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1.
Bioorg Chem ; 108: 104671, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550072

RESUMO

Andrastones are unusual 6,6,6,5-tetracyclic meroterpenoids that are rarely found in nature. Previously, three andrastones were obtained from the rice static fermentation extract of the deep-sea-derived fungus Penicillium allii-sativi MCCC 3A00580. Inspired by one strain many compounds (OSMAC) approach, the oat static fermentation on P. allii-sativi was conducted. As a result, 14 andrastones were isolated by UV-guided isolation. The chemical structures of the nine new compounds (1-9) was established by comprehensive analysis of the NMR, MS, ECD, and X-ray crystallography and the five known ones (10-14) were assigned by comparing their NMR, MS, and OR data with those reported in literature. Compound 1 bears a novel hemiketal moiety while 2 is the first example to possess a novel tetrahydrofuran moiety via C-7 and C-15. All isolates were tested for anti-allergic bioactivity. Compound 10, 3-deacetylcitreohybridonol, significantly decreased degranulation with the IC50 value of 14.8 µM, compared to that of 92.5 µM for the positive control, loratadine. Mechanism study indicated 10 could decrease the generation of histamine and TNF-α by reducing the accumulation of Ca2+ in RBL-2H3 cells. These findings indicate andrastones could be potential to discover new anti-allergic candidate drugs.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528347

RESUMO

Strain 11-3T was isolated from the surface seawater along the coast of Xiamen Island, China. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, short and rod-shaped, nonmotile, 0.5-1.0 µm in width and 1.0-2.0 µm in length. Growth of strain 11-3T was at temperature of 15-37°C (optimum 28-35°C), at pH of 5.0-11.0 (optimum 7.0-9.0) and at salinity range of 0-10 (optimum 0.5-1). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain 11-3T belonged to the genus Paracoccus and had the highest similarity with Paracoccus caeni MJ17T (98.1 %), followed by Paracoccus xiamenensis 12-3T (97.1 %), Paracoccus zeaxanthinifaciens ATCC 21588T (97.1 %), Paracoccus aestuarii DSM 19484T (97.0 %), Paracoccus liaowanqingii 2251T (97.0 %), Paracoccus fistulariae KCTC 22803T (97.0 %) and other species of the genus Paracoccus (95.2-96.8 %). The DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain 11-3T and the selected strains (P. caeni MJ17T, P. xiamenensis 12-3T, P. zeaxanthinifaciens ATCC 21588T, P. aestuarii DSM 19484T and P. liaowanqingii 2251T) were 19.4, 19.5, 21.6, 19.3 and 19.8 %, respectively. Corresponding, their ANI values were 77.53, 75.61, 75.36, 75.73 and 75.33 %, respectively. The major fatty acid was summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω6c/ω7c). The major respiratory quinone was Q10. The polar lipids included phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), unidentified glycolipid (GL) and unidentified aminolipid (AL). The DNA G+C content of strain 11-3T was 60.1 %. Based on results of the phylogenetic analysis, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain 11-3T represents a novel species of the genus Paracoccus, for which the name Paracoccus amoyensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 11-3T (=MCCC 1A16380T=KCTC 72689T).

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528355

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and aerobic bacterial strain, named Ery12T, was isolated from the overlying water of the Lau Basin in the Southwest Pacific Ocean. Strain Ery12T showed high 16S rRNA gene sequences similarity to Tsuneonella flava MS1-4T (99.9 %), T. mangrovi MCCC 1K03311T (98.1 %), Altererythrobacter ishigakiensis NBRC 107699T (97.3 %) and exhibited ≤97.0 % sequence similarity with other type strains of species with validly published names. Growth was observed in media with 0-10.0 % NaCl (optimum 0-1.0 %, w/v), pH 5.0-9.5 (optimum 6.0-7.0) and 10-42 °C (optimum 30-37 °C). The predominant respiratory quinone was ubiquinone 10 (Q-10). The major cellular fatty acid was summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c). The major polar lipids were sphingoglycolipid, phosphatidyglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, three unidentified glycolipids, one unidentified aminoglycolipid and one unidentified lipid. The DNA G+C content was 60.8 %. The ANI and in silico DDH values between strain Ery12T and the type strains of its closely related species were 71.0- 91.8 % and 19.5- 44.6 %, respectively. According to the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, phylogenetic and genomic data, strain Ery12T represents a novel species of the genus Tsuneonella, for which the name Tsuneonella suprasediminis is proposed. The type strain is Ery12T (=CGMCC 1.16500 T=MCCC 1A04421T=KCTC 62388T). We further propose to reclassify Altererythrobacter rhizovicinus and Altererythrobacter spongiae as Pelagerythrobacter rhizovicinus comb. nov. and Altericroceibacterium spongiae comb. nov., respectively.

4.
Curr Microbiol ; 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599831

RESUMO

Two novel Alcanivorax-related strains, designated ST75FaO-1T and 521-1, were isolated from the seawater of the South China Sea and the deep-sea sediment of the West Pacific Ocean, respectively. Both strains are Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, and non-motile, and grow at 10-40 °C, pH 5.0-10.0, in the presence of 1.0-15.0% (w/v) NaCl. Their 16S rRNA gene sequences showed 99.9% similarity. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that both strains belong to the genus Alcanivorax, and share 92.9-98.1% sequence similarity with all valid type strains of this genus, with the highest similarity being to type strain Alcanivorax venustensis DSM 13974T (98.0-98.1%). Digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity values between strains ST75FaO-1T and 521-1 were 75.7% and 97.1%, respectively, while the corresponding values with A. venustensis DSM 13974T were only 25.4-25.6% and 82.4-82.7%, respectively. The two strains contained similar major cellular fatty acids including C16:0, C18:1 ω7c/ω6c, C19:0 cyclo ω8c, C16:1 ω7c/ω6c, C12:0 3-OH, and C12:0. The genomic G + C content of strains ST75FaO-1T and 521-1 were 66.3% and 66.1%, respectively. Phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified phospholipids, and one unidentified polar lipid were present in both strains. On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics, the two strains represent a novel species within the genus Alcanivorax, for which the name Alcanivorax profundimaris sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ST75FaO-1T (= MCCC 1A17714T = KCTC 82142T).

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502307

RESUMO

Two novel Gram-strain-negative and rod-shaped bacteria, designated strain G1T and G2T, were isolated from sediment samples collected from the coast of Xiamen, PR China. The cells were motile by a single polar flagellum. Growth of strain G1T occurred at 10-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.5) and with 5-1530 mM NaCl (optimum, 510 mM), while the temperature, pH and NaCl concentration ranges for G2T were 4-45 °C (optimum, 28 °C), pH 5.5-8.0 (optimum, pH 6.5) and 85-1530 mM NaCl (optimum, 340 mM). The two isolates were obligate chemolithoautotrophs capable of using thiosulfate, sulfide, elemental sulphur or tetrathionate as an energy source. Strain G1T used molecular oxygen or nitrite as an electron acceptor, while strain G2T used molecular oxygen as the sole electron acceptor. The dominant fatty acids of G1T and G2T were summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), C16 : 0 and summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c). The DNA G+C content of G1T and G2T were 45.1 and 48.3 mol%, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain G1T and G2T were members of the genus Thiomicrorhabdus, and most closely related to Thiomicrorhabdus hydrogeniphila MAS2T (96.0 %) and Thiomicrorhabdus indica 13-15AT (95.4 %), respectively. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strains G1T and G2T was 95.8 %. Based on the phylogenetic, genomic and phenotypic data presented here, the isolate strains represent novel species of the genus Thiomicrorhabdus, for which the names Thiomicrorhabdus sediminis sp. nov. (type strain G1T=MCCC 1A14511T=KCTC 15841T) and Thiomicrorhabdus xiamenensis sp. nov. (type strain G2T=MCCC 1A14512T=KCTC 15842T) are proposed.

6.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397147

RESUMO

A novel cyclic tripeptide, sclerotiotide M (1), was isolated from the culture of a marine derived fungus Aspergillus ochraceopetaliformis DSW-2, together with four known compounds (2-5). The planar structure of 1 was established by 1 D and 2 D NMR data, supported by mass spectrometry, and the relative configuration was established by calculated NMR chemical shifts coupled with a statistical method (DP4+). All the compounds (1-5) displayed weak cytotoxic activities against cancer cell lines HPAC and BXPC3, with IC50 values over 20 µM.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33263512

RESUMO

A novel mesophilic, hydrogen- and sulfur-oxidizing bacterium, designated strain NW8NT, was collected from a sulfide chimney at the deep-sea hydrothermal vent on the Carlsberg Ridge of the Northwest Indian Ocean. The cells were Gram-stain-negative, motile, short rods with a single polar flagellum. The temperature, pH and salinity ranges for growth of strain NW8NT were 4-40 °C (optimum, 33 °C), pH 4.5-7.5 (optimum, pH 5.5) and 340-680 mM NaCl (optimum, 510 mM). The isolate was an obligate chemolithoautotroph capable of growth using hydrogen, thiosulfate, sulfide or elemental sulphur as the sole energy source, carbon dioxide as the sole carbon source and molecular oxygen as the sole electron acceptor. The major cellular fatty acids of strain NW8NT were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c), C16 : 0 and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c). The total size of its genome was 2 093 492 bp and the genomic DNA G+C content was 36.9 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and core genes showed that the novel isolate belonged to the genus Sulfurimonas and was most closely related to Sulfurimonas paralvinellae GO25T (97.4 % sequence identity). The average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNAhybridization values between strain NW8NT and S. paralvinellae GO25T was 77.8 and 21.1 %, respectively. Based on the phylogenetic, genomic and phenotypic data presented here, strain NW8NT represents a novel species of the genus Sulfurimonas, for which the name Sulfurimonas indica sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain NW8NT (=MCCC 1A13988T=KTCC 15780T).

8.
Gigascience ; 9(12)2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33319911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The scaly-foot snail (Chrysomallon squamiferum) is highly adapted to deep-sea hydrothermal vents and has drawn much interest since its discovery. However, the limited information on its genome has impeded further related research and understanding of its adaptation to deep-sea hydrothermal vents. FINDINGS: Here, we report the whole-genome sequencing and assembly of the scaly-foot snail and another snail (Gigantopelta aegis), which inhabits similar environments. Using Oxford Nanopore Technology, 10X Genomics, and Hi-C technologies, we obtained a chromosome-level genome of C. squamiferum with an N50 size of 20.71 Mb. By constructing a phylogenetic tree, we found that these 2 deep-sea snails evolved independently of other snails. Their divergence from each other occurred ∼66.3 million years ago. Comparative genomic analysis showed that different snails have diverse genome sizes and repeat contents. Deep-sea snails have more DNA transposons and long terminal repeats but fewer long interspersed nuclear elements than other snails. Gene family analysis revealed that deep-sea snails experienced stronger selective pressures than freshwater snails, and gene families related to the nervous system, immune system, metabolism, DNA stability, antioxidation, and biomineralization were significantly expanded in scaly-foot snails. We also found 251 H-2 Class II histocompatibility antigen, A-U α chain-like (H2-Aal) genes, which exist uniquely in the Gigantopelta aegis genome. This finding is important for investigating the evolution of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes. CONCLUSION: Our study provides new insights into deep-sea snail genomes and valuable resources for further studies.

9.
Mar Drugs ; 18(11)2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212800

RESUMO

Chemical study of the secondary metabolites of a deep-sea-derived fungus Aspergillus sydowii MCCC 3A00324 led to the isolation of eleven compounds (1-11), including one novel (1) and one new (2) osmane-related monoterpenoids and two undescribed polyketides (3 and 4). The structures of the metabolites were determined by comprehensive analyses of the NMR and HRESIMS spectra, in association with quantum chemical calculations of the 13C NMR, ECD, and specific rotation data for the configurational assignment. Compound 1 possessed a novel monoterpenoid skeleton, biogenetically probably derived from the osmane-type monoperpenoid after the cyclopentane ring cleavage and oxidation reactions. Additionally, compound 3 was the first example of the α-pyrone derivatives bearing two phenyl units at C-3 and C-5, respectively. The anti-inflammatory activities of 1-11 were tested. As a result, compound 6 showed potent inhibitory nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated BV-2 microglia cells with an inhibition rate of 94.4% at the concentration of 10 µM. In addition, a plausible biosynthetic pathway for 1 and 2 was also proposed.

10.
Bioorg Chem ; 105: 104420, 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152648

RESUMO

Seventeen undescribed sesquiterpenoids including 14 phenolic bisabolanes, namely asperbisabolanes A-N (1-14), and 3 cuparenes (aspercuparenes A-C, 15-17), together with 10 known bisabolane analogues (18-27) were isolated from the EtOAc extract of fermented cultures of the deep sea sediment-derived fungus Aspergillus sydowii MCCC 3A00324. The new structures were established on the basis of extensive NMR and HRESIMS spectroscopic data analyses, while their absolute configurations were assigned by comparison of the experimental ECD spectra with those of the TDDFT-ECD calculated spectra or reported data in literature. Asperbisabolanes A (1) and B (2) are the first examples of bisabolane sesquiterpenoids featuring a 6/6/6 tricyclic nucleus. Compound 3 possessed a novel seco-bisabolane skeleton with a rare dioxolane ring moiety, while asperbisabolane K (11) represents the first case of bisabolanes bearing a rare methylsulfonyl group. All the isolated compounds (1-27) were evaluated their activities against NO secretion in LPS-activated BV-2 microglia cells. As a result, 6, 12, 16, and 25-27 exhibited the inhibition rate over 45% at a concentration of 10 µM. Moreover, 12 exerted the anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting the NF-κB-activated pathway in dose-dependent manner.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33253084

RESUMO

A taxonomic study was carried out on strain C16B3T, which was isolated from deep seawater of the Pacific Ocean. The bacterium was Gram-stain-negative, oxidase- and catalase- positive and rod-shaped. Growth was observed at salinities of 0-8.0 % and at temperatures of 10-45 °C. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain C16B3T belonged to the genus Solimonas, with the highest sequence similarity to Solimonas terrae KIS83-12T (97.2 %), followed by Solimonas variicoloris MN28T (97.0 %) and the other four species of the genus Solimonas (94.5 -96.8 %). The average nucleotide identity and estimated DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain C16B3T and the type strains of the genus Solimonas were 74.05-79.48 % and 19.5-22.5 %, respectively. The principal fatty acids (>5 %) were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/C18 : 1 ω6c; 20.9 %), iso-C16 : 0 (14.6 %), C16 : 1 ω5c (9.4 %), iso-C12 : 0 (8.4 %), summed feature 2 (C14 : 0 3-OH/iso I-C16 : 1 and C12 : 0 aldehyde; 6.8 %) and C16 : 0 (5.5 %). The G+C content of the chromosomal DNA was 65.37 mol%. The respiratory quinone was determined to be Q-8 (100 %). The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, four unidentified aminolipids, six unidentified phospholipids and one unidentified polar lipid. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data show that strain C16B3T represents a novel species within the genus Solimonas, for which the name Solimonas marina sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain C16B3T (=MCCC 1A04678T=KCTC 52314T).

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054905

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, aerobic, oxidase-positive and catalase-positive bacterium of the genus Pseudooceanicola, designated strain E2-1T, was isolated from surface water of Jiulong River Estuary, PR China. Cells of strain E2-1T grew in medium containing 0.5-12 % NaCl (w/v; optimum, 2-4 %), at 15-45 °C (optimum, 28-33 °C) and at pH 7.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-8.0). Comparative analyses of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain E2-1T had the highest similarity to Pseudooceanicola nitratireducens JLT1210T (97.3 %) and Pseudooceanicola batsensis HTCC2597T (97.1 %), and had less than 97.0 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to other type strains within the genus Pseudooceanicola. The DNA G+C content of strain E2-1T was 65.7 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness values between E2-1T and related type strains were 75.0 and 20.1 % with P. nitratireducens JLT1210T and 75.6 and 20.4 % with P. batsensis HTCC2597T, respectively. The sole isoprenoid quinone was Q-10; the predominant polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids and six unidentified lipids; the major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0 (17.5 %), C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c (22.7 %) and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/C18 : 1 ω6c; 10.1 %). According to the phylogenetic and genotypic results, strain E2-1T represents a novel species in the genus Pseudooceanicola, for which the name Pseudooceanicola aestuarii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is E2-1T (=MCCC 1K03742T=KCTC 72107T).

13.
Environ Microbiol ; 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32974951

RESUMO

Sulfurimonas species (class Campylobacteria, phylum Campylobacterota) were globally distributed and especially predominant in deep-sea hydrothermal environments. They were previously identified as chemolithoautotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria (SOB), whereas little is known about their potential in sulfur reduction. In this report, we found that the elemental sulfur reduction is quite common in different species of genus Sulfurimonas. To gain insights into the sulfur reduction mechanism, growth tests, morphology observation, as well as genomic and transcriptomic analyses were performed on a deep-sea hydrothermal vent bacterium Sulfurimonas sp. NW10. Scanning electron micrographs and dialysis tubing tests confirmed that elemental sulfur reduction occurred without direct contact of cells with sulfur particles while direct access strongly promoted bacterial growth. Furthermore, we demonstrated that most species of Sulfurimonas probably employ both periplasmic and cytoplasmic polysulfide reductases, encoded by genes psrA1 B1 CDE and psrA2 B2 , respectively, to accomplish cyclooctasulfur reduction. This is the first report showing two different sulfur reduction pathways coupled to different energy conservations could coexist in one sulfur-reducing microorganism, and demonstrates that most bacteria of Sulfurimonas could employ both periplasmic and cytoplasmic polysulfide reductases to perform cyclooctasulfur reduction. The capability of sulfur reduction coupling with hydrogen oxidation may partially explain the prevalenceof Sulfurimonas in deep-sea hydrothermal vent environments.

14.
Mar Genomics ; 53: 100755, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883438

RESUMO

Anoxybacter fermentans DY22613T is a novel piezophilic dissimilatory iron(III)-reducing bacterium isolated from East Pacific Rise (EPR) hydrothermal sulfides. The strain shows very low 16S rRNA gene similarity (86.92%) with the Halanaerobiales, and represents at least a novel genus Anoxybacter within the class Clostridia. Here, we describe the first complete genome of strain DY22613T in this genus. The genome contains 3,557,532 bp with a G + C content of 35.88%. Genome sequence analysis of strain DY22613T reveals the presence of genes encoding riboflavin (ribBA,D,A,F,H), FAD­hydrogenases, etc. are involved in dissimilatory iron(III)-reducing process. The genome will provide insights into the mechanism of dissimilatory iron(III)-reducing in strain DY22613T, and contribute to better understand the role of this group in the biogeochemistry cycling of iron in deep-sea hydrothermal fields.

15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5488-5496, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886593

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium was isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal sulfide in the northwest Indian Ocean Ridge and designated as strain IOP_32T. Strain IOP_32T could grow at 4-40 °C (optimum, 37 °C), pH 5-9 (optimum, pH 7-8) and salinity of 0-12 % NaCl (w/v; optimum, 2-3 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain IOP_32T is most similar to Bizionia fulviae EM7T, Bizionia berychis RA3-3-1T, Bizionia paragorgiae KMM 6029T and Oceanihabitans sediminis S9_10T with 95.5-95.3 % similarity. The phylogenomic analysis indicated that strain IOP_32T forms a distinct lineage with Flaviramulus ichthyoenteri Th78T within the family Flavobacteriaceae. The average nucleotide identity, average amino acid identity and percentage of conserved protein values between strain IOP_32T and the type strains of close genera were 72.3-78.5 %, 67.4-76.9 % and 56.3-61.6 %, respectively. The major cellular fatty acid was anteiso-C15 : 0. The respiratory quinone was MK-6. The polar lipids were mainly composed of phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminophospholipid and five unidentified polar lipids. Strain IOP_32T is significantly different from related genera, which is reflected by the wide adaptability to temperature and salinity levels, the composition of phospholipids and fatty acids, and the results of phylogenetic analyses. The phenotypic properties and phylogenetic data suggest that the lineage represents a novel genus and species within the family Flavobacteriaceae, for which the name Wocania indica gen. sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain IOP_32T (=MCCC 1A14017 T=KCTC 62660 T). We also propose the reclassification of Flaviramulus ichthyoenteri as Wocania ichthyoenteri comb. nov. (Th78T=DSM 26285T=JCM 18634T=KCTC 32142T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Fontes Hidrotermais/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Oceano Índico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 4960-4965, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762800

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, motile, aerobic and heterotrophic bacterium, designated as GYS_M3HT, was isolated from marine coastal sediment sampled at Xiamen Island. Cells were rod-shaped with one polar flagellum and weakly positive for oxidase and catalase. Growth of the strain occurred at pH 6-9 (optimum, pH 7-8), at 15-37 °C (optimum, 28 °C) and with NaCl concentrations of 1.0-6.0 % (optimum, 2.0 %). It had highest 16S rRNA similarity (97.7 %) to Ketobacter alkanivorans GI5T, followed by the members of the genus Alcanivorax (lower than 91.2 %). The results of phylogenetic analysis indicated that it belonged to the genus Ketobacter within the family Alcanivoracaceae. In addition, the average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain GYS_M3HT and K. alkanivorans GI5T were 71.4 and 19.7 %, respectively, indicating that strain GYS_M3HT belonged to a novel species. Its genome consisted of 5 318 758 bp, with a genomic DNA G+C content of 50.0 mol%. The respiratory quinone was Q-8 and the dominant fatty acids were identified as iso-C15 : 0 (25.4 %), C16 : 1 ω6c/C16 : 1 ω7c (14.4 %) and iso-C13 : 0 (7.2 %). The main polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. Therefore, based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic results, strain GYS_M3HT represents a novel species within the genus Ketobacter, for which the name Ketobacter nezhaii sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain GYS_M3HT (=MCCC 1A13808T=KCTC 72247T).


Assuntos
Alcanivoraceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Alcanivoraceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ilhas , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
17.
Mar Genomics ; : 100800, 2020 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32665083

RESUMO

Thermosulfurimonas marina strain SU872T is a thermophilic, anaerobic, chemolithoautotrophic bacterium, isolated from a shallow-sea hydrothermal vent in the Pacific Ocean near Kunashir Island, that is able to grow by disproportionation of inorganic sulfur compounds and dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium. Here we report the complete genome sequence of strain SU872T, which presents one circular chromosome of 1,763,258 bp with a mean G + C content of 58.9 mol%. The complete genome harbors 1827 predicted protein-encoding genes, 47 tRNA genes and 3 rRNA genes. Genes involved in sulfur and nitrogen metabolism were identified. This study expands our knowledge of sulfur and nitrogen use in energy metabolism of high temperatures areas of shallow-sea hydrothermal environments. In order to highlight Thermosulfurimonas marina metabolic features, its genome was compared with that of Thermosulfurimonas dismutans, the only other species described within the Thermosulfurimonas genus.

18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4280-4284, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618558

RESUMO

A taxonomic study was carried out on strain PA15-N-34T, which was isolated from deep-sea sediment of Pacific Ocean. The bacterium was Gram-stain-positive, oxidase- and catalase-positive and rod-shaped. Growth was observed at salinity of 0-15.0% NaCl and at temperatures of 10-45 °C. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain PA15-N-34T belonged to the genus Alcanivorax, with the highest sequence similarity to Alcanivorax profundi MTEO17T (97.7 %), followed by Alcanivorax nanhaiticus 19 m-6T (97.3 %) and 12 other species of the genus Alcanivorax (93.4 %-97.0 %). The average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain PA15-N-34T and type strains of the genus Alcanivorax were 71.46-81.78% and 18.7-25.2 %, respectively. The principal fatty acids (>10 %) were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c; 31.2 %), C16 : 0 (25.0 %) and summed feature 3 (14.6 %). The DNA G+C content was 57.15 mol%. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, four unidentified aminolipids and three unidentified lipids. The novel strain can be differentiated from its closest type strain by a negative test for urease and the presence of diphosphatidylglycerol and aminolipid. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data show that strain PA15-N-34T represents a novel species within the genus Alcanivorax, for which the name Alcanivorax sediminis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain PA15-N-34T (=MCCC 1A14738T=KCTC 72163T).


Assuntos
Alcanivoraceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alcanivoraceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Salinidade , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Temperatura
19.
Microorganisms ; 8(8)2020 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727039

RESUMO

Marine hydrothermal systems are characterized by a pronounced biogeochemical sulfur cycle with the participation of sulfur-oxidizing, sulfate-reducing and sulfur-disproportionating microorganisms. The diversity and metabolism of sulfur disproportionators are studied to a much lesser extent compared with other microbial groups. Dissulfurirhabdus thermomarina SH388T is an anaerobic thermophilic bacterium isolated from a shallow sea hydrothermal vent. D. thermomarina is an obligate chemolithoautotroph able to grow by the disproportionation of sulfite and elemental sulfur. Here, we present the results of the sequencing and analysis of the high-quality draft genome of strain SH388T. The genome consists of a one circular chromosome of 2,461,642 base pairs, has a G + C content of 71.1 mol% and 2267 protein-coding sequences. The genome analysis revealed a complete set of genes essential to CO2 fixation via the reductive acetyl-CoA (Wood-Ljungdahl) pathway and gluconeogenesis. The genome of D. thermomarina encodes a complete set of genes necessary for the dissimilatory reduction of sulfates, which are probably involved in the disproportionation of sulfur. Data on the occurrences of Dissulfurirhabdus 16S rRNA gene sequences in gene libraries and metagenome datasets showed the worldwide distribution of the members of this genus. This study expands our knowledge of the microbial contribution into carbon and sulfur cycles in the marine hydrothermal environments.

20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4502-4507, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32598276

RESUMO

An alkali lignin-degrading, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile and facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated BM_7T, was isolated from mangrove sediment of the supralittoral zone in the Jiulong river estuary, PR China. The cells of strain BM_7T were 0.4-0.6 µm wide and 1.0-8.5 µm long. Oxidase and catalase activities were positive. Strain BM_7T could grow at 10-37 °C (optimum, 25-28 °C), at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0.5-6 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2%). Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain BM_7T belonged to the genus Mangrovibacterium of the family Prolixibacteraceae. It showed the highest similarity to Mangrovibacterium diazotrophicum JCM 19152T (96.8 %), followed by Mangrovibacterium marinum KCTC 42253T (96.1%). The values of average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNA hybridization were calculated as 76.9, 24.3 and 76.1, 17.4 % between strain BM_7T with M. diazotrophicum JCM 19152T and M. marinum KCTC 42253T, respectively. The major respiratory quinone of strain BM_7T was MK-7. The polar lipids were detected as phosphatidylethanolamine, three unidentified phospholipids and four unidentified aminolipids. The dominant fatty acids consisted of iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, C15 : 1 ω6c, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, C17 : 1 ω6c, C17 : 0 3-OH and C17 : 0. The genome size of strain BM_7T is 5.6 Mb, with G+C content of 43.4 mol%. Based on the phylogenetic and phenotypic characteristics, strain BM_7T was considered to represent a novel species of the genus Mangrovibacterium, and the name Mangrovibacterium lignilyticum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is BM_7T (=MCCC 1A15882T=KCTC 72696T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Estuários , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lignina/metabolismo , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
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