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1.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 82: 106376, 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32163857

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis is a relatively common disorder of articular deterioration related to cartilage damage, subchondral bone remodelling, inflammation and metabolism. Agents that can inhibit cartilage degradation and osteoclastogenesis are required for the prevention and treatment of osteoarthritis. Esculentoside A, the highest concentration triterpene saponin isolated from the root of Phytolacca esculenta, has commonly been used for the treatment of chronic bronchitis. However, the role esculentoside A plays in ameliorating osteoarthritis has not been reported. We found that esculentoside A suppresses the expression of IL-1ß-induced inflammatory and metabolic factors (IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, MMP2, MMP3 and MMP13). In addition, esculentoside A restrains osteoclast formation by inhibiting the marker gene expression of NFATc1 and c-Fos. Our results indicate that esculentoside A markedly suppresses IL-1ß-induced NF-κB and MAPK signalling pathway activation in chondrocytes, and inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclast precursor generation. Finally, treatment with esculentoside A inhibits the progressive cartilage degeneration and osteoclastogenesis in osteoarthritis mouse models. In summary, these results demonstrate that esculentoside A could be a latent therapeutic reagent for the treatment of osteoarthritis.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187881

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the dose response of licogliflozin, a dual inhibitor of sodium/glucose cotransporter 1 (SGLT1) and 2 (SGLT2), by evaluating change in body weight in adults with overweight or obesity. METHODS: This dose-response analysis evaluated change in body weight following 24 weeks with four once-daily and twice-daily licogliflozin doses (2.5-150 mg) versus placebo (primary end point). A further 24-week analysis evaluated the efficacy and safety of two once-daily licogliflozin doses in maintaining initial weight reduction. RESULTS: Licogliflozin once daily or twice daily produced a significant dose-response signal for weight loss versus placebo (P < 0.0001). However, mean adjusted percent changes in body weight after 24 weeks were modest, ranging from -0.45% to -3.83% (in the 50 mg twice daily group [95% CI: -5.26% to -2.48%]; n = 75). Responder analysis of ≥ 5% weight loss at week 24 revealed significant differences versus placebo, which were most pronounced with highest doses of 50 mg twice daily (45.3%) and 150 mg once daily (42.9%) (both P < 0.01). While weight loss was greater at higher doses, gastrointestinal adverse events were also more frequent. The 50-mg once-daily dose had perhaps the best balance between efficacy and tolerability. CONCLUSIONS: Licogliflozin produced significant reductions in body weight versus placebo. However, the magnitude of weight reduction was modest.

3.
Future Oncol ; 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32207329

RESUMO

Aim: Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) B3GALT5-AS1 has been reported as a biomarker for cancer monitoring. This research aims to identify serum long noncoding RNA B3GALT5-AS1 as a new biomarker for the diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) and evaluate its clinical value. Materials & methods: Serum B3GALT5-AS1 expression levels were measured by quantitative real-time PCR. Results: The level of B3GALT5-AS1 in CRC patients was significantly lower than that of healthy patients (p < 0.0001). Further exploration validated that high serum B3GALT5-AS1 level was related to tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage (p = 0.008) and histological differentiation (p = 0.027). Compared with the healthy control group, AUCROC of serum B3GALT5-AS1 in the CRC group was 0.762 with 95% CI: 0.698-0.826 (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: B3GALT5-AS1 may be served as a diagnostic marker for distinguishing CRC patients from healthy people.

5.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(9): 4710-4717, 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071201

RESUMO

Peptide self-assembly, wherein molecule A associates with other A molecules to form fibrillar ß-sheet structures, is common in nature and widely used to fabricate synthetic biomaterials. Selective coassembly of peptide pairs A and B with complementary partial charges is gaining interest due to its potential for expanding the form and function of biomaterials that can be realized. It has been hypothesized that charge-complementary peptides organize into alternating ABAB-type arrangements within assembled ß-sheets, but no direct molecular-level evidence exists to support this interpretation. We report a computational and experimental approach to characterize molecular-level organization of the established peptide pair, CATCH. Discontinuous molecular dynamics simulations predict that CATCH(+) and CATCH(-) peptides coassemble but do not self-assemble. Two-layer ß-sheet amyloid structures predominate, but off-pathway ß-barrel oligomers are also predicted. At low concentration, transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering identified nonfibrillar ∼20-nm oligomers, while at high concentrations elongated fibers predominated. Thioflavin T fluorimetry estimates rapid and near-stoichiometric coassembly of CATCH(+) and CATCH(-) at concentrations ≥100 µM. Natural abundance 13C NMR and isotope-edited Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy indicate that CATCH(+) and CATCH(-) coassemble into two-component nanofibers instead of self-sorting. However, 13C-13C dipolar recoupling solid-state NMR measurements also identify nonnegligible AA and BB interactions among a majority of AB pairs. Collectively, these results demonstrate that strictly alternating arrangements of ß-strands predominate in coassembled CATCH structures, but deviations from perfect alternation occur. Off-pathway ß-barrel oligomers are also suggested to occur in coassembled ß-strand peptide systems.

6.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 3, 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between spinal sagittal subtypes and lumbar disc degeneration is unclear. Thus, we aimed to investigate the relationship between lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration and age in asymptomatic healthy individuals with different sagittal alignments. METHODS: In this cross-sectional observational study, we examined 209 asymptomatic young and middle-aged volunteers (123 women and 86 men) who were divided into the following three groups according to age: groups A (20-30 years), B (31-40 years), and C (41-50 years). The volunteers underwent full-spine standing lateral radiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, 3.0 T) of the lumbar spine. Based on panoramic radiography, two observers measured the spinopelvic parameters and classified the spine into Roussouly subtypes. The degree of disc degeneration was assessed based on T2-weighted images according to the Pfirrmann classification. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant difference in the degree of degeneration of type I spine between groups B and C at L4-L5 (P < 0.03) and L5-S1 (P < 0.01) and between groups A and C at L1-L2 (P < 0.04) and L4-L5 (P < 0.01). The degeneration degree of type II spine at all levels were significantly different between groups A and C. No statistically significant difference was found between groups A and B in all subtypes except for type II spine at L1-L2 (P < 0.04). A significant difference was found at four levels between groups B and C in type III spine (P < 0.05) and between groups A and C. For type IV spine, there was a significant difference in the degree of degeneration at L4-L5 (P < 0.02) between groups A and C. Moreover, almost all single parameters were not strongly correlated with the degree of disc degeneration. CONCLUSION: The different spinal subtypes have characteristics of lumbar disc degeneration at specific levels with age. We considered that spinal classification could be used as a predictor of lumbar disc degeneration. Our data may be helpful to increase awareness of the relationship between spinal subtypes and lumbar disc degeneration. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.

7.
Carbohydr Polym ; 230: 115613, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887935

RESUMO

Targeted and sensitive drug release at the colitis site is critical for the effective therapy of ulcerative colitis and reduction of side effects from the drug. Herein, we used 3,3'-dithiodipropionic acid (DTPA) to covalently link quercetin (Qu) and glyceryl caprylate-caprate (Gcc) via ester bonds to prepare Qu-SS-Gcc lipid nanoparticles (Qu-SS-Gcc LNPs). Dexamethasone (Dex) was used as a model drug, and chitosan (CSO) was modified on the surface of Qu-SS-Gcc LNPs to obtain CSO-modified Dex-loaded Qu-SS-Gcc LNPs (CSO/Dex/LNPs). The encapsulation efficiency and drug loading of CSO/Dex/LNPs were 93.1 % and 8.1 %, respectively. The in vitro release results showed that CSO/Dex/LNPs had esterase-responsive characteristics and could release the drug rapidly in esterase-containing artificial intestinal fluid. A human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell (Caco-2) monolayer was used as the intestinal cell barrier model. Transmembrane resistance measurements and permeation experiments showed that CSO/Dex/LNPs had a protective effect on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated Caco-2 cell monolayer and increased the expression of E-cadherin in LPS-stimulated Caco-2 cells. Moreover, CSO/Dex/LNPs could significantly reduce the expression of the inflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-6 and NO in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. The ulcerative colitis mouse model was constructed by using C57BL/6 mice. The in vivo distribution results showed that CSO/Dex/LNPs had colon-targeting effects and strong retention ability in the colons of mice with colitis. The results also showed that CSO/Dex/LNPs had better anti-inflammatory effects than free Dex, which could reduce colonic atrophy, reduce histomorphological changes and increase the expression of E-cadherin in the colon. Furthermore, the expression levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and NO in the CSO/Dex/LNP-treated group were 37.4 %, 35.5 % and 33.2 % of those in mice with colitis, respectively.

8.
J Nat Med ; 74(1): 170-188, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578667

RESUMO

Saposhnikoviae Radix (SR) is a commonly used crude drug that is obtained from the root and rhizome of Saposhnikovia divaricata which is distributed throughout China, Korea, Mongolia, and Russia. To evaluate the quality of Mongolian S. divaricata, metabolomic profiling of 43 plant specimens from different regions of Mongolia, as well as 8 SR samples and 2 plant specimens from China, were conducted by liquid chromatography-ion-trap-time-of-flight-mass spectrometer (LC-IT-TOF-MS). LC-MS profiles of the specimens showed uniformity and 30 compounds were tentatively identified, including 13 chromones and 17 coumarins. Among them, 16 compounds were isolated and unambiguously verified by comparing them with the spectroscopic data of standard compounds. Orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) based on LC-MS data from 7 Mongolian specimens and 8 Chinese SR samples as well as 2 plant specimens revealed that these 2 groups were clearly distinguishable and that Mongolian specimens were characterized by an abundance of prim-O-glucosylcimifugin (1). Moreover, the OPLS-DA of the Mongolian specimens showed that they can be discriminated by their growing regions based on the content of 8 chromones. The total content of dihydrofurochromones 1-3 was relatively higher in the specimens from Khalkhgol in the far eastern part of Mongolia, while contents of 10, 11, 15, and 16 were higher in those from Holonbuir in the eastern part. Based on this research, the roots of S. divaricata from Mongolia have potential as a new resource of SR in Kampo medicine.

9.
Pharm Biol ; 58(1): 80-88, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887257

RESUMO

Context: Traditionally, Clematis tangutica Korsh. (Ranunculaceae) is used as a Tibetan herb for treating indigestion and blood stasis in China. Recently, a flavonoid glycoside, apigenin-7-O-ß-d-(6″-p-coumaroyl)-glucopyranoside (APG), was isolated from the whole plant of C. tangutica.Objective: To investigate the cardioprotective effects of APG against myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury (MI/RI) and the possible mechanism.Materials and methods: Animals were subjected to 30 min/3 h MI/RI model. At the end of reperfusion, infarct size (IS), histopathology, serum levels CK-MB, LDH, TNF-α, IL-6 and MPO activities were detected. Phospho-IκB-α, ICAM-1 and NF-κB were assessed in vivo. Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were pre-treated with or without APG, followed by stimulation with 8 h/2 h oxygen and glucose deprived/reoxygenation (OGD/R) model. Cell viability, LDH and cardiomyocyte apoptosis were assessed. The expression levels of phospho-IκB-α and NF-κB were measured in vitro.Results: Treatment with APG significantly reduced the following indicators in vivo (p < 0.05): (1) the IS (16.2%); (2) morphology score (1.67); (3) myocardial injury enzymes: CK-MB (26.2 ng/mL) and LDH (688 U/L); (4) pro-inflammatory cytokines: TNF-α (31.5 pg/mL) and IL-6 (163.8 pg/mL); (5) MPO activity (2.75 U/mg); (6) expression levels of phospho-IκB-α (0.47), NF-κB (2.87) and ICAM-1 (10.2). Moreover, treatment with APG also remarkably (p < 0.05) attenuated the following indicators in vitro: (1) LDH level (206 U/L); (2) cardiomyocyte apoptosis; (3) phospho-IκB-α (1.37) and NF-κB (2.50).Conclusions: APG possesses protective effects against MI/RI injury in rats and OGD/R-induced injury in cardiomyocytes by suppressing translocation of NF-κB and reducing inflammatory response; consequently, APG is helpful for treatment of ischaemic heart disease.

10.
Chin J Nat Med ; 17(11): 842-857, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31831131

RESUMO

Astrapterocarpan (AP) is a bioactive constituent of Astragali Radix and was selected as a model compound for investigating the in vitro metabolism of pterocarpans in this study. Its in vitro metabolism was conducted by incubation with rat hepatic 9000g supernatant (S9) in the presence of an NADPH-generating system. At first, four compounds were isolated and their structures were elucidated as 6a-hydroxy-AP (M1), astrametabolin I [M2, 1a-hydroxy-9, 10-dimethoxy-pterocarp-1(2), 4-diene-3-one], 9-demethyl-AP (M3, nissolin) and 4-methoxy-astraisoflavan (M4, 7, 2'dihydroxy-4, 3', 4'-trimethoxy-isoflavan) on the basis of NMR data, respectively. Among them, M1, M2 and M4 were new compounds. Next, the metabolite profile of AP in rat hepatic S9 was obtained via HPLC-DAD-ESI-IT-TOF-MSn, and 40 new metabolites were tentatively identified. These newly identified metabolites included 9 monohydroxylated metabolites, 1 demethylated metabolite, 7 demethylated and monohydroxylated metabolites, 4 dihydroxylated metabolites, 1 hydration metabolite, 1 didemethylated metabolite, 2 glucosylated metabolites, 1 monohydroxylated and dehydrogenated metabolite, 2 monohydroxylated and demethylated and dehydrogenated metabolites, 2 dimerized metabolites, 3 dimerized and monohydroxylated metabolites, 2 dimerized and didemethylated metabolites, and 5 dimerized and demethylated metabolites. Finally, the major metabolic reactions of AP in rat hepatic S9 were summarized and found to be hydroxylation, demethylation, dimerization, hydration, and dehydrogenation. More importantly, the biotransformation from AP to M2 and the dimerization of AP by incubation with hepatic S9 were reported for the first time. In conclusion, this is the first report on the metabolism of a pure pterocarpan in animal tissues, and these findings will provide a solid basis for further studies on the metabolism of other pterocarpans.

11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(22): 4924-4931, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872602

RESUMO

This experiment aims to explore the metabolites of n-butanol and water soluble fraction of an ethanol extracts from Angelicae Sinensis Radix in rats. The chemical constituents of n-butanol and water extracts from Angelicae Sinensis Radix were identified by HPLC-DAD-ESI-IT-TOF-MS~n,and the in vivo metabolites of n-butanol and water extracts were analyzed. By analyzing n-butanol and water extracts from Angelicae Sinensis Radix,25 compounds were detected and identified,in which 11 phthalide glycosides were firstly reported. And 19 compounds were detected and identified in rat urine,including 2 prototype constituents and 17 metabolites,and the17 metabolites were new compounds. The method can identify the main constituents and metabolites of extracts from traditional Chinese medicine accurately and rapidly,and provide evidence for interpreting effective forms and pharmacodynamics substance( prototype,metabolites,or both) of Angelicae Sinensis Radix.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Glicosídeos , Ratos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
12.
Ther Clin Risk Manag ; 15: 1053-1060, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695394

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for poor outcome in patients who underwent multi-segmental anterior surgery, and analyze postoperative complications. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 158 patients after anterior surgery due to multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (m-CSM) between June 2008 and June 2016. Adjusted ORs and 95% CIs were determined by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Cutoff values and the area under the curve for continuous risk factors were calculated through receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. The chi-squared test was performed for the comparison of complications among the three surgical groups. Results: By analyzing 105 patients with good outcome and 53 patients with poor outcome, we established that the risk factors for poor outcome were advanced age (OR =1.12, P=0.003), longer duration of symptoms (OR =1.07, P=0.028), and bigger kyphotic angle at final follow-up (OR =1.29, P< 0.001). The optimal cutoff values for age, duration of symptoms, and kyphotic angle at final follow-up were 63.1 years, 15.5 months, and 5.3 angle. Postoperative complications occurred in 21 patients (13.3%). The incidence of dysphagia and cerebrospinal fluid leakage were higher in multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (m-ACDF) group than in other groups (P< 0.05). Conclusion: Advanced age, longer duration of symptoms, and bigger kyphotic angle at final follow-up were the risk factors for poor postoperative outcome in patients with m-CSM. The complications after hybrid approach and m-ACDF approach were less than after anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion approach.

13.
PLoS One ; 14(11): e0224926, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697795

RESUMO

Euglena, a new superfood on the market, is a nutrient-rich, green single-celled microorganism that features the characteristics of both plant and animal. When cultivated under different conditions, Euglena produces different bioactive nutrients. Interestingly, Euglena is the only known microorganism whose chloroplasts are easy to lose under stress and become permanently bleached. We applied gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to determine the metabolomes of wild-type (WT) Euglena gracilis and its bleached mutant OflB2 under light stimulation. We found a significant metabolic difference between WT and OflB2 cells in response to light. An increase of membrane components (phospholipids and acylamides) was observed in WT, while a decrease of some stimulant metabolites was detected in OflB2. These metabolomic changes after light stimulation are of great significance to the development of Euglena chloroplasts and their communications with the nucleus.

14.
Nat Genet ; 51(11): 1574-1579, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676865

RESUMO

Venous thromboembolism is a significant cause of mortality1, yet its genetic determinants are incompletely defined. We performed a discovery genome-wide association study in the Million Veteran Program and UK Biobank, with testing of approximately 13 million DNA sequence variants for association with venous thromboembolism (26,066 cases and 624,053 controls) and meta-analyzed both studies, followed by independent replication with up to 17,672 venous thromboembolism cases and 167,295 controls. We identified 22 previously unknown loci, bringing the total number of venous thromboembolism-associated loci to 33, and subsequently fine-mapped these associations. We developed a genome-wide polygenic risk score for venous thromboembolism that identifies 5% of the population at an equivalent incident venous thromboembolism risk to carriers of the established factor V Leiden p.R506Q and prothrombin G20210A mutations. Our data provide mechanistic insights into the genetic epidemiology of venous thromboembolism and suggest a greater overlap among venous and arterial cardiovascular disease than previously thought.


Assuntos
Loci Gênicos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio/metabolismo , Doenças Vasculares/genética , Tromboembolia Venosa/genética , Idoso , Animais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio/genética , Fatores de Risco , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Doenças Vasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Vasculares/patologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/patologia
15.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 15: 2417-2424, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692526

RESUMO

Objective: In this study, the neuroprotective mechanism of 2-arachidonoylglycerol 2-AG against non-caspase-dependent apoptosis in mice hippocampal neurons following MCAO was investigated. Method: One hundred and fifty healthy clean male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 3 groups: sham group, model group and 2-AG treatment group, 50 mice in each group. A modified Zea Longa method was used to establish a model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in mice. The apoptosis rate and mitochondrial membrane potential of hippocampal nerve cells were measured by flow cytometry. The mRNA expressions of AIF, Endo G and BNIP3 in hippocampal tissues were determined by qPCR. Western blot was used to determine the protein expressions of AIF, Endo G and BNIP3 in the mitochondria of hippocampal tissue. Results: The apoptosis rate of hippocampal neurons in the group treated with 2-AG was significantly lower than that of the model (P<0.01), which indicated that 2-AG could inhibit the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons induced by MCAO. However, the mitochondrial membrane potential of hippocampal neurons in the group treated with 2-AG was significantly higher than that of the model (P<0.01), indicating that 2-AG could improve the mitochondrial membrane potential of hippocampal neurons in MCAO mice. Real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) showed that 2-AG could inhibit the gene expressions of AIF, Endo G and BNIP3 in hippocampal tissues. Western blot results showed that 2-AG could inhibit the secretions of AIF, Endo G and BNIP3 into cytoplasm in mitochondria. Conclusion: Endocannabinoids 2-AG had a protective effect on neurons injury, and the mechanism was possibly associated with the protection of the brain nerve cells in the hippocampus and the integrity of the mitochondrial function. Endocannabinoids 2-AG may inhibit the non-caspase-dependent apoptosis pathway, so as to exert its nerve protective effect.

16.
Neurochem Int ; 131: 104562, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580911

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown the 5-HT6 receptors are expressed in regions which are important in pain processing such as the cortex, amygdala, thalamus, PAG, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (DRG), suggesting a putative role of 5-HT6 receptors in pain modulation. The ventrolateral orbital cortex (VLO) is part of an endogenous analgesic system, consisting of the spinal cord - thalamic nucleus submedius (Sm) - VLO - periaqueductal gray (PAG) - spinal cord loop. The present study assessed the possible role of 5-HT6 receptors in the VLO in formalin-induced inflammatory pain model. Firstly we found that microinjection of selective 5-HT6 receptor agonists EMD-386088 (5 µg in 0.5 µl) and WAY-208466 (8 µg in 0.5 µl) both augmented 5% formalin-induced nociceptive behavior. Microinjection of selective 5-HT6 receptor antagonist SB-258585 (1,2 and 4 µg in 0.5 µl) significantly reduced formalin-induced flinching. Besides, the pronociceptive effects of EMD-386088 and WAY-208466 were dramatically reduced by SB-258585, implicating 5-HT6 receptor mechanisms in mediating these responses. In addition, the pronociceptive effect of EMD-386088 was also prevented by the adenylate cyclase (AC) inhibitor SQ-22536 (2 nmol in 0.5 µl) and the protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor H89 (10 nmol in 0.5 µl), respectively. We further confirmed the above results with quantification of spinal c-fos expression. Taken together, our results suggested that 5-HT6 receptors play a pronociceptive role in the VLO in the rat formalin test due to its activation of AC - PKA pathway. Therefore, cerebral cortical 5-HT6 receptors could be a new target to develop analgesic drugs.

17.
Life Sci ; 237: 116947, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605708

RESUMO

AIMS: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the leading causes of opportunistic and hospital-acquired infections worldwide, which is frequently linked with clinical treatment difficulties. Ibuprofen, a widely used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, has been previously reported to exert antimicrobial activity with the specific mechanism. We hypothesized that inhibition of P. aeruginosa with ibuprofen is involved in the quorum sensing (QS) systems. MAIN METHODS: CFU was utilized to assessed the growth condition of P. aeruginosa. Crystal violent staining and acridine orange staining was used to evaluate the biofilm formation and adherence activity. The detection of QS virulence factors such as pyocyanin, elastase, protease, and rhamnolipids were applied to investigation the anti-QS activity of ibuprofen against P. aeruginosa. The production of 3-oxo-C12-HSL and C4-HSL was confirmed by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis. qRT-PCR was used to identify the QS-related gene expression. Furthermore, we explored the binding effects between ibuprofen and QS-associated proteins with molecular docking. KEY FINDINGS: Ibuprofen inhibits P. aeruginosa biofilm formation and adherence activity. And the inhibitory effects of ibuprofen on C4-HSL levels were concentration-dependent (p < 0.05), while it has no effect on 3-oxo-C12-HSL. Moreover, ibuprofen attenuates the production of virulence factors in P. aeruginosa (p < 0.05). In addition, the genes of QS system were decreased after the ibuprofen treatment (p < 0.05). Of note, ibuprofen was binding with LuxR, LasR, LasI, and RhlR at high binding scores. SIGNIFICANCE: The antibiofilm and anti-QS activity of ibuprofen suggest that it can be a candidate drug for the treatment of clinical infections with P. aeruginosa.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ibuprofeno/farmacologia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genética , Percepção de Quorum/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Virulência/genética , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Infecções por Pseudomonas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Pseudomonas/microbiologia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/crescimento & desenvolvimento
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17505, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626106

RESUMO

The purpose of the study was to identify risk factors of cage subsidence and evaluate surgical outcome by at least 12 months postoperative follow-up.We retrospectively investigated 113 consecutive patients who underwent anterior surgery to relieve spine cord compression resulted from localized heterotopic ossification, from July, 2011 to February, 2016. We divided the patients into 2 groups: cage subsidence <2 mm group and ≥2 mm group. According to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the severity of increased signal intensity (ISI) was classified into grade 0, 1, and 2. Clinical outcome was assessed by the Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scoring system. Logistic regression analysis and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve were utilized for predicting risk factors of cage subsidence, and the recovery rate was evaluated by Kruskal-Wallis test or Mann-Whitney U test.Logistic regression with cage subsidence as the dependent variable showed independent risks associated with a cervical sagittal malalignment (odds ratio [OR] 11.23, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.595-35.064, P < .001), thoracic 1 (T1) slope angle (OR 1.59, 95% CI 1.259-1.945, P < .001), and excisional thickness (OR 2.38, 95% CI 1.163-4.888.0, P = .018). The cut-off values of T1 slope and excisional thickness were 19.65 angle and 3.7 mm, respectively. Patients with high occupying ratio (P = .001) and high ISI grade (P = .012) are more likely to occur lower recovery rate.Patients with high T1 slope angle or preoperative kyphotic deformity should avoid excessive removal of endplate and vertebral body so as to reduce the occurrence of cage subsidence. Poor outcome was closely related to cervical sagittal malalignment and higher ISI grade.


Assuntos
Discotomia/efeitos adversos , Ossificação Heterotópica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Compressão da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Discotomia/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Cifose/fisiopatologia , Cifose/cirurgia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Ossificação Heterotópica/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Equilíbrio Postural , Estudos Retrospectivos , Caixa Torácica/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Compressão da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Biomolecules ; 9(9)2019 09 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514306

RESUMO

In the last couple of decades, there has been a growing optimism surrounding the potential transformative use of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and human-induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) for regenerative medicine and disease treatment. In order for this to occur, it is first essential to understand the mechanisms underpinning their cell-fate specification, which includes cell signaling via gap junctional intercellular communication. Here, we investigated the role of the prototypical gap junction protein, connexin43 (Cx43), in governing the differentiation of iPSCs into MSCs and MSC differentiation along the adipogenic lineage. We found that control iPSCs, as well as iPSCs derived from oculodentodigital dysplasia patient fibroblasts harboring a GJA1 (Cx43) gene mutation, successfully and efficiently differentiated into LipidTox and perilipin-positive cells, indicating cell differentiation along the adipogenic lineage. Furthermore, the complete CRISPR-Cas9 ablation of Cx43 from iPSCs did not prevent their differentiation into bona fide MSCs or pre-adipocytes, strongly suggesting that even though Cx43 expression is upregulated during adipogenesis, it is expendable. Interestingly, late passage Cx43-ablated MSCs senesced more quickly than control cells, resulting in failure to properly differentiate in vitro. We conclude that despite being upregulated during adipogenesis, Cx43 plays no detectable role in the early stages of human iPSC-derived MSC adipogenic differentiation. However, Cx43 may play a more impactful role in protecting MSCs from premature senescence.

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