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Chin J Integr Med ; 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919749


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a 48-week course of adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) plus Chinese medicine (CM) therapy, namely Tiaogan Jianpi Hexue () and Tiaogan Jiedu Huashi () fomulae, in hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive Chinese patients. METHODS: A total of 605 HBeAg-positive Chinese CHB patients were screened and 590 eligible participants were randomly assigned to 2 groups in 1:1 ratio including experimental group (EG, received ADV plus CM) and control group (CG, received ADV plus CM-placebo) for 48 weeks. The major study outcomes were the rates of HBeAg and HBV-DNA loss on week 12, 24, 36, 48, respectively. Secondary endpoints including liver functions (enzymes and bilirubin readings) were evaluated every 4 weeks at the beginning of week 24, 36, and 48. Routine blood, urine, and stool analyses in addition to electrocardiogram and abdominal B scan were monitored as safety evaluations. Adverse events (AEs) were documented. RESULTS: The combination therapy demonstrated superior HBeAg loss at 48 weeks, without additional AEs. The full analysis population was 560 and 280 in each group. In the EG, population achieved HBeAg loss on week 12, 24, 36, and 48 were 25 (8.90%), 34 (12.14%), 52 (18.57%), and 83 (29.64%), respectively; the equivalent numbers in the CG were 20 (7.14%), 41 (14.64%), 54 (19.29%), and 50 (17.86%), respectively. There was a statistically significant difference between these group values on week 48 (P<0.01). No additional AEs were found in EG. Subgroup analysis suggested different outcomes among treatment patterns. CONCLUSION: Combination of CM and ADV therapy demonstrated superior HBeAg clearance compared with ADV monotherapy. The finding indicates that this combination therapy may provide an improved therapeutic effect and safety profile (ChiCTR-TRC-11001263).

Chin J Integr Med ; 2016 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27933509


OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of Shuanghu Qinggan Granule ( , SQG) plus Yigan Yiqi Jieyu Granule (, YYJG) combined with lamivudine (LAM) on chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. METHODS: The study was a multicenter, randomized, double-blinded and parallel controlled trial. A total of 320 patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups equally: 160 patients (treatment group) were given SQG and YYJG combined with LAM; and 160 patients (control group) were given LAM plus Chinese herb placebo, respectively. Liver functions, hepatitis B envelop antigen (HBeAg) titer levels, and hepatitis B virus DNA (HBV-DNA) load were monitored. RESULTS: (1) In the 48th week, the treatment group showed superior HBeAg seroconversion rate than that in the control group (38.0% vs. 24.0%, P<0.05). (2) In the 48th week, the treatment group demonstrated lower HBeAg titer than that in the control group (P<0.05). (3) In the 12th, 24th, 48th week, there was no statistical significance in HBV-DNA response rate between the two groups. (4) In the 12th week, the level of glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) was significantly decreased in the treatment group compared with the control group (P<0.05); in the 36th week, the levels of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate transaminase were significantly lower in the treatment group than those in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The protocol of SQG and YYJG combined with LAM to treat CHB showed superior efficacy than LAM monotherapy.

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 15(1): 16-8, 2007 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17244452


OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relationships among HBV genotypes, HBV DNA levels and histopathological features of the livers of familial grouped hepatitis B patients in the Tianjin area. METHODS: One hundred familial grouped hepatitis B (CHB) patients were enrolled in this study. Thirty-five of the 100 patients were chronic asymptomatic HBsAg carriers (ASC) and 65/100 were mild CHB patients. Their HBV genotypes and HBV-DNA levels were detected and liver biopsies were performed for analyzing the pathological features. RESULTS: Seven patients were of HBV genotype B (7%), and most of them had a HBV DNA level in the middle 10(3-5) copies/ml (57.14%). The histopathological features of the livers were of different degrees of injury. Eleven patients HBV was of genotype BC (11%); their HBV DNA levels were from 10(3-5) copies/ml (45.45%) to 10(6-7)copies/ml (36.36%). Their liver pathology showed slight or severe injuries (< or = G2 90.91%, < or = S(2) 81.82%). Eighty-two patients HBV was of genotype C (82%), and among the 82, 29 were ASC and 53 were CHB. Among the ASC, most of them had a high HBV DNA level (72.41%), and all of them had different degrees of liver injury. Among the CHB, their HBV DNA levels were 10(6-7) copies/ml (39.62%) and more than or equal 10(8) copies/ml (49.06%). The liver histopathological features were > or = G(2) in 38 patients (71.70%), and > or = S(2) in 25 patients (47.17%). CONCLUSIONS: (1) In the majority, HBV of the family gathered hepatitis B patients living in Tianjin is of genotype C and they have a high HBV-DNA level and severe liver pathological injuries. These features of the family gathered hepatitis B patients are the main factors causing the unfavorable prognosis of the patients. (2) There is inflammation of different degrees in the livers and high HBV DNA levels in all the family gathered ASC patients. Antiviral therapy should be planned according to the pathological features in patients livers. (3) Liver biopsies should be performed routinely before their antiviral therapy.

Genótipo , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/fisiologia , Hepatite B Crônica/patologia , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , DNA Viral , Feminino , Hepatite B Crônica/genética , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem , Carga Viral , Adulto Jovem