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1.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 12(6): 585-590, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A Pipeline embolization device (PED; Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland) can be deployed using either a biaxial or a triaxial catheter delivery system. OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of these two catheter delivery systems for intracranial aneurysm treatment with the PED. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients undergoing PED deployment with biaxial or triaxial catheter systems between 2014 and 2016 was conducted. Experienced neurointerventionalists performed the procedures. Patients who received multiple PEDs or adjunctive coils were excluded. The two groups were compared for PED deployment time, total fluoroscopy time, patient radiation exposure, complications, and cost. RESULTS: Eighty-two patients with 89 intracranial aneurysms were treated with one PED each. In 49 cases, PEDs were deployed using biaxial access; triaxial access was used in 33 cases. Time (min) from guide catheter run to PED deployment was significantly shorter in the biaxial group (24.0±18.7 vs 38.4±31.1, P=0.006) as was fluoroscopy time (28.8±23.0 vs 50.3±27.1, P=0.001). Peak radiation skin exposure (mGy) in the biaxial group was less than in the triaxial group (1243.7±808.2 vs 2074.6±1505.6, P=0.003). No statistically significant differences were observed in transient and permanent complication rates or modified Rankin Scale scores at 30 days. The triaxial access system cost more than the biaxial access system (average $3285 vs $1790, respectively). Occlusion rates at last follow-up (mean 6 months) were similar between the two systems (average 88.1%: biaxial, 89.2%: triaxial). CONCLUSION: Our results indicate near-equivalent safety and effectiveness between biaxial and triaxial approaches. Some reductions in cost and procedure time were noted with the biaxial system.

2.
World Neurosurg ; 134: e224-e236, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629138

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Studies have begun investigating grit (continued fortitude in the face of hardship) and resilience (ability to recover from a setback) and their relationship to burnout (emotional exhaustion [EE] caused by prolonged stress or frustration) within medicine. We investigated the prevalence of burnout among neurosurgery residents and aimed to determine the relationship among burnout, grit, and resilience. METHODS: We surveyed U.S. neurosurgical residents to perform a discretional analysis of prevalence of burnout. Multivariate analysis was performed to determine which variables were associated with higher and lower levels of EE, depersonalization (DP), personal accomplishment (PA), burnout, grit, and resilience. RESULTS: Of 1385 U.S. neurosurgery residents, 427 (30.8%) responded to our survey. Burnout prevalence was 33.0% (95% confidence interval, 28.6%-37.7%). High grit was associated with U.S. graduates (P = 0.006), married residents (P = 0.025), and fewer social/personal stressors (P = 0.003). Lower resilience was associated with female sex (P = 0.006), whereas higher resilience was associated with international medical graduates (P = 0.017) and fewer social/personal stressors (P = 0.005). High burnout was associated with greater social/personal stressors (P = 0.002), clinical rotations (P = 0.001), and lack of children (P = 0.016). There were positive correlations between EE and DP and among PA, grit, and resilience. There were negative correlations for EE and DP with PA, grit, and resilience and between grit/resilience and burnout. CONCLUSIONS: There is an inverse relationship between grit/resilience and burnout. Increased social/personal stressors are associated with increased levels of burnout and decreased grit and resilience. Grit and resilience are higher when social and personal stressors are decreased, indicating that these characteristics may fluctuate over time.

3.
J Vasc Surg ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740187

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Endovascular treatment has largely replaced open reconstruction of proximal brachiocephalic and left common carotid ostial arterial stenoses. The objective of this study was to report the technical feasibility and safety of a flow-based embolic protection system in stenting of single and tandem stenotic lesions of supra-aortic arch vessels. METHODS: All cases used flow-based neuroprotection by the ENROUTE Transcarotid Neuroprotection System (Silk Road Medical, Sunnyvale, Calif). Case specifics, such as the stents used, the details of flow-based neuroprotection, the order in which lesions were treated, and the case-specific exceptions, are detailed in the body of the publication. The primary end point of this study was the occurrence of stroke or transient ischemic attack. RESULTS: Sixteen patients (12 women) with an average age of 68 years (range, 54-83 years) underwent endovascular stenting to treat single (11 patients) or tandem (5 patients) stenotic lesions of supra-aortic arch vessels. A total of 21 lesions were treated: 7 in the innominate artery, 1 in the right common carotid artery, 8 in the left common carotid artery, and 5 in the internal carotid artery (tandem cases). Eleven patients (69%) were symptomatic, and the stenoses of the five asymptomatic patients were identified during routine workup for comorbidities. Technical success was obtained in all cases. There were no strokes or transient ischemic attacks during the 30 days after the procedure. Minor complications included a minor wound dehiscence that healed secondarily without sequelae and a hematoma at the neck incision that resolved spontaneously without further intervention. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a transcarotid retrograde approach with flow-based neuroprotection is technically feasible for the endovascular stenting of single and tandem stenotic lesions of the supra-aortic arch vessels. These data further support the advantages of a transcarotid approach and flow-based neuroprotection to minimize the risk of intraoperative complications and embolic events during and after the procedure.

4.
World Neurosurg ; 128: e923-e928, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31096030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Concerns exist that neurosurgery might fail to lead the field of endovascular surgical neuroradiology (ESN), as other specialties are allowed to train and practice ESN. This study aimed to assess the current breakdown of specialties and their relative academic productivity in accredited ESN fellowship programs. METHODS: A list of fellowship programs was obtained from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and Committee on Advanced Subspecialty Training directories. Primary specialty (i.e., residency) training for each faculty member in these programs was determined using information provided by the programs. A bibliometric search was performed for each member using Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA). Cumulative and ESN-specific h indices were calculated; h indices were compared between each specialty group and between international medical graduates and US medical graduates, regardless of specialty training. RESULTS: Thirty-one ESN fellowship programs with 88 faculty members were included. Neurosurgeons constituted 61.4% (n = 54) of the total ESN faculty, followed by radiologists with 30.7% (n = 27), and neurologists with 7.9% (n = 7). The mean ESN-specific h index for neurosurgery-trained ESN faculty was 16.2 ± 14.6 compared with 14.4 ± 10.9 for radiologists and 13.0 ± 12.6 for neurologists (P = 0.76). There were 12 IMGs and 76 USMGs. The mean ESN-specific h index was greater for IMGs than USMGs, 24.7 ± 14.3 versus 14.0 ± 12.7 (P = 0.008), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Neurosurgery is leading the ESN field in numbers; however, the h index is not significantly different among ESN faculty based on primary training. The number of IMGs is relatively small, yet IMGs have significantly higher mean h indices.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/educação , Neurocirurgia/educação , Radiocirurgia/educação , Acreditação , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Docentes , Bolsas de Estudo , Internato e Residência , Neurologistas , Neurocirurgiões , Radiologistas
5.
World Neurosurg ; 119: e541-e550, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30075262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Precise morphologic evaluation is important for intracranial aneurysm (IA) management. At present, clinicians manually measure the IA size and neck diameter on 2-dimensional (2D) digital subtraction angiographic (DSA) images and categorize the IA shape as regular or irregular on 3-dimensional (3D)-DSA images, which could result in inconsistency and bias. We investigated whether a computer-assisted 3D analytical approach could improve IA morphology assessment. METHODS: Five neurointerventionists evaluated the size, neck diameter, and shape of 39 IAs using current and computer-assisted 3D approaches. In the computer-assisted 3D approach, the size, neck diameter, and undulation index (UI, a shape irregularity metric) were extracted using semiautomated reconstruction of aneurysm geometry using 3D-DSA, followed by IA neck identification and computerized geometry assessment. RESULTS: The size and neck diameter measured using the manual 2D approach were smaller than computer-assisted 3D measurements by 2.01 mm (P < 0.001) and 1.85 mm (P < 0.001), respectively. Applying the definitions of small IAs (<7 mm) and narrow-necked IAs (<4 mm) from the reported data, interrater variation in manual 2D measurements resulted in inconsistent classification of the size of 14 IAs and the necks of 19 IAs. Visual inspection resulted in an inconsistent shape classification for 23 IAs among the raters. Greater consistency was achieved using the computer-assisted 3D approach for size (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC], 1.00), neck measurements (ICC, 0.96), and shape quantification (UI; ICC, 0.94). CONCLUSIONS: Computer-assisted 3D morphology analysis can improve accuracy and consistency in measurements compared with manual 2D measurements. It can also more reliably quantify shape irregularity using the UI. Future application of computer-assisted analysis tools could help clinicians standardize morphology evaluations, leading to more consistent IA evaluations.


Assuntos
Angiografia Digital/métodos , Angiografia Cerebral/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Humanos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão/métodos
7.
J Neurosurg ; 130(3): 923-935, 2018 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29726768

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Flow diversion for posterior circulation aneurysms performed using the Pipeline embolization device (PED) constitutes an increasingly common off-label use for otherwise untreatable aneurysms. The safety and efficacy of this treatment modality has not been assessed in a multicenter study. METHODS: A retrospective review of prospectively maintained databases at 8 academic institutions was performed for the years 2009 to 2016 to identify patients with posterior circulation aneurysms treated with PED placement. RESULTS: A total of 129 consecutive patients underwent 129 procedures to treat 131 aneurysms; 29 dissecting, 53 fusiform, and 49 saccular lesions were included. At a median follow-up of 11 months, complete and near-complete occlusion was recorded in 78.1%. Dissecting aneurysms had the highest occlusion rate and fusiform the lowest. Major complications were most frequent in fusiform aneurysms, whereas minor complications occurred most commonly in saccular aneurysms. In patients with saccular aneurysms, clopidogrel responders had a lower complication rate than did clopidogrel nonresponders. The majority of dissecting aneurysms were treated in the immediate or acute phase following subarachnoid hemorrhage, a circumstance that contributed to the highest mortality rate in those aneurysms. CONCLUSIONS: In the largest series to date, fusiform aneurysms were found to have the lowest occlusion rate and the highest frequency of major complications. Dissecting aneurysms, frequently treated in the setting of subarachnoid hemorrhage, occluded most often and had a low complication rate. Saccular aneurysms were associated with predominantly minor complications, particularly in clopidogrel nonresponders.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Embolização Terapêutica/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/mortalidade , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Neurosurgery ; 83(6): 1298-1305, 2018 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29529233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Flow diversion for basilar apex aneurysms has rarely been reported. OBJECTIVE: To assess flow diversion for basilar apex aneurysms in a multicenter cohort. METHODS: Retrospective review of prospectively maintained databases at 8 academic institutions was performed from 2009 to 2016 to identify patients with basilar apex aneurysms treated with flow diversion. Clinical and radiographic data were analyzed. RESULTS: Sixteen consecutive patients (median age 54.5 yr) underwent 18 procedures to treat 16 basilar apex aneurysms with either the Pipeline Embolization Device (Medtronic Inc, Dublin, Ireland) or Flow Redirection Endoluminal Device (Microvention, Tustin, California). Five aneurysms (31.3%) were treated in the setting of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Seven aneurysms (43.8%) were treated with flow diversion alone, while 9 (56.2%) underwent flow diversion and adjunctive coiling. At a median follow-up of 6 mo, complete (100%) and near-complete (90%-99%) occlusion was noted in 11 (68.8%) aneurysms. Incomplete occlusion occurred more commonly in patients treated with flow diversion alone compared to those with adjunctive coiling. Patients with partial occlusion were significantly younger. Retreatment with an additional flow diverter and adjunctive coiling occurred in 2 aneurysms with wide necks. There was 1 mortality in a patient (6.3%) who experienced posterior cerebral artery and cerebellar strokes as well as subarachnoid hemorrhage after the placement of a flow diverter. Minor complications occurred in 2 patients (12.5%). CONCLUSION: Flow diversion for the treatment of basilar apex aneurysms results in acceptable occlusion rates in highly selected cases. Both primary flow diversion and rescue after failed clipping or coiling resulted in a modified Rankin Scale score that was either equal or better than at presentation and the technology represents a viable alternative or adjunctive option.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Prótese Vascular , California , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Embolização Terapêutica/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Neurosurgery ; 82(4): 548-554, 2018 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29447369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are noteworthy and costly complications. New recommendations from a national organization have urged the elimination of traditional surgeon's caps (surgical skull caps) and mandated the use of bouffant caps to prevent SSIs. OBJECTIVE: To report SSI rates for >15 000 class I (clean) surgical procedures 13 mo before and 13 mo after surgical skull caps were banned at a single site with 25 operating rooms. METHODS: SSI data were acquired from hospital infection control monthly summary reports from January 2014 to March 2016. Based on a change in hospital policy mandating obligatory use of bouffant caps since February 2015, data were categorized into nonbouffant and bouffant groups. Monthly and cumulative infection rates for 13 mo before (7513 patients) and 13 mo after (8446 patients) the policy implementation were collected and analyzed for the groups, respectively. RESULTS: An overall increase of 0.07% (0.77%-0.84%) in the cumulative rate of SSI in all class I operating room cases and of 0.03% (0.79%-0.82%) in the cumulative rate of SSI in all spinal procedures was noted. However, neither increase reached statistical significance (P > .05). The cumulative rate of SSI in neurosurgery craniotomy/craniectomy cases decreased from 0.95% to 0.75%; this was also not statistically significant (P = 1.00). CONCLUSION: National efforts at improving healthcare performance are laudable but need to be evidence based. Guidelines, especially when applied in a mandatory fashion, should be assessed for effectiveness. In this large, single-center series of patients undergoing class I surgical procedures, elimination of the traditional surgeon's cap did not reduce infection rates.


Assuntos
Controle de Infecções/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Vestimenta Cirúrgica , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Salas Cirúrgicas , Fatores de Risco
10.
Neurosurgery ; 82(3): 407-413, 2018 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29351626

RESUMO

The University at Buffalo's neuroendovascular fellowship is one of the longest running fellowship programs in North America. The burgeoning neurointerventional workforce and the rapid growth in the neurointerventional space on the heels of groundbreaking clinical trials prompted us to assess the fellowship's academic impact and its graduates' perceptions and productivity. An anonymized web-based survey was sent to all former neuroendovascular fellows with specific questions pertaining to current practice, research and funding, and perceptions about the fellowship's impact on their skills, competitiveness, and compensation. Additionally, the h-index was calculated to assess the academic productivity of each graduated fellow. Among 50 former fellows, 42 (84%) completed the survey. The fellows came from various countries, ethnic backgrounds, and specialties including neurosurgery (n = 39, 93%), neurology (n = 2, 5%), and neuroradiology (n = 1, 2%). Twenty (48%) respondents were currently chairs or directors of their practice. Most (n = 30, 71%) spent at least 10% of their time on research activities, with 27 (64%) receiving research funding. The median h-index of all 50 former fellows was 14. The biggest gains from the fellowship were reported to be improvement in endovascular skills (median = 10 on a scale of 0-10 [highest]) and increase in competitiveness for jobs in vascular neurosurgery (median = 10), followed by increase in academic productivity (median = 8), and knowledge of vascular disease (median = 8). In an era with open calls for moratoriums on endovascular fellowships, concerns over market saturation, and pleas to improve training, fellowship programs perhaps merit a more objective assessment. The effectiveness of a fellowship program may best be measured by the academic impact and leadership roles of former fellows.


Assuntos
Acreditação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/educação , Bolsas de Estudo , Medicina , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/educação , Autoavaliação , Acreditação/normas , Acreditação/tendências , Adulto , Competência Clínica/normas , Procedimentos Endovasculares/normas , Bolsas de Estudo/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina/normas , Medicina/tendências , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/normas , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/tendências , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Neurosurgery ; 83(3): 582-590, 2018 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29088408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burnout is a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment. Its prevalence among US physicians exceeds 50% and is higher among residents/fellows. This is important to the practice of neurosurgery, as burnout is associated with adverse physical health, increased risk of substance abuse, and increased medical errors. To date, no study has specifically addressed the prevalence of burnout among neurosurgery residents. OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the prevalence of burnout among US neurosurgery residents with published rates for residents/fellows and practicing physicians from other specialties. METHODS: We surveyed 106 US neurosurgery residency training programs to perform a descriptive analysis of the prevalence of burnout among residents. Data on burnout among control groups were used to perform a cross-sectional analysis. Nonparametric tests assessed differences in burnout scores among neurosurgery residents, and the 2-tailed Fisher's exact test assessed burnout between neurosurgery residents and control populations. RESULTS: Of approximately 1200 US neurosurgery residents, 255 (21.3%) responded. The prevalence of burnout was 36.5% (95% confidence interval: 30.6%-42.7%). There was no significant difference in median burnout scores between gender (P = .836), age (P = .183), or postgraduate year (P = .963) among neurosurgery residents. Neurosurgery residents had a significantly lower prevalence of burnout (36.5%) than other residents/fellows (60.0%; P < .001), early career physicians (51.3%; P < .001), and practicing physicians (53.5%; P < .001). CONCLUSION: Neurosurgery residents have a significantly lower prevalence of burnout than other residents/fellows and practicing physicians. The underlying causes for these findings were not assessed and are likely multifactorial. Future studies should address possible causes of these findings.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Internato e Residência , Neurocirurgiões/educação , Neurocirurgiões/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Internato e Residência/tendências , Masculino , Neurocirurgiões/tendências , Neurocirurgia/educação , Neurocirurgia/psicologia , Neurocirurgia/tendências , Prevalência
13.
Neurosurgery ; 82(4): 497-505, 2018 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28541411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefit of surgical treatment of ruptured aneurysms is well established. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether ultra-early ruptured aneurysm treatment leads to not only improved outcomes but also reduced hospitalization cost. METHODS: Using 2008-2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample data, we analyzed demographic, clinical, and hospital factors for nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients who were "directly" admitted to the treating hospital where they underwent intervention (clipping/coiling). Patients treated on the day of admission (day 0) formed the ultra-early cohort; others formed the deferred treatment cohort. All Patient Refined Diagnosis-Related Groups were also included in regression analyses. RESULTS: A total of 17 412 patients were directly admitted to a hospital following nontraumatic SAH where they underwent intervention (clipping/coiling). Mean patient age was 53.87 yr (median 53.00, standard deviation 14.247); 68.3% were women (n = 11 893). A total of 6338 (36.4%) patients underwent treatment on the day of admission (ultra-early). Patients who underwent treatment on day 0 had significantly more routine discharge dispositions than those treated >admission day 0 (P < .0001). In regression analysis, treatment on day 0 was protective against other than routine discharge disposition outcome (P < .0001; odds ratio 0.657; 95% confidence interval 0.614-0.838). Total cost incurred by hospitals was $4.36 billion. Mean cost of hospital charges in the ultra-early cohort was $239 126.05, which was significantly lower than that for the cohort treated >day 0 ($272 989.56, P < .001), Mann-Whitney U-test). Performance of an intervention on admission day 0 was protective against higher hospitalization cost (P < .0001; odds ratio 0.811; 95% confidence interval 0.732-0.899). CONCLUSION: Ultra-early treatment of ruptured aneurysms is significantly associated with better discharge disposition and decreased hospitalization cost.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Roto/cirurgia , Embolização Terapêutica/economia , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Tempo para o Tratamento/economia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Custos Hospitalares , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Neurosurgery ; 82(3): 312-321, 2018 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28431023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuroendovascular intervention has become a key treatment option for acute ischemic stroke. The Sofia (6F) PLUS catheter was designed for neurovascular access for diagnostic or therapeutic interventions. OBJECTIVE: To report the first series describing use of the Sofia PLUS intermediate/distal access reperfusion catheter in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 41 stroke cases were identified in which the catheter was utilized for thrombolysis/thrombectomy. Mean preprocedure National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was 16.5 ± 5.2 (range 4-29). Occluded vessels included the M1 segment, M2 segment, internal carotid artery terminus, cervical internal carotid artery, and basilar artery. RESULTS: Successful positioning of the Sofia PLUS catheter near the occlusion site was achieved in 38 (92.7%) of 41 cases in which thrombectomy or thrombolysis was attempted using intraarterial tissue plasminogen activator, a direct aspiration first-pass technique, and/or stent retrieval. A postprocedure thrombolysis in cerebral infarction (TICI) score of 2b/3 was achieved in 37 of 41 cases. Of 15 cases where the Sofia PLUS was used for a direct aspiration first-pass technique, TICI 2b/3 was achieved in 11 (73.3%). In one case where intra-arterial tissue plasminogen activator was used as the only treatment modality, TICI 2a was achieved. No device-related or catheter-related complications were observed. The mean 7-d-postprocedure National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score among the 39 survivors was 8.5 ± 7.3 (range 0-23). CONCLUSION: Initial results with use of the Sofia (6F) PLUS for endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke have been encouraging. Experience with a larger series is warranted to further evaluate the safety and efficacy of this device and compare it with other reperfusion catheters.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia/instrumentação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Cateteres/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Reperfusão/efeitos adversos , Reperfusão/instrumentação , Reperfusão/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Trombectomia/métodos , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng ; 101342017 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28867867

RESUMO

Neurosurgeons currently base most of their treatment decisions for intracranial aneurysms (IAs) on morphological measurements made manually from 2D angiographic images. These measurements tend to be inaccurate because 2D measurements cannot capture the complex geometry of IAs and because manual measurements are variable depending on the clinician's experience and opinion. Incorrect morphological measurements may lead to inappropriate treatment strategies. In order to improve the accuracy and consistency of morphological analysis of IAs, we have developed an image-based computational tool, AView. In this study, we quantified the accuracy of computer-assisted adjuncts of AView for aneurysmal morphologic assessment by performing measurement on spheres of known size and anatomical IA models. AView has an average morphological error of 0.56% in size and 2.1% in volume measurement. We also investigate the clinical utility of this tool on a retrospective clinical dataset and compare size and neck diameter measurement between 2D manual and 3D computer-assisted measurement. The average error was 22% and 30% in the manual measurement of size and aneurysm neck diameter, respectively. Inaccuracies due to manual measurements could therefore lead to wrong treatment decisions in 44% and inappropriate treatment strategies in 33% of the IAs. Furthermore, computer-assisted analysis of IAs improves the consistency in measurement among clinicians by 62% in size and 82% in neck diameter measurement. We conclude that AView dramatically improves accuracy for morphological analysis. These results illustrate the necessity of a computer-assisted approach for the morphological analysis of IAs.

16.
Neurosurg Clin N Am ; 28(3): 375-388, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28600012

RESUMO

Flow diversion after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is the last treatment option for aneurysm occlusion when other methods of aneurysm treatment cannot be used because of the need for dual antiplatelet therapy. The authors' general protocol for treatment selection after aneurysmal SAH is provided to share with readers our approach to securing the aneurysm before embarking flow diversion for primary treatment or delayed adjunctive treatment to primary coiling. The authors' experience with flow diversion after aneurysmal SAH, review of pertinent literature, and the future of flow diversion after aneurysmal SAH are discussed.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Roto/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/cirurgia , Idoso , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Neurosurg Focus ; 42(4): E14, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28366062

RESUMO

The ability to traverse an anatomically challenging and complex arch is paramount to the success of any neuroendovascular procedure. With age, the aortic arch becomes elongated, calcified, and less compliant. The authors present the initial experience with a multiple parallel guidewire system (ZigiWire Mode 3) for catheterization through a complex tortuous aortic arch to access extracranial vessels. The ZigiWire is an organized guidewire system that uses consecutive delivery of 3 small-diameter (0.014-inch) guidewires that are progressively advanced in parallel to secure support-wire access. The authors have found it useful in situations in which traditional methods for great-vessel access have failed. Moreover, the progressive construction of a large wire from smaller wires prevents "kickback" force from a single larger guidewire, allowing stable distal access. The authors have been able to advance different diagnostic and guide catheters over the ZigiWire. This guidewire has allowed them to successfully complete neuroendovascular procedures in patients who were previously considered unsuitable for the procedure because of tortuous vascular access.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Idoso , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Neurosurg Focus ; 42(4): E16, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28366065

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE Acute tandem occlusions of the cervical internal carotid artery and an intracranial large vessel present treatment challenges. Controversy exists regarding which lesion should be addressed first. The authors sought to evaluate the endovascular approach for revascularization of these lesions at Gates Vascular Institute. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective review of a prospectively maintained, single-institution database. They analyzed demographic, procedural, radiological, and clinical outcome data for patients who underwent endovascular treatment for tandem occlusions. A modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score ≤ 2 was defined as a favorable clinical outcome. RESULTS Forty-five patients were identified for inclusion in the study. The average age of these patients was 64 years; the mean National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score at presentation was 14.4. Fifteen patients received intravenous thrombolysis before undergoing endovascular treatment. Thirty-seven (82%) of the 45 proximal cervical internal carotid artery occlusions were atherothrombotic in nature. Thirty-eight patients underwent a proximal-to-distal approach with carotid artery stenting first, followed by intracranial thrombectomy, whereas 7 patients underwent a distal-to-proximal approach (that is, intracranial thrombectomy was performed first). Thirty-seven (82%) procedures were completed with local anesthesia. For intracranial thrombectomy procedures, aspiration alone was used in 15 cases, stent retrieval alone was used in 5, and a combination of aspiration and stent-retriever thrombectomy was used in the remaining 25. The average time to revascularization was 81 minutes. Successful recanalization (thrombolysis in cerebral infarction Grade 2b/3) was achieved in 39 (87%) patients. Mean National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores were 9.3 immediately postprocedure (p < 0.05) (n = 31), 5.1 at discharge (p < 0.05) (n = 31), and 3.6 at 3 months (p < 0.05) (n = 30). There were 5 in-hospital deaths (11%); and 2 patients (4.4%) had symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage within 24 hours postprocedure. Favorable outcomes (mRS score ≤ 2) were achieved at 3 months in 22 (73.3%) of 30 patients available for follow-up, with an mRS score of 3 for 7 of 30 (23%) patients. CONCLUSIONS Tandem occlusions present treatment challenges, but high recanalization rates were possible in the present series using acute carotid artery stenting and mechanical thrombectomy concurrently. Proximal-to-distal and aspiration approaches were most commonly used because they were safe, efficacious, and feasible. Further study in the setting of a randomized controlled trial is needed to determine the best sequence for the treatment approach and the best technology for tandem occlusion.


Assuntos
Artéria Carótida Externa/cirurgia , Artéria Carótida Interna/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Idoso , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Artéria Carótida Externa/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Carótida Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuroimagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
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