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1.
Vet Microbiol ; 240: 108509, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902506

RESUMO

We evaluated the phenotype and genotype of a fatal influenza/canine distemper virus coinfection found in farmed mink in China. We identified a novel subtype H1N1 influenza virus strain from the lungs of infected mink designated A/Mink/Shandong/1121/2017 (H1N1). The results of phylogenetic analysis of 8 gene fragments of the H1N1 strain showed the virus was a swine origin triple-reassortant H1N1 influenza virus: with the 2009 pandemic H1N1 segments (PB2, PB1, PA, NP and M), Eurasian avian-like H1N1 swine segments (HA and NA) and classical swine (NS) lineages. The EID50/0.2 mL of this strain was 10-6.2 and pathogenicity tests were 100 % lethal in a mouse model of infection. We found that while not lethal and lacking any overt signs of infection in mink, the virus could proliferate in the upper respiratory tracts and the animals were converted to seropositive for the HA protein.

2.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e4788, 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31899545

RESUMO

The objective of this paper was to develop a preparative method for the isolation and purification of liquiritigenin and glycyrrhetic acid from Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch using hydrolytic extraction combined with high-speed countercurrent chromatography (HSCCC). Liquiritigenin and glycyrrhetic acid were well hydrolyzed from liquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid by hydrochloric acid, respectively. The optimal extraction conditions were obtained by single-factor and orthogonal experiments, which were 100% ethanol, 1.5 mol/L hydrochloric acid, 1:25 ratio of solid to liquid, and extracted 2 h for one time. Using the two-phase solvent system of n-hexane-ethyl acetate-methanol-water (4:5:4:5, v/v), 2.1 mg liquiritigenin (the purity was 96.5% with a recovery of 87.6%) and 12.3 mg glycyrrhetic acid (the purity was 97.1% with a recovery of 74.4%) were obtained from 315-mg crude extraction by HSCCC. The retention ratio of stationary phase was 47.2%. Their structures were identified by HPLC, melting points, UV, Fourier-transform infrared, Electrospray ionization-MS, 1 H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and 13 C NMR spectra. According to the antioxidant activity assays, liquiritigenin and glycyrrhetic acid had some scavenging abilities on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radicals; liquiritigenin had stronger scavenging ability on hydroxyl radicals.

3.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 67(1): 6-10, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411792

RESUMO

Circoviruses are found in many species, including mammals, birds, lower vertebrates and invertebrates. To date, there are no reports of circovirus-induced diseases in chickens. In this study, we identified a new strain of chicken circovirus (CCV) by PacBio third-generation sequencing samples from chickens with acute gastroenteritis in a Shandong commercial broiler farm in China. The complete genome of CCV was verified by inverse PCR. Genomic analysis revealed that CCV codes two inverse open reading frames (ORFs), and a potential stem-loop structure was present at the 5' end with a structure typical of a circular virus. Phylogenetic tree analysis showed that CCV formed an independent branch between mammalian and avian circovirus, and homology analysis indicated that the homology of CCV with 21 other known circoviruses was less than 40%. Thus, this CCV strain represents a new species in the genus Circovirus. The infection rate of CCV in 12 chickens with diarrhoea was 100%, but no CCV was found in healthy chickens, thereby indicating that the novel CCV strain is highly associated with acute infectious gastroenteritis in chickens. The emergence of a novel CCV in commercial broiler chickens is highly concerning for the broiler industry.

4.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 8(5): 636-648, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737499

RESUMO

Background: Our previous studies have identified a serum-based 4-microRNA (4-miRNA) signature that may help distinguish patients with lung cancer (LC) from non-cancer controls (NCs). Here, we used an extended independent cohort of 398 subjects to further validate the diagnostic ability of this 4-miRNA signature. Methods: Using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), expression of the 4-miRNAs was assessed in a total of 398 sera that included 213 LC patients and 185 NCs. A logistic regression model using training-test sets, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and t-test were used to test the impact of varying expression of these miRNAs on its diagnostic accuracy for LC. The cell proliferation and colony formation affected by these miRNAs, as well as gene ontology (GO) analysis of miRNA target genes were performed. Results: The levels of the 4-miRNAs were significantly higher in the serum of patients with LCs as compared to NCs. Using a logistic regression prediction model based on training and test sets analysis, we obtained the area under the curve (AUC) of 0.921 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.876-0.966] on the test set with specificity 90.6%, sensitivity 77.9%, accuracy 84.1%, positive predictive value (PPV) 89.8% and negative predictive value (NPV) 79.5%. Conclusions: We have verified that this serum 4-miRNA signature could provide a promising noninvasive biomarker for the prediction of LC, particularly in patients with indeterminate lung nodules on screening CT scans.

5.
Oncol Lett ; 18(4): 3823-3829, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31516594

RESUMO

Valosin-containing protein (VCP) promotes the development of metastasis in osteosarcoma (OS) via the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. However, inhibition of the PI3K/Akt pathway does not completely reverse VCP-mediated invasion and migration of OS, suggesting that VCP-mediated OS invasion and migration involves additional mechanisms. In the present study, a positive correlation between the expression of VCP and cell autophagy was observed among OS tissues. Inhibiting VCP may decrease the survival of malignant cells; however, an autophagy stimulator may compensate for VCP inhibition and promote malignant cell survival. Altering the level of autophagy did not affect cell invasiveness or migration. ERK, NF-κß and beclin-1 protein expression levels were markedly decreased following VCP inhibition. These findings indicated that VCP may induce autophagy and enhance anoikis resistance without affecting cell invasiveness or migration. Via anoikis resistance, VCP may promote metastasis in OS. Therefore, targeting of the ERK/NF-κß/beclin-1 signaling pathway may be an effective therapeutic strategy for the management of OS.

6.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 25(10): 1126-1133, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411803

RESUMO

AIMS: Hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning (HBOP) attenuates brain edema, microglia activation, and inflammation after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). In this present study, we investigated the role of HBOP in ICH-induced microglia polarization and the potential involved signal pathway. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: SHAM, ICH, and ICH + HBOP group. Before surgery, rats in SHAM and HBOP groups received HBO for 5 days. Rats in SHAM group received needle injection, while rats in ICH and ICH + HBOP groups received 100 µL autologous blood injection into the right basal ganglia. Rats were euthanized at 24 hours after ICH, and the brains were removed for immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. Neurological deficits and brain water content were determined. RESULTS: Intracerebral hemorrhage induced brain edema, which was significantly lower in the HBOP group. The levels of MMP9 were also less in the HBOP group. HBO pretreatment resulted in less neuronal death and neurological deficits after ICH. Their immunoactivity and protein levels of M1 markers were downregulated, but the M2 markers were unchanged by HBOP. In addition, ICH-induced pro-inflammatory cytokine (TNF-α and IL-1ß) levels and the phosphorylation of JNK and STAT1 were also lower in the HBOP rats. CONCLUSIONS: HBO pretreatment attenuated ICH-induced brain injuries and MMP9 upregulation, which may through the inhibiting of M1 polarization of microglia and inflammatory signal pathways after ICH.

7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(4): 717-722, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989884

RESUMO

Eight C_(19)-diterpenoid alkaloids( 1-8) were isolated from the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of 95% ethanol extract of the ground roots of Aconitum austroyunnanense through various column chromatographies on silica gel,ODS,Sephadex LH-20 and MCI gel.Their structures were elucidated as 14α-benzoyloxy-13ß,15α-dihydroxy-1α,6α,8ß,16ß,18-pentamethoxy-19-oxoaconitan( 1),N-deethylaconitine( 2),spicatine B( 3),leucanthumsine A( 4),acofamine B( 5),macrorhynine B( 6),aconitilearine( 7),and ambiguine( 8) based on their chemical and physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data. Compound 1 was a new compound and alkaloids 2-8 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Some isolated alkaloids were tested in vitro for cytotoxic potential by employing the MTT method. As a result,alkaloid 1 exhibited weak cytotoxic activity against three tested tumor cell lines( A-549,He La,and Hep G2) with IC_(50) values less than 20 µmol·L~(-1).


Assuntos
Aconitum , Alcaloides , Diterpenos , Estrutura Molecular , Raízes de Plantas
8.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; 54(1): 89-94, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31034936

RESUMO

The presence of mobilized colistin resistance (mcr) genes is a global concern. However, data concerning mcr in fresh vegetables, a reservoir for antibiotic resistance genes, are still rare. In this study, mcr genes were analysed in 528 vegetable samples from 53 supermarkets or farmer's markets in 23 cities of 9 provinces in China, and the mcr-positive Enterobacteriaceae were characterized. Nineteen (3.6%) samples carried one or more mcr-positive isolates, and the highest three detection rates were found in carrot, pak choi and green pepper. Twenty-four mcr-1-positive isolates (23 Escherichia coli and one Enterobacter cloacae) were obtained, and E. coli isolates showed high genetic diversity. Different multilocus sequence type (MLST) isolates were also observed within the same sample. All 24 isolates showed multidrug resistance, and 14 carried blaCTX-M genes. Most isolates harbored similarly conjugative IncX4-type (∼33 kb) or IncI2-type (∼60 kb) mcr-1-bearing plasmids. The sequenced prevalent IncX4 plasmid and IncI2 plasmid from tomato were similar to the relevant plasmids from animals and clinical isolates in various countries. mcr-1-bearing IncHI2/ST3 plasmid highly similar to that carrying 14 resistance genes from E. coli of chicken was also observed. In conclusion, a high prevalence of mcr-1 in fresh vegetables was found in China, and the dissemination of mcr-1 was mediated by similar IncX4 or IncI2 plasmids. The plasmids from vegetables showed high similarity to plasmids from clinical isolates, indicating MCR-1-producers in ready-to-eat vegetables may pose a huge threat to public health and measures need to be taken to ensure food safety.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Colistina/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Enterobacter cloacae/isolamento & purificação , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Etanolaminofosfotransferase/genética , Verduras/microbiologia , China , Cidades , Enterobacter cloacae/classificação , Enterobacter cloacae/efeitos dos fármacos , Enterobacter cloacae/genética , Escherichia coli/classificação , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/genética , Plasmídeos/análise
9.
Front Immunol ; 10: 594, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30972078

RESUMO

During the last two decades, there has been broad interest in RNA-based technologies for the development of prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines. Preclinical and clinical trials have shown that mRNA vaccines provide a safe and long-lasting immune response in animal models and humans. In this review, we summarize current research progress on mRNA vaccines, which have the potential to be quick-manufactured and to become powerful tools against infectious disease and we highlight the bright future of their design and applications.

10.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 7398208, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30941371

RESUMO

Ribonuclease L (RNase L) is an important antiviral endoribonuclease regulated by type I IFN. RNase L is activated by viral infection and dsRNA. Because the role of swine RNase L (sRNase L) is not fully understood, in this study, we generated a sRNase L knockout PK-15 (KO-PK) cell line through the CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing system to evaluate the function of sRNase L. After transfection with CRISPR-Cas9 followed by selection using puromycin, sRNase L knockout in PK-15 cells was further validated by agarose gel electrophoresis, DNA sequencing, and Western blotting. The sRNase L KO-PK cells failed to trigger RNA degradation and induced less apoptosis than the parental PK-15 cells after transfected with poly (I: C). Furthermore, the levels of ISGs mRNA in sRNase L KO-PK cells were higher than those in the parental PK-15 cells after treated with poly (I: C). Finally, both wild type and attenuated pseudorabies viruses (PRV) replicated more efficiently in sRNase L KO-PK cells than the parental PK-15 cells. Taken together, these findings suggest that sRNase L has multiple biological functions including cellular single-stranded RNA degradation, induction of apoptosis, downregulation of transcript levels of ISGs, and antiviral activity against PRV. The sRNase L KO-PK cell line will be a valuable tool for studying functions of sRNase L as well as for producing PRV attenuated vaccine.


Assuntos
Proteína 9 Associada à CRISPR/metabolismo , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Endorribonucleases/metabolismo , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Herpesvirus Suídeo 1/fisiologia , Replicação Viral/fisiologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular , Edição de Genes , Herpesvirus Suídeo 1/efeitos dos fármacos , Herpesvirus Suídeo 1/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Poli I-C/farmacologia , Pseudorraiva/virologia , Estabilidade de RNA/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico/genética , Suínos , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2019 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30740993

RESUMO

A phytochemical investigation on the 75% EtOH extract of the aerial parts of Lycopodiastrum casuarinoides resulted in the isolation of three new lycodine alkaloids, 16-hydroxy-9-oxo-lycocasuarinine D (1), 6α-hydroxy-16-dehydroxy-lycocasuarinine A (2), and 6α,16-dihydroxy-lycocasuarinine B (3). Structural elucidation of all the compounds was performed by spectral methods such as 1D- and 2D-NMR, infrared, ultraviolet, and HR-ESI-MS. The isolated alkaloids were tested in vitro for cytotoxic potential against six lung cancer cell lines. Consequently, alkaloid 1 exhibited cytotoxicity against all the tested tumor cell lines with IC50 values less than 20 µM.

12.
World Neurosurg ; 2019 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30677571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For patients undergoing lumbar spinal surgery, many surgeons routinely perform laboratory tests within 3 days after surgery. However, few studies have reported the necessity for routine laboratory tests for patients with uncomplicated cases within 3 days after surgery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of patients with lumbar degenerative disease who had undergone lumbar spinal surgery from May 2014 to May 2017. The perioperative patient information was recorded. The abnormal postoperative laboratory tests were recorded. Finally, the incidence and risk factors for patients requiring postoperative clinical treatment were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 1915 patients were included in the present study. Postoperative laboratory tests had been ordered for 870 patients (45.43%). Of these patients, only a small proportion had required postoperative clinical intervention to treat abnormal serum hemoglobin (2.53%), albumin (1.95%), serum potassium (0.92%), or serum calcium (6.55%) levels. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that female gender and operative time were risk factors for the need for blood transfusion after lumbar spinal surgery. Age and operative time were risk factors for patients requiring albumin supplementation after lumbar spinal surgery. Finally, intraoperative blood loss and operative time were independent risk factors for patients requiring calcium supplementation after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Owing to the small number of postoperative clinical interventions for abnormal laboratory test results, we believe that the use of routine laboratory tests within 3 days after lumbar spinal surgery for patients with uncomplicated cases are unnecessary. Our results showed that operative time is a potential risk factor for the necessity for clinical treatment after lumbar spinal surgery.

13.
J Cell Physiol ; 234(8): 14210-14220, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30618073

RESUMO

Cigarette smoke-induced airway epithelial cell mitophagy is an important mechanism in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Mitochondrial protein Nix (also known as BNIP3L) is a selective autophagy receptor and participates in several human diseases. However, little is known about the role of Nix in airway epithelial cell injury during the development of COPD. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of Nix on mitophagy and mitochondrial function in airway epithelial cells exposed to cigarette smoke extract (CSE). Our present study has found that CSE could increase Nix protein expression and induce mitophagy in airway epithelial cells. And Nix siRNA significantly inhibited mitophagy and attenuated mitochondrial dysfunction and cell injury when airway epithelial cells were stimulated with 7.5% CSE. In contrast, Nix overexpression enhanced mitophagy and aggravated mitochondrial dysfunction and cell injury when airway epithelial cells were incubated with 7.5% CSE. These data suggest that Nix-dependent mitophagy promotes airway epithelial cell and mitochondria injury induced by cigarette smoke, and may be involved in the pathogenesis of COPD and other cigarette smoke-associated diseases.

14.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 87: 315-321, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30633962

RESUMO

The receptor responsible for maternofetal transmission of immunoglobulin (Igs) in the teleosts is not clear. Polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) specifically binds with IgA and IgM and mediates the transcytosis of intracellular polymeric immunoglobulins (pIgs) at the mucosal surface to protect against pathogens. Hence there is a possibility that it may be involved in the transmission of maternal Igs. The aim of the present study was to detect the expression and localization of pIgR during embryonal development in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus). pIgR gene was first cloned from eggs and embryos of turbot with or without parent immunization. The expression and distribution of pIgR in unfertilized egg and in embryos ranging from day 1 to day 5 after fertilization were analyzed using reverse transcriptase quantitative polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridization. pIgR gene was detected in all eggs and embryos at different stages of development, with the highest level detected on the 5th day. pIgR mRNA was observed to be first located in the whole blastoderm and enveloped the yolk sac. Later, it was located around entoderm including primary digestive tract and pronephric tubule tract, and finally it was located at the joint of abdomen and vitelline membrane. Then, Eukaryotic expression plasmid carrying pIgR gene was constructed and transfected into HEK293T cells. Results showed mature pIgR protein located on the cellular membrane, and could bound IgM in vitro. Our findings provide information for studying the involvement of pIgR in maternal Igs transportation in turbot.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Linguados/genética , Receptores de Imunoglobulina Polimérica/genética , Receptores de Imunoglobulina Polimérica/imunologia , Animais , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/genética , Feminino , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Linguados/embriologia , Linguados/metabolismo , Especificidade de Órgãos
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30476621

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Haemophilus parasuis, one of the major swine pathogens, has at least fifteen different types, all of which have significant economic effects on the global swine industry. The aim of this study was to establish an experimental intraperitoneal infection model for H. parasuis in neutropenic guinea pigs. METHODS: Intraperitoneal administration of cyclophosphamide and Haemophilus parasuis was conducted in guinea pigs. Clinical signs, gross pathology, and histopathology were observed in neutropenic guinea pigs infected with H. parasuis. RESULTS: Intraperitoneal administration of 100 mg/kg cyclophosphamide led to immunosuppression with white blood cells, lymphocytes, and neutrophils all <1000 mm3, while no histological tissue damage was observed. Intraperitoneal administration of 109 colony-forming units (CFU) of H. parasuis led to typical respiratory symptoms, 90% morbidity, and 20% mortality in a 72 h-period. Bacteriological screening revealed that multiple organs, including the heart, liver, spleen, lungs, kidneys, and blood, were infected with H. parasuis. The threshold loads of bacteria in blood and the lungs were (7.04 ±â€¯0.53)log10 CFU/mL and (6.24 ±â€¯0.62)log10 CFU/g, respectively, at 3 d after infection. Gross pathology examination showed celiac effusion, intestinal mucosal hemorrhage, and liver, spleen, or lung swelling, necrosis, and hemorrhage. Congestion, mild interstitial pneumonia, inflammatory exudation, and endothelial cell proliferation were observed in the histological examination. DISCUSSION: All the results suggest that we have established an experimental intraperitoneal infection model for H. parasuis in neutropenic guinea pigs. It is especially useful as a tool for pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, or a pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) model of antimicrobial agents against respiratory disease.


Assuntos
Modelos Animais de Doenças , Infecções por Haemophilus/imunologia , Haemophilus parasuis/imunologia , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Modelos Animais , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Animais , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Cobaias , Infecções por Haemophilus/microbiologia , Infecções por Haemophilus/veterinária , Haemophilus parasuis/patogenicidade , Injeções Intraperitoneais , Pulmão , Masculino , Camundongos , Neutropenia/imunologia , Suínos
16.
Amino Acids ; 51(2): 311-318, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30377840

RESUMO

Anticancer peptides (ACPs) are biologically anticancer active molecules that are produced by mammals, plants, insects and microorganisms. Here, a new peptide (TC22) with the amino acid sequence MTVVLLLIVLPLLGGVHSSGIL was identified and characterized from the beetle Tribolium castaneum. We found it inhibited the growth and viability of HeLa and MCF-7 cells. Flow cytometry analysis demonstrated the TC22 induced HeLa cell apoptosis, and activated caspase-9 and caspase-3. Furthermore, TC22 led to ROS generation, and triggered p53 transcription and expression. Taken together, our results indicated that TC22 exhibited high anticancer capacity via activating p53, inducing ROS generation and through a mitochondrial pathway. This research provided a novel natural source peptide with strong anticancer capacity. These findings provide some novel insights on the potential candidate reagent in cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Anticarcinógenos/isolamento & purificação , Anticarcinógenos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Insetos/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Insetos/farmacologia , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Tribolium/química , Animais , Anticarcinógenos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Caspase 9/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Expressão Gênica , Genes p53/genética , Células HeLa , Humanos , Proteínas de Insetos/uso terapêutico , Células MCF-7 , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética
17.
Infect Genet Evol ; 68: 161-171, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30572029

RESUMO

In this study, we reported a moderately pathogenic pseudorabies virus (PRV) variant isolated from one Bartha-K61-vaccinated pig farm in Weifang, Shandong Province, China, 2014. The sick piglets in the farm were characterized by anorexia, weight loss and neurologic symptoms but did not die. Sequence alignment of the gE gene indicated that it belonged to a new mutated PRV strain and about 15% amino acid sites had mutations, deficiencies and insertions compared to the other PRV strains. The gD gene had two amino acid insertions and ten amino acid mutations in comparison with the Bartha-K61 vaccine strain. The TK and gM genes were the same as one highly pathogenic PRV TJ strain. Evidence from virus isolation, laboratory challenge, serological detection and histopathologic examination confirmed that the etiological agent of the disease is PRV SD1404, which is a moderately pathogenic strain and causes piglets to be sick but not to die. PRV SD1404 strain is different from other reports and should be paid more attention to avoid economic losses.


Assuntos
Variação Genética , Herpesvirus Suídeo 1/genética , Pseudorraiva/epidemiologia , Pseudorraiva/virologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Biópsia , Encéfalo/virologia , Linhagem Celular , Embrião de Galinha , China/epidemiologia , Genoma Viral , Herpesvirus Suídeo 1/classificação , Herpesvirus Suídeo 1/isolamento & purificação , História do Século XXI , Mutação , Filogenia , Pseudorraiva/história , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Suínos/história , Doenças dos Suínos/virologia , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/genética
18.
Cancer Manag Res ; 10: 6305-6315, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30568492

RESUMO

Purpose: Accumulating studies showed that the expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) was dysregulated in osteosarcoma (OS). In this study, we sought to investigate the effect of let-7a on OS progression and its potential molecular mechanism. Patients and methods: Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to evaluate the expression level of let-7a and Aurora-B (AURKB) in OS tissues and cells. The OS cells were treated with let-7a mimic, let7a inhibitor, negative mimic and Lv-AURKB combined with let-7a. The ability of cell proliferation, migration and invasion was measured using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and wound-healing and transwell invasion assays. The protein of AURKB, NF-κßp65, MMP2 and MMP9 was measured by Western blot analysis. Xenograft model was performed to investigate the effects of let-7a on tumor growth and metastasis. The lung metastasis was measured by counting the metastatic node using H&E staining. Results: Let-7a expression was significantly underexpressed in OS cell lines and tissues compared with human osteoblast cell lines, hFOB1.19, and adjacent normal bone tissues. Exogenous let-7a inhibited the viability, migratory and invasive ability of OS cells in vitro. In addition, the overexpression of AURKB in OS cells could partly rescue let-7a-mediated tumor inhibition. Also, the overexpression of let-7a inhibited OS cell growth and lung metastasis in vivo. Furthermore, the results showed that let-7a could decrease the expression of NF-κßp65, MMP2 and MMP9 proteins by targeting AURKB in OS cells. Conclusion: Let-7a inhibits the malignant phenotype of OS cells by targeting AURKB at least partially. Targeting let-7a and AURKB/NF-κß may be a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of OS.

19.
Front Physiol ; 9: 1666, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30519194

RESUMO

Several studies have demonstrated that renal glucose reabsorption is increased in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, the increased renal glucose reabsorption may contribute to the progression of hyperglycemia. Therefore, promoting urine glucose excretion (UGE) by suppression of renal glucose reabsorption is an attractive approach for the treatment of diabetes. Insulin resistance is identified as a major characteristic in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Thus, our aim was to evaluate the association of UGE with serum insulin levels and insulin resistance in subjects with glucose abnormalities, including prediabetes and newly diagnosed diabetes (NDD). The present study included 1129 subjects, 826 individuals with prediabetes and 303 individuals with NDD. Urine samples were collected within 2 h of oral glucose loading for the measurement of glucose. Fasting serum insulin was measured. Homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was assessed. Multiple linear regression analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to determine the association of UGE with insulin levels and HOMA-IR. A negative association between serum insulin levels and UGE was observed. The relationship remained significant after adjustment for potential confounders, including age, gender, blood pressure and glucose (ß = -5.271, 95% CI: -9.775 to -0.767, p = 0.022). Furthermore, multivariable logistic regression model showed that increased insulin levels were associated with a decreased risk for high UGE after multivariable adjustment. In addition, similar correlation was also observed between HOMA-IR and UGE. HOMA-IR was negatively correlated with UGE after controlling for potential confounders. Moreover, an independent inverse relationship between HOMA-IR and the risk of high UGE was found (OR = 0.85, 95% CI: 0.78-0.93, p < 0.001). In conclusion, insulin levels and HOMA-IR were negatively correlated with UGE after adjusting for potential confounders. Subjects with increased insulin levels or IR were at a decreased risk of high UGE independent of blood glucose. The study suggests that insulin might affect UGE through other ways, in addition to the direct blood glucose-lowering effect, thereby resulting in reduced UGE.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(40): e12694, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30290664

RESUMO

This retrospective analysis aim to evaluate the potential risk factors for bone metastases (BM) in patients who were diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC).A total of 2790 patients diagnosed with CRC between January 2006 and December 2016 were collected in this study. All patients were divided into 2 groups, BM and no BM. The associations between biomarkers (including age, gender, histopathological types, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cancer antigen 125, and so on), and BM in patients with CRC were analyzed. All the analyses were conducted by SPSS software (version 22.0, SPSS, Chicago, IL).Of all patients, 74 (2.7%) were identified with BM. The level of serum ALP, CEA, and cancer antigen 125 in patients with BM were obviously higher than those without BM (P < .001, P = .005, and P < .001). And the cut-off values of ALP, CEA, and cancer antigen 125 were 85.5 U/L, 6.9 mmol/L, and 16.8 mmol/L, respectively.ALP, CEA, and cancer antigen 125 were identified as the independent risk factors for BM in patients with CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/sangue , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Antígeno Ca-125/sangue , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
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