Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 39
Filtrar
1.
Childs Nerv Syst ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33442758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A 13-year-old female patient was diagnosed with a tectal glioma (TG), a subgroup of astrocytoma that can result in obstructive hydrocephalus secondary to aqueductal stenosis. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is used to treat this type of hydrocephalus with a good success rate. Our institution performs ETV and Ommaya reservoir (OR) placement in these cases. The OR allows measurement of intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) access and a method for performing ventricular dye studies to evaluate third ventricular stoma (TVS) patency. In this case, a porencephalic cyst (PC) developed around the OR's ventricular catheter (OVC) two and a half months after surgery. CONCLUSION: The PC is thought to have developed in association with TVS stoma closure and resolved after ETV revision.

2.
Case Rep Oncol ; 13(3): 1131-1135, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082759

RESUMO

Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) is a rare sarcoma, which commonly presents as a slow-growing, painless mass. There are only a few hundred reported FDCS cases, and the role for adjuvant chemo- or radiation therapy has not been established. Choosing an appropriate therapy in disseminated disease can therefore be challenging. A 26-year-old patient with FDCS was admitted with dyspnea, fever, and night sweats. He was found to have a large right hemothorax with compressive atelectasis on initial imaging. CT of the chest revealed multiple bilateral lung and pleural nodules with associated bilateral hilar adenopathy, a hypodense mass within the right hemithorax, and necrotic right external iliac and inguinal nodes. Inguinal node biopsy diagnosed FDCS. The patient was initially treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone chemotherapy. Gemcitabine/Taxotere was given as second-line therapy and pembrolizumab as third-line therapy, with continued disease progression after 2 cycles of both regimens. The patient was switched to fourth-line therapy with pazopanib and had a partial response for 9 months. This case illustrates a successful FDCS treatment with pazopanib. Due to the rarity of FDCS, where large studies comparing treatment approaches are not available, recommendations for optimal treatment are not well defined. This case is in support of growing evidence suggesting that FDCS responds to systemic therapies that are used for soft tissue sarcoma, such as pazopanib.

3.
World Neurosurg ; 144: 293-298.e15, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32818695

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A review of endovascular cerebral mycotic aneurysm treatment with Onyx liquid embolic, N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA), or coil embolization has not been reported. The authors conduct a systematic review on endovascular treatment methods of mycotic aneurysms. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using the PubMed and MEDLINE databases for studies published between 1986 and 2020. All studies assessing outcomes related to endovascular Onyx embolization, NBCA embolization, or coiling were included. RESULTS: A total of 73 studies were ultimately selected including 180 (67% male) patients comprising 243 aneurysms treated endovascularly. The mean age was 38.2 ± 17.6 years, and the most common symptom on presentation was headache (31%). Most aneurysms were located on the middle cerebral artery (52.5%), and over half presented with rupture (53.8%). Coiling was the most commonly employed technique (50.4%), and obliteration rates were comparable across coiling, NBCA, and Onyx (99.1%, 100%, 100%, respectively). Complication rates were also comparable (4.3% vs. 15.2% vs. 8.1%). CONCLUSIONS: Embolization for infectious intracranial aneurysm appears to be an effective treatment option for mycotic aneurysms. Embolization rates were comparable among coiling, NBCA, and Onyx embolization. Noninferiority among these modalities cannot be demonstrated given the retrospective nature of this review, evolution of endovascular techniques over the years, and changes in treatment paradigms in the past 2 decades. Ideally, further prospective research will be necessary to find which treatment method offers the lowest complication rates and the best outcomes for patients with mycotic aneurysms.

4.
Chemosphere ; 256: 127042, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450352

RESUMO

Carbon nanotube (CNT) applications are increasing in consumer products, including agriculture devices, making them an important contaminant to study in the field of plant nanotoxicology. Several studies have observed the uptake and effects of CNTs in plants. However, in other studies differing results were observed on growth and physiology depending on the plant species and type of CNT. This study focused on the effects of CNTs on plant phenotype with growth, time to flowering, fruiting time as endpoints, and physiology, through amino acid and phytohormone content, in tomato after exposure to multiple types of CNTs. Plants grown in CNT-contaminated soil exhibited a delay in early growth and flowering (especially in treatments of 1 mg/kg multi-walled nanotubes (MWNTs), 10 mg/kg MWNTs, and 1 mg/kg MWNTs-COOH). However, CNTs did not affect plant growth or height later in the life cycle. No significant differences in abscisic acid (ABA) and citrulline content were observed between the treated and control plants. However, single-walled nanotube (SWNT) exposure significantly increased salicylic acid (SA) content in tomato. These results suggest that SWNTs may elicit a stress response in tomatoes. Results from this study offer more insight into how plants respond and acclimate to CNTs. These results will lead to a better understanding of CNT impact on plant phenotype and physiology.


Assuntos
Lycopersicon esculentum/fisiologia , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Frutas , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo
5.
World Neurosurg ; 139: 337-342, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32339736

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intradural ependymal cysts are benign, fluid-filled cysts usually situated along the ventral surface of the spinal cord. There are previous reports of 19 intradural cysts in the literature, including one cyst of the filum terminale. Here, we report for the first time the presence of a radiographically occult filum terminale cyst associated with a myxopapillary ependymoma. We propose that mobility of the tumor may provide indirect evidence of the presence of a cyst. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 65-year-old male patient presented with a homogenously enhancing ovoid mass measuring 25 mm × 10 mm within the thecal sac at the L3 through L4 levels. Repeat magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated migration of the tumor 12 mm rostrally. Following the L2 through L4 laminectomy and resection of the intradural tumor, we identified a filum terminale ependymal cyst superior to the tumor, which was also resected. CONCLUSIONS: Ependymal cysts associated with spinal tumors are rare and may be radiographically occult. The change in cyst size may explain tumor mobility. Complete resection of the cyst and histopathologic analysis is recommended to differentiate between ependymal cyst and cystic tumor tissue.


Assuntos
Cauda Equina/patologia , Ependimoma/patologia , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/patologia , Idoso , Cauda Equina/cirurgia , Cistos/patologia , Cistos/cirurgia , Ependimoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Laminectomia , Masculino , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/cirurgia
6.
ACS Nano ; 14(5): 5314-5323, 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32202753

RESUMO

Structural electrodes made of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and aramid nanofiber (ANF) are promising candidates for future structural supercapacitors. In this study, the influence of nanoarchitecture on the effective ionic diffusivity, porosity, and tortuosity in rGO/ANF structural electrodes is investigated through multiphysics computational modeling. Two specific nanoarchitectures, namely, "house of cards" and "layered" structures, are evaluated. The results obtained from nanoarchitecture computational modeling are compared to the porous media approach and show that the widely used porous electrode theories, such as Bruggeman or Millington-Quirk relations, overestimate the effective diffusion coefficient. Also, the results from nanoarchitecture modeling are validated with experimental measurements obtained from electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. The effective diffusion coefficients obtained from nanoarchitectural modeling show better agreement with experimental measurements. Evaluation of microscopic properties such as porosity, tortuosity, and effective diffusivity through both experiment and simulation is essential to understand the material behavior and to improve its performance.

7.
Nano Lett ; 20(4): 2310-2315, 2020 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105487

RESUMO

Material extrusion (ME) 3D printing is a revolutionary technique for manufacturing thermoplastic parts; however, the printed parts typically suffer from poor interlayer bonding, which causes weak tensile strength in the build direction. Many methods have been proposed to address the mechanical deficiencies of 3D-printed parts, but most fall short of a production-ready solution. Here we report the use of a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma electrode mounted concentrically around the nozzle of an ME 3D printer for in situ welding of thermoplastic parts. This is the first report of a DBD being used as a non-contact means to induce Joule heating in resistive composite materials. The polymer welding process is accomplished by coupling the DBD with the carbon nanotube-loaded interfaces between the 3D-printed layers. The current passing through the part results in rapid resistive heating of the nanotubes and thermal welding of the interfaces. We show that parts printed with this method have isotropic strength and are equivalent to their injection-molded counterparts.

8.
Environ Pollut ; 259: 113937, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952101

RESUMO

In recent years, reports of plastic debris in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of fish have been well documented in the scientific literature. This, in turn, increased concerns regarding human health exposure to microplastics through the consumption of contaminated fish. Most of the available research regarding microplastic toxicity has focused on marine organisms through direct feeding or waterborne exposures at the individual level. However, little is known about the trophic transfer of microplastics through the aquatic food chain. Freshwater zooplankton Daphnia magna (hereafter Daphnia), and the fathead minnow Pimephales promelas (FHM), are well-known model species used in standard toxicological studies and ecological risk assessments that provide a simple model for trophic transfer. The aim of this study was to assess the tissue translocation, trophic transfer, and depuration of two concentrations (20 and 2000-part ml-1) of 6 µm polystyrene (PS) microplastics particles between Daphnia and FHM. Bioconcentration factors (BCF) and bioaccumulation factors (BAF) were determined. Fluorescent microscopy was used to determine the number of particles in the water media and within the organs of both species. Throughout the five days of exposure, PS particles were only found within the GI tract of both species. The BCF for Daphnia was 0.034 ± 0.005 for the low concentration and 0.026 ± 0.006 for the high concentration. The BAF for FHM was 0.094 ± 0.037 for the low concentration and 0.205 ± 0.051 for the high concentration. Between 72 and 96 h after exposure all microplastic particles were depurated from both species. The presence of food had a significant effect on the depuration of microplastic particles from Daphnia but not for FHM. Based on the low BCF and BAF values for both species, rapid depuration rates, and null translocation of microplastic particles to organs and tissues from the GI tract, there is a low probability that microplastics will bioconcentrate and bioaccumulate under environmental conditions.


Assuntos
Cyprinidae/metabolismo , Daphnia/metabolismo , Microplásticos/metabolismo , Poliestirenos/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Microplásticos/toxicidade , Plásticos , Poliestirenos/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
10.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 319, 2020 01 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31949159

RESUMO

Optimal functioning of neuronal networks is critical to the complex cognitive processes of memory and executive function that deteriorate in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here we use cellular and animal models as well as human biospecimens to show that AD-related stressors mediate global disturbances in dynamic intra- and inter-neuronal networks through pathologic rewiring of the chaperome system into epichaperomes. These structures provide the backbone upon which proteome-wide connectivity, and in turn, protein networks become disturbed and ultimately dysfunctional. We introduce the term protein connectivity-based dysfunction (PCBD) to define this mechanism. Among most sensitive to PCBD are pathways with key roles in synaptic plasticity. We show at cellular and target organ levels that network connectivity and functional imbalances revert to normal levels upon epichaperome inhibition. In conclusion, we provide proof-of-principle to propose AD is a PCBDopathy, a disease of proteome-wide connectivity defects mediated by maladaptive epichaperomes.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Plasticidade Neuronal/fisiologia , Proteoma/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Animais , Encéfalo/patologia , Mapeamento Encefálico , Disfunção Cognitiva/metabolismo , Função Executiva/fisiologia , Feminino , Hipocampo/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Memória/fisiologia , Camundongos , Vias Neurais
11.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 188: 105570, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707290

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Medicaid patient population and health care costs for spine surgeries among these patients have increased since 2010. Hospital length of stay (LOS) contributes appreciably to hospital costs for patients undergoing primary lumbar spine surgery (PLSS). The aim of this study was to identify independent risk factors for increased LOS in patients undergoing PLSS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a single-center retrospective study, we reviewed demographic and clinical data from electronic medical records for 181 consecutive adult patients who underwent PLSS involving 1-3 levels from July 2014 to July 2017. We performed regression analyses to identify independent risk factors for increased LOS and to quantify their effects as percent changes in LOS. RESULTS: Among 181 patients who underwent PLSS, the mean LOS was 3.57 days. Based on the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) and American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) classification, patients with Medicaid insurance were healthier than non-Medicaid patients (mean CCI: 0.34 versus 0.65; p = 0.041, ASA: 1.71 versus 1.91; p = 0.046) yet Medicaid patients had a longer LOS compared with non-Medicaid patients (mean LOS: 4.03 versus 3.30 days; p = 0.047). There was no significant difference in discharge disposition between Medicaid and non-Medicaid patients (Home = 82.35 % versus 79.65 %; p = 0.855). Medicaid patients also had significantly less spinal levels involved in their surgery (1.44 versus 1.67; p = 0.027). Multivariable regression modeling identified independent risk factors positively associated with increased LOS as age (+1.0 % per year; p = 0.007), Medicaid insurance status (+28.7 %; p = 0.007), and CCI (10.1 % per increment in CCI; p = 0.030). Fusion surgery also was an independent risk factor for increased LOS when compared with laminectomy (-54.1 %; p < 0.001) or discectomy (-51.3 %; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Increasing age, Medicaid insurance status, higher CCI, and fusion surgery were independently associated with increased LOS after PLSS. This information is useful for preoperative patient counseling, shared decision-making, and risk stratification and may help to further ongoing discussion regarding contributors to rising health care costs. Findings of increased LOS among Medicaid patients will help direct efforts to identify factors that contribute to this health care expense.

12.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 560: 581-588, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679786

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: Self-assembled graphene hydrogels are notable in the field of electrochemical energy storage for their unique combination of excellent specific surface area, high porosity, and electrically conductive continuous network. However, graphene hydrogels suffer from poor mechanical integrity compared to layered architectures like graphene buckypapers, limiting their applications in practical devices. We propose the use of high strength, Kevlar®-derived polymeric nanofillers, aramid nanofibers (ANFs) as structural fillers to enhance graphene hydrogel's shear modulus in the context of multifunctional (mechanical and electrochemical) architectures. EXPERIMENTS: Graphene hydrogels are fabricated using sol-gel self-assembly of graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets in presence of ammonium hydroxide. Colloidal dispersion of ANFs and GO are integrated using a novel combination of solvent exchange and dialysis approach to fabricate GO-ANF hydrogels with 0-15 wt.% of ANFs loading (dry weight basis). Shear modulus and electrochemical properties of resulting hydrogel composites are evaluated using rheology and symmetric supercapacitor cell. FINDINGS: The addition of 2 wt.% ANFs resulted in an 80% improvement in shear modulus compared to neat graphene hydrogel. Addition of ANFs resulted in gradual reduction of specific capacitance, with the specific capacitance of 190 F/g for neat graphene hydrogel, reducing to 128 F/g for an ANF loading of 15 wt.% (dry weight basis). This work shows the broader concept that adding high-strength nanofibers to a nanomaterial gel can add reinforcement provided that the gelation process itself is not disrupted.

13.
World Neurosurg ; 134: 518-531, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542444

RESUMO

Aneurysm clips are indispensable tools in the armamentarium of vascular neurosurgeons. The history of the development of aneurysm clips is witness to ingenuity and tenacity in treating a potentially devastating disease. Few know the stories of their innovators and the inspiration behind their designs. Hence, we present this historical vignette in an attempt to shed more light on the pioneers who shaped the evolution of aneurysm clips as we know them. A comprehensive literature search was performed using PubMed, Google Scholar, Google Books, and library historical archives, as well as personal communications with relatives, colleagues, and institutions of the surgeon-designers. We present the following aneurysm clip innovators and chronicle their biographies and contributions: Herbert Olivecrona (1891-1980), Frank Mayfield (1908-1991), Charles Drake (1920-1998), Joseph McFadden (1920-present), Thoralf Sundt Jr. (1930-1992), William M. Lougheed (1923-2004), William B. Scoville (1906-1984), Milton D. Heifetz (1921-2015), Gazi Yasargil (1925-present), Kenichiro Sugita (1932-1994), and Robert Spetzler (1944-present). Although this compilation of eponymous clips is by no means complete, we hope that it provides an informative historical perspective and an inspiration for aspiring neurosurgeons. The history of aneurysm surgery, an entity once deemed inoperable, teaches us the importance of innovation in medicine.


Assuntos
Aneurisma/cirurgia , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos/história , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/história , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/instrumentação , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos
14.
Cancer Cell ; 36(5): 559-573.e7, 2019 11 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668946

RESUMO

Alterations in protein-protein interaction networks are at the core of malignant transformation but have yet to be translated into appropriate diagnostic tools. We make use of the kinetic selectivity properties of an imaging probe to visualize and measure the epichaperome, a pathologic protein-protein interaction network. We are able to assay and image epichaperome networks in cancer and their engagement by inhibitor in patients' tumors at single-lesion resolution in real time, and demonstrate that quantitative evaluation at the level of individual tumors can be used to optimize dose and schedule selection. We thus provide preclinical and clinical evidence in the use of this theranostic platform for precision medicine targeting of the aberrant properties of protein networks.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Chaperonas Moleculares/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Esquema de Medicação , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Camundongos , Chaperonas Moleculares/metabolismo , Imagem Molecular , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/patologia , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas/métodos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Nanomedicina Teranóstica/métodos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
15.
Pediatr Neurosurg ; 54(2): 75-84, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30844793

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Occipitocervical distraction injuries (OCDI) in children occur on a wide spectrum of severity, and decisions about treatment suffer from a lack of rigorous guidelines and significant inter-institutional variability. While clear cases of frank atlanto-occipital dislocation (AOD) are treated with surgical stabilization, the approach for less severe cases of OCDI is not standardized. These patients require a careful assessment of both radiographic and clinical criteria, as part of a complex risk-benefit analysis, to establish whether occipitocervical fusion (OCF) is indicated. Here, we performed a systematic review of the literature that describes traumatic OCDI in children < 18 years of age. SUMMARY: We performed a systematic review, according to PRISMA guidelines, of children < 18 years of age presenting with traumatic etiologies of OCDI. We searched PubMed to identify papers congruent with these criteria. Exclusion criteria included (1) reports on atraumatic causes of OCDI and (2) studies with insufficient clinical and radiographic details on individual patients. We identified 16 reports describing a total of 144 patients treated for pediatric traumatic OCDI. Based on the synthesis of these findings and the collective experience of the authors, we present the demographic, clinical, and radiographic factors that underlie OC instability, which we hope will serve as components of a grading system in the future. We considered various clinical and radiographic findings including: (1) the mechanism of injury, (2) the patient's age, (3) CT/CT angiography of head and neck findings and parameters, (4) MRI findings, and (5) neurological exam, for the purpose of determining the severity of the OCDI and offering treatment guidelines based on the summative risk of underlying OC instability. Key Messages: OCDI is a potentially devastating injury, especially in children. Although missing the diagnosis can have potentially catastrophic consequences, reverting to surgical fixation in less severe cases can subject children to unnecessary operative risk and permanently reduce their range of motion. After reviewing all the available reports of pediatric traumatic OCDI in the neurosurgical literature, we propose an outline of clinical and radiographic factors influencing underlying OC instability that could be incorporated into a grading scale to guide treatment. We hope this study stimulates discussion on the standardization of treatment for pediatric OCDI.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais/lesões , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Osso Occipital/lesões , Osso Occipital/cirurgia , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Humanos , Luxações Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Occipital/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
J Neurosurg Pediatr ; 23(3): 333-342, 2018 12 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30544335

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE In this clinical trial report, the authors analyze safety and infusion distribution of IL13-Pseudomonas exotoxin, an antitumor chimeric molecule, administered via intratumoral convection enhanced delivery (CED) in pediatric patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG). METHODS This was a Phase I single-institution, open-label, dose-escalation, safety and tolerability study of IL13-PE38QQR infused via single-catheter CED into 5 pediatric DIPG patients. IL13-PE38QQR was administered to regions of tumor selected by radiographic findings. Two escalating dose levels were evaluated: 0.125 µg/mL in cohort 1 and 0.25 µg/mL in cohort 2. Real-time MRI was performed during intratumoral infusions, and MRI and MR spectroscopy were performed before and after the infusions. Clinical evaluations, including parent-reported quality of life (QOL), were assessed at baseline and 4 weeks post-infusion. RESULTS Direct infusion of brainstem tumor with IL13-PE using the CED technique in patients with DIPG produced temporary arrest of disease progression in 2 of 5 patients, both of whom subsequently received a second infusion. All 5 patients showed signs of disease progression by 12 weeks after initial infusion. Two patients experienced transient cranial nerve deficits and lethargy after infusion, and these deficits resolved with corticosteroid treatment in both cases. No patient had radiographic evidence of acute or long-term treatment toxicity. Parent-reported QOL was consistent with medical outcomes. CONCLUSIONS Even though IL13-PE delivered by CED did not reach the entire MRI-defined tumor volume in any patient, short-term radiographic antitumor effects were observed in 2 of the 5 patients treated. The patients' performance status did not improve. Drug delivery using multiple catheters may produce improved outcomes. Clinical trial registration no.: NCT00088061 (clinicaltrials.gov) ABBREVIATIONS CED = convection-enhanced delivery; DIPG = diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma; IL-13 = interleukin 13; IL13R = IL-13 receptor; IPI = Impact of Pediatric Illness; KPS = Karnofsky Performance Status; LPS = Lansky Performance Status; MRS = MR spectroscopy; NAA = n-acetyl aspartate; QOL = quality of life; Vd = volume of distribution; Vi = volume of infusion.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Tronco Encefálico/terapia , Exotoxinas/administração & dosagem , Exotoxinas/efeitos adversos , Glioma/terapia , Interleucina-13/administração & dosagem , Interleucina-13/efeitos adversos , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias do Tronco Encefálico/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Progressão da Doença , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Infusões Intralesionais/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética Intervencionista/métodos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Pseudomonas , Qualidade de Vida , Retratamento , Fatores de Tempo
17.
BMC Plant Biol ; 18(1): 380, 2018 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30594150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing the productivity of rapeseed as one of the widely cultivated oil crops in the world is of upmost importance. As flowering time and plant architecture play a key role in the regulation of rapeseed yield, understanding the genetic mechanism underlying these traits can boost the rapeseed breeding. Meristem identity genes are known to have pleiotropic effects on plant architecture and seed yield in various crops. To understand the function of one of the meristem identity genes, APETALA1 (AP1) in rapeseed, we performed phenotypic analysis of TILLING mutants under greenhouse conditions. Three stop codon mutant families carrying a mutation in Bna.AP1.A02 paralog were analyzed for different plant architecture and seed yield-related traits. RESULTS: It was evident that stop codon mutation in the K domain of Bna.AP1.A02 paralog caused significant changes in flower morphology as well as plant architecture related traits like plant height, branch height, and branch number. Furthermore, yield-related traits like seed yield per plant and number of seeds per plants were also significantly altered in the same mutant family. Apart from phenotypic changes, stop codon mutation in K domain of Bna.AP1.A02 paralog also altered the expression of putative downstream target genes like Bna.TFL1 and Bna.FUL in shoot apical meristem (SAM) of rapeseed. Mutant plants carrying stop codon mutations in the COOH domain of Bna.AP1.A02 paralog did not have a significant effect on plant architecture, yield-related traits or the expression of the downstream targets. CONCLUSIONS: We found that Bna.AP1.A02 paralog has pleiotropic effect on plant architecture and yield-related traits in rapeseed. The allele we found in the current study with a beneficial effect on seed yield can be incorporated into rapeseed breeding pool to develop new varieties.


Assuntos
Brassica napus/genética , Genes de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Domínio MADS/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Brassica napus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Brassica napus/fisiologia , Códon/genética , Flores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Genes de Plantas/fisiologia , Proteínas de Domínio MADS/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/fisiologia , Característica Quantitativa Herdável , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Sementes/genética , Alinhamento de Sequência , Homologia de Sequência , Transcriptoma
18.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 4345, 2018 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30341316

RESUMO

Environmental and genetic risk factors contribute to Parkinson's Disease (PD) pathogenesis and the associated midbrain dopamine (mDA) neuron loss. Here, we identify early PD pathogenic events by developing methodology that utilizes recent innovations in human pluripotent stem cells (hPSC) and chemical sensors of HSP90-incorporating chaperome networks. We show that events triggered by PD-related genetic or toxic stimuli alter the neuronal proteome, thereby altering the stress-specific chaperome networks, which produce changes detected by chemical sensors. Through this method we identify STAT3 and NF-κB signaling activation as examples of genetic stress, and phospho-tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activation as an example of toxic stress-induced pathways in PD neurons. Importantly, pharmacological inhibition of the stress chaperome network reversed abnormal phospho-STAT3 signaling and phospho-TH-related dopamine levels and rescued PD neuron viability. The use of chemical sensors of chaperome networks on hPSC-derived lineages may present a general strategy to identify molecular events associated with neurodegenerative diseases.


Assuntos
Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/metabolismo , Mesencéfalo/metabolismo , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/fisiologia , Mesencéfalo/patologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico
19.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 14525, 2018 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30266957

RESUMO

Electrochemical exfoliation is a promising bulk method for producing graphene from graphite; in this method, an applied voltage drives ionic species to intercalate into graphite where they form gaseous species that expand and exfoliate individual graphene sheets. However, a number of obstacles have prevented this approach from becoming a feasible production route; the disintegration of the graphite electrode as the method progresses is the chief difficulty. Here we show that if graphite powders are contained and compressed within a permeable and expandable containment system, the graphite powders can be continuously intercalated, expanded, and exfoliated to produce graphene. Our data indicate both high yield (65%) and extraordinarily large lateral size (>30 µm) in the as-produced graphene. We also show that this process is scalable and that graphene yield efficiency depends solely on reactor geometry, graphite compression, and electrolyte transport.

20.
World Neurosurg ; 119: e922-e927, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30099188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Decompressive hemicraniectomy to control medically refractory intracranial hypertension and cerebral edema and evacuate mass lesions in traumatic brain injury is a widely accepted treatment paradigm. However, the critical specifications of the bone flap size necessary to control the intracranial pressure (ICP) and provide improved patient outcomes is unknown. We assessed the effect of craniectomy size on the outcomes in surgical decompression for traumatic brain injury. METHODS: From 2003 to 2011, 58 cases of decompressive hemicraniectomy were performed for evacuation of hematoma and treatment of refractory ICP in adult patients with traumatic brain injury. The surface area of the decompressive bone flaps was calculated from the postoperative computed tomography scans and correlated with the ICP and Glasgow Coma Scale scores immediately postoperatively and during long-term follow-up. RESULTS: Decompressive craniectomy led to a statistically significant continued reduction in the preoperative ICP values (24.5 mm Hg; range, 5-30 mm Hg) compared with the postoperative ICP (16.7 mm Hg; range, 1-30; P = 0.006). However, no significant improvement in the preoperative Glasgow Coma Scale (7.47 mm Hg; range, 3-15; vs. 7.50 mm Hg; range, 3-15; P = 0.96) was observed with hemicraniectomy. CONCLUSION: For surface areas of 7000-16,000 mm2, size was an independent factor in ICP reduction but not for the overall neurologic outcome.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/cirurgia , Craniectomia Descompressiva/métodos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Transplante Ósseo/métodos , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Hipertensão Intracraniana/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...