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1.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 58(11): 823-825, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665858

RESUMO

This study was aimed to investigate the association between dyslipidemia and thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). We evaluated the relationship between dyslipidemia and TAO in 218 patients with Graves' disease (GD) and found that the serum total cholesterol (TC) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in the GD subjects with TAO (n=110) were significantly increased [(5.32±1.39) mmol/L vs. (3.18±2.12) mmol/L, (2.98±0.75) mmol/L vs. (1.25±0.98) mmol/L] than those in the GD subjects without TAO (n=108). TC and LDL-C were positively correlated with the Clinical disease activity score (CAS) [TC (r=0.7, P=0.03),LDL-C (r=0.82, P=0.03)], and the levels of TC (OR=2.56, P=0.02) and LDL-C(OR=2.01, P=0.015) were positively associated with TAO. These suggested that high serum cholesterol level is a novel risk factor for TAO, and management of blood lipids should be included in the treatment of TAO.


Assuntos
Colesterol/sangue , Oftalmopatia de Graves/diagnóstico , Hipercolesterolemia/diagnóstico , LDL-Colesterol , Oftalmopatia de Graves/sangue , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/sangue , Fatores de Risco
2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(40): 3132-3138, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694103

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the correlation between serum bilirubin and cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Methods: A total of 369 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were hospitalized at the Department of Endocrinology, Nanjing Jinling Hospital from April 2017 to October 2018 were enrolled, including 226 males and 143 females, with an average age of (54.6±12.1) years. According to cardiovascular reflex tests (CARTs), all the patients were divided into Non CAN group(149 patients without CAN) and CAN group (220 patients complicated with CAN). The difference of serum bilirubin levels between the two groups was compared. The differences of CARTs and the incidence of CAN were compared by tertiles of serum bilirubin levels. The binary logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for diabetic cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy. Results: The serum total bilirubin [(9.28±2.74) µmol/L vs (11.08±2.98) µmol/L, P<0.001], direct bilirubin [(3.17±1.20) µmol/L vs (3.71±1.24) µmol/L, P<0.001] and indirect bilirubin levels [(6.11±1.89) µmol/L vs (7.37±2.10) µmol/L, P<0.001] in CAN group were significantly lower than that in Non CAN group. With the increase of serum bilirubin, the incidence of CAN decreased (P<0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that serum total bilirubin (OR=0.819, 95%CI: 0.744-0.901, P<0.001), direct bilirubin (OR=0.739, 95%CI: 0.601-0.908, P=0.004) and indirect bilirubin (OR=0.749, 95%CI: 0.653-0.860, P<0.001) were inversely correlated with the incidence of CAN. Conclusions: Within the physiological range, lower level of serum bilirubin is inversely correlated with the incidence of CAN. It is noteworthy to screen diabetic cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who had a lower serum bilirubin level.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Neuropatias Diabéticas , Adulto , Idoso , Bilirrubina , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
4.
Infect Immun ; 68(9): 5354-63, 2000 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10948165

RESUMO

Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a strict human pathogen that is, primarily, transmitted by close sexual contact with an infected individual. Gonococcal infection of the male urogenital tract has been well studied in experimental human models and in urethral cell culture systems. Recent studies, using tissue culture cell systems, have suggested a role for the cervical epithelium in gonococcal infection of females; however, the nature of gonococcal infection of the normal uterine cervix remains controversial. To address this enigma, we have developed two primary human cervical epithelial cell systems from surgical biopsies. Gonococcal infection studies and electron microscopy show that N. gonorrhoeae is capable of infecting and invading both the endo- and the ectocervix. Invasion was found to occur primarily in an actin-dependent manner, but it does not appear to require de novo protein synthesis by either the bacterium or the host cervical cell. Membrane ruffles appear to be induced in response to gonococci. Consistent with membrane ruffling, gonococci were found residing within macropinosomes, and a concentrated accumulation of actin-associated proteins was observed to occur in response to gonococcal infection. Electron microscopy of clinically derived cervical biopsies show that lamellipodia formation and cytoskeletal changes, suggestive of membrane ruffles, also occur in the cervical epithelium of women with naturally acquired gonococcal cervicitis. These studies demonstrate the ability of N. gonorrhoeae to infect and invade both the endo- and the ectocervix of the normal uterine cervix. Gonococcal induced ruffling is a novel finding and may be unique to the cervical epithelium.


Assuntos
Colo do Útero/microbiologia , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Neisseria gonorrhoeae/patogenicidade , Actinas/análise , Actinas/fisiologia , Aderência Bacteriana , Membrana Celular/microbiologia , Células Cultivadas , Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Biossíntese de Proteínas
5.
Infect Immun ; 67(8): 4161-70, 1999 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10417188

RESUMO

Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae is an exclusive human pathogen which infects the respiratory epithelium. We have initiated studies to explore the interaction of the nontypeable H. influenzae strain 2019 with primary human airway epithelial cells by electron and confocal microscopy. Primary human airway cell cultures were established as monolayers on glass collagen-coated coverslips or on semipermeable membranes at an air-fluid interface. Scanning electron microscopy indicated that bacteria adhered to nonciliated cells in the population. The surface of infected cells showed evidence of cytoskeletal rearrangements manifested by microvilli and lamellipodia extending toward and engaging bacteria. Confocal microscopic analysis demonstrated that infection induced actin polymerization with an increase in cortical actin as well as evidence of actin strands around the bacteria. Transmission electron microscopic analysis showed lamellipodia and microvilli surrounding organisms, as well as organisms adherent to the cell surface. These studies also demonstrated the presence of bacteria within vacuoles inside of airway cells. Confocal microscopic studies with Texas red-labeled dextran (molecular weight, 70,000) indicated that H. influenzae cells were entering cells by the process of macropinocytosis. These studies indicate that nontypeable H. influenzae can initiate cytoskeletal rearrangement within human airway epithelium, resulting in internalization of the bacteria within nonciliated human airway epithelial cells by the process of macropinocytosis.


Assuntos
Brônquios/microbiologia , Haemophilus influenzae/fisiologia , Pinocitose , Aderência Bacteriana , Brônquios/ultraestrutura , Células Cultivadas , Citoesqueleto/fisiologia , Células Epiteliais/microbiologia , Células Epiteliais/ultraestrutura , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica
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