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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 6719, 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33762590

RESUMO

To achieve seizure freedom, epilepsy surgery requires the complete resection of the epileptogenic brain tissue. In intraoperative electrocorticography (ECoG) recordings, high frequency oscillations (HFOs) generated by epileptogenic tissue can be used to tailor the resection margin. However, automatic detection of HFOs in real-time remains an open challenge. Here we present a spiking neural network (SNN) for automatic HFO detection that is optimally suited for neuromorphic hardware implementation. We trained the SNN to detect HFO signals measured from intraoperative ECoG on-line, using an independently labeled dataset (58 min, 16 recordings). We targeted the detection of HFOs in the fast ripple frequency range (250-500 Hz) and compared the network results with the labeled HFO data. We endowed the SNN with a novel artifact rejection mechanism to suppress sharp transients and demonstrate its effectiveness on the ECoG dataset. The HFO rates (median 6.6 HFO/min in pre-resection recordings) detected by this SNN are comparable to those published in the dataset (Spearman's [Formula: see text] = 0.81). The postsurgical seizure outcome was "predicted" with 100% (CI [63 100%]) accuracy for all 8 patients. These results provide a further step towards the construction of a real-time portable battery-operated HFO detection system that can be used during epilepsy surgery to guide the resection of the epileptogenic zone.

2.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 21261, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33277523

RESUMO

This paper reports on the design, development, and test of a multi-channel wireless micro-electrocorticography (µECoG) system. The system consists of a semi-implantable, ultra-compact recording unit and an external unit, interfaced through a 2.4 GHz radio frequency data telemetry link with 2 Mbps (partially used) data transfer rate. Encased in a 3D-printed 2.9 cm × 2.9 cm × 2.5 cm cubic package, the semi-implantable recording unit consists of a microelectrode array, a vertically-stacked PCB platform containing off-the-shelf components, and commercially-available small-size 3.7-V, 50 mAh lithium-ion batteries. Two versions of microelectrode array were developed for the recording unit: a rigid 4 × 2 microelectrode array, and a flexible 12 × 6 microelectrode array, 36 of which routed to bonding pads for actual recording. The external unit comprises a transceiver board, a data acquisition board, and a host computer, on which reconstruction of the received signals is performed. After development, assembly, and integration, the system was tested and validated in vivo on anesthetized rats. The system successfully recorded both spontaneous and evoked activities from the brain of the subject.

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