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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32432467

RESUMO

Neural system is a multi-functional perceptual learning system. Our brain can perceive different kinds of information to form senses, including touch, sight, hearing, etc. Mimicking such perceptual learning systems is critical for neuromorphic platform applications. Here, an artificial tactile perceptual neuron is realized by utilizing E-skin with oxide neuromorphic transistors, and this artificial tactile perceptual neuron successfully simulates biological tactile afferent nerves. Firstly, the E-skin device is constructed using microstructured PDMS membranes coated with Ag/ITO layers, exhibiting good sensitivities of ~2.1 kPa-1 and fast response time of tens of milliseconds. Then, the chitosan-based electrolyte-gated ITO neuromorphic transistor is fabricated and exhibits high performance and synaptic responses. Finally, the integrated artificial tactile perceptual neuron demonstrates pressure excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSC) and paired-pulse facilitation (PPF). The artificial tactile perceptual neuron is featured with low energy consumption as low as ~0.7 nJ. Moreover, it can mimic acute and chronic pain and nociceptive characteristics of allodynia and hyperalgesia in biological nociceptors. Interestingly, the artificial tactile perceptual neuron can employ "Morse code" pressure interpreting scheme. This simple and low-cost approach has excellent potential for applications including but not limited to intelligent humanoid robots and replacement neuroprosthetics.

2.
Nanotechnology ; 30(43): 435202, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31304918

RESUMO

AlGaN-based deep ultraviolet (DUV) multiple-quantum-wells (MQWs) incorporating strain-modulated nanostructures are proposed, demonstrating enhanced degree of polarization (DOP) and improved light extraction efficiency (LEE). The influence of Al composition and bi-axial strains on the optical behaviors of the DUV-MQWs were carefully examined. Compared with planar DUV-MQWs, strain-modulated nanostructure patterned MQWs show three times higher photoluminescence and increased DOP from -0.43 to -0.16. Moreover, nanostructure patterned DUV-MQWs under compressive strains further illustrate higher DOP and LEE values than those under tensile strains due to more efficient diffraction of the guided modes of the transverse electric (TE) polarized light. Our work demonstrates, for the first time, that a combination of compressive in-plane strain and surface nanostructure show unambiguous advantages in facilitating TE mode emission, thus have great promises in the design and optimization of highly efficient polarized DUV optoelectronic devices.

3.
Opt Express ; 27(11): 16195-16205, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163803

RESUMO

The optical properties of hexagonal GaN microdisk arrays grown on sapphire substrates by selective area growth (SAG) technique were investigated both experimentally and theoretically. Whispering-gallery-mode (WGM) lasing is observed from various directions of the GaN pyramids collected at room temperature, with the dominant lasing mode being Transverse-Electric (TE) polarized. A relaxation of compressive strain in the lateral overgrown region of the GaN microdisk is illustrated by photoluminescence (PL) mapping and Raman spectroscopy. A strong correlation between the crystalline quality and lasing behavior of the GaN microdisks was also demonstrated.

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