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1.
Food Chem ; 368: 130833, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425342

RESUMO

To investigate the influences of different subcritical water conditions on apple pomace pectic polysaccharides (APP) extraction, 20 samples were successfully prepared and systematically analyzed. At low temperature region (100-120 °C), extraction effect was predominant and extracted APP was high molecular weight, esterification degree and galacturonic acid content as well as light color. At middle temperature region (140 °C), the balance of extraction and degradation effects was reached and led to the highest APP yield (14.89%). At high temperature region (160-180 °C), degradation effect was predominant and led to serious degradation of APP and more extraction of co-extracts, which endowed the APP with low viscosity and good antioxidant activities in vitro. Overall, the relationship between different subcritical water conditions and APP properties are preliminarily illuminated, which not only provides a promising way for directed extraction of specific APP, but also promotes the potential application of subcritical water to commercial pectin.


Assuntos
Malus , Pectinas , Polissacarídeos , Viscosidade , Água
2.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-16, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619993

RESUMO

Glycoproteins formed by covalent links between oligosaccharide and polypeptides are abundant in various food sources. They are less sensitivity to gastrointestinal enzymes, and hence many of them undergo fermentation in the colon by microorganisms. Therefore, the confer various health benefits on the intestinal ecosystem. However, the current understanding of the effect of glycoproteins on intestinal microorganisms and gut health is limited. This is probably due to their heterogeneous structures and complex metabolic programming patterns. The structure and biological activities of glycoproteins and their microbial metabolites were summarized in this review. The metabolic pathways activated by intestinal bacteria were then discussed in relation to their potential benefits on gut health. Food-derived glycoproteins and their metabolites improve gut health by regulating the intestinal bacteria and improving intestinal barrier function, thereby amplifying immune response. The data reviewed here show that food-derived glycoproteins are promising candidates for preventing various gastrointestinal diseases. Further studies should explore the interaction mechanisms between intestinal microorganisms and host metabolites.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34709598

RESUMO

Listeria monocytogenes is a well-known foodborne pathogen that usually lives as biofilm to cope with unfavorable surroundings. Bacteriocins have been reported as antimicrobial compounds, and their bactericidal actions have been extensively studied, but their antibiofilm actions have rarely been studied. Previous study indicated that bacteriocin BMP32r has a broad-spectrum antibacterial activity. In this study, the efficacy of BMP32r against the planktonic bacteria, inhibition of forming biofilm, destruction of mature biofilm, and kill persisters of L. monocytogenes ATCC 15,313 was determined. BMP32r exhibited the bactericidal effect on L. monocytogenes planktonic bacteria. Crystal violet staining showed that sub-minimum inhibitory concentrations (SICs) of BMP32r (1/32 × MIC and 1/16 × MIC) significantly (p < 0.001) inhibit the biofilm formation. In addition, the results of CCK-8, plate count, ruthenium red staining, scanning electron microscopy, and real-time quantitative PCR assay showed that SICs of BMP32r reduced cell adhesion, exopolysaccharide production, quorum sensing, and virulence genes expression in biofilm formation. Moreover, higher concentrations of BMP32r (2 × MIC and 4 × MIC) disrupt the mature biofilm by killing the bacteria in the biofilm and kill L. monocytogenes persisters bacteria effectively. Therefore, BMP32r has promising potential as an antibiofilm agent to combat L. monocytogenes.

4.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 48: 116398, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547714

RESUMO

Despite the success of imatinib in CML therapy through Bcr-Abl inhibition, acquired drug resistance occurs over time in patients. In particular, the resistance caused by T315I mutation remains a challenge in clinic. Herein, we embarked on a structural optimization campaign aiming at discovery of novel Bcr-Abl inhibitors toward T315I mutant based on previously reported dibenzoylpiperazin derivatives. We proposed that incorporation of flexible linker could achieve potent inhibition of Bcr-AblT315I by avoiding steric clash with bulky sidechain of Ile315. A library of 28 compounds with amino acids as linker has been developed and evaluated. Among them, compound AA2 displayed the most potent activity against Bcr-AblWT and Bcr-AblT315I, as well as toward Bcr-Abl driven K562 and K562R cells. Further investigations indicated that AA2 could induce apoptosis of K562 cells and down regulate phosphorylation of Bcr-Abl. In summary, the compounds with amino acid as novel flexible linker exhibited certain antitumor activities, providing valuable hints for the discovery of novel Bcr-Abl inhibitors to overcome T315I mutant resistance, and AA2 could be considered as a candidate for further optimization.

5.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0254583, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34265023

RESUMO

In this experiment, response surface methodology was used to study the preparation of malic acid calcium salt from bovine bones assisted by ultrasonication. The results showed that the optimum conditions for ultrasound-assisted preparation of calcium malate from bovine bone were as follows: solid-liquid ratio 1:15, solid-acid ratio 1:1.5, ultrasonic power 200 W, ultrasonic temperature 35°C, and ultrasonication time 17 min. The efficiency of calcium recovery was 66.16%, and the purity was 92.54%. After three ultrasonic treatments of 17 min each, the calcium malate conversion rate of bovine bone reached 95.73%. Animal experiments showed that feeding bovine bone-derived calcium malate significantly increased alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and bone calcium content, reduced tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity, and maintained the balance of serum calcium and phosphorus. These results indicated that the ultrasonic method effectively ionized calcium in bovine bone, which provides a reference point for the industrial production of calcium products with bovine bone as the raw material.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Malatos , Animais , Osso e Ossos , Bovinos , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato
6.
Eur J Nutr ; 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185157

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Gut microbiota has been reported to contribute to either prevent or promote colorectal cancer (CRC), and treatment with probiotics might be a promising intervention method. The present study aimed to evaluate the potential anti-CRC effects of Lactobacillus coryniformis MXJ32 on a colitis-associated (CA)-CRC mouse model. METHODS: The CA-CRC mouse model was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/kg azoxymethane and followed by three 7-day cycles of 2% dextran sulfate sodium in drinking water with a 14-day recovery period. Mice were supplemented with L. coryniformis MXJ32 by oral gavage (1 × 109 CFU/day/mouse). The CA-CRC attenuating effects of this probiotic were assessed via intestinal barrier integrity, inflammation, and gut microenvironment. RESULTS: Treatment with L. coryniformis MXJ32 could significantly inhibit the total number of tumors and the average tumor diameter. This probiotic administration prevented the damage of intestinal barrier function by enhancing the expression of tight junction proteins (Occludin, Claudin-1, and ZO-1) and recovering the loss of goblet cells. Moreover, L. coryniformis MXJ32 alleviated intestinal inflammation via down-regulating the expression of inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-γ, and IL-17a) and chemokines (Cxcl1, Cxcl2, Cxcl3, Cxcl5, and Ccl7). In addition, L. coryniformis MXJ32 supplementation increased the abundance of some beneficial bacteria (such as SCFAs-producing bacteria, Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Akkermansia, and Faecalibaculum) and decreased the abundance of some harmful bacteria (such as pro-inflammatory bacteria, Desulfovibrio and Helicobacter), which in turn attenuated the overexpression of inflammation. CONCLUSION: Lactobacillus coryniformis MXJ32 could effectively ameliorate CA-CRC via regulating intestinal microenvironment, alleviating inflammation, and intestinal barrier damage, which further suggested that L. coryniformis MXJ32 could be considered as a functional food ingredient for the alleviation of CA-CRC.

7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(21): 5887-5896, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34013725

RESUMO

Egg white ovomucin (OVM) is homologically related to MUC2, the key component of colonic mucous layer. This study investigated the effects of orally administered OVM from egg white on the colonic mucosal barrier and the development of colitis using a colitis C57BL/6J mice model. The results showed that daily supplementation of 125 and 250 mg/kg BW of OVM partially relieved the villous destruction and loss of intestinal barrier integrity, and hence decreased the epithelial barrier permeability. The supplementation also reduced the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6. Besides, OVM administration significantly increased the relative abundance of intestinal beneficial bacteria including Lactobacilli, Faecalibaculum, Ruminococcus, etc. and further upregulated the production of bacterial metabolites such as short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), which is a direct source of energy for the proliferation of epithelia and goblet cells. In conclusion, OVM from egg white ameliorates colitis by enhancing the intestinal barrier function and abundance of intestinal bacteria, thereby increasing the number of SCFAs.


Assuntos
Colite , Ovomucina , Animais , Bactérias/genética , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Colo , Sulfato de Dextrana , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Mucosa Intestinal , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
8.
Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins ; 13(6): 1632-1643, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33851347

RESUMO

The beneficial effects of probiotics on ameliorating ulcerative colitis (UC) have attracted much attention in recent years. Nevertheless, the number of these identified probiotics is still limited. In addition, the adhesion abilities of probiotics are considered to be a key determinant for probiotic efficacy. However, the relationship between the adhesion abilities of probiotics and their role in ameliorating UC has been poorly studied to date. This study measured the adhesion abilities of four Lactobacillus strains to Caco-2 cells and their anti-adhesion effects on Caco-2 cells against pathogenic bacteria, as well as their application in ameliorating the symptoms of dextran sulfate sodium-induced UC, and further illustrated the relationship between these two potential probiotic properties of probiotics and their beneficial effects on UC. Results suggested that the adhesion abilities of the four tested Lactobacillus strains exists highly strain-specific and the mechanisms of their anti-adhesion effect on Caco-2 cells against Escherichia coli may be different. Moreover, all these strains had promising effects on ameliorating UC by reducing inflammatory response and improving the intestinal mucosal barrier function, as well as promoting the production of SCFAs. In conclusion, the four tested Lactobacillus strains can be considered as alternative dietary supplements in alleviating UC. In addition, it could be concluded that there is no significant correlation between the adhesion abilities of probiotics and their role in ameliorating UC, which further illustrated that the adhesion properties of probiotics in vitro may not be suitable as the key criterion for screening potential strains with UC-alleviating effects.

9.
Food Res Int ; 140: 110013, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33648245

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to compare the edible quality of liquid egg after steaming, baking, frying and microwaving. Texture profile analysis (TPA) and color analysis were used to evaluate the sensory characteristics of cooked eggs. The fat, vitamin A and E, protein and amino acid content of cooked eggs and the antioxidant activity after in vitro digestion were determined to display the variations in nutritional value. TPA results demonstrate that baked egg exhibited a softer and more elasticity texture, with a significant lower hardness of 3234 g than fried and microwaved eggs (p < 0.05). This is also consistent with the results of cohesiveness and chewiness. Consequences from scanning electron microscope showed plentiful honeycomb structure in baked egg, which may be related to the soft and elasticity texture. However, significantly higher contents of fat, vitamins A and E, protein were determined in fried egg (p < 0.05), which may be related to its lower moisture content. The strongest free radical scavenging efficiency for the hydroxyl, the DPPH and the superoxide radical were found in the gastrointestinal digestion of fried egg, with the rate of 95.76%, 81.08%, and 91.08%, respectively. Overall, baked egg showed superior soft and elasticity taste characteristics due to its honeycomb structure, while fried egg exhibited better antioxidant activity because of its high contents in vitamins and amino acids. The above results provide potential approach for the manufacture of pre-cooked eggs and related products using liquid eggs as ingredients.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Ovos , Culinária , Digestão , Ovos/análise , Vitaminas
10.
Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf ; 20(1): 863-899, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443793

RESUMO

Bacteriocins are generally considered as low-molecular-weight ribosomal peptides or proteins synthesized by G+ and G- bacteria that inhibit or kill other related or unrelated microorganisms. However, low yield is an important factor restricting the application of bacteriocins. This paper reviews mining methods, heterologous expression in different systems, the purification technologies applied to bacteriocins, and identification methods, as well as the antibacterial mechanism and applications in three different food systems. Bioinformatics improves the efficiency of bacteriocins mining. Bacteriocins can be heterologously expressed in different expression systems (e.g., Escherichia coli, Lactobacillus, and yeast). Ammonium sulfate precipitation, dialysis membrane, pH-mediated cell adsorption/desorption, solvent extraction, macroporous resin column, and chromatography are always used as purification methods for bacteriocins. The bacteriocins are identified through electrophoresis and mass spectrum. Cell envelope (e.g., cell permeabilization and pore formation) and inhibition of gene expression are common antibacterial mechanisms of bacteriocins. Bacteriocins can be added to protect meat products (e.g., beef and sausages), dairy products (e.g., cheese, milk, and yogurt), and vegetables and fruits (e.g., salad, apple juice, and soybean sprouts). The future research directions are also prospected.


Assuntos
Bacteriocinas , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bacteriocinas/genética , Bovinos , Escherichia coli/genética , Lactobacillus , Leite
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 770: 145321, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33515886

RESUMO

The conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to bioethanol is a potential approach to alleviate the energy crisis and environmental deterioration. To improve the conversion efficiency of bioethanol from wheat straw (WS), the optimization of subcritical water pretreatment and high solid hydrolysis were investigated in this study. Response surface methodology (RSM) accompanied with glucose concentration after enzymatic hydrolysis as a more reasonable response value was applied for the pretreatment optimization, and the optimum conditions were obtained as 220.51 °C of extraction temperature, 22.01 min of extraction time and 2.50% (w/v) of substrate loading. After pretreatment, the hemicellulose decreased by 18.37%, and the cellulose and lignin increased by 25.92% and 8.81%, respectively, which were consistent with the destroyed microstructure and raised crystallinity. The high efficiency of separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF) was verified by five commercial cellulases, and yields of hydrolysis and fermentation were 77.85-89.59% and 93.34-96.18%, respectively. Based on the high solid (15%) hydrolysis and fermentation, the ethanol concentration was significantly improved to 37.00 g/L. Interestingly, 64.47% of lignin was accumulated in the solid residue after enzymatic hydrolysis and it did not affect the efficiency of SHF, which further suggested that subcritical water mainly affected the structure of WS rather than the removal of lignin. Therefore, subcritical water pretreatment combined with high solid hydrolysis is a more effective solution for bioethanol conversion, which is also a promising strategy to utilize all components of lignocellulosic biomass.


Assuntos
Triticum , Água , Biomassa , Fermentação , Hidrólise , Lignina/metabolismo , Triticum/metabolismo
12.
Bioorg Chem ; 108: 104551, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33353807

RESUMO

We previously developed two candidates with potency of inducing vascular normalization, BD7 and B14. However, the definite intracellular molecular target(s) responsible for their activity remains unknown. Herein, we report the discovery and functional assessment of several multifunctional photoaffinity probes for determining the potential biological targets of active compounds. The probes bear a photoaffinity moiety and a bioorthogonal unit attached to B7 or B14 and maintained the bioactivity of the parent active molecules. Using in vitro biological assays, we preliminarily identified VEGFR-2 as a potential intracellular target for the active candidates. Our results demonstrate the utility of these multifunctional photoaffinity probes for analyzing the biological activity and subcellular localization of the intracellular target proteins of active candidates.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores da Angiogênese/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
13.
J Dairy Sci ; 104(2): 1474-1483, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33246623

RESUMO

There is an increasing demand for dairy products, but the presence of food-spoilage bacteria seriously affects the development of the dairy industry. Bacteriocins are considered to be a potential antibacterial or antibiofilm agent that can be applied as a preservative. In this study, bacteriocin BM173 was successfully expressed in the Escherichia coli expression system and purified by a 2-step method. Furthermore, it exhibited a broad-spectrum antibacterial activity, high thermal stability (121°C, 20 min), and broad pH stability (pH 3-11). Moreover, the minimum inhibitory concentration values of BM173 against E. coli ATCC 25922 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 were 14.8 µg/mL and 29.6 µg/mL, respectively. Growth and time-kill curves showed that BM173 exhibited antibacterial and bactericidal activity. The results of scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy demonstrated that BM173 increased membrane permeability, facilitated pore formation, and even promoted cell lysis. The disruption of cell membrane integrity was further verified by propidium iodide uptake and lactic dehydrogenase release. In addition, BM173 exhibited high efficiency in inhibiting biofilm formation. Therefore, BM173 has promising potential as a preservative used in the dairy industry.


Assuntos
Bacteriocinas/isolamento & purificação , Bacteriocinas/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/fisiologia , Lactobacillus/química , Staphylococcus aureus/fisiologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Conservantes de Alimentos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
14.
Eur J Med Chem ; 205: 112654, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32750566

RESUMO

Our recent investigation is focused on the discovery of anti-angiogenesis agents. Vascular normalization induced by anti-angiogenic agent appears to be a promising strategy. We have developed novel angiogenesis inhibitors with potency of promoting vascular normalization. Herein, we reported the design, synthesis and preliminary evaluation of proteolysis-targeting chimera (PROTACs) based on the previously developed anti-angiogenesis agents. Two PROTACs exhibited potent VEGFR-2 inhibition and anti-proliferative activity against HUVECs. Moreover, they were capable of reducing protein levels of VEGFR-2 in EA.hy926 cells without significant cytotoxicity against HEK293 cells. The novel PROTACs could be used to normalize the abnormal vessels, resulting in efficient delivery of drugs.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/química , Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HEK293 , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/citologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores
15.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 164: 2162-2176, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791267

RESUMO

Bacteriocins are a subclass of antibacterial peptides considered to be the most promising alternative to antibiotics. A large number of unknown bacteriocins are hidden in lactic acid bacteria. In this study, by combining the genome with LC-MS/MS, 14 novel bacteriocins produced by Lactobacillus rhamnosus LS-8 were detected. Moreover, these bacteriocins were successfully cloned via plasmid pET-28a(+) and pET-30a(+) and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli BL21. Escherichia coli ATCC25922 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC25923 were used to confirm their antibacterial activity. Subsequently, the four bacteriocins (pH 25, S68, S81, and S137) with the strongest antibacterial ability were selected, and their expression conditions were optimized. Purification was performed by cation exchange chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography, and the active parts were collected and analyzed by mass spectrometry. The mass spectrometry analysis revealed that peptide coverage was >71.39%. The MICs of the four bacteriocins against four pathogenic bacteria ranged from 5.38 to 19.84 µg/mL. In addition, these bacteriocins significantly inhibited the growth of four standard pathogenic bacteria. They also exhibited broad-spectrum bacteriostasis on Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Therefore, these new bacteriocins have great potential in the study of alternative antibiotics.


Assuntos
Bacteriocinas/metabolismo , Lactobacillus rhamnosus/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bacteriocinas/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/métodos , Plasmídeos/metabolismo , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 164: 845-854, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702420

RESUMO

Multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacterial infection still poses a serious threat to public health, therefore, effective and safe antimicrobial agents are urgently needed. In this study, recombinant bacteriocin BMP32 (BMP32r) prepared by the Escherichia coli expression system had a broad-spectrum antibacterial activity even against some MDR bacteria and its minimum inhibitory concentration ranged from 9.2 to 36.8 mg/L. Furthermore, BMP32r showed good stable performance in heat, pH and storage. Moreover, the scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope revealed that BMP32r killed indicator strains through cell wall destruction, pore formation, and the membrane permeability increasing which was proved by propidium iodide uptake investigation. The wound healing of an animal MDR S. aureus infected model was promoted by BMP32r, and the safety was verified by the cytotoxicity assay that the viability of HFF cells remained 87.3% in even when the concentration of BMP32r was as high as 147.2 mg/L. In addition, no abnormalities or damages to major organs was found in vivo assessments after treatment with BMP32r. In conclusion, BMP32r has great potential to be developed as a safe antimicrobial agent to treat MDR bacterial infections.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Bacteriocinas/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/efeitos dos fármacos , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Bacteriocinas/química , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/patogenicidade , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/patogenicidade , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 162: 385-393, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569696

RESUMO

Intestinal dysfunction, which may cause a series of metabolic diseases, has become a worldwide health problem. In the past few years, studies have shown that consumption of poultry eggs has the potential to prevent a variety of metabolic diseases, and increasing attention has been directed to the bioactive proteins and their peptides in poultry eggs. This review mainly focused on the biological activities of an important egg-derived protein named ovomucin. Ovomucin and its derivatives have good anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, immunity-regulating and other biological functions. These activities may affect the physical, biological and immune barriers associated with intestinal health. This paper reviewed the structure and the structure-activity relationship of ovomucin,the potential role of ovomucin and its derivatives in modulation of intestinal health are also summarized. Finally, the potential applications of ovomucin and its peptides as functional food components to prevent and assist in the pretreatment of intestinal health problems are prospected.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Galinhas/metabolismo , Proteínas do Ovo/metabolismo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Ovomucina/metabolismo , Animais , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Ovos , Mucosa Intestinal/imunologia , Ácido N-Acetilneuramínico/metabolismo , Ovomucina/química , Ovomucina/imunologia , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Aves Domésticas , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
Braz J Microbiol ; 51(4): 2033-2048, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32537676

RESUMO

Bacteriocins are ribosomally synthesized peptides with antibacterial activity against food-borne pathogenic bacteria that cause spoilage, possessing important potential for use as a natural preservative in the food industry. The novel bacteriocin BM1300 produced by Lactobacillus crustorum MN047 was identified after purification in this study. It displayed broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against some selected Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of BM1300 against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 were 13.4 µg/mL and 6.7 µg/mL, respectively. Moreover, BM1300 showed excellent thermal (between 60 and 120 °C), pH (2-11), and chemical (Tween-40, Tween-80, Triton X-100, and EDTA) stabilities. Time-kill curves revealed that BM1300 exhibited bactericidal activity against S. aureus and E. coli. The scanning and transmission electron microscopy indicated that BM1300 acted by disrupting the cell membrane integrity and increasing cell membrane permeabilization of indicator bacteria. The disruption of cell membrane integrity caused by BM1300 was further demonstrated by the uptake of propidium iodide (PI) and the release of intracellular lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and nucleic acid and proteins. Moreover, BM1300 affected cell cycle distribution to exert antibacterial activity collaboratively. Meanwhile, BM1300 inhibited the growth of S. aureus and E. coli of beef meat and improved the microbiological quality of beef meat. These findings place BM1300 as a potential biopreservative in the food industry.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bacteriocinas/farmacologia , Lactobacillus/química , Animais , Antibacterianos/classificação , Eritrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/classificação , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemólise , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
19.
J Food Sci ; 85(5): 1523-1535, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282078

RESUMO

Bacteriocins are defined as ribosomally synthesized antibacterial peptides/proteins that either kill or inhibit the growth of other bacteria. In the present study, the physicochemical properties, mode of action, and potential use in food preservation of a novel bacteriocin BM1122 from Lactobacillus crustorum MN047 were studied. It exhibited a broad inhibitory spectrum against selected Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Kinetic curves revealed efficient time-dependent bactericidal activity. Moreover, BM1122 possessed low hemolytic activity and good thermal stability between 60 and 120 °C. It was resistant to a wide range of pH (2 to 11) and proteinases. The scanning and transmission electron microscopy showed that BM1122 led to plasmolysis of Staphylococcus aureus and pore formation in Escherichia coli. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that BM1122 destroyed cell membrane integrity. Additionally, BM1122 could also inhibit biofilm formation and disturb the normal cell cycles of S. aureus and E. coli. Finally, BM1122 may enhance the inhibition of S. aureus and E. coli on beef meat stored at 4 °C for a duration of 10 days. These findings indicated that BM1122 had the potential for use as a natural preservative in the food industry. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Fresh raw meats are highly perishable products. Bacteriocin BM1122 with a broad antibacterial spectrum can inhibit the growth of microorganisms in beef meat during refrigerated storage.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bacteriocinas/farmacologia , Lactobacillus/química , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Bacteriocinas/química , Bacteriocinas/metabolismo , Bovinos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Conservação de Alimentos , Lactobacillus/metabolismo , Carne Vermelha/microbiologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
20.
Front Microbiol ; 11: 281, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174898

RESUMO

The composting ecosystem provides a potential resource for finding new microorganisms with the capability for cellulose degradation. In the present study, Congo red method was used for the isolating of thermostable lignocellulose-degrading bacteria from chicken manure compost. A thermophilic strain named as Geobacillus thermodenitrificans Y7 with acid-resident property was successfully isolated and employed to degrade raw switchgrass at 60°C for 5 days, which resulted in the final degradation rates of cellulose, xylan, and acid-insoluble lignin as 18.64, 12.96, and 17.21%, respectively. In addition, GC-MS analysis about aromatic degradation affirm the degradation of lignin by G. thermodenitrificans Y7. Moreover, an endocellulase gene belong to M42 family was successfully cloned from G. thermodenitrificans Y7 and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21. Recombinant enzyme Cel-9 was purified by Ni-NTA column based the His-tag, and the molecular weight determined as 40.4 kDa by SDA-PAGE. The characterization of the enzyme Cel-9 indicated that the maximum enzyme activity was realized at 50°C and pH 8.6 and, Mn2+ could greatly improve the CMCase enzyme activity of Cel-9 at 10 mM, which was followed by Fe2+ and Co2+. Besides, it also found that the ß-1,3-1,4, ß-1,3, ß-1,4, and ß-1,6 glucan linkages all could be hydrolyzed by enzyme Cel-9. Finally, during the application of enzyme Cel-9 to switchgrass, the saccharification rates achieved to 1.81 ± 0.04% and 2.65 ± 0.03% for 50 and 100% crude enzyme, respectively. All these results indicated that both the strain G. thermodenitrificans Y7 and the recombinant endocellulase Cel-9 have the potential to be applied to the biomass industry.

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