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1.
Bioresour Technol ; 321: 124496, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33302013

RESUMO

In this review investigate the apple orchard waste (AOW) is potential organic resources to produce multi-product and there sustainable interventions with biorefineries approaches to assesses the apple farm industrial bioeconomy. The thermochemical and biological processes like anaerobic digestion, composting and , etc., that generate distinctive products like bio-chemicals, biofuels, biofertilizers, animal feed and biomaterial, etc can be employed for AOW valorization. Integrating these processes can enhanced the yield and resource recovery sustainably. Thus, employing biorefinery approaches with allied different methods can link to the progression of circular bioeconomy. This review article mainly focused on the different biological processes and thermochemical that can be occupied for the production of waste to-energy and multi-bio-product in a series of reaction based on sustainability. Therefore, the biorefinery for AOW move towards identification of the serious of the reaction with each individual thermochemical and biological processes for the conversion of one-dimensional providences to circular bioeconomy.

2.
Bioresour Technol ; 309: 123294, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32283482

RESUMO

This work studied the hydrothermal liquefaction of rice husk (RH) and cow dung (CD) for the production of biochar from RH and CD and use of that biochar for the removal of dye from textile industry effluent. These biomasses were subjected to fast pyrolysis (500 °C), which yielded biochar (22.8 and 29.8%) and bio-oil (60.4 and 57.3%) from RH and CD, respectively. Biochar was characterized based on spectroscopy Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and morphological studies like Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and SEM-EDS. Further, bio-oil samples were characterized by GC-MS into saturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, carboxylic acids, phenolics and aromatic hydrocarbons. The removal efficiencies of the Congo red dye from prepared biochar in a batch experiment were 66.8-96.9%(RH) and 68.9-98.8%(CD). The adsorption isotherms for Langmuir (R2 = 0.977 and 0.902) and Freundlich (R2 0.842 and 0.883) were calculated for RH and CD biochar, respectively.


Assuntos
Oryza , Adsorção , Animais , Bovinos , Carvão Vegetal , Feminino , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Indústria Têxtil
3.
Bioresour Technol ; 307: 123203, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222690

RESUMO

In the present study, a hybrid treatment system (biological and ozonation) was developed and used in the decolorization of Congo red (CR) dye. The biological treatment was performed in packed bed bioreactor (PBBR) containing Arjuna (Terminalia Arjuna) seeds biochar immobilized with Providencia stuartii, whereas ozonation was carried out in an ozone reactor. The process variables such as temperature, process time, and inoculum size were optimized and found to be 30 °C, 2 48 h, and 3 × 105 CFU/mL, respectively with 92.0 ± 5.0% of dye decolorization. Furthermore, biologically treated effluent was subject to ozone treatment for the decolorization of the remaining CR dye. The hybrid approach reveals almost complete decolorization of Congo red (CR) dye. The kinetic study of microbial growth was examined by Monod model. In addition, the cost analysis estimation for the removal of CR dye was done, and removal per liter was found to be economic.


Assuntos
Vermelho Congo , Terminalia , Biodegradação Ambiental , Carvão Vegetal , Corantes , Sementes
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