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1.
Med J Islam Repub Iran ; 35: 93, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34956939

RESUMO

Background: Although acute appendicitis is a common problem, it remains a difficult diagnosis to establish, particularly among females of reproductive age. The present study was conducted to devise a new decision making model for diagnosing acute appendicitis in non-pregnant women. Methods: The present study was a retrospective study consisting of women who had undergone an appendectomy between 2007 and 2015 at the emergency department of Imam Hossein Medical Center, Tehran, Iran. The inclusion criteria were being a female, presenting with abdominal pain, being a suspected case of acute appendicitis, and undergoing an emergency appendectomy. A classification and regression tree (CART) analysis was performed to partition exam and laboratory data obtained from these patients into homogeneous groups in order to develop a prediction rule for appendicitis diagnosis. Results: The study population included 433 non pregnant women who underwent emergency operations with a preliminary diagnosis of acute appendicis. Out of these patients, 295 patients (68.1%) were appendicitis positive based on the pathology exam results, while 138 patients had a normal appendix, indicating a negative appendectomy rate of 31.8%. The final devised CART model included hemoglobin level, PMN count, age, and history of abdominal incision and yielded a sensitivity of 82.7% and specificity of 55.8%, which were better than Alvarado prediction results for the Asian population. Conclusion: We have devised a simple and cost effective prediction model for predicting the outcome among non-pregnant women undergoing emergency appendectomy operation with good sensitivity and specificity compared to the Alvarado model.

2.
J Curr Ophthalmol ; 33(2): 189-196, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409231

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the retinal vascular characteristics among patients with different types of inherited retinal dystrophies (IRDs). METHODS: This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted on 59 genetically confirmed cases of IRD including 37 patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) (74 eyes), 13 patients with Stargardt disease (STGD) (26 eyes), and 9 patients with cone-rod dystrophy (CRD) (18 eyes). Both eyes of 50 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals were investigated as controls. All participants underwent optical coherence tomography angiography to investigate the vascular densities (VDs) of superficial and deep capillary plexus (SCP and DCP) as well as foveal avascular zone area. RESULTS: In RP, significantly lower VD in whole image (P = 0.001 for DCP), fovea (P = 0.038 for SCP), parafovea (P < 0.001 for SCP and DCP), and perifovea (P < 0.001 for SCP and DCP) was observed compared to controls. In STGD, VD of parafovea (P = 0.012 for SCP and P = 0.001 for DCP) and fovea (P = 0.016 for DCP) was significantly lower than controls. In CRD, the VD of parafovea (P = 0.025 for DCP) was significantly lower than controls. Whole image density was significantly lower in RP compared to STGD (P < 0.001 for SCP) and CRD (P = 0.037 for SCP). VD in parafovea (P = 0.005 for SCP) and perifovea (P < 0.001 for SCP and DCP) regions was significantly lower in RP compared with STGD. Also, foveal VD in STGD was significantly lower than RP (P = 0.023 for DCP). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated lower VDs in three different IRDs including RP, STGD, and CRD compared to healthy controls. Changes were more dominant in RP patients.

3.
Can J Ophthalmol ; 2021 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077745

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of pretreatment with topical betamethasone in Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implantation. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-two eyes from 62 patients undergoing AGV. METHODS: We randomly assigned patients undergoing AGV to 2 arms of the study. The case group received AGV implantation with preoperative betamethasone eye drops, and the control group did not receive preoperative betamethasone. Follow-up examinations were performed on postoperative day 1, at least weekly for 4 weeks, and then every 1 to 3 months. Our main outcome measure was the rate of success, defined as intraocular pressure (IOP) <15 mm Hg and IOP ≤18 mm Hg. RESULTS: We analyzed 62 eyes divided to case (n = 33) and control (n = 29) groups. The success rate was significantly higher in the intervention group than in the control group at 12 months postoperatively when considering either IOP < 15 or IOP < 18 mm Hg as success (p < 0.001) and also at 6 months when considering IOP < 18 mm Hg as success (p < 0.041). The reduction in the number of antiglaucoma medications used postoperatively was significantly higher in the betamethasone group at follow-up at 1 and 3 months and 1 year. CONCLUSION: Pretreatment with topical betamethasone in AGV implantations increases the success rate and reduces the need for medications.

4.
J Curr Ophthalmol ; 33(4): 475-480, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35128197

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes of medial rectus (MR) advancement with or without lateral rectus (LR) recession in patients with consecutive exotropia. METHODS: This interventional case series was performed on patients with consecutive exotropia of more than 15 prism diopters (PD) at least 6 months after the esotropia surgery. All patients were operated using either unilateral or bilateral MR muscle advancement with or without simultaneous LR recession. Ocular deviation at far and near distances, adduction limitation, and exoshift were investigated at the follow-ups of 1 week, as well as 1, 3, and 6 months after the surgery. Operation was considered successful when the postoperative far deviation was <10 PD. RESULTS: Thirty patients were evaluated. The mean amount of MR advancement was 5.69 ± 1.33 mm with the mean dose response of 4.7 ± 3.3 and 4.55 ± 4.01 PD at 3 and 6-month follow-ups, respectively. Success rate was reduced from 93% at week 1 to 73% at month 6 due to postoperative exodrift, especially during the first 3 months. Preoperative exotropia was the only contributing factor in our study. CONCLUSIONS: MR advancement was an effective surgical method for consecutive exotropia correction, especially in cases with MR underaction. Bilateral MR advancement and/or LR recession are suggested in cases with higher preoperative exodeviation. The presence of postoperative exodrift indicates longer follow-ups for patients.

5.
Strabismus ; 28(4): 194-200, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085560

RESUMO

This study was aimed to compare the surgical outcomes of lateral rectus plication and resection techniques on patients with residual esotropia. In this randomized clinical trial, a total of 57 patients with residual esotropia (31 females) who were candidates for lateral rectus resection were randomized into plication (n = 27) and resection (n = 30) groups. The inclusion criteria were residual Esotropia after uni- or bilateral medial rectus recession. Subjects with a history of prematurity, lack of central fixation, extraocular muscle palsy, systemic, ocular disorders, history of lateral rectus operation, or follow up less than 3 months were excluded. Ophthalmic examinations were conducted preoperatively and at 1, 3-, and 6-month follow-ups. Surgical success rate was considered postoperative eso- or exotropia ≤10 pd. Based on the study results, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups regarding the pre- (plication: 27.9 ± 9.8 pd and resection: 26.4 ± 7.6 pd; P = .52) and postoperative mean angle of deviation at far distance in month 3 (plication: 5.1 ± 7.1 pd and resection: 5.4 ± 3.2 pd; P = .82). Postoperative success rate also showed similarity between these two groups at all postoperative follow-ups of months 1, 3, and 6.There was no statistically significant difference between dose responses of these groups in uni- or bilateral operations. In conclusion, lateral rectus plication and resection showed statistically similar results. Each surgical method could be selected according to surgeon's skill and comfort. We recommend plication method for patients with postoperative probability of anterior segment ischemia.


Assuntos
Esotropia/cirurgia , Músculos Oculomotores/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Visão Binocular/fisiologia
6.
Korean J Ophthalmol ; 34(2): 143-149, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233148

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the long-term motor and sensory outcomes of patients with infantile exotropia. METHODS: In this longitudinal retrospective (historical cohort) study, the records of 76 patients with infantile exotropia were Studied. Subjects with constant exotropia manifesting before the age of 1 year who were at least 5 years old at recruitment time between 2008 and 2017 were included. RESULTS: The medical records of 26 patients were excluded due to not participating in follow-up examinations or having incomplete records. In total, 54 infantile exotropic patients (51.9% male) with a mean age of 11.1 ± 6.8 years and follow-up of 4.99 ± 3.58 years were studied. Postoperative sensory outcomes (central stereopsis [<60 sec/arc], peripheral fusion [60-3,000 sec/arc], and non-stereopsis [>3,000 sec/arc]) were observed in 38.9%, 38.9%, and 21.2% of patients, respectively. In terms of postoperative motor outcomes, 69%, 24%, and 7% were achieved as orthophoria, residual exotropia, and consecutive esotropia, respectively. Patients with a higher surgical age (p = 0.022) and better visual acuity (p = 0.004) had significantly better sensory outcomes, while higher preoperative deviation resulted in more suppression (p = 0.039, rs = 0.218). CONCLUSIONS: With rates of 69% for motor success and 78.8% for sensory success, surgical outcomes of infantile exotropic patients seems to be favorable. Further studies are recommended to verify our findings.


Assuntos
Exotropia/cirurgia , Movimentos Oculares/fisiologia , Previsões , Músculos Oculomotores/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/métodos , Visão Binocular/fisiologia , Acuidade Visual , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Exotropia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Músculos Oculomotores/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Ophthalmic Vis Res ; 14(1): 11-17, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30820281

RESUMO

Purpose: To compare histologic abnormalities of tear film and tear osmolarity between normal eyes and eyes with pterygium. Methods: This was a prospective, hospital-based, case-control study involving 95 patients (65 men, 30 women) with unilateral pterygium. The tear meniscus height (TMH), Schirmer's test-1 (SCH-1) score, Rose Bengal staining (RBS) score, tear film breakup time (TBUT), tear osmolarity (TO), and conjunctival impression cytology (CIC) were assessed in both eyes. The Chi-square and Student's t-tests were used to compare the results between the two groups. P values <0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: The mean patient age was 50.9 years, with the largest age group being the 45-55 year-old bracket across both genders. Most patients (82.1%) had nasal pterygium, and 80% were involved in outside activities. The mean assessment values in the case and control groups were as follows: TMH, 0.21 vs. 0.24 mm; SCH-1, 13.2 vs. 17.8 mm; RBS, 4.38 vs. 2.51 points; TBUT, 8.7 vs. 13.2 seconds; TO, 306 vs. 299 mOsm/L (P < 0.001 in all cases). The proportions of abnormal assessment values in the case and control groups were as follows: TMH, 82.1% vs. 3.16%; SCH-1, 20% vs. 2.1%; RBS, 30.53% vs. 4.22%; TBUT, 61.05% vs. 6.3%; TO, 10.52% vs. 1.05%; CIC, 33.7% vs. 7.37% (P < 0.05 for all comparisons). Conclusion: This study showed that the quantity and quality of tear film, as well as the number of goblet cells, decreased, but the tear osmolarity increased in eyes with pterygium. Furthermore, the TMH, RBS results, TBUT, and CIC have more precise state of the patient's tear condition with the disease of the pterygium.

8.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 299(6): 1701-1707, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30919036

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of myo-Inositol administration on oocyte quality, fertilization rate and embryo quality in patients with PCOS during assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles. METHODS: Fifty infertile PCOS patients were randomly designated in two groups. In the study group, patients received daily doses of 4 g myo-Inositol combined with 400 mg folic acid and in the control group patients received only 400 mg folic acid from 1 month before starting the antagonist cycle until the day of ovum pick up. Oocyte and embryo qualities were assessed according to European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) guidelines. The gene expression of PGK1, RGS2 and CDC42 as a factor of oocyte quality in granulosa cells was analyzed using real-time RT-PCR. Levels of total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were evaluated by chemiluminescence assay in follicular fluid. RESULTS: The percentage of metaphase II oocyte, fertilization rate and embryo quality significantly improved in the study group (p < 0.05), but the number of retrieved oocytes and follicle count were not statistically different between groups. Furthermore, the gene expression of PGK1, RGS2 and CDC42 was significantly higher in the study group (p < 0.05) but no differences were found between two groups in terms of TAC and ROS levels. CONCLUSIONS: The present study findings suggest that myo-Inositol alters the gene expression in granulosa cells and improves oocyte and embryo quality among PCOS patients undergoing ART.


Assuntos
Ácido Fólico/uso terapêutico , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Inositol/uso terapêutico , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/tratamento farmacológico , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida/normas , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Ácido Fólico/farmacologia , Humanos , Inositol/farmacologia , Oócitos/patologia , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/patologia
9.
Interv Neuroradiol ; 25(1): 111-116, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30227808

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of intradiscal ozone injection in reducing pain and improving patients' performance in different types of intervertebral disc herniation based on Michigan State University (MSU) classification. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with low back pain and radiculopathy treated in our center with ozone chemonucleolysis from May 2017 through to January 2018 entered the study. Patients had a disc herniation classified as group 1-A, 2-A, 1-B, 2-B, 1-C, 2-C, 1-AB or 2-AB based on MSU classification in magnetic resonance imaging. In all patients entering the study the severity of pain was recorded according to the visual analog scale criteria before and one and three months after the end of treatment. Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Index (ODI) was used to compare patients' performance before and after the treatment. RESULTS: In total 128 patients (60 females and 68 males) with mean age of 40.1 ± 10.7 entered the study. The patients were divided into eight groups based on MSU classification each including 16 patients. The reduction of pain severity and ODI score compared to baseline was statistically significant in all groups both in the first month and the third month after treatment. There was also a statistically significant difference between groups regarding the reduction of pain and ODI score indicating significantly worse treatment outcomes in groups 1-C, 2-C and 2-AB. CONCLUSION: Based on our findings it seems that MSU classification can be used in patients' selection to achieve the best treatment outcome after intradiscal ozone injection among patients with lumbar disc herniation.


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/classificação , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/tratamento farmacológico , Ozônio/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Ozônio/administração & dosagem , Manejo da Dor , Medição da Dor , Seleção de Pacientes , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Reprod Infertil ; 19(1): 56-60, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29850448

RESUMO

Background: The purpose of this study was to introduce a technique to extract the remaining peritoneal gas in order to improve the post-laparoscopic shoulder pain. Methods: This study included 12 patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic procedures between February and March 2016 in Minimally Invasive Techniques Research Center, Pars Hospital, Tehran, Iran. For complete suction of the air from abdominal cavity, the air was first vacuumed from the pelvic cavity in Trendelenburg position and then the patients were put in anti-Trendelenburg position. In this position, as the remaining gas was shifting toward subdiaphragmatic area, the suction tube was shifted to a position next to the camera canal and the remaining air was suctioned. A 10 point visual analogue scale was used to measure the severity of patients' post-operative shoulder pain. Results: The mean VAS for shoulder pain was 0.8±1.7 4 hr post-surgery. At 12 hr post-surgery, the mean VAS was 0.8±1.5. At 24 hr post-surgery, the mean VAS for shoulder pain was 0.3±0.8. Finally, 48 hr post-surgery, the VAS score for all patients was zero. Conclusion: Our approach for emptying the abdominal cavity from residual gas after laparoscopic procedures seems to be useful in preventing post-operative shoulder pain among patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopic surgeries. Further studies are suggested to compare the effect of our proposed method with other methods.

11.
Clin Ophthalmol ; 12: 601-605, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29636595

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the visual acuity as well as endothelial cell density (ECD) and polymegathism after iris-fixated lens (Artiflex® AC 401) implantation for correction of moderate to high myopia. Patients and methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, 55 eyes from 29 patients undergoing iris-fixated lens implantation for correction of myopia (-5.00 to -15.00 D) from 2007 to 2014 were evaluated. Uncorrected visual acuity, best spectacle-corrected visual acuity, refraction, ECD and polymegathism (coefficient of variation [CV] in the sizes of endothelial cells) were measured preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. Results: In the sixth month of follow-up, the uncorrected vision acuity was 20/25 or better in 81.5% of the eyes. The best-corrected visual acuity was 20/30 or better in 96.3% of the eyes, and more than 92% of the eyes had a refraction score of ±1 D from the target refraction. The mean corneal ECD of patients before surgery was 2,803±339 cells/mm2, which changed to 2,744±369 cells/mm2 six months after surgery (p=0.142). CV in the sizes of endothelial cells before the surgery was 25.7%±7.1% and six months after surgery it was 25.9%±5.4% (p=0.857). Conclusion: Artiflex iris-fixated lens implantation is a suitable and predictable method for correction of moderate to high myopia. There was no statistically significant change in ECD and polymegathism (CV in the sizes of endothelial cells) after 6 months of follow-up.

12.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 11(3): 478-483, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29600183

RESUMO

AIM: To determine the relationship between abduction deficit and reoperation among patients with infantile esotropia (IET). METHODS: The records of 216 patients (432 eyes) with IET who underwent surgery, from 2010 to 2015 were studied. Patients with IET whose deviation appeared before 6mo of age and had stable preoperative deviation in two examinations with at least 2wk apart and a minimum 3mo postoperative follow up were included. Cases with early onset accommodative esotropia, congenital cataract, retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), manifest nystagmus, fundus lesions, neurologic and ophthalmic anomalies, 6th nerve palsy and Duane's syndrome were excluded. Preoperative abduction deficit was considered from -1 to -3 grading scale. Three months after surgery, children were classified into no-need reoperation [deviation≤15 prism diopters (PD)], and need-reoperation groups (deviation>15 PD). RESULTS: In this retrospective study, 117 female and 99 male patients with the mean surgical age of 4.7±6.4y were included. Reoperation rate was 33.3% and 16.0% in IET patients with and without abduction deficit, respectively in patients who had a history of late surgery. Abduction deficit increased the odds of reoperation by 82% [OR=1.82, 95% confidence interval (CI) =1.05 to 3.19, P=0.003] in patients who had a history of late surgery (>2 years old, P=0.021). Abduction deficit was improved significantly after operation (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Based on our results, abduction deficit can be considered as a risk factor of reoperation in IET patients who are operated at the age of more than 2y.

13.
Open Ophthalmol J ; 12: 7-11, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29541277

RESUMO

Introduction: Neurotrophic keratitis is a rare degenerative corneal disease caused by an impairment of trigeminal corneal innervation, leading to a decrease or absence of corneal sensation. Here, we present a case of neurotrophic keratopathy caused by B12 deficiency in a 34 years old man who had a progressive decrease in visual acuity and corneal involvement since 3 months before being referred to our ophthalmology clinic. Result and Discussion: Based on our clinical findings and with the diagnosis of B12 deficiency we started B12 treatment for the patient. After 3 weeks the patient showed a dramatic response with corneal sensation reversal, an increase of visual acuity, improved neurotrophic keratopathy and significantly improved neurological findings. To the best of our knowledge, there is no report regarding vitamin B12 deficiency induced keratopathy and this is the first report that describes this aspect of vitamin B12 deficiency.

14.
Int J Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Res ; 11(2): 133-138, 2017 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28875008

RESUMO

Background: In recent years, the success in management of thalassemic patients, has allowed for some previously unrecognized complications including renal abnormalities to emerge. This prospective study aimed to investigate kidney iron overload by means of MRI T2* and also renal function based on laboratory tests for early markers of glomerular and tubular dysfunction among adult Iranian transfusion-dependent thalassemia major patients. Subjects and Methods: Two-hundred and two patients with transfusion-dependent ß-thalassemia major were included in this study in Zafar Adult Thalassemia Center, Tehran, Iran. For all patients, kidney MRI T2* as well as evaluation of BUN, creatinine, uric acid, calcium, phosphorus, sodium (Na), potassium (K), total protein, albumin, cystatin C, serum ferritin ß2-microglobulin, NAG (N-acetyl-beta-D-Glucosaminidase), and urine protein were performed. Results: One-hundred and fourteen female and 88 male transfusion-dependent ß-thalassemia major patients with mean age of 30.1 ± 9.4 participated in the present study. We found that 77.7% of our patients had kidney hemosiderosis based on MRI T2*. Also, 67 patients (33.2%) had elevation of serum cystatin C, and 104 patients (51.5%) had reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (e-GFR). Increased urinary excretion of NAG and hypercalciuria were found in 50% and 79.2% of participants, respectively. Conclusion: Renal hemosiderosis and asymptomatic renal dysfunction are prevalent among transfusion- dependent ß-thalassemia major patients which necessitate regular screening with early markers of glomerular and tubular dysfunction. Further studies in order to investigate the correlation between renal hemosiderosis and early markers of kidney dysfunction among these patients are recommended.

15.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 39(5): 337-340, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28085743

RESUMO

The present study was performed to evaluate pancreatic hemosiderosis by means of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2* and its relation to the diabetic state in thalassemic patients. One hundred thirty transfusion-dependent thalassemic patients from Zafar adult thalassemia clinic, Tehran, Iran, were enrolled in the study. Data such as age, type of thalassemia, age at diagnosis, transfusion duration, ferritin level, and fasting blood sugar results were gathered. Pancreatic MRI T2* was performed for all patients. One hundred four thalassemic patients with no sign of diabetes mellitus and 26 thalassemic patients with diabetes mellitus entered the study. Out of a total of 130 patients, 102 had pancreatic hemosiderosis. Among them, 23 of 26 diabetic patients (88.5%) and 79 of 104 nondiabetic patients (76%) showed pancreatic hemosiderosis, indicating no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups. The mean pancreatic MRI T2* relaxation time for all patients was 13.99±12.43 ms. The mean relaxation was 13.62±8.38 and 14.08±13.28 ms for diabetic and nondiabetic patients, respectively, showing no statistical difference (P=0.202). In conclusion, we did not find a significant difference between diabetic and nondiabetic thalassemic patients regarding the MRI T2* relaxation time readings or the rate of pancreatic hemosiderosis. We recommend performing studies with a higher sample size and including patients from different age groups to further evaluate the role of T2* MRI of pancreatic iron overload and its relation with the diabetic state in thalassemic patients.


Assuntos
Complicações do Diabetes/diagnóstico , Hemossiderose/complicações , Pancreatopatias/complicações , Talassemia/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Diabetes Mellitus , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Sobrecarga de Ferro/complicações , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pancreatopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Reprod Infertil ; 17(4): 243-246, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27921004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gigantomastia is a breast disorder marked by exaggerated rapid growth of the breasts, generally bilaterally. Since this disorder is very rare and has been reported only in sparse case reports its etiology has yet to be fully established. Treatment is aimed at improving the clinical and psychological symptoms and reducing the treatment side effects; however, the best therapeutic option varies from case to case. CASE PRESENTATION: The present report described a case of gestational gigantomastia in a 30-year-old woman, gravida 2, parity 1, 17 week pregnant admitted to Pars Hospital, Tehran, Iran, on May 2014. The patient was admitted to hospital at week 17 of pregnancy, although her breasts initially had begun to enlarge from the first trimester. The patient developed hypercalcemia in her 32nd week of pregnancy. The present report followed this patient from diagnosis until the completion of treatment. CONCLUSION: Although gestational gigantomastia is a rare condition, its timely prognosis and careful examination of some conditions like hyperprolactinemia and hypercalcemia is essential in successful management of this condition.

17.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 38(8): 636-641, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27606436

RESUMO

The present study was conducted to compare the coagulation factors between splenectomized and nonsplenectomized thalassemia intermedia (TI) patients as well as a healthy control group. A total of 60 splenectomized and 60 nonsplenectomized TI patients and 60 healthy controls participated in this case-control study. The level of homocysteine, protein C and S, antithrombin III, factors V and VIII, fibrinogen, and D-dimer were measured in all groups. Our results indicated a significant reduction of protein C and S and fibrinogen in TI patients compared with healthy controls (P<0.001), as well as factor V activity (P=0.009). Also a significant elevation of D-dimer (P=0.006) and factor VIII activity (P=0.001) was observed. There was no significant difference considering homocysteine and antithrombin III level among patients and healthy controls. Also our results demonstrated that there was no significant difference considering the homeostatic parameters (except D-dimer activity) between splenectomized and nonsplenectomized TI patients after adjustment for age. In conclusion, reduction of protein C and S, fibrinogen, and factor V activity and elevation of D-dimer levels and factor VIII activity was observed in TI patients compared with healthy controls. It seems that splenectomy has little significant effect on concentration of hemostatic factors except for D-dimer activity.


Assuntos
Hemostasia , Esplenectomia , Talassemia beta/cirurgia , Adulto , Inibidores dos Fatores de Coagulação Sanguínea/análise , Fatores de Coagulação Sanguínea/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Talassemia beta/sangue
18.
Iran J Med Sci ; 41(5): 415-21, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27582591

RESUMO

Speech delay with an unknown cause is a problem among children. This diagnosis is the last differential diagnosis after observing normal findings in routine hearing tests. The present study was undertaken to determine whether auditory brainstem responses to click stimuli are different between normally developing children and children suffering from delayed speech with unknown causes. In this cross-sectional study, we compared click auditory brainstem responses between 261 children who were clinically diagnosed with delayed speech with unknown causes based on normal routine auditory test findings and neurological examinations and had >12 months of speech delay (case group) and 261 age- and sex-matched normally developing children (control group). Our results indicated that the case group exhibited significantly higher wave amplitude responses to click stimuli (waves I, III, and V) than did the control group (P=0.001). These amplitudes were significantly reduced after 1 year (P=0.001); however, they were still significantly higher than those of the control group (P=0.001). The significant differences were seen regardless of the age and the sex of the participants. There were no statistically significant differences between the 2 groups considering the latency of waves I, III, and V. In conclusion, the higher amplitudes of waves I, III, and V, which were observed in the auditory brainstem responses to click stimuli among the patients with speech delay with unknown causes, might be used as a diagnostic tool to track patients' improvement after treatment.

19.
J Ophthalmic Vis Res ; 11(2): 141-5, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27413492

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine whether photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) has a significant effect on optic nerve head (ONH) parameters and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measured by the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph 3 (Heidelberg Engineering GmbH, Heidelberg, Germany) in eyes with low to moderate myopia. METHODS: This prospective, interventional case series, includes 43 consecutive myopic eyes which were assessed on the day of PRK and 3 months postoperatively using the HRT3. Among the stereometric parameters, we compared disc area, linear cup disc ratio, cup shape measure, global rim area, global rim volume, RNFL height variation contour and mean RNFL thickness; out of the Glaucoma Probability Score (GPS) we assessed changes in global value, rim steepness temporal/superior, and temporal/inferior, as well as cup size and cup depth before and after PRK. RESULTS: Mean refractive error before and after PRK were -3.24 ± 1.31 and -0.20 ± 0.42 diopters, respectively. No significant change occurred in disc area, linear cup disc ratio, cup shape measure, rim area and rim volume among the stereometric parameters; and in rim steepness temporal/superior and rim steepness temporal/inferior in the GPS before and after PRK using the default average keratometry. However, RNFL height variation contour, mean RNFL thickness, and cup size and depth were significantly altered after PRK (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: PRK can affect some HRT3 parameters. Although the most important stereometric parameters for differentiating normal, suspect or glaucomatous patients such as rim and cup measurements in stereometric parameters were not changed.

20.
Iran J Radiol ; 13(1): e25609, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27127575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Using the same cutoff points for whole-body measurements as for site-specific measurements will result in underestimation of osteoporosis. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the correlation between densitometry measurements for the whole body with those for the femur, lumbar spine, and forearm to evaluate the possibility of replacing site-specific values with whole-body measurements. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated all patients referred to a single rheumatology clinic for bone mineral density measurements from 2009 to 2010. All patients who had bone mineral density measurements taken from the hip, lumbar spine, forearm, and whole body were enrolled in the study. Standard bone mineral density measurements were performed using a dual energy X-ray absorptiometry device (Hologic Delphi A; Hologic, Bedford, MA, USA). Bone mineral density, Z-score, and T-score were measured for all patients and all body regions. RESULTS: The mean age of the 152 participating patients was 56.7 ± 12.6 years, and 97.4% were female. Pearson correlation coefficients of the whole-body bone mineral density values compared with site-specific values in patients over age 50 were 0.66 - 0.75. Using T-score cutoff points of -1 and -2.5 for osteopenia and osteoporosis, whole-body measurements underestimated the percentage of abnormal patients compared with the site-specific measurements (all P < 0.001). Using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, the whole-body bone mineral density showed respective areas under the curve of 0.96 and 0.84 for the diagnosis of abnormal hip bone mineral density and osteoporosis. CONCLUSION: Using the same cutoff points for whole-body measurements as for site-specific measurements will result in overestimation or especially underestimation of osteopenia and osteoporosis diagnosis. Choosing new and appropriate cutoff points for whole-body densitometric measurements when we want to substitutes this assessment instead of site specific measurements seems mandatory and will decrease the rate of false diagnoses of densitometric deficiencies in these anatomical sites.

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