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1.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 12(10): 1539-1547, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637188

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the effect of Obtusifolin on retinal pigment epithelial cell growth under hypoxia. METHODS: In vitro chemical hypoxia model of ARPE-19 cells was established using cobalt chloride (CoCl2). Cell viability was tested by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Western blot and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction were applied to detect proteins and mRNAs respectively. Flow cytometry was used to examine the cell cycle. Secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was tested by using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: Under the chemical hypoxia model established by CoCl2, hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) mRNA and protein levels was up-regulated. Cell viability was increased and the proportion of S phase was higher. Obtusifolin could reduce cell viability under hypoxic conditions and arrest cells in G1 phase. Obtusifolin reduced the expression of Cyclin D1 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in the hypoxic environment and increased the expression of p53 and p21. The levels of VEGF, VEGFR2 and eNOS proteins and mRNA were significantly increased under hypoxia while Obtusifolin inhibited the increasing. CONCLUSION: Obtusifolin can inhibit cell growth under hypoxic conditions and down-regulate HIF-1/VEGF/eNOS secretions in ARPE-19 cells.

2.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 22(5): 1147-54, 2011 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21812287

RESUMO

A simulation experiment of short-term supplementation of UV-B was conducted to study the changes of chlorophyll fluorescence coefficients of alpine plant Saussurea superba under three typical weather conditions (sunny, cloudy, and shady) in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. When the weather changed from sunny to shady, the maximal quantum efficiency of PS II photochemistry (F(v)/F(m)) after 3 minutes of dark adaptation increased significantly, the actual photochemical efficiency of PS II (phi(PS II)) and photochemical quenching (q(P)) also increased, but the non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) decreased, demonstrating that PAR was the main factor affecting the PS II photochemical efficiency of S. superba. After the short-term supplementation of UV-B, the F(v)/F(m) and NPQ under the three typical weather conditions had a slight decrease but the phi(PS II) and q(P) had a slight increase, while the photosynthetic gas exchange had less change. The increasing trend of net photosynthetic rate P(n) and psi(PS II) under enhanced UV-B radiation could be related to the existence of more UV-A component, and also, benefited from the increased leaf thickness. UV-B radiation had potential negative effects on leaf photosynthetic components.


Assuntos
Fotossíntese/fisiologia , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema II/metabolismo , Saussurea/fisiologia , Raios Ultravioleta , Altitude , China , Fotossíntese/efeitos da radiação , Folhas de Planta/fisiologia , Saussurea/metabolismo
3.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 22(1): 53-60, 2011 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21548288

RESUMO

Taking the main companion species Saussurea superba in an alpine Kobresia humilis meadow on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau as test material, a UV-B exclusion experiment with UV-B excluding and UV-B transmitting filters was performed to study the effects of strong solar UV-B on the photosynthesis, photosynthetic pigments, and UV-B-absorbing compounds of S. superba, aimed to examine the adaptation capability of alpine plants to strong solar UV-B radiation. The removal of UV-B components from natural sunlight increased the net photosynthetic rate (P < 0.05) and PS II photochemistry efficiency of S. superba. The relatively increased leaf thickness under ambient UV-B could compensate the photo-oxidation of photosynthetic pigments, an inherent characteristic of alpine plants growing in intense UV-B. Short-term removal of UV-B radiation had no obvious effects on the UV-B-absorbing compounds, suggesting that these compounds in epidermal layer of S. superba could hardly be affected by the environment. It was concluded that the increase of photosynthetic pigment contents due to the enhancement of leaf thickness was a specious phenomenon, but the strong solar UV-B radiation on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau still had a potential negative impact on the photo-physiological processes in alpine plant S. superba.


Assuntos
Fotossíntese/fisiologia , Saussurea/fisiologia , Saussurea/efeitos da radiação , Luz Solar , Raios Ultravioleta , Altitude , China , Fotossíntese/efeitos da radiação , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema II/metabolismo , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema II/efeitos da radiação , Pigmentos Biológicos/análise , Saussurea/química
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