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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 284: 114773, 2022 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34699947

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Baicalin is one of the major bioactive compounds extracted from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, which was used to treat cerebral ischemia for thounds of years. However, its biological mechanisms remains to be further explored. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This study aims to identify potential biological mechanisms of baicalin against cerebral ischemia combining antibody-based array and bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: A rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was constructed. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: control group, ischemic model group, and baicalin 100 mg/kg treatment group respectively. Bederson score and 2, 3, 5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining were examined to evaluate the pharmacodynamics of baicalin treatment. Antibody-based array technology, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), western-blot, molecular docking, transcription factor perdiction, hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), and immunofluorescence staining were used to study the regulation of baicalin on inflammatory response after cerebral ischemia in vivo. LPS-induced RAW 264.7 macrophage inflammation model was prepared to observe the anti-inflammatory effect of baicalin in vitro. RESULTS: Baicalin (100 mg/kg) reduced neurological injury score, cerebral infarction volume, and necrotic cells in MCAO rats. Baicalin inhibited the expression of CCL2, and reduced the phosphorylation levels of p65, IκBα protein and down-regulated level of CCR2. Besides, baicalin could bond to CCR2 directly, which prevented CCL2 from binding to CCR2. Furthermore, baicalin down-regulated the number of monocytes in the peripheral blood and improved the spleen index post-cerebral ischemia. In vitro, baicalin significantly inhibited the secretion of NO, IL6, TNFα, and CCL2 in macrophages and promoted the secretion of IL13, IFNG, and IL1a. CONCLUSIONS: Baicalin inhibited cerebral ischemia-induced activation of the NFκB/CCL2/CCR2 pathway with multiple target effect. These data promote the therapeutic utilization of baicalin in preventing cerebral ischemia clinically.

3.
Front Vet Sci ; 8: 759812, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869732

RESUMO

Viral disease management has been proven difficult, and there are no broadly licensed vaccines or therapeutics. Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) is an active pathogen of wild ungulates and livestock; its infection frequently caused irreversible vesicles on the tongue or other positions, leading to enormous economic loss. Tea tree oil (TTO) has been shown to be a popular remedy for many skin diseases owing to its antibacterial, antipruritic, and anti-inflammatory effects. However, the potential effect of TTO on VSV proliferation and the corresponding inflammatory response in cells remain unclear. In this study, methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay was used to evaluate the cell viability of TTO, and cytotoxic concentration 50 (CC50) was calculated. Then, fluorescence observation, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, Western blot (WB), and flow cytometry (FCM) assay were used to evaluate the antiviral effect of TTO against VSV under three manners of pre-infection before medication, co-administration, pretreatment before infection at safe doses to Vero cells. Meanwhile, the mRNA expressions of interleukin 8, tumor necrosis factor α, and ISG56 in cells were also detected. The results showed that the maximum safe concentration of TTO to Vero cells was 0.063% and the CC50 is 0.32%. Most notably, TTO dose-dependently inhibited the VSV GFP fluorescence generation and restrained the replication of VSV in gene and protein levels regardless of the treatment modes. Based on the results of the FCM, effective concentration 50 of TTO against VSV is 0.019%. Similarly, the mRNA expression of the above cytokines induced by viral infection was also remarkably curbed. These findings suggest that TTO emerged blocking, prophylaxis, and treatment action against VSV replication and suppressed the related inflammation in Vero cells. This study provides a novel potential for TTO fighting against viral infection and anti-inflammatory activities in Vero cells.

4.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-9, 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34870558

RESUMO

Heat stress (HS) has a negative impact on the health and performance of dairy cows, resulting in economic losses. Damage to the intestinal epithelium is the main cause of the adverse effects of heat stress on bovine health. This study investigated the repair capability of L-arginine (L-Arg) in reducing the adverse effects of HS on bovine intestinal epithelial cells (BIECs). BIECs were treated as follows: (1) control cells were cultured at 37 °C continuously and received no L-Arg; (2) cells in HS group were grown at 42 °C for 6 h followed by 12 h at 37 °C; and (3) the L-Arg group was cultured at 42 °C for 6 h, then treated with L-Arg at 37 °C for 12 h. HS disrupted redox homeostasis and reduced viability in BIECs, while treatment with L-Arg (6 mmol/L) for 12 h markedly reduced the negative effects of HS. L-Arg protected cells by preventing HS-induced changes in mitochondrial membrane-potential, inflammation, apoptosis-related gene expression and regulation of antioxidant enzymes. The above results indicated that L-Arg reduced the level of damage from HS in BIECs by lowering oxidant stress and inflammation, suggesting that L-Arg could be an effective dietary addition to protect cows from adverse intestinal effects caused by HS.

5.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 711835, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34966296

RESUMO

Major depressive disorder (MDD), which is highly associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), has complex pathogenic mechanisms. However, a limited number of studies have evaluated the mutual pathomechanisms involved in MDD and NAFLD development. Chronic stress-mediated elevations in glucocorticoid (GC) levels play an important role in the development of MDD-related NAFLD. Elevated GC levels can induce the release of inflammatory factors and changes in gut permeability. Elevated levels of inflammatory factors activate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, which further increases the release of GC. At the same time, changes in gut permeability promote the release of inflammatory factors, which results in a vicious circle among the three, causing disease outbreaks. Even though the specific role of the thyroid hormone (TH) in this pathogenesis has not been fully established, it is highly correlated with MDD and NAFLD. Therefore, changing lifestyles and reducing psychological stress levels are necessary measures for preventing MDD-related NAFLD. Among them, GC inhibitors and receptor antagonists may be key in the alleviation of early and mid-term disease progression. However, combination medications may be important in late-stage diseases, but they are associated with various side effects. Traditional Chinese medicines have been shown to be potential therapeutic alternatives for such complex diseases.

6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(11)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34846291

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, non-motile and coccus-shaped bacterium, designated strain LNNU 331112T, was isolated from the composite rhizosphere soil of the halophyte Suaeda aralocaspica (Bunge) Freitag and Schütze, which was collected in Xinjiang, north-west China. Growth occurred at 10-45 °C, pH 6.0-11.0 and in the presence of 0-10 % NaCl (w/v). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence suggested that strain LNNU 331112T belonged to the genus Hoyosella and showed 95.6, 95.5 and 95.4 % sequence similarities to Hoyosella altamirensis DSM 45258T, Hoyosella subflava CGMCC 4.3532T and Hoyosella rhizosphaerae CGMCC 1.15478T, respectively. The estimated digital DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness values between strain LNNU 331112T and the type strains of H. altamirensis DSM 45258T, H. subflava CGMCC 4.3532T and H. rhizosphaerae CGMCC 1.15478T were 18.9, 19.3 and 18.3 %, respectively. The average nucleotide identity values between strain LNNU 331112T and H. altamirensis DSM 45258T, H. subflava CGMCC 4.3532T and H. rhizosphaerae CGMCC 1.15478T were 72.6, 72.7 and 72.3 %, respectively. The genome sequence of strain LNNU 331112T showed 69.0-72.3 % average amino acid identity values in comparison with the related genome sequences of three validly published Hoyosella species. The genome of strain LNNU 331112T was 3.47 Mb, with a DNA G+C content of 68.4 mol%. A total of 3182 genes were identified as protein-coding in strain LNNU 331112T. Genomic analysis revealed that a number of genes involved in osmotic pressure regulation, intracellular pH homeostasis and potassium (K+) uptake protein were found in strain LNNU 331112T. The predominant menaquinones were MK-8 (44.6 %) and MK-7 (55.4 %), which differentiated strain LNNU 331112T from other three recognized Hoyosella species. Major fatty acids (>10 %) were C17 : 1 ω8c (33.8 %), C16 : 0 (23.3 %), C17 : 0 (12.8 %) and summed feature 3 (12.9 %), which also clearly separated strain LNNU 331112T from three recognized Hoyosella species. The polar lipid profile of strain LNNU 331112T included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, one unidentified glycolipid, one unidentified phospholipid and two unidentified lipids. According to the results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses, strain LNNU 331112T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Hoyosella, for which the name Hoyosella suaedae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LNNU 331112T (=KCTC 39808T=CGMCC 1.17107T=DSM 103463T).

7.
Water Res ; 207: 117849, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785408

RESUMO

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), normally present in groundwater and surface water, is an emerging environmental contaminants, but is extremely difficult to be degraded due to high energy of the C-F bond. Here, an electrocoagulation (EC) technique coupled with peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation was used to deeply degrade PFOS. Results showed that approximately 100% PFOS was removed from the solution in the monopolar serial (MS) mode within 60 min and achieved a high kinetic rate of 0.074 min-1, which was significantly higher than those of reported studies (Table S3). Energy consumption (2.06 kWh/kg) in the MS mode was significantly lower than that of Al (52.30 kWh/kg) and Zn (213.50 kWh/kg) electrodes, which further confirmed the potential application prospects of EC technique. The quenching experiments, electron spin response (ESR) analysis, and DFT calculations can verify that ·OH was the main radical from the reaction of Fe2+-OH reaction site with PMS. In addition, results from fluorine balance and TOC removal also indicated the complete mineralization and degradation of PFOS in the EC process. Quantum chemical calculations can confirm the PFOS degradation mechanism and key active sites for direct electron transfer and radical attack. After five cycle operations of PFOS degradation, the EC process was still effective in degrading PFOS with a removal efficiency above 98%. Thus, this work provided a novel alternative for the high-effective treatment of PFOS from contaminated environmental water bodies.

8.
Integr Zool ; 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767280

RESUMO

Food supply is one of the major drivers of animal behavior, and the gut microbiome is an important mediator between food supply and its effects on physiology. However, predicting the outcome of diet change on microbiome and consequences for the animal has proven extremely challenging. We propose this reflects processes occurring at different scales. Inadequate accounting for the multi-level complexity of nutrition (nutrients, foods, diets) obscures the diet influence on microbiome and subsequently animal. Here, we present a detailed year-round, multi-level analysis of diet and microbiome changes in a wild population of a temperate primate, the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta). Total daily food and nutrient intake of 6 male and 6 female macaques was monitored in each of the 4 seasons (total 120 days observations). For each individual, we found significant variation in the microbiome between all 4 seasons. This response was more strongly correlated with changes in macronutrient intake than with food items and much of the response could be explained at the level of 6 ecological guilds-sets of taxa sharing similar responses to nutrient intake. We conclude that study of diet, microbiome, and animal performance in ecology will more effectively identify patterns if diet is recorded at the level of nutrient intake. Although microbiome response to diet does show variation in species-level taxa in response to food items, there is greater commonality in response at the level of guilds. A goal for microbiome researchers should be to identify genes encoding microbial attributes that can define such guilds.

9.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 31(1): 106199, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775183

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The nerve damage and cognitive impairment caused by intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) seriously affect the quality of life of patients. Cordycepin has been reported to have antioxidant and neuroprotective functions. However, the therapeutic effect of cordycepin on cognitive impairment caused by ICH is still unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Autologous whole blood was injected into the basal ganglia to construct a mouse ICH model. The Modified Neurological Severity Score was used to assess nerve damage in mice. The wet/dry method was used to detect brain water content. Open field test was used to assess the anxiety of mice. Morris water maze testing, Y-maze test and nest-building test were used to evaluate the cognitive function of mice. qRT-PCR and western blotting assay were used to evaluate the expression of genes. RESULTS: Cordycepin treatment could ameliorate ICH-induced neurological deficits, brain edema, anxiety, cognitive impairments, oxidative stress and antioxidant capacity in ICH mice. CONCLUSION: Cordycepin ameliorates ICH-induced neurological and cognitive impairments through reducing anti-oxidative stress in mouse model.

10.
Adv Mater ; : e2105308, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610648

RESUMO

To improve the electroactivity and stability of electrocatalysts, various modulation strategies have been applied in nanocatalysts. Among different methods, heteroatom doping has been considered as an effective method, which modifies the local bonding environments and the electronic structures. Meanwhile, the design of novel two-dimensional (2D) nanostructures also offers new opportunities for achieving efficient electrocatalysts. In this work, Mn-doped ultrathin Ru nanosheet branches (RuMn NSBs), a newly reported 2D nanostructure, is synthesized. With the ultrathin and naturally abundant edges, the RuMn NSBs have exhibited bifunctionalities of hydrogen evolution reaction and oxygen evolution reaction with high electroactivity and durability in different electrolytes. Experimental characterizations have revealed that RuO bonds are shortened due to Mn doping, which is the key factor that leads to improved electrochemical performances. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations have confirmed that the introduction of Mn enables flexible modulations on the valence states of Ru sites. The inversed redox state evolutions of Ru and Mn sites not only improve the electroactivity for the water splitting but also the long-term stability due to the pinning effect of Ru sites. This work has provided important inspirations for the design of future advanced Ru-based electrocatalysts with high performances and durability.

11.
Ann Stat ; 49(4): 1999-2020, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621096

RESUMO

Distance correlation has become an increasingly popular tool for detecting the nonlinear dependence between a pair of potentially high-dimensional random vectors. Most existing works have explored its asymptotic distributions under the null hypothesis of independence between the two random vectors when only the sample size or the dimensionality diverges. Yet its asymptotic null distribution for the more realistic setting when both sample size and dimensionality diverge in the full range remains largely underdeveloped. In this paper, we fill such a gap and develop central limit theorems and associated rates of convergence for a rescaled test statistic based on the bias-corrected distance correlation in high dimensions under some mild regularity conditions and the null hypothesis. Our new theoretical results reveal an interesting phenomenon of blessing of dimensionality for high-dimensional distance correlation inference in the sense that the accuracy of normal approximation can increase with dimensionality. Moreover, we provide a general theory on the power analysis under the alternative hypothesis of dependence, and further justify the capability of the rescaled distance correlation in capturing the pure nonlinear dependency under moderately high dimensionality for a certain type of alternative hypothesis. The theoretical results and finite-sample performance of the rescaled statistic are illustrated with several simulation examples and a blockchain application.

12.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(40): 16512-16518, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601870

RESUMO

Heterojunction nanostructures usually exhibit enhanced properties in compariosn with their building blocks and are promising catalyst candidates due to their combined surface and unique interface. Here, for the first time we realized the oriented growth of ultrasmall metal nanoparticles (NPs) on metal-organic framework nanosheets (MOF NSs) by precisely regulating the reduction kinetics of metal ions with solvents. In particular, a rapid reduction of metal ions leads to the random distribution of metal NPs on the surface of MOF NSs, while a slow reduction of metal ions results in the oriented growth of NPs on the edge of MOF NSs. Impressively, the strong synergy between Pt NPs and MOF NSs significantly enhances the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) performance, and the optimal catalyst displays HER activities superior to those of a composite with a random growth of Pt NPs and commercial Pt/C under both acidic and alkaline conditions. Moreover, the versatility of such oriented growth has been extended to other metal NPs, such as Pd, Ag, and Au. We believe this work will promote research interest in material design for many potential applications.

13.
Front Immunol ; 12: 688961, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34659197

RESUMO

T-cell immunoglobulin and immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif domain (TIGIT) is an immunosuppressive receptor expressed on the surface of immune cells, suppressing immune responses by activating the intracellular negative regulatory signals. TIGIT plays an important role in the pathogenesis of various tumors, but its immune escape in colorectal cancer remains unclear. We found that the proportion of CD3+TIGIT+ T cells was increased in peripheral blood and cancer tissue in colorectal cancer patients when compared with the healthy donors. These cells exhibited functional defects, low proliferative activity, impaired cytokine production and reduced glucose metabolism. A strong association was also observed between the elevated TIGIT expression and poor prognosis in this cohort. In the in vitro co-culture assays of T cells and tumor cells, the suppressed glucose metabolic activity of T cells was reversed by TIGIT blockade. In addition, this blockade induced the apoptosis and reduced G2/M transit in tumor cells. The antitumor efficacy of TIGIT Ab therapy was further demonstrated in a human colorectal xenograft mice model while co-blockers of TIGIT and PD-1 exhibited synergistic suppressing effects on tumor growth. These results suggest that while TIGIT induces CD3+ T cell dysfunction in colorectal cancer, co-targeting TIGIT and PD-1 can lead to an effective antitumor response and may serve as a novel therapeutic strategy for colorectal patients.

14.
Nat Chem ; 13(11): 1093-1100, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635816

RESUMO

Chiral Brønsted acid-catalysed asymmetric synthesis has received tremendous interest over the past decades, and numerous efficient synthetic methods have been developed based on this approach. However, the use of chiral Brønsted acids in these reactions is mostly limited to the activation of imine and carbonyl moieties, and the direct activation of carbon-carbon triple bonds has so far not been invoked. Here we show that chiral Brønsted acids enable the catalytic asymmetric dearomatization reactions of naphthol-, phenol- and pyrrole-ynamides by the direct activation of alkynes. This method leads to the practical and atom-economic construction of various valuable spirocyclic enones and 2H-pyrroles that bear a chiral quaternary carbon stereocentre in generally good-to-excellent yields with excellent chemo-, regio- and enantioselectivities. The activation mode of chiral Brønsted acid catalysis revealed in this study is expected to be of broad utility in catalytic asymmetric reactions that involve ynamides and the related heteroatom-substituted alkynes.

15.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6007, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650084

RESUMO

Exploring new materials is essential in the field of material science. Especially, searching for optimal materials with utmost atomic utilization, ideal activities and desirable stability for catalytic applications requires smart design of materials' structures. Herein, we report iridium metallene oxide: 1 T phase-iridium dioxide (IrO2) by a synthetic strategy combining mechanochemistry and thermal treatment in a strong alkaline medium. This material demonstrates high activity for oxygen evolution reaction with a low overpotential of 197 millivolt in acidic electrolyte at 10 milliamperes per geometric square centimeter (mA cmgeo-2). Together, it achieves high turnover frequencies of 4.2 sUPD-1 (3.0 sBET-1) at 1.50 V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode. Furthermore, 1T-IrO2 also shows little degradation after 126 hours chronopotentiometry measurement under the high current density of 250 mA cmgeo-2 in proton exchange membrane device. Theoretical calculations reveal that the active site of Ir in 1T-IrO2 provides an optimal free energy uphill in *OH formation, leading to the enhanced performance. The discovery of this 1T-metallene oxide material will provide new opportunities for catalysis and other applications.

16.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2021: 7196492, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691241

RESUMO

COVID-19 has swept through the world since December 2019 and caused a large number of patients and deaths. Spatial prediction on the spread of the epidemic is greatly important for disease control and management. In this study, we predicted the cumulative confirmed cases (CCCs) from Jan 17 to Mar 1, 2020, in mainland China at the city level, using machine learning algorithms, geographically weighted regression (GWR), and partial least squares regression (PLSR) based on population flow, geolocation, meteorological, and socioeconomic variables. The validation results showed that machine learning algorithms and GWR achieved good performances. These models could not effectively predict CCCs in Wuhan, the first city that reported COVID-19 cases in China, but performed well in other cities. Random Forest (RF) outperformed other methods with a CV-R 2 of 0.84. In this model, the population flow from Wuhan to other cities (WP) was the most important feature and the other features also made considerable contributions to the prediction accuracy. Compared with RF, GWR showed a slightly worse performance (CV-R 2 = 0.81) but required fewer spatial independent variables. This study explored the spatial prediction of the epidemic based on multisource spatial independent variables, providing references for the estimation of CCCs in the regions lacking accurate and timely.


Assuntos
COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Geografia , Aprendizado de Máquina , Algoritmos , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Clima , Doenças Transmissíveis , Monitoramento Ambiental , Epidemias , Humanos , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Modelos Estatísticos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , SARS-CoV-2 , Classe Social , Regressão Espacial
17.
Natl Sci Rev ; 8(1): nwaa088, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691549

RESUMO

Understanding the correlation between exposed surfaces and performances of controlled nanocatalysts can aid effective strategies to enhance electrocatalysis, but this is as yet unexplored for the nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR). Here, we first report controlled synthesis of well-defined Pt3Fe nanocrystals with tunable morphologies (nanocube, nanorod and nanowire) as ideal model electrocatalysts for investigating the NRR on different exposed facets. The detailed electrocatalytic studies reveal that the Pt3Fe nanocrystals exhibit shape-dependent NRR electrocatalysis. The optimized Pt3Fe nanowires bounded with high-index facets exhibit excellent selectivity (no N2H4 is detected), high activity with NH3 yield of 18.3 µg h-1 mg-1 cat (0.52 µg h-1 cm-2 ECSA; ECSA: electrochemical active surface area) and Faraday efficiency of 7.3% at -0.05 V versus reversible hydrogen electrode, outperforming the {200} facet-enclosed Pt3Fe nanocubes and {111} facet-enclosed Pt3Fe nanorods. They also show good stability with negligible activity change after five cycles. Density functional theory calculations reveal that, with high-indexed facet engineering, the Fe-3d band is an efficient d-d coupling correlation center for boosting the Pt 5d-electronic exchange and transfer activities towards the NRR.

18.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6261, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34716289

RESUMO

High-entropy alloys (HEAs) with unique physicochemical properties have attracted tremendous attention in many fields, yet the precise control on dimension and morphology at atomic level remains formidable challenges. Herein, we synthesize unique PtRuNiCoFeMo HEA subnanometer nanowires (SNWs) for alkaline hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR). The mass and specific activities of HEA SNWs/C reach 6.75 A mgPt+Ru-1 and 8.96 mA cm-2, respectively, which are 2.8/2.6, 4.1/2.4, and 19.8/18.7 times higher than those of HEA NPs/C, commercial PtRu/C and Pt/C, respectively. It can even display enhanced resistance to CO poisoning during HOR in the presence of 1000 ppm CO. Density functional theory calculations reveal that the strong interactions between different metal sites in HEA SNWs can greatly regulate the binding strength of proton and hydroxyl, and therefore enhances the HOR activity. This work not only provides a viable synthetic route for the fabrication of Pt-based HEA subnano/nano materials, but also promotes the fundamental researches on catalysis and beyond.

19.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-9, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34686116

RESUMO

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation with Glycyrrhiza polysaccharide (GCP) on growth performance, serum biochemistry, immunity, and egg laying in female quail. 300 1-day-old female quail were sorted into four dietary treatments with five replicate cages of 15 birds each. The basic diet in the four treatment groups was supplemented with 0, 500, 1000 and 1500 mg/kg GCP, and the experiment continued for 80 days. Results showed that dietary supplementation with GCP significantly (p < 0.05) increased average daily gain in a dose-dependent fashion, and decreased (p < 0.05) the feed-to-gain ratio and mortality. The relative weights of the thymus and bursa of Fabricius increased (p < 0.05) linearly with increasing dose of GCP from 0 to 1500 mg/kg on day 20. GCP birds showed higher serum levels of protein, glucose, immunoglobulin A and immunoglobulin M, but lower serum triglycerides (p < 0.05) on day 50. GCP increased (p < 0.05) average laying rate and average egg weight linearly from days 60 to 80, whereas feed to egg ratio was decreased (p < 0.05). Taken together, these results revealed that GCP could improve growth performance, serum biochemistry, immunity, and egg laying in female quail. Therefore, GCP may be a potential replacement for antibiotic growth promoters in poultry.

20.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1135, 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is one of the most lethal urological malignancies, but the pathogenesis and prognosis of ccRCC remain obscure, which need to be better understand. METHODS: Differentially expressed genes were identified and function enrichment analyses were performed using three publicly available ccRCC gene expression profiles downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The protein-protein interaction and the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks were visualized by Cytoscape. Multivariate Cox analysis was used to predict an optimal risk mode, and the survival analysis was performed with the Kaplan-Meier curve and log-rank test. Protein expression data were downloaded from Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium database and Human Protein Atlas database, and the clinical information as well as the corresponding lncRNA and miRNA expression data were obtained via The Cancer Genome Atlas database. The co-expressed genes and potential function of candidate genes were explored using data exacted from the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia database. RESULTS: Of the 1044 differentially expressed genes shared across the three datasets, 461 were upregulated, and 583 were downregulated, which significantly enriched in multiple immunoregulatory-related biological process and tumor-associated pathways, such as HIF-1, PI3K-AKT, P53 and Rap1 signaling pathways. In the most significant module, 36 hub genes were identified and were predominantly enriched in inflammatory response and immune and biotic stimulus pathways. Survival analysis and validation of the hub genes at the mRNA and protein expression levels suggested that these genes, particularly complement component 3 (C3) and fibronectin 1 (FN1), were primarily responsible for ccRCC tumorigenesis and progression. Increased expression of C3 or FN1 was also associated with advanced clinical stage, high pathological grade, and poor survival in patients with ccRCC. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis qualified the expression levels of the two genes as candidate biomarkers for predicting poor survival. FN1 was potentially regulated by miR-429, miR-216b and miR-217, and constructed a bridge to C3 and C3AR1 in the ceRNA network, indicating a critical position of FN1. CONCLUSIONS: The biomarkers C3 and FN1 could provide theoretical support for the development of a novel prognostic tool to advance ccRCC diagnosis and targeted therapy.

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