Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 381
Filtrar
2.
Alzheimers Dement ; 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522830

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We investigated cross-sectional associations between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and measures of brain volume and cerebral small vessel disease among participants of the Framingham Heart Study Offspring cohort. METHODS: A total of 1897 participants (mean ± standard deviation, age 62±9) completed Food Frequency Questionnaires and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). RESULTS: Higher (pro-inflammatory) DII scores, averaged across a maximum of three time points, were associated with smaller total brain volume (beta ± standard error: -0.16 ± 0.03; P < .0001) after adjustment for demographic, clinical, and lifestyle covariates. In addition, higher DII scores were associated with smaller total gray matter volume (-0.08 ± 0.03; P = .003) and larger lateral ventricular volume (0.04 ± 0.02; P = .03). No associations were observed with other brain MRI measures. DISCUSSION: Our findings showed associations between higher DII scores and global brain MRI measures. As we are one of the first groups to report on the associations between higher DII scores and brain volume, replication is needed to confirm our findings.

3.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35491781

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasma phosphorylated-tau181 (p-tau181) is a promising biomarker for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and may offer utility for predicting preclinical disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prospective association between plasma p-tau181 and amyloid-ß (Aß) and tau-PET deposition in cognitively unimpaired individuals. METHODS: Plasma p-tau181 levels were measured at baseline in 52 [48% women, mean 64.4 (SD 5.5) years] cognitively unimpaired Framingham Offspring cohort participants using samples stored between 2011-2014 who subsequently underwent 11C-Pittsburgh Compound-B (PiB)-PET and/or 18F-Flortaucipir (FTP)-PET scans (n = 18 with tau-PET) a mean of 6.8 (SD 0.6) years later. Our primary outcomes included Aß-precuneus, Aß-FLR (frontal, lateral, and retrosplenial cortices) and tau-global composite region PET deposition. Secondary outcomes included individual regional Aß and tau PET-deposition. P-tau181 was compared with plasma neurofilament light chain (NFL) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in predicting PET outcomes. RESULTS: P-tau181 was associated with increased Aß deposition in the FLR (ß±SE, 1.25±0.30, p < 0.0001), precuneus (1.35±0.29, p < 0.001), and other cortical regions. Plasma NFL (1.30±0.49, p = 0.01) and GFAP (1.46±0.39, p < 0.001) were also associated with FLR Aß deposition. In models including all three biomarkers adjusted for age, sex, APOE E4 allele, AD polygenic risk score and cortical atrophy score, p-tau181 (0.93±0.31, p < 0.01, R2 = 0.18) and GFAP (0.93±0.41, p = 0.03, R2 = 0.11), but not NFL (0.25±0.51, p = 0.62, R2 = 0.01), were associated with FLR-Aß deposition. Plasma p-tau181 was not associated with tau-PET burden. CONCLUSION: In cognitively unimpaired adults, elevated plasma p-tau181 is associated with future increased Aß deposition across multiple brain regions. Our results highlight the potential utility of p-tau181 as a blood-biomarker to screen for brain-amyloid deposition in cognitively healthy individuals in a community-setting.

5.
Cells ; 11(9)2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35563811

RESUMO

Blood biomarkers for dementia have the potential to identify preclinical disease and improve participant selection for clinical trials. Machine learning is an efficient analytical strategy to simultaneously identify multiple candidate biomarkers for dementia. We aimed to identify important candidate blood biomarkers for dementia using three machine learning models. We included 1642 (mean 69 ± 6 yr, 53% women) dementia-free Framingham Offspring Cohort participants attending examination, 7 who had available blood biomarker data. We developed three machine learning models, support vector machine (SVM), eXtreme gradient boosting of decision trees (XGB), and artificial neural network (ANN), to identify candidate biomarkers for incident dementia. Over a mean 12 ± 5 yr follow-up, 243 (14.8%) participants developed dementia. In multivariable models including all 38 available biomarkers, the XGB model demonstrated the strongest predictive accuracy for incident dementia (AUC 0.74 ± 0.01), followed by ANN (AUC 0.72 ± 0.01), and SVM (AUC 0.69 ± 0.01). Stepwise feature elimination by random sampling identified a subset of the nine most highly informative biomarkers. Machine learning models confined to these nine biomarkers showed improved model predictive accuracy for dementia (XGB, AUC 0.76 ± 0.01; ANN, AUC 0.75 ± 0.004; SVM, AUC 0.73 ± 0.01). A parsimonious panel of nine candidate biomarkers were identified which showed moderately good predictive accuracy for incident dementia, although our results require external validation.

6.
Ann Neurol ; 2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35471588

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Women have a higher lifetime risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) than men. Among cognitively normal (CN) older adults, women exhibit elevated tau positron emission tomography (PET) signal compared with men. We explored whether menopause exacerbates sex differences in tau deposition in middle-aged adults. METHODS: 328 CN participants from the Framingham Study (mean age = 57 years (±10 years), 161 women, of whom, 104 were post-menopausal) underwent tau and ß-amyloid (Aß)-PET neuroimaging. We examined global Aß-PET, and tau-PET signal in 5 regions identified a priori as demonstrating significant sex differences in older adults (in temporal, inferior parietal, middle frontal, and lateral occipital regions). We examined sex and menopause status-related differences in each region-of-interest, using linear regressions, as well as interactions with Aß and APOEε4 genotype. RESULTS: Women exhibited higher tau-PET signal (p < 0.002), and global Aß-PET (p = 0.010), than men in inferior parietal, rostral middle frontal, and lateral occipital regions. Compared with age-matched men, post-menopausal women showed significantly higher tau-PET signal in parieto-occipital regions (p < 0.0001). By contrast, no differences in tau-PET signal existed between pre-menopausal women and men. Aß-PET was not associated with menopausal status or age. Neither Aß-PET nor APOEε4 status moderated sex or menopause associations with tau-PET. INTERPRETATION: Clear divergence in tauopathy between the sexes are apparent approximately 20 years earlier than previously reported. Menopause status moderated sex differences in Aß and tau-PET burden, with tau first appearing post-menopause. Sex and menopause differences consistently appeared in middle frontal and parieto-occipital regions but were not moderated by Aß burden or APOEε4, suggesting that menopause-related tau vulnerability may be independent of AD-related pathways. ANN NEUROL 2022.

7.
Circulation ; 145(17): 1324-1338, 2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35430874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The remaining lifetime risk (RLR) is the probability of developing an outcome over the remainder of one's lifespan at any given age. The RLR for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in three 20-year periods were assessed using data from a single community-based cohort study of predominantly White participants. METHODS: Longitudinal data from the Framingham study in 3 epochs (epoch 1, 1960-1979; epoch 2, 1980-1999; epoch 3, 2000-2018) were evaluated. The RLR of a first ASCVD event (myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease death, or stroke) from 45 years of age (adjusting for competing risk of death) in the 3 epochs were compared overall, and according to the following strata: sex, body mass index, blood pressure and cholesterol categories, diabetes, smoking, and Framingham risk score groups. RESULTS: There were 317 849 person-years of observations during the 3 epochs (56% women; 94% White) and 4855 deaths occurred. Life expectancy rose by 10.1 years (men) to 11.9 years (women) across the 3 epochs. There were 1085 ASCVD events over the course of 91 330 person-years in epoch 1, 1330 ASCVD events over the course of 107 450 person-years in epoch 2, and 775 ASCVD events over the course of 119 069 person-years in epoch 3. The mean age at onset of first ASCVD event was greater in the third epoch by 8.1 years (men) to 10.3 years (women) compared with the first epoch. The RLR of ASCVD from 45 years of age declined from 43.7% in epoch 1 to 28.1% in epoch 3 (P<0.0001), a finding that was consistent in both sexes (RLR [epoch 1 versus epoch 3], 36.3% versus 26.5% [women]; 52.5% versus 30.1% [men]; P<0.001 for both). The lower RLR of ASCVD in the last 2 epochs was observed consistently across body mass index, blood pressure, cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, and Framingham risk score strata (P<0.001 for all). The RLR of coronary heart disease events and stroke declined in both sexes (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Over the past 6 decades, mean life expectancy increased and the RLR of ASCVD decreased in the community-based, predominantly White Framingham study. The residual burden of ASCVD underscores the importance of continued and effective primary prevention efforts with better screening for risk factors and their effective treatment.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Colesterol , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
8.
Alzheimers Dement (Amst) ; 14(1): e12261, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35382232

RESUMO

Introduction: To describe the protocol and findings of the instrumental validation of three imaging-based biomarker kits selected by the MarkVCID consortium: free water (FW) and peak width of skeletonized mean diffusivity (PSMD), both derived from diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and white matter hyperintensity (WMH) volume derived from fluid attenuation inversion recovery and T1-weighted imaging. Methods: The instrumental validation of imaging-based biomarker kits included inter-rater reliability among participating sites, test-retest repeatability, and inter-scanner reproducibility across three types of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners using intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC). Results: The three biomarkers demonstrated excellent inter-rater reliability (ICC >0.94, P-values < .001), very high agreement between test and retest sessions (ICC >0.98, P-values < .001), and were extremely consistent across the three scanners (ICC >0.98, P-values < .001). Discussion: The three biomarker kits demonstrated very high inter-rater reliability, test-retest repeatability, and inter-scanner reproducibility, offering robust biomarkers suitable for future multi-site observational studies and clinical trials in the context of vascular cognitive impairment and dementia (VCID).

9.
Epidemiology ; 33(3): 362-371, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35383644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identifying determinants of cognitive decline is crucial for developing strategies to prevent Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. However, determinants of cognitive decline remain elusive, with inconsistent results across studies. One reason could be differential survival. Cognitive decline and many exposures of interest are associated with mortality making survival a collider. Not accounting for informative attrition can result in survival bias. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) and linear mixed-effects model (LME) are commonly used to estimate effects of exposures on cognitive decline, but both assume mortality is not informative. Joint models combine LME with Cox proportional hazards models to simultaneously estimate cognitive decline and the hazard of mortality. METHODS: Using simulations, we compared estimates of the effect of a binary exposure on rate of cognitive decline from GEE, weighted GEE using inverse-probability-of-attrition weights, and LME to joint models under several causal structures of survival bias. RESULTS: We found that joint models with correctly specified relationship between survival and cognition performed best, producing unbiased estimates and appropriate coverage. Even those with misspecified relationship between survival and cognition showed advantage under causal structures consistent with survival bias. We also compared these models in estimating the effect of education on cognitive decline after dementia diagnosis using Framingham Heart Study data. Estimates of the effect of education on cognitive decline from joint models were slightly attenuated with similar precision compared with LME. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, joint models were more robust than LME, GEE, and weighted GEE models when evaluating determinants of cognitive decline.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Viés , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Estudos Longitudinais
10.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 336, 2022 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35396452

RESUMO

Circulating total-tau levels can be used as an endophenotype to identify genetic risk factors for tauopathies and related neurological disorders. Here, we confirmed and better characterized the association of the 17q21 MAPT locus with circulating total-tau in 14,721 European participants and identified three novel loci in 953 African American participants (4q31, 5p13, and 6q25) at P < 5 × 10-8. We additionally detected 14 novel loci at P < 5 × 10-7, specific to either Europeans or African Americans. Using whole-exome sequence data in 2,279 European participants, we identified ten genes associated with circulating total-tau when aggregating rare variants. Our genetic study sheds light on genes reported to be associated with neurological diseases including stroke, Alzheimer's, and Parkinson's (F5, MAP1B, and BCAS3), with Alzheimer's pathological hallmarks (ADAMTS12, IL15, and FHIT), or with an important function in the brain (PARD3, ELFN2, UBASH3B, SLIT3, and NSD3), and suggests that the genetic architecture of circulating total-tau may differ according to ancestry.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Tauopatias , Afro-Americanos/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Exoma , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos
11.
Ann Neurol ; 2022 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35373386

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Enlarged perivascular spaces have emerged as markers of cerebral small vessel disease and are linked to perivascular drainage dysfunction. The apolipoprotein E-ɛ4 (APOE-ɛ4) allele is the strongest genetic risk factor for cerebral amyloid angiopathy and Alzheimer's neuropathology, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We studied the relationship between APOE-ɛ4 and the topography and burden of enlarged perivascular spaces to elucidate underlying mechanisms between APOE-ɛ4 and adverse clinical outcomes. METHODS: We included 3,564 Framingham Heart Study participants with available genotypes and magnetic resonance imaging. Enlarged perivascular spaces in the basal ganglia and centrum semiovale were rated using a validated scale. We related APOE-ɛ4 allele presence to high burden of enlarged perivascular spaces in each region and a mixed score reflecting high burden in both regions using multivariable logistic regression. Exploratory analyses incorporated presence of cerebral microbleeds and assessed effect modification by hypertension. RESULTS: Mean age was 60.7 years (SD = 14.6), 1,644 (46.1%) were men, 1,486 (41.8%) were hypertensive, and 836 (23.5%) participants were APOE-ɛ4 carriers. APOE-ɛ4 was associated with high burden of enlarged perivascular spaces in the centrum semiovale (odds ratio [OR] = 1.45, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.16, 1.81) and mixed regions (OR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.11, 1.68). Associations were slightly stronger in hypertensive subjects. INTERPRETATION: The APOE-ɛ4 allele plays a modest role in the burden of enlarged perivascular spaces in the centrum semiovale. Further studies are needed to clarify the underlying small vessel disease type in community-dwelling individuals with predominant centrum semiovale enlarged perivascular spaces, which may be hypertensive angiopathy in our sample. ANN NEUROL 2022.

12.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 11(9): e023918, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35470685

RESUMO

Background Vascular function is compromised in Alzheimer disease (AD) years before amyloid and tau pathology are detected and a substantial body of work shows abnormal platelet activation states in patients with AD. The aim of our study was to investigate whether platelet function in middle age is independently associated with future risk of AD. Methods and Results We examined associations of baseline platelet function with incident dementia risk in the community-based FHS (Framingham Heart Study) longitudinal cohorts. The association between platelet function and risk of dementia was evaluated using the cumulative incidence function and inverse probability weighted Cox proportional cause-specific hazards regression models, with adjustment for demographic and clinical covariates. Platelet aggregation response was measured by light transmission aggregometry. The final study sample included 1847 FHS participants (average age, 53.0 years; 57.5% women). During follow-up (median, 20.5 years), we observed 154 cases of incident dementia, of which 121 were AD cases. Results from weighted models indicated that platelet aggregation response to adenosine diphosphate 1.0 µmol/L was independently and positively associated with dementia risk, and it was preceded in importance only by age and hypertension. Sensitivity analyses showed associations with the same directionality for participants defined as adenosine diphosphate hyper-responders, as well as the platelet response to 0.1 µmol/L epinephrine. Conclusions Our study shows individuals free of antiplatelet therapy with a higher platelet response are at higher risk of dementia in late life during a 20-year follow-up, reinforcing the role of platelet function in AD risk. This suggests that platelet phenotypes may be associated with the rate of dementia and potentially have prognostic value.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Testes de Função Plaquetária , Difosfato de Adenosina , Doença de Alzheimer/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Agregação Plaquetária , Fatores de Risco
13.
Am J Hum Genet ; 109(4): 738-749, 2022 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35316615

RESUMO

A challenge in standard genetic studies is maintaining good power to detect associations, especially for low prevalent diseases and rare variants. The traditional methods are most powerful when evaluating the association between variants in balanced study designs. Without accounting for family correlation and unbalanced case-control ratio, these analyses could result in inflated type I error. One cost-effective solution to increase statistical power is exploitation of available family history (FH) that contains valuable information about disease heritability. Here, we develop methods to address the aforementioned type I error issues while providing optimal power to analyze aggregates of rare variants by incorporating additional information from FH. With enhanced power in these methods exploiting FH and accounting for relatedness and unbalanced designs, we successfully detect genes with suggestive associations with Alzheimer disease, dementia, and type 2 diabetes by using the exome chip data from the Framingham Heart Study.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Exoma , Variação Genética/genética , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Modelos Genéticos , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
14.
Alzheimers Dement (Amst) ; 14(1): e12298, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35356487

RESUMO

Introduction: The clinical translation of biofluid markers for dementia requires validation in diverse cohorts. The study goal was to evaluate if blood biomarkers reflecting diverse pathophysiological processes predict disease progression in Mexican American adults. Methods: Mexican American adults (n = 745), 50 years of age and older, completed annual assessments over a mean of 4 years. Serum collected at baseline was assayed for total tau, neurofilament light (NFL), ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase LI, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), soluble cluster of differentiation 14 (sCD14), and chitinase-3-like protein 1 (YKL-40). Results: Higher GFAP and NFL were associated with global cognitive decline. Only GFAP was associated with increased incident dementia risk (hazard ratio: 1.611 (95% confidence interval: 1.204-2.155)) and inclusion of additional biomarkers did not improve model fit. Discussion: Among a panel of six blood biomarkers previously associated with neurodegenerative disease, only GFAP predicted incident dementia in our cohort. The findings suggest that blood GFAP levels may aid dementia-risk prediction among Mexican American adults.

15.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 11(6): e022107, 2022 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35229662

RESUMO

Background We aimed to evaluate the association between metabolic health and obesity and brain health measured via magnetic resonance imaging and neurocognitive testing in community dwelling adults. Methods and Results Framingham Heart Study Third Generation Cohort members (n=2170, 46±9 years of age, 54% women) without prevalent diabetes, stroke, dementia, or other neurologic conditions were grouped by metabolic unhealthiness (≥2 criteria for metabolic syndrome) and obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg/m2): metabolically healthy (MH) nonobese, MH obese, metabolically unhealthy (MU) nonobese, and MU obese. We evaluated the relationships of these groups with brain structure (magnetic resonance imaging) and function (neurocognitive tests). In multivariable-adjusted analyses, metabolically unhealthy individuals (MU nonobese and MU obese) had lower total cerebral brain volume compared with the MH nonobese referent group (both P<0.05). Additionally, the MU obese group had greater white matter hyperintensity volume (P=0.004), whereas no association was noted between white matter hyperintensity volume and either groups of metabolic health or obesity alone. Obese individuals had less favorable cognitive scores: MH obese had lower scores on global cognition, Logical Memory-Delayed Recall and Similarities tests, and MU obese had lower scores on Similarities and Visual Reproductions-Delayed tests (all P≤0.04). MU and obese groups had higher free water content and lower fractional anisotropy in several brain regions, consistent with loss of white matter integrity. Conclusions In this cross-sectional cohort study of younger to middle-aged adults, poor metabolic health and obesity were associated with structural and functional evidence of brain aging. Improvement in metabolic health and obesity may present opportunities to improve long-term brain health.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Obesidade , Adulto , Envelhecimento , Índice de Massa Corporal , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/metabolismo
16.
Hypertension ; 79(3): 505-515, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35138872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Guidelines emphasize screening people with elevated BP for the presence of end-organ damage. METHODS: We characterized the prevalence, correlates, and prognosis of hypertension-mediated organ damage (HMOD) in the community-based Framingham Study. 7898 participants (mean age 51.6 years, 54% women) underwent assessment for the following HMOD: electrocardiographic and echocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy, abnormal brain imaging findings consistent with vascular injury, increased carotid intima-media thickness, elevated carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, reduced kidney function, microalbuminuria, and low ankle-brachial index. We characterized HMOD prevalence according to blood pressure (BP) categories defined by four international BP guidelines. Participants were followed up for incidence of cardiovascular disease. RESULTS: The prevalence of HMOD varied positively with systolic BP and pulse pressure but negatively with diastolic BP; it increased with age, was similar in both sexes, and varied across BP guidelines based on their thresholds defining hypertension. Among participants with hypertension, elevated carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity was the most prevalent HMOD (40%-60%), whereas low ankle-brachial index was the least prevalent (<5%). Left ventricular hypertrophy, reduced kidney function, microalbuminuria, increased carotid intima-media thickness, and abnormal brain imaging findings had an intermediate prevalence (20%-40%). HMOD frequently clustered within individuals. On follow-up (median, 14.1 years), there were 384 cardiovascular disease events among 5865 participants with concurrent assessment of left ventricular mass, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, kidney function, and microalbuminuria. For every BP category above optimal (referent group), the presence of HMOD increased cardiovascular disease risk compared with its absence. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of HMOD varies across international BP guidelines based on their different thresholds for defining hypertension. The presence of HMOD confers incremental prognostic information regarding cardiovascular disease risk at every BP category.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Nefropatias/epidemiologia , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Pressão Sanguínea , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Incidência , Nefropatias/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Prognóstico
17.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 86(4): 1603-1609, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35213372

RESUMO

The brainstem is among the first regions to accumulate Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related hyperphosphorylated tau pathology during aging. We aimed to examine associations between brainstem volume and neocortical amyloid-ß or tau pathology in 271 middle-aged clinically normal individuals of the Framingham Heart Study who underwent MRI and PET imaging. Lower volume of the medulla, pons, or midbrain was associated with greater neocortical amyloid burden. No associations were detected between brainstem volumes and tau deposition. Our results support the hypothesis that lower brainstem volumes are associated with initial AD-related processes and may signal preclinical AD pathology.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Tronco Encefálico/patologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas tau/metabolismo
18.
Neurology ; 98(13): e1337-e1348, 2022 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35131906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Loneliness is common, and its prevalence is rising. The relationship of loneliness with subsequent dementia and the early preclinical course of Alzheimer disease and related dementia (ADRD) remains unclear. Thus, the primary objective of this study was to determine the association of loneliness with 10-year all-cause dementia risk and early cognitive and neuroanatomic imaging markers of ADRD vulnerability. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from the population-based Framingham Study cohorts (September 9, 1948-December 31, 2018). Eligible participants had loneliness assessed and were dementia-free at baseline. Loneliness was recorded with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, defined conservatively as feeling lonely ≥3 days in the past week. The main outcomes were incident dementia over a 10-year period, cognition, and MRI brain volumes and white matter injury. RESULTS: Of 2,308 participants (mean age 73 [SD 9] years, 56% women) who met eligibility in the dementia sample, 14% (329 of 2,308) developed dementia and 6% (144 of 2,308) were lonely. Lonely (versus not lonely) adults had higher 10-year dementia risk (age-, sex-, and education-adjusted hazard ratio 1.54, 95% CI 1.06-2.24). Lonely participants <80 years of age without APOE ε4 alleles had a 3-fold greater risk (adjusted hazard ratio 3.03, 95% CI, 1.63-5.62). Among 1,875 persons without dementia who met eligibility in the cognition sample (mean age 62 [SD 9] years, 54% women), loneliness associated with poorer executive function, lower total cerebral volume, and greater white matter injury. DISCUSSION: Over 10 years of close clinical dementia surveillance in this cohort study, loneliness was associated with increased dementia risk; this tripled in adults whose baseline risk would otherwise be relatively low on the basis of age and genetic risk, representing a majority of the US population. Loneliness was also associated with worse neurocognitive markers of ADRD vulnerability, suggesting an early pathogenic role. These findings may have important clinical and public health implications given observed loneliness trends. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class I evidence that loneliness increases the 10-year risk of developing dementia.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Solidão , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença de Alzheimer/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Solidão/psicologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
19.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 14(4): 1691-1712, 2022 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35220276

RESUMO

The proportion of aging populations affected by dementia is increasing. There is an urgent need to identify biological aging markers in mid-life before symptoms of age-related dementia present for early intervention to delay the cognitive decline and the onset of dementia. In this cohort study involving 1,676 healthy participants (mean age 40) with up to 15 years of follow up, we evaluated the associations between cognitive function and two classes of novel biological aging markers: blood-based epigenetic aging and neuroimaging-based brain aging. Both accelerated epigenetic aging and brain aging were prospectively associated with worse cognitive outcomes. Specifically, every year faster epigenetic or brain aging was on average associated with 0.19-0.28 higher (worse) Stroop score, 0.04-0.05 lower (worse) RAVLT score, and 0.23-0.45 lower (worse) DSST (all false-discovery-rate-adjusted p <0.05). While epigenetic aging is a more stable biomarker with strong long-term predictive performance for cognitive function, brain aging biomarker may change more dynamically in temporal association with cognitive decline. The combined model using epigenetic and brain aging markers achieved the highest accuracy (AUC: 0.68, p<0.001) in predicting global cognitive function status. Accelerated epigenetic age and brain age at midlife may aid timely identification of individuals at risk for accelerated cognitive decline and promote the development of interventions to preserve optimal functioning across the lifespan.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência , Envelhecimento/genética , Biomarcadores , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Cognitiva/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Vasos Coronários , Epigênese Genética , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Neuroimagem
20.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 86(3): 1371-1383, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35213373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver steatosis and fibrosis are emerging as risk factors for multiple extrahepatic health conditions; however, their relationship with Alzheimer's disease pathology is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and FIB-4, a non-invasive index of advanced fibrosis, are associated with brain amyloid-ß (Aß) and tau pathology. METHODS: The study sample included Framingham Study participants from the Offspring and Third generation cohorts who attended exams 9 (2011-2014) and 2 (2008-2011), respectively. Participants underwent 11C-Pittsburgh Compound-B amyloid and 18F-Flortaucipir tau positron emission tomography (PET) imaging and abdomen computed tomography, or had information on all components of the FIB-4 index. Linear regression models were used to assess the relationship of NAFLD and FIB-4 with regional tau and Aß, adjusting for potential confounders and multiple comparisons. RESULTS: Of the subsample with NAFLD information (N = 169; mean age 52±9 y; 57% males), 57 (34%) had NAFLD. Of the subsample with information on liver fibrosis (N = 177; mean age 50±10 y; 51% males), 34 (19%) had advanced fibrosis (FIB-4 > 1.3). Prevalent NAFLD was not associated with Aß or tau PET. However, FIB-4 index was significantly associated with increased rhinal tau (ß= 1.03±0.33, p = 0.002). Among individuals with prevalent NAFLD, FIB-4 was related to inferior temporal, parahippocampal gyrus, entorhinal and rhinal tau (ß= 2.01±0.47, p < 0.001; ß= 1.60±0.53, p = 0.007, and ß= 1.59±0.47, p = 0.003 and ß= 1.60±0.42, p = 0.001, respectively) and to Aß deposition overall and in the inferior temporal and parahippocampal regions (ß= 1.93±0.47, p < 0.001; ß= 1.59±0.38, p < 0.001, and ß= 1.52±0.54, p = 0.008, respectively). CONCLUSION: This study suggests a possible association between liver fibrosis and early Alzheimer's disease pathology, independently of cardio-metabolic risk factors.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Alzheimer/epidemiologia , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Proteínas tau
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...