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1.
Gels ; 7(4)2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34698122

RESUMO

Joint diseases that mainly lead to articular cartilage injury with prolonged severe pain as well as dysfunction have remained unexplained for many years. One of the main reasons is that damaged articular cartilage is unable to repair and regenerate by itself. Furthermore, current therapy, including drug therapy and operative treatment, cannot solve the problem. Fortunately, the micro-/nanoparticle hybrid hydrogel platform provides a new strategy for the treatment of articular cartilage-related diseases, owing to its outstanding biocompatibility, high loading capability, and controlled release effect. The hybrid platform is effective for controlling symptoms of pain, inflammation and dysfunction, and cartilage repair and regeneration. In this review, we attempt to summarize recent studies on the latest development of micro-/nanoparticle hybrid hydrogel for the treatment of articular cartilage-related diseases. Furthermore, some prospects are proposed, aiming to improve the properties of the micro-/nanoparticle hybrid hydrogel platform so as to offer useful new ideas for the effective and accurate treatment of articular cartilage-related diseases.

2.
Annu Rev Med ; 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555295

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) arise from a convergence of genetic risk, environmental factors, and gut microbiota, where each is necessary but not sufficient to cause disease. Emerging evidence supports a bidirectional relationship between disease progression and changes in microbiota membership and function. Thus, the study of the gut microbiome and host-microbe interactions should provide critical insights into disease pathogenesis as well as leads for developing microbiome-based diagnostics and interventions for IBD. In this article, we review the most recent advances in understanding the relationship between the gut microbiota and IBD and highlight the importance of going beyond establishing description and association to gain mechanistic insights into causes and consequences of IBD. The review aims to contextualize recent findings to form conceptional frameworks for understanding the etiopathogenesis of IBD and for the future development of microbiome-based diagnostics and interventions. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Medicine, Volume 73 is January 2022. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.

3.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(7)2021 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34356065

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thousands of genetic variants have been associated with hematological traits, though target genes remain unknown at most loci. Moreover, limited analyses have been conducted in African ancestry and Hispanic/Latino populations; hematological trait associated variants more common in these populations have likely been missed. METHODS: To derive gene expression prediction models, we used ancestry-stratified datasets from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA, including n = 229 African American and n = 381 Hispanic/Latino participants, monocytes) and the Depression Genes and Networks study (DGN, n = 922 European ancestry participants, whole blood). We then performed a transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS) for platelet count, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and white blood cell count in African (n = 27,955) and Hispanic/Latino (n = 28,324) ancestry participants. RESULTS: Our results revealed 24 suggestive signals (p < 1 × 10-4) that were conditionally distinct from known GWAS identified variants and successfully replicated these signals in European ancestry subjects from UK Biobank. We found modestly improved correlation of predicted and measured gene expression in an independent African American cohort (the Genetic Epidemiology Network of Arteriopathy (GENOA) study (n = 802), lymphoblastoid cell lines) using the larger DGN reference panel; however, some genes were well predicted using MESA but not DGN. CONCLUSIONS: These analyses demonstrate the importance of performing TWAS and other genetic analyses across diverse populations and of balancing sample size and ancestry background matching when selecting a TWAS reference panel.

4.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 149: 109832, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311877

RESUMO

Haloalkane dehalogenase DhaA catalyzes the hydrolytic cleavage of carbon-halogen bonds and produces alcohol, a proton and a halide. However, DhaA suffers from the poor environmental stability, such as sensitivity to high temperature, low pH, hypersaline and organic solvent. In order to improve the environmental stability of DhaA, DhaA was covalently conjugated with inulin, a hydrophilic polysaccharide in the present study. Each DhaA was averagely conjugated with 7∼8 inulin molecules. The conjugated inulin could form a hydration layer around DhaA, which increased the conformational rigidity and decreased the entropy of the enzyme. Conjugation of inulin maintained 75.5 % of the enzymatic activity of DhaA and slightly altered the structure of DhaA. As compared with DhaA, the conjugate (inu-DhaA) showed slightly different kinetic parameters (Km of 2.9 µmol/L and Kcat of 1.0 s-1). Inulin conjugation could delay the structural unfolding and/or slow the protonation process of DhaA under undesirable environment, including the long-term storage, low pH, hypersaline and organic solvent stability. As a result, the environmental stability of DhaA was markedly increased upon conjugation with inulin. Thus, inulin conjugation was an effective approach to enhance the environmental stability of DhaA.


Assuntos
Inulina , Rhodococcus , Hidrolases/genética , Hidrólise
6.
Science ; 372(6548)2021 06 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34140357

RESUMO

Brain regions communicate with each other through tracts of myelinated axons, commonly referred to as white matter. We identified common genetic variants influencing white matter microstructure using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging of 43,802 individuals. Genome-wide association analysis identified 109 associated loci, 30 of which were detected by tract-specific functional principal components analysis. A number of loci colocalized with brain diseases, such as glioma and stroke. Genetic correlations were observed between white matter microstructure and 57 complex traits and diseases. Common variants associated with white matter microstructure altered the function of regulatory elements in glial cells, particularly oligodendrocytes. This large-scale tract-specific study advances the understanding of the genetic architecture of white matter and its genetic links to a wide spectrum of clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Variação Genética , Substância Branca/fisiologia , Substância Branca/ultraestrutura , Encéfalo/anatomia & histologia , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Encefalopatias/genética , Cognição , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Feminino , Genoma Humano , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/genética , Herança Multifatorial , Vias Neurais , Neuroglia/fisiologia , Neurônios/fisiologia , Análise de Componente Principal , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Fatores de Risco , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem
7.
Virus Res ; 302: 198471, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34097933

RESUMO

Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is an important member of the family Flaviviridae and often causes immunosuppression. Previous studies have suggested that BVDV envelope protein Erns and the nonstructural autoprotease Npro can inhibit host innate immune responses. Herein, we found that BVDV NS4B, as a nonstructural protein necessary for replication, is involved in antagonizing the main RNA virus sensing pathway. Overexpression of BVDV NS4B protein significantly inhibited Sendai virus (SeV)-induced interferon-ß promoter activity, IFN-ß mRNA and IFN regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) phosphorylation levels. We also discovered that BVDV NS4B protein significantly inhibited RIG-I like receptor (RLRs)-mediated interferon-ß (IFN-ß) promoter activity and endogenous MDA5 mRNA levels. In addition, the BVDV NS4B protein directly interacts with N-terminal CARDs of MDA5, and co-localized with MDA5 or MDA5-2CARD in the cytoplasm. In summary, the results of this study indicate that the BVDV NS4B protein acts as an interferon-ß antagonist through inhibiting the MDA5-mediated signal transduction pathway. Our study provides an in-depth understanding of the molecular mechanisms of BVDV evading the host's natural immune response.

8.
Gastroenterology ; 161(3): 940-952.e15, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Perturbations in the early-life gut microbiome are associated with increased risk for complex immune disorders like inflammatory bowel diseases. We previously showed that maternal antibiotic-induced gut dysbiosis vertically transmitted to offspring increases experimental colitis risk in interleukin (IL) 10 gene deficient (IL10-/-) mice, a finding that may result from the loss/lack of essential microbes needed for appropriate immunologic education early in life. Here, we aimed to identify key microbes required for proper development of the early-life gut microbiome that decrease colitis risk in genetically susceptible animals. METHODS: Metagenomic sequencing followed by reconstruction of metagenome-assembled genomes was performed on fecal samples of IL10-/- mice with and without antibiotic-induced dysbiosis to identify potential missing microbial members needed for immunologic education. One high-value target strain was then engrafted early and/or late into the gut microbiomes of IL10-/- mice with antibiotic-induced dysbiosis. RESULTS: Early-, but not late-, life engraftment of a single dominant Bacteroides strain of non-antibiotic-treated IL10-/- mice was sufficient to restore the development of the gut microbiome, promote immune tolerance, and prevent colitis in IL10-/- mice that had antibiotic-induced dysbiosis. CONCLUSIONS: Restitution of a keystone microbial strain missing in the early-life antibiotic-induced gut dysbiosis results in recovery of the microbiome, proper development of immune tolerance, and reduced risk for colitis in genetically prone hosts.

9.
Angle Orthod ; 91(6): 794-803, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34061964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the biomechanical system of anterior retraction with clear aligner therapy (CAT) with and without an anterior mini-screw and elastics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Models including a maxillary dentition (without first premolars), maxilla, periodontal ligaments (PDLs), attachments, and aligners were constructed and imported to finite element software. Three model groups were created: (1) control (CAT alone), (2) labial elastics (CAT with elastics between the anterior mini-screw and buttons on central incisors), and (3) linguoincisal elastics (CAT with elastics between the anterior mini-screw and precision cuts on the lingual sides of the aligner). Elastic forces (0-300 g, in 50 g increments) were applied. RESULTS: CAT alone caused lingual tipping and extrusion of the incisors. Labial elastics caused palatal root torquing and intrusion and mesial tipping of the central incisors, while linguoincisal elastics produced palatal root torquing and intrusion of both central and lateral incisors. Second premolars were intruded in all three groups, with less intrusion in the linguoincisal elastics group. For the control group, stress was concentrated on both labial and lingual root surfaces, alveolar ridge, and cervical and apical PDLs. Stress was more concentrated in the labial elastics group and less concentrated in the linguoincisal elastics group. CONCLUSIONS: CAT produced lingual tipping and extrusion of incisors during anterior retraction. Anterior mini-screws and elastics can achieve incisor intrusion and palatal root torquing. Linguoincisal elastics are superior to labial elastics with a lower likelihood of buccal open bite. Root resorption and alveolar defects may occur in CAT, more likely for labial elastics and less likely for linguoincisal elastics.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Parafusos Ósseos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Torque
10.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2878, 2021 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34001886

RESUMO

Structural variations of the human brain are heritable and highly polygenic traits, with hundreds of associated genes identified in recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Transcriptome-wide association studies (TWAS) can both prioritize these GWAS findings and also identify additional gene-trait associations. Here we perform cross-tissue TWAS analysis of 211 structural neuroimaging and discover 278 associated genes exceeding Bonferroni significance threshold of 1.04 × 10-8. The TWAS-significant genes for brain structures have been linked to a wide range of complex traits in different domains. Through TWAS gene-based polygenic risk scores (PRS) prediction, we find that TWAS PRS gains substantial power in association analysis compared to conventional variant-based GWAS PRS, and up to 6.97% of phenotypic variance (p-value = 7.56 × 10-31) can be explained in independent testing data sets. In conclusion, our study illustrates that TWAS can be a powerful supplement to traditional GWAS in imaging genetics studies for gene discovery-validation, genetic co-architecture analysis, and polygenic risk prediction.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Pleiotropia Genética/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Herança Multifatorial/genética , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Humanos , Neuroimagem/métodos , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética
11.
Bioelectromagnetics ; 42(5): 398-406, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34033679

RESUMO

The application of static magnetic field (SMF) has been considered an effective and noninvasive method to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement. The objective of this study was to explore the effects of SMF on orthodontic tooth movement in mice. A total of 105 Balb/c mice (body mass: 25-30 g) were divided into experimental group (SMF + force, 48), control group (force only, 48), and blank group (neither SMF nor force, 9). After the placement of orthodontic appliances, the experimental group was exposed to the SMF environment generated by Neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB) magnets with an intensity of 20-204 mT. At 1, 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days after appliance insertion, eight animals in both experimental and control groups were sacrificed and the left maxillae were dissected to measure the distance of tooth movement, respectively. Meanwhile, the width of periodontal ligament (PDL), length of hyalinized zone, and the number of osteoclasts were evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining. We finally found that the experimental group demonstrated an enhanced rate and greater cumulative amount of tooth movement than the control group (0.2887 ± 0.0041 mm vs. 0.2114 ± 0.0089 mm, P < 0.05). On Days 7, 14, and 28, the experimental group also displayed a significantly greater width of PDL. Earlier formation and removal of the hyalinized zone, and significantly more osteoclasts were observed in the experimental group as well. The results suggested that SMF may be a promising nonsurgical intervention to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement. © 2021 Bioelectromagnetics Society.


Assuntos
Ligamento Periodontal , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Animais , Campos Magnéticos , Camundongos , Osteoclastos , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato
12.
PLoS Biol ; 19(4): e3001194, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33872303

RESUMO

Persisters represent a small subpopulation of non- or slow-growing bacterial cells that are tolerant to killing by antibiotics. Despite their prominent role in the recalcitrance of chronic infections to antibiotic therapy, the mechanism of their formation has remained elusive. We show that sorted cells of Escherichia coli with low levels of energy-generating enzymes are better able to survive antibiotic killing. Using microfluidics time-lapse microscopy and a fluorescent reporter for in vivo ATP measurements, we find that a subpopulation of cells with a low level of ATP survives killing by ampicillin. We propose that these low ATP cells are formed stochastically as a result of fluctuations in the abundance of energy-generating components. These findings point to a general "low energy" mechanism of persister formation.


Assuntos
Bactérias/metabolismo , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos/efeitos dos fármacos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ciclo do Ácido Cítrico/efeitos dos fármacos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Organismos Geneticamente Modificados
13.
Chemosphere ; 277: 130347, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780681

RESUMO

This study investigated physiological and biochemical changes in pakchoi at different growth stages (25 and 50 d) under different tris-(1-chloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TCIPP) treatments (10, 100, 500, and 1000 µg kg-1). The uptake and accumulation of TCIPP by pakchoi and variation of TCIPP speciation in soil were also determined. TCIPP decreased the length and fresh weight of pakchoi root compared with those in blank controls, and this effect was significant when the concentration of TCIPP was higher than 100 µg kg-1. The fresh weight of pakchoi stems and leaves, the chlorophyll content, and the activities of superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, and catalase in the leaves first increased and then decreased with increasing TCIPP concentration. The inflection point of the variation in these indices was 100 µg kg-1 TCIPP in soil. The contents of proline and malondialdehyde increased continuously with increasing TCIPP concentration. The uptake of TCIPP by pakchoi increased linearly with increasing TCIPP concentration, and the highest TCIPP concentrations in the roots, stems, and leaves were 275.9, 80.0, and 2126.3 µg kg-1, respectively. TCIPP was easily transferred from the roots to leaves of pakchoi, with translocation factor of up to 12.6. The content of bioavailable TCIPP in soil was high, accounting for 46.5%. Planting pakchoi could significantly reduce the content of bioavailable TCIPP, with removal rate of 39.9%-54.1%. After 50 d of planting pakchoi, the removal rate of TCIPP in soil (10.4%-18.6%) was significantly higher than that in the control without plant, but the contribution of phytoextraction was small, accounting for 2.62%-26.6%.


Assuntos
Brassica , Poluentes do Solo , Transporte Biológico , Fosfatos , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
14.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(7): 3634-3645, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724691

RESUMO

The role of epigenetic regulation in immunity is emerging, especially for RNA N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification. However, little is known about the role of m6A in the regulation of the immune microenvironment of periodontitis. Thus, we aim to investigate the impact of m6A modification in periodontitis immune microenvironment. The RNA modification patterns mediated by 23 m6A-regulators were systematically evaluated in 310 periodontitis samples. The impact of m6A modification on immune microenvironment characteristics was explored, including infiltrating immunocytes, immune reaction gene-sets and HLAs (human leukocyte antigen) gene. m6A phenotype-related immune genes were also identified. 17 m6A regulators were dysregulated and a 15-m6A regulator signature can well distinguish periodontitis and control samples. ALKBH5 and FMR1 are closely related to infiltrating monocyte abundance. ELAVL1 and CBLL1 are significant regulators in immune reaction of TNF_Family_Members_Receptors and Cytokine. The expression of HLA-B and HLA-DOA is affected by ALKBH5 and LRPPRC. 3 distinct RNA modification patterns mediated by 23 m6A regulators were identified. They differ from immunocyte abundance, immune reaction and HLA gene. 1631 m6A phenotype-related genes and 70 m6A-mediated immune genes were identified, and the biological functions of these were explored. Our finding demonstrated the m6A modification plays a crucial role in the diversity and complexity of the immune microenvironment of periodontitis.


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Microambiente Celular , Metilação , Periodontite/genética , Periodontite/imunologia , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA , RNA/metabolismo , Adenosina/química , Adenosina/fisiologia , Homólogo AlkB 5 da RNA Desmetilase/metabolismo , Proteína Semelhante a ELAV 1/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética , Proteína do X Frágil de Retardo Mental/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Periodontite/metabolismo , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
15.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 30(1): 71-79, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33097496

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests etiologic heterogeneity among breast cancer subtypes. Previous studies with six-marker IHC classification of intrinsic subtypes included small numbers of black women. METHODS: Using centralized laboratory results for estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor, HER2, proliferation marker, Ki-67, EGFR, and cytokeratin (CK)5/6, we estimated case-only and case-control ORs for established breast cancer risk factors among cases (n = 2,354) and controls (n = 2,932) in the African American Breast Cancer Epidemiology and Risk (AMBER) consortium. ORs were estimated by ER status and intrinsic subtype using adjusted logistic regression. RESULTS: Case-only analyses by ER status showed etiologic heterogeneity by age at menarche, parity (vs. nulliparity), and age at first birth. In case-control analyses for intrinsic subtype, increased body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were associated with increased risk of luminal A subtype, whereas older age at menarche and parity, regardless of breastfeeding, were associated with reduced risk. For basal-like cancers, parity without breastfeeding and increasing WHR were associated with increased risk, whereas breastfeeding and age ≥25 years at first birth were associated with reduced risk among parous women. Basal-like and ER-/HER2+ subtypes had earlier age-at-incidence distribution relative to luminal subtypes. CONCLUSIONS: Breast cancer subtypes showed distinct etiologic profiles in the AMBER consortium, a study of more than 5,000 black women with centrally assessed tumor biospecimens. IMPACT: Among black women, high WHR and parity without breastfeeding are emerging as important intervention points to reduce the incidence of basal-like breast cancer.

16.
Plant Dis ; 105(4): 1057-1064, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910729

RESUMO

Apple Marssonina leaf blotch (AMLB; Diplocarpon mali) is a severe disease of apple that mainly causes premature leaf defoliation in many apple growing areas worldwide. AMLB epidemic development is closely related to temperature and rainfall. In this study, the effects of temperature and moisture on conidium germination, infection on leaves, and acervulus production were investigated under controlled environments. The temperature required for conidium germination and infection ranged from 5 to 30°C, with the optimum at approximately 23°C. The temperature required for acervulus formation was slightly higher, with the optimum at 24.6°C. Wetness was needed in order for conidia to germinate and infect; only a few conidia germinated at 100% RH. However, lesions can produce acervuli in dry conditions. The minimum duration of leaf wetness required for conidia to complete the entire infection process was 14, 8, 4, and 6 h at 10, 15, 20, and 25°C, respectively. A model describing the effect of temperature and leaf wetness duration was built. The model estimated that the optimum temperature for conidial infection was 22.6°C and the minimum wetness duration required was 4.8 h. This model can be used to forecast D. mali conidial infection to assist in disease management in commercial apple production.


Assuntos
Malus , Ascomicetos , China , Germinação , Mali , Doenças das Plantas , Folhas de Planta , Esporos Fúngicos , Temperatura
17.
Eur J Orthod ; 43(3): 353-359, 2021 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Clear aligner is an advanced orthodontic method with benefits of comfort, aesthetics, and convenience. This study aimed to compare pain perception, anxiety, and impacts on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) between adult patients receiving clear aligners and fixed appliances during the initial stage of orthodontic treatments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The two groups were well matched by ages, gender, and levels of malocclusion severity. Pain perception, anxiety, and OHRQoL were assessed through visual analogue scale, state-trait anxiety inventory, and oral health impact profile-14 (OHIP-14), respectively. And the comparison of above scores was performed by two-way analysis of variance. RESULTS: A total of 110 patients (55 pairs) were enrolled in this study. Orthodontic pain levels peaked on the first day and decreased gradually afterwards in both groups, which were significantly higher in the fixed group on the first, second, fourth, and fifth days. Likewise, anxiety levels peaked on the first day and decreased thereafter, with significant difference on the 1st, 3d, 5th, 7th, and 14th days. Moreover, the OHIP-14 scores increased and peaked on the first day and then gradually decreased for both groups, which were also significantly higher in the fixed group on the 1st, 7th, and 14th days. LIMITATIONS: More malocclusion types should be used for group matching. The effect of exclusion of small groups should be taken into consideration in sample size calculation. Income was significantly unbalanced between two groups due to higher cost of clear aligners, and random assignment of treatment modalities was unfeasible. CONCLUSIONS: Patients treated with clear aligners experienced lower pain levels, less anxiety, and higher OHRQoL as compared to those receiving fixed appliances.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Adulto , Ansiedade/etiologia , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Má Oclusão/terapia , Aparelhos Ortodônticos/efeitos adversos , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Percepção da Dor , Qualidade de Vida
18.
Angle Orthod ; 91(2): 255-266, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378419

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of Forsus appliances with and without temporary anchorage devices (TADs) for patients with skeletal Class II malocclusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through a predefined search strategy, electronic searching was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CENTRAL, ProQuest Dissertations & Theses, and SIGLE with no language restrictions. Eligible study selection, data extraction, and evaluation of risk of bias (Cochrane Collaboration tool) were conducted by two authors independently and in duplicate. Any disagreement was solved by discussion or judged by a third reviewer. Statistical pooling, sensitivity analysis, subgroup analysis, and assessment of small-study effects were conducted by using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis and Stata 12.0. Heterogeneity was analyzed for different types of study designs, TADs, and radiographic examinations. RESULTS: Electronic search yielded a total of 256 studies after removing duplicates. Among them, six studies were finally included. All articles were of high quality. The pooled mean differences were -0.27 (95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.59, 0.05) for SNA, 0.58 (95% CI: -0.07, 1.23) for SNB, -0.86 (95% CI: -1.74, -0.03) for ANB, 1.63 (95% CI: 0.46, 2.80) for Co-Po, 0.75 (95% CI: 0.28, 1.23) for SN-MP, -7.56 (95% CI: -11.37, -3.76) for L1-MP, 0.47 (95% CI: -0.98, 1.91) for overjet, 0.39 (95% CI: -0.57, 1.35) for overbite, -1.84 (95% CI: -5.15, 1.47) for SN-OP, and 4.97 (95% CI: -1.22, 11.17) for nasolabial angle. CONCLUSIONS: TADs (especially miniplates) were able to eliminate dental adverse effects of Forsus appliances for correction of skeletal Class II malocclusion.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Funcionais , Sobremordida , Humanos , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Mandíbula , Ortodontia Corretiva
19.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 438, 2020 11 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33208145

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunity reaction plays an essential role in periodontitis progress and we aim to investigate the underlying regulatory network of immune reactions in periodontitis. METHODS: CIBERSORT was used to estimate immunocyte fractions in different clinical statuses. Logistic regression was used to assess the immunocyte weight in periodontitis. Immune-related periodontitis subtypes were identified by the Nonnegative Matrix Factorization algorithm. Gene-set enrichment analysis and Gene-set variation analysis were conducted to analyze pathway activities. Immunocytes related gene modules were identified by Weighted gene co-expression network analysis. RESULTS: Altered immunocytes in healthy versus periodontitis, aggressive versus chronic, male versus female and age were identified. Immunocytes enriched in periodontitis were calculated, and their correlation was also explored. Two distinct immune-related periodontitis subtypes were identified and one is characterized by B cell reactions and the other is IL-6 cytokine reactions. 463 statistically significant correlations between 22 immunocytes and pathways were revealed. Immunocytes and clinical phenotypes matched their gene modules, and their functions were annotated. Last, an easy-to-use and user-friendly interactive web-tool were developed for periodontitis related immune analysis and visualization ( https://118.24.100.193:3838/tool-PIA/ ). CONCLUSIONS: This study systematically investigated periodontitis immune atlas and caught a glimpse of the underlying mechanism of periodontitis from gene-pathway-immunocyte networks, which can not only inspire researchers but also help them in periodontitis related immune researches.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Algoritmos , Linfócitos B , Feminino , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Periodontite/genética
20.
J Glob Antimicrob Resist ; 23: 186-193, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011310

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an important multidrug-resistant pathogen that is associated with various serious nosocomial infections. In our study, we investigated the antimicrobial resistance traits of clinical S. maltophilia strain CYZ isolated from the sputum of an immunocompromised patient. METHODS: The whole genome sequence of S. maltophilia CYZ was investigated using a PacBio RS II system. The functions of all the predicted genes were annotated by the COG, GO and KEGG databases. Several types of antibiotics were selected to test the antimicrobial susceptibility, and a phylogenetic tree was constructed based on 16S rRNA gene sequence. RESULTS: The genome of S. maltophilia CYZ has a length of 4,517,685 bp and contains 4077 predicted genes, with an average G + C content of 66.65%. Functional genomic analysis via the annotations of the COG and GO databases revealed that the isolate exhibited specific means to resist antibiotics. The annotated genes involved in flagella, pili or fimbriae, biofilm formation, polysaccharide and cyclic di-GMP may contribute to promote the ability of antimicrobial resistance. This strain showed susceptibility to levofloxacin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and minocycline according to antimicrobial susceptibility testing. The phylogenetic relationship indicated that S. maltophilia CYZ was closely related to S. maltophilia strains isolated from the nosocomial environment. CONCLUSIONS: The current results give a better understanding of the genetic characteristics of antimicrobial resistance in S. maltophilia CYZ and provide a genetic basis for further study of the phenotype.


Assuntos
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Humanos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Stenotrophomonas maltophilia/genética
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