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Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900959


BACKGROUND AND AIM: In the phase 3 CONCUR trial (NCT01584830), regorafenib improved overall survival (OS) versus placebo in Asian patients with treatment-refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). We conducted a post hoc subgroup analysis of Chinese patients in CONCUR. METHODS: Adults with mCRC progressing despite at least two prior treatment regimens and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-1 were randomized 2:1 to regorafenib 160 mg once daily or placebo for the first 3 weeks of each 4-week cycle. Dose modifications were permitted. The primary endpoint was OS. Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival, objective overall response, disease control rate, and safety. RESULTS: A total of 172 Chinese patients were randomized and treated (regorafenib n = 112, placebo n = 60). OS was significantly improved with regorafenib versus placebo (8.4 vs 6.2 months, respectively; hazard ratio [HR] 0.56, 95% CI 0.39-0.80; one-sided P = 0.000632), as was progression-free survival (HR 0.32, 95% CI 0.22-0.47; one-sided P < 0.000001). The most common drug-related grade ≥ 3 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs; regorafenib, placebo) were hand-foot skin reaction (19%, 0%), hypertension (13%, 3%), hypophosphatemia (7%, 0%), increased alanine aminotransferase (6%, 0%), and increased aspartate aminotransferase (5%, 0%). In patients receiving regorafenib and placebo, respectively, TEAEs led to treatment discontinuation in 14% and 7%, dose reduction in 39% and 0%, and dose interruption in 64% and 20%. CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective analysis showed that regorafenib provided an OS benefit over placebo for Chinese patients with previously treated mCRC. TEAEs were consistent with the regorafenib safety profile and manageable with treatment modifications.

BJU Int ; 119(6): 846-853, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27981711


OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of sorafenib dose escalation in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Intra-patient dose escalation may enhance the clinical benefit of targeted anticancer agents in metastatic disease. In this non-randomised, open-label, Phase 2b study, treatment-naïve patients with mRCC were initially treated with the standard oral sorafenib dose [400 mg twice daily (BID)]. Two dose escalations were planned, each 200 mg BID after 28 days at the prior level. Dose reductions, interruptions, or delayed escalations were used to manage adverse events (AEs). The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR) in the modified intent-to-treat (mITT) population, which comprised patients with ≥6 months of treatment including ≥4 months of therapy at their highest tolerated dose. Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) and safety. RESULTS: In all, 83 patients received sorafenib. The dose received for the longest duration was 400, 600, and 800 mg BID in 48.2%, 15.7%, and 24.1% of patients, respectively. The ORR was 44.4% [n = 8/18; 95% confidence interval (CI) 21.5-69.2] and 17.9% (n = 12/67; 95% CI 9.6-29.2) in the mITT and ITT populations, respectively. The median (95% CI) PFS was 7.4 (6.0-11.7) months (ITT). The most common AEs of any grade were hand-foot skin reaction (66.3%) and diarrhoea (63.9%). CONCLUSION: Sorafenib demonstrated clinical benefit in treatment-naïve patients with mRCC. However, relatively few patients could sustain doses of >400 mg BID. There was evidence that, where tolerated, escalation from the standard sorafenib dose may have enhanced clinical benefit. However, this study does not support dose escalation for most patients with treatment-naïve mRCC. Alternative protocols for sorafenib dose escalation could be explored.

Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/secundário , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Niacinamida/análogos & derivados , Compostos de Fenilureia/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Niacinamida/administração & dosagem , Projetos de Pesquisa , Sorafenibe , Resultado do Tratamento
Eur Urol ; 54(4): 924-31, 2008 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18640769


BACKGROUND: To date, no data have been available from large, well-designed trials comparing on demand and nightly dosing of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors on recovery of erectile function in postprostatectomy patients with erectile dysfunction (ED). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of early postoperative dosing with vardenafil, administered either nightly or on demand, compared with placebo on recovery of erectile function in men with ED following bilateral nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy (NSRP) surgery. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, multicentre, parallel group study conducted at 87 centres across Europe, Canada, South Africa, and the United States. For inclusion, patients had to be scheduled to undergo bilateral NSRP within 1 mo of screening and have a normal International Index of Erectile Function erectile function domain (IIEF-EF) score of > or =26 at screening. A total of 628 men, aged 18-64 yr, were randomised to treatment. Study design consisted of a 9-mo double-blind treatment period, a 2-mo single-blind washout period, and an optional 2-mo open-label period. INTERVENTION: Patients received placebo, nightly vardenafil, or on demand vardenafil. MEASUREMENTS: Primary outcome measure was the percentage of subjects with an IIEF-EF score of > or =22 after the 2-mo washout period. Secondary variables included mean per-patient success rates for Sexual Encounter Profile (SEP) questions 2 and 3. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: No statistically significant differences were observed among treatment groups in the proportion of patients with an IIEF-EF score of > or =22 or in SEP3 success rates after the washout period. On-demand vardenafil treatment resulted in significantly greater IIEF-EF scores and better SEP3 response rates than placebo over the entire treatment period. CONCLUSIONS: In this study of men with ED following bilateral NSRP, vardenafil was efficacious when used on demand, supporting a paradigm shift towards on demand dosing with PDE5 inhibitors in this patient group. TRIAL REGISTRATION: European clinical trials database (EudraCT; available at TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: 11336.

Disfunção Erétil/tratamento farmacológico , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Imidazóis/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Fosfodiesterase/administração & dosagem , Piperazinas/administração & dosagem , Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos , Prostatectomia/métodos , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Próstata/inervação , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sulfonas/administração & dosagem , Triazinas/administração & dosagem , Dicloridrato de Vardenafila
J Urol ; 179(3): 1060-5, 2008 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18206950


PURPOSE: Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors are the first choice therapy in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Many men in their reproductive years are now using phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of 6 months of treatment with 20 mg vardenafil, compared with 100 mg sildenafil and placebo, on semen characteristics and reproductive hormones in men with and without erectile dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled, parallel group, multicenter study. A total of 200 men with or without erectile dysfunction, able to produce semen samples without erectile dysfunction therapy, 25 to 64 years old, were randomized to daily treatment with vardenafil, sildenafil or placebo for 6 months. The primary variable was the percentage of vardenafil treated individuals with a 50% or greater decrease in mean sperm concentration from baseline to 6-month last observation carried forward, compared with placebo treated individuals. RESULTS: The between group difference (vardenafil minus placebo) in the percentage of patients with 50% or greater decrease in sperm concentration (baseline to 6 months last observation carried forward) was 0.07% (95% CI, -8.53% to 8.39%). Vardenafil also had no clinically significant effects on any other semen parameters, or on levels of reproductive hormones, when compared with placebo. Similar data were observed with sildenafil. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that vardenafil had no adverse effects on sperm concentration, compared with sildenafil and placebo, when administered daily at the maximum recommended dose for 6 months. Specifically, use of vardenafil for 6 months does not impair sperm concentration, total sperm count per ejaculate, or sperm morphology and motility. Levels of reproductive hormones were also unaffected.

Disfunção Erétil/tratamento farmacológico , Hormônios Gonadais/metabolismo , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Inibidores de Fosfodiesterase/farmacologia , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Sêmen/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Disfunção Erétil/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Purinas/farmacologia , Citrato de Sildenafila , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Sulfonas/farmacologia , Triazinas/farmacologia , Dicloridrato de Vardenafila