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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32033753

RESUMO

Transplantation of neural stem cells (NSCs) or NSC-derived neurons into the brain is a promising therapeutic approach to restore neuronal function. Rapid progress in the NSCs research field, particularly due to the exploitation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), offers great potential and an unlimited source of stem cell-derived neural grafts. Studying the functional integration of these grafts into host brain tissues and their effects on each other have been boosted by the implementation of optogenetic technologies. Optogenetics provides high spatiotemporal functional manipulations of grafted or host neurons in parallel. This review aims to highlight the impact of optogenetics in neural stem cell transplantations.

2.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124689, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524624

RESUMO

Pharmaceutical effluents released from industries are accountable to deteriorate the aquatic and soil environment through indirect toxic effects. Microbes are adequately been used to biodegrade pharmaceutical industry wastewater and present study was envisaged to determine biodegradation of pharmaceutical effluent by Micrococcus yunnanensis. The strain showed 42.82% COD (Chemical oxygen demand) reduction before optimization. After applying Taguchi's L8 array as an optimization technique, the biodegradation rate was enhanced by 82.95% at optimum conditions (dextrose- 0.15%, peptone 0.1%, inoculum size 4% (wv-1), rpm 200, pH 8 at 25 °C) within 6 h. The confirmation of pharmaceuticals degradation was done by 1H NMR (Nuclear magnetic resonance) studies followed by elucidation of transformation pathways of probable drugs in the effluent through Q-Tof-MS (Quadrupole Time of Flight- Mass Spectrometry). The cytotoxicity evaluation of treated and untreated wastewater was analyzed on Human Embryonic Kidney (HEK 293) cells using Alamar Blue assay, which showed significant variance.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Resíduos Industriais/análise , Micrococcus/metabolismo , Preparações Farmacêuticas/análise , Águas Residuárias/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , Linhagem Celular , Indústria Farmacêutica , Células HEK293 , Humanos
3.
Drug Deliv ; 23(3): 694-709, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24904976

RESUMO

Hyperlipidemia is a prevailing risk factor that leads to development and progression of atherosclerosis and consequently cardiovascular diseases. Several antihyperlipidemic drugs are having various disadvantages such as low water solubility and poor bioavailabilty due to presystemic gastrointestinal clearance. Thus, there is a considerable need for the development of efficient delivery methods and carriers. This review focuses on the importance and role of various nanoparticulate systems as carrier for antihyperlipidemic drugs in the treatment of hyperlipidemia. Some nanoparticle technology-based products are approved by FDA for effective treatment of hyperlipidemia, namely Tricor® by Abbott Laboratories (Chicago, IL, USA) and Triglide® by Skye Pharma (London, UK). Efforts to address each of these issues are going on, and should remain the focus on the future studies and look forward to many more clinical products in the future.


Assuntos
Portadores de Fármacos/administração & dosagem , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas/química , Animais , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Humanos , Hipolipemiantes/administração & dosagem , Hipolipemiantes/química
4.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 44(6): 1448-56, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25960179

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The obejctive of the present study was to investigate the potential use of floating spheroids of Atorvastatin Calcium (ATS) Loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The final formula of floating spheroids was optimized on the basis of shape (spherical), diameter (0.47 mm), lag time (20 s), and floating time (> 32 h). RESULTS: The results were further confirmed by different pharmacokinetic parameters-it was observed that the developed optimized floating ATS spheroid-loaded NLCs formulation has significantly improved relative bioavailability, that is, 3.053-folds through oral route in comparison to marketed formulation.


Assuntos
Atorvastatina , Portadores de Fármacos , Administração Oral , Animais , Atorvastatina/química , Atorvastatina/farmacocinética , Atorvastatina/farmacologia , Portadores de Fármacos/síntese química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Portadores de Fármacos/farmacocinética , Portadores de Fármacos/farmacologia , Feminino , Gravidez , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
5.
J Clin Diagn Res ; 9(11): EC01-3, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26673082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dengue is the most rapidly spreading mosquito-borne viral disease in the world. Dengue fever (DF) with its severe manifestations such as dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS) has emerged as a major public health problem of international concern. Thrombocytopenia and bleeding are common complications of dengue fever, hence besides platelet counts, there is a need to assess the role of mean platelet volume. AIMS: Studying association of mean platelet volume (MPV) with severity, serology & treatment outcome to assess its prognostic utility, which can be of great help in limiting morbidity & mortality associated with dengue fever. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted in Central Pathology Lab of SMS Medical College & Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan from the period of March 2013 till October 2013. Blood samples were collected from 200 patients with NS 1 Antigen positivity experiencing febrile illness, clinically consistent with dengue infection. Evaluation of platelet counts, MPV, IgM and IgG antibodies was done in all these cases. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Categorical data were presented as numbers (percent) and were compared among groups using Chi-square test. Groups compared for demographic data were presented as mean and standard deviation and were compared using student t-test, ANOVA and Post-Hoc Test, Tukey Test using SPSS, version 20 for Windows. RESULTS: A total of 200 Dengue fever cases were studied. Out of which, 68% cases were of DF, 23% DHF & 9% DSS i.e. classical dengue fever was most common presentation. Maximum (44%) cases were in age group of 15-24 years. Fever was the presenting complaint in all cases (100%). 98% cases of dengue had thrombocytopenia. MPV showed no significant correlation with severity, serology & treatment outcome, thus excluding its role in dengue cases. CONCLUSION: Mean platelet volume is not important as prognostic parameter in dengue fever.

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