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1.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 99, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414397

RESUMO

The letter to the editor made several comments on possible issues in the recent article by Zhang et al. determining the risk factors of acute kidney injury after pulmonary endarterectomy with cardiopulmonary bypass, which has been published in Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery at December 30, 2019.

4.
Cancer Sci ; 2020 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359209

RESUMO

The causes of death in patients with gastric adenocarcinoma have not been well characterized. This nationwide population-based cohort study included 56 240 patients diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma in 1970-2014 in Sweden. We used competing-risks regression to compare cause-specific risks of death in patients with different characteristics and a multiple-cause approach to assess proportions of deaths attributable to each cause. Among 53 049 deaths, gastric cancer was the main (77.7% of all deaths) underlying cause. Other major underlying causes were nongastric malignancies (8.0%), ischemic heart disease or cerebrovascular disease (6.5%), and respiratory diseases (1.4%). Risk of death from gastric cancer steadily decreased in patients with cardia adenocarcinoma over the study period, but remained relatively stable in patients with noncardia adenocarcinoma since the 1980s. Risk of death from other malignancies increased during later calendar periods (subhazard ratio [SHR] = 2.16, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.97-2.38, comparing 2001-2014 with 1970-1980). Compared with men, the risk of death in women with cardia adenocarcinoma was higher from gastric cancer (SHR = 1.18, 95% CI 1.10-1.27), but lower from other malignancies (SHR = 0.80, 95% CI 0.71-0.91). In multiple-cause models, 60.4%-71.2% of all deaths were attributable to gastric cancer and 9.5%-12.1% to other malignancies. The temporal trends of cause-specific risks from multiple-cause models were similar to those of underlying causes. Our findings suggest that although most deaths in patients with gastric adenocarcinoma are due to gastric cancer, other causes of death are common. Patients with cardia adenocarcinoma face considerable increasing risk of death from other causes over time, particularly from other malignancies.

5.
J Anesth ; 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409901
8.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 21(5): 394-399, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32425005

RESUMO

At the end of 2019, a new form of pneumonia disease known as the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) rapidly spread throughout most provinces of China, and the total global number of COVID-19 cases has surpassed 500 000 by Mar. 27, 2020 (WHO, 2020). On Jan. 30, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a global health emergency (WHO, 2020). COVID-19 causes most damage to the respiratory system, leading to pneumonia or breathing difficulties. The confirmed case fatality risk (cCFR) was estimated to be 5% to 8% (Jung et al., 2020). Besides physical pain, COVID-19 also induces psychological distress, with depression, anxiety, and stress affecting the general population, quarantined population, medical staff, and patients at different levels (Kang et al., 2020; Xiang et al., 2020). Previous research on patients in isolation wards highlighted the risk of depressed mood, fear, loneliness, frustration, excessive worries, and insomnia (Abad et al., 2010).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Terapia do Comportamento Dialético , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Adulto , Ansiedade/terapia , Betacoronavirus , China , Depressão/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Pandemias , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Gestantes/psicologia
9.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 21(5): 400-404, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32425006

RESUMO

Public health crises, such as the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) since Dec. 2019, are widely acknowledged as severe traumatic events that impose threats not only because of physical concerns but also because of the psychological distress of infected patients. We designed an internet-based integrated intervention and evaluated its efficacy on depression and anxiety symptoms in patients infected by SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/terapia , Internet , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Autocuidado/métodos , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Telefone Celular , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atenção Plena , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , Angústia Psicológica , Terapia de Relaxamento
10.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32441055

RESUMO

Long-term abuse of ketamine causes ketamine-induced cystitis. The functional alterations of bladder epithelial cells in microenvironment during cystitis remain poorly understood. Here, we explored extracellular vesicles (EV) alteration in ketamine-induced toxicity. To simulate the high-concentration ketamine environment in vivo, we established an in vitro model of high ketamine using human uroepithelial cells (SV-HUC-1). Cell viability and proliferation were assessed to evaluate the effects of various concentrations (0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 8 mmol/L) of ketamine on SV-HUC-1 cells. The cell supernatant cultured at a concentration (0, 1, 2, 4 mmol/L) of ketamine was selected for EV extraction and identified. Subsequently, we assessed different groups (ketamine, ketamine plus EV blocker, EV, EV plus extracellular vesicles blocker) of oxidative stress and expression of inflammation. Last, luciferase reporter assay was performed to study the transcriptional regulation of EV on the NF-kB and P38 pathway. The results of our study suggested that treatment with 0, 1, 2 or 4 mmol/L ketamine altered the morphology and secretion capacity of extracellular vesicles. As the concentration of ketamine increased, the average particle size of EV decreased, but the crest size, particle concentration and EV protein increased. Moreover, after the addition of EV blocker, EV secreted at different concentrations were blocked outside the cell membrane, and the degree of oxidative stress decreased. Our study provided evidence that ketamine alters the secretion of EV by directly stimulating cells in inflammation microenvironment and EV play significant roles in intercellular signal communication and the formation of KIC.EV.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(16): 7322-7327, 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267146

RESUMO

The first copper-catalyzed atroposelective Michael-type addition between azonaphthalenes and arylboronic acids for the construction of biaryl atropisomers was established using a novel BINOL-derived phosphoramidite as a chiral ligand. A broad range of atropisomeric biaryls were obtained with good efficiency, and the practicality of this approach was verified by versatile transformations toward axially chiral ligands, catalysts, and other functional atropisomers. This set of catalytic systems successfully inhibited the routine 1,2-addition and promoted the formation of an aryl-aryl chiral axis. Meanwhile, this strategy bypassed the use of an oxidant as well as the harsh conditions normally necessary for transition-metal-mediated arene C-H coupling with arylboronic acids as an arylation counterpart, offering a straightforward alternative to access optically active biaryls.

15.
Food Chem ; 322: 126738, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32283361

RESUMO

Quality characteristics of whole wheat flour with superheated steam treatment and storage stability of semi-dried whole wheat noodle were investigated, as well as texture and cooking properties of cooking noodles. Superheated steam treatment significantly reduced the total plate count and the activities of lipase, lipoxygenase and polyphenol oxidase in whole wheat flour (p < 0.05), and decreased the free phenolic content. When treated at 155-170 °C, the thermomechanical properties of whole wheat dough improved with the increase of the development time, stability and C2 torque. Superheated steam treatment showed no obviously detrimental effects on hardness and cooking loss of noodle. During storage, treated semi-dried whole wheat noodle exhibited slower rate of microbial growth. Superheated steam treatment significantly reduced the acidity, inhibited the formation of free fatty acid, and decreased the activities of enzyme during storage. This would delay the deterioration and improve the storage stability of semi-dried whole wheat noodle.

16.
World Neurosurg ; 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32251829

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of posterior-only surgical correction with heavy halo-femoral traction for the treatment of severe and rigid congenital scoliosis (SRCS) associated with tethered spinal cord (TSC) and type II split cord malformation (SCM). METHODS: Thirteen patients with SRCS associated with TSC and type II SCM underwent posterior-only surgical correction with heavy halo-femoral traction. The preoperative mean coronal Cobb angle was 88.87° ± 12.15°; the mean flexibility was 15.28% ± 3.88%; and the mean angle of thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis was 39.63° ± 18.47° and 56.99° ± 10.02°, respectively. RESULTS: The mean duration of surgery was 320 ± 43.64 minutes and the mean blood loss was 1422.31 ± 457.59 mL. The mean follow-up period was 24.46 ± 7.53 months. After heavy halo-femoral traction, the mean coronal Cobb angle was reduced to 59.14° ± 8.75°. After posterior-only surgical correction, postoperative mean coronal Cobb angle was further reduced to 33.85° ± 8.77°. The postoperative mean correction rate was 62.46% ± 5.04%. The postoperative mean angle of thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis was 29.31° ± 6.75° and 47.79° ± 3.68°, respectively. At the final follow-up, the corrective loss rate of Cobb angle was only 0.69%. There were no significant differences between final follow-up and preoperative modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association total scores. The Scoliosis Research Society-22 total score improved at the final follow-up evaluation compared with the preoperative total score. CONCLUSIONS: Without prophylactic neurosurgical intervention and spine-shortening osteotomy, posterior-only surgical correction with heavy halo-femoral traction could be safe and effective for the treatment of SRCS associated with TSC and type II SCM.

19.
Infect Genet Evol ; 82: 104292, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32240798

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between melanocortin-3 receptor (MC3R) gene polymorphism and tuberculosis (TB) susceptibility in Han population in southern China. METHODS: A total of 341 patients with TB (173 with pulmonary TB and 168 with multifocal TB) and 359 healthy controls were enrolled. Genotyping was performed by PCR and DNA sequencing, and detection of protein was performed by western blot. RESULTS: The distributions of genotype and allele frequencies of rs6127698 differed significantly between the pulmonary and multifocal TB groups, and between the multifocal TB and control groups. The GG genotype was significantly more common among multifocal TB patients than among pulmonary TB patients (P = .009) and those in the control group (P = .001) under the recessive model. GG+GT genotype was more common in multifocal TB than in pulmonary TB (P < .01) and control group (P < .01) under the dominant model. G allele was more common in multifocal TB than in pulmonary TB (P < .0167) and control group (P < .0167). Patients with multifocal TB had an increased expression of MC3R protein than healthy controls (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: In the southern Chinese Han population, the MC3R rs6127698 polymorphism, which accompanying an increased expression of MC3R protein,was associated with susceptibility to multifocal TB. Presence of the G allele increased the risk of developing multifocal TB.

20.
Adv Ther ; 37(5): 2246-2255, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277344

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to compare the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) parameters of imipenem administered by two-step (50% delivered in a 30-min bolus, 50% for the following 90 min) or extended (administered continuously for 2 h) infusion. METHODS: Patients with sepsis and septic shock were prospectively enrolled and randomized into four groups. Subjects in the two-step or extended groups were given two doses of imipenem (0.5 g q6h and 1.0 g q8h). The plasma imipenem concentrations were measured at given time points after the fifth dose. The PK/PD target was defined as the achievement of a fractional time above the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of > 40%. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients were eventually enrolled. No significant difference was observed in the percentage of patients achieving 40% T > MIC between the different infusion modes with the same dosage, although the two-step groups exhibited a significantly shorter Tmax compared with the extended groups (0.5 g q6h: 1.5 ± 0.8 vs. 2.0 ± 0.0 h; 1.0 g q8h: 1.0 ± 0.6 vs. 2.0 ± 0.0 h; both, p < 0.05). All four groups achieved 40% T > MIC when MIC was 0.5-4.0 µg/ml, but only regimens with a higher dose (1.0 g q8h) achieved target when MIC was 8 µg/ml. CONCLUSION: The two-step and extended regimens of imipenem are comparable to the PK/PD target in the treatment of sepsis and septic shock. A higher dose (1.0 g q8h) should be considered for target achievement at an MIC of > 8 µg/ml. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT02616354.

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