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1.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(44): 50024-50032, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33086781

RESUMO

Nature has inspired the design of next-generation lightweight architectured structural materials, for example, nacre-bearing extreme impact and paw-pad absorbing energy. Here, a bioinspired functional gradient structure, consisting of an impact-resistant hard layer and an energy-absorbing ductile layer, is applied to additively manufacture ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE). Its crystalline graded and directionally solidified structure enables superior impact resistance. In addition, we demonstrate nonequilibrium processing, ultrahigh strain rate pulsed laser shock wave peening, which could trigger surface hardening for enhanced crystallinity and polymer phase transformation. Moreover, we demonstrate the paw-pad-inspired soft- and hard-fiber-reinforced composite structure to absorb the impact energy. The bioinspired design and nonequilibrium processing of graded UHMWPE shed light on lightweight engineering polymer materials for impact-resistant and threat-protection applications.

2.
Nanotechnology ; 31(46): 465606, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877374

RESUMO

Magnetic ferrite materials have been extensively studied for a range of technological applications, such as magnetic motors, recording media, and millimetre-wave devices. In this context, the nanosized epsilon phase of Fe2O3 (ϵ-Fe2O3) attracts significant attention due to its high coercive field at room temperature. Here, we report the in-situ aerogel nanoreactor growth of magnetic ϵ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles, exhibiting a coercive field (Hc) of 4000 Oe. We show that the control of nanoreactor plays an important role in the growth of ϵ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles. The findings provide a versatile reaction pathway for the growth of magnetically hard ferrite nanoparticles.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(48): 6555-6558, 2020 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396159

RESUMO

Magnetically hard nanoparticles have been widely explored in colloidal solution synthesis, while a high temperature-induced phase transformation is indispensable to achieve its high magnetocrystalline anisotropy. However, a long-standing challenge of magnetic nanoparticles is the inaccessibility of size-controlled growth without sintering-induced agglomeration. Here, we report a universal one-pot eutectic reaction scheme of magnetically hard FePd nanoparticles, in which the crystallization conditions are critical for its magnetic performance. We demonstrate that the stoichiometry between transition metal and eutectic salt and sintering temperature can play an important role in the magnetic coercivity of FePd nanoparticles. In addition, gallium liquid metal is employed as the conductivity filler for the formation of a magnetorheological fluid after mixing with metallic FePd nanoparticles. The liquid composite shows a high metallic and thermal conductivity as an unconventional cooling metallic ferrofluid conductor, and we further demonstrate its potential application in sensors, conductors and thermal interfaces.

4.
Nano Lett ; 20(5): 3828-3835, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267711

RESUMO

To exploit the high-temperature superinsulation potential of anisotropic thermal management materials, the incorporation of ceramic aerogel into the aligned structural networks is indispensable. However, the long-standing obstacle to exploring ultralight superinsulation ceramic aerogels is the inaccessibility of its mechanical elasticity, stability, and anisotropic thermal insulation. In this study, we report a recoverable, flexible ceramic fiber-aerogel composite with anisotropic lamellar structure, where the interfacial cross-linking between ceramic fiber and aerogel is important in its superinsulation performance. The resulting ultralight aerogel composite exhibits a density of 0.05 g/cm3, large strain recovery (over 50%), and low thermal conductivity (0.0224 W m-1 K-1), while its hydrophobicity is achieved by in situ trichlorosilane coating with the water contact angle of 135°. The hygroscopic tests of such aerogel composites demonstrate a reversible thermal insulation. The mechanical elasticity and stability of the anisotropic composites, with its soundproof performance, shed light on the low-cost superelastic aerogel manufacturing with scalability for energy saving building applications.

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