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1.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32247780

RESUMO

The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery Database is the most mature and comprehensive database in cardiac surgery and one of the most respected clinical data registries in health care. It is widely acknowledged for accurately benchmarking risk-adjusted outcomes and serving as the foundation for quality measurement and improvement activities in cardiac surgery. In addition, the database is a valuable resource for novel research. The advent of the database's fourth decade in operation is being heralded with major revisions to its functionality, ease of use, and value to multiple stakeholders. This report is the fifth in a series of annual reports that provides updated national outcomes, volume trends and database-related developments, as well as a summary of research performed in the past year using data from this valuable repository on quality and performance improvement.

6.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105714

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimal methods to assess resource utilization in congenital heart surgery remain unclear. We compared traditional cost-to-charge ratio methods with newer standardized cost methods that aim to more directly assess resources consumed. METHODS: Clinical data from The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Database were linked with resource use data from the Pediatric Health Information Systems Database (2010 to 2015). Standardized cost methods specific to the congenital heart surgery population were developed and compared with cost-to-charge ratio methods. Resource use in the overall population and variability across hospitals were described using hierarchical mixed effect models adjusting for case-mix. RESULTS: Overall, 43 hospitals (65,331 patients) were included. There were minimal population-level differences in the distribution of resource use as estimated by the two methods. At the hospital level, there was less apparent variability in resource use across centers with the standardized cost vs cost-to-charge ratio method, overall (coefficient of variation 20% vs 25%) and across complexity (The Society of Thoracic Surgeons-European Association for Cardiothoracic Surgery [STAT]) categories. When hospitals were categorized into tertiles by resource use, 33% changed classification depending on which resource use method was used (26% by one tertile and 7% by two tertiles). CONCLUSIONS: In this first evaluation of standardized cost methodology in the congenital heart population, we found minimal differences vs traditional methods at the population level. At the hospital level, the magnitude of variation in resource use was less with standardized cost methods, and approximately one third of centers changed resource use categories depending on the methodology used. Because of these differences, care should be taken in future studies and in benchmarking and reporting efforts in selecting optimal methodology.

8.
Health Serv Res ; 55(2): 259-272, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate risk-adjusted, 30-day postdischarge heart failure mortality and readmission rates stratified by hospital teaching intensity. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SETTING: A total of 709 221 Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries discharged from 3135 US hospitals between 1/1/2013 and 11/30/2014 with a principal diagnosis of heart failure. STUDY DESIGN: Hospitals were classified as Council of Teaching Hospitals and Health Systems (COTH) major teaching hospitals, non-COTH teaching hospitals, and nonteaching hospitals. Hospital teaching status was linked with MedPAR patient data and FY2016 Hospital Readmission Reduction Program penalties. Index hospitalization survival probabilities were estimated with hierarchical logistic regression and used to stratify index hospitalization survivors into severity deciles. Decile-specific models were estimated for 30-day postdischarge readmission and mortality. Thirty-day postdischarge outcomes were estimated by teaching intensity and penalty categories. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Averaged across deciles, adjusted 30-day COTH hospital readmission rates were, on a relative scale ([COTH minus nonteaching] ÷ nonteaching), 1.63 percent higher (95% CI: 0.89 percent, 2.25 percent) than at nonteaching hospitals, but their average adjusted 30-day postdischarge mortality rates were 11.55 percent lower (95% CI: -13.78 percent, -9.37 percent). Penalized COTH hospitals had the highest readmission rates of all categories (23.99 percent [95% CI: 23.50 percent, 24.49 percent]) but the lowest 30-day postdischarge mortality (8.30 percent [95% CI: 7.99 percent, 8.57 percent] vs 9.84 percent [95% CI: 9.69 percent, 9.99 percent] for nonpenalized, nonteaching hospitals). CONCLUSIONS: Heart failure readmission penalties disproportionately impact major teaching hospitals and inadequately credit their better postdischarge survival.

9.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 109(3): 848-855, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) General Thoracic Surgery Database (GTSD) has developed composite quality measures for lobectomy and esophagectomy. This study sought to develop a composite measure including all resections for lung cancer. METHODS: The STS lung cancer composite score is based on 2 outcomes: risk-adjusted mortality and morbidity. GTSD data were included from January 2015 to December 2017. "Star ratings" were created for centers with 30 or more cases by using 95% Bayesian credible intervals. The Bayesian model was performed with and without inclusion of the minimally invasive approach to assess the impact of approach on the composite measure. RESULTS: The study population included 38,461 patients from 256 centers. Overall operative mortality was 1.3% (495 of 38,461). The major complication rate was 7.9% (3045 of 38,461). The median number of nodes examined was 10 (interquartile range, 5 to 16); the median number of nodal stations sampled was 4 (interquartile range, 3 to 5). Positive resection margins were identified in 3.7% (1420 of 38,461). A total of 214 centers with 30 or more cases were assigned star ratings. There were 7 1-star, 194 2-star, and 13 3-star programs; 70.6% of resections were performed through a minimally invasive approach. Inclusion of minimally invasive approach, which was adjusted for in previous models, altered the star ratings for 3% (6 of 214) of the programs. CONCLUSIONS: Participants in the STS GTSD perform lung cancer resection with low morbidity and mortality. Lymph node data suggest that participants are meeting contemporary staging standards. There is wide variability among participants in application of minimally invasive approaches. The study found that risk adjustment for approach altered ratings in 3% of participants.

12.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 108(6): 1625-1632, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654621

RESUMO

The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) National Database was established in 1989 as an initiative for quality improvement and patient safety for cardiothoracic surgery. The STS National Database has 4 components, each focusing on a distinct discipline-Adult Cardiac Surgery, General Thoracic Surgery, Congenital Heart Surgery, and mechanical circulatory support with the STS Interagency Registry for Mechanical Circulatory Support (Intermacs)/Pediatric Interagency Registry for Mechanical Circulatory Support (Pedimacs) Database. In December 2015, The Annals of Thoracic Surgery began publishing a monthly series of scholarly articles on outcomes analysis, quality improvement, and patient safety. This article provides the fourth annual summary of the status of the STS National Database.

14.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539515

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: International collaboration has an interest in health care quality evaluation. We compared characteristics and surgical outcomes between Asian patients in the United States and Japanese patients who undergo adult cardiac surgery. METHODS: Using the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCVSD) and The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) National Database, we compared Asian patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery between 2013 and 2016 in Japan and the United States. The STS had 16,903 Asian patients among 573,823 patients of all races undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery (2.95%); the JCVSD had 55,570 patients, almost all of whom are Japanese. Descriptive statistics were analyzed independently, then the data were aggregated for comparison. RESULTS: The JCVSD patients were older (69 vs 65 years) with a smaller body surface area (1.65 m2 vs 1.81 m2) and body mass index (24 kg/m2 vs 26 kg/m2). The proportion of males (79% vs 78%), prevalence of chronic lung disease (82% vs 86%), and diabetes mellitus (54% vs 60%) were similar. The JCVSD had higher prevalence of renal disease requiring dialysis (11% vs 6%). The numbers of anastomoses were similar (3.1 vs 3.3); off-pump procedures and the usage of right internal mammary artery were more prevalent (60% vs 15% and 38% vs 7%, respectively) in the JCVSD. The unadjusted operative mortality was 2.7% in the JCVSD and 2.1% in the STS database. CONCLUSIONS: Comparisons of coronary artery bypass graft surgery characteristics and outcomes were conducted between the STS National Database and the JCVSD to illustrate the value of international collaboration on adult cardiac surgery databases.

15.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 108(3): 671-679, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31336062

RESUMO

As the largest congenital and pediatric cardiac surgical clinical data registry in the world, The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database (STS CHSD) serves as a platform for reporting of outcomes and for quality improvement. In addition, it is an important source of data for clinical research and for innovations related to quality measurement. Each year, several teams of investigators undertake analyses of data in the STS CHSD pertaining to the surgical management of specific diagnostic and procedural groups, or to specific processes of care, and their associations with patient characteristics and outcomes across centers participating in the STS CHSD. Additional ongoing projects involve the development of new or refined metrics for quality measurement and reporting of outcomes and center-level performance. The STS, through its Workforce for National Databases and the STS Research Center and Workforce on Research Development provides multiple pathways through which investigators may propose and perform outcomes research projects based on STS CHSD data. This report reviews research published within the past year.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/normas , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Sistema de Registros , Sociedades Médicas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/tendências , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Melhoria de Qualidade , Cirurgiões/normas , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255341
17.
Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf ; 45(7): 466-479, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182295

RESUMO

In 1989 the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) initiated the STS National Database, which subsequently became the cornerstone of a multifaceted STS quality program. METHODS: The STS quality program is overseen by the STS Council on Quality, Research, and Patient Safety, which has four components. The Workforce on Research Development, in collaboration with the STS Research Center, coordinates clinical research based on the STS National Database, all of which is focused on improving clinical outcomes. The Workforce on Evidence Based Surgery develops clinical practice guidelines and expert consensus documents to foster the use of best practices. The Workforce on Patient Safety disseminates high-reliability practices from within and outside health care to improve the safety of cardiothoracic surgical care. The Workforce on National Databases consists of four subspecialty registries (adult cardiac, congenital cardiac, general thoracic, mechanical circulatory support [Intermacs and Pedimacs]) and multiple functionally oriented task forces (Quality Measurement, Quality Initiatives, Public Reporting, Informatics, Patient-Reported Outcomes, and Aortic Surgery). RESULTS: Between 1998 and 2016, the rates of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery adverse outcomes decreased substantially, including operative mortality (-31.3%), renal failure (-56.3%), stroke (-43.5%), reoperation (-65.7%), and sternal infection (-50.0%). Comparable increases in process measure compliance included internal mammary artery use (32%), preoperative beta-blocker use (83.1%), discharge antiplatelet drugs (22.9%), discharge antilipid drugs (78.6%), and discharge beta-blockers (54.1%). CONCLUSION: The STS quality program has achieved remarkable, continuing improvements in patient safety and quality over several decades. The components of this program can be replicated by other health care professional societies to advance quality and safety for their patient populations.

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