Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 13 de 13
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(1): 31-36, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246678

RESUMO

Aim: : To estimate the age by evaluating the length of dentin translucency in ground sections of extracted teeth using digital scanner and tools of GIMP 2.8 software for dental age estimation. Materials and Methods: Fifty extracted single-rooted permanent teeth from 50 different individuals and their 0.25-mm thick sections were prepared. Each tooth section was scanned and the length of dentin translucency was measured in GIMP 2.8 software. Results: A linear relationship was observed between dentin translucency and age in the regression analysis. Pearson's correlation analysis showed that there was positive correlation (r = 0.93, P = 0.001) between dentin translucency and age, and the difference between the chronologic age and real age is ± 4.88 years. Conclusion: Dentin translucency in the apical part of the tooth can be used for estimating the age of an individual. A method to digitally select and measure translucent root dentin length was used here. This software method is easy to use and less time-consuming. The measurements obtained using this method are more precise and thus help in more accurate age estimation. Considering these benefits, this study recommends the use of digital method to assess translucency for forensic purpose.


Assuntos
Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes , Dentina , Humanos , Análise de Regressão , Software , Raiz Dentária
2.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(1): 91-102, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246689

RESUMO

Objectives: This study was aimed at determining the specific signs of close relationship between impacted mandibular third molar (IMTM) root and inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) canal as visualised on digital panoramic radiograph or orthopantomograph (OPG) which should indicate as well as contraindicate the need for cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging based on hierarchical model of Fryback and Thornbury. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 120 individuals (200 IMTM) who had undergone OPG as well as CBCT imaging as preoperative radiographic evaluation before surgical extraction. On panoramic radiographs; Rood and Sheehab's radiographic signs of IMTM root and IAN canal, impacted third molar position based on Winter's classification and depth of impaction based on Pell and Gregory's classification were evaluated. On CBCT; presence/absence of corticalization and the status of the buccal and lingual cortices (thinning/perforation) were evaluated. These findings of OPG were compared to CBCT findings to determine the better modality based on hierarchical model of Fryback and Thornbury. Results: Statistically significant association was found between radiographic signs of Rood and Sheehab such as 'no relation' and 'superimposition' on OPG and presence of corticalization between IMTM root and IAN canal on CBCT. Statistically significant association was also found between 'mesioangular' and 'vertical' positions of Winter's classification as well as 'class 1A' of Pell and Gregory's classification of IMTM on OPG and presence of corticalization on CBCT. CBCT was found to be having lesser variance and greater F value as compared to OPG for evaluation of IMTM. Conclusions: On OPG; Rood and Sheehab's radiographic signs such as 'no relation' and 'superimposition', Winter's 'mesioangular' and 'vertical' and Pell and Gregory's 'Class 1A' are not indicative for CBCT examination before surgical extraction is attempted. On OPG; Rood and Sheehab's radiographic signs such as interruption of white line, darkening of root, darkening of canal, deflection of root, narrowing of canal as well as diversion of canal are all frequently associated with absence of corticalization between IMTM root and IAN canal and hence require CBCT examination before surgical extraction is attempted so that post-operative neurological complications can be minimised. Also, Winter's horizontal, distoangular and others as well Pell and Gregory's classes 1B,1C,2A,2B,2C,3A,3B,3C are indicative for CBCT examination before surgical extraction is attempted. Fryback and Thornbury model-based comparison proves that CBCT is a better radiographic modality as compared to OPG for evaluation of IMTM relation with IAN canal.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Mandíbula , Nervo Mandibular , Radiografia Panorâmica , Extração Dentária
3.
J Oral Maxillofac Pathol ; 22(2): 286, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30158796

RESUMO

The angiomyxomas are rarely reported in the head and neck region; this paper entails a case of aggressive angiomyxoma presenting as a growth in the maxillary anterior alveolar mucosa and lip region for 1 year, which was accurately identified and treated successfully by surgical excision. An attempt has been made to highlight the clinical and pathologic stand out features of this tumor with intricate emphasis, alongside a literary review.

4.
Ann Maxillofac Surg ; 7(2): 278-281, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29264298

RESUMO

Frey's syndrome is characterized by unilateral sweating and flushing of the skin in the area of the parotid gland, occurring during meal, or on salivary stimulation. It is a common complication following surgery/injury in the parotid gland region/temporomandibular joint surgery; however, very few cases have been reported of its occurrence following herpetic infection. It is important for the clinician to recognize its unusual symptoms as early as possible to prevent its potential negative social and psychological effect on the patient. It is diagnosed on clinical presentation and confirmed by objective testing methods. The treatment ranges from topical application of glycopyrrolate to local injections of botulinum toxin and lastly to surgical intervention. An interesting case of Frey's syndrome is presented in a young patient having the previous history of herpes zoster infection, which was diagnosed clinically and confirmed by starch-iodine test and was successfully treated with topical application of glycopyrrolate.

5.
Indian J Sex Transm Dis AIDS ; 37(1): 78-80, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27190419

RESUMO

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is designated as an acquired immune deficiency syndrome defining condition. Although uncommon, it is essential to be wary of this neoplasm since intraoral manifestations may be the first clinical manifestation of HIV disease. The gingiva is one of the rarest intraoral sites with a prevalence of 0.6%. Careful evaluation of patients presenting with solitary atypical gingival mass can lead to early detection of HIV disease. Here, we report a case of NHL manifesting as a gingival mass in a 45-year-old HIV-positive female patient.

6.
Ayu ; 37(3-4): 250-255, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29491679

RESUMO

Introduction: CALCI-7 (CA) is an ayurvedic proprietary medicine, used to treat osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. However, scientific proof for its anti-osteoporotic effect and mechanism of action remain unclear due to which present study was under taken. Materials and Methods: Ovariectomy was performed to induce osteoporosis. Rats were given CA 100 mg/kg, p.o. and estrogen 0.0563 mg/kg, i.m. once a day from day 1 to day 42. Animals were weighed weekly for body weight variation. At the end of 42 days treatment, urine and the blood samples were collected for analysis of calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase. Immediately, after sample collection, the uterus was carefully removed and weighed. Results were analysed using ANOVA. Results: CA treatment to ovariectyomized (OVX) rats showed significant improvement in body weight, increased levels of calcium and phosphorus levels in serum while levels were found to be decreased in urine as compared to OVX group. The significant increase in uterine weight and femur length were observed in treatment groups. In the histopathological examination bone structure showed a normal structure with lacuna and various lamellae without any damage or porosity in bone in the formulation and estrogen-treated group. Conclusion: The present findings are strongly suggestive that CA possesses comparable efficacy to estrogen and thus can be useful in the postmenopausal osteoporosis.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25963683

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease affecting geriatric populations for which several causes have been proposed. These include a relationship with known pathogens although the exact nature of such a relationship remains uncertain. Herpes simplex virus-1 has been proposed as potential cause of AD because of its ability to form ß amyloid(Aß) and neurofibrillary tangles due to tau hyperphosphorylation and action of beta & gamma secretase on amyloid precursor protein(APP) together with genetic association with apolipoprotein-E4(ApoE-Ɛ4), which points out to latent Herpes Simplex virus-1 as an agent causing AD. There are numerous studies that linked HSV-1 with AD like anti-HSV-1 IgM antibodies, nectin-2, heme oxygenase-1, phosphorylated eukaryotic initiation factor-2A, caspase-8 and nucleus-specific alteration of raphe neurons. Various possible mechanisms by which HSV-1 might lead to development of AD such as ApoE, ß-amyloid, tau phosphorylation, inflammation and oxidative stress are also discussed. Thus, this review discusses patent information and a strong relationship between latent HSV-1 and AD and also proposes antiviral therapy for AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/virologia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Herpesvirus Humano 1/patogenicidade , Doença de Alzheimer/etiologia , Humanos
8.
Indian J Dent Res ; 25(3): 401-5, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25099003

RESUMO

Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis or Sweet's syndrome (SS) is characterized by painful, erythematous plaques of rapid onset accompanied by fever. The etiology of SS is unknown and it may be associated with antecedent infections, malignancies, autoimmune diseases, drugs and vaccines, upper respiratory or gastrointestinal infection, pregnancy, inflammatory bowel disease as well as chemotherapy or idiopathic. The standard therapy for SS is systemic corticosteroids. We report a rare case of 19-year-old young male patient with complaint of severe ill-defined type of pain in both jaws associated with plaques and papules on extensor surfaces of upper and lower extremities with bodyache and myalgia. Histopathological examination suggested perivascular neutrophilic infiltration with scattered eosinophils. Sweet syndrome has rare oral manifestations secondary to hematological changes. It can also present as a paraneoplastic syndrome (malignancy-associated form of condition, which is most commonly related to acute myelogenous leukemia), which leads to poor prognosis and thus it requires careful examination, early diagnosis and long-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Sweet/diagnóstico , Acetaminofen/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Cetirizina/uso terapêutico , Dapsona/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Masculino , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Sweet/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 10(2): 232-8, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25022371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral cancer accounts for 5% of all malignant tumors and 60% of these lesions are well advanced at the time of diagnosis. The early diagnosis could prevent a large number of deaths due to this disease. AIMS: This study aims to evaluate and compare the clinical usefulness of exfoliative cytology, modified brush biopsy (without computer assisted analysis), and biopsy in early detection of oral premalignant and malignant lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Modified oral brush biopsy (using baby toothbrush) and exfoliative cytology was performed on 225 clinically diagnosed oral precancerous lesions (suspected) selected from among 1099 lesions in 877 patients. Scalpel or punch biopsy was performed based on clinic-cytological evidence (test result and/or clinical judgment) on only 117 lesions. All the specimens were analyzed manually in a double-blinded fashion. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: RESULTS were analyzed using Statistical package for Social Sciences version 12 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) and subjected to Fischer exact test. RESULTS: Of 117 lesions that underwent all the three tests, modified oral brush biopsy showed a reasonably higher specificity (68.42%) and sensitivity (81.69%) when compared with specificity (86.48%) and sensitivity (48.57%) of cytology. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate that modified oral brush biopsy has higher efficacy than routine cytology and can be used as a potentially practical oral cancer screening tool in resource challenged settings. However, clinical judgment is of prime importance. Immediate biopsy is mandatory in highly suspicious lesions proposed under the diagnostic criteria of "clinically diagnosed carcinoma in situ".


Assuntos
Leucoplasia Oral/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Adulto , Biópsia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Bucal/patologia
10.
ISRN Gastroenterol ; 2012: 562594, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22997587

RESUMO

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common serious gastrointestinal disorder affecting very preterm or very low birth weight infants. The risk is inversely proportional to gestational age and weight at birth. Fetal growth restriction and compromise may be additional specific risk factors. Despite extensive research and animal studies etiopathogenesis, preventive strategies and management options remain controversial. The present paper reviews the literature for recent advances and newer insights for changing epidemiological trends, pathogenesis, role of inflammatory cytokines, and various preventive and management strategies.

11.
J Pharmacol Pharmacother ; 3(2): 156-60, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22629091

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between altered thyroid hormones and insulin resistance (IR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight euthyroid (EU), eight hypothyroid (HO), and eight hyperthyroid (HR) patients with no past medical history were studied in this cross-sectional study at the Care Institute of Medical Sciences, Ahmedabad, India, The fasting blood sample were analyzed for thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), lipid profile, insulin, and glucose. Homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) was calculated for assessing IR. RESULTS: HOMA values were significantly higher in HR and HO groups as compared to the EU group (P < 0.05). Insulin levels were also found to be significantly increased in HR and HO groups as compared to the EU group (P < 0.05). Cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), and low density lipoprotein (LDL) were significantly raised in HO as compared to EU and HR groups (P < 0.05) whereas high density lipoprotein levels (HDL) were lower. HOMA and insulin were found to be positively correlated with TSH in HO and negatively in HR. CONCLUSION: Thyroid disorder, including both hypo- and hyper have been associated with IR due to various mechanisms such as altered insulin secretion and lipid levels. IR was comparable in patients with both HO and HR. Although HO and HR constitute an IR state, more studies need to be done in order to clarify the underlying pathogenic mechanism. Thus, an altered thyroid state can lead to IR leading to glucose-related disorder such as diabetes dyslipidemia.

12.
Ayu ; 33(2): 314-6, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23559812

RESUMO

The present study is designed to explore the mechanism of action of herbal formulation Lucer against experimentally induced gastric ulcers. The aqueous extract (120 and 180 mg/kg) of Lucer was tested against aspirin and ethanol-induced gastric ulcer model in rats. The drug has been found to be very effective in inhibiting gastric ulceration. This is evident from reduction in ulcer index parameters. Besides, significant reduction in acid secretory parameters such as total acidity, total acid output and volume of gastric secretion were also observed. It is concluded from this study that the drug possesses anti-ulcer activity in both the models. The anti-ulcer activity of the drug can be attributed to inhibition of acid secretary parameters and strengthening of gastric mucosal barrier.

13.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 2(3): 215-224, 2001.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12718634

RESUMO

Present study examined various socio-demographic factors, dietary patterns, habit of tobacco consumption and plasma vitamin levels in 56 healthy individuals, 146 patients with oral precancerous conditions (OPC) and 132 untreated oral and pharyngeal cancer patients. The subjects were interviewed with a detailed health, habit and diet questionnaire. Plasma b-carotene, vitamin-A and vitamin-E levels were determined spectrophotometrically. An increased incidence of OPC was observed in the age group of <30 years which was associated with tobacco chewing. Whereas, incidence of cancer was in the age group of 30-60 years where habit of tobacco smoking was more prevalent. Majorities of the subjects were from rural area, poor, unaware about association of diet with cancer. The body mass index was lower (p=0.045) in patients with OPC and cancer patients as compared to the controls. Plasma b-carotene and vitamin-E levels were lower in patients with OPC (p=0.000 and 0.031, respectively) and untreated cancer patients (p=0.000 and 0.071, respectively) than the controls. ROC curve revealed that plasma vitamin levels have ability to discriminate between controls and cancer patients. Lower plasma b-carotene and vitamin-E levels were observed in tobacco consumers as compared to non-consumers. Odds ratio revealed that controls and patients with OPC having tobacco habit and lower plasma levels of b-carotene were at a higher risk (p<0.05) of developing cancer. Regression study and Analysis of Variance revealed that plasma b-carotene levels were inversely associated (r(2)=0.14, p=0.001 and F=0.000, respectively) with increase in the stage of cancer. The data provide interesting clues of potential role of diet, tobacco habits, socio-demographic status and plasma vitamin levels in etiology of oral and pharyngeal cancer in Gujarat, where no such findings are reported.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA