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Opt Express ; 27(26): 38451-38462, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878612


We investigate circularly polarized photoluminescence (PL) in the MoS2/MoO3 heterostructure, which was fabricated by transferring MoS2 monolayer to cover the MoO3 few layers on the SiO2/Si substrate. It is shown that the PL with the same helicity as the excitation light is dominant due to the inherent chiral optical selectivity, which allows exciting one of the valleys in MoS2 monolayer. The degree of polarization (DP), which characterizes the intensity difference of two chiral components of PL, is unequal for the right-handed and left-handed circularly polarized excitations in the MoS2/MoO3 heterostructure. This effect is different from the one in pristine MoS2. Our Raman spectra results together with ab initio calculations indicate the p-doped features of the MoS2 when it covers the MoO3 layers. Thus the possible explanation of the unequal DP is that the p-doping process generates a built-in voltage and therefore brings the difference of electron-hole overlaps between K and K' valleys. Namely the asymmetric valley polarization may be obtained in the MoS2/MoO3 heterostructure. Consequently, the circularly polarized PL caused by the electron-hole recombination at K and K' valleys manifests unequal DP for the right-handed and left-handed helix excitations. This asymmetric effect is further enhanced by decreasing the temperature in the MoS2/MoO3 heterostructure. Our investigation provides a unique platform for developing novel two-dimensional valleytronic devices.