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1.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO2002151, 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119476

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Olaparib, a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor (PARPi), is approved for the treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative metastatic breast cancer (MBC) in germline (g)BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. Olaparib Expanded, an investigator-initiated, phase II study, assessed olaparib response in patients with MBC with somatic (s)BRCA1/2 mutations or g/s mutations in homologous recombination (HR)-related genes other than BRCA1/2. METHODS: Eligible patients had MBC with measurable disease and germline mutations in non-BRCA1/2 HR-related genes (cohort 1) or somatic mutations in these genes or BRCA1/2 (cohort 2). Prior PARPi, platinum-refractory disease, or progression on more than two chemotherapy regimens (metastatic setting) was not allowed. Patients received olaparib 300 mg orally twice a day until progression. A single-arm, two-stage design was used. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR); the null hypothesis (≤ 5% ORR) would be rejected within each cohort if there were four or more responses in 27 patients. Secondary endpoints included clinical benefit rate and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: Fifty-four patients enrolled. Seventy-six percent had estrogen receptor-positive HER2-negative disease. Eighty-seven percent had mutations in PALB2, sBRCA1/2, ATM, or CHEK2. In cohort 1, ORR was 33% (90% CI, 19% to 51%) and in cohort 2, 31% (90% CI, 15% to 49%). Confirmed responses were seen only with gPALB2 (ORR, 82%) and sBRCA1/2 (ORR, 50%) mutations. Median PFS was 13.3 months (90% CI, 12 months to not available/computable [NA]) for gPALB2 and 6.3 months (90% CI, 4.4 months to NA) for sBRCA1/2 mutation carriers. No responses were observed with ATM or CHEK2 mutations alone. CONCLUSION: PARP inhibition is an effective treatment for patients with MBC and gPALB2 or sBRCA1/2 mutations, significantly expanding the population of patients with breast cancer likely to benefit from PARPi beyond gBRCA1/2 mutation carriers. These results emphasize the value of molecular characterization for treatment decisions in MBC.

2.
Nat Cancer ; 1(4): 382-393, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32864625

RESUMO

Alpelisib is a selective inhibitor of PI3Kα, shown to improve outcomes for PIK3CA mutant, hormone receptor positive (HR+) metastatic breast cancers (MBC) when combined with antiestrogen therapy. To uncover mechanisms of resistance, we conducted a detailed, longitudinal analysis of tumor and plasma circulating tumor DNA among such patients from a phase I/II trial combining alpelisib with an aromatase inhibitor (AI) (NCT01870505). The trial's primary objective was to establish safety with maculopapular rash emerging as the most common grade 3 adverse event (33%). Among 44 evaluable patients, the observed clinical benefit rate was 52%. Correlating genetic alterations with outcome, we identified loss-of-function PTEN mutations in 25% of patients with resistance. ESR1 activating mutations also expanded in number and allele fraction during treatment and were associated with resistance. These data indicate that genomic alterations that mediate resistance to alpelisib or antiestrogen may promote disease progression and highlight PTEN loss as a recurrent mechanism of resistance to PI3Kα inhibition.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32954205

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Women with breast cancer have a 4%-16% lifetime risk of a second primary cancer. Whether mutations in genes other than BRCA1/2 are enriched in patients with breast and another primary cancer over those with a single breast cancer (S-BC) is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified pathogenic germline mutations in 17 cancer susceptibility genes in patients with BRCA1/2-negative breast cancer in 2 different cohorts: cohort 1, high-risk breast cancer program (multiple primary breast cancer [MP-BC], n = 551; S-BC, n = 449) and cohort 2, familial breast cancer research study (MP-BC, n = 340; S-BC, n = 1,464). Mutation rates in these 2 cohorts were compared with a control data set (Exome Aggregation Consortium [ExAC]). RESULTS: Overall, pathogenic mutation rates for autosomal, dominantly inherited genes were higher in patients with MP-BC versus S-BC in both cohorts (8.5% v 4.9% [P = .02] and 7.1% v 4.2% [P = .03]). There were differences in individual gene mutation rates between cohorts. In both cohorts, younger age at first breast cancer was associated with higher mutation rates; the age of non-breast cancers was unrelated to mutation rate. TP53 and MSH6 mutations were significantly enriched in patients with MP-BC but not S-BC, whereas ATM and PALB2 mutations were significantly enriched in both groups compared with ExAC. CONCLUSION: Mutation rates are at least 7% in all patients with BRCA1/2 mutation-negative MP-BC, regardless of age at diagnosis of breast cancer, with mutation rates up to 25% in patients with a first breast cancer diagnosed at age < 30 years. Our results suggest that all patients with breast cancer with a second primary cancer, regardless of age of onset, should undergo multigene panel testing.

4.
Breast J ; 26(8): 1549-1555, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32691458

RESUMO

The landscape of genetic testing for breast cancer susceptibility has transformed dramatically over the last decade and a half. Traditionally, the process of genetic testing resided fully within a medical infrastructure, from identification of appropriate testing candidates to gene selection to risk mitigation recommendations. More recently, decreasing costs, advancing technology, and a growing understanding of therapeutic implications of certain genetic test results have led to more widespread uptake of testing that increasingly involves broad multigene panels. Germline genetic testing for breast cancer susceptibility can now be obtained through one of three approaches: through clinical care; a direct-to-consumer (DTC) approach that is entirely consumer-driven; or a hybrid, patient-initiated, provider-mediated model. Increased access to testing has led to extensive dialogue about the best way to conduct testing and act on results. Points of discussion include: selection of appropriate candidates for genetic testing; optimal composition of genes on panels; informed consent; safe return of results; privacy; and legal protections for those found to have relevant pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants. As more individuals undergo genetic testing, a growing population of individuals with inherited breast cancer predisposition informs optimal management of cancer risk and also highlights unanswered questions. This article aims to review the current state of genetic testing for inherited breast cancer susceptibility including testing approaches, the legal, ethical and social landscape, and selected contemporary management issues.

5.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The risks of breast cancer in African American (AA) women associated with inherited mutations in breast cancer predisposition genes are not well defined. Thus, whether multigene germline hereditary cancer testing panels are applicable to this population is unknown. We assessed associations between mutations in panel-based genes and breast cancer risk in 5054 AA women with breast cancer and 4993 unaffected AA women drawn from 10 epidemiologic studies. METHODS: Germline DNA samples were sequenced for mutations in 23 cancer predisposition genes using a QIAseq multiplex amplicon panel. Prevalence of mutations and odds ratios (ORs) for associations with breast cancer risk were estimated with adjustment for study design, age, and family history of breast cancer. RESULTS: Pathogenic mutations were identified in 10.3% of women with estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer, 5.2% of women with ER-positive breast cancer, and 2.3% of unaffected women. Mutations in BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2 were associated with high risks of breast cancer (OR = 47.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 10.43 to >100; OR = 7.25, 95% CI = 4.07 to 14.12; OR = 8.54, 95% CI = 3.67 to 24.95, respectively). RAD51D mutations were associated with high risk of ER-negative disease (OR = 7.82, 95% CI = 1.61 to 57.42). Moderate risks were observed for CHEK2, ATM, ERCC3, and FANCC mutations with ER-positive cancer, and RECQL mutations with all breast cancer. CONCLUSIONS: The study identifies genes that predispose to breast cancer in the AA population, demonstrates the validity of current breast cancer testing panels for use in AA women, and provides a basis for increased referral of AA patients for cancer genetic testing.

6.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 181(1): 181-188, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246378

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Women with Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS), a cancer predisposition syndrome caused by germline mutations in TP53, have an over 50% risk of developing breast cancer by age 70. Patients with LFS are at risk for radiation-induced malignancies; however, only small case series have prior investigated radiation risks in the treatment of breast cancer. We therefore aimed to investigate the risk of malignancy in breast cancer patients with LFS following adjuvant radiotherapy. METHODS: A single-institution retrospective chart review was conducted for female breast cancer patients with confirmed germline TP53 mutation. The frequency of radiation-induced malignancies in LFS patients was compared to non-LFS breast cancer cases reported in the Penn Medicine Cancer Registry via statistical analyses. RESULTS: We identified 51 female LFS breast cancer patients with 74 primary diagnoses. Fifty-seven% had a history of breast cancer only, and 25% had breast cancer as their presenting diagnosis of LFS. LFS-associated breast cancers were predominantly invasive ductal carcinoma (48%) and HER2+ (58%). Twenty patients underwent adjuvant radiotherapy with a median follow-up of 12.5 (2-20) years. Of 18 patients who received radiation in a curative setting, one (6%) patient developed thyroid cancer, and one (6%) patient developed sarcoma in the radiation field. This risk for radiation-induced malignancy associated with LFS was higher for both sarcoma and thyroid cancer in comparison with the control cohort. CONCLUSIONS: We found a lower risk of radiation-induced secondary malignancies in LFS breast cancer patients than previously reported in the literature (33% risk of radiation-induced sarcoma). These findings suggest that LFS may not be an absolute contraindication for radiotherapy in breast cancer. The potential risk for locoregional recurrence without radiotherapy must be weighed against the long-term risk for radiation-induced malignancies in consideration of adjuvant radiotherapy for LFS breast cancer patients.

7.
J Nucl Med ; 61(5): 665-670, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31836680

RESUMO

The σ2 receptor is a potential in vivo target for measuring proliferative status in cancer. The feasibility of using N-(4-(6,7-dimethoxy-3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-2(1H)-yl)butyl)-2-(2-18F-fluoroethoxy)-5-methylbenzamide (18F-ISO-1) to image solid tumors in lymphoma, breast cancer, and head and neck cancer has been previously established. Here, we report the results of the first dedicated clinical trial of 18F-ISO-1 in women with primary breast cancer. Our study objective was to determine whether 18F-ISO-1 PET could provide an in vivo measure of tumor proliferative status, and we hypothesized that uptake would correlate with a tissue-based assay of proliferation, namely Ki-67 expression. Methods: Twenty-eight women with 29 primary invasive breast cancers were prospectively enrolled in a clinical trial (NCT02284919) between March 2015 and January 2017. Each received an injection of 278-527 MBq of 18F-ISO-1 and then underwent PET/CT imaging of the breasts 50-55 min later. In vivo uptake of 18F-ISO-1 was quantitated by SUVmax and distribution volume ratios and was compared with ex vivo immunohistochemistry for Ki-67. Wilcoxon rank-sum tests assessed uptake differences across Ki-67 thresholds, and Spearman correlation tested associations between uptake and Ki-67. Results: Tumor SUVmax (median, 2.0 g/mL; range, 1.3-3.3 g/mL), partial-volume-corrected SUVmax, and SUV ratios were tested against Ki-67. Tumors stratified into the high-Ki-67 (≥20%) group had SUVmax greater than the low-Ki-67 (<20%) group (P = 0.02). SUVmax exhibited a positive correlation with Ki-67 across all breast cancer subtypes (ρ = 0.46, P = 0.01, n = 29). Partial-volume-corrected SUVmax was positively correlated with Ki-67 for invasive ductal carcinoma (ρ = 0.51, P = 0.02, n = 21). Tumor-to-normal-tissue ratios and tumor distribution volume ratio did not correlate with Ki-67 (P > 0.05). Conclusion: 18F-ISO-1 uptake in breast cancer modestly correlates with an in vitro assay of proliferation.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Transporte Biológico , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons
8.
Fam Cancer ; 18(1): 63-66, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29804199

RESUMO

Hereditary mixed polyposis syndrome (HMPS) is a hereditary syndrome that is characterized by multiple colon polyps of mixed pathologic subtypes and an increased risk for colorectal cancer. A 40 kb duplication in the 5' regulatory region of the GREM1 gene was recently found to be the causal mutation in a subset of Ashkenazi Jewish families with HMPS. Given this discovery, the GREM1 5' regulatory region is now analyzed on many different multi-gene cancer panels, however the data on duplications distinct from the 40 kb duplication remains minimal. Herein we report a novel 24 kb tandem duplication of the 5' regulatory region of GREM1 in a patient without Ashkenazi Jewish heritage, who had a family history that was concerning for Lynch syndrome and satisfied Amsterdam II criteria. This is only the third reported GREM1 duplication separate from the 40 kb Ashkenazi Jewish duplication, and is the only reported duplication to selectively involve exon 1 of GREM1. This finding supports comprehensive testing of the GREM1 regulatory region in families of all ethnicities with multiple colon polyps or colon cancer, and when Lynch syndrome is suspected.


Assuntos
Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/genética , Duplicação Gênica , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/diagnóstico , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/patologia , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/cirurgia , Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Colo/patologia , Colo/cirurgia , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais Hereditárias sem Polipose/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais Hereditárias sem Polipose/genética , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem
9.
Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet ; 18: 201-227, 2017 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28504904

RESUMO

Next-generation or massively parallel sequencing has transformed the landscape of genetic testing for cancer susceptibility. Panel-based genetic tests evaluate multiple genes simultaneously and rapidly. Because these tests are frequently offered in clinical settings, understanding their clinical validity and utility is critical. When evaluating the inherited risk of breast and ovarian cancers, panel-based tests provide incremental benefit compared with BRCA1/2 genetic testing. For inherited risk of other cancers, such as colon cancer and pheochromocytoma-paraganglioma, the clinical utility and yield of panel-based testing are higher; in fact, simultaneous evaluation of multiple genes has been the historical standard for these diseases. Evaluating inherited risk with panel-based testing has recently entered clinical practice for prostate and pancreatic cancers, with potential therapeutic implications. The resulting variants of uncertain significance and mutations with unclear actionability pose challenges to service providers and patients, underscoring the importance of genetic counseling and data-sharing initiatives. This review explores the evolving merits, challenges, and nuances of panel-based testing for cancer susceptibility.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Mutação , Neoplasias/genética , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Masculino
10.
Cancer ; 122(8): 1178-84, 2016 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26859126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biological differences between BRCA-associated breast cancer and sporadic breast cancer may warrant different adjuvant chemotherapy (ACRx) recommendations despite similar phenotypic features. A 21-gene expression profile (Oncotype DX) generates a prognostic recurrence score (RS) that predicts the ACRx benefit in patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. No reports describe assay results for BRCA-associated breast cancer. METHODS: A review of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center databases identified 4908 patients with hormone receptor-positive, node-negative breast cancer who underwent Oncotype DX testing between July 2006 and March 2014. BRCA1/BRCA2 carriers (cases) were identified and matched (1:2) by age at diagnosis and tumor size to noncarrier controls. Two-sample nonparametric tests were used to compare the baseline characteristics, RSs, and risk stratification between BRCA1 and BRCA2 patients. Conditional logistic regression was used to assess these differences by mutational status. RESULTS: Fifty mutation-associated cases (19 BRCA1 cases and 31 BRCA2 cases) and 100 controls who were well matched for age (P = .9) and tumor size (P = .6) were included. BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers had similar median RSs (P = .6) and risk category stratification (P = .3). The median RS was higher for cases versus controls (24 vs 16; P < .0001). Risk stratification also differed by mutational status (P = .0002). Cases had more high-risk disease (28% vs 7%) and intermediate-risk disease (56% vs 36%) and less low-risk disease (16% vs 57%). Cases were more likely than controls to receive ACRx (74% vs 46%; P = .002). CONCLUSIONS: Germline BRCA-associated hormone receptor-positive breast cancer may be associated with intrinsically less favorable biology. Few affected carriers have RS indicating a clear absence of benefit from ACRx. The increased use of ACRx and benefit from ACRx in BRCA carriers may mitigate otherwise inferior outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Genes BRCA1 , Genes BRCA2 , Predisposição Genética para Doença/epidemiologia , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Clin Adv Hematol Oncol ; 12(4): 214-23, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25003351

RESUMO

The demonstrated efficacy of pharmacologic antiestrogen therapy in treating hormone receptor-positive breast cancer has changed the landscape of treatment for the majority of women with metastatic disease, providing them with a well-tolerated therapeutic alternative to surgical oophorectomy and chemotherapy. A multitude of clinical trials have evaluated the various endocrine agents alone or in combination. Studies have established ovarian suppression as key for the management of premenopausal metastatic breast cancer patients, and aromatase inhibitor therapy as first-line treatment for their postmenopausal counterparts. Fulvestrant (Faslodex, AstraZeneca) has also been found to be efficacious and has been studied in the first-line and second-line settings. De novo and acquired endocrine therapy resistance represent a major challenge to the ongoing treatment of patients with hormone receptor-positive disease; strategies to circumvent or delay resistance, including the use of combination endocrine therapy and endocrine therapy with agents targeting various growth-factor signaling pathways, represent an active area of investigation. This review provides a summary of the various landmark trials that have established our current standards of practice in the management of patients with hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer. A discussion of future directions and ongoing studies is also provided.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos
12.
Womens Health (Lond) ; 9(4): 351-60, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23826776

RESUMO

Greater than 70% of human breast cancers express the androgen receptor (AR). Emerging preclinical and clinical data suggest that AR may play a role in breast cancer pathogenesis and may serve as a therapeutic target in certain more difficult-to-treat breast cancer subtypes, such as triple-negative breast cancer. Although this is an area of active investigation, the clinical significance of this hormone receptor as a prognostic/predictive marker and its functional role in tumorigenesis is unclear. This review provides an update on the advances made in the last several years regarding the role of AR as a prognostic/predictive biomarker in breast cancer, the underlying biology of AR signaling in breast cancer development and the available clinical data for the use of androgen inhibition in the treatment of AR(+) triple-negative breast cancer.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Andrógenos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Antagonistas de Receptores de Andrógenos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo
13.
Indian J Pharmacol ; 43(6): 656-61, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22144769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Aqueous root extract of Oroxylum indicum was evaluated in rats against dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (DNBS) induced colitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were pre-treated orally for seven days and continued for four days after the induction of colitis with OI(aq) (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg) or vehicle. Colitis was induced by intracolonic instillation of 25 mg of DNBS per rat dissolved in 50% alcohol and 4 days later, the colonic mucosal damage was analyzed along with food intake, body weight, colon weight, spleen weight, histological damage, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, reduced glutathione (GSH), and nitric oxide levels in colonic tissue homogenate. RESULTS: Significant reduction in gross damage area, weight loss and increase in colonic and spleen weight were evident in test substance-pretreated animals' dose dependently as compared to vehicle treated control. These effects were confirmed biochemically by a reduction in colonic myeloperoxidase activity, malondialdehyde levels, nitric oxide levels, and increase in reduced glutathione (GSH) levels. Furthermore, microscopic examination revealed diminution of inflammatory cell infiltration and submucosal edema in colon segments of rats treated with OI(aq). CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate the protective effect of OI(aq) in the animal model of acute colitis possibly through an antioxidant, anti-lipoperoxidative or due to reduction in nitric oxide generation.

14.
J AAPOS ; 13(5): 438-45, 2009 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19840720

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To review findings from the authors' published studies involving telemedicine and image analysis for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) diagnosis. METHODS: Twenty-two ROP experts interpreted a set of 34 wide-angle retinal images for presence of plus disease. For each image, a reference standard diagnosis was defined from expert consensus. A computer-based system was used to measure individual and linear combinations of image parameters for arteries and veins: integrated curvature (IC), diameter, and tortuosity index (TI). Sensitivity, specificity, and receiver operating characteristic areas under the curve (AUC) for plus disease diagnosis were determined for each expert. Sensitivity and specificity curves were calculated for the computer-based system by varying the diagnostic cutoffs for arterial IC and venous diameter. Individual vessels from the original 34 images were identified with particular diagnostic cutoffs, and combined into composite wide-angle images using graphics editing software. RESULTS: For plus disease diagnosis, expert sensitivity ranged from 0.308-1.000, specificity from 0.571-1.000, and AUC from 0.784 to 1.000. Among computer system parameters, one linear combination had AUC 0.967, which was greater than that of 18 of 22 (81.8%) experts. Composite computer-generated images were produced using the arterial IC and venous diameter values associated with 75% under-diagnosis of plus disease (ie, 25% sensitivity cutoff), 50% under-diagnosis of plus disease (ie, 50% sensitivity cutoff), and 25% under-diagnosis of plus disease (ie, 75% sensitivity cutoff). CONCLUSIONS: Computer-based image analysis has the potential to diagnose severe ROP with comparable or better accuracy than experts, and could provide added value to telemedicine systems. Future quantitative definitions of plus disease might improve diagnostic objectivity.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Oftalmoscopia , Retinopatia da Prematuridade/diagnóstico , Telemedicina , Humanos , Recém-Nascido
15.
Cancer Biol Ther ; 8(12): 1095-1100, 2009 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19652524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria have not been validated in patients with hematologic malignancies (HM). OBJECTIVE: To determine whether daily assessment of SIRS criteria allows early identification of HM patients who will develop septic shock (SS). DESIGN: Observational, single-center,nested case-control study. SETTING: Oncology unit of a tertiary care center. PATIENTS: 547 consecutive, hospitalized, HM subject were enrolled. Using incidence-density sampling, 184 controls were matched to 46 SS cases. MEASUREMENTS: The study exposure was the SIRS score. The study outcome was the development of SS during the hospitalization. MAIN RESULTS: 8.4% of subjects developed SS. SIRS scores measured 24 hours prior to SS were significantly higher in cases than in controls (2.1 vs. 1.4,p<0.0001). Using standard SIRS cutpoints, fever, tachypnea and tachycardia were each associated with the onset of SS. Population-specific SIRS criteria were empirically derived. LIMITATIONS: Single-center study. Further validation is warranted. CONCLUSIONS: SIRS can identify HM patients at risk for SS at least 24 hours before SS onset. These data may lead to evidence-based guidelines using routine vital signs to risk-stratify HM patients for SS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Choque Séptico/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Curva ROC , Choque Séptico/sangue , Choque Séptico/prevenção & controle
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