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1.
Plant Physiol ; 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36617219

RESUMO

In pear (Pyrus bretschneideri), pollen tube growth is critical for the double fertilization associated with seed setting, which in turn affects fruit yield. The normal deposition of callose mediates the polar growth of pollen tubes. However, the mechanism regulating callose synthesis in pollen tubes remains relatively uncharacterized. In this study, we revealed that the typical pear pollen tube lifecycle has a semi-growth duration (GD50) of 16.16 h under in vitro culture conditions. Moreover, callose plugs were deposited throughout the pollen tube lifecycle. The formation of callose plugs was inhibited by 2-deoxy-D-glucose, which also accelerated the senescence of pear pollen tubes. Additionally, PbrCalS1B.1, which encodes a plasma membrane-localized callose synthase, was expressed specifically in pollen tubes and restored the fertility of the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) cals5 mutant in which callose synthesis is inhibited. However, this restoration of fertility was impaired by the transient silencing of PbrCalS1B.1, which restricts callose plug formation and shortens the pear pollen tube lifecycle. More specifically, PbrbZIP52 regulated PbrCalS1B.1 transcription by binding to promoter A-box elements to maintain the periodic formation of callose plugs and normal pollen tube growth, ultimately leading to double fertilization. This study confirmed that PbrbZIP52 positively affects pear pollen tube longevity by promoting callose synthesis. This finding may be useful for breeding high-yielding pear cultivars and stabilizing fruit setting in commercial orchards.

2.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627344

RESUMO

Aberrant activation of NLRP3 inflammasome causes the progression of various inflammation-related diseases, but the small-molecule inhibitors of NLRP3 are not currently available for clinical use. Tabersonine (Tab) is a natural product derived from a traditional Chinese herb Catharanthus roseus that is usually used as an anti-tumor agent. In this study we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects and molecular targets of Tab. We first screened 151 in-house natural compounds for their inhibitory activity against IL-1ß production in BMDMs. We found that Tab potently inhibited NLRP3-mediated IL-1ß production with an IC50 value of 0.71 µM. Furthermore, we demonstrated that Tab suppressed the assembly of NLRP3 inflammasome, especially the interaction between NLRP3 and ASC. Interestingly, we found that Tab directly bound to NLRP3 NACHT domain, thereby reducing the self-oligomerization of NLRP3. In addition, we showed that administration of Tab significantly ameliorated NLRP3-driven diseases, such as peritonitis, acute lung injury, and sepsis in mouse models. The preventive effects of Tab were not observed in the models of NLRP3 knockout mouse. In conclusion, we have identified Tab as a natural NLRP3 inhibitor and a lead compound for the design and discovery of novel NLRP3 inhibitors.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658317

RESUMO

The trade-off between the potentially detrimental effects of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and the benefits of physical activity (PA) is unclear. We aimed to explore the independent and interaction effects between long-term PM2.5 exposure and PA on blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. A total of 8704 adults (≥45 years) without hypertension at baseline in a nationwide cohort of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) were followed from 2011 to 2015. The participants were selected using a four-stage, stratified, and cluster sampling procedure. The annual PM2.5 concentrations at the residential address were estimated from a two-stage machine learning model with a 10 km × 10 km resolution. A standard questionnaire collected information on PA and potential confounders, and metabolic equivalents (MET·h/wk), which combined frequency, intensity, and duration information, were used to assess PA levels. We adopted mixed-effects regression models to explore the independent and interaction effects between long-term PM2.5 exposure and PA on BP and risk of hypertension. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) decreased by -0.84 mmHg (95% CI: -1.34, -0.34) per an IQR (interquartile range, 175.5 MET·h/wk) increase in PA, and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) decreased by -0.42 mmHg (95% CI: -0.76, -0.07). Each IQR (36.1 µg/m3) increment in PM2.5 was associated with 0.48 mmHg (95% CI: -0.24, 1.20) in SBP and -0.02 mmHg (95% CI: -0.44, 0.39) in DBP. PM2.5 showed an elevated effect with risks of hypertension (odds ratio, OR = 1.01; 95% CI: 1.00, 1.03), while PA showed the inverse result (OR = 0.98; 95% CI: 0.97, 0.99). Interaction analyses indicated PA maintained the beneficial effects on BP, but the negative association was attenuated, accompanied by the increase of PM2.5. PA decreased the BP and hypertension risks, while PM2.5 showed the opposite results. PM2.5 attenuated the beneficial effects of PA on BP and modified the association between PA and the risk of hypertension.

4.
Food Funct ; 14(2): 1072-1086, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594429

RESUMO

Candida albicans is a common opportunistic pathogen and normally resides in the human gut. Increasing number of reports link the overgrowth of C. albicans to the severity of ulcerative colitis (UC). Sodium houttuyfonate (SH), a derivative of the medicinal herb Houttuynia cordata Thunb, has been demonstrated to exhibit decent antifungal and anti-inflammatory activities. We showed previously that SH could ameliorate colitis mice infected with C. albicans. However, it is unclear whether the therapeutic effect of SH is connected to its modulation of intestinal microflora in UC. In this study, the impact of SH on the gut microbiota was explored in both cohabitation and non-cohabitation patterns. The results showed that in UC mice inflicted by C. albicans, the administration of SH could greatly improve the pathological signs, weaken the oxidative stress and inflammatory response, and enhance the intestinal mucosal integrity. By 16S rRNA gene sequencing, we found that C. albicans interference caused intestinal microbiota dysbiosis accompanied by an increase of some harmful pathogens including Klebsiella and Bacteroides. In contrast, SH could modulate the abundance and diversity of microbiota with an increase of several beneficial bacteria comprising short-chain fatty acid-producing bacteria (Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group, Intestinimonas) and probiotics (Lactobacillus and Alloprevotella). Furthermore, the cohabitation strategy could also prove the efficacy of SH, indicating a role of transmissible gut flora in the colitis model. These findings suggest that SH might be an effective compound for the treatment of UC complicated by C. albicans overgrowth through maintaining gut microbiota homeostasis, thereby improving intestinal function.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Colite , Gastroenteropatias , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Houttuynia , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Colite Ulcerativa/patologia , Candida albicans , Houttuynia/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Sulfato de Dextrana/farmacologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Colo/patologia
5.
Int J Paleopathol ; 40: 87-92, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36628890

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Septic arthritis is not commonly reported in paleopathology. This study aims to provide a differential diagnosis of septic arthritis by looking at a case from ancient China. We also aim to add to the current literature on septic arthritis in paleopathology. MATERIALS: One adult male skeleton recovered from the Dapuzi Cemetery, Shaanxi, dating to the Western Han Dynasty (3rd century BCE-1st century CE). METHODS: Macroscopic observations were conducted. RESULTS: The lytic appearance and massive new bone formation on the left acetabulum of M142 are compatible with septic arthritis. The hip pathology greatly influenced his stature. The two femur shafts present different degrees of robusticity. He also showed severe osteoarthritis. CONCLUSIONS: The individual suffered from septic arthritis of the hip, of unknown cause, for a long period, which greatly influenced his daily life. Complications included osteoarthritis, shortened stature, and difficulties in walking. SIGNIFICANCE: This study offers a new case of septic arthritis and provides insight into the people who guarded the royal tombs in the West Han Dynasty. LIMITATIONS: The skeleton is not well-preserved, limiting observations of bony changes to other areas of the body.

6.
Food Res Int ; 163: 112228, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596158

RESUMO

Actinidia arguta, an edible berry plant with high nutritional values, has been widely used in Asian countries as a food and traditional medicinal herb. The well-recognized health-promoting properties of A. arguta were associated with its bioactive components in its different botanical parts. To rapidly screen and identify chemical components and simultaneously determine the potential metabolites from different parts of A. arguta, UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE coupled with UNIFI platform and multivariate statistical analysis approach was established in this study. As a result, a total of 107 components were identified from the four different parts of A. arguta, in which 31 characteristic chemical markers were discovered among them, including 12, 8, 6, and 5 compounds from the fruits, leaves, roots, and stems, respectively. These results suggested that the combination of UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE and metabolomic analysis is a powerful method to rapidly screen characteristic markers for the quality control of A. arguta.


Assuntos
Actinidia , Plantas Medicinais , Actinidia/química , Metabolômica , Raízes de Plantas/química , Frutas/química
7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 304: 116041, 2023 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36539072

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pulsatilla decoction is a traditional Chinese medicine from Shang Han Lun that has been reported to have therapeutic efficacy in vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), and is a growth inhibitor of Candida albicans (C. albicans) in vitro, the causative agent of VVC. AIM OF THE STUDY: In previous studies, Pulsatilla decoction has shown therapeutic benefits for VVC. With further chemical extraction of the decoction, the n-butanol extract (of Pulsatilla decoction; BEPD) was most effective against C. albicans and therapeutic for VVC. The mechanism, however, has not been elucidated. The regulation of NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome has recently been demonstrated as a critical component of the inflammasome complex that initiates the vaginal inflammatory response. Therefore, the effect of BEPD on NLRP3 associated with VVC was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was used for detecting the principal compounds of BEPD (Anemoside B4, Esculin, esculetin, Epiberberine, Berberine, Jatrorrhizine and Phellodendrine). BEPD-containing serum is prepared by intragastric administration of BEPD (4.6875 g/kg for seven days) in rats. PMA-induced THP-1 cells were challenged with C. albicans. The expression of CD68 to identify macrophages was examined by flow cytometry, the viability of THP-1 cells were assessed by CCK8 assay, the release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was detected by LDH kit, and the secretion levels of IL-1ß and IL-18 were evaluated through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the levels of NLRP3 were quantified by immunofluorescence, the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were measured by ROS kit, and the expression of Dectin-1, Syk, TLR2, TLR4, MyD88, NF-κB, NLRP3, Caspase-1, and ASC proteins were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: After administration of BEPD-containing serum, the levels of IL-1ß, IL-18 and LDH released from macrophages were reduced in the BEPD-containing serum group compared to the model group. In addition, BEPD-containing serum inhibited the expression of ROS in macrophages, suppressed the expression of NLRP3 and inhibited the expression of TLRs/MyD88 and Dectin-1/Syk signaling pathway-related proteins. CONCLUSIONS: BEPD suppressed the NLRP3 inflammasome and related signaling pathways in macrophages infected with C. albicans in vitro, thereby providing insight into the mechanism of BEPD action on VVC.

8.
Cell Death Discov ; 8(1): 481, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470863

RESUMO

Previous studies suggest that mesenchymal stem cells may represent a promising cellular therapy for acute lung injury (ALI); however, the underlying relevant molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) were isolated and characterized by alizarin red staining, oil red staining, and flow cytometry. Lung injury and inflammatory cell infiltration were determined using the Evans blue method, wet/dry weight ratio, and H&E staining. An ELISA was used to detect the concentrations of IFN-γ, IL-2, and TNF-α. Autophagy was detected with an mRFP-GFP-LC3 dual-fluorescence autophagy indicator system, Western blotting, and electron microscopy. We first demonstrated that ADSCs did alleviate the inflammatory responses and tissue damage in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI. Next, we further demonstrated in vivo that autophagy plays a key role in the maintenance of ADSC therapeutic efficacy. In vitro experiments demonstrated that ADSCs co-cultured with alveolar epithelial cells depend on autophagy for significant anti-inflammatory functions. Moreover, the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key regulator of autophagy. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that the effect of ADSC on ALI, especially on alveolar epithelial cells, is dependent on mTOR-mediated autophagy maintenance. The significance of our study for ALI therapy is discussed with respect to a more complete understanding of the therapeutic strategy paradigm.

9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(22): 6155-6163, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471940

RESUMO

High-throughput transcriptome sequencing was used to study the mechanism of Shenling Baizhu Powder(SLBZP) in the alleviation of the dextran sulfate sodium(DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis(UC) in mice. The mouse model of DDS-induced UC was treated with SLBZP by gavage. The changes in general state, disease activity index(DAI), and colon length were observed. The hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes in the colon tissues of mice. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to determine the expression levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin(IL)-1ß, IL-6, IL-4, and IL-10 in the serum and tissues of mice. The differentially expressed genes in the control group, the model group, and the SLBZP group were analyzed by high-throughput transcriptome sequencing, and the Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment analyses were conducted on the differentially expressed genes. The results showed that after intragastric administration of SLBZP, the symptoms of diarrhea and bloody stool were improved, and the disease active index(DAI) score was reduced. SLBZP effectively reduced the inflammatory cell infiltration and goblet cell loss in the colonic mucosal tissue, reduced the levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6 in the serum and colon tissue, and increased the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 in the serum and colon tissue. There were 25 differential genes in SLBZP vs the model group, which were significantly enriched in immune response, immune system process, immunoglobulin production, and other biological processes. KEGG pathway analysis showed that the differential genes were enriched in signaling pathways such as neomycin, kanamycin, and gentamicin biosynthesis, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, primary immunodeficiency, and IgA synthesis of the intestinal immune network. This study shows that SLBZP may alleviate UC through immune regulation.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Camundongos , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Sulfato de Dextrana/efeitos adversos , Interleucina-10 , Pós , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-6 , Transcriptoma , Interleucina-4/genética , Colo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(22): 5997-6004, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471950

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease(IBD) is a chronic and recurrent inflammatory disorder of the gut, including Crohn's disease(CD) and ulcerative colitis(UC). The occurrence and development of IBD involves multiple pathogenic factors, and the dybiosis of gut flora is recognized as an important pathogenic mechanism of IBD. Therefore, restoring and maintaining the balance of gut flora including bacteria and fungi has become an effective option for IBD treatment. Based on the theoretical basis of the interaction between gut flora and IBD, this paper followed the principle of clinical syndrome differentiation for IBD therapy by traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), and summarized several Chinese medicinal formulae commonly used in IBD patients with large intestine damp-heat syndrome, intermingled heat and cold syndrome, spleen deficiency and dampness accumulation syndrome, spleen and kidney yang deficiency syndrome, liver stagnation and spleen deficiency syndrome, and severe heat poisoning syndrome. The therapeutic and regulatory effects of Shaoyao Decoction, Qingchang Suppository, Wumei Pills, Banxia Xiexin Decoction, Shenling Baizhu Powder, Lizhong Decoction, Sishen Pills, Tongxie Yaofang, Baitouweng Decoction, Gegen Qinlian Decoction, and Houttuyniae Herba prescriptions on gut flora of IBD patients were emphasized as well as the mechanisms. This study found that Chinese medicinal formulae increased the abundance of Bacteroidetes, Bifidobacteria, Lactobacillus, and other beneficial bacteria producing short-chain fatty acids, and reduced the abundance of Enterobacteriaceae and other harmful bacteria to restore the balance of gut flora, thus treating IBD. Confronting the recalcitrance and high recurrence of IBD, Chinese medicinal formulae provide new opportunities for IBD treatment through intervening dysbiosis of gut flora.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Disbiose/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Bactérias/genética , Homeostase , China
11.
Cell Biosci ; 12(1): 205, 2022 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36539904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ADD1 (adducin-1) and TPX2 (targeting protein for Xklp2) are centrosomal proteins and regulate mitotic spindle assembly. Mammalian oocytes that segregate homologous chromosomes in Meiosis I and sister chromatids in Meiosis II with a spindle lacking centrosomes are more prone to chromosome segregation errors than in mitosis. However, the regulatory mechanisms of oocyte spindle assembly and the functions of ADD1 and TPX2 in this process remain elusive. RESULT: We found that the expression levels and localization of ADD1, S726 phosphorylated ADD1 (p-ADD1), and TPX2 proteins exhibited spindle assembly-dependent dynamic changes during mouse oocyte meiosis. Taxol treatment, which stabilizes the microtubule polymer and protects it from disassembly, made the signals of ADD1, p-ADD1, and TPX2 present in the microtubule organizing centers of small asters and spindles. Knockdown of approximately 60% of ADD1 protein levels destabilized interpolar microtubules in the meiotic spindle, resulting in aberrant chromosome alignment, reduced first polar body extrusion, and increased aneuploidy in metaphase II oocytes, but did not affect K-fiber homeostasis and the expression and localization of TPX2. Strikingly, TPX2 deficiency caused increased protein content of ADD1, but decreased expression and detachment of p-ADD1 from the spindle, thereby arresting mouse oocytes at the metaphase I stage with collapsed spindles. CONCLUSION: Phosphorylation of ADD1 at S726 by TPX2 mediates acentriolar spindle assembly and precise chromosome segregation in mouse oocytes.

12.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 927, 2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36494789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Placenta mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) is a rare placental anomaly associated with various fetal and maternal complications. Whether close ultrasound surveillance can prevent intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD) in patients with PMD is still under investigation. Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare, lethal, and unpredictable maternal complication that has never been described in association with PMD. Here, we report a case of PMD, in which the fetus eventually demised in utero despite weekly color Doppler monitoring, and the mother subsequently encountered AFE during delivery. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43-year-old woman who had received three frozen embryo transfer, was found to have a singleton pregnancy with an enlarged multi-cystic placenta at 8 weeks' gestation. Fetal growth restriction (FGR) was noted since the 21stweek. The fetus eventually demised in-utero at 25 weeks despite weekly color Doppler surveillance. Cesarean section was performed under general anesthesia due to placenta previa totalis and antepartum hemorrhage. During surgery, the patient experienced a sudden blood pressure drop and desaturation followed by profound coagulopathy. AFE was suspected. After administration of inotropic agents and massive blood transfusion, the patient eventually survived AFE. PMD was confirmed after pathological examination of the placenta. CONCLUSIONS: While FGR can be monitored by color Doppler, our case echoed previous reports that IUFD may be unpreventable even under intensive surveillance in PMD cases. Although AFE is usually considered unpredictable, PMD can result in cumulative risk factors contributing to AFE. Whether a specific link exists between the pathophysiology of PMD and AFE requires further investigation.


Assuntos
Embolia Amniótica , Placenta Prévia , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Embolia Amniótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Amniótica/etiologia , Placenta/patologia , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Morte Fetal/etiologia , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/diagnóstico por imagem , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/etiologia , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/patologia
13.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 1022511, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36530439

RESUMO

Introduction: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major nosocomial pathogen that frequently causes ventilator-associated pneumonia in specific populations. Sodium houttuyfonate (SH) has shown mild antibacterial activity against P. aeruginosa in vitro, but the mechanism of potent antimicrobial activity of SH against P. aeruginosa infection in vivo remains unclear. Methods: Here, using the mouse pneumonia model induced by P. aeruginosa nasal drip to explore the therapeutic effects of SH. Results: We found that SH exhibits dose-dependent therapeutic effects of reducing P. aeruginosa burden and systemic inflammation in pneumonia mice. SH ameliorates inflammatory gene expression and production of inflammatory proteins, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), associated with the TLR4/NF-κB pathway in mice with P. aeruginosa pneumonia. Furthermore, we analyzed the intestinal flora of mice and found that compared with the model group, the abundance and diversity of beneficial bacterial flora of SH treatment groups increased significantly, suggesting that SH can improve the intestinal flora disorder caused by inflammation. In addition, SH improves alpha and beta diversity index and reduces species abundance differences of intestinal flora in pneumonia mice. Discussion: Taken together, our presented results indicate that SH may effectively alleviate the acute pulmonary infection induced by P. aeruginosa by reducing the disturbance of regulating immunity and intestinal flora in mice.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Pneumonia , Humanos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Pneumonia/microbiologia , Inflamação
14.
Clin Exp Med ; 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385416

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease is a heterogeneous intestinal inflammatory disorder, including ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). Existing studies have shown that the pathogenesis of IBD is closely related to the host's genetic susceptibility, intestinal flora disturbance and mucosal immune abnormalities, etc. It is generally believed that there are complicated interactions between host immunity and intestinal microflora/microRNAs during the occurrence and progression of IBD. Intestinal flora is mainly composed of bacteria, fungi, viruses and helminths. These commensals are highly implicated in the maintenance of intestinal microenvironment homeostasis alone or in combination. MiRNA is an endogenous non-coding small RNA with a length of 20 to 22 nucleotides, which can perform a variety of biological functions by silencing or activating target genes through complementary pairing bonds. A large quantity of miRNAs are involved in intestinal inflammation, mucosal barrier integrity, autophagy, vesicle transportation and other small RNA alterations in IBD circumstance. In this review, the immunomodulatory roles of gut flora and microRNAs are updated in the occurrence and progression of IBD. Meanwhile, the gut flora and microRNA targeted therapeutic strategies as well as other immunomodulatory approaches including TNF-α monoclonal antibodies are also emphasized in the treatment of IBD.

15.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 970476, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386370

RESUMO

In recent decades, with the rapid development of economy, the acceleration of social aging and urbanization, and the prevalence of unhealthy lifestyles, the number of patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases has shown an increasing trend year by year. It has also become one of the important causes of disability and death in all ages and groups. Atherosclerosis is the main pathological change of ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, which mainly invades the large and medium arteries of the body circulation. In particular, cerebral artery and coronary artery lesions have the most significant impact on life. There is the same pathogenic mechanism between intracranial and extracranial arteries and coronary atherosclerosis, so there is a certain relationship between the degree of atherosclerosis. In this paper, the risk factors related to intracranial and extracranial arteries and coronary artery stenosis were reviewed. It provides a theoretical basis for early detection, early diagnosis and early treatment of intracranial and extracranial artery and coronary artery stenosis to reduce the occurrence and development of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

16.
Am J Reprod Immunol ; : e13652, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397134

RESUMO

PROBLEM: In recent years, the incidence of female infertility has risen sharply, which is affected by many factors. It was recognized that female reproductive tract microbes play a role in the process of female conception. If the reproductive tract microbes could solve a certain proportion of infertility, it would certainly reduce the pain and economic burden of many patients. The objective of this study was to investigate the microbial community composition of follicular fluid in infertile patients and its potential impact on infertility. METHOD OF STUDY: Follicular fluid from 49 primary infertility and 52 secondary infertility patients was collected by a negative pressure needle, and the microbiota was analyzed by 16S rDNA sequencing. RESULTS: It was found that Lactobacillus, especially L. crispatus, might have a positive effect on female pregnancy. Considering the presence or absence of male factors and different body mass indices, L. iners might inhibit female pregnancy. However, L. iners seemed to play a positive role in egg maturation, while Gardnerella and Cutibacterium acnes might have a negative effect on female pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested the potential role of Lactobacillus in follicular fluid in improving female infertility and provided a theoretical basis for the future microbiological treatment of female infertility.

17.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 964, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medial epicondyle fractures are one of the more common humerus fractures, but humeral medial condyle fracture (HMCF) is rare. Nonunion of medial humeral condyle fractures due to functional exercise is less common. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 5-year-old patient with a nonunion HMCF due to excessive functional exercise, who bruised the elbow 1 year ago and had no positive findings on all imaging studies. On this physical examination, there was a snapping and palpable lump in the elbow joint during movement, but the patient did not feel any discomfort and the range of motion of the joint was normal. X rays and computed tomography (CT) showed that the left HMCF was discontinuous, the broken ends were dislocated, and the joint alignment was poor. Open reduction (OR) and screw fixation was used during the operation, and the patient recovered well at 3-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The rarity and low radiographic appearance of displaced HMCF are easily overlooked and can eventually lead to nonunion HMCF, especially when radiographically difficult to visualize before age 5 years. Therefore, regardless of whether there are signs or imaging abnormalities in the growth process of adolescents, they should be vigilant, shorten the time interval for re-examination, and early detection and timely treatment can avoid some complications caused by this.


Assuntos
Articulação do Cotovelo , Fraturas não Consolidadas , Fraturas do Úmero , Adolescente , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Articulação do Cotovelo/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas do Úmero/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Úmero/etiologia , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Úmero/cirurgia , Fraturas não Consolidadas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas não Consolidadas/etiologia , Fraturas não Consolidadas/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329646

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Sitafloxacin is one of the newer generation fluoroquinolones with highly active against multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. Our objectives were to identify the sitafloxacin pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) index and breakpoints against MDR isolate in the urinary tract infection model. METHODS: Forty-eight MDR isolates underwent sitafloxacin and levofloxacin microdilution susceptibility testing. A 24 h in vitro model was established that simulated the healthy subjects urodynamics of sitafloxacin fumarate injection. Ten MDR isolates (four carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli, three carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa and three vancomycin-resistant E. faecium) were selected. The drug efficacy was quantified by the change in log colony counts within 24 h. A sigmoid Emax model was fitted to the killing effect data. Monte Carlo simulations were performed to assess target attainment for the sitafloxacin fumarate doses of 100 and 200 mg q24h. RESULTS: Analysis indicated that the MICs of sitafloxacin were all significantly lower than that of levofloxacin (P < 0.01). The UAUC0-24h/MIC targets required to achieve stasis, 1-log10 killing and 2-log10 killing were 63.60, 79.49 and 99.45 (carbapenem-resistant E. coli), 60.85, 90.31 and 128.95 (carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa), 65.91, 77.81 and 103.11 (vancomycin-resistant E. faecium). Monte Carlo simulation showed the infusion of sitafloxacin fumarate 100 mg q24h was able to achieve 90% probability of target attainment against bacteria with MIC of 8 mg/L for the common complicated urinary tract infections. CONCLUSIONS: Sitafloxacin fumarate injection is an alternative therapeutic agent for the treatment of UTIs caused by MDR isolates.

19.
Nutrients ; 14(19)2022 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36235633

RESUMO

Forty compounds were isolated and characterized from A. tenuissimum flower. Among them, twelve flavonoids showed higher α-glucosidase inhibition activities in vitro than acarbose, especially kaempferol. The molecular docking results showed that the binding of kaempferol to α-glucosidase (GAA) could reduce the hydrolysis of substrates by GAA and reduce the glucose produced by hydrolysis, thus exhibiting α-glucosidase inhibition activities. The in vivo experiment results showed that flavonoids-rich A. tenuissimum flower could decrease blood glucose and reduce lipid accumulation. The protein expression levels of RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1), peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARG), and prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2) in liver tissue were increased. In addition, the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes (F/B) ratio was increased, the level of gut probiotics Bifidobacterium was increased, and the levels of Enterobacteriaceae and Staphylococcus were decreased. The carbohydrate metabolism, lipid metabolism, and other pathways related to type 2 diabetes mellitus were activated. This study indicating flavonoids-rich A. tenuissimum flower could improve glycolipid metabolic disorders and inflammation in diabetic mice by modulating the protein expression and gut microbiota.


Assuntos
Allium , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Acarbose/farmacologia , Animais , Glicemia/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/microbiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Flavonoides/química , Flores , Glucose/metabolismo , Glicolipídeos/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Quempferóis/farmacologia , Lipídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , PPAR gama , Prostaglandinas , Proteínas Quinases , Serina/farmacologia , Treonina , alfa-Glucosidases
20.
Obes Rev ; 23(12): e13510, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36261077

RESUMO

The dose-response association between sedentary time and the risk of metabolic syndrome is unclear, which indicates an important knowledge gap in public health. The objective of this study was to determine the categorical and continuous dose-response associations between sedentary time and the risk of metabolic syndrome. A systematic literature search of English articles published in PubMed, CINHAL, Embase, and Web of Science Core Collection prior to June 2022 was conducted. All cohort and cross-sectional studies that examined the association between sedentary time and the risk of metabolic syndrome were considered, and duplicate and non-related studies were excluded. Data extraction using a standardized chart and quality assessment using two appraisal tools were also performed. Two independent reviewers were involved in these processes. In categorical meta-analyses, the pooled effect sizes for metabolic syndrome associated with different categories of sedentary time were calculated by comparing the highest and intermediate with the lowest categories. In continuous meta-analyses, the linear and nonlinear dose-response associations were estimated using generalized least squares and restricted cubic spline models, respectively. Data were collected and analyzed from March to June 2022. Four prospective cohort studies and 22 cross-sectional studies with 105,239 participants and 16,185 MetS cases were included in this study. In categorical analyses, both intermediate (median duration: 4.11 h/day; pooled OR: 1.17, 95% CI: 1.08-1.26, P < 0.001) and high levels (median duration: 7.26 h/day; pooled OR: 1.71, 95% CI: 1.43-2.04, P < 0.001) of total sedentary time were significantly associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome. Similarly, a significant association between screen time and the risk of metabolic syndrome was also found in intermediate (median duration: 2.22 h/day; pooled OR: 1.20, 95% CI: 1.10-1.32, P < 0.001) and high levels (median duration: 3.40 h/day; pooled OR: 1.63, 95% CI: 1.44-1.86, P < 0.001) of exposure. Of note, these associations were significantly stronger in women. Different patterns of the behavior-disease association were not observed in children, adolescents, and adults. The findings of continuous meta-analyses could not provide solid evidence for the linearity and nonlinearity of the behavior-disease association. This study demonstrated that long-time sedentary behavior was associated with a higher risk of MetS independent of physical activity and the patterns of association varied by gender instead of age. These findings have implications for future guideline recommendations on physical activity, sedentary behavior, and prevention of metabolic syndrome.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Comportamento Sedentário , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Prospectivos , Exercício Físico
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