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1.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(1): 27-38, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefit of optimal medical therapy (OMT) on 5-year outcomes in patients with 3-vessel disease and/or left main disease after percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was demonstrated in the randomized SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) trial. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this analysis is to assess the impact of the status of OMT at 5 years on 10-year mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention or CABG. METHODS: This is a subanalysis of the SYNTAXES (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery Extended Survival) study, which evaluated for up to 10 years the vital status of patients who were originally enrolled in the SYNTAX trial. OMT was defined as the combination of 4 types of medications: at least 1 antiplatelet drug, statin, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker, and beta-blocker. After stratifying participants by the number of individual OMT agents at 5 years and randomized treatment, a landmark analysis was conducted to assess the association between treatment response and 10-year mortality. RESULTS: In 1,472 patients, patients on OMT at 5 years had a significantly lower mortality at 10 years compared with those on ≤2 types of medications (13.1% vs 19.9%; adjusted HR: 0.470; 95% CI: 0.292-0.757; P = 0.002) but had a mortality similar to those on 3 types of medications. Furthermore, patients undergoing CABG with the individual OMT agents, antiplatelet drug and statin, at 5 years had lower 10-year mortality than those without. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with 3-vessel and/or left main disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention or CABG, medication status at 5 years had a significant impact on 10-year mortality. Patients on OMT with guideline-recommended pharmacologic therapy at 5 years had a survival benefit. (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery: SYNTAX Extended Survival [SYNTAXES]; NCT03417050; Taxus Drug-Eluting Stent Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for the Treatment of Narrowed Arteries [SYNTAX]; NCT00114972).


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/administração & dosagem , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Quimioterapia Combinada/estatística & dados numéricos , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Período Pós-Operatório , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 77(22): 2761-2773, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal revascularization strategy for the elderly with complex coronary artery disease remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate 10-year all-cause mortality, life expectancy, 5-year major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events (MACCE), and 5-year quality of life (QOL) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) in elderly individuals (>70 years old) with 3-vessel disease (3VD) and/or left main disease (LMD). METHODS: In the present pre-specified analysis on age of the SYNTAX Extended Survival study, 10-year all-cause death and 5-year MACCE were compared with Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox proportional hazards models among elderly or nonelderly patients. Life expectancy was estimated by restricted mean survival time within 10 years, and QOL status according to the Seattle Angina Questionnaire up to 5 years was assessed by linear mixed-effects models. RESULTS: Among 1,800 randomized patients, 575 patients (31.9%) were elderly. Ten-year mortality did not differ significantly between PCI and CABG in elderly (44.1% vs. 41.1%; hazard ratio [HR]: 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.84 to 1.40) and nonelderly patients (21.1% vs. 16.6%; HR: 1.30; 95% CI: 1.00 to 1.69; pinteraction = 0.332). Among elderly patients, 5-year MACCE was comparable between PCI and CABG (39.4% vs. 35.1%; HR: 1.18; 95% CI: 0.90 to 1.56), whereas it was significantly higher in PCI over CABG among nonelderly patients (36.3% vs. 23.0%; HR: 1.69; 95% CI: 1.36 to 2.10; pinteraction = 0.043). There were no significant difference in life expectancy (mean difference: 0.2 years in favor of CABG; 95% CI: -0.4 to 0.7) and 5-year QOL status between PCI and CABG among elderly patients. CONCLUSIONS: Elderly patients with 3VD and/or LMD had comparable 10-year all-cause death, life expectancy, 5-year MACCE, and 5-year QOL status irrespective of revascularization mode. (Synergy Between PCI With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery: SYNTAX Extended Survival [SYNTAXES]; NCT03417050) (SYNTAX Study: TAXUS Drug-Eluting Stent Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for the Treatment of Narrowed Arteries [SYNTAX]; NCT00114972).

4.
Circulation ; 144(2): 96-109, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34011163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ten-year all-cause death according to incomplete (IR) versus complete revascularization (CR) has not been fully investigated in patients with 3-vessel disease and left main coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: The SYNTAX Extended Survival study (Synergy Between PCI With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery: SYNTAX Extended Survival [SYNTAXES]) evaluated vital status up to 10 years in patients who were originally enrolled in the SYNTAX trial. In the present substudy, outcomes of the CABG CR group were compared with the CABG IR, PCI CR, and PCI IR groups. In addition, in the PCI cohort, the residual SYNTAX score (rSS) was used to quantify the extent of IR and to assess its association with fatal late outcome. The rSS of 0 suggests CR, whereas a rSS>0 identifies the degree of IR. RESULTS: IR was more frequently observed in patients with PCI versus CABG (56.6% versus 36.8%) and more common in those with 3-vessel disease than left main coronary artery disease in both the PCI arm (58.5% versus 53.8%) and the CABG arm (42.8% versus 27.5%). Patients undergoing PCI with CR had no significant difference in 10-year all-cause death compared with those undergoing CABG (22.2% for PCI with CR versus 24.3% for CABG with IR versus 23.8% for CABG with CR). In contrast, those with PCI and IR had a significantly higher risk of all-cause death at 10 years compared with CABG and CR (33.5% versus 23.7%; adjusted hazard ratio, 1.48 [95% CI, 1.15-1.91]). When patients with PCI were stratified according to the rSS, those with a rSS≤8 had no significant difference in all-cause death at 10 years as the other terciles (22.2% for rSS=0 versus 23.9% for rSS>0-4 versus 28.9% for rSS>4-8), whereas a rSS>8 had a significantly higher risk of 10-year all-cause death than those undergoing PCI with CR (50.1% versus 22.2%; adjusted hazard ratio, 3.40 [95% CI, 2.13-5.43]). CONCLUSIONS: IR is common after PCI, and the degree of incompleteness was associated with 10-year mortality. If it is unlikely that complete (or nearly complete; rSS<8) revascularization can be achieved with PCI in patients with 3-vessel disease, CABG should be considered. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT00114972. URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03417050.

6.
Expert Rev Med Devices ; 18(4): 351-365, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33739213

RESUMO

Introduction: The first-generation bioresorbable scaffolds (BRSs) had a large strut profile to compensate for the insufficient radial strength of bioresorbable polymer materials, resulting in higher scaffold thrombosis rates than conventional drug-eluting stents. To improve the clinical safety and efficacy, the new generation BRSs have been improved by optimal structure design, post-processing of bioresorbable polymer materials, or altering bioresorbable metallic alloys.Areas covered: This review summarizes the lessons learned from the first-generation BRS, updates the clinical outcomes of trials evaluating ABSORB bioresorbable vascular scaffold at long-term and bioresorbable metallic alloy-based devices, and examines recent outcomes of BRS treated in STEMI patients. This review also provides an overview of the current clinical data of seven BRSs manufactured in Asia, and of the BRSs extended application in other clinical arenas.Expert opinion: Drawbacks of the first-generation BRSs need to be addressed by the next generation of these stents with novel materials and technologies. Clinical research, including randomized controlled trials, are required to further evaluate BRSs application in coronary artery disease. The encouraging results of BRSs innovation applied in the peripheral arteries and gastrointestinal tracts support other potential clinical applications of BRS technology.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Tecidos Suporte/química , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Humanos , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 77(5): 529-540, 2021 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The long-term clinical benefit after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with total occlusions (TOs) and complex coronary artery disease has not yet been clarified. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this analysis was to assess 10-year all-cause mortality in patients with TOs undergoing PCI or CABG. METHODS: This is a subanalysis of patients with at least 1 TO in the SYNTAXES (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery Extended Survival) study, which investigated 10-year all-cause mortality in the SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) trial, beyond its original 5-year follow-up. Patients with TOs were further stratified according to the status of TO recanalization or revascularization. RESULTS: Of 1,800 randomized patients to the PCI or CABG arm, 460 patients had at least 1 lesion of TO. In patients with TOs, the status of TO recanalization or revascularization was not associated with 10-year all-cause mortality, irrespective of the assigned treatment (PCI arm: 29.9% vs. 29.4%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 0.992; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.474 to 2.075; p = 0.982; and CABG arm: 28.0% vs. 21.4%; adjusted HR: 0.656; 95% CI: 0.281 to 1.533; p = 0.330). When TOs existed in left main and/or left anterior descending artery, the status of TO recanalization or revascularization did not have an impact on the mortality (34.5% vs. 26.9%; adjusted HR: 0.896; 95% CI: 0.314 to 2.555; p = 0.837). CONCLUSIONS: At 10-year follow-up, the status of TO recanalization or revascularization did not affect mortality, irrespective of the assigned treatment and location of TOs. The present study might support contemporary practice among high-volume chronic TO-PCI centers where recanalization is primarily offered to patients for the management of angina refractory to medical therapy when myocardial viability is confirmed. (Synergy Between PCI With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery: SYNTAX Extended Survival [SYNTAXES]; NCT03417050; SYNTAX Study: TAXUS Drug-Eluting Stent Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for the Treatment of Narrowed Arteries [SYNTAX]; NCT00114972).


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Previsões , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Medição de Risco/métodos , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico , Oclusão Coronária/mortalidade , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , América do Norte/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/mortalidade
8.
Am J Cardiol ; 138: 1-10, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065080

RESUMO

Patients undergoing staged percutaneous coronary intervention (SPCI) are exposed to extended duration of antiplatelet therapy, and a novel aspirin-free antiplatelet regimen after SPCI should be specifically evaluated among these patients. This is a prespecified substudy of the GLOBAL LEADERS which is a randomized, open-label trial, comparing an experimental regimen of 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT; ticagrelor and aspirin) followed by 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy to a reference regimen of 12-month DAPT followed by 12-month aspirin monotherapy. Patients were stratified according to whether or not SPCI was performed. The impact of the timing of SPCI on clinical outcomes was also investigated. Of 15,968 randomized patients, 1,651 patients underwent SPCI within 3 months. These patients with SPCI had a significantly higher risk of bleeding and ischemic endpoints than those without SPCI. In patients undergoing SPCI, the primary endpoint (composite of all-cause death or new Q-wave myocardial infarction at 2 years) and secondary safety endpoint (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium [BARC]-defined bleeding 3 or 5) were similar in the 2 regimens. However, in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the experimental regimen reduced a risk of BARC 3 or 5 bleeding (1.8% vs 4.5%; HR 0.387; 95% CI 0.179 to 0.836; p = 0.016). In patients undergoing SPCI later than 10 days after index procedure, this risk reduction was still prominent (0.8% vs 2.3%; HR 0.321; 95% CI 0.116 to 0.891; p = 0.029). In conclusion, patients undergoing SPCI are at high risk and may need special attention from clinicians. In ACS patients undergoing SPCI, a novel aspirin-free antiplatelet regimen appears to be associated with a lower bleeding risk than with standard DAPT.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/métodos , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 25: 29-35, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109476

RESUMO

AIMS: The objective of the study is to assess the efficacy and safety of the novel Magic Touch sirolimus coated-balloon (SCB) when compared to the SeQuent Please Neo paclitaxel coated balloon (PCB) for the treatment of de-novo small vessel coronary artery diseases (SVD). STUDY DESIGN: The TRANSFORM I study is a randomized, multicenter, non-inferiority trial with the intent to enroll a total of 114 patients with a de-novo SVD (≤2.5 mm). Vessel size will be pre-screened by on-line QCA. After successful pre-dilatation without major coronary dissections (type C-F) nor Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction trial [TIMI] grade flow ≤2, patients will be enrolled in a 1:1 randomization to receive treatment with either the novel SCB balloon or the comparative PCB balloon. The balloon sizing will be selected according to the lumen-based approach derived from optical coherence tomography (OCT). The primary endpoint is 6-month mean net lumen diameter gain (6-month minimum lumen diameter [MLD] minus baseline MLD) assessed by quantitative coronary analysis (QCA) with non-inferiority margin of 0.3 mm in per-protocol analysis. The clinical follow-up will be conducted up to 1 year. The enrollment started in September 2020 and will complete in April 2021. CONCLUSIONS: The TRANSFORM I trial will assess the efficacy of novel SCB in terms of non-inferiority to conventional PCB with a novel OCT measurement approach in patients with a de-novo SVD. Clinical Trial Registration URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT03913832.

10.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 97(7): E919-E928, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175478

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the predictive performances of the prewiring, postwiring MI-SYNTAX scores, prewiring, and postwiring Updated Logistic Clinical SYNTAX score (LCSS) for 2-year all-cause mortality post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. BACKGROUND: In patients with STEMI and undergoing primary PCI, coronary stenosis(es) distal to the culprit lesion is often observed after the restoration of coronary flow. To address comprehensively the complex coronary anatomy in these patients, prewiring and postwiring MI-SYNTAX scores have been reported in the literature. Furthermore, to enable individualized risk estimation for long-term all-cause mortality, the Updated LCSS has been developed by combining the anatomical SYNTAX score and clinical factors. METHODS: In the randomized GLOBAL LEADERS trial, anatomical SYNTAX score analysis was performed by an independent angiographic corelab for the first 4,000 consecutive patients as a prespecified analysis; of these, 545 presented with STEMI. The efficacy of the mortality predictions of the four scores at 2 years were evaluated based on their discrimination and calibration abilities. RESULTS: Complete data was available in 512 patients (93.9%). When the patients were stratified into two groups based on the median of the scores, the prewiring and postwiring Updated LCSSs demonstrated that the high-score groups were associated with higher rates of 2-year all-cause mortality compared to the low-score groups (6.6 vs. 1.2%; log-rank p = .001 and 6.6 vs. 1.2%; log-rank p = .001, respectively). There were no statistically significant differences for predicting the mortality between the prewiring (area under the curve [AUC] 0.625), postwiring MI-SYNTAX score (AUC 0.614), prewiring (AUC 0.755), and postwiring Updated LCSS (AUC 0.757). In the integrated discrimination improvement (IDI), the prewiring MI-SYNTAX score had a better discrimination for the mortality than the postwiring MI-SYNTAX score (IDI -0.0082; p = .029). The four scores had acceptable calibration abilities for 2-year all-cause mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The prewiring Updated LCSS predicts long-term all-cause mortality with clearly useful discrimination and acceptable calibration. Since the postwiring MI-SYNTAX score does not improve mortality prediction, the prewiring MI-SYNTAX score may be preferred for the 2-year mortality prediction using the Updated LCSS.

11.
Future Cardiol ; 17(4): 593-607, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33258702

RESUMO

Drug-eluting stents (DES) have been developed over recent decades and the implantation of DES is the standard of care in contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention for patients with coronary artery disease. The MiStent sirolimus-eluting stent has several unique features; ultra-thin (64 µm) struts, a bioresorbable polymer and a controlled drug release from microcrystalline sirolimus as a reservoir embedded in the vessel wall. Results of recent clinical trials demonstrated the potential performance of this state-of-the-art DES. In the present review, we provide an overview of the development of DES, in particular the design and performance of the novel MiStent sirolimus-eluting stent from technological and clinical points of view and discuss the potentials of this new type of DES.

12.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(12): e009183, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33272034

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical implications of online 3-dimensional optical frequency domain imaging (3D-OFDI)-guided stenting for bifurcation lesions have not been investigated in the randomized controlled trials. The purpose of this study was to determine whether online 3D-OFDI-guided stenting is superior to angiography-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in terms of incomplete stent apposition at the bifurcation segment. METHODS: The OPTIMUM trial (Online 3-Dimensional Optical Frequency Domain Imaging to Optimize Bifurcation Stenting Using UltiMaster Stent) was a randomized, multicenter clinical trial. Eligible patients had an angiographically significant stenosis in the bifurcation lesion treated with a provisional single stent strategy using the Ultimaster sirolimus eluting stent. Patients were randomly allocated to either online 3D-OFDI-guided or angiography-guided PCI. Patients randomized to 3D-OFDI guidance underwent online 3D-OFDI assessment after rewiring into the jailed side branch after stenting and proximal optimization technique, while in the angiography guidance arm, rewiring was performed using conventional fluoroscopic/angiographic guidance. The primary end point of this trial was the postprocedural average percentage of malapposed struts per lesion assessed by OFDI in the confluence zone of the main and side branches. RESULTS: Between June 8, 2017 and September 26, 2018, 110 patients with 111 bifurcation lesions were randomized at 4 Japanese centers. Of these, 56 patients with 57 lesions were treated with 3D-OFDI-guided PCI, whereas 54 patients with 54 lesions were treated with angiography-guided PCI. In the 3D-OFDI guidance arm, the feasibility of online 3D-OFDI was 98.2%. The average percentage of incomplete stent apposition per lesion at bifurcation was lower in the 3D-OFDI guidance arm than that in the angiography guidance arm (19.5±15.8% versus 27.5±14.2%, P=0.008). The superiority of the 3D-OFDI guidance arm was also confirmed in the strut level analysis (odds ratio: 0.54 [95% CI, 0.36-0.81]; P=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Online 3D-OFDI-guided bifurcation PCI was superior to angiography-guided bifurcation PCI in terms of acute incomplete stent apposition at bifurcation. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02972489.

13.
BMJ Open ; 10(12): e038152, 2020 12 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33303435

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The previously published SYNTAX III REVOLUTION trial demonstrated that clinical decision-making between coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention based on coronary CT angiography (CCTA) had a very high agreement with the treatment decision derived from invasive coronary angiography (ICA). The study objective of the FASTTRACK CABG is to assess the feasibility of CCTA and fractional flow reserve derived from CTA (FFRCT) to replace ICA as a surgical guidance method for planning and execution of CABG in patients with three-vessel disease with or without left main disease. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The FASTTRACK CABG is an investigator-initiated single-arm, multicentre, prospective, proof-of-concept and first-in-man study with feasibility and safety analysis. Surgical revascularisation strategy and treatment planning will be solely based on CCTA and FFRCT without knowledge of the anatomy defined by ICA. Clinical follow-up visit including CCTA will be performed 30 days after CABG in order to assess graft patency and adequacy of the revascularisation with respect to the surgical planning based on non-invasive imaging (CCTA) with functional assessment (FFRCT) and compared with ICA. Primary feasibility endpoint is CABG planning and execution solely based on CCTA and FFRCT in 114 patients. Primary safety endpoint based on 30 day CCTA is graft assessment and topographical adequacy of the revascularisation procedure. Automatic non-invasive assessment of functional coronary anatomy complexity is also evaluated with FFRCT for functional Synergy Between percutaneous coronary intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery Score assessment on CCTA. CCTA with FFRCT might provide better anatomical and functional analysis of the coronary circulation leading to appropriate anatomical and functional revascularisation, and thereby contributing to a better outcome. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Each patient has to provide written informed consent as approved by the ethical committee of the respective clinical site. Results will be submitted for publication in peer-reviewed journals and will be disseminated at scientific conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04142021.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Angiografia Coronária , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
14.
Ir J Med Sci ; 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33111251

RESUMO

Hypertension is one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which is the leading cause of mortality. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that in 2019 more than 1.13 billion people worldwide were suffering from hypertension. In spite of the advances in new medical therapies, control of hypertension remains suboptimal. Renal denervation (RDN) neuromodulation treatment was primarily developed to treat resistant hypertension and is potentially a new method for treating congestive heart failure, diabetes, and chronic renal failure. RDN consists of passing a catheter into the renal arteries and ablating their sympathetic nerves using radiofrequency or ultrasound energy. Despite promising results in initial trials, RDN failed to achieve its efficacy endpoints as a treatment for resistant hypertension, but the recent series of successful trials show that RDN is back as a serious treatment alternative. This paper reviews the current state-of-the-art RDN devices including Symplicity Flex, Symplicity Spyral, Vessix, EnligHTN, Iberis, TIVUS system, and Paradise. The paper also provides an in-depth review of future RDN devices which include Cryo-RDN, Golden Leaf Catheter, Synaptic, SyMapCath, ConfidenHT System, and Grizzly Microwave Ablation system.

15.
EuroIntervention ; 16(12): e997-e1004, 2020 12 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928717

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of the Multivessel TALENT trial is to compare clinical outcomes of the novel Supraflex Cruz stent with those of the SYNERGY stent in patients with three-vessel disease (3VD) undergoing state-of-the-art percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: In this prospective, randomised, 1:1 balanced, multicentre, open-label trial, 1,550 patients with de novo 3VD without left main disease will be assigned to the Supraflex Cruz or SYNERGY arm. The following treatment principles of "best practice" PCI will be applied: Heart Team consensus based on SYNTAX score II treatment recommendation, functional lesion evaluation by quantitative flow ratio (QFR), stent optimisation by intravascular imaging, optimal pharmacological treatment and prasugrel monotherapy. The primary endpoint is a non-inferiority comparison of the patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE) of all-cause death, any stroke, any myocardial infarction, or any revascularisation, at 12 months post procedure. The powered secondary endpoint is a superiority comparison of the vessel-oriented composite endpoint (VOCE), defined as vessel-related cardiovascular death, vessel-related myocardial infarction, or clinically and physiologically indicated target vessel revascularisation, at 24 months. CONCLUSIONS: The Multivessel TALENT trial will be evaluating a novel treatment strategy for complex coronary artery disease with state-of-the-art PCI based on angiography-derived QFR with novel ultra-thin Supraflex Cruz stents, compared with SYNERGY stents. Clinical Trial Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04390672. Unique Identifier: NCT04390672


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Implantes Absorvíveis , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Polímeros , Estudos Prospectivos , Sirolimo/uso terapêutico , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 7: 119, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32850981

RESUMO

Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) have been developed and improved as both diagnostic and guidance tools for interventional procedures over the past three decades. IVUS has a resolution of 100 µm with a high tissue penetration and capability of assessing the entire structure of a coronary artery including the external elastic membrane, whereas OCT has a higher resolution of 10-20 µm to assess endoluminal structures with a limited tissue penetration compared to IVUS. Recently, two companies, CONAVI and TERUMO, integrated IVUS and OCT into a single catheter system. With their inherent strength and limitations, the combined IVUS and OCT probes are complementary and work synergistically to enable a comprehensive depiction of coronary artery. In this review, we summarize the performance of the two intracoronary imaging modalities-IVUS and OCT-and discuss the expected potential of the novel hybrid IVUS-OCT catheter system in the clinical field.

18.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 13(8): e006660, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Time-to-first-event analysis considers only the first event irrespective of its severity. There are several methods to assess trial outcomes beyond time-to-first-event analysis, such as analyzing total events and ranking outcomes. In the GLOBAL LEADERS study, time-to-first-event analysis did not show superiority of ticagrelor monotherapy following one-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention to conventional 12-month DAPT followed by aspirin monotherapy in the reduction of the primary composite end point of all-cause mortality or new Q-wave myocardial infarction. This study sought to explore various analytical approaches in assessing total ischemic and bleeding events after percutaneous coronary intervention in the GLOBAL LEADERS study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Total ischemic and bleeding events were defined as all-cause mortality, any stroke, any myocardial infarction, any revascularization, or Bleeding Academic Research Consortium grade 2 or 3 bleeding. We used various analytical approaches to analyze the benefit of ticagrelor monotherapy over conventional DAPT. For ischemic and bleeding events at 2 years after percutaneous coronary intervention, ticagrelor monotherapy demonstrated a 6% risk reduction, compared with conventional 12-month DAPT in time-to-first-event analysis (hazard ratio, 0.94 [95% CI, 0.88-1.01]; log-rank P=0.10). In win ratio analysis, win ratio was 1.05 (95% CI, 0.97-1.13; P=0.20). Negative binomial regression and Andersen-Gill analyses which include repeated events showed statistically significant advantage for ticagrelor monotherapy (rate ratio, 0.92 [95% CI, 0.85-0.99; P=0.020] and hazard ratio, 0.92 [95% CI, 0.85-0.99; P=0.028], respectively), although in weighted composite end point analysis, the hazard ratio was 0.93 (95% CI, 0.84-1.04; log-rank P=0.22). CONCLUSIONS: Statistical analyses considering repeated events or event severity showed that ticagrelor monotherapy consistently reduced ischemic and bleeding events by 5% to 8%, compared with conventional 1-year DAPT. Applying multiple statistical methods could emphasize the multiple facets of a trial and result in accurate and more appropriate analyses. Considering the recurrence of ischemic and bleeding events, ticagrelor monotherapy appeared to be beneficial after percutaneous coronary intervention. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT01813435.


Assuntos
Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Determinação de Ponto Final , Estudos de Equivalência como Asunto , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Projetos de Pesquisa , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Ticagrelor/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 22(10): 1912-1919, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476191

RESUMO

AIMS: Incorporation of remote monitoring of pulmonary artery pressure and vital signs has been demonstrated to reduce heart failure (HF) hospitalization and all-cause mortality in selected symptomatic HF patients. The aim of this study is to investigate the safety and accuracy of the new CordellaTM Pulmonary Artery Pressure Sensor (Endotronix, Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) and the usability of the comprehensive CordellaTM Heart Failure System (CHFS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Multicentre, open-label, first-in-human, feasibility study to evaluate the CHFS and the safety and accuracy of the Cordella™ Pulmonary Artery Pressure Sensor in 15 patients with New York Heart Association class III HF. All patients were successfully implanted with the Cordella Pulmonary Artery Pressure Sensor, without sensor failure. No device system-related complications, defined as invasive treatment, device explant or death, occurred. The primary efficacy endpoint of a mean pulmonary artery pressure at 90 days was met in all but one patients with a cohort difference of 2.7 mmHg (Cordella Sensor 22.5 ± 11.8 mmHg, Swan-Ganz catheter 25.2 ± 8.5 mmHg). One patient did not go through the 90-day right heart catheterization for safety reasons. Patient adherence to daily measurement, transmission of vital signs and pulmonary artery pressure sensor readings were recorded 99% of the time. CONCLUSION: The initial experience of the CHFS incorporating comprehensive vital signs and pulmonary artery pressure monitoring enables safe and accurate monitoring of HF status.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Atenção à Saúde , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Pulmonar
20.
Expert Opin Drug Deliv ; 17(7): 931-945, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32456554

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The technology of bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) spread out after the success of the first-in-man trials of the Absorb. However, the randomized trials demonstrated that major adverse cardiac events and scaffold thrombosis rates of the first-generation Absorb were higher than those of the metallic everolimus-eluting stent. To overcome the shortcoming of the firstly commercialized Absorb, novel technologies have been developed. AREAS COVERED: In this review, we overviewed the field of BRS in the treatment of coronary, peripheral artery and gastrointestinal fields. To date, 10 BRS devices developed by 6 manufacturers have acquired the CE mark in coronary artery disease. Currently 8 BRS are in clinical trial phase, whereas 7 BRS are in preclinical assessment phase. Most new-generation devices have a strut thickness of less than 100 µm. However, late favorable outcome might be achieved not only by device refinement but also by a proper technique of implantation using intra vascular imaging guidance, as well as with a careful patient and lesion selection. EXPERT OPINION: New-generation BRS will be soon tested in the clinical arena to demonstrate improved acute and long-term of safety and efficacy.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Stents Farmacológicos , Doença Arterial Periférica/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Tecidos Suporte , Resultado do Tratamento
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