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1.
Genome Biol ; 22(1): 37, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33487172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is currently no method to precisely measure the errors that occur in the sequencing instrument/sequencer, which is critical for next-generation sequencing applications aimed at discovering the genetic makeup of heterogeneous cellular populations. RESULTS: We propose a novel computational method, SequencErr, to address this challenge by measuring the base correspondence between overlapping regions in forward and reverse reads. An analysis of 3777 public datasets from 75 research institutions in 18 countries revealed the sequencer error rate to be ~ 10 per million (pm) and 1.4% of sequencers and 2.7% of flow cells have error rates > 100 pm. At the flow cell level, error rates are elevated in the bottom surfaces and > 90% of HiSeq and NovaSeq flow cells have at least one outlier error-prone tile. By sequencing a common DNA library on different sequencers, we demonstrate that sequencers with high error rates have reduced overall sequencing accuracy, and removal of outlier error-prone tiles improves sequencing accuracy. We demonstrate that SequencErr can reveal novel insights relative to the popular quality control method FastQC and achieve a 10-fold lower error rate than popular error correction methods including Lighter and Musket. CONCLUSIONS: Our study reveals novel insights into the nature of DNA sequencing errors incurred on DNA sequencers. Our method can be used to assess, calibrate, and monitor sequencer accuracy, and to computationally suppress sequencer errors in existing datasets.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33491083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few data on recurrent bacterial meningitis (RBM) in children are available. Here, we estimated the frequency of RBM in children and investigated the predisposing conditions, etiology, and clinical characteristics of RBM in children. METHODS: Cases of RBM in the Beijing Children's Hospital medical record database between January 2006 and December 2019 were collected. RESULTS: In total, 1905 children with bacterial meningitis (BM) were documented in the Beijing Children's Hospital medical record database. A total of 43 patients had RBM. The rate of RBM in children was 2.3% (43/1905). Forty (93.0%) patients had predisposing conditions, including 15 (34.9%) cases of inner ear malformations, 5 (11.6%) cases of dermal sinus tracts, 9 (20.9%) cases of head injury, 5 (11.6%) cases of congenital cranial meningocele, 3 (7.0%) cases of congenital skull base defects, 3 (7.0%) cases of immunodeficiency, and other 3 (7.0%) cases of unknown reason. Among all the 121 BM episodes, a total of 64 episodes were etiologically confirmed BM and the other 57 episodes were probable BM. Streptococcus pneumoniae (n = 52) was accounted for 81.3% of confirmed BM episodes. Thirty-four of the 37 patients with congenital or acquired anatomical defects were available to follow up after surgeries, and all of them had no BM after surgeries. Three patients with antibody deficiencies got intravenous immunoglobulin therapy and they did not suffer BM anymore. CONCLUSIONS: RBM is rare in children. The majority of children with RBM had predisposing conditions including congenital/acquired anatomical defects and immunodeficiency. Interventions should be implemented to solve the underlying conditions to avoid RBM.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471230

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To provide a comprehensive analysis of mtDNA quantity in D5 and D6 blastocysts, as well as a further insight to the origin of delayed blastocyst development. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis of 829 D5 and 472 D6 blastocysts from 460 patients who underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF) with next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A). The quantity of trophectoderm mtDNA was extrapolated from the NGS data, followed by the analysis of mean mtDNA levels between D5 and D6 blastocysts of the same ploidy (aneuploid/euploid) and transfer outcomes (positive/negative clinical pregnancy). RESULTS: D5 blastocysts had significantly higher euploidy rate and clinical pregnancy rate when compared with D6 blastocysts. The proportion of blastocysts derived from patients ≧ 40 years old were similar between the D5 and D6 cohorts. When blastocysts with identical ploidy were analyzed, the D5 cohorts all had significantly higher mean mtDNA levels than their D6 counterparts. Similarly, when embryo transfers with identical outcome were analyzed, the D5 cohorts also had significantly higher mean mtDNA levels than the D6 cohorts. Trophectoderm mtDNA level was independent of maternal age and blastocyst morphology grades. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provided further evidence D5 blastocysts contained significantly greater mtDNA quantity than D6 blastocysts, and mtDNA quantity could be a key factor that affects the development rate of blastocysts. Furthermore, one must avoid using an arbitrary threshold when incorporating mtDNA quantity into the embryo selection criteria, as the observed value may have vastly different clinical implication when blastulation rate is also considered.

4.
Org Lett ; 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33475367

RESUMO

A ruthenium-catalyzed highly chemoselective N-alkylation of 2-pyridones has been developed, affording N-alkylated 2-pyridone derivatives in good yields and excellent N-selectivity. The key to achieve this unprecedented N-H rather than O-H insertion reaction is the use of CpRu(PPh3)2Cl as the catalyst and sulfoxonium ylides as the alkylation reagents. Moreover, this protocol is also amenable to 7-azaindoles by slightly varying the reaction conditions. Furthermore, sulfonium ylides are also suitable alkylation reagents, providing the N-alkylated 2-pyridones in good selectivity.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33386859

RESUMO

Pyrethroid and indoxacarb are commonly used pesticides to control the fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) in the crops. There are a series of consequences caused by the use of pyrethroid and indoxacarb pesticides under emergency control, such as pest resistance development, contamination of soil, water, and farm products. This study analyzed the structure and physiological function of the sodium channel in S. frugiperda, which is an important step to elaborate the resistance mechanism of S. frugiperda to indoxacarb and pyrethroid pesticides. According to genetic analysis, the cloned cDNA sequences of sodium channel in S. frugiperda (SfNav) showed the shortest genetic distance with that of the sodium channel in Helicoverpa armigera. Under the induction of three pesticides, the expression of SfNav decreased in the first 12 h and then increased after 24 h. It was concluded that SfNav had a typical structure of the sodium channel of insects and its down-regulated expression can decrease the combination of S. frugiperda with pyrethroid and indoxacarb pesticides. The up-regulated expression of SfNav was conducive to the enhancement of the pesticide resistance.

6.
Cancer Cell ; 39(1): 83-95.e4, 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434514

RESUMO

GenomePaint (https://genomepaint.stjude.cloud/) is an interactive visualization platform for whole-genome, whole-exome, transcriptome, and epigenomic data of tumor samples. Its design captures the inter-relatedness between DNA variations and RNA expression, supporting in-depth exploration of both individual cancer genomes and full cohorts. Regulatory non-coding variants can be inspected and analyzed along with coding variants, and their functional impact further explored by examining 3D genome data from cancer cell lines. Further, GenomePaint correlates mutation and expression patterns with patient outcomes, and supports custom data upload. We used GenomePaint to unveil aberrant splicing that disrupts the RING domain of CREBBP, discover cis activation of the MYC oncogene by duplication of the NOTCH1-MYC enhancer in B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and explore the inter- and intra-tumor heterogeneity at EGFR in adult glioblastomas. These examples demonstrate that deep multi-omics exploration of individual cancer genomes enabled by GenomePaint can lead to biological insights for follow-up validation.

7.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 120(1 Pt 2): 346-353, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32499206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Intentional replantation was a conventional treatment option in surgical endodontics but usually be seen as a last resort. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term treatment outcome of intentional replantation in Taiwanese population, including the survival rates and the related prognostic factors. METHODS: Subjects included 215 teeth from 199 patients who had received intentional replantation in a Taiwan medical center. Patients at age under 20 years and those follow-up periods less than 6 months were excluded. The replanted teeth were followed up for a period of 6 months-120 months. Post-treatment assessments, including tooth survival and functional status, were evaluated using both clinical and radiographic examinations. RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed the overall tooth survival rate at 4 years was 82.8%. In bivariate analysis, both root-end filling material and enamel matrix derivative (EMD) applications were found to be significant (P < 0.05). The multivariate analysis revealed that age and the presence of a sinus tract or abscess might be the predictors of treatment outcome in intentional replantation. CONCLUSION: Intentional replantation, operated with improved modern technique, is a reliable and viable treatment with a high long-term survival rate (82.8%). If replanted teeth are diagnosed as acute or chronic apical abscess at the pre-operative examination, the risk of failure is measured 2.7 times higher than those diagnosed with other conditions. Application of EMD on the root surface of a replanted tooth may promote the formation and regeneration of periodontal apparatus, therefore increasing the functioning rate and improving the treatment outcome.

8.
Med Image Anal ; 68: 101910, 2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285483

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease, named COVID-19, has become the largest global public health crisis since it started in early 2020. CT imaging has been used as a complementary tool to assist early screening, especially for the rapid identification of COVID-19 cases from community acquired pneumonia (CAP) cases. The main challenge in early screening is how to model the confusing cases in the COVID-19 and CAP groups, with very similar clinical manifestations and imaging features. To tackle this challenge, we propose an Uncertainty Vertex-weighted Hypergraph Learning (UVHL) method to identify COVID-19 from CAP using CT images. In particular, multiple types of features (including regional features and radiomics features) are first extracted from CT image for each case. Then, the relationship among different cases is formulated by a hypergraph structure, with each case represented as a vertex in the hypergraph. The uncertainty of each vertex is further computed with an uncertainty score measurement and used as a weight in the hypergraph. Finally, a learning process of the vertex-weighted hypergraph is used to predict whether a new testing case belongs to COVID-19 or not. Experiments on a large multi-center pneumonia dataset, consisting of 2148 COVID-19 cases and 1182 CAP cases from five hospitals, are conducted to evaluate the prediction accuracy of the proposed method. Results demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of our proposed method on the identification of COVID-19 in comparison to state-of-the-art methods.

9.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; : ATVBAHA120315452, 2020 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33380171

RESUMO

Innate immune cells can develop exacerbated immunologic response and long-term inflammatory phenotype following brief exposure to endogenous or exogenous insults, which leads to an altered response towards a second challenge after the return to a nonactivated state. This phenomenon is known as trained immunity (TI). TI is not only important for host defense and vaccine response but also for chronic inflammations such as cardiovascular and metabolic diseases such as atherosclerosis. TI can occur in innate immune cells such as monocytes/macrophages, natural killer cells, endothelial cells (ECs), and nonimmune cells, such as fibroblast. In this brief review, we analyze the significance of TI in ECs, which are also considered as innate immune cells in addition to macrophages. TI can be induced by a variety of stimuli, including lipopolysaccharides, bacillus Calmette-Guerin, and oxLDL (oxidized low-density lipoprotein), which are defined as risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Furthermore, TI in ECs is functional for inflammation effectiveness and transition to chronic inflammation. Rewiring of cellular metabolism of the trained cells takes place during induction of TI, including increased glycolysis, glutaminolysis, increased accumulation of tricarboxylic acid cycle metabolites and acetyl-coenzyme A production, as well as increased mevalonate synthesis. Subsequently, this leads to epigenetic remodeling, resulting in important changes in chromatin architecture that enables increased gene transcription and enhanced proinflammatory immune response. However, TI pathways and inflammatory pathways are separated to ensure memory stays when inflammation undergoes resolution. Additionally, reactive oxygen species play context-dependent roles in TI. Therefore, TI plays significant roles in EC and macrophage pathology and chronic inflammation. However, further characterization of TI in ECs and macrophages would provide novel insights into cardiovascular disease pathogenesis and new therapeutic targets.

10.
J Plast Surg Hand Surg ; : 1-6, 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33315515

RESUMO

Reconstruction of a full-thickness lower eyelid defect is challenging. We aim to use palmaris longus tendon to improve clinical outcomes in eyelid reconstruction. We generated a novel "three-layer structure" tissue by combination of palmaris longus tendon with superiorly-based nasolabial skin flap and palatal mucosal graft and applied in eyelid reconstruction surgery in 34 patients with significant full-thickness lower eyelid defects. The satisfaction scores were assessed in each patient to evaluate their cosmetic and functional outcomes in follow-up visits. The mean follow-up period was 15 months (range, 6-24 months). Satisfactory results were obtained in 100% patients. No patients reported deformities, obvious scars at the donor sites, or abnormalities of hand function on the surgical side. Our results demonstrated that the three-layer structure incorporating palmaris longus tendon for the reconstruction of giant full-thickness defects in lower eyelid is an effective procedure with satisfactory long-term results.

11.
Chin J Traumatol ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33323319

RESUMO

Iatrogenic femoral artery pseudoaneurysm (IFAP) caused by invasive procedures is one of the common complications for endovascular interventions. We present a case of a young male patient with a complex IFAP as a result of iatrogenic femoral artery puncture. The defective femoral artery was repaired with combined bovine pericardial tube and autologous great saphenous vein grafts. Computed tomography angiography showed the grafts were still patent one year after the surgery.

12.
Sens Actuators B Chem ; : 129196, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230369

RESUMO

The accurate and rapid screening of serum antibodies against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the key to control the spread of 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19). In this study, we reported a surface-enhanced Raman scattering-based lateral flow immunoassay (SERS-LFIA) for the simultaneous detection of anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM/IgG with high sensitivity. Novel SERS tags labeled with dual layers of Raman dye were fabricated by coating a complete Ag shell on SiO2 core (SiO2@Ag) and exhibited excellent SERS signals, good monodispersity, and high stability. Anti-human IgM and IgG were immobilized onto the two test lines of the strip to capture the formed SiO2@Ag-spike (S) protein-anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM/IgG immunocomplexes. The SERS signal intensities of the IgM and IgG test zones were easily recorded by a portable Raman instrument and used for the high-sensitivity analysis of target IgM and IgG. The limit of detection of SERS-LFIA was 800 times higher than that of standard Au nanoparticle-based LFIA for target IgM and IgG. The SERS-LFIA biosensor was tested on 19 positive serum samples from COVID-19 patients and 49 negative serum samples from healthy people to demonstrate the clinical feasibility of our proposed assay. The results revealed that the proposed method exhibited high accuracy and specificity for patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection.

13.
Front Immunol ; 11: 554301, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33193322

RESUMO

The mechanisms that underlie various inflammation paradoxes, metabolically healthy obesity, and increased inflammations after inflammatory cytokine blockades and deficiencies remain poorly determined. We performed an extensive -omics database mining, determined the expressions of 1367 innate immune regulators in 18 microarrays after deficiencies of 15 proinflammatory cytokines/regulators and eight microarray datasets of patients receiving Mab therapies, and made a set of significant findings: 1) proinflammatory cytokines/regulators suppress the expressions of innate immune regulators; 2) upregulations of innate immune regulators in the deficiencies of IFNγ/IFNγR1, IL-17A, STAT3 and miR155 are more than that after deficiencies of TNFα, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-18, STAT1, NF-kB, and miR221; 3) IFNγ, IFNγR and IL-17RA inhibit 10, 59 and 39 proinflammatory cytokine/regulator pathways, respectively; in contrast, TNFα, IL-6 and IL-18 each inhibits only four to five pathways; 4) The IFNγ-promoted and -suppressed innate immune regulators have four shared pathways; the IFNγR1-promoted and -suppressed innate immune regulators have 11 shared pathways; and the miR155-promoted and -suppressed innate immune regulators have 13 shared pathways, suggesting negative-feedback mechanisms in their conserved regulatory pathways for innate immune regulators; 5) Deficiencies of proinflammatory cytokine/regulator-suppressed, promoted programs share signaling pathways and increase the likelihood of developing 11 diseases including cardiovascular disease; 6) There are the shared innate immune regulators and pathways between deficiency of TNFα in mice and anti-TNF therapy in clinical patients; 7) Mechanistically, up-regulated reactive oxygen species regulators such as myeloperoxidase caused by suppression of proinflammatory cytokines/regulators can drive the upregulation of suppressed innate immune regulators. Our findings have provided novel insights on various inflammation paradoxes and proinflammatory cytokines regulation of innate immune regulators; and may re-shape new therapeutic strategies for cardiovascular disease and other inflammatory diseases.

14.
Sci Total Environ ; : 142976, 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33139007

RESUMO

The massive amounts of phosphorus (P) entering into rivers and reservoirs may induce eutrophication. However, the link between the transport and transformation of soil P and the dynamics of P availability in reservoir regions are not well demonstrated. The present study selected the Pengxi River suffering the anti-seasonal water level fluctuation of the Three Gorgers Reservoir as the study area. Soil nutrients along the longitudinal and lateral gradients of the Pengxi River were investigated to illustrate the spatial distribution patterns, analyzed by the Hedley extraction schemes. The effects of biotic and abiotic factors on soil P transformation and the dynamics of bioavailable P were evaluated via determinations of enzymatic hydrolysis phosphorus (EHP) with and without ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. The results indicated that soil nutrients varied significantly between the water level fluctuation zone (WLFZ) and upland along the river longitudinal gradients, where the trends of the extracted OP were the same in H2O, NaHCO3 and NaOH extractions. The EHP accounted for 33.67 ± 15.87% of the total extracted OP, of which Monoester P, Phytate-like P and NHOP were determined at all extracts but Diester P was mainly found at H2O and NaOH extracts. UV irradiation significantly increased P bioavailability up to 24.44%. These results could demonstrate the mechanism of soil P transformation via UV irradiation and enzymatic hydrolysis. Therefore, the bioavailable P enters the water body during the submergence period may lead to eutrophication in the Pengxi River, which could pose a risk to the reservoir ecosystem.

15.
Org Lett ; 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33231471

RESUMO

The unprecedented dearomative migratory rearrangement reactions of 2-oxypyridines with N-sulfonyl-1,2,3-triazoles have been developed under rhodium catalysis, providing a reliable and efficient protocol for accessing N-substituted 2-pyridones. These two distinct rearrangements feature the controllable 1,4-migration of a carbonate group from O-to-C as well as the O-to-N 1,6-migration of an acyl group via α-imino rhodium carbene transfer. Moreover, the reaction of pyridotriazoles with 2-oxypyridines delivers the 1,4-migration products in high efficiency.

16.
Front Immunol ; 11: 595813, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33154757

RESUMO

Interleukin (IL) 35 is a novel immunosuppressive heterodimeric cytokine in IL-12 family. Whether and how IL-35 regulates ischemia-induced angiogenesis in peripheral artery diseases are unrevealed. To fill this important knowledge gap, we used loss-of-function, gain-of-function, omics data analysis, RNA-Seq, in vivo and in vitro experiments, and we have made the following significant findings: i) IL-35 and its receptor subunit IL-12RB2, but not IL-6ST, are induced in the muscle after hindlimb ischemia (HLI); ii) HLI-induced angiogenesis is improved in Il12rb2-/- mice, in ApoE-/-/Il12rb2-/- mice compared to WT and ApoE-/- controls, respectively, where hyperlipidemia inhibits angiogenesis in vivo and in vitro; iii) IL-35 cytokine injection as a gain-of-function approach delays blood perfusion recovery at day 14 after HLI; iv) IL-35 spares regenerative angiogenesis at the late phase of HLI recovery after day 14 of HLI; v) Transcriptome analysis of endothelial cells (ECs) at 14 days post-HLI reveals a disturbed extracellular matrix re-organization in IL-35-injected mice; vi) IL-35 downregulates three reactive oxygen species (ROS) promoters and upregulates one ROS attenuator, which may functionally mediate IL-35 upregulation of anti-angiogenic extracellular matrix proteins in ECs; and vii) IL-35 inhibits human microvascular EC migration and tube formation in vitro mainly through upregulating anti-angiogenic extracellular matrix-remodeling proteins. These findings provide a novel insight on the future therapeutic potential of IL-35 in suppressing ischemia/inflammation-triggered inflammatory angiogenesis at early phase but sparing regenerative angiogenesis at late phase.

17.
Pharmacol Ther ; : 107715, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141028

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a novel class of endogenous non-coding RNAs characterized by a covalently closed-loop structure generated through a special type of alternative splicing termed back-splicing. Currently, an increasing body of evidence has demonstrated that 1) majority of circRNAs are evolutionarily conserved across species, stable, and resistant to RNase R degradation, and often exhibit cell-specific, and tissue-specific/developmental-stage-specific expression and can be largely independent of the expression levels of the linear host gene-encoded linear RNAs; 2) the biogenesis of circRNAs via back-splicing is different from the canonical splicing of linear RNAs; 3) circRNA biogenesis is regulated by specific cis-acting elements and trans-acting factors; 4) circRNAs regulate biological and pathological processes by sponging miRNAs, binding to RNA-binding protein (RBP), regulators of splicing and transcription, modifiers of parental gene expression, and regulators of protein translation or being translated into peptides in various diseases; 5) circRNAs have been identified for their enrichment and stability in exosomes and detected in body fluids such as human blood, saliva, and cerebrospinal fluids, suggesting that these exo-circRNAs have potential applications as disease biomarkers and novel therapeutic targets; 6) several circRNAs are regulated by oxidative stress and mediate reactive oxygen species (ROS) production as well as promote ROS-induced cellular death, cell apoptosis, and inflammation; 7) circRNAs have also emerged as important regulators in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, metabolic disease, and cancers; 8) the potential mechanisms of several circRNAs have been described in diseases, hinting at their potential applications as novel therapeutic targets. In this highlight, we summarized the current understandings of the biogenesis and functions of circRNAs and their roles in ROS regulation and vascular inflammation-associated with cardiovascular and metabolic disease. (Word count: 272).

18.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(11): 5143-5150, 2020 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124258

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) contamination in the agricultural soils of China is a serious and growing environmental problem that urgently needs to be controlled and completely remediated. The biogeochemical cycles of nitrogen (N), sulfur (S), and iron (Fe), and the coupled cycles of Fe-N and Fe-S have been reported to control Cd transportation in the soil-rice system. Exploring practical remediation strategies for Cd from the perspective of the application of nutrients such as N, S, and Fe for rice growth is expected to obtain farm-specific and state-of-the-art technologies and products to reduce the accumulation of Cd in rice grains. Using our earlier study as a basis, the rhizosphere bag-pot experiment with ferrous sulfate (FeSO4) and ferric nitrate[Fe(NO3)3] treatments was conducted to investigate Cd bioavailability in rhizosphere soil and Cd translocation in rice plants, and to highlight some possible factors and mechanisms controlling Cd accumulation in rice grains. The results showed that both FeSO4 and Fe(NO3)3 treatments reduced the bioavailable Cd (NH4Ac-Cd) content in rhizosphere soil, with the decreasing extent being significantly lower in the former (55.6%) than in the latter (76.0%). Both FeSO4 and Fe(NO3)3 treatments changed the distribution characteristics of Cd in rice tissues, and the FeSO4 treatment increased the Cd content in brown rice (0.6 mg·kg-1), but the Fe(NO3)3 treatment decreased the Cd content in brown rice (0.1 mg·kg-1). Adsorption or co-precipitation of Cd by iron plaque, increased accumulations of Cd in root, stem, and leaf, and enhanced translocations of Cd from root, stem, and nodule to brown rice occurred with the increased Cd content in brown rice of the FeSO4 treatment. However, the decreased Cd content in brown rice with the Fe(NO3)3 treatment was ascribed to adsorption or co-precipitation of Cd by poorly crystalline Fe oxides and solid Fe sulfides, decreased accumulations of Cd in stem and nodule, and weakened translocations of Cd from root, leaf, and nodule to brown rice. These findings provide a scientific basis for the exploration and application of nutritive soil amendment, and will have significance in regards to the remediation of Cd-contaminated agricultural soils in China.


Assuntos
Oryza , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , China , Compostos Férricos , Compostos Ferrosos , Nitratos , Rizosfera , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
19.
Elife ; 92020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001025

RESUMO

Aberrant HOXA9 expression is a hallmark of most aggressive acute leukemias, notably those with KMT2A (MLL) gene rearrangements. HOXA9 overexpression not only predicts poor diagnosis and outcome but also plays a critical role in leukemia transformation and maintenance. However, our current understanding of HOXA9 regulation in leukemia is limited, hindering development of therapeutic strategies. Here, we generated the HOXA9-mCherry knock-in reporter cell lines to dissect HOXA9 regulation. By utilizing the reporter and CRISPR/Cas9 screens, we identified transcription factors controlling HOXA9 expression, including a novel regulator, USF2, whose depletion significantly down-regulated HOXA9 expression and impaired MLLr leukemia cell proliferation. Ectopic expression of Hoxa9 rescued impaired leukemia cell proliferation upon USF2 loss. Cut and Run analysis revealed the direct occupancy of USF2 at HOXA9 promoter in MLLr leukemia cells. Collectively, the HOXA9 reporter facilitated the functional interrogation of the HOXA9 regulome and has advanced our understanding of the molecular regulation network in HOXA9-driven leukemia.

20.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33098675

RESUMO

Escherichia coli is a symbiotic bacterium in humans and animals and an important pathogen of humans and animals. Prevention and suppression of E. coli infection is of great concern. In this study, we isolated a strain of L. agilis 32 from pig manure and evaluated its biological characteristics, and found that its bacterial survival rate was 25% after 4 hours of treatment at pH 2, and under the condition of 0.5% bile concentration, its survival rate exceeds 30%. In addition, L. agilis 32 has a cell surface hydrophobicity of 77.8%, and exhibits 67.1% auto-aggregation and 63.2% aggregation with Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli 10 (ETEC 10). FITC fluorescence labeling showed that the fluorescence intensity of cecum was significantly higher than that of duodenum, jejunum or colon (P < 0.05), but no significant difference from ileum. L. agilis 32 bacterial culture and CFS showed average inhibition zone diameters of 14.2 mm and 15.4 mm, respectively. L. agilis 32 CFS treatment can significantly reduce the pathogenicity of ETEC 10. These results show that L. agilis 32 is an active and potential probiotic, and it has a good antibacterial effect on ETEC10, which provides basic research for probiotics to prevent and treat intestinal diarrhea pathogen infection.

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