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RSC Adv ; 12(26): 16903-16917, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35754897


Concerns over global greenhouse gas emissions such as CO x and NO x as well as the depletion of petroleum fossil resources have motivated humankind to seek an alternative energy source known as green diesel. In this study, green diesel was produced via a deoxygenation (DO) reaction of ceiba oil under a H2-free atmosphere over Ni modified red mud-based catalysts, which have been synthesized via a precipitation - deep-deposition assisted autoclave method. The obtained catalyst was further characterized by XRF, XRD, BET, FTIR, TPD-NH3, FESEM, and TGA. Based on the catalytic activity test, all Ni/RMO x catalysts facilitated greater DO activity by yielding 83-86% hydrocarbon yield and 70-85% saturated diesel n-(C15 + C17) selectivity. Ni/RMO3 was the best catalyst for deoxygenizing the ceiba oil owing to the existence of a high acidic strength (12717.3 µmol g-1) and synergistic interaction between Fe-O and Ni-O species, thereby producing the highest hydrocarbon yield (86%) and n-(C15 + C17) selectivity (85%). According to the reusability study, the Ni/RMO3 could be reused for up to six consecutive runs with hydrocarbon yields ranging from 53% to 83% and n-(C15 + C17) selectivity ranging from 62% to 83%.

RSC Adv ; 11(12): 6667-6681, 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35423191


Extensive effort has been focused on the advancement of an efficient catalyst for CO2 reforming of CH4 to achieve optimum catalytic activity together with cost-effectiveness and high resistance to catalyst deactivation. In this study, for the first time, a new catalytic support/catalyst system of bifunctional NiO/dolomite has been synthesized by a wet impregnation method using low-cost materials, and it shows unique performance in terms of amphoteric sites and self-reduction properties. The catalysts were loaded into a continuous micro-reactor equipped with an online GC-TCD system. The reaction was carried out with a gas mixture consisting of CH4 and CO2 in the ratio of 1 : 1 flowing 30 ml min-1 at 800 °C for 10 h. The physicochemical properties of the synthesized catalysts were determined by various methods including X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption-desorption, H2 temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR), temperature-programmed desorption of CO2 (TPD-CO2), and temperature-programmed desorption of NH3 (TPD-NH3). The highest catalytic performance of the DRM reaction was shown by the 10% NiO/dolomite catalyst (CH4 & CO2 conversion, χCH4; χCO2 ∼ 98% and H2 selectivity, S H2 = 75%; H2/CO ∼ 1 : 1 respectively). Bifunctional properties of amphoteric sites on the catalyst and self-reduction behaviour of the NiO/dolomite catalyst improved dry reforming of the CH4 process by enhancing CH4 and CO2 conversion without involving a catalyst reduction step, and the catalyst was constantly active for more than 10 h.