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1.
Dev Cell ; 56(19): 2692-2702.e5, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610328

RESUMO

Animals have developed various nutrient-sensing mechanisms for survival under fluctuating environmental conditions. Although extensive cell-culture-based analyses have identified diverse mediators of amino acid sensing upstream of mTOR, studies using animal models to examine intestine-initiated amino acid sensing mechanisms under specific physiological conditions are lacking. Here, we developed a Caenorhabditis elegans model to examine the impact of amino acid deficiency on development. We discovered a leucine-derived monomethyl branched-chain fatty acid and its downstream metabolite, glycosphingolipid, which critically mediates the overall amino acid sensing by intestinal and neuronal mTORC1, which in turn regulates postembryonic development at least partly by controlling protein translation and ribosomal biogenesis. Additional data suggest that a similar mechanism may operate in mammals. This study uncovers an amino-acid-sensing mechanism mediated by a lipid biosynthesis pathway.

2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9957563, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631892

RESUMO

Background: AKI is known to be associated with inflammation and nutritional status. The novel inflammatory prognostic score CAR (CRP/albumin ratio), which combines inflammation and nutritional status, was hypothesized to be associated with mortality in critically ill AKI patients in this study. Methods: The included cases were patients admitted to the ICU of Shandong Provincial Hospital from January 2016 to November 2018 and diagnosed with AKI within 48 hours of ICU admission. From the electronic case database of Shandong Provincial Hospital, we extracted the baseline demographic information, vital signs, routine laboratory parameters, complications, and other data. The above records are measured within 48 hours of admission to ICU. The clinical endpoint was the total cause mortality rate in hospital and 2 years. We constructed two multivariate regression models to determine the statistically significant correlation between CAR and mortality and conducted subgroup analysis to determine the mortality among different subgroups. Results: A total of 580 patients were included in this study. In multivariate regression analysis, higher CAR was associated with an increase in hospital and two-year all-cause mortality in critically ill patients with AKI after adjusting gender, age, respiratory frequency, temperature, and other confounding factors (tertile 3 versus tertile 1: OR, 95% CI: 2.97, 1.70-5.17; 3.03, 1.68-5.47, respectively; P < 0.001). Subgroup analysis showed that the CAR level in each subgroup increases with hospital mortality in critically ill patients with AKI. Conclusion: The increase of CAR in critically ill patients with AKI was associated with an increased risk of all-cause death.

3.
Biofouling ; : 1-16, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615415

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the mono- and dual- antifungal activities of paeonol (PAE) and fluconazole (FLZ)/amphotericin B (AmB). To this end, the effects of PAE and FLZ/AmB on cell surface hydrophobicity, hydrolase activity, morphological transition were investigated in vitro and in a Galleria mellonella infection model. The results showed a relatively high minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and sessile MIC (SMIC) of PAE alone. However, compared with the single drug, the combined use of PAE and FLZ/AmB had a potent synergistic potential to inhibit the virulence factors for Candida. The concomitant use of two drugs was consistently more effective than either drug alone for increasing survival rate, decreasing the fungal burden, and alleviating the pathological features of G. mellonella infected by the fungus. Taken together, these findings demonstrate the anti-Candida effects of PAE plus FLZ/AmB and their potential to increase the sensitivity of C. albicans to FLZ/AmB of PAE.

4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3915-3925, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472268

RESUMO

This study explored the mechanism of Sanhuang Decoction(SHD) in treating dextran sulfate sodium(DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis(UC) in mice with Candida albicans(Ca) colonization via high-throughput transcriptome sequencing. Specifically, the animal model was established by oral administration of 3.0% DSS for 7 days followed by intragastrical administration of Ca suspension at 1.0 × 10~8 cells for 4 days and then the mice were treated with SHD enema for 7 days. Afterwards, the general signs were observed and the disease activity index(DAI) was recorded every day. After mice were sacrificed, colon length and colon mucosa damage index(CMDI) were determined and the histomorphology was observed with the HE staining method. The fungal loads of feces were detected with the plate method. Anti-saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody(ASCA) and ß-1,3-glucan in serum, and TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 in serum and colon were detected by ELISA. High-throughput RNA sequencing method was adopted to identify transcriptome of colon tissues from the control, model and SHD(15.0 g·kg~(-1)) groups. Differentially expressed genes(DEGs) among groups were screened and the GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis of the DEGs was performed. The expression levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, and IL-1ß genes related to the NOD-like receptor signaling pathway which involved 9 DEGs, were examined by qRT-PCR and Western blot. The results demonstrated that SHD improved the general signs, decreased DAI and Ca loads of feaces, alleviated colon edema, erosion, and shortening, and lowered the content of ß-1,3-glucan in serum and TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 in serum and colon tissues of mice. Transcriptome sequencing revealed 383 DEGs between SHD and model groups, which were mainly involved in the biological processes of immune system, response to bacterium, and innate immune response. They were mainly enriched in the NOD-like signaling pathway, cytokine-cytokine interaction pathway, and retinol metabolism pathway. Moreover, SHD down-regulated the mRNA and protein levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, and IL-1ß. In a word, SHD ameliorates DSS-induced UC in mice colonized with Ca, which probably relates to its regulation of NOD-like receptor signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Animais , Candida albicans/genética , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Colo , Sulfato de Dextrana/toxicidade , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Camundongos , Transcriptoma
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4201-4207, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467733

RESUMO

The present study aims to investigate the effects of the main components(aesculin, berberine hydrochloride, and anemoside B4) in the butyl alcohol extract of Baitouweng Decoction(BAEB) on the chemotaxis of neutrophils induced by dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO). HL60 cells were cultivated in RPMI-1640 complete medium, and transferred into a 6-well plate(2 × 10~5 per mL) with 4 mL in each well, followed by incubation with DMSO at 1.3% for five days. The morphologic changes of cells were observed under an inverted microscope. The CD11 b expression after DMSO induction was analyzed by flow cytometry. The effects of aesculin, berberine hydrochloride, and anemoside B4 on the cell proliferation and migration were detected by CCK8 assay and Transwell assay, respectively. The effects of the main components on the production and polarization of F-actin protein were also examined by flow cytometry and laser confocal microscopy. PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway was checked by Western blot. As revealed by the results, neutrophil-like HL60 cells were observed after DMSO induction. The CD11 b expression in these cells increased significantly as indicated by the flow cytometry. Additionally, 100 µg·mL~(-1) aesculin, 8 µg·mL~(-1) berberine hydrochloride, and 80 µg·mL~(-1) anemoside B4 were potent in inhibiting the migration of neutrophils and reducing F-actin expression. Berberine hydrochloride was verified to be capable of diminishing phosphorylated PI3 K/Akt protein expression. The findings indicate that aesculin, anemoside B4, and especially berberine hydrochloride in the BAEB can inhibit the chemotaxis of neutrophils, which is possibly achieved by the inhibition of F-actin and PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Berberina , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , 1-Butanol , Berberina/farmacologia , Quimiotaxia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Neutrófilos
6.
Cell Rep ; 36(11): 109682, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525365

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is multi-factorial chronic intestinal inflammation driven by pathogenic T cells, among which a large portion of patients are resistant to current anti-inflammatory regimes. The mechanisms underlying colitis pathogenicity and drug resistance are not fully understood. Here, we demonstrate that RORα is highly expressed in active UC patients, particularly in those non-responsive to anti-TNF treatment. Rorα deficiency in CD4+ T cells greatly reduced colitis development. Mechanistically, RORα regulated T cell infiltration in colon and inhibited T cell apoptosis. Meanwhile, genome-wide occupancy and transcriptome analysis revealed that RORα promoted mTORC1 activation. mTORC1 signaling, also hyperactivated in active UC patients, is necessary for T cell-mediated colitis. Our results thus demonstrate a crucial role of the RORα-mTORC1 axis in CD4+ T cells in promoting IBD, which may be targeted in human patients.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: As a chiral drug, oxiracetam (ORT) can exist in two different isomeric forms: S-oxiracetam (S-ORT) and R-oxiracetam (R-ORT). S-ORT has emerged as a promising nootropic drug with the potential to treat brain injury and the resulting loss of neural function, memory and mental impairment as assessed by studies in various animal models. However, limited data are available on the pharmacokinetics of S-ORT in humans, so the present study was designed to evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetic profile of S-ORT in healthy volunteers. METHODS: In part 1, subjects were intravenously administered single ascending dose (2.0, 4.0 and 8.0 g) S-ORT. In part 2, subjects were treated at a single intravenous infusion dose of 3.0 g S-ORT or 6.0 g racemic ORT using a two-sequence, two-period crossover design. In part 3, subjects were intravenously injected with 4.0 g S-ORT once a day for 7 days. Blood and urine samples were collected to evaluate the pharmacokinetic parameters and urine excretion rate. The safety profile of the drug was also evaluated throughout the study. RESULTS: Fifty-two subjects (30 in part 1, 12 in part 2, 10 in part 3) completed the study; only one subject displayed a mild adverse event, which possibly was treatment related, and no serious adverse event occurred. In part 1 for a single dose of 2.0, 4.0 and 8.0 g, the maximum concentration (Cmax) values were 111.28 ± 18.99, 230.76 ± 29.16 and 352.67 ± 42.94 µg/ml, respectively; the values of area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) from time zero to the time of last quantifiable concentration (AUC0-t) were 267.09 ± 59.66, 524.50  ± 72.87 and 822.68 ± 95.21 µg·h/ml, respectively; the AUC from 0 h to infinity (AUC0-∞) values were 274.72 ± 61.65, 536.06 ± 78.13 and 832.07 ± 96.91 µg·h/ml, respectively. The urine excretion rate of the unchanged drug was approximately 60%. After consecutive administration of S-ORT for 7 days, the accumulation index was 1.05 ± 0.08. The plasma drug concentration-time curves for both S-ORT and R-oxiracetam (R-ORT) were almost identical. CONCLUSIONS: S-ORT was well tolerated, and no serious adverse events occurred in 2.0, 4.0 and 8.0 g in single- and 4.0 g in multiple-dose studies. S-ORT showed dose linearity with increasing doses and no drug accumulation after 7 days of continuous administration was observed.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469101

RESUMO

The design of high-performance and cost-effective electrocatalysts for water splitting is of prime importance for efficient and sustainable hydrogen production. In this work, a surface defect engineering method is developed for optimizing the electrocatalytic activity of perovskite oxides for water electrolysis. A typical ferrite-based perovskite oxide material La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF) is used and regulated by selective acid etching. The optimal parameters for the surface treatment are identified. An efficient bifunctional perovskite oxide, denoted LSCF-30, is prepared by selectively corroding the A-site Sr element in the surface region, which is found to not only increase the exposure and decrease the coordination of B-site metals but also effectively modulate the electronic structure of these metals. The crystal lattice of the perovskite bulk is kept constant during surface engineering, which ensures the structural stability of the perovskite catalyst. The findings demonstrate an effective strategy of surface defect engineering in enhancing the performance of perovskite oxide electrocatalysts for water splitting.

9.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e048875, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493514

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Caregiver contribution (CC) is important for the self-care behaviors of chronic disease individuals, as it could enhance patient outcomes. Therefore, it is necessary to assess this CC by using a good validity and reliability instrument. The Caregiver Contribution to Self-Care Chronic Illness Inventory (CC-SC-CII) was designed to assess CC to self-care behaviors of patients with chronic illness in Italy. However, it was unclear whether this tool had sound psychometrics properties in the context of Chinese culture. Therefore, we performed the cross-cultural adaption of the CC-SC-CII and we tested its psychometric properties among Chinese caregivers of patients with chronic disease. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational design. SETTINGS: Participants were recruited from communities and institutions in Pingdingshan, Henan Province, China. PARTICIPANTS: 301 caregivers of care recipients with chronic disease completed the Chinese version of the CC-SC-CII (C-CC-SC-CII). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The content validity index of items (I-CVI), the scale content validity index-average (S-CVI/Ave), exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), internal consistency and item analysis were tested. RESULTS: The range of I-CVI was between 0.833 and 1.00, and the score of S-CVI was 0.991. In CFA, the C-CC to self-care monitoring scale had satisfactory fit indices. However, the C-CC to self-care maintenance and management scales had unsupported fit indices. The reliability coefficients of C-CC-SC-CII were 0.792, 0.880 and 0.870 for its three scales. Item-total correlations were all over 0.590. Test-retest reliability showed that the range of intraclass correlation coefficients was from 0.728 to 0.783. CONCLUSION: The C-CC-SC-CII has sound psychometrics characteristics and is a culturally appropriate and reliable instrument for assessing CC to the self-care behaviours of patients with chronic disease in China.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Autocuidado , China , Doença Crônica , Comparação Transcultural , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 460, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34548045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although studies indicate that social support is related to emotional exhaustion, depression symptoms, and anxiety symptoms, the underlying mechanism between those variables remains unknown. METHODS: Based on a sample of 254 residents in standardized residency training programs, two mediation models were tested in which emotional exhaustion served as a mediator in the relationship between social support and anxiety symptoms/depression symptoms. We used the following self-reported questionnaires as instruments to collect data: zung self-rating depression scale, zung self-rating anxiety scale, social support rating scale, and emotional exhaustion scale. RESULTS: In the final study sample, the mean age of the residents was 25.92 years old (SD =1.88), and a total of 41.3% were male, and 58.7% were female. This current study suggested that social support was proven to be a relevant factor affecting anxiety symptoms and depression symptoms. Particularly, the results also indicated that emotional exhaustion partially mediated the impact of social support on anxiety symptoms and depression symptoms among Chinese residents in the standardized residency training program. CONCLUSIONS: Our study signifies that enhancements in social support and reduction of emotional exhaustion can directly or indirectly affect anxiety symptoms and depression symptoms among Chinese residents in the standardized residency training program. These findings will offer insight for health-sector managers to develop programs aimed at social support and adopt individual-level interventions and organization-level interventions to reduce emotional exhaustion.

11.
Stem Cell Res ; 56: 102540, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547706

RESUMO

Isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from a healthy female were successfully transformed into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by non-integrating episomal vectors containing OCT4, SOX2, c-MYC, KLF4, and BCL-XL. The iPSCs displayed a normal karyotype, expressed pluripotency markers and could differentiate into three germ layers in vitro. This iPSC line may be subsequently used for further researches.

12.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 26(1): 36, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a kind of intestinal immune dysfunction disease, and its occurrence and prevalence are on the rise worldwide. As a chronic gastrointestinal disease, its pathogenesis is still unknown. Exosomes are vesicles in various body fluids that carry a variety of substances. They can mediate intercellular communication and long-distance transport of multiple media. In this study, we investigated the protein profile of serum exosomes from healthy people and IBD patients to explore a new serological biomarker for IBD. METHODS: Initially, exosomes were extracted from serum samples, and the proteins within the exosomes were identified by label-free liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Western blot and ELISA were used to assess the identified protein. To further analyze the target protein, an acute colitis mouse model was established, and exosomes in colonic tissue and serum were extracted to investigate the protein in them. RESULTS: Firstly, serum exosomes were extracted from samples, and proteins in exosomes were identified by LC-MS/MS. Through statistical analysis, we identified 633 proteins. Among these proteins, pregnancy zone protein (PZP) showed a marked difference between patients with IBD and healthy people, in that its expression level was much higher in the IBD patients This exosomal protein was associated with immunosuppressive effects. Also, the level of PZP in colon tissue exosomes and serum exosomes of acute colitis mice was significantly higher than that of the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicated that serum exosome PZP was present at a high level in the IBD patients. Hence it might be a promising biomarker and enhance auxiliary diagnosis of IBD.

13.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 677245, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34456858

RESUMO

Background: Various factors are discovered in the development of clinodactyly. The purpose of this retrospective study was to present a group of children with a rare clinodactyly deformity caused by phalangeal intra-articular osteochondroma and evaluate the efficacy of various treatment methods. Methods: All child patients that were treated for finger problems in our center between Jan 2017 and Dec 2020 were reviewed. A detailed analysis was made of the diagnosis and treatment methods in eight rare cases. X-rays and histopathology were applied. Results: A preliminary analysis of 405 patients in total was performed, and we included eight cases in our final analysis. This cohort consisted of 2 girls and 6 boys, with a mean age of 5.74 ± 3.22 years (range: 2y5m to 11y). Overall, four patients had their right hand affected and four patients had their left hand affected. One patient was diagnosed as having hereditary multiple osteochondroma (HMO) while the other seven patients were all grouped into solitary osteochondroma. Osteochondroma was proven in all of them by histopathology examination. Preoperative X-rays were used to allow identification and surgery planning in all cases. All osteochondromas were intra-articular and in the distal end of the phalanges, which is located opposite the epiphyseal growth area. All of the osteochondromas developed in half side of the phalanges. The angulation in the finger long axis was measured, and resulted in a mean angulation of 34.63 ± 24.93 degree (range: 10.16-88.91 degree). All of them received surgery, resulting in good appearance and fingers straightening. No recurrence was recorded. Conclusions: This retrospective analysis indicates that 10 degrees can be selected as the angulation level for diagnosis of clinodactyly deformities. What's more important, the abnormal mass proven by X-rays should be included as the classical direct sign for diagnosis. The first choice of treatment is surgery in symptomatic osteochondromas.

15.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0253982, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197546

RESUMO

While the issue of individual variation has been widely studied in second language learning or processing, it is less well understood how perceptual and musical aptitude differences can explain individual variation in native speech processing. In the current study, we make use of tone merger in Hong Kong Cantonese, an ongoing sound change that concerns the merging of tones in perception, production or both in a portion of native speakers, to examine the possible relationship between tone merger and musical and pitch abilities. Although a previous study has reported the occurrence of tone merger independently of musical training, it has not been investigated before whether tone-merging individuals, especially those merging tones in perception, would have inferior musical perception and fine-grained pitch sensitivities, given the close relationship of speech and music. To this end, we tested three groups of tone-merging individuals with various tone perception and production profiles on musical perception and pitch threshold tasks, in comparison to a group of Cantonese speakers with congenital amusia, and another group of controls without tone merger or amusia. Additionally, the amusics were compared with tone-merging individuals on the details of their tone discrimination and production profiles. The results showed a clear dissociation of tone merger and amusia, with the tone-merging individuals exhibiting intact musical and pitch abilities; on the other hand, the amusics demonstrated widespread difficulties in tone discrimination yet intact tone production, in contrast to the highly selective confusion of a specific tone pair in production or discrimination in tone-merging individuals. These findings provide the first evidence that tone merger and amusia are distinct from each other, and further suggest that the cause of tone merger may lie elsewhere rather than being driven by musical or pitch deficits. We also discussed issues arising from the current findings regarding the neural mechanisms of tone merger and amusia.

16.
J Ovarian Res ; 14(1): 79, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34148561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disease in women of reproductive age. Multiple studies have shown that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) and microRNAs (miRNA) play a role in PCOS. This study aimed to explore the role and molecular mechanism of lncRNA -Regulator of reprogramming (lncROR) in PCOS. RESULTS: Expression level of lncROR in PCOS patients was up-regulated, while level of miR-206 was down-regulated in comparison with control group (P < 0.001). Logistics regression analysis showed that lncROR and miR-206 were independent predictors of PCOS. The ROC curve showed that lncROR had a high diagnostic value for PCOS with an AUC value of 0.893. Pearson correlation coefficient indicated that the expression level of miR-206 was negatively correlated with the level of lncROR. CCK-8 assay and apoptosis assay revealed that downregulation of lncROR up-regulated the expression of miR-206, thereby inhibiting cell proliferation and promoting cell apoptosis. However, silencing the expression of miR-206 reversed the above effects caused by down-regulation of lncROR expression. Luciferase reporter gene assay suggested that there was a target relationship between lncROR and miR-206. VEGF was proved to be the target gene of miR-206. CONCLUSIONS: Highly expressed lncROR indirectly up-regulated the expression of VEGF by down-regulating the expression of miR-206, thereby promoting the proliferation of KGN cells and inhibiting apoptosis, and further promoting the development of PCOS.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34073788

RESUMO

Immigrant women are less likely to be physically active and face many barriers to participation in physical activity. This systematic review aims to identify the influencing factors and adaption approaches of physical activity interventions among midlife immigrant women. A systematic literature search was performed using various databases, such as MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL, in February 2021. Studies were included if they investigated midlife immigrant women participating in physical activity interventions and were published in an English peer-reviewed journal in or after 2000. Twenty-two papers were included in this review. Guided by the Ecosocial theory, thematic analysis was utilized for data analysis. Among midlife immigrant women, influencing factors associated with physical activity participation included individual factors (a lack of time, current health status, motivation, and a lack of proficiency in various life skills), familial factors (familial support and seasonality), and community factors (social support and neighbourhood environment). The appropriate adaptation of physical activity interventions included adjustments in language, physical activity intensity, physical activity duration, logistical intervention adjustments and other potential technology-based adjustments. The findings can inform community stakeholders, healthcare professionals and researchers to design appropriate physical activity interventions that meet the needs of midlife immigrant women and improve their health outcomes.


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Motivação , Apoio Social
18.
Front Med ; 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34170455

RESUMO

Severe aplastic anemia II (SAA-II) progresses from non-severe aplastic anemia (NSAA). The unavailability of efficacious treatment has prompted the need for haploidentical bone marrow transplantation (haplo-BMT) in patients lacking a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched donor. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of haplo-BMT for patients with SAA-II. Twenty-two patients were included and followed up, and FLU/BU/CY/ATG was used as conditioning regimen. Among these patients, 21 were successfully engrafted, 19 of whom survived after haplo-BMT. Four patients experienced grade II-IV aGvHD, including two with grade III-IV aGvHD. Six patients experienced chronic GvHD, among whom four were mild and two were moderate. Twelve patients experienced infections during BMT. One was diagnosed with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder and one with probable EBV disease, and both recovered after rituximab infusion. Haplo-BMT achieved 3-year overall survival and disease-free survival rate of 86.4% ± 0.73% after a median follow-up of 42 months, indicating its effectiveness as a salvage therapy. These promising outcomes may support haplo-BMT as an alternative treatment strategy for patients with SAA-II lacking HLA-matched donors.

19.
Nurse Educ Today ; 104: 104953, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Training programs are crucial for newly graduated nurses transitioning from nursing school to independent clinical nursing careers. However, few studies have focused on the training of newly graduated mental health nurses. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop, implement, and preliminarily evaluate a standardized training program for newly graduated nurses entering psychiatric nursing. DESIGN: The Delphi technique was adopted for program development, and a quasi-experimental design was employed for program implementation. SETTINGS: Six mental health institutions were involved in the practice training, and among these, three university-affiliated psychiatric hospitals were the study sites for theoretical training. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 180 newly graduated nurses hired by the six hospitals were involved and 154 finished the training program. METHODS: The program was developed using the Delphi method based on the results of a literature review and semi-structured interview with clinical practitioners. Change in mental health nurses' core competencies before and after the program was compared during program implementation. Focus group interviews were employed to collect the opinions and influence of the standardized training program after the intervention, and content analysis was used to analyze it. RESULTS: A two-round Delphi expert consultation was done, and 7 core competency elements and 37 training topics were designed for the standardized training program. The six-month training program consisted of two months for course training and four months of practical training, which were guided by a manual. Total CIRN scale score improved (142.29 ± 34.87 vs. 160.35 ± 32.46, P < 0.01) after receiving the program as did the scores for each dimension (P < 0.01). Participants gave positive feedback and suggested optimal training length and certification for the program. CONCLUSIONS: The standardized training program focused on mental health nursing proved to be a viable method of novice nurse training and resulted in positive outcomes. The program length and its long-term effects deserve further exploration to determine the best practical training program for sustaining optimal development of mental health nursing.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Escolas de Enfermagem
20.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 23(7): 1302-1315, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34128308

RESUMO

Until recently, few studies have reported the secular trend and associated factors of hypertension severities and phenotypes in China. In this study, the authors aimed to assess the trend in the prevalence of hypertension according to severity and phenotype in Chinese adults from 1991 to 2015 and to explore potential cardiometabolic factors. From the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), the authors included 164 682 records of adults (≥18 years). The prevalence of hypertension by severity (stage 1 and stage 2 hypertension) and by phenotype (isolated systolic hypertension [ISH], isolated diastolic hypertension [IDH], and systolic-diastolic hypertension [SDH]), during 1991-2015 was explored. The potential effects of demographic, socioeconomic, geographic, and cardiometabolic factors on hypertension severities and phenotypes were assessed by multivariable logistic regression. During 1991-2015, the overall prevalence of hypertension increased dramatically from 15.7% to 23.3%. For stage 1 and stage 2 hypertension, the age-standardized prevalence increased from 10.1% to 15.6% and from 5.5% to 7.4%, respectively. For ISH and SDH, the age-standardized prevalence rates rose from 3.6% to 6.4% and from 6.9% to 10.4%, respectively. Advanced age and medium/high urbanization were positively associated factors, whereas females, higher educational attainments, and residing in Southern China were negatively associated factors. Additionally, general obesity, central obesity, diabetes, and elevated triglyceride levels were linked to ISH, IDH, and SDH. The present study documents an increasing trend in the prevalence of hypertension, including different severities and phenotypes, among Chinese adults over more than two decades. Efforts for the prevention and management of hypertension are in urgent need in China.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Fenótipo , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
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