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1.
Nano Lett ; 20(5): 2986-2992, 2020 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208703

RESUMO

We compute the dielectric properties of freestanding and metal-supported borophene from first-principles time-dependent density functional theory. We find that both the low- and high-energy plasmons of borophene are fully quenched by the presence of a metallic substrate at borophene-metal distances smaller than ≃9 Å. Based on these findings, we derive an electrodynamic model of the interacting, momentum-dependent polarizability for a two-dimensional metal on a model metallic substrate, which quantitatively captures the evolution of the dielectric properties of borophene as a function of metal-borophene distance. Applying this model to a series of metallic substrates, we show that maximizing the plasmon energy detuning between borophene and substrate is the key material descriptor for plasmonic performance.

2.
J Phys Chem A ; 2020 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049528

RESUMO

π-stacked organic electronic materials are tunable light absorbers with many potential applications in optoelectronics. The optical properties of such molecules are highly dependent on the nature and energy of electron-hole pairs or excitons formed upon light absorption, which in turn are determined by intra- and intermolecular electronic and vibrational excitations. Here, we present a first-principles approach for describing the optical spectrum of stacked organic molecules with strong vibronic coupling. For stacked perylene tetracarboxylic acid diimides, we describe optical excitations by using the time-dependent density functional theory with a Franck-Condon Herzberg-Teller approximation of vibronic effects and validate our approach with comparison to experimental ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) absorption measurements of solvated model systems. We determine that for larger macromolecules, unlike for single molecules, the sampling of the ground-state potential energy surface significantly influences the optical absorption spectrum. We account for this effect by applying our analysis to ∼100 structures extracted from equilibrated molecular dynamics simulations and averaging the optical spectrum over the entire ensemble. Additionally, we demonstrate that intermolecular electronic coupling within the stacks results in multiple low-energy electronically excited states that all contribute to the optical spectrum. This study provides a computationally feasible recipe for describing the spectroscopic properties of stacked organic chromophores via first-principles density functional theory.

3.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(11): 2842-2848, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002517

RESUMO

We present a first-principles many-body perturbation theory study of the role of intermolecular coupling in the optoelectronic properties of a one-dimensional (1D) π-stacked nanowire composed of perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic diimide molecules on a DNA-like backbone. We determine that strong intermolecular electronic coupling results in large bandwidths and low carrier effective masses, suggesting a high-electron mobility material. Additionally, by including the role of finite-temperature phonons on optical absorption via a newly presented approach, we predict that the optical absorption spectrum  is significantly altered from that at zero temperature due to allowed indirect transitions, while the exciton delocalization and binding energy, a measure of intermolecular electronic interactions, remains constant. Overall, our studies indicate that strong intermolecular coupling can dominate the optoelectronic properties of π-conjugated 1D systems even at room temperature.

4.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 30(15): 153002, 2018 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29460855

RESUMO

Semiconductors composed of organic molecules are promising as components for flexible and inexpensive optoelectronic devices, with many recent studies aimed at understanding their electronic and optical properties. In particular, computational modeling of these complex materials has provided new understanding of the underlying properties which give rise to their excited-state phenomena. This article provides an overview of recent many-body perturbation theory (MBPT) studies of optical excitations within organic molecules and solids. We discuss the accuracy of MBPT within the GW/BSE approach in predicting excitation energies and absorption spectra, and assess the impact of two commonly used approximations, the DFT starting point and the Tamm-Dancoff approximation. Moreover, we summarize studies that elucidate the role of solid-state structure on the nature of excitons in organic crystals. These studies show that a rich physical understanding of organic materials can be obtained from GW/BSE.

5.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(2): 284-289, 2018 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29279373

RESUMO

Organic materials are promising candidates for advanced optoelectronics and are used in light-emitting diodes and photovoltaics. However, the underlying mechanisms allowing the formation of excited states responsible for device functionality, such as exciton generation and charge separation, are insufficiently understood. This is partly due to the wide range of existing crystalline polymorphs depending on sample preparation conditions. Here, we determine the linear optical response of thin-film single-crystal perylene samples of distinct polymorphs in transmission and reflection geometries. The sample quality allows for unprecedented high-resolution spectroscopy, which offers an ideal opportunity for judicious comparison between theory and experiment. Excellent agreement with first-principles calculations for the absorption based on the GW plus Bethe-Salpeter equation (GW-BSE) approach of many-body perturbation theory (MBPT) is obtained, from which a clear picture of the low-lying excitations in perylene emerges, including evidence of an exciton-polariton stopband, as well as an assessment of the commonly used Tamm-Dancoff approximation to the GW-BSE approach. Our findings on this well-controlled system can guide understanding and development of advanced molecular solids and functionalization for applications.

6.
ACS Omega ; 2(11): 8290-8299, 2017 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31457368

RESUMO

Two-dimensional boron (borophene) is a promising, newly synthesized monolayer metal with promising electronic and optical properties. Borophene has only been recently synthesized on silver substrates, and displays a variety of crystal structures and substrate-induced strains depending on the growth conditions and surface orientation. Here, we present an extensive first-principles study of the structural and optoelectronic properties of the two proposed structures of borophene, ß12 and δ6, under strain. With a density functional theory analysis, we determine that the optical absorbance and electronic band structure are continuously tunable upon application of few percent of strain. Although both structures remain metallic with moderate strains of up to 6% applied, key features of the band structure, as well as the inplane anisotropy of the complex dielectric function and optical absorption, can be significantly modified.

7.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 55(46): 14267-14271, 2016 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27714900

RESUMO

Advanced molecular electronic components remain vital for the next generation of miniaturized integrated circuits. Thus, much research effort has been devoted to the discovery of lossless molecular wires, for which the charge transport rate or conductivity is not attenuated with length in the tunneling regime. Herein, we report the synthesis and electrochemical interrogation of DNA-like molecular wires. We determine that the rate of electron transfer through these constructs is independent of their length and propose a plausible mechanism to explain our findings. The reported approach holds relevance for the development of high-performance molecular electronic components and the fundamental study of charge transport phenomena in organic semiconductors.

8.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 11(12): 5665-87, 2015 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26642984

RESUMO

We present the GW100 set. GW100 is a benchmark set of the ionization potentials and electron affinities of 100 molecules computed with the GW method using three independent GW codes and different GW methodologies. The quasi-particle energies of the highest-occupied molecular orbitals (HOMO) and lowest-unoccupied molecular orbitals (LUMO) are calculated for the GW100 set at the G0W0@PBE level using the software packages TURBOMOLE, FHI-aims, and BerkeleyGW. The use of these three codes allows for a quantitative comparison of the type of basis set (plane wave or local orbital) and handling of unoccupied states, the treatment of core and valence electrons (all electron or pseudopotentials), the treatment of the frequency dependence of the self-energy (full frequency or more approximate plasmon-pole models), and the algorithm for solving the quasi-particle equation. Primary results include reference values for future benchmarks, best practices for convergence within a particular approach, and average error bars for the most common approximations.

9.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 11(1): 147-56, 2015 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26574213

RESUMO

The lowest-lying electronic excited states of pentacene and its oligomers are investigated using accurate multireference wave function methods (CASPT2/CASSCF) and the many-body Greens's function approach (GW/BSE). The results obtained for dimers and trimers of different geometry reveal a complex electronic structure, which includes locally excited, charge transfer, and multiexciton states. For singlets of single-excitation character, both approaches yield excitation energies that are in good overall quantitative agreement. While the multiexciton states are located relatively high in energy in all systems investigated, charge transfer states exist in close proximity to the lowest-lying absorbing states. The implications of the results for the mechanisms of singlet fission in pentacene are discussed.

10.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 10(5): 1934-1952, 2014 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24839410

RESUMO

Density functional theory with optimally tuned range-separated hybrid (OT-RSH) functionals has been recently suggested [Refaely-Abramson et al. Phys. Rev. Lett.2012, 109, 226405] as a nonempirical approach to predict the outer-valence electronic structure of molecules with the same accuracy as many-body perturbation theory. Here, we provide a quantitative evaluation of the OT-RSH approach by examining its performance in predicting the outer-valence electron spectra of several prototypical gas-phase molecules, from aromatic rings (benzene, pyridine, and pyrimidine) to more complex organic systems (terpyrimidinethiol and copper phthalocyanine). For a range up to several electronvolts away from the frontier orbital energies, we find that the outer-valence electronic structure obtained from the OT-RSH method agrees very well (typically within ∼0.1-0.2 eV) with both experimental photoemission and theoretical many-body perturbation theory data in the GW approximation. In particular, we find that with new strategies for an optimal choice of the short-range fraction of Fock exchange, the OT-RSH approach offers a balanced description of localized and delocalized states. We discuss in detail the sole exception found-a high-symmetry orbital, particular to small aromatic rings, which is relatively deep inside the valence state manifold. Overall, the OT-RSH method is an accurate DFT-based method for outer-valence electronic structure prediction for such systems and is of essentially the same level of accuracy as contemporary GW approaches, at a reduced computational cost.

11.
Phys Rev Lett ; 109(22): 226405, 2012 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23368141

RESUMO

We present a method for obtaining outer-valence quasiparticle excitation energies from a density-functional-theory-based calculation, with an accuracy that is comparable to that of many-body perturbation theory within the GW approximation. The approach uses a range-separated hybrid density functional, with an asymptotically exact and short-range fractional Fock exchange. The functional contains two parameters, the range separation and the short-range Fock fraction. Both are determined nonempirically, per system, on the basis of the satisfaction of exact physical constraints for the ionization potential and frontier-orbital many-electron self-interaction, respectively. The accuracy of the method is demonstrated on four important benchmark organic molecules: perylene, pentacene, 3,4,9,10-perylene-tetracarboxylic-dianydride (PTCDA), and 1,4,5,8-naphthalene-tetracarboxylic-dianhydride (NTCDA). We envision that for the outer-valence excitation spectra of finite systems the approach could provide an inexpensive alternative to GW, opening the door to the study of presently out of reach large-scale systems.

12.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 21(35): 355501, 2009 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21828636

RESUMO

Embedded correlated wavefunction (ECW) theory is used to characterize the Kondo states formed by Co atoms adsorbed on Ag(111) and Ag(100). Clusters containing the adatom are described with CW theory, while effects of the extended crystal are included via an embedding potential. The predicted Co d-electronic structure, combined with earlier predictions for Co on Cu surfaces, explains the different tunneling behavior observed with the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) for Co adsorbed on different coinage metal surfaces.

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