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1.
J Adv Res ; 33: 227-239, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603792

RESUMO

Background: Because enzymes can control several metabolic pathways and regulate the production of free radicals, their simultaneous use with nanoplatforms showing protective and combinational properties is of great interest in the development of therapeutic nano-based platforms. However, enzyme immobilization on nanomaterials is not straightforward due to the toxic and unpredictable properties of nanoparticles in medical practice. Aim of review: In fact, because of the ability to load enzymes on nano-based supports and increase their renewability, scientific groups have been tempted to create potential therapeutic enzymes in this field. Therefore, this study not only pays attention to the therapeutic and diagnostic applications of diseases by enzyme-nanoparticle (NP) bio-conjugate (abbreviated as: ENB), but also considers the importance of nanoplatforms used based on their toxicity, ease of application and lack of significant adverse effects on loaded enzymes. In the following, based on the published reports, we explained that the immobilization of enzymes on polymers, inorganic metal oxide and hybrid compounds provide hopes for potential use of ENBs in medical activities. Then, the use of ENBs in bioassay activities such as paper-based or wearing biosensors and lab-on-chip/microfluidic biosensors were evaluated. Finally, this review addresses the current challenges and future perspective of ENBs in biomedical applications. Key scientific concepts of review: This literature may provide useful information regarding the application of ENBs in biosensing and therapeutic platforms.

2.
J Control Release ; 338: 341-357, 2021 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34428480

RESUMO

Microneedle arrays have recently received much attention as cancer detection and treatment platforms, because invasive injections and detection of the biopsy are not needed, and drug metabolism by the liver, as well as adverse effects of systemic drug administration, are diminished. Microneedles have been used for diagnosis, vaccination, and in targeted drug delivery of breast cancer. In this review, we summarize the recent progress in diagnosis and targeted drug delivery for breast cancer treatment, using microneedle arrays to deliver active molecules through the skin. The results not only suggest that health and well-being of patients are improved, but also that microneedle arrays can deliver anticancer compounds in a relatively noninvasive manner, based on body weight, breast tumor size, and circulation time of the drug. Moreover, microneedles could allow simultaneous loading of multiple drugs and enable controlled release, thus effectively optimizing or preventing drug-drug interactions. This review is designed to encourage the use of microneedles for diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer, by describing general properties of microneedles, materials used for construction, mechanism of action, and principal benefits. Ongoing challenges and future perspectives for the application of microneedle array systems in breast cancer detection and treatment are highlighted.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Administração Cutânea , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Microinjeções , Agulhas , Pele/metabolismo
3.
J Adv Res ; 30: 171-184, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34026294

RESUMO

Background: Heterocyclic compounds have always been used as a core portion in the development of anticancer drugs. However, there is a pressing need for developing inexpensive and simple alternatives to high-cost and complex chemical agents-based catalysts for large-scale production of heterocyclic compounds. Also, development of some smart platforms for cancer treatment based on nanoparticles (NPs) which facilitate Fenton reaction have been widely explored by different scientists. Magnetic NPs not only can serve as catalysts in the synthesis of heterocyclic compounds with potential anticancer properties, but also are widely used as smart agents in targeting cancer cells and inducing Fenton reactions. Aim of Review: Therefore, in this review we aim to present an updated summary of the reports related to the main clinical or basic application and research progress of magnetic NPs in cancer as well as their application in the synthesis of heterocyclic compounds as potential anticancer drugs. Afterwards, specific tumor microenvironment (TME)-responsive magnetic nanocatalysts for cancer treatment through triggering Fenton-like reactions were surveyed. Finally, some ignored factors in the design of magnetic nanocatalysts- triggered Fenton-like reaction, challenges and future perspective of magnetic nanocatalysts-assisted synthesis of heterocyclic compounds and selective cancer therapy were discussed.Key Scientific Concepts of Review:This review may pave the way for well-organized translation of magnetic nanocatalysts in cancer therapy from the bench to the bedside.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Compostos Heterocíclicos/farmacologia , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Catálise , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Ferro/química , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Camundongos , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Fototerapia/métodos , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
J Control Release ; 333: 91-106, 2021 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33774120

RESUMO

The bioprinting technique with specialized tissue production allows the study of biological, physiological, and behavioral changes of cancerous and non-cancerous tissues in response to pharmacological compounds in personalized medicine. To this end, to evaluate the efficacy of anticancer drugs before entering the clinical setting, tissue engineered 3D scaffolds containing breast cancer and derived from the especially patient, similar to the original tissue architecture, can potentially be used. Despite recent advances in the manufacturing of 3D bioprinted breast cancer tissue (BCT), many studies still suffer from reproducibility primarily because of the uncertainty of the materials used in the scaffolds and lack of printing methods. In this review, we present an overview of the breast cancer environment to optimize personalized treatment by examining and identifying the physiological and biological factors that mimic BCT. We also surveyed the materials and techniques related to 3D bioprinting, i.e, 3D bioprinting systems, current strategies for fabrication of 3D bioprinting tissues, cell adhesion and migration in 3D bioprinted BCT, and 3D bioprinted breast cancer metastasis models. Finally, we emphasized on the prospective future applications of 3D bioprinted cancer models for rapid and accurate drug screening in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Bioimpressão , Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Impressão Tridimensional , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte
5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 181: 605-611, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766591

RESUMO

The outbreaks of severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) in 2019, have highlighted the concerns about the lack of potential vaccines or antivirals approved for inhibition of CoVs infection. SARS-CoV-2 RNA dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) which is almost preserved across different viral species can be a potential target for development of antiviral drugs, including nucleoside analogues (NA). However, ExoN proofreading activity of CoVs leads to their protection from several NAs. Therefore, potential platforms based on the development of efficient NAs with broad-spectrum efficacy against human CoVs should be explored. This study was then aimed to present an overview on the development of NAs-based drug repurposing for targeting SARS-CoV-2 RdRp by computational analysis. Afterwards, the clinical development of some NAs including Favipiravir, Sofosbuvir, Ribavirin, Tenofovir, and Remdesivir as potential inhibitors of RdRp, were surveyed. Overall, exploring broad-spectrum NAs as promising inhibitors of RdRp may provide useful information about the identification of potential antiviral repurposed drugs against SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Nucleosídeos/farmacologia , RNA Polimerase Dependente de RNA/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , SARS-CoV-2/enzimologia , Monofosfato de Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Monofosfato de Adenosina/farmacologia , Alanina/análogos & derivados , Alanina/farmacologia , Antivirais/farmacologia , COVID-19/virologia , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos/métodos , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , RNA Polimerase Dependente de RNA/antagonistas & inibidores
6.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; 39(8): 3025-3033, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32274964

RESUMO

The widespread antigenic changes lead to the emergence of a new type of coronavirus (CoV) called as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV-2 that is immunologically different from the previous circulating species. Angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE-2) is one of the most important receptors on the cell membrane of the host cells (HCs) which its interaction with spike protein (SP) with a furin-cleavage site results in the SARS-CoV-2 invasion. Hence, in this review, we presented an overview on the interaction of ACE-2 and furin with SP. As several kinds of CoVs, from various genera, have at their S1/S2 binding site a preserved site, we further surveyed the role of furin cleavage site (FCS) on the life cycle of the CoV. Furthermore, we discussed that the small molecular inhibitors can limit the interaction of ACE-2 and furin with SP and can be used as potential therapeutic platforms to combat the spreading CoV epidemic. Finally, some ongoing challenges and future prospects for the development of potential drugs to promote targeting specific activities of the CoV were reviewed. In conclusion, this review may pave the way for providing useful information about different compounds involved in improving the effectiveness of CoV vaccine or drugs with minimum toxicity against human health.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Furina , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , Angiotensinas , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus
7.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; 39(10): 3771-3779, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32397906

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative representative of a severe respiratory illness resulted in widespread human infections and deaths in nearly all of the countries since late 2019. There is no therapeutic FDA-approved drug against SARS-CoV-2 infection, although a combination of anti-viral drugs is directly being practiced in some countries. A broad-spectrum of antiviral agents are being currently evaluated in clinical trials, and in this review, we specifically focus on the application of Remdesivir (RVD) as a potential anti-viral compound against Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) -CoV, SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2. First, we overview the general information about SARS-CoV-2, followed by application of RDV as a nucleotide analogue which can potentially inhibits RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of COVs. Afterwards, we discussed the kinetics of SARS- or MERS-CoV proliferation in animal models which is significantly different compared to that in humans. Finally, some ongoing challenges and future perspective on the application of RDV either alone or in combination with other anti-viral agents against CoVs infection were surveyed to determine the efficiency of RDV in preclinical trials. As a result, this paper provides crucial evidence of the potency of RDV to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infections.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.


Assuntos
Antivirais , COVID-19 , RNA Polimerase Dependente de RNA , Monofosfato de Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Alanina/análogos & derivados , Animais , Antivirais/farmacologia , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Humanos , RNA Polimerase Dependente de RNA/antagonistas & inibidores , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; 39(10): 3780-3786, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32397951

RESUMO

Researchers have reported some useful information about the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) leading to CoV disease 2019 (COVID-19). Several studies have been performed in order to develop antiviral drugs, from which a few have been prescribed to patients. Also, several diagnostic tests have been designed to accelerate the process of identifying and treating COVID-19. It has been well-documented that the surface of host cells is covered by some receptors, known as angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which mediates the binding and entry of CoV. After entering, the viral RNA interrupts the cell proliferation system to activate self-proliferation. However, having all the information about the outbreakof the SARS-COV-2, it is not still clear which factors determine the severity of lung and heart function impairment induced by COVID-19. A major step in exploring SARS-COV-2 pathogenesis is to determine the distribution of ACE2 in different tissues . In this review, the structure and origin of CoV, the role of ACE2 as a receptor of SARS-COV-2 on the surface of host cells, and the ACE2 distribution in different tissues with a focus on lung and cardiovascular system have been discussed. It was also revealed that acute and chronic cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) may result in the clinical severity of COVID-19. In conclusion, this review may provide useful information in developing some promising strategies to end up with a worldwide COVID-19 pandemic.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , COVID-19 , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Coração , Humanos , Pulmão , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
9.
Talanta ; 223(Pt 1): 121704, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33303154

RESUMO

The rapid outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) around the world is a tragic and shocking event that demonstrates the unpreparedness of humans to develop quick diagnostic platforms for novel infectious diseases. In fact, statistical reports of diagnostic tools show that their accuracy, specificity and sensitivity in the detection of COVID hampered by some challenges that can be eliminated by using nanoparticles (NPs). In this study, we aimed to present an overview on the most important ways to diagnose different kinds of viruses followed by the introduction of nanobiosensors. Afterward, some methods of COVID-19 detection such as imaging, laboratory and kit-based diagnostic tests are surveyed. Furthermore, nucleic acids/protein- and immunoglobulin (Ig)-based nanobiosensors for the COVID-19 detection infection are reviewed. Finally, current challenges and future perspective for the development of diagnostic or monitoring technologies in the control of COVID-19 are discussed to persuade the scientists in advancing their technologies beyond imagination. In conclusion, it can be deduced that as rapid COVID-19 detection infection can play a vital role in disease control and treatment, this review may be of great help for controlling the COVID-19 outbreak by providing some necessary information for the development of portable, accurate, selectable and simple nanobiosensors.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Nanotecnologia , Humanos , Kit de Reagentes para Diagnóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
10.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 119: 111649, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33321685

RESUMO

The interaction of nanoparticles with protein and cells may provide important information regarding their biomedical implementations. Herein, after synthesis of tin oxide (SnO2) nanoparticles by hydrothermal method, their interaction with human serum albumin (HSA) was evaluated by multispectroscopic and molecular docking (MD) approaches. Furthermore, the selective antiproliferative impact of SnO2 nanoparticles against leukemia K562 cells was assessed by different cellular assays, whereas lymphocytes were used as control cells. TEM, DLS, zeta potential and XRD techniques showed that crystalline SnO2 nanoparticles have a size of less than 50 nm with a good colloidal stability. Fluorescence and CD spectroscopy analysis indicated that the HSA undergoes some slight conformational changes after interaction with SnO2 nanoparticles, whereas the secondary structure of HSA remains intact. Moreover, MD outcomes revealed that the charged residues of HSA preferentially bind to SnO2 nanoclusters in the binding pocket. Antiproliferative examinations displayed that SnO2 nanoparticles can selectively cause the mortality of K562 cells through induction of cell membrane leakage, activation of caspase-9, -8, -3, down regulation of Bcl-2 mRNA, the elevation of ROS level, S phase arrest, and apoptosis. In conclusion, this data may indicate that SnO2 nanoparticles can be used as promising particles to be integrated into therapeutic platforms.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Compostos de Estanho , Humanos , Células K562 , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
11.
Talanta ; 224: 121805, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33379031

RESUMO

Researchers have recently introduced some artificial enzymes based on nanomaterials that show significant catalytic activity relative to native enzymes called nanozyme. These nanozymes show superior performance than conventional catalysts and are considered as fascinating candidates for introducing the next generation of biomaterials in various industrial and biomedical fields. Recently, nanozymes have received a great deal of attention in biomedical applications due to their potential properties such as long-term stability, low cost, mass production capability, and controllable catalytic activity. Due to the intrinsic catalytic activity of nanoparticles (NPs) as nanozymes and their ability to be regulated in biomedical processes, this review paper focuses on the in vivo applications of nanozymes in biosensing and therapeutic activities. Despite the challenges and benefits of each approach, this paper attempts to provide an appropriate motivation for the classification of different nanozymes followed by their application in biomedical activities including in vivo biosensing and therapeutic potential in cancer, inflammation and microbial infections. Finally, some ongoing challenges and future perspective of nanozymes in biomedical application were surveyed. In conclusion, this paper may provide useful information regarding the development of nanozymes as promising platforms in biomedical settings due to expedited diagnosis, the advancement of multifactorial therapies and their pronounced stability.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Nanoestruturas , Neoplasias , Catálise , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
12.
ACS Omega ; 5(48): 31011-31018, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33324809

RESUMO

Many advantageous properties of cross-linked polymers relate to their network structures. In this study, network structures of three DGEBA-based epoxy systems at various DGEBA monomer sizes were investigated via equilibrium swelling and glass transition behavior. Each system was cured with a tetra-functional diamine, 4,4'-methylenebiscyclohexanamine, in the presence of a nonreactive solvent, i.e., THF at a solvent-to-monomer volume fraction ranging from 0 to 92%. Experimental results revealed that the conventional swelling model (the Dusek model) accurately calculates M c values of the cured gels prepared in moderate dilute environments, up to approximately 60% by volume of THF. For gels cured in extreme dilute environments, i.e., in the presence of above 60% by volume of THF, the calculated M c values using the Dusek model were found to increase sharply as a function of the initial solvent content. The observed dramatic increase in M c values was not supported by the dry T g of the identical polymer systems. In fact, the dry T g values of the polymer systems were found to be relatively insensitive to the initial solvent content. A modification was proposed to the Dusek model that incorporates an additional term, which accounts for the probability of finding elastic chains in a polymer network. Using the modified equation, M c values were varied as expected with the molecular weight of DGEBA and insensitive to the amount of the solvent initially used during cure. Furthermore, the modified M c values were shown to be consistent with the dry T g values in view of the Fox and Loshaek model.

13.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 6(12): 6460-6477, 2020 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320615

RESUMO

In recent years, an increasing rate of mortality due to myocardial infarction (MI) has led to the development of nanobased platforms, especially gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), as promising nanomaterials for diagnosis and treatment of MI. These promising NPs have been used to develop different nanobiosensors, mainly optical sensors for early detection of biomarkers as well as biomimetic/bioinspired platforms for cardiac tissue engineering (CTE). Therefore, in this Review, we presented an overview on the potential application of AuNPs as optical (surface plasmon resonance, colorimetric, fluorescence, and chemiluminescence) nanobiosensors for early diagnosis and prognosis of MI. On the other hand, we discussed the potential application of AuNPs either alone or with other NPs/polymers as promising three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds to regulate the microenvironment and mimic the morphological and electrical features of cardiac cells for potential application in CTE. Furthermore, we presented the challenges and ongoing efforts associated with the application of AuNPs in the diagnosis and treatment of MI. In conclusion, this Review may provide outstanding information regarding the development of AuNP-based technology as a promising platform for current MI treatment approaches.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Infarto do Miocárdio , Colorimetria , Ouro , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície
14.
J Adv Res ; 26: 137-147, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33133689

RESUMO

Background: Microscopic patches as quite promising platforms in transdermal drug delivery suffer from conventional injections. In other hand, a wide range of pharmacokinetics, ranging from fast oral administration to sustained drug delivery, can be implemented with the help of microneedle arrays (MNAs). Aim of Review: Hence, in this paper, we overviewed different kinds of MNAs such as solid/coated, hollow, porous, hydrogel/swellable, and merged-tip geometry followed by introducing different types of material (silicon, glass, ceramics, dissolving and biodegradable polymers, and hydrogel) used for fabrication of MNAs. Afterwards, some conventional and brand-new simple and customizable MN mold fabrication techniques were surveyed. Polymeric MNAs have received a great deal of attention due to their potential biocompatibility and biodegradability in comparison to other materials. Therefore, we also covered different kinds of polymers such as hydrogel/swellable, dissolving and biodegradable analogues used for the development of MNAs as potential candidates in drug delivery systems (DDSs). Finally, we discussed different challenges and future perspectives in the aspect of MNAs-based drug delivery platforms. Key Scientific Concepts of Review: This review may provide guidelines for the rational design of polymeric MNAs-based DDSs for promising programmable drug release and enhanced therapeutic effect.

15.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 130: 110559, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768882

RESUMO

As the number of people infected with the newly identified 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV2) is continuously increasing every day, development of potential therapeutic platforms is vital. Based on the comparatively high similarity of receptor-binding domain (RBD) in SARS-CoV2 and SARS-CoV, it seems crucial to assay the cross-reactivity of anti-SARS-CoV monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with SARS-CoV2 spike (S)-protein. Indeed, developing mAbs targeting SARS-CoV2 S-protein RBD could show novel applications for rapid and sensitive development of potential epitope-specific vaccines (ESV). Herein, we present an overview on the discovery of new CoV followed by some explanation on the SARS-CoV2 S-protein RBD site. Furthermore, we surveyed the novel therapeutic mAbs for targeting S-protein RBD such as S230, 80R, F26G18, F26G19, CR3014, CR3022, M396, and S230.15. Afterwards, the mechanism of interaction of RBD and different mAbs were explained and it was suggested that one of the SARS-CoV-specific human mAbs, namely CR3022, could show the highest binding affinity with SARS-CoV2 S-protein RBD. Finally, some ongoing challenges and future prospects for rapid and sensitive advancement of therapeutic mAbs targeting S-protein RBD were discussed. In conclusion, it may be proposed that this review may pave the way for recognition of RBD and different mAbs to develop potential therapeutic ESV.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/química , Anticorpos Monoclonais/metabolismo , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/química , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/metabolismo , Anticorpos Antivirais/química , Anticorpos Antivirais/metabolismo , Afinidade de Anticorpos , Reações Antígeno-Anticorpo , Antígenos Virais/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação de Anticorpos , COVID-19 , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Coronavirus/química , Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Epitopos/imunologia , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Filogenia , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , SARS-CoV-2 , Alinhamento de Sequência , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/química , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Vacinas Virais/imunologia
16.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4607-4623, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32636621

RESUMO

Aim: The interaction of NPs with biological systems may reveal useful details about their pharmacodynamic, anticancer and antibacterial effects. Methods: Herein, the interaction of as-synthesized Co3O4 NPs with HSA was explored by different kinds of fluorescence and CD spectroscopic methods, as well as molecular docking studies. Also, the anticancer effect of Co3O4 NPs against leukemia K562 cells was investigated by MTT, LDH, caspase, real-time PCR, ROS, cell cycle, and apoptosis assays. Afterwards, the antibacterial effects of Co3O4 NPs against three pathogenic bacteria were disclosed by antibacterial assays. Results: Different characterization methods such as TEM, DLS, zeta potential and XRD studies proved that fabricated Co3O4 NPs by sol-gel method have a diameter of around 50 nm, hydrodynamic radius of 177 nm with a charge distribution of -33.04 mV and a well-defined crystalline phase. Intrinsic, extrinsic, and synchronous fluorescence as well as CD studies, respectively, showed that the HSA undergoes some fluorescence quenching, minor conformational changes, microenvironmental changes as well as no structural changes in the secondary structure, after interaction with Co3O4 NPs. Molecular docking results also verified that the spherical clusters with a dimension of 1.5 nm exhibit the most binding energy with HSA molecules. Anticancer assays demonstrated that Co3O4 NPs can selectively lead to the reduction of K562 cell viability through the cell membrane damage, activation of caspase-9, -8 and -3, elevation of Bax/Bcl-2 mRNA ratio, ROS production, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. Finally, antibacterial assays disclosed that Co3O4 NPs can stimulate a promising antibacterial effect against pathogenic bacteria. Conclusion: In general, these observations can provide useful information for the early stages of nanomaterial applications in therapeutic platforms.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cobalto/química , Cobalto/farmacologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Óxidos/química , Óxidos/farmacologia , Albumina Sérica Humana/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cobalto/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células K562 , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Óxidos/metabolismo , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Albumina Sérica Humana/química , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Difração de Raios X
17.
Talanta ; 217: 121091, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498898

RESUMO

Nanobiosensors have played a key role as portable devices in the rapid breast cancer diagnosis and in clinical medicine like point-of-care devices. However, understanding biomarkers and nanomaterials is crucial for improving the performance of nanobiosensors for all stages of different diseases or treatment. Therefore, this study not only investigates the effect of biomarkers and nanomaterials such as metallic, carbon structures and quantum dot on the accuracy of nanobiosensors for early detection of breast cancer, but also exhibits how they are used in vivo and in vitro and their application in point-of-care devices for personalized cancer diagnosis. Afterwards, application of fluidics and microchips as point-of-care nanobiosensors in the early detection of biomarkers associated with breast cancer diagnosis was discussed. Furthermore, the integration of nanobiosensors in nanomotors platforms for the treatment of breast cancer was overviewed. Finally, the ongoing challenges and future trends on the detection limit of nanobiosensors, their application in point-of-care clinical diagnostics and the approaches implemented for their improvements by highlighting the successful reports on the revolution of personalized diagnostics were surveyed.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Nanotecnologia , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Feminino , Humanos
18.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 129: 110442, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593129

RESUMO

Exosomes are biological nanoparticles (30-150 nm) secreted in the extracellular area from all of cells, that mediate intercellular message. Exosomes act as the carriers for numerous proteins, DNAs, RNAs and cell-signaling molecules. Therefore, exosomes secreted by the tumor cells are useful for diagnostic purposes because of their persistent presence in the blood and their provision of genetic cargo similar to those in tumor. Due to the risks of aggressive activity and ambiguity of biological activity in other tissues, the use of exosomes in drug delivery and imaging has been limited. However, their high loading, stability and longer circulation time, excellent targeting, high cell penetration performance, and optimal biodegradability have made them potential agents in targeted cancer treatment. Therefore, in addition to examining methods for isolating and loading exosomes, this paper discusses the applications of exosomes in biological measurement, imaging, and therapeutic activities. Also, this review describes the challenges of using exosomes compared to conventional methods and shows that it is very useful to use them due to less aggressive activities. Finally, this review attempts to provide an appropriate incentive by showing the performance of exosomes in cancer therapy through targeted drug delivery, gene therapy, imaging and diagnosis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Portadores de Fármacos , Exossomos/transplante , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Terapia Genética , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/terapia , Animais , Composição de Medicamentos , Humanos , Nanomedicina , Neoplasias/genética
19.
Talanta ; 215: 120939, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32312429

RESUMO

Mercury (Hg) is known as a poisonous heavy metal which stimulates a wide range of adverse effects on the human health. Therefore, development of some feasible, practical and highly sensitive platforms would be desirable in determination of Hg2+ level as low as nmol L-1 or pmol L-1. Different approaches such as ICP-MS, AAS/AES, and nanomaterial-based nanobiosensors have been manipulated for determination of Hg2+ level. However, these approaches suffer from expensive instruments and complicated sample preparation. Recently, nanozymes have been assembled to address some disadvantages of conventional methods in the detection of Hg2+. Along with the outstanding progress in nanotechnology and computational approaches, pronounced improvement has been attained in the field of nanozymes, recently. To accentuate these progresses, this review presents an overview on the different reports of Hg2+-induced toxicity on the different tissues followed by various conventional approaches validated for the determination of Hg2+ level. Afterwards, different types of nanozymes like AuNPs, PtNPs for quantitative detection of Hg2+ were surveyed. Finally, the current challenges and the future directions were explored to alleviate the limitation of nanozyme-based platforms with potential engineering in detection of heavy metals, namely Hg2+. The current overview can provide outstanding information to develop nano-based platforms for improvement of LOD and LOQ of analytical methods in sensitive detection of Hg2+ and other heavy metals.

20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 156: 153-170, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32229203

RESUMO

Electrospinning is one of the most promising techniques for generating porous, nonwoven, and submicron fiber-based membranes for various applications such as catalysis, sensing, tissue engineering and wound healing. Wide range of biopolymers including chitosan can be used to generate submicron fibrous membranes. Owing to the extra cellular matrix (ECM) mimicking property, exudate uptake capacity, biocompatibility, antibacterial activity and biodegradability, electrospun membranes based on chitosan loaded with biologically active agents can play important role in wound healing applications. In order to improve the mechanical stability, degradation, antimicrobial property, vascularization potential and wound healing capacity, various active components such as other polymers, therapeutic agents, nanoparticles and biomolecules were introduced. Approaches such as coaxial electrospinning with other polymers have also been tried to improve the properties of chitosan membranes. To improve the mechanical stability under in vivo conditions, various crosslinking strategies ranging from physical, chemical and biological approaches were also tried by researchers. Electrospun chitosan meshes have also been designed in a highly specialized manner with specific functionalities to deal with the challenging wound environment of diabetic and burn wounds. This review provides a detailed overview of electrospun chitosan-based membranes containing various bioactive and therapeutic agents in the perspective of wound healing and skin regeneration.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Quitosana/química , Quitosana/uso terapêutico , Membranas Artificiais , Nanofibras/envenenamento , Nanofibras/uso terapêutico , Ferimentos e Lesões/tratamento farmacológico , Materiais Biocompatíveis/síntese química , Quitosana/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Humanos , Nanofibras/química , Cicatrização
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