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1.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 143: 112209, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649343

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alveolar hypercoagulation and fibrinolytic inhibition are important characteristics during acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and NF-κB p65 signaling pathway is involved to regulate these pathophysiologies. We hypothesize that targeting NF-κB signal pathway could ameliorate alveolar hypercoagulation and fibrinolyitc inhibition, thus attenuating lung injury in ARDS. PURPOSE: We explore the efficacy and the potential mechanism of andrographolide sulfonate (Andro-S) on alveolar hypercoagulation and fibrinolytic inhibition in LPS-induced ARDS in mice. METHODS: ARDS was made by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) inhalation in C57BLmice. Andrographolide sulfonate (2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally given to the mice (once a day for three consecutive days) before LPS administration. NEMO binding domain peptide (NBD), an inhibitor of NF-κB, was used as the positive control and it replaced Andro-S in mice of NBD group. Mice in normal control received saline instead of LPS. Lung tissues and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were collected for analysis of alveolar coagulation, fibrinolytic inhibition as well as of pulmonary inflammatory response after 8 h of LPS inhalation. NF-κB signal pathway in lung tissue was simultaneously determined. RESULTS: Andro-S dose-dependently inhibited tissue factor (TF) and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 expressions either in mRNA or in protein in lung tissue of ARDS mice, and it also decreased the concentrations of TF, PAI-1, thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT), procollagen peptide type Ⅲ (PⅢP) while promoting the production of activated protein C (APC) in BALF. Meanwhile, Andro-S effectively inhibited inflammatory response (interleukin 1ß and myeloperoxidase) induced by LPS. LPS stimulation dramatically activated NF-κB signal pathway, indicated by increased expressions of phosphorylation of p65 (p-p65), p-IKKα/ß and p-IκBα and the higher p65-DNA binding activity, which were all dose-dependently reversed by Andro-S. Andro-S and NBD presented similar efficacies. CONCLUSIONS: Andro-S treatment improves alveolar hypercoagulation and fibrinolytic inhibition and attenuates pulmonary inflammation in LPS-induced ARDS in mice partly through NF-κB pathway inactivation. The drug is expected to be an effective choice for ARDS.

2.
J Hematol Oncol ; 14(1): 165, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although adjuvant transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for resected hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) may improve survival for some patients, identifying which patients can benefit remains challenging. The present study aimed to construct a survival prediction calculator for individualized estimating the net survival benefit of adjuvant TACE for patients with resected HCC. METHODS: From a multicenter database, consecutive patients undergoing curative resection for HCC were enrolled and divided into the developing and validation cohorts. Using the independent survival predictors in the developing cohort, two nomogram models were constructed for patients with and without adjuvant TACE, respectively, which predictive performance was validated internally and externally by measuring concordance index (C-index) and calibration. The difference between two estimates of the prediction models was the expected survival benefit of adjuvant TACE. RESULTS: A total of 2514 patients met the inclusion criteria for the study. The nomogram prediction models for patients with and without adjuvant TACE were, respectively, built by incorporating the same eight independent survival predictors, including portal hypertension, Child-Pugh score, alpha-fetoprotein level, tumor size and number, macrovascular and microvascular invasion, and resection margin. These two prediction models demonstrated good calibration and discrimination, with all the C-indexes of greater than 0.75 in the developing and validation cohorts. A browser-based calculator was generated for individualized estimating the net survival benefit of adjuvant TACE. CONCLUSIONS: Based on large-scale real-world data, an easy-to-use online calculator can be adopted as a decision aid to predict which patients with resected HCC can benefit from adjuvant TACE.

3.
J Hepatol ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a primary liver cancer with high aggressiveness and extremely poor prognosis. The role of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in ICC carcinogenesis and progression remains to be determined. METHODS: CircRNA microarray was performed to screen significantly up-regulated circRNAs in paired ICC and non-tumor tissues. Colony formation, transwell, and xenograft models were used to examine the role of circRNAs in ICC proliferation and metastasis. RNA pulldown, mass spectrometry, chromatin immunoprecipitation, RNA binding protein immunoprecipitation, chromatin isolation by RNA purification, electrophoretic mobility shift assay, and luciferase reporter assays were used to explore the molecular sponge role of the circRNA via binding to miRNAs, and the interaction between circRNA and RNA-binding proteins. RESULTS: Hsa_circ_0050898, which originated from exon 1 to exon 20 of the ACTN4 gene (named as circACTN4), was significantly upregulated in ICC. High circACTN4 expression was associated with enhanced tumor proliferation and metastasis in vitro and in vivo, as well as a worse prognosis following ICC resection. In addition, circACTN4 upregulated Yes-associated protein1 (YAP1) expression by sponging miR-424-5p. More importantly, circACTN4 also recruited Y-box binding protein 1 (YBX1) to stimulate Frizzled-7 (FZD7) transcription. Furthermore, circACTN4 overexpression in ICC cells enhanced the interaction between YAP1 and ß-catenin, which are the core components of the Hippo and Wnt signaling pathways, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: CircACTN4 was upregulated in ICC and promoted ICC proliferation and metastasis by acting as a molecular sponge of miR-424-5p, as well as by interacting with YBX1 to transcriptionally activate FZD7. These results suggested that circACTN4 is a potential prognostic marker and therapeutic target for ICC. LAY SUMMARY: A circular RNA (circACTN4) was highly expressed in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). The expression level of circACTN4 was positively associated with tumor growth and metastasis through both the Hippo and Wnt signaling pathways.

4.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; : 1-10, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is plausible that gene polymorphisms in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-18 may affect predisposition to microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus (DM), but the results of the so far published studies remain controversial. OBJECTIVES: We conducted this meta-analysis to clarify relationships between TNF-α/IL-1/IL-4/IL-8/IL-18 polymorphisms and predisposition to microvascular complications of DM by pooling the findings of eligible studies. METHODS: A comprehensive search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and CNKI was endorsed by us to identify already published studies. Forty-nine studies were found to be eligible for the meta-analyses. RESULTS: The pooled meta-analyses results showed that genotypic frequencies of TNF-α -238 G/A, TNF-α -308 G/A, TNF-α -1,031 T/C, IL-1A -889 C/T, IL-1B -511 C/T, IL-6 -572 G/C, and IL-18 -137 G/C polymorphisms among patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN) and controls differed significantly. Moreover, genotypic frequencies of TNF-α -238 G/A and IL-8 -251 A/T polymorphisms among patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) and controls also differed significantly. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis suggested that TNF-α -238 G/A, TNF-α -308 G/A, TNF-α -1,031 T/C, IL-1A -889 C/T, IL-1B -511 C/T, IL-6 -572 G/C, and IL-18 -137 G/C polymorphisms may affect predisposition of DN. Moreover, TNF-α -238 G/A and IL-8 -251 A/T polymorphisms may affect predisposition of DR.

5.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409542

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine prognostic differences between liver resection (LR) and percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) based on preoperative predicted microvascular invasion (MVI) risk. METHODS: Data on consecutive patients who underwent LR (n = 1344) or PRFA (n = 853) for hepatitis B virus-related HCC within the Milan criteria (MC) were analyzed. A preoperative nomogram was used to estimate MVI risk. Overall survival (OS), time to recurrence, and patterns of recurrence were compared using propensity score matching. RESULTS: The concordance indices of the nomogram to predict MVI were 0.813 and 0.781 among LR patients with HCC within the MC or ≤ 3 cm, respectively. LR and PRFA resulted in similar 5-year recurrence and OS for patients with nomogram-predicted low-risk of MVI. LR provided better 5-year recurrence and OS versus PRFA for patients with high-risk of MVI (71.6% vs. 80.7%, p = 0.013; 47.9% vs. 34.0%, p = 0.002, for HCC within the MC; 62.3% vs. 78.8%, p = 0.020; 63.6% vs. 38.3%, p = 0.015, for HCC ≤ 3 cm). Among high-risk patients, LR was associated with lower recurrence and improved OS compared with PRFA, on multivariate analysis [hazard ratio (HR) 0.78, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.63-0.97, and HR 0.68, 95% CI 0.52-0.88, for HCC within the MC; HR 0.51, 95% CI 0.32-0.81, and HR 0.47, 95% CI 0.26-0.84, for HCC ≤ 3 cm], and resulted in less early and local recurrence than PRFA (42.4% vs. 54.8%, p = 0.007, and 31.2% vs. 46.1%, p = 0.007, for HCC within the MC; 27.9% vs. 50.8%, p = 0.016, and 15.6% vs. 39.5%, p = 0.046, for HCC ≤ 3 cm). CONCLUSIONS: LR was oncologically superior over PRFA for early HCC patients with predicted high-risk of MVI. LR was associated with better local disease control than PRFA in these patients.

6.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(25): 3863-3876, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between PPARGC1A rs8192678 and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) requires further confirmation. In addition, it is still unknown whether PPARGC1A rs8192678 is associated with hepatic histological features in NAFLD in the Chinese population. AIM: To investigate the interaction between PPARGC1A rs8192678 and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and whether this polymorphism is associated with hepatic histological features. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients with liver biopsy-proven NAFLD and 93 healthy controls were recruited to a cohort representing the Chinese Han population. The SAF (steatosis, activity, and fibrosis) scoring system was used for hepatic histopathological evaluation. The polymorphisms of PPARGC1A rs8192678 and patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3) rs738409 were genotyped. The intrahepatic mRNA expression of PPARGC1A was evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients with NAFLD had NASH, of which 12 were nonobese. The PPARGC1A rs8192678 risk A allele (carrying GA and AA genotypes) had the lowest P value in the dominant model; the odds ratio (OR) for NAFLD was 2.321 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.121-4.806]. After adjusting for age, sex, and the PNPLA3 rs738409 risk G allele, the PPARGC1A rs8192678 A allele was a risk factor for NAFLD (OR 2.202, 95%CI: 1.030-4.705, P = 0.042). The genetic analysis showed that patients with NAFLD, moderate-to-severe steatosis (S2-3), and Activity 2-4 (A ≥ 2) were more likely to carry A in PPARGC1A rs8192678 (OR 5.000, 95%CI: 1.343-18.620, P = 0.012; and OR 4.071, 95%CI: 1.076-15.402, P = 0.031). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that PPARGC1A rs8192678 risk A allele was also independently associated with S2-3, A ≥ 2, and NASH (OR 6.190, 95%CI: 1.508-25.410, P = 0.011; OR 4.506, 95%CI 1.070-18.978, P = 0.040; and OR 6.337, 95%CI: 1.135-35.392, P = 0.035, respectively) after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, and PNPLA3 rs738409 risk G allele. The results also showed that this polymorphism was associated with nonobese NASH (OR 22.000, 95%CI: 1.540-314.292, P = 0.021). The intrahepatic expression of PPARGC1A mRNA was significantly lower in the group of patients who carried the risk A allele (P = 0.014). CONCLUSION: The PPARGC1A rs8192678 risk A allele is associated with NAFLD, and with S2-3, A ≥ 2 and NASH in NAFLD patients, independent of PNPLA3 rs738409, and may be associated with nonobese NASH.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Lipase/genética , Fígado/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
7.
Crit Care ; 25(1): 243, 2021 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Septic shock comprises a heterogeneous population, and individualized resuscitation strategy is of vital importance. The study aimed to identify subclasses of septic shock with non-supervised learning algorithms, so as to tailor resuscitation strategy for each class. METHODS: Patients with septic shock in 25 tertiary care teaching hospitals in China from January 2016 to December 2017 were enrolled in the study. Clinical and laboratory variables were collected on days 0, 1, 2, 3 and 7 after ICU admission. Subclasses of septic shock were identified by both finite mixture modeling and K-means clustering. Individualized fluid volume and norepinephrine dose were estimated using dynamic treatment regime (DTR) model to optimize the final mortality outcome. DTR models were validated in the eICU Collaborative Research Database (eICU-CRD) dataset. RESULTS: A total of 1437 patients with a mortality rate of 29% were included for analysis. The finite mixture modeling and K-means clustering robustly identified five classes of septic shock. Class 1 (baseline class) accounted for the majority of patients over all days; class 2 (critical class) had the highest severity of illness; class 3 (renal dysfunction) was characterized by renal dysfunction; class 4 (respiratory failure class) was characterized by respiratory failure; and class 5 (mild class) was characterized by the lowest mortality rate (21%). The optimal fluid infusion followed the resuscitation/de-resuscitation phases with initial large volume infusion and late restricted volume infusion. While class 1 transitioned to de-resuscitation phase on day 3, class 3 transitioned on day 1. Classes 1 and 3 might benefit from early use of norepinephrine, and class 2 can benefit from delayed use of norepinephrine while waiting for adequate fluid infusion. CONCLUSIONS: Septic shock comprises a heterogeneous population that can be robustly classified into five phenotypes. These classes can be easily identified with routine clinical variables and can help to tailor resuscitation strategy in the context of precise medicine.

8.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 139: 111569, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243622

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alveolar hypercoagulation and fibrinolysis inhibition were associated with the refractory hypoxemia and the high mortality in patient with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and NF-κB pathway was confirmed to contribute to the process. Triptolide (TP) significantly inhibited NF-κB pathway and thus depressed accessive inflammatory response in ARDS. We speculate that TP could improve alveolar hypercoagulation and fibrinolytic inhibition in LPS-induced ARDS via NF-κB inactivation. PURPOSE: The aim of this experiment was to explore the efficacy and potential mechanism of TP on alveolar hypercoagulation and fibrinolysis inhibition in LPS-induced ARDS in mice. METHODS: 50 µl of LPS (5 mg/ml) was inhalationally given to C57BL/6 mice to set up ARDS model. Male mice were randomly accepted with LPS, LPS + TP (1 µg/kg, 10 µg/kg, 50 µg/kg respectively), or with NEMO Binding domain peptide (NBD), an inhibitor of NF-κB. TP (1 µg/kg, 10 µg/kg, 50 µg/kg) were intraperitoneally injected or 10 µg/50 µl of NBD solution were inhaled 30 min before LPS inhalation. A same volume of normal saline (NS) substituted for TP in mice in control. The endpoint of experiment was at 8 hours after LPS stimulation. Pulmonary tissues were taken for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, wet / dry ratio and for lung injury scores (LIS). Tissue factor (TF) and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 in lung tissue were detected by Western-blotting and by quantitative Real-time PCR(qPCR) respectively. Concentrations of TF, PAI-1, thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT), procollagen peptide type Ⅲ (PⅢP) and activated protein C (APC) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured by ELISA. NF-κB activation and p65-DNA binding activity in pulmonary tissue were simultaneously determined. RESULTS: LPS stimulation resulted in pulmonary edema, neutrophils infiltration, obvious alveolar collapse, interstitial congestion, with high LIS, which were all dose-dependently ameliorated by Triptolide. LPS also dramatically promoted the expressions of TF and PAI-1 either in mRNA or in protein in lung tissue, and significantly stimulated the secretions of TF, PAI-1, TAT, PⅢP but inhibited APC production in BALF, which were all reversed by triptolide treatment in dose-dependent manner. TP dose-dependently inhibited the activation of NF-κB pathway induced by LPS, indicated by the changes of phosphorylations of p65 (p-p65), p-IKKα/ß and p-IκBα, and weakened p65-DNA binding activity. TP and NBD had same efficacies either on alveolar hypercoagulation and fibrinolysis inhibition or on NF-κB signalling pathway in ARDS mice. CONCLUSIONS: TP dose-dependently improves alveolar hypercoagulation and fibrinolysis inhibition in ARDS mice through inhibiting NF-κB signaling pathway. Our data demonstrate that TP is expected to be an effective selection in ARDS.


Assuntos
Diterpenos/farmacologia , Fibrinólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fenantrenos/farmacologia , Trombofilia/induzido quimicamente , Trombofilia/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Compostos de Epóxi/farmacologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Trombofilia/metabolismo , Tromboplastina/metabolismo
9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 187: 232-239, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314791

RESUMO

Sulfonated lignin-derived ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC-SO3H) solid acid was synthesized through solvent evaporation induced self-assembly (EISA) method followed by sulfonation, using lignin as carbon precursor and glyoxal as cross-linking agent during the preparation process. The as-synthesized OMC-SO3H exhibited a typical 2D hexagonal meso-structure (space group p6mm) and showed a good catalytic performance for the catalytic conversion of hemicellulose-derived xylose to furfural. A highest furfural yield of 76.7% with 100% xylose conversion was achieved at 200 °C for 45 min in γ-valerolactone (GVL)-water (85:15 v/v%) mixture. The lignin-derived OMC-SO3H solid acid catalyst showed superior stability and reusability, and was also applicable to the catalytic production of furfural from xylan. This work provides a promising strategy for the synthesis of ordered mesoporous carbon solid acid from green and sustainable lignin biomass resource, which has wide range of applications in the utilization of cellulose and hemicellulose.

10.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34241803

RESUMO

Aberrant regulation of DNA methylation plays a crucial causative role in haematological malignancies (HMs). Targeted therapy, aiming for DNA methylation, is an effective mainstay of modern medicine; however, many issues remain to be addressed. The progress of epigenetic studies and the proposed theory of "state-target medicine" have provided conditions to form a new treatment paradigm that combines the "body state adjustment" of CM with targeted therapy. We discussed the correlation between Chinese medicine (CM) syndromes/states and DNA methylation in this paper. Additionally, the latest research findings on the intervention and regulation of DNA methylation in HMs, including the core targets, therapy status, CM compounds and active components of the Chinese materia medica were concisely summarized to establish a theoretical foundation of "state-target synchronous conditioning" pattern of integrative medicine for HMs, simultaneously leading a new perspective in clinical diagnosis and therapy.

11.
J Diabetes Investig ; 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255930

RESUMO

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Identifying diabetes-susceptible genetic variants will help to provide personalized therapy for the management of type 2 diabetes. Previous studies have reported a genetic risk score (GRS), computed by the sum of nuclear DNA (nDNA) risk alleles, that may predict the future requirement for insulin therapy. Although mitochondrial dysfunction has a close association with insulin resistance (IR), there are few studies investigating whether genetic variants of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) will affect the clinical characteristics of type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mitochondrial haplogroups were determined using mtDNA whole genome next generation sequencing and 13 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in nDNA susceptibility loci of 13 genes in 604 Taiwanese subjects with type 2 diabetes. A GRS of nDNA was computed by summation of the number of risk alleles. The correlation between the mtDNA haplogroup and the clinical characteristics of type 2 diabetes was assessed by logistic regression analysis. The results were compared with the GRS subgroups for the risk of insulin requirement. RESULTS: Mitochondrial haplogroups modulate the clinical characteristics of type 2 diabetes, in which patients harboring haplogroup D4, compared with those harboring non-D4 haplotypes, were less prone to require insulin treatment, after adjusting for age, gender, and diabetes duration. However, there was no association between insulin requirement and GRS calculated from nuclear genetic variants. CONCLUSIONS: Mitochondrial haplogroups, but not nuclear genetic variants, have a better association with the insulin requirement. The results highlight the role of mitochondria in the management of common metabolic diseases.

13.
Lab Chip ; 21(16): 3086-3093, 2021 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34160518

RESUMO

Digital nucleic acid analysis (digital NAA) is an important tool for the precise quantification of nucleic acids. Various microfluidic-based approaches for digital NAA have been developed, but most methods require complex auxiliary control instruments, cumbersome device fabrication, or inconvenient preparation processes. A SlipChip is a microfluidic device that can generate and manipulate liquid partitions through simple movements of two microfluidic plates in close contact. However, the traditional SlipChip requires accurate alignment of microfeatures on different plates; therefore, the dimensions of the microwells and density of partitions can be constrained. Here, we developed a droplet array SlipChip (da-SlipChip) that can form droplets of various sizes at high density in a single slipping step. This process does not require precise overlapping microfeatures on different plates; therefore, the design flexibility and partition density can be significantly increased. We quantified SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acids extracted from the COVID-19 pseudovirus by digital loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) on a da-SlipChip with 21 696 of 0.25 nL droplets, and the results were in good agreement with those of the commercial digital PCR method of Stilla. Furthermore, we demonstrated a random-access system with a single-throughput fluorescence imager and a stackable thermal control instrument with nine independent heating modules. This random-access system with the da-SlipChip can greatly improve the total throughput and flexibility for digital isothermal nucleic acid quantification and significantly reduce the total waiting time.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ácidos Nucleicos , Humanos , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34160742

RESUMO

Surgical resection is the only potentially curative treatment for patients with resectable perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC). There is still no consensus on the value of lymphadenectomy despite evidence indicating lymph node (LN) status is an important prognostic indicator for postoperative long-term survival. We sought to perform a meta-analysis to summarize the current evidence on the value of lymphadenectomy among patients undergoing surgery for PHC. The PubMed (OvidSP), Embase and Cochrane Library were systematically searched for studies published before July 2020 that reported on lymphadenectomy at the time of surgery for PHC after curative surgery. 7748 patients from 28 studies were included in the meta-analysis. No survival benefit was identified with increased number of LN resected (all P > 0.05). Meanwhile, overall LN status was an important prognostic factor. Patients with lymph node metastasis had a pooled estimate hazard ratio of death that was over two-fold higher than patients without lymph node metastasis (HR 2.07, 95% CI 1.65-2.59, P < 0.001). The examination of 5 LNs on histology was associated with better staging of lymph node status and stratification of patients into positive or negative LN groups. While the extent of LN dissection was not associated with a survival benefit, examination of more than 5 LNs better staged patients into positive or negative LN groups with a lower risk of nodal understaging.

15.
Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 12(3): 857-871, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33989817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Butyric acid is an intestinal microbiota-produced short-chain fatty acid, which exerts salutary effects on alleviating nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the underlying mechanism of butyrate on regulating hepatic lipid metabolism is largely unexplored. METHODS: A mouse model of NAFLD was induced with high-fat diet feeding, and sodium butyrate (NaB) intervention was initiated at the eighth week and lasted for 8 weeks. Hepatic steatosis was evaluated and metabolic pathways concerning lipid homeostasis were analyzed. RESULTS: Here, we report that administration of NaB by gavage once daily for 8 weeks causes an augmentation of insulin-induced gene (Insig) activity and inhibition of lipogenic gene in mice fed with high-fat diet. Mechanistically, NaB is sufficient to enhance the interaction between Insig and its upstream kinase AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). The stimulatory effects of NaB on Insig-1 activity are abolished in AMPKα1/α2 double knockout (AMPK-/-) mouse primary hepatocytes. Moreover, AMPK activation by NaB is mediated by LKB1, as evidenced by the observations showing NaB-mediated induction of phosphorylation of AMPK, and its downstream target acetyl-CoA carboxylase is diminished in LKB1-/- mouse embryonic fibroblasts. CONCLUSIONS: These studies indicate that NaB serves as a negative regulator of hepatic lipogenesis in NAFLD and that NaB attenuates hepatic steatosis and improves lipid profile and liver function largely through the activation of LKB1-AMPK-Insig signaling pathway. Therefore, NaB has therapeutic potential for treating NAFLD and related metabolic diseases.

16.
Gut ; 2021 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34001645

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Liver biopsy is still needed for fibrosis staging in many patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The aims of this study were to evaluate the individual diagnostic performance of liver stiffness measurement by vibration controlled transient elastography (LSM-VCTE), Fibrosis-4 Index (FIB-4) and NAFLD (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) Fibrosis Score (NFS) and to derive diagnostic strategies that could reduce the need for liver biopsies. DESIGN: Individual patient data meta-analysis of studies evaluating LSM-VCTE against liver histology was conducted. FIB-4 and NFS were computed where possible. Sensitivity, specificity and area under the receiver operating curve (AUROC) were calculated. Biomarkers were assessed individually and in sequential combinations. RESULTS: Data were included from 37 primary studies (n=5735; 45% women; median age: 54 years; median body mass index: 30 kg/m2; 33% had type 2 diabetes; 30% had advanced fibrosis). AUROCs of individual LSM-VCTE, FIB-4 and NFS for advanced fibrosis were 0.85, 0.76 and 0.73. Sequential combination of FIB-4 cut-offs (<1.3; ≥2.67) followed by LSM-VCTE cut-offs (<8.0; ≥10.0 kPa) to rule-in or rule-out advanced fibrosis had sensitivity and specificity (95% CI) of 66% (63-68) and 86% (84-87) with 33% needing a biopsy to establish a final diagnosis. FIB-4 cut-offs (<1.3; ≥3.48) followed by LSM cut-offs (<8.0; ≥20.0 kPa) to rule out advanced fibrosis or rule in cirrhosis had a sensitivity of 38% (37-39) and specificity of 90% (89-91) with 19% needing biopsy. CONCLUSION: Sequential combinations of markers with a lower cut-off to rule-out advanced fibrosis and a higher cut-off to rule-in cirrhosis can reduce the need for liver biopsies.

17.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 47(10): 2551-2560, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33934940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Postoperative morbidity following hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is common and its impact on long-term oncological outcome remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate if postoperative morbidity impacts long-term survival and recurrence following hepatectomy for HCC. METHODS: The data from a multicenter Chinese database of curative-intent hepatectomy for HCC were analyzed, and independent risks of postoperative 30-day morbidity were identified. After excluding patients with postoperative early deaths (≤90 days), early (≤2 years) and late (>2 years) recurrence rates, overall survival (OS), and time-to-recurrence (TTR) were compared between patients with and without postoperative morbidity. RESULTS: Among 2,161 patients eligible for the study, 758 (35.1%) had postoperative 30-day morbidity. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that diabetes mellitus, obesity, Child-Pugh grade B, cirrhosis, and intraoperative blood transfusion were independent risks of postoperative morbidity. The rates of early and late recurrence among patients with postoperative morbidity were higher than those without (50.7% vs. 38.8%, P < 0.001; and 41.7% vs. 34.1%, P = 0.017). Postoperative morbidity was associated with decreased OS (median: 48.1 vs. 91.6 months, P < 0.001) and TTR (median: 19.8 vs. 46.1 months; P < 0.001). After adjustment of confounding factors, multivariable Cox-regression analyses revealed that postoperative morbidity was associated with a 27.8% and 18.7% greater likelihood of mortality (hazard ratio 1.278; 95% confidence interval: 1.126-1.451; P < 0.001) and recurrence (1.187; 1.058-1.331; P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: This large multicenter study provides strong evidence that postoperative morbidity adversely impacts long-term oncologic prognosis after hepatectomy for HCC. The prevention and management of postoperative morbidity may be oncologically important.

18.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 33(4): 410-415, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34053482

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of NEMO binding domain peptide (NBDP) on lung inflammation and apoptosis in mice with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and its mechanism. METHODS: Thirty-six male BALB/c mice were divided into normal saline (NS) control group, ARDS model group, NBDP negative control group and 6, 12 and 18 µg NBDP pretreatment group by random number table method, with 6 mice in each group. ARDS mouse model was reproduced by aerosol inhalation lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 50 µL. An equivalent among of NS was inhaled in NS control group. The mice in NBDP negative control group were inhaled the materials similar to the non-functional NBDP 30 minutes before the aerosol inhalation LPS; 6, 12 and 18 µg of NBDP 50 µL were respectively inhaled in NBDP pretreatment groups. After inhalation of LPS for 6 hours, mice were sacrificed to get lung tissue and observe the degree of pathological injury and edema. Western blotting was used to detect the phosphorylation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathway related proteins [NF-κB inhibitor (IκB) kinaseα/ß(IKKα/ß), IκBα and NF-κB p65; p-IKKα/ß, p-IκBα, p-p65] and the expression of caspase-3 in lung tissue. The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected and the levels of inflammatory markers such as myeloperoxidase (MPO), interleukins (IL-1ß, IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: ARDS model group had severe edema and hemorrhage, alveolar structure destruction, pulmonary hemorrhage and hyaline membrane formation etc. under light microscope, consistent with the pathological characteristics of ARDS lung tissue, suggesting that the ARDS model was successfully reproduced. ELISA showed that MPO, IL-1ß, IL-8 and TNF-α levels of BALF in ARDS model group were obviously higher than those in NS control group. There were no significant differences in the above inflammatory indicators between NBDP negative control group and ARDS model group. The levels of MPO, IL-1ß, IL-8 and TNF-α in NBDP pretreatment groups were significantly lower than those in ARDS model group in a dose-dependent manner, especially in 18 µg NBDP, the differences were statistically significant as compared with ARDS model group [MPO (ng/L): 393.32±19.35 vs. 985.87±101.50, IL-1ß (ng/L): 43.05±5.11 vs. 97.68±10.88, IL-8 (ng/L): 84.64±2.32 vs. 204.00±17.37, TNF-α (ng/L): 229.13±17.03 vs. 546.73±62.72, all P < 0.05]. Western blotting showed that p-IKKα/ß, p-IκBα, p-p65 and caspase-3 protein expressions in ARDS model group were significantly higher than those in NS control group. There was no significant difference in above NF-κB pathway and apoptosis-related protein expression between the NBDP negative control group and ARDS model group. The p-IKKα/ß, p-IκBα, p-p65 and caspase-3 protein expression in NBDP pretreatment groups were significantly lower than those in ARDS model group in a dose-dependent manner, especially in 18 µg NBDP, the differences were statistically significant as compared with ARDS model group [p-IKKα/ß protein (p-IKKα/ß/ß-actin): 0.15±0.02 vs. 0.42±0.04, p-IκBα protein (p-IκBα/ß-actin): 0.10±0.01 vs. 0.93±0.30, p-p65 protein (p-p65/ß-actin): 0.22±0.05 vs. 1.37±0.21, all P < 0.05]. CONCLUSIONS: NBDP can inhibit inflammatory response and apoptosis in ARDS lung tissue in a dose-dependent manner, and its mechanism is associated with interference NF-κB signaling pathway transduction.


Assuntos
Pneumonia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Animais , Apoptose , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular , Pulmão , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Peptídeos
19.
Clin Cancer Res ; 27(13): 3772-3783, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947693

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intratumoral hepatitis B virus (HBV) integrations and mutations are related to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression. Circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) has shown itself as a powerful noninvasive biomarker for cancer. However, the HBV integration and mutation landscape on cfDNA remains unclear. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A cSMART (Circulating Single-Molecule Amplification and Resequencing Technology)-based method (SIM) was developed to simultaneously investigate HBV integration and mutation landscapes on cfDNA with HBV-specific primers covering the whole HBV genome. Patients with HCC (n = 481) and liver cirrhosis (LC; n = 517) were recruited in the study. RESULTS: A total of 6,861 integration breakpoints including TERT and KMT2B were discovered in HCC cfDNA, more than in LC. The concentration of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) was positively correlated with the detection rate of these integration hotspots and total HBV integration events in cfDNA. To track the origin of HBV integrations in cfDNA, whole-genome sequencing (WGS) was performed on their paired tumor tissues. The paired comparison of WGS data from tumor tissues and SIM data from cfDNA confirmed most recurrent integration events in cfDNA originated from tumor tissue. The mutational landscape across the whole HBV genome was first generated for both HBV genotype C and B. A region from nt1100 to nt1500 containing multiple HCC risk mutation sites (OR > 1) was identified as a potential HCC-related mutational hot zone. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides an in-depth delineation of HBV integration/mutation landscapes at cfDNA level and did a comparative analysis with their paired tissues. These findings shed light on the possibilities of noninvasive detection of virus insertion/mutation.

20.
HPB (Oxford) ; 23(9): 1456-1466, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814298

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To improve the prognostic accuracy of the 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) with establishment and validation of a modified TNM (mTNM) staging system. METHODS: Data on patients who underwent curative-intent resection for ICC was collected from 15 high-volume centers worldwide (n = 643). An external validation dataset was obtained from the SEER registry (n = 797). The mTNM staging system was proposed by redefining T categories, and incorporating the recently proposed N status as N0 (no lymph node metastasis [LNM]), N1 (1-2 LNM) and N2 (≥3 LNM). RESULTS: The 8th AJCC TNM staging system failed to stratify overall survival (OS) of stage II versus IIIA, stage IIIB versus IV, as well as overall stage III versus IV among all patients from the two databases, as well as stage I versus II, and stage III versus III among patients who had ≥6 LNs examined. There was a monotonic decrement in survival based on the proposed mTNM staging classification among patients derived from both the multi-institutional (Median OS, stage I 69.8 vs. II 37.1 vs. III 18.9 vs. IV 16.4 months, all p < 0.05), and SEER (Median OS, stage I 87.0 vs. II 29.3 vs. III 17.7 vs. IV 14.2 months, all p < 0.05) datasets, which was also verified among patients who had ≥6 lymph node harvested from both databases. CONCLUSION: The modified TNM staging system for ICC using the new T and N definitions provided an improved means to stratify patients relative to long-term OS versus the 8th AJCC staging.

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