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1.
Nutrients ; 13(11)2021 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836325

RESUMO

The imbalance of high oxidative stress and low antioxidant capacities is thought to be a significant cause of the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the impact of oxidative stress, glutathione (GSH), and its related antioxidant enzymes on the recurrence of HCC has not been investigated. The purpose of this study was to compare the changes to oxidative stress and GSH-related antioxidant capacities before and after tumor resection in patients with HCC recurrence and non-recurrence. We also evaluated the prognostic significance of GSH and its related enzymes in HCC recurrence. This was a cross-sectional and follow-up study. Ninety-two HCC patients who were going to receive tumor resection were recruited. We followed patients' recurrence and survival status until the end of the study, and then assigned patients into the recurrent or the non-recurrent group. The tumor recurrence rate was 52.2% during the median follow-up period of 3.0 years. Patients had significantly lower plasma malondialdehyde level, but significantly or slightly higher levels of GSH, glutathione disulfide, trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity, glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione reductase (GR) activities after tumor resection compared to the respective levels before tumor resection in both recurrent and non-recurrent groups. GSH level in HCC tissue was significantly higher than that in adjacent normal tissue in both recurrent and non-recurrent patients. Decreased plasma GPx (HR = 0.995, p = 0.01) and GR (HR = 0.98, p = 0.04) activities before tumor resection, and the increased change of GPx (post-pre-resection) (HR = 1.004, p = 0.03) activity were significantly associated with the recurrence of HCC. These findings suggest there might be a possible application of GPx or GR as therapeutic targets for reducing HCC recurrence.

2.
Analyst ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34846387

RESUMO

Heavy metal ions (HMIs), including Cu2+, Ag+, Cd2+, Hg2+, and Pb2+ from the environment pose a threat to human beings and can cause a series of life-threatening diseases. Therefore, colorimetric sensors with convenience and flexibility for HMI discrimination are still required. To provide a solution, a peroxidase-like activity-based colorimetric sensor array of citrate-capped noble metal nanozymes (osmium, platinum, and gold) has been fabricated. Some studies reported that some HMIs could interact with the noble metal nanozymes leading to a change in their peroxidase-like activity. This phenomenon was confirmed in our work. Based on this principle, different concentrations of HMIs (Cu2+, Ag+, Cd2+, Hg2+, and Pb2+) were discriminated. Moreover, their practical application has been tested by discriminating HMIs in tap water and SiYu lake water. What is more, as an example of the validity of our method to quantify HMIs at nanomolar concentrations, the LOD of Hg2+ was presented. To sum up, our study not only demonstrates the differentiation ability of this nanozyme sensor array but also gives hints for using nanozyme sensor arrays for further applications.

3.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(8): 2818-2828, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664455

RESUMO

Taking the main production area of yam in North China Plain as the research area, we analyzed the status of soil fertility and fertilizer application in yam production through field investigation and tracking monitoring, examined soil nutrient balance using the input-output model of nutrients in agricultural system, and assessed the environmental risks in the yam planting system. The results showed that: 1) the contents of soil organic matter and total N were extremely low, and the contents of available P and available Zn were both low; both nitrate and available Cu contents were at the middle level, the contents of soil slowly available K, available S, and exchangeable Ca and Mg were all extremely high, the contents of available K, available Fe, and available Mn were all at high level; 2) The nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P2O5), and potassium (K2O) inputs were 575-943 kg·hm-2, 341-981 kg·hm-2, and 655-1219 kg·hm-2 during the whole growth period of yam, with chemical fertilizer accounting for 83.0%, 88.6%, and 91.3%, respectively; The input imbalance between organic and inorganic fertilizer, as well as the excessive nutrients input were prominent; 3) The surplus rate of soil nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium reached 271.14 kg·hm-2, 466.34 kg·hm-2, and 739.97 kg·hm-2, with corresponding surplus ratio of 48.7%, 258.1%, and 324.5%, respectively, which all exceeded the environmental safety threshold and were classified as moderate risk, severe risk, and severe risk, respectively. The overall environmental risk caused by chemical fertilizer application in yam production had reached severe risk level.


Assuntos
Dioscorea , Solo , China , Nutrientes , Medição de Risco
4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20269, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34642418

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is commonly present in critically ill patients with sepsis. Early prediction of short-term reversibility of AKI is beneficial to risk stratification and clinical treatment decision. The study sought to use machine learning methods to discriminate between transient and persistent sepsis-associated AKI. Septic patients who developed AKI within the first 48 h after ICU admission were identified from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III database. AKI was classified as transient or persistent according to the Acute Disease Quality Initiative workgroup consensus. Five prediction models using logistic regression, random forest, support vector machine, artificial neural network and extreme gradient boosting were constructed, and their performance was evaluated by out-of-sample testing. A simplified risk prediction model was also derived based on logistic regression and features selected by machine learning algorithms. A total of 5984 septic patients with AKI were included, 3805 (63.6%) of whom developed persistent AKI. The artificial neural network and logistic regression models achieved the highest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) among the five machine learning models (0.76, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.74-0.78). The simplified 14-variable model showed adequate discrimination, with the AUC being 0.76 (95% CI 0.73-0.78). At the optimal cutoff of 0.63, the sensitivity and specificity of the simplified model were 63% and 76% respectively. In conclusion, a machine learning-based simplified prediction model including routine clinical variables could be used to differentiate between transient and persistent AKI in critically ill septic patients. An easy-to-use risk calculator can promote its widespread application in daily clinical practice.

5.
Cancer Cell Int ; 21(1): 565, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702277

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oncostatin M (OSM) has been reported to be a key regulating factor in the process of tumor development. Previous studies have demonstrated both the promotion and inhibition effects of OSM in tumors, therefore inspiring controversies. However, no systematic assessment of OSM across various cancers is available, and the mechanisms behind OSM-related cancer progression remain to be elucidated. METHODS: Based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) databases, we conducted a pan-cancer analysis on OSM to explore its tumor-related functions across cancers as well as its correlations with specific molecules, cells in the tumor microenvironment. Considering the results of pan-cancer analysis, we chose the specific tumor glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) to screen out the OSM-induced signaling pathways and intercellular communications in tumor progression. Wound scratch assay, invasion assay and qRT-PCR were performed to verify the biological effects of OSM on glioblastoma cells. RESULTS: Higher OSM level was found in most tumor tissues compared with corresponding normal tissues, and the enhanced OSM expression was observed to be strongly related to patients' poor prognosis in several cancers. Moreover, the expression of OSM was associated with stromal and immune cell infiltration in the tumor microenvironment, and OSM-related immune checkpoint and chemokine co-expression were also observed. Our results suggested that OSM could communicate extensively with the tumor microenvironment. Taking GBM as an example, our study found that two critical signaling pathways in OSM-related tumor progression by KEGG enrichment analysis: Jak-STAT and NF-κB pathways. Single-cell RNA sequencing data analysis of GBM revealed that OSM was mainly secreted by microglia, and cell-cell interaction analysis proved that OSM-OSMR is an important pathway for OSM to stimulate malignant cells. In vitro, OSM treatment could facilitate the migration and invasion of glioblastoma cells, meanwhile promote the proneural-mesenchymal transition. The administration of STAT3 inhibitors effectively suppressed the OSM-mediated biological effects, which proved the key role of STAT3 in OSM signaling. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our study provides a comprehensive understanding with regard to the tumor progression under the regulation of OSM. OSM seems to be closely related to chronic inflammation and tumor development in the tumor microenvironment. As an important inflammatory factor in the tumor microenvironment, OSM may serve as a potential immunotherapeutic target for cancer treatment, especially for GBM.

6.
Cell Signal ; 88: 110157, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601098

RESUMO

SIRT2, a Class III HDACs, aggravates cell damage and activates caspase-3 under oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation and glucose (OGD/R) conditions. In this paper, we demonstrated the adverse effects of SIRT2 on cells after OGD/R attacks, which were mediated by increased interactions between SIRT2 and ANXA1, and explicated the mechanisms by which acetylated ANXA1 affects the activation and cleavage of caspase-3. We found that the acetylation level of ANXA1 was decreased through the its increased interactions with SIRT2 after the OGD/R insult. The lysine 312 residue (K312) was selected as the target site in ANXA1 because it is associated with SIRT2, and its mimic (K312Q) and silent (K312R) mutants were then established through site mutagenesis. Under OGD/R conditions, the acetylation mimic of K312Q ANXA1 accumulated in the cytoplasm, decreasing the activity levels of caspase-3 and the upstream initiator caspase-9, compared with the levels of WT and K312R ANXA1. Furthermore, K312Q ANXA1 intervened in the interactions of caspase-3 to caspase-9 by increasing the phosphorylation levels of caspase-9 and inhibited its cleavage by downregulating PRKAR2B, a regulatory subunit of protein kinase A (PKA). In this process, K312Q ANXA1 was found to be directly associated with PRKAR2B, diminishing its restriction on the catalytic subunit of PKA. In conclusion, acetylated ANXA1 can promote the phosphorylation of caspase-9 to decrease the activation of caspase-3 by enhancing the expression of a kinase upstream of caspase-9 after the OGD/R stimulation.

7.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(41)2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620711

RESUMO

The atrophic form of age-related macular degeneration (dry AMD) affects nearly 200 million people worldwide. There is no Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved therapy for this disease, which is the leading cause of irreversible blindness among people over 50 y of age. Vision loss in dry AMD results from degeneration of the retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE). RPE cell death is driven in part by accumulation of Alu RNAs, which are noncoding transcripts of a human retrotransposon. Alu RNA induces RPE degeneration by activating the NLRP3-ASC inflammasome. We report that fluoxetine, an FDA-approved drug for treating clinical depression, binds NLRP3 in silico, in vitro, and in vivo and inhibits activation of the NLRP3-ASC inflammasome and inflammatory cytokine release in RPE cells and macrophages, two critical cell types in dry AMD. We also demonstrate that fluoxetine, unlike several other antidepressant drugs, reduces Alu RNA-induced RPE degeneration in mice. Finally, by analyzing two health insurance databases comprising more than 100 million Americans, we report a reduced hazard of developing dry AMD among patients with depression who were treated with fluoxetine. Collectively, these studies identify fluoxetine as a potential drug-repurposing candidate for dry AMD.

8.
Front Immunol ; 12: 742925, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557201

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a prevalent chronic disease that results in loss of periodontal ligament and bone resorption. Triggered by pathogens and prolonged inflammation, periodontitis is modulated by the immune system, especially pro-inflammatory cells, such as T helper (Th) 17 cells. Originated from CD4+ Th cells, Th17 cells play a central role for they drive and regulate periodontal inflammation. Cytokines secreted by Th17 cells are also major players in the pathogenesis of periodontitis. Given the importance of Th17 cells, modulators of Th17 cells are of great clinical potential and worth of discussion. This review aims to provide an overview of the current understanding of the effect of Th17 cells on periodontitis, as well as a brief discussion of current and potential therapies targeting Th17 cells. Lastly, we highlight this article by summarizing the causal relationship between A20 (encoded by TNFAIP3), an anti-inflammatory molecule, and Th17 cell differentiation.

9.
Insects ; 12(9)2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564218

RESUMO

Eucalyptus species have become one of the most commonly planted trees worldwide, including China, due to their fast growth and various commercial applications. However, the productivity of Eucalyptus plantations has been threatened by exotic invasive insect pests in recent years. Among these pests, gall inducers of the genus Ophelimus of the Eulophidae family are among the most important invasive species in Eucalyptus plantations. We report here for the first time the presence of a new invasive Eucalyptus gall wasp, Ophelimus bipolaris sp. n., in Guangzhou, China, which also represents the first species of the genus reported from China. The identity of the new species was confirmed by an integrative approach combing biological, morphological and molecular evidence. The new species is described and illustrated. This wasp induces galls only on the leaf blade surface of four Eucalyptus species: E. grandis, E. grandis × E. urophylla, E. tereticornis and E. urophylla. Our preliminary observation showed that O. bipolaris could complete a life cycle on E. urophylla in approximately 2 months under local climatic conditions (23.5-30 °C). Considering the severe damage it may cause to Eucalyptus production, further investigations of its biology and control are urgently needed in China.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(37): 44541-44548, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494808

RESUMO

Extensive studies have laid the groundwork for understanding peroxidase-like nanozymes. However, improvements are still required before their practical applications. On one hand, it is significant to explore highly reactive nanozymes. On the other hand, it is necessary to avoid fouling formed on the surface of nanozymes, which will affect their activity and the results of H2O2 sensors or H2O2-related applications. Herein, a strategy is reported to design osmium nanoclusters (Os NCs) with the existence of bovine serum albumin (BSA) through biomineralization. BSA-Os NCs were found to possess intrinsic peroxidase-like activity with a high specific activity (6120 U/g). Studies also found that the catalytic activity of BSA-Os NCs was better than those of reported protein-assisted metal nanozymes (e.g., BSA-Pt NPs and BSA-Au NCs). More significantly, BSA has been confirmed as a protective shell to give Os NCs extrinsic antifouling property in some typical ions (e.g., Hg2+, Ag+, Pb2+, I-, Cr6+, Cu2+, Ce3+, S2-, etc.), saline (0-2 M), or protein (0-100 mg/mL) conditions. Under optimal conditions, a colorimetric sensor was established to realize a linear range of H2O2 from 1.25 to 200 µM with a low detection limit of 300 nM. On this basis, remarkable features enable a BSA-Os NCs-based colorimetric sensor to detect H2O2 from complex systems with clear color gradients. Together, this work highlights the advantages of protein-assisted Os nanozymes and provides a paragon for peroxidase-like nanozymes in H2O2-related applications.

12.
Anticancer Drugs ; 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371506

RESUMO

To explore the efficacy and safety of palbociclib combined with endocrine therapy (ET) in advanced breast cancer (ABC). We conducted a retrospective study involving patients with hormone receptor-positive (HR+) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-) ABC who received palbociclib combined with ET in the first- to third-line at three centers in China between January 2018 and October 2020. A total of 151 patients were included in this study. The median age of the patients at palbociclib initiation was 56 years (range 30-86 years) with a median follow-up of 10.9 months (range 2.0-41.2 months). Among these patients, 88 patients received palbociclib combined with ET as first-line therapy, and achieved a median progression-free survival (mPFS) of 19.8 months and an objective response rate (ORR) of 40.9%, meanwhile, in the first-line setting, 62 patients received palbociclib at an initial dose of 125 mg, achieving a mPFS of 20.9 months and an ORR of 46.8%. There were 39 and 24 patients who received palbociclib combined with ET as second- and third-line therapy, the mPFS were 10.0 months and 6.1 months, respectively. The most common and serious adverse events (AEs) were leukopenia and neutropenia. A total of 64 patients (42.4%) underwent palbociclib dose reduction due to AEs. Palbociclib combined with ET is an effective therapeutic regimen for HR+/HER2- ABC, particularly in the first-line setting with palbociclib initial dose of 125 mg, and AEs were manageable.

13.
Eur Radiol ; 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342692

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of intravenous iodinated contrast medium (ICM) administration on the deterioration of renal function (DRF), new renal replacement therapy (RRT) induction and mortality of hospitalized acute kidney injury (AKI) patients. METHODS: Adult hospitalized patients undergoing a contrast-enhanced or unenhanced CT scan within 7 days after AKI diagnosis from January 2015 to December 2019 were identified in this retrospective study. Propensity score matching was performed. Outcomes in 7 and 30 days after CT scan were compared between the contrast and non-contrast groups. Additional analyses were also performed in patients stratified by SCr levels at AKI diagnosis, times and time of CT scan, and in patients without chronic kidney disease or RRT requirement prior to CT scan. RESULTS: In total, 1172 pairs were generated after 1:1 propensity score matching from 1336 cases exposed to ICM and 2724 unexposed. No significant differences were found in the outcomes between the two groups: DRF, 7.8% vs 9.0% (odds ratio (OR) 0.83, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.62-1.11) in 7 days, 5.1% vs 5.4% (OR 0.93, 95%CI 0.64-1.34) in 30 days; new RRT induction, 2.3% vs 3.3% (OR 0.72,95%CI 0.43-1.18) in 7 days, 4.2% vs 4.5% (OR 0.95,95%CI 0.64-1.41) in 30 days; and mortality, 3.9% vs 4.8% (OR 0.83,95%CI 0.56-1.22) in 7 days, 9.0% vs 10.2% (OR 0.88,95%CI 0.68-1.15) in 30 days. Subset analyses showed similar results. CONCLUSION: Intravenous ICM administration during AKI duration did not increase the risks of DRF, new RRT induction, and mortality in 7 and 30 days after CT scan. KEY POINTS: • Intravenous ICM administration in hospitalized AKI patients does not increase the risks of deterioration of renal function, RRT induction, and mortality in 7 and 30 days after CT scan. • The effects of intravenous ICM on adverse outcomes are minimal even in AKI patients with high level of SCr values or multiple CT scans.

14.
Cancer Med ; 10(17): 6089-6098, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346560

RESUMO

Bilateral breast cancer (BBC) is an uncommon subset of breast cancer (BC), and it may present as synchronous bilateral breast cancer (sBBC) or metachronous bilateral breast cancer (mBBC). Through this study, we aimed to evaluate the proportion of BBC in BC and compare the clinicopathological characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of sBBC and mBBC at an academic cancer center in China. Patients with BC consecutively treated between 2006 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with BBC were included. In total, 3924 patients with BC were analyzed and 127 patients with BBC (28 sBBC, 99 mBBC) with a median follow-up of 98 months were identified. The proportion of BBC was 3.2% (0.7%, sBBC; 2.5%, mBBC). The median age at the first diagnosis of mBBC was significantly younger than that at the first diagnosis of sBBC (p = 0.027). Patients diagnosed as having sBBC were more likely to have a positive family history (p = 0.047). The first tumors of mBBC were detected at a significantly earlier tumor stage compared with those of sBBC (p = 0.028). The concordance rates of histopathologic type in the first and second tumors were 60.7% and 58.0% in sBBC and mBBC, respectively. sBBC had a significantly poorer disease-free survival than mBBC did (p = 0.001). BBC is a rare disease affecting the Chinese population. sBBC is associated with a greater prevalence of a family history of breast cancer and poorer prognosis, compared with mBBC.

15.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(59): 7292-7295, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34213519

RESUMO

By utilizing a supramolecular complex rather than an individual molecule as a deformable and elastic substitutional component, we put forward a solid-solution strategy and demonstrate an example of how two related yet non-isostructural crystalline host-guest compounds can form molecular solid solutions. Interestingly, such a strategy can effectively and continuously modulate the molecular motion and phase transition in them, as revealed by the variable-temperature/frequency dielectric responses.

16.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 15157, 2021 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34312443

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) correlates with increased health-care costs and poor outcomes in older adults. However, there is no good scoring system to predict mortality within 30-day, 1-year after AKI in older adults. We performed a retrospective analysis screening data of 53,944 hospitalized elderly patients (age > 65 years) from multi-centers in China. 944 patients with AKI (acute kidney disease) were included and followed up for 1 year. Multivariable regression analysis was used for developing scoring models in the test group (a randomly 70% of all the patients). The established models have been verified in the validation group (a randomly 30% of all the patients). Model 1 that consisted of the risk factors for death within 30 days after AKI had accurate discrimination (The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves, AUROC: 0.90 (95% CI 0.875-0.932)) in the test group, and performed well in the validation groups (AUROC: 0.907 (95% CI 0.865-0.949)). The scoring formula of all-cause death within 1 year (model 2) is a seven-variable model including AKI type, solid tumor, renal replacement therapy, acute myocardial infarction, mechanical ventilation, the number of organ failures, and proteinuria. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curves of model 2 was > 0.80 both in the test and validation groups. Our newly established risk models can well predict the risk of all-cause death in older hospitalized AKI patients within 30 days or 1 year.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Injúria Renal Aguda/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Modelos Estatísticos , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
17.
Chin J Integr Med ; 27(10): 760-766, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319507

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) in combination with leflunomide on the hamster-to-rat heart xenotransplant. METHODS: Transplantation of LVG hamster hearts to Lewis rats was performed by anastomosis of vessels in the neck using end-to-end anastomosis with a non-suture cuff technique. Four groups of recipient rats (n=6 in each) were treated with normal saline (control), As2O3 [5 mg/(kg·day) intraperitoneally], leflunomide [5 mg/(kg·d) orally], or leflunomide [5 mg/(kg·d)+As2O3 [5 mg/(kg·d)] in combination. Donor hearts and/or rat spleens were harvested and analyzed 4 days after transplantation. Quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis were performed to detect the expression of the nuclear factor erythroid-derived factor 2-related factor (Nrf2) and its target gene heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), Treg cell marker fork-head Box P3 (FOXP3), apoptosis-associated proteins Bcl-2, Bax, and cleaved caspase-3. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the levels of inflammatory natural killer cell and macrophage infiltration, intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and complement C3. RESULTS: Expression of Nrf2-ARE-HO-1 signaling pathway was upregulated in heart xenografts in rats treated with As2O3 plus leflunomide compared with control rats or rats treated with either drug alone (P<0.01), and this was accompanied by an increased Treg cells in the recipient rat spleen (P<0.01). In contrast, the expressions of Bax, cleaved caspase-3, ICAM-1, and complement C3, and infiltration of inflammatory cells in the xenografts were inhibited by As2O3 plus leflunomide treatment (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Combination treatment with As2O3 and leflunomide protected hamster heart-xenografts in recipient rats.


Assuntos
Transplante de Coração , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Animais , Apoptose , Trióxido de Arsênio , Cricetinae , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Leflunomida , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Transdução de Sinais , Doadores de Tecidos
18.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 2648065, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195260

RESUMO

The incidence of stomach diseases is very high, which has a significant impact on human health. Damaged gastric mucosa is more vulnerable to injury, leading to bleeding and perforation, which eventually aggravates the primary disease. Therefore, the protection of gastric mucosa is crucial. However, existing drugs that protect gastric mucosa can cause nonnegligible side effects, such as hepatic inflammation, nephritis, hypoacidity, impotence, osteoporotic bone fracture, and hypergastrinemia. Autophagy, as a major intracellular lysosome-dependent degradation process, plays a key role in maintaining intracellular homeostasis and resisting environmental pressure, which may be a potential therapeutic target for protecting gastric mucosa. Recent studies have demonstrated that autophagy played a dual role when gastric mucosa exposed to biological and chemical factors. More indepth studies are needed on the protective effect of autophagy in gastric mucosa. In this review, we focus on the mechanisms and the dual role of various biological and chemical factors regulating autophagy, such as Helicobacter pylori, virus, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. And we summarize the pathophysiological properties and pharmacological strategies for the protection of gastric mucosa through autophagy.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Antígenos de Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Homeostase , Humanos , Inflamação , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Úlcera Gástrica/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 22(1): 351, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fragment libraries play a key role in fragment-assembly based protein structure prediction, where protein fragments are assembled to form a complete three-dimensional structure. Rich and accurate structural information embedded in fragment libraries has not been systematically extracted and used beyond fragment assembly. METHODS: To better leverage the valuable structural information for protein structure prediction, we extracted seven types of structural information from fragment libraries. We broadened the usage of such structural information by transforming fragment libraries into protein-specific potentials for gradient-descent based protein folding and encoding fragment libraries as structural features for protein property prediction. RESULTS: Fragment libraires improved the accuracy of protein folding and outperformed state-of-the-art algorithms with respect to predicted properties, such as torsion angles and inter-residue distances. CONCLUSION: Our work implies that the rich structural information extracted from fragment libraries can complement sequence-derived features to help protein structure prediction.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Proteínas , Dobramento de Proteína , Proteínas/genética
20.
PeerJ ; 9: e11400, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34113486

RESUMO

Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) have become worldwide public health problems, but little information is known about the epidemiology of acute kidney disease (AKD)-a state in between AKI and CKD. We aimed to explore the incidence and outcomes of hospitalized patients with AKD after AKI, and investigate the prognostic value of AKD in predicting 30-day and one-year adverse outcomes. Methods: A total of 2,556 hospitalized AKI patients were identified from three tertiary hospitals in China in 2015 and followed up for one year.AKD and AKD stage were defined according to the consensus report of the Acute Disease Quality Initiative 16 workgroup. Multivariable regression analyses adjusted for confounding variables were used to examine the association of AKD with adverse outcomes. Results: AKD occurred in 45.4% (1161/2556) of all AKI patients, 14.5% (141/971) of AKI stage 1 patients, 44.6% (308/691) of AKI stage 2 patients and 79.6% (712/894) of AKI stage 3 patients. AKD stage 1 conferred a greater risk of Major Adverse Kidney Events within 30 days (MAKE30) (odds ratio [OR], 2.36; 95% confidence interval 95% CI [1.66-3.36]) than AKD stage 0 but the association only maintained in AKI stage 3 when patients were stratified by AKI stage. However, compared with AKD stage 0, AKD stage 2-3 was associated with higher risks of both MAKE30 and one-year chronic dialysis and mortality independent of the effects of AKI stage with OR being 31.35 (95% CI [23.42-41.98]) and 2.68 (95% CI [2.07-3.48]) respectively. The association between AKD stage and adverse outcomes in 30 days and one year was not significantly changed in critically ill and non-critically ill AKI patients. The results indicated that AKD is common among hospitalized AKI patients. AKD stage 2-3 provides additional information in predicting 30-day and one-year adverse outcomes over AKI stage. Enhanced follow-up of renal function of these patients may be warranted.

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