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1.
Elife ; 102021 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608863

RESUMO

The Connexin43 gap junction gene GJA1 has one coding exon, but its mRNA undergoes internal translation to generate N-terminal truncated isoforms of Connexin43 with the predominant isoform being only 20 kDa in size (GJA1-20k). Endogenous GJA1-20k protein is not membrane bound and has been found to increase in response to ischemic stress, localize to mitochondria, and mimic ischemic preconditioning protection in the heart. However, it is not known how GJA1-20k benefits mitochondria to provide this protection. Here, using human cells and mice, we identify that GJA1-20k polymerizes actin around mitochondria which induces focal constriction sites. Mitochondrial fission events occur within about 45 s of GJA1-20k recruitment of actin. Interestingly, GJA1-20k mediated fission is independent of canonical Dynamin-Related Protein 1 (DRP1). We find that GJA1-20k-induced smaller mitochondria have decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and, in hearts, provide potent protection against ischemia-reperfusion injury. The results indicate that stress responsive internally translated GJA1-20k stabilizes polymerized actin filaments to stimulate non-canonical mitochondrial fission which limits ischemic-reperfusion induced myocardial infarction.

2.
Cell Death Differ ; 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628485

RESUMO

The p53 transcription factor coordinates wide-ranging responses to stress that contribute to its function as a tumour suppressor. The responses to p53 induction are complex and range from mediating the elimination of stressed or damaged cells to promoting survival and repair. These activities of p53 can modulate tumour development but may also play a role in pathological responses to stress such as tissue damage and repair. Using a p53 reporter mouse, we have previously detected strong induction of p53 activity in the liver of mice treated with the hepatotoxin carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). Here, we show that p53 functions to support repair and recovery from CCl4-mediated liver damage, control reactive oxygen species (ROS) and limit the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in part through the activation of a detoxification cytochrome P450, CYP2A5 (CYP2A6 in humans). Our work demonstrates an important role for p53-mediated redox control in facilitating the hepatic regenerative response after damage and identifies CYP2A5/CYP2A6 as a mediator of this pathway with potential prognostic utility in human HCC.

3.
Clin Cardiol ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528718

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) is associated with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF); however, pathophysiology is not well described. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that CMD in women with suspected ischemia with no obstructive coronary artery disease (INOCA) is associated with cardiomyocyte dysfunction reflected by plasma levels of a cardiomyocyte calcium handling protein, cardiac bridge integrator 1 (cBIN1). METHODS: Women with suspected INOCA undergoing coronary function testing were included. Coronary flow reserve, vasodilation to nitroglycerin, change in coronary blood flow (ΔCBF), and vasodilation to acetylcholine (ΔAch) were evaluated. cBIN1 score (CS) levels in these women (n = 39) were compared to women with HFpEF (n = 20), heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) (n = 36), and reference controls (RC) (n = 50). Higher CS indicates cardiomyocyte tubule dysfunction. RESULTS: INOCA, HFpEF, and HFrEF women were older than RC (p < .05). Higher CS was associated with vasoconstriction to acetylcholine (r = -0.43, p = .011) with a trend towards lower ΔCBF (r = 0.30, p = .086). Higher CS was specific for ΔAch and ΔCBF but had limited sensitivity. INOCA women had higher CS than RC, but lower CS than HFpEF/HFrEF groups (p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: CS, a plasma biomarker indicating poor cardiomyocyte health, was higher in women with suspected INOCA as compared to RC, but lower than in women with HFpEF. Elevated CS in suspected INOCA patients represents an intermediate group between health and disease, supporting the hypothesis that CMD may progress to HFpEF. Larger prospective cohort studies are needed to confirm the pathophysiological relationship between cBIN1, CMD, and HFpEF.

4.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 22(1): 411, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Once bulk RNA-seq data has been processed, i.e. aligned and then expression and differential tables generated, there remains the essential process where the biology is explored, visualized and interpreted. Without the use of a visualisation and interpretation pipeline this step can be time consuming and laborious, and is often completed using R. Though commercial visualisation and interpretation pipelines are comprehensive, freely available pipelines are currently more limited. RESULTS: Here we demonstrate Searchlight, a freely available bulk RNA-seq visualisation and interpretation pipeline. Searchlight provides: a comprehensive statistical and visual analysis, focusing on the global, pathway and single gene levels; compatibility with most differential experimental designs irrespective of organism or experimental complexity, via three workflows; reports; and support for downstream user modification of plots via user-friendly R-scripts and a Shiny app. We show that Searchlight offers greater automation than current best tools (VIPER and BioJupies). We demonstrate in a timed re-analysis study, that alongside a standard bulk RNA-seq processing pipeline, Searchlight can be used to complete bulk RNA-seq projects up to the point of manuscript quality figures, in under 3 h. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to a manual R based analysis or current best freely available pipelines (VIPER and BioJupies), Searchlight can reduce the time and effort needed to complete bulk RNA-seq projects to manuscript level. Searchlight is suitable for bioinformaticians, service providers and bench scientists. https://github.com/Searchlight2/Searchlight2 .


Assuntos
Publicações , Software , RNA-Seq , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma , Fluxo de Trabalho
5.
Transl Psychiatry ; 11(1): 404, 2021 07 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34294682

RESUMO

The increasingly compelling data supporting the involvement of immunobiological mechanisms in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) might provide some explanation forthe variance in this heterogeneous condition. Peripheral blood measures of cytokines and chemokines constitute the bulk of evidence, with consistent meta-analytic data implicating raised proinflammatory cytokines such as IL6, IL1ß and TNF. Among the potential mechanisms linking immunobiological changes to affective neurobiology is the accelerated biological ageing seen in MDD, particularly via the senescence associated secretory phenotype (SASP). However, the cellular source of immunobiological markers remains unclear. Pre-clinical evidence suggests a role for peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), thus here we aimed to explore the transcriptomic profile using RNA sequencing in PBMCs in a clinical sample of people with various levels of depression and treatment response comparing it with that in healthy controls (HCs). There were three groups with major depressive disorder (MDD): treatment-resistant (n = 94), treatment-responsive (n = 47) and untreated (n = 46). Healthy controls numbered 44. Using PBMCs gene expression analysis was conducted using RNAseq to a depth of 54.5 million reads. Differential gene expression analysis was performed using DESeq2. The data showed no robust signal differentiating MDD and HCs. There was, however, significant evidence of elevated biological ageing in MDD vs HC. Biological ageing was evident in these data as a transcriptional signature of 888 age-associated genes (adjusted p < 0.05, absolute log2fold > 0.6) that also correlated strongly with chronological age (spearman correlation coefficient of 0.72). Future work should expand clinical sample sizes and reduce clinical heterogeneity. Exploration of RNA-seq signatures in other leukocyte populations and single cell RNA sequencing may help uncover more subtle differences. However, currently the subtlety of any PBMC signature mitigates against its convincing use as a diagnostic or predictive biomarker.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Envelhecimento/genética , Biomarcadores , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/genética , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Transcriptoma
6.
Cancer Lett ; 519: 226-236, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314753

RESUMO

The Molecule Interacting with CasL 1 (MICAL1) monooxygenase has emerged as an important regulator of cytoskeleton organization via actin oxidation. Although filamentous actin (F-actin) increases MICAL1 monooxygenase activity, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is also generated in the absence of F-actin, suggesting that diffusible H2O2 might have additional functions. MICAL1 gene disruption by CRISPR/Cas9 in MDA MB 231 human breast cancer cells knocked out (KO) protein expression, which affected F-actin organization, cell size and motility. Transcriptomic profiling revealed that MICAL1 deletion significantly affected the expression of over 700 genes, with the majority being reduced in their expression levels. In addition, the absolute magnitudes of reduced gene expression were significantly greater than the magnitudes of increased gene expression. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) identified receptor regulator activity as the most significant negatively enriched molecular function gene set. The prominent influence exerted by MICAL1 on F-actin structures was also associated with changes in the expression of several serum-response factor (SRF) regulated genes in KO cells. Moreover, MICAL1 disruption attenuated breast cancer tumour growth in vivo. Elevated MICAL1 gene expression was observed in invasive breast cancer samples from human patients relative to normal tissue, while MICAL1 amplification or point mutations were associated with reduced progression free survival. Collectively, these results demonstrate that MICAL1 gene disruption altered cytoskeleton organization, cell morphology and migration, gene expression, and impaired tumour growth in an orthotopic in vivo breast cancer model, suggesting that pharmacological MICAL1 inhibition could have therapeutic benefits for cancer patients.

7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3464, 2021 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34103493

RESUMO

Right-sided (proximal) colorectal cancer (CRC) has a poor prognosis and a distinct mutational profile, characterized by oncogenic BRAF mutations and aberrations in mismatch repair and TGFß signalling. Here, we describe a mouse model of right-sided colon cancer driven by oncogenic BRAF and loss of epithelial TGFß-receptor signalling. The proximal colonic tumours that develop in this model exhibit a foetal-like progenitor phenotype (Ly6a/Sca1+) and, importantly, lack expression of Lgr5 and its associated intestinal stem cell signature. These features are recapitulated in human BRAF-mutant, right-sided CRCs and represent fundamental differences between left- and right-sided disease. Microbial-driven inflammation supports the initiation and progression of these tumours with foetal-like characteristics, consistent with their predilection for the microbe-rich right colon and their antibiotic sensitivity. While MAPK-pathway activating mutations drive this foetal-like signature via ERK-dependent activation of the transcriptional coactivator YAP, the same foetal-like transcriptional programs are also initiated by inflammation in a MAPK-independent manner. Importantly, in both contexts, epithelial TGFß-receptor signalling is instrumental in suppressing the tumorigenic potential of these foetal-like progenitor cells.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/metabolismo , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores beta/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Animais , Carcinogênese/patologia , Diferenciação Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Feto/patologia , Inflamação/patologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mutação , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/metabolismo , Esferoides Celulares/metabolismo , Esferoides Celulares/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt
9.
Future Cardiol ; 17(7): 1277-1291, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33739142

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 is responsible for the 2020 global COVID-19 pandemic. In patients with COVID-19, multiple cardiovascular (CV) manifestations have been reported. SARS coronavirus 2 infection can lead to inflammatory CV disease first via takeover of the angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 enzyme as a cell receptor as well as the macrophage activation syndrome in severe illness. We review the CV manifestations of COVID-19 and therapeutics under investigation. We discuss the potential long-term CV sequelae after recovery from COVID-19 and the gaps in knowledge including the pathophysiological links between acute cardiac injury, myocardial inflammation and chronic cardiomyopathy. Future investigational efforts could result in significant diagnostic and therapeutic advances potentially impacting the broader field of chronic heart failure and cardiac recovery.

10.
Life Sci Alliance ; 3(12)2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033111

RESUMO

Docetaxel chemotherapy in metastatic prostate cancer offers only a modest survival benefit because of emerging resistance. To identify candidate therapeutic gene targets, we applied a murine prostate cancer orthograft model that recapitulates clinical invasive prostate cancer in a genome-wide CRISPR/Cas9 screen under docetaxel treatment pressure. We identified 17 candidate genes whose suppression may enhance the efficacy of docetaxel, with transcription elongation factor A-like 1 (Tceal1) as the top candidate. TCEAL1 function is not fully characterised; it may modulate transcription in a promoter dependent fashion. Suppressed TCEAL1 expression in multiple human prostate cancer cell lines enhanced therapeutic response to docetaxel. Based on gene set enrichment analysis from transcriptomic data and flow cytometry, we confirmed that loss of TCEAL1 in combination with docetaxel leads to an altered cell cycle profile compared with docetaxel alone, with increased subG1 cell death and increased polyploidy. Here, we report the first in vivo genome-wide treatment sensitisation CRISPR screen in prostate cancer, and present proof of concept data on TCEAL1 as a candidate for a combinational strategy with the use of docetaxel.

11.
JACC Basic Transl Sci ; 5(6): 561-578, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613144

RESUMO

Heart failure is an important, and growing, cause of morbidity and mortality. Half of patients with heart failure have preserved ejection fraction, for whom therapeutic options are limited. Here we report that cardiac bridging integrator 1 gene therapy to maintain subcellular membrane compartments within cardiomyocytes can stabilize intracellular distribution of calcium-handling machinery, preserving diastolic function in hearts stressed by chronic beta agonist stimulation and pressure overload. This study identifies that maintenance of intracellular architecture and, in particular, membrane microdomains at t-tubules, is important in the setting of sympathetic stress. Stabilization of membrane microdomains may be a pathway for future therapeutic development.

12.
Front Physiol ; 11: 503, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32670075

RESUMO

Background: Cardiac Bridging Integrator 1 (cBIN1) is a membrane deformation protein that generates calcium microdomains at cardiomyocyte t-tubules, whose transcription is reduced in heart failure, and is released into blood. cBIN1 score (CS), an inverse index of plasma cBIN1, measures cellular myocardial remodeling. In patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), CS diagnoses ambulatory heart failure and prognosticates hospitalization. The performance of CS has not been tested in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Methods and Results: CS was determined from plasma of patients recruited in a prospective study. Two comparative cohorts consisted of 158 ambulatory HFrEF patients (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 40%, 57 ± 10 years, 80% men) and 115 age and sex matched volunteers with no known history of HF. N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentrations were also analyzed for comparison. CS follows a normal distribution with a median of 0 in the controls, which increases to a median of 1.9 (p < 0.0001) in HFrEF patients. CS correlates with clinically assessed New York Heart Association Class (p = 0.007). During 1-year follow-up, a high CS (≥ 1.9) in patients predicts increased cardiovascular events (43% vs. 26%, p = 0.01, hazard ratio 1.9). Compared to a model with demographics, clinical risk factors, and NT-proBNP, adding CS to the model improved the overall continuous net reclassification improvement (NRI 0.64; 95% CI 0.18-1.10; p = 0.006). Although performance for diagnosis and prognosis was similar to CS, NT-proBNP did not prognosticate between patients whose NT-proBNP values were > 400 pg/ml. Conclusion: CS, which is mechanistically distinct from NT-proBNP, successfully differentiates myocardial health between patients with HFrEF and matched controls. A high CS reflects advanced NYHA stage, pathologic cardiac muscle remodeling, and predicts 1-year risk of cardiovascular events in ambulatory HFrEF patients. CS is a marker of myocardial remodeling in HFrEF patients, independent of volume status.

13.
Front Physiol ; 11: 708, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32670093

RESUMO

Background: Cardiac bridging integrator 1 (cBIN1) organizes transverse tubule (t-tubule) membrane calcium handling microdomains required for normal beat-to-beat contractility. cBIN1 is transcriptionally reduced in heart failure (HF). We recently found that cBIN1 pretreatment can limit HF development in stressed mice. Here, we aim to explore whether cBIN1 replacement therapy can improve myocardial function in continuously stressed hearts with pre-existing HF. Methods: Adult male mice were subjected to sham or transverse aortic constriction (TAC) surgery at the age of 8-10 weeks old. Adeno-associated virus 9 (AAV9) transducing cBIN1-V5 or GFP-V5 (3 × 1010 vg) was administered through retro-orbital injection at 5 weeks post-TAC. Mice were followed by echocardiography to monitor cardiac function until 20 weeks after TAC. Overall survival, heart and lung weight (LW), and HF incidence were determined. In a second set of animals in which AAV9-cBIN1 pretreatment prevents HF, we recorded cardiac pressure-volume (PV) loops and obtained myocardial immunofluorescence imaging. Results: The overall Kaplan-Meir survival of AAV9-cBIN1 mice was 77.8%, indicating a significant partial rescue between AAV9-GFP (58.8%) and sham (100%) treated mice. In mice with ejection fraction (EF) ≥30% prior to AAV9 injection at 5 weeks post-TAC, AAV9-cBIN1 significantly increased survival to 93.3%, compared to 62.5% survival for AAV9-GFP treated mice. The effect of exogenous cBIN1 was to attenuate TAC-induced left ventricular (LV) dilation and prevent further HF development. Recovery of EF also occurs in AAV9-cBIN1-treated mice. We found that EF increases to a peak at 6-8 weeks post-viral injection. Furthermore, PV loop analysis identified that AAV9-cBIN1 increases both systolic and diastolic function of the post-TAC hearts. At the myocyte level, AAV9-cBIN1 normalizes cBIN1 expression, t-tubule membrane intensity, and intracellular distribution of Cav1.2 and ryanodine receptors (RyRs). Conclusions: In mice with pre-existing HF, exogenous cBIN1 can normalize t-tubule calcium handling microdomains, limit HF progression, rescue cardiac function, and improve survival.

14.
J Clin Invest ; 130(9): 4858-4870, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525845

RESUMO

Connexin-43 (Cx43) gap junctions provide intercellular coupling, which ensures rapid action potential propagation and synchronized heart contraction. Alterations in Cx43 localization and reductions in gap junction coupling occur in failing hearts, contributing to ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Recent reports have found that an internally translated Cx43 isoform, GJA1-20k, is an auxiliary subunit for the trafficking of Cx43 in heterologous expression systems. Here, we have created a mouse model by using CRISPR technology to mutate a single internal translation initiation site in Cx43 (M213L mutation), which generates full-length Cx43, but not GJA1-20k. We found that GJA1M213L/M213L mice had severely abnormal electrocardiograms despite preserved contractile function, reduced total Cx43, and reduced gap junctions, and they died suddenly at 2 to 4 weeks of age. Heterozygous GJA1M213L/WT mice survived to adulthood with increased ventricular ectopy. Biochemical experiments indicated that cytoplasmic Cx43 had a half-life that was 50% shorter than membrane-associated Cx43. Without GJA1-20k, poorly trafficked Cx43 was degraded. The data support that GJA1-20k, an endogenous entity translated independently of Cx43, is critical for Cx43 gap junction trafficking, maintenance of Cx43 protein, and normal electrical function of the mammalian heart.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/metabolismo , Conexina 43/metabolismo , Junções Comunicantes/metabolismo , Ventrículos do Coração/metabolismo , Proteólise , Animais , Arritmias Cardíacas/genética , Arritmias Cardíacas/patologia , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Conexina 43/genética , Junções Comunicantes/genética , Junções Comunicantes/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Mutantes , Transporte Proteico
15.
Biomolecules ; 10(3)2020 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32244859

RESUMO

Connexin 43 (Cx43) is a gap junction protein that assembles at the cell border to form intercellular gap junction (GJ) channels which allow for cell-cell communication by facilitating the rapid transmission of ions and other small molecules between adjacent cells. Non-canonical roles of Cx43, and specifically its C-terminal domain, have been identified in the regulation of Cx43 trafficking, mitochondrial preconditioning, cell proliferation, and tumor formation, yet the mechanisms are still being explored. It was recently identified that up to six truncated isoforms of Cx43 are endogenously produced via alternative translation from internal start codons in addition to full length Cx43, all from the same mRNA produced by the gene GJA1. GJA1-11k, the 11kDa alternatively translated isoform of Cx43, does not have a known role in the formation of gap junction channels, and little is known about its function. Here, we report that over expressed GJA1-11k, unlike the other five truncated isoforms, preferentially localizes to the nucleus in HEK293FT cells and suppresses cell growth by limiting cell cycle progression from the G0/G1 phase to the S phase. Furthermore, these functions are independent of the channel-forming full-length Cx43 isoform. Understanding the apparently unique role of GJA1-11k and its generation in cell cycle regulation may uncover a new target for affecting cell growth in multiple disease models.


Assuntos
Ciclo Celular , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Conexina 43/biossíntese , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Núcleo Celular/genética , Conexina 43/genética , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Isoformas de Proteínas/biossíntese , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética
16.
Cancer Discov ; 10(6): 872-887, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200350

RESUMO

MYC is implicated in the development and progression of pancreatic cancer, yet the precise level of MYC deregulation required to contribute to tumor development has been difficult to define. We used modestly elevated expression of human MYC, driven from the Rosa26 locus, to investigate the pancreatic phenotypes arising in mice from an approximation of MYC trisomy. We show that this level of MYC alone suffices to drive pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, and to accelerate progression of KRAS-initiated precursor lesions to metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Our phenotype exposed suppression of the type I interferon (IFN) pathway by the combined actions of MYC and KRAS, and we present evidence of repressive MYC-MIZ1 complexes binding directly to the promoters of the genes encodiing the type I IFN regulators IRF5, IRF7, STAT1, and STAT2. Derepression of IFN regulator genes allows pancreatic tumor infiltration by B and natural killer (NK) cells, resulting in increased survival. SIGNIFICANCE: We define herein a novel mechanism of evasion of NK cell-mediated immunity through the combined actions of endogenously expressed mutant KRAS and modestly deregulated expression of MYC, via suppression of the type I IFN pathway. Restoration of IFN signaling may improve outcomes for patients with PDAC.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 747.

17.
J Clin Invest ; 130(4): 1608-1610, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32091412

RESUMO

The cardiomyopathy of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in affected males with this dreaded muscle disease. Previous studies have implicated changes in expression and subcellular localization of connexin-43 (Cx43), the major ventricular gap junction protein, in DMD cardiomyopathy. In this issue of the JCI, Himelman et al. explore how hypophosphorylation of Cx43 at a triplet of serine residues (S325/S328/S330) in the regulatory C-terminus contributes to multiple features of the cardiomyopathy phenotype. Using a mouse model of DMD cardiomyopathy in which phosphomimetic glutamic acids are substituted for serines at these residues in Cx43, Himelman et al. observed reduced gap junction remodeling and lateralization of Cx43 immunosignals, protection against isoproterenol-induced arrhythmias, and improved Ca2+ homeostasis. This study contributes to the understanding of pathologic Cx43 remodeling and encourages further research into developing strategic interventions to mitigate cardiac dysfunction and arrhythmias in DMD patients.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne , Animais , Arritmias Cardíacas , Conexina 43 , Junções Comunicantes , Humanos , Masculino
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