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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(7): 1545-1555, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34916440

RESUMO

Electroacupuncture (EA) has been widely used for functional restoration after stroke. However, its role in post-stroke rehabilitation and the associated regulatory mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, we applied EA to the Zusanli (ST36) and Quchi (LI11) acupoints in rats with middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion. We found that EA effectively increased the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and its receptor tyrosine kinase B, synapsin-1, postsynaptic dense protein 95, and microtubule-associated protein 2 in the ischemic penumbra of rats with middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion. Moreover, EA greatly reduced the expression of myelin-related inhibitors Nogo-A and NgR in the ischemic penumbra. Tyrosine kinase B inhibitor ANA-12 weakened the therapeutic effects of EA. These findings suggest that EA can improve neurological function after middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion, possibly through regulating the activity of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor/tyrosine kinase B signal pathway. All procedures and experiments were approved by the Animal Research Committee of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China (approval No. PZSHUTCM200110002) on January 10, 2020.

2.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(3): 594-600, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380899

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that vagus nerve stimulation can improve patients' locomotor function. The stimulation of the auricular vagus nerve, which is the only superficial branch of the vagus nerve, may have similar effects to vagus nerve stimulation. However, the precise mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, rat models of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury were established by modified Longa ligation. Twenty-four hours later, 7-day auricular vagus nerve stimulation was performed. The results showed that auricular vagus nerve stimulation promoted the secretion of acetylcholine, inhibited the secretion of interleukin-1ß, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α, and reduced connexin 43 phosphorylation in the ischemic penumbra and motor cortex, promoting locomotor function recovery in rats with cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. These findings suggested that auricular vagus nerve stimulation promotes the recovery of locomotor function in rats with cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury by altering the secretion of acetylcholine and inflammatory factors and the phosphorylation of connexin 43. This study was approved by the Animal Use and Management Committee of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine on November 8, 2019 (approval No. PZSHUTCM191108014).

3.
Trials ; 22(1): 837, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34819130

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: People with post-stroke aphasia commonly receive speech-language therapy (SLT) when they are admitted to hospitals. Commonly, these patients reported communication difficulties in in-patient settings. Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) has been reported as an effective treatment approach to improve communication effectiveness, language performance, decreasing depression, and improving quality of life for this population. However, little evidence has demonstrated the use of AAC intervention (AACT) in early recovery from people with post-stroke aphasia in in-patient rehabilitation settings for improving these patients' communication effectiveness. The pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) will explore the effectiveness and feasibility of including AACT in regular SLT for in-patient people with post-stroke aphasia. METHOD: This pilot RCT is a single-blind, randomized controlled trial with two parallel groups. Both groups receive a 1-h treatment session, including either both AACT and SLT or SLT only for ten consecutive days. We aim to include 22 in-patient participants with post-stroke aphasia in each group. Participants will be assessed at pre- and post-intervention and 2 weeks after intervention. The primary outcomes are the ability of communication measured by the communication of basic needs subtest in the Functional Assessment of Communication Skills for Adult (FACS) and the overall language performance measured by the Chinese Standard Aphasia Battery (ABC). The secondary outcomes include a 10-min conversation, the 10-item Hospital version of the Stroke Aphasic Depression Questionnaire (SADQH-10), the Stroke-Specific Quality of Life Scale (SS-QOL), and a patient and caregiver satisfaction questionnaire. DISCUSSION: This pilot RCT will contribute to new scientific evidence to the field of aphasia rehabilitation in early recovery during the in-patient period. The paper describes the trial, which will explore the effect of combining AACT and SLT and SLT only, our choice of primary and secondary outcome measures, and proposed analyses. The study results will provide information for implementing AACT in the regular in-patient SLT of future RCTs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry database (ChiCTR) ChiCTR2000028870 . Registered on 5 January 2020.


Assuntos
Afasia , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Adulto , Afasia/diagnóstico , Afasia/etiologia , Humanos , Idioma , Terapia da Linguagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fonoterapia
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34824588

RESUMO

Working memory (WM), a central component of general cognition, plays an essential role in human beings' daily lives. WM impairments often occur in psychiatric, neurodegenerative, and neurodevelopmental disorders, mainly presenting as loss of high-load WM. In previous research, electroacupuncture (EA) has been shown to be an effective treatment for cognitive impairments. Frequency parameters are an important factor in therapeutic results, but the optimal frequency parameters of EA have not yet been identified. In this study, we chose theta-EA (θ-EA; 6 Hz) and gamma-EA (γ-EA; 40 Hz), corresponding to the transcranial alternating-current stimulation (tACS) frequency parameters at the Baihui (DU20) and Shenting (DU24) acupoints, in order to compare the effects of different EA frequencies on WM. We evaluated WM performance using visual 1-back, 2-back, and 3-back WM tasks involving digits. Each participant (N = 30) attended three different sessions in accordance with a within-subject crossover design. We performed θ-EA, γ-EA, and sham-EA in a counterbalanced order, conducting the WM task both before and after intervention. The results showed that d-prime (d') under all three stimulation conditions had no significance in the 1-back and 2-back tasks. However, in the 3-back task, there was a significant improvement in d' after intervention compared to d' before intervention under θ-EA (F [1, 29] = 22.64; P < 0.001), while we saw no significant difference in the γ-EA and sham-EA groups. Reaction times for hits (RT-hit) under all three stimulation conditions showed decreasing trends in 1-, 2-, and 3-back tasks but without statistically significant differences. These findings suggest that the application of θ-EA might facilitate high-load WM performance.

5.
Neurosurgery ; 89(6): 978-986, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common peripheral entrapment neuropathy. However, CTS-related changes of brain structural covariance and structural covariance networks (SCNs) patterns have not been clearly studied. OBJECTIVE: To explore CTS-related brain changes from perspectives of structural connectivity and SCNs. METHODS: Brain structural magnetic resonance images were acquired from 27 CTS patients and 19 healthy controls (HCs). Structural covariance and SCNs were constructed based on gray matter volume. The global network properties including clustering coefficient (Cp), characteristic path length (Lp), small-worldness index, global efficiency (Eglob), and local efficiency (Eloc) and regional network properties including degree, betweenness centrality (BC), and Eloc of a given node were calculated with graph theoretical analysis. RESULTS: Compared with HCs, the strength of structural connectivity between the dorsal anterior insula and medial prefrontal thalamus decreased (P < .001) in CTS patients. There was no intergroup difference of area under the curve for Cp, Lp¸ Eglob, and Eloc (all P > .05). The real-world SCN of CTS patients showed a small-world topology ranging from 2% to 32%. CTS patients showed lower nodal degrees of the dorsal anterior insula and medial prefrontal thalamus, and higher Eloc of a given node and BC in the lateral occipital cortex (P < .001) and the dorsolateral middle temporal gyrus (P < .001) than HCs, respectively. CONCLUSION: CTS had a profound impact on brain structures from perspectives of structural connectivity and SCNs.

6.
Integr Med Res ; 10(4): 100778, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608432

RESUMO

Background: The outbreak of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused more than 180 million infections and 3.9 million deaths. To date, emerging clinical evidence has shown the synergetic benefits of Chinese herbal injections in treating this contagious respiratory disease. This review aims to summarize and analyze the efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal injections in the therapy of COVID-19. Methods: The literature from 3 electronic databases, PubMed, CNKI, and Web of Science, were searched using the search terms "COVID-19", "SARS-CoV-2", "traditional Chinese medicine", "herb", "herbal", and "injection". Then the identified articles were comprehensively evaluated. Results: Limited data demonstrated that Chinese herbal injections could significantly improve the clinical outcomes of COVID-19 patients, especially in combination with conventional treatment strategies. The benefits of which were mainly associated with the relief of symptoms, prevention of secondary infection, regulation of inflammation and immune function. There was also evidence showing the inhibitory effects on SARS-CoV-2 replication in vitro. Nevertheless, available real-world data suggested the increased risk of adverse event. Furthermore, the defects of existing researches and the insights for discovering novel antiviral drugs were prospectively discussed. Conclusion: Evidence-based advances revealed that Chinese herbal injections such as XueBiJing injection and ShenMai injection, exerted potent effects against COVID-19. Further laboratory researches and clinical evaluation are needed to gather scientific evidence on the efficacy and safety.

7.
Front Neurol ; 12: 706611, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630282

RESUMO

We aimed to explore whether motor function and activities of daily life (ADL) could be improved with the application of visual deprivation in two patients with Pusher syndrome complicated by hemispatial neglect after right basal ganglia stroke. We assessed two stroke patients suffering from severe motor disturbances, both tilting heavily to the left, with diagnoses of Pusher syndrome and left hemispatial neglect. Vision in the left eye was deprived using patches during clinical rehabilitation. Motor function promotion was confirmed using the Burke Lateropulsion Scale (BLS), Fugl-Meyer Balance Scale (FMBS), and Holden grade (HG), while the Barthel index (BI) assessed ADL immediately and 1 week after intervention. Both patients regained standing balance immediately using visual deprivation, as well as walking ability, although both scored 0 on the FMBS and HG. After 1 week of treatment, one patient increased to 11 and 3 on the FMBS and HG, respectively, while the BLS score decreased from 12 to 2, and the ADL increased from 23 to 70. The other patient demonstrated increases to 10 and 3 on the FMBS and HG, respectively, with the BLS decreasing from 13 to 3, and the ADL increasing from 25 to 60. Therefore, in the rehabilitation treatment of Pusher syndrome complicated by hemispatial neglect due to basal ganglia stroke, visual deprivation can significantly improve motor function and shorten the treatment course.

8.
Exp Neurol ; 346: 113854, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474008

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke is an acute cerebrovascular disease characterized by high mortality, morbidity and disability rates. Ischemia/reperfusion is a critical pathophysiological basis of motor and cognitive dysfunction caused by ischemic stroke. Microglia, innate immune cells of the central nervous system, mediate the neuroinflammatory response to ischemia/reperfusion. PlexinA2 (PLXNA2) plays an important role in the regulation of neuronal axon guidance, the immune response and angiogenesis. However, it is not clear whether PLXNA2 regulates microglia polarization in ischemic stroke or the underlying mechanism. In the present study, we investigated the role of PLXNA2 in rats with middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R) and BV2 microglia cells with oxygen and glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R). A battery of behavioral tests, including the beam balance test, forelimb placement test, foot fault test, cylinder test, CatWalk gait analysis and Morris water maze test were performed to evaluate sensorimotor function, locomotor activity and cognitive ability. The expression of M1/M2-specific markers in the ischemic penumbra and BV2 microglia cells was detected using immunofluorescence staining, quantitative real-time PCR analysis and Western blot analysis. Our study showed that PLXNA2 knockdown accelerated the recovery of motor function and cognitive ability after MCAO/R. In addition, PLXNA2 knockdown restrained proinflammatory cytokine release and promoted anti-inflammatory cytokine release, and the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway was involved in PLXNA2 regulated microglia polarization. Taken together, our results indicate that PLXNA2 knockdown reduces neuroinflammation by switching the microglia phenotype from M1 to M2 in the ischemic penumbra of MCAO/R-injured rats, which may be due to the inhibition of mTOR/STAT3 signaling. Treatments targeting PLXNA2 may be a promising therapeutic strategy for ischemic stroke.

9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(16): 20495-20510, 2021 08 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34432648

RESUMO

The anti-apoptotic and pro-survival effects of exercise training were evaluated on the early aged hypertensive rat cerebral cortex. The brain tissues were analysed from ten sedentary male Wistar Kyoto normotensive rats (WKY), ten sedentary spontaneously 12 month early aged hypertensive rats (SHR), and ten hypertensive rats undergoing treadmill exercise training (60 min/day, 5 days/week) for 12 weeks (SHR-EX). TUNEL-positive apoptotic cells, the expression levels of endonuclease G (EndoG) and apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) (caspase-independent apoptotic pathway), Fas ligand, Fas death receptor, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, TNF receptor 1, Fas-associated death domain, active caspase-8 and active caspase-3 (Fas-mediated apoptotic pathways) as well as t-Bid, Bax, Bak, Bad, cytochrome c, active caspase 9 and active caspase-3 (mitochondria-mediated apoptotic pathways) were reduced in SHR-EX compared with SHR. Pro-survival Bcl2, Bcl-xL, p-Bad, 14-3-3, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, pPI3K/PI3K, and pAKT/AKT were significantly increased in SHR-EX compared to those in SHR. Exercise training suppressed neural EndoG/AIF-related caspase-independent, Fas/FasL-mediated caspase-dependent, mitochondria-mediated caspase-dependent apoptotic pathways as well as enhanced Bcl-2 family-related and IGF-1-related pro-survival pathways in the early aged hypertensive cerebral cortex. These findings indicated new therapeutic effects of exercise training on preventing early aged hypertension-induced neural apoptosis in cerebral cortex.

10.
Trials ; 22(1): 504, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a common complication after stroke which hinders functional recovery and return to social participation of stroke patients. Efficacy of conventional drug therapies for patients with PSD is still uncertain. Therefore, many patients prefer to use complementary and alternative therapies for PSD. Tuina (traditional Chinese manual manipulation) with herbal ointment is an integration of manual therapy, and ointment is an important part of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapy. Preliminary experiments have shown that the Tuina with herbal ointment can improve the mental state of patients with PSD. The purpose of this study is to observe and verify the efficacy of Tuina combined with herbal ointment for patients with post-stroke depression, and to lay a foundation for further research on its mechanism of action. METHODS/DESIGN: In this study, a randomized controlled trial will be conducted in parallel, including two intervention groups: Tuina with herbal ointment group and herbal ointment for control group. A total of 84 eligible participants will be randomly assigned to the groups in a 1:1 ratio. All participants will receive conventional antidepressant venlafaxine treatment (75 mg QD), on which they received two different interventions. The interventions for both groups will be carried out 5 times each week for a period of 2 weeks. The primary outcome will be the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD). Secondary outcomes will include transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), as well as 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale (TESS). They will be assessed at the baseline, at the end of the intervention (2 weeks), and during the 1 month and 3 months of follow-up by repeated measures analysis of variance. The significance level is 5%. Adverse events will be monitored at each visit to assess safety. All outcomes will be assessed and analyzed by researchers blinded to the treatment allocation. The purpose of this study will focus on observing the efficacy of Tuina with herbal ointment for patients with post-stroke depression, and to explore further the mechanisms of its effects. DISCUSSION: This study may evaluate clinical application value and safety of Tuina with herbal ointment in PSD patients, which can provide basis for clinical research and mechanism exploration of PSD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR2000033887 . Registered on 15 June 2020. DISSEMINATION: The results will be published in peer-reviewed journals and disseminated through the study's website and conferences.


Assuntos
Depressão , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Antidepressivos , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Depressão/etiologia , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Pomadas , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Brain Res ; 1767: 147558, 2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34116054

RESUMO

Functional and structural brain alterations have been noted in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), the most common entrapment peripheral neuropathy. Previous studies were mainly focused on somatosensory cortices. However, the changes of white matter diffusion properties in nonsensorimotor cortices remain uninvestigated. We utilized a modified tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) pipeline to explore CTS-related white matter plasticity, omitting the skeletonization step and registering diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data to a study-specific, high resolution T1 template by an optimized registration method. The modified TBSS was demonstrated to be more sensitive to detect changes in white matter integrity than the standard TBSS approach. In this study, 25 moderate/severe CTS patients and 17 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HC) were evaluated with DTI. Fractional anisotropy (FA) and radial diffusivity (RD) were calculated for group comparison. And the relationship between diffusion parameters and clinical assessments was also analyzed. Comparing with the healthy controls, CTS patients showed significantly increased FA and decreased RD in areas of multisensory integration and motor control involving the central opercular cortex and supplementary motor area (SMA) of the dominant hemisphere. Moreover, altered diffusion parameters in the central opercular cortex of the dominant hemisphere were significantly correlated with Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (BCTQ) scores. It is considered to be a form of maladaptive neuroplastic response to CTS-associated afference and motor control deficits. Such insight may be helpful in developing new strategies for the treatment of CTS.

12.
Clin Respir J ; 15(9): 956-966, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33998778

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of water-based Liuzijue exercise on peak exercise capacity, functional exercise capacity, and quality of life in people with COPD. METHODS: The study included 50 participants randomly divided into three groups: a control group (CG = 17), a land-based Liuzijue exercise group (LG = 17), and a water-based Liuzijue exercise group (WG = 16). The LG and WG performed Liuzijue exercise in different environments, and the CG had no exercise intervention. All participants received prescribed medical treatment. Liuzijue exercise was performed according to the description of Health Qigong Liuzijue compiled by Chinese Health Qigong Association for 60 minutes, two times per week, for 12 weeks. RESULTS: After intervention, peak oxygen uptake and peak working rate were significantly improved in WG (P = .02). The results of the 6 minutes walking test (6MWT) and 30 seconds sit-to-stand test were significantly improved in both WG and LG (P < .05), and significant difference was found between WG and CG in 6MWT (P = .03). The St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) activity score increased significantly in the CG (P = .03), while all domains of SGRQ significantly decreased in both training groups (P < .01). All SGRQ scores showed a significant difference between LG and CG (P < .05) and, except for the activity score, between WG and CG (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Water-based Liuzijue exercise can effectively improve peak exercise capacity, functional exercise capacity, and quality of life in people with COPD, especially with respect to increasing peak VO2 and 6MWD.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Qigong , Tolerância ao Exercício , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Água
13.
Brain Res Bull ; 173: 108-115, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933525

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) is widely applied to explore abnormal functional connectivity (FC) in patients with post-facial paralysis synkinesis (PFPS). However, most studies considered steady spatial-temporal signal interactions between distinct brain regions during the period of scanning. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aim to investigate abnormal dynamic functional connectivity (dFC) in PFPS patients. METHODS: We enrolled 31 PFPS patients and 19 healthy controls. All participants underwent rs-fMRI. Sliding windows approach was applied to construct dFC matrices. Next, these matrices were clustered into distinct states using the k-means clustering algorithm. RESULTS: We found that it was not the dFC patterns, but rather the temporal properties including the mean dwell time (MDT) and occurrence frequencies, that showed a significant difference between PFPS patients and healthy controls. Two randomly clustered dFC states were recognized for both groups. Among them, State 1 showed significantly lower connectivity compared to State 2 in patients group. Compared to healthy controls, the duration spent by the PFPS patients in the state with lower connectivity significantly increased and is positively correlated with the better facial function. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, aberrant dFC is a fundamental feature of brain dysfunction in PFPS patients, which is associated with the facial nerve function. These findings may contribute to a better understanding of the abnormal brain reorganization mechanisms in PFPS patients.

14.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(12): 2528-2533, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907044

RESUMO

Facial synkinesis is a troublesome sequelae of facial nerve malfunction. It is difficult to recover from synkinesis, despite improved surgical techniques for isolating the peripheral facial nerve branches. Furthermore, it remains unclear whether long-term dysfunction of motor control can lead to irreversible plasticity-induced structural brain changes. This case-control study thus investigated the structural brain alterations associated with facial synkinesis. The study was conducted at Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, China. Twenty patients with facial synkinesis (2 male and 18 female, aged 33.35 ± 6.97 years) and 19 healthy volunteers (2 male and 17 female, aged 33.21 ± 6.75 years) underwent magnetic resonance imaging, and voxel-based and surface-based morphometry techniques were used to analyze data. There was no significant difference in brain volume between patients with facial synkinesis and healthy volunteers. Patients with facial synkinesis exhibited a significantly reduced cortical thickness in the contralateral superior and inferior temporal gyri and a reduced sulcal depth of the ipsilateral precuneus compared with healthy volunteers. In addition, sulcal depth of the ipsilateral precuneus was negatively correlated with the severity of depression. These findings suggest that there is a structural remodeling of gray matter in patients with facial synkinesis after facial nerve malfunction. This study was approved by the Ethics Review Committee of the Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, China (approval No. 2017-365-T267) on September 13, 2017, and was registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (registration number: ChiCTR1800014630) on January 25, 2018.

15.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 634347, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33777942

RESUMO

Cerebral ischemia is one of the leading causes of death. Reperfusion is a critical stage after thrombolysis or thrombectomy, accompanied by oxidative stress, excitotoxicity, neuroinflammation, and defects in synapse structure. The process is closely related to the dephosphorylation of actin-binding proteins (e.g., cofilin-1) by specific phosphatases. Although studies of the molecular mechanisms of the actin cytoskeleton have been ongoing for decades, limited studies have directly investigated reperfusion-induced reorganization of actin-binding protein, and little is known about the gene expression of actin-binding proteins. The exact mechanism is still uncertain. The motor cortex is very important to save nerve function; therefore, we chose the penumbra to study the relationship between cerebral ischemia-reperfusion and actin-binding protein. After transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and reperfusion, we confirmed reperfusion and motor function deficit by cerebral blood flow and gait analysis. PCR was used to screen the high expression mRNAs in penumbra of the motor cortex. The high expression of cofilin in this region was confirmed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot (WB). The change in cofilin-1 expression appears at the same time as gait imbalance, especially maximum variation and left front swing. It is suggested that cofilin-1 may partially affect motor cortex function. This result provides a potential mechanism for understanding cerebral ischemia-reperfusion.

16.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(7): 1229-1234, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318399

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that transcranial pulse current stimulation (tPCS) can increase cerebral neural plasticity and improve patients' locomotor function. However, the precise mechanisms underlying this effect remain unclear. In the present study, rat models of stroke established by occlusion of the right cerebral middle artery were subjected to tPCS, 20 minutes per day for 7 successive days. tPCS significantly reduced the Bederson score, increased the foot print area of the affected limbs, and reduced the standing time of affected limbs of rats with stroke compared with that before intervention. Immunofluorescence staining and western blot assay revealed that tPCS significantly increased the expression of microtubule-associated protein-2 and growth-associated protein-43 around the ischemic penumbra. This finding suggests that tPCS can improve the locomotor function of rats with stroke by regulating the expression of microtubule-associated protein-2 and growth-associated protein-43 around the ischemic penumbra. These findings may provide a new method for the clinical treatment of poststroke motor dysfunction and a theoretical basis for clinical application of tPCS. The study was approved by the Animal Use and Management Committee of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine of China (approval No. PZSHUTCM190315003) on February 22, 2019.

17.
Trials ; 21(1): 910, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Practitioners of complementary and alternative medicine have suggested that electroacupuncture (EA) could improve post-stroke cognitive impairment, based on the clinical evidence. This study protocol is aimed at showing the effectiveness of theta and gamma EA for post-stroke patients on working memory (WM) and electrophysiology. METHODS: After assessing their eligibility, 66 patients with stroke will be enrolled from two Chinese medicine hospitals and randomly divided into theta frequency EA group, gamma frequency EA group, and sham-EA group according to the ratio of 1:1:1. All patients will receive 20 sessions of EA procedures for 4 weeks. Patients in three groups will receive EA at two same acupoints in the head: Baihui (GV20) and Shenting (GV24). The frequency of the three groups of EA is set as follows: 6 Hz (theta-EA group), 40 Hz (gamma-EA group), and no current through the electrodes (sham EA). Patients and assessors will be blinded throughout the entire study. The primary outcome is the performance accuracy of 1-back task which is a frequently used measure of WM in cognitive neuroscience research contexts. Secondary outcome measures will include the response time of 1-back task, the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test, Trail Making Test, Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment Scale, modified Barthel Index, and electroencephalogram (EEG) signals during 1-back tasks. A blinding index will be assessed. Data will be statistically analyzed by one-way ANOVA, at 5% of significance level. DISCUSSION: We expect this double-center, randomized, patient- and assessor-blinded, sham-controlled, parallel, clinical trial to explore the effectiveness of theta and gamma EA therapy, compared with sham EA, for post-stroke WM. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR2000031995 . Registered on 17 April 2020.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Eletrofisiologia , Humanos , Memória de Curto Prazo , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 20(1): 308, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the effectiveness of Liuzijue exercise on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the stable phase. METHODS: We searched six electronic bibliographic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, and Wan Fang Data) from inception to August 2018. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included if they evaluated the effect of Liuzijue exercise on stable COPD. Cochrane Collaboration risk-of-bias tool (Cochrane Handbook 5.1.0) was used to assess the risk of bias of included RCTs. Meta-analysis was performed using the Review Manager software (RevMan V.5.3.5) provided by the Cochrane Collaboration. Outcomes assessed included dyspnea, exercise capacity, lung function, and quality of life. RESULTS: Fourteen RCTs involving 920 stable COPD patients were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis. The control groups received usual care. The average number of training sessions per participant was 9.3 per week, and the average length of these training sessions was 31.6 min per week. Training duration varied from 3 to 12 months. Meta-analysis results showed that Liuzijue exercise can effectively improve patients' Modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale scores (MD = - 0.73, 95% CI: - 1.13 to - 0.33, P < 0.05), 6MWD (MD = 17.78, 95% CI: 7.97 to 27.58, P < 0.05), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) (MD = 0.23, 95% CI: 0.07 to 0.38, P < 0.05), the percentage of predicted values of FEV1 (FEV1%pred) (MD = 7.59, 95% CI: 2.92 to 12.26, P < 0.05), FEV1/FVC (Forced vital capacity) ratio (MD = 6.81, 95% CI: 3.22 to 10.40, P < 0.05), Quality of life: St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire total score (MD = - 9.85, 95%CI: - 13.13 to - 6.56, P < 0.05), and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Assessment Test score (MD = - 2.29, 95%CI: - 3.27, - 1.30, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Evidence from meta-analysis suggested that Liuzijue exercise could improve dyspnea, exercise endurance, lung function, and quality of life for stable COPD patients. However, owing to the methodological bias and the placebo effect of Liuzijue exercise, there is a need for further research to confirm these findings. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO (ID: CRD42019130973 ).


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Tolerância ao Exercício , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Testes de Função Respiratória
19.
Brain Behav ; 10(8): e01729, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608554

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effects of the mirror neuron system (MNS)-based training on upper extremity motor function and cognitive function in stroke patients. METHODS: Sixty stroke patients (time from stroke onset 3-9 months) with upper extremity paresis (Brunnstrom stage II-IV) and cognitive impairment (MoCA score ≥ 15) were enrolled in this study. Patients were randomly allocated into MNS treatment group (N = 30) and control group (N = 30). Both groups underwent regular training for upper extremity motor function and cognitive function, and the MNS group was trained with a therapeutic apparatus named mirror neuron system training (MNST) including different levels of action observation training (AOT). Training lasted 20 min/day, 5 days/week for 8 weeks. MoCA, reaction time, and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) were assessed at baseline and 8 weeks after training. Furthermore, Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA) and Modified Barthel index (MBI) were adopted to evaluated upper extremity motor function and daily life ability. RESULTS: After 8 consecutive weeks' training, both groups showed significant improvements on the upper extremity motor function, cognitive function, and daily life ability score after training (p < .05). The MNS group showed significantly improved upper extremity motor function and cognitive function (p < .05) compared with control group. CONCLUSIONS: Combining MNS-based and conventional training can improve upper extremity motor function and cognitive function in stroke patients.


Assuntos
Neurônios-Espelho , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Paresia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Extremidade Superior
20.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 20(1): 209, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The introduction of non-VKA oral anticoagulants (NOACs) has changed the landscape of preventing thromboembolism events in many countries. However, the prescription trends of oral anticoagulant (OAC) in China are still unclear, which were evaluated in this study through data extracted and summarized from 5 major cities as representatives. METHODS: This study was designed as a time-series study which was based on pharmacy prescription data. Analysis was performed on yearly aggregated visits and expenditure. The results were also stratified by indications and specialties. RESULTS: A total of 189,006 prescriptions of 67 hospitals in 6 years were included in the study. The average growth rates of overall visit and expenditure of OAC were 15.8 and 57.5%, respectively. The share of warfarin decreased and NOACs had taken 92% of cost, covering 28% of patients in 2017. The more frequently used NOACs were rivaroxaban and dabigatran. The use of OAC was differed by indication and specialty. CONCLUSION: The use of NOACs was found increasing rapidly in both visits and cost, sharing a majority of cost with a minority of patients. Attentions should be paid on the rational use of NOACs.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Prescrições de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , China , Cidades , Dabigatrana/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Gastos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Varfarina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
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