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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595533

RESUMO

AIMS: Frailty has a great impact on the quality of life of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), which needs to be judged in time. To develop a diagnostic model based on nutritional indicators to judge the frailty status of patients with chronic heart failure (Frailty-CHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: In the data collection part of this study, questionnaire method and biomedical measurement method were adopted. The trace elements in serum samples were detected by high performance liquid chromatography, chemiluminescence, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. We used Excel for data consolidation, and then imported the data into R software for modelling. Lasso method was used for variable screening, and Logistics regression fitting model was used after variables were determined. The internal validation of the model was completed by Bootstrap re-sampling. A total of 123 patients were included in this study. After variables' screening, age, nutritional status-heart failure, New York Heart Association Functional Class (NYHA), micronutrients B12, Ca, folic acid, and Se were included in the model, the c statistic and Brier score of the original model were 0.9697 and 0.0685, respectively. After Bootstrap re-sampling adjustment, the c statistic and Brier score were 0.8503 and 0.1690. CONCLUSION: In this study, a diagnostic model of age, nutritional status-heart failure, NYHA, the micronutrients B12, Ca, folic acid, and Se was established. It could help healthcare professionals better identify the frailty status in patients with CHF.

3.
J Asthma ; : 1-9, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559035

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Asthmatic children presenting with chest tightness as the only symptom have not been widely recognized. This study attempted to find risk factors, summarize clinical features and offer some suggestions for the diagnosis of this atypical asthma.Methods: We studied 94 children, aged 6 to 14 years, who complained only of chest tightness. Data from clinical manifestations and laboratory tests were analyzed. The atypical asthma group (n = 58) showed positive bronchial challenge tests, and symptoms either improved or resolved in response to the bronchodilator. The control group (n = 36) had negative results on the bronchial challenge, diurnal PEF, and BDR tests, and no response to asthma treatment with bronchodilator.Results: Pollution, weather, recent house renovation, and air-conditioning use may be risk factors for children with atypical asthma. These children had more accompanying symptoms of rhinitis and rhinitis family history (P < 0.05), and a higher positive detection rate of inhaled allergens and multiple sensitizations. Parameters of the pulmonary function test were lower in the atypical asthma group than in the control group, and they also had higher FeNO values. If a cutoff value of improvement in FEV1 of BDR were set at 8.9%, sensitivity would be 48.2%, which is higher than a 12% cutoff.Conclusions: Environmental factors appeared to cause development of the isolated chest tightness symptom. Clinical history and laboratory tests could provide partial values for this diagnosis. In the absence of a bronchial challenge test, a margin of improvement in FEV1 of BDR set at 8.9% may be helpful.

4.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 225: 112776, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537586

RESUMO

Both cadmium (Cd) contamination and boron (B) deficiency in farmland soils pose a threat to the yield and quality of crops in Southern China. The present study investigated the mechanisms by which B reduces Cd accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa) seedlings. Boron supplementation partially restored the decline in shoot and root biomass caused by Cd treatment (26% and 33%, respectively), with no significant difference between the B+Cd and control groups. We also found that B significantly reduced shoot and root Cd concentrations (by 64% and 25%, respectively) but increased Cd concentration (by 43%) and proportion (from 38% to 55%) in root cell walls. Transcriptome analysis and biochemical tests suggested that B supplementation enhanced lignin and pectin biosynthesis, pectin demethylation, and sulfur and glutathione metabolism. Moreover, B decreased the expression of some Cd-induced transporter-related genes (i.e., HMA2, Nramp1, and several ABC genes). These results indicate that B relieved Cd toxicity and reduced Cd accumulation in rice seedlings by restraining Cd uptake and translocation from root to shoot by improving Cd tolerance and chelation ability. These novel findings would benefit further investigations into how B influences Cd uptake, translocation, detoxification, and accumulation in crops.


Assuntos
Oryza , Plântula , Boro/toxicidade , Cádmio/toxicidade , Produtos Agrícolas , Oryza/genética
5.
Pharmgenomics Pers Med ; 14: 705-712, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34163215

RESUMO

Purpose: Genetic variant has been demonstrated to be a risk factor for the occurrence and outcome of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC). From previous genome wide association studies, 6p21.32 has been identified as a susceptibility locus of CSCC. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of a polymorphism rs2072915 located in 6p21.32 with the risk of CSCC and examine the potential mechanism of the rs2072915 in CSCC pathogenesis. Patients and Methods: The rs2072915 was genotyped using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism. miR-637 and RXRB mRNA expression levels in CSCC patients were examined using quantitative PCR. miR-637 target site was determined using the dual-luciferase reporter assay. Results: The rs2072915 was associated with a significantly increased risk (AA vs TT: adjusted OR = 2.48, 95% CI, 1.57-3.94, P < 0.001; AT/AA vs TT: adjusted OR = 1.38, 95% CI, 1.06-1.80, P = 0.018; A vs T: adjusted OR = 1.49, 95% CI, 1.21-1.84, P < 0.001, respectively) and shorter survival time of CSCC (P = 0.03). Patients with the rs2072915 AA genotype displayed lower levels of RXRB that is a target of miR-637. Conclusion: These findings suggest that the rs2072915 T > A change might augment the binding energy of miR-637 to RXRB, result in lower levels of RXRB, and thus contribute to the risk of CSCC.

6.
Oecologia ; 196(2): 499-514, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34023971

RESUMO

Plant functional traits and strategies hold the promise to explain species distribution, but few studies have linked multiple traits to multiple niche dimensions (i.e., light, water, and nutrients). Here, we analyzed for 29 liana species in a Chinese tropical seasonal rainforest how: (1) trait associations and trade-offs lead to different plant strategies; and (2) how these traits shape species' niche dimensions. Eighteen functional traits related to light, water, and nutrient use were measured and species niche dimensions were quantified using species distribution in a 20-ha plot combined with data on canopy gaps, topographic water availability, and soil nutrients. We found a tissue toughness spectrum ranging from soft to hard tissues along which species also varied from acquisitive to conservative water use, and a resource acquisition spectrum ranging from low to high light capture and nutrient use. Intriguingly, each spectrum partly reflected the conservative-acquisitive paradigm, but at the same time, the tissue toughness and the resource acquisition spectrum were uncoupled. Resource niche dimensions were better predicted by individual traits than by multivariate plant strategies. This suggests that trait components that underlie multivariate strategy axes, rather than the plant strategies themselves determine species distributions. Different traits were important for different niche dimensions. In conclusion, plant functional traits and strategies can indeed explain species distributions, but not in a simple and straight forward way. Although the identification of global plant strategies has significantly advanced the field, this research shows that global, multivariate generalizations are difficult to translate to local conditions, as different components of these strategies are important under different local conditions.


Assuntos
Floresta Úmida , Árvores , Fenótipo , Folhas de Planta , Estações do Ano , Clima Tropical , Água
7.
Chemosphere ; 270: 128609, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33092823

RESUMO

Coking wastewater is extremely toxic with poor biodegradability owing to the presence of refractory organics. Black titanium oxide nanotube array (BTN), not only photocatalyst but also electrocatalyst, is with definite potentiality in organic wastewater treatment. Here, we firstly developed an electrochemical method, using fluorinated coking wastewater as electrolyte rather than traditional fluorinated ethylene glycol, to prepare titanium oxide nanoarray economically. Unexpectedly, suspended pollutants and ammonia nitrogen in coking wastewater were removed in BTN preparation. Moreover, the as-prepared BTN could be further employed as photocatalyst or electrocatalyst to degrade dissolved organic matter in coking wastewater. As an electrocatalyst, BTN possessed the comparable •OH production activity about 9.9 × 10-15 M S-1 to boron-doped diamond, high oxygen evolution potential around 2.75 V, and high selectivity of chlorine production. Moreover, the biodegradability of treated coking wastewater could be effectively improved by using BTN as electrocatalyst in electrochemical oxidation, and the BOD/COD was from 0.19 to above 0.3 in 4 h at current density of 2 mA cm-2. The energy consumption was about 63-68 kWh kgCOD-1, lower than that of various reported electrodes. This study provided an economical and environmentally friendly method to prepare BTN, which was with positive application prospect in the field of coking wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Coque , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Coque/análise , Eletrodos , Oxirredução , Titânio , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
8.
Environ Res ; 198: 110453, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33188765

RESUMO

The high energy consumption of high apparent electrical resistivity (AER) in sludge during the later stages of the electro-dewatering (EDW) process is a difficult problem; however, analysis of sludge AER may contribute to a reduction in energy consumption. In this study, the variations in the AER of activated sludge and potential mechanisms related to sludge properties were systematically examined. First, a sludge cake was divided into four horizontal layers, in order to investigate the sludge AER in each layer. Then, the effects of variations in water distribution, oxidation-reduction potential (ORP), pH, metal ions, sludge conductivity, zeta potential, temperature, and sludge microstructure on the AER in each layer were explored. The results showed that the sludge AER began to increase from the bottom layers to the top layers when the moisture content (MC) was decreased to 60%. The formation of nonionic chemical systems and the gas barrier layer could increase the AER in the top layers, and the increase in sludge AER in the bottom layers was due to the decrease in MC and sludge conductivity. In addition, electrolyte release and electromigration had a significant effect on the sludge AER. This work identifies potential causes for the increase in AER, and provides a reference for solving problems related to high AER in sludge during the later stages of the EDW process.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Eletricidade , Águas Residuárias , Água
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 753: 141710, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891988

RESUMO

Respiratory and fecal aerosols play confirmed and suspected roles, respectively, in transmitting severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). An extensive environmental sampling campaign of both toilet and non-toilet environments was performed in a dedicated hospital building for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and the associated environmental factors were analyzed. In total, 107 surface samples, 46 air samples, two exhaled condensate samples, and two expired air samples were collected within and beyond four three-bed isolation rooms. The data of the COVID-19 patients were collected. The building environmental design and the cleaning routines were reviewed. Field measurements of airflow and CO2 concentrations were conducted. The 107 surface samples comprised 37 from toilets, 34 from other surfaces in isolation rooms, and 36 from other surfaces outside the isolation rooms in the hospital. Four of these samples were positive, namely two ward door handles, one bathroom toilet seat cover, and one bathroom door handle. Three were weakly positive, namely one bathroom toilet seat, one bathroom washbasin tap lever, and one bathroom ceiling exhaust louver. Of the 46 air samples, one collected from a corridor was weakly positive. The two exhaled condensate samples and the two expired air samples were negative. The fecal-derived aerosols in patients' toilets contained most of the detected SARS-CoV-2 in the hospital, highlighting the importance of surface and hand hygiene for intervention.


Assuntos
Aparelho Sanitário , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Hospitais , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Sci Total Environ ; 753: 142289, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207437

RESUMO

In the fight against the outbreak of COVID-19 in China, we treated some asymptomatic infected individuals. This study aimed to detect pathogens in biological and environmental samples of these asymptomatic infected individuals and analyse their association. Using a cross-sectional study design, we collected biological and environmental samples from 19 patients treated in the isolation ward of Nanjing No.2 Hospital. Biological samples included saliva, pharyngeal swabs, blood, anal swabs, and exhaled breath condensate. Swab samples from the ward environment included inside masks, outside masks, palm swabs, bedside handrails, bedside tables, cell phone screens, toilet cell phone shelves, toilet pads and toilet lids. We also obtained some samples from public areas. We used RT-PCR to detect pathogens and colloidal gold to detect antibodies. As results, 19 asymptomatic infected individuals participated in the survey, with 8 positives for pathogens and 11 positives only for antibodies. Three positive samples were detected from among 96 environmental samples, respectively, from a cell phone surface, a cell phone shelf and a bedside handrail. No positive samples were detected in the exhaled breath condensate in this work. All patients identified pathogens in the environment had positive anal swabs. There was a statistical association between positive anal swabs and positive environmental samples. The association of positive samples from the surrounding of asymptomatically infected patients with positive anal swabs suggested that patients might secrete the virus for a more extended period.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
11.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 101: 339-350, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334528

RESUMO

The increase of electrical resistance (ER) and energy consumption (EC) during the later stage of dewatering is a major problem hindering the development of electro-dewatering (EDW) technology. As the variations of sludge characteristics are significant during the EDW process, the relationships between sludge characteristics and ER and EC during EDW remain unclear. In this study, the effects of moisture content (MC), thickness, pH, conductivity, zeta potential, temperature, and gas volume on the ER and EC during the EDW process were statistically investigated using correlation and multiple linear regression analyses. Herein, the results showed that the ER of the sludge near the anode was primarily affected by pH, whereas the sludge near the cathode was primarily affected by the MC and conductivity. Further, sludge temperature and conductivity were the most reliable indicators to predict the EC near the anode and cathode, respectively. The results of this study provide theoretical guidance useful for solving the increase of ER and EC during the later stage of the EDW process.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Condutividade Elétrica , Impedância Elétrica , Eletrodos , Água
12.
Environ Res ; 190: 110011, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763282

RESUMO

Since the effect of electro-dewatering (EDW) on sludge water holding capacity was unknown, tests were conducted in this study to investigate the water holding capacity of EDW sludge and the potential mechanism related to the sludge physicochemical characteristics, EPS properties and sludge structure. Sludge was dewatered to the average moisture content (AMC) of 80%, 70% and 60% with different applied voltages at 20, 30 and 40V in EDW, respectively. Then the dewatered sludge near the anode and cathode were rewatered. The variation of sludge water holding capacity in EDW process was evaluated in terms of filterability and saturated moisture content (SMC), and the filterability was assessed by the specific resistance to filtration (SRF) of rewatered sludge. The results indicated that SRF of rewatered sludge near the cathode increased greatly. The proteins/polysaccharides (PN/PS) of loosely bound extracellular polymeric substances (LB-EPS) was significantly positively correlated with SRF (r = 0.891, p < 0.01). Moreover, the exposure of hydrophobic sites or groups in PN near the cathode improved the surface hydrophobicity of sludge, which reduced the filterability. In addition, higher voltage could destroy the sludge structure near the anode at the later stage of EDW process, leading to the decrease of SRF and SMC. These results expanded the knowledge about changes in sludge properties and water holding capacity during EDW process.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Água , Matriz Extracelular de Substâncias Poliméricas , Filtração , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Águas Residuárias
13.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(19): 127433, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32717371

RESUMO

Spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) is a non-receptor cytosolic kinase. Due to its pivotal role in B cell receptor and Fc-receptor signaling, inhibition of SYK has been targeted in a variety of disease areas. Herein, we report the optimization of a series of potent and selective SYK inhibitors, focusing on improving metabolic stability, pharmacokinetics and hERG inhibition. As a result, we identified 30, which exhibited no hERG activity but unfortunately was poorly absorbed in rats and mice. We also identified a SYK chemical probe, 17, which exhibits excellent potency at SYK, and an adequate rodent PK profile to support in vivo efficacy/PD studies.


Assuntos
Indazóis/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Quinase Syk/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Células CACO-2 , Cristalografia por Raios X , Canal de Potássio ERG1/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Indazóis/síntese química , Indazóis/metabolismo , Indazóis/farmacocinética , Camundongos , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Ratos Wistar , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Quinase Syk/química , Quinase Syk/metabolismo
14.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(12): 2180-2191, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32549764

RESUMO

The histone H3K9 methyltransferase SETDB2 is involved in cell cycle dysregulation in acute leukemia and has oncogenic roles in gastric cancer. In our study, we found that SETDB2 plays essential roles in breast cancer stem cell maintenance. Depleted SETDB2 significantly decreased the breast cancer stem cell population and mammosphere formation in vitro and also inhibited breast tumor initiation and growth in vivo. Restoring SETDB2 expression rescued the defect in breast cancer stem cell maintenance. A mechanistic analysis showed that SETDB2 upregulated the transcription of the ΔNp63α downstream Hedgehog pathway gene. SETDB2 also interacted with and methylated ΔNp63α, and stabilized ΔNp63α protein. Restoring ΔNp63α expression rescued the breast cancer stem cell maintenance defect which mediated by SETDB2 knockdown. In conclusion, our study reveals a novel function of SETDB2 in cancer stem cell maintenance in breast cancer.

15.
Curr Top Med Chem ; 20(21): 1911-1915, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493190

RESUMO

AIMS: A series of 8-methoxy ciprofloxacin- hydrazone/acylhydrazone hybrids were evaluated for their activity against a panel of cancer cell lines including HepG2 liver cancer cells, MCF-7, doxorubicin- resistant MCF-7 (MCF-7/DOX) breast cancer cells, DU-145 and multidrug-resistant DU145 (MDR DU-145) prostate cancer cells to seek for novel anticancer agents. BACKGROUND: Ciprofloxacin with excellent pharmacokinetic properties as well as few side effects, is one of the most common used antibacterial agents. Notably, Ciprofloxacin could induce cancer cells apoptosis, and cell cycle arrest at the S/G2 stage. The structure-activity relationship reveals that the introduction of the methoxy group into the C-8 position of the fluoroquinolone moiety has resulted in a greater binding affinity to the binding site, and 8-methoxy ciprofloxacin derivatives have proved a variety of biological activities even against drug-resistant organisms. However, to the best of our current knowledge, there are no studies that have reported the anticancer activity of 8-methoxy ciprofloxacin derivatives so far. Furthermore, many fluoroquinolone-hydrazone/acylhydrazone hybrids possess promising anticancer activity. Thus, it is rational to screen the anticancer activity of 8-methoxy ciprofloxacin derivatives. OBJECTIVE: To enrich the structure-activity relationship and provide new anticancer candidates for further investigations. METHODS: The desired 8-methoxy ciprofloxacin-hydrazone/acylhydrazone hybrids 5 and 6 were screened for their in vitro anticancer activity against liver cancer cells HepG2, breast cancer cells MCF-7, MCF7/DOX, prostate cancer cells DU-145 and MDR DU-145 by MTT assay. RESULTS: Some of 8-methoxy ciprofloxacin-hydrazone hybrids showed potential activity against HepG2, MCF-7, MCF-7/DOX, DU-145 and MDR DU-145 cancer cell lines, low cytotoxicity towards VERO cells and promising inhibitory activity on tubulin polymerization. CONCLUSION: Compounds 5d and 5f showed promising anticancer activity, low cytotoxicity, and potential tubulin polymerization inhibitory activity, were worthy of investigation. Other: The structure-activity relationship was enriched.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ciprofloxacina/farmacologia , Hidrazonas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciprofloxacina/química , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Hidrazonas/química , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
Org Lett ; 22(9): 3418-3422, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311269

RESUMO

In this report, we describe a new photoredox catalyzed 1,4-conjugate addition of N-substituted acetic acids to electron-deficient olefins via decarboxylative C-C bond formation. This C-C bond formation occurred under mild conditions enabled by visible light irradiation. This transformation facilitated the synthesis of biologically relevant N-substituted heterocyclic structural motifs not readily accessible by other methods. The C-C bond formation protocol was applied to weakly nucleophilic heterocycles such as indoles, indazoles, imidazoles, and cyclic amides to form functionalized drug-like small molecule.

17.
Int J Nurs Sci ; 7(2): 148-152, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32313713

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of optimization of the intravenous infusion workflow in isolation wards for patients with coronavirus disease 2019. Methods: The infusion management group optimized the intravenous infusion workflow based on Hamer's Process Reengineering Theory and applied it to the treatment of patients with coronavirus disease 2019. The work efficiency, patients' satisfaction and economic indicators before and after optimization were compared. Results: After the infusion workflow was optimized, average times for preparation drugs and intravenous admixture, and patients' waiting time decreased from 4.84 min, 4.03 min, and 34.33 min to 3.50 min, 2.60 min, and 30.87 min, respectively, patients' satisfaction increased from 66.7% to 93.3%, and the cost of personal protective equipment (PPE) decreased from 46.67 sets and 186.6 CNY per day to 36.17 sets and 144.6 CNY, with statistical significance. Conclusion: The optimization of the intravenous infusion workflow can effectively decrease the cost of PPE while improving the efficiency of infusion and patients' satisfaction.

18.
Mol Phylogenet Evol ; 149: 106838, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32304825

RESUMO

To investigate the diploid-polyploid relationships and the role of maternal progenitors in establishment of polyploid richness in Triticeae, 35 polyploids representing almost all genomic constitutions together with 48 diploid taxa representing 20 basic genomes in the tribe were analyzed. Phylogenomic reconstruction, genetic distance matrix, and nucleotide diversity patterns of plastome sequences indicated that (1) The maternal donor of the annual polyploid species with the U- and D-genome are related to extant Ae. umbellulata and Ae. tauschii, respectively. The maternal donor to the annual polyploid species with the S-, G-, and B-genome originated from the species of Sitopsis section of the genus Aegilops. The annual species with the Xe-containing polyploids were donated by Eremopyrum as the female parent; (2) Pseudoroegneria and Psathyrostachys were the maternal donor of perennial species with the St- and Ns-containing polyploids, respectively; (3) The Lophopyrum, Thinopyrum and Dasypyrum genomes contributed cytoplasm genome to Pseudoroegneria species as a result of incomplete lineage sorting and/or chloroplast captures, and these lineages were genetically transmitted to the St-containing polyploid species via polyploidization; (4) There is a reticulate relationship among the St-containing polyploid species. It can be suggested that genetic heterogeneity might associate with the richness of the polyploids in Triticeae.


Assuntos
Diploide , Evolução Molecular , Genomas de Plastídeos , Poaceae/genética , Poliploidia , Sequência de Bases , Genes de Plantas , Variação Genética , Funções Verossimilhança , Nucleotídeos/genética , Filogenia
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(5): 1135-1141, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237457

RESUMO

There are many chemical components in the volatile oil of Dictamni Cortex. The complex network relationship of "component-target-disease" can be revealed by using the network pharmacology method, and the mechanism of the efficacy of Dictamni Cortex can be revealed. In this study, we used Swiss Target Prediction database to predict the target of action, STRING database to build protein interaction network, and Cytoscape software to build "component-target-disease" network. The results showed that the antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antiallergic effects of Dictamni Cortex were closely related to the components of thymol methyl ether, elemenol, anethole, and the related targets of each component were cross-linked to play a multi-target pharmacodynamic role. This study laid a foundation for the study of the effective substance basis and quality control evaluation of the Dictamni Cortex, and provided a scientific basis for further revealing its mechanism.


Assuntos
Dictamnus/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Controle de Qualidade , Software
20.
Toxins (Basel) ; 12(4)2020 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32340293

RESUMO

Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Vip3A proteins are important insecticidal proteins used for control of lepidopteran insects. However, the mode of action of Vip3A toxin is still unclear. In this study, the amino acid residue S164 in Vip3Aa was identified to be critical for the toxicity in Spodoptera litura. Results from substitution mutations of the S164 indicate that the insecticidal activity of Vip3Aa correlated with the formation of a >240 kDa complex of the toxin upon proteolytic activation. The >240 kDa complex was found to be composed of the 19 kDa and the 65 kDa fragments of Vip3Aa. Substitution of the S164 in Vip3Aa protein with Ala or Pro resulted in loss of the >240 kDa complex and loss of toxicity in Spodoptera litura. In contrast, substitution of S164 with Thr did not affect the >240 kDa complex formation, and the toxicity of the mutant was only reduced by 35%. Therefore, the results from this study indicated that formation of the >240 kDa complex correlates with the toxicity of Vip3Aa in insects and the residue S164 is important for the formation of the complex.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Spodoptera/efeitos dos fármacos , Aminoácidos/química , Aminoácidos/genética , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/toxicidade , Inseticidas/química , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Proteólise , Tripsina/química
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