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1.
Gynecol Obstet Invest ; 86(4): 388-397, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515131

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of berberine on polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) with insulin resistance (IR). DESIGN: This study performed 16S rRNA sequencing and metabolomic analysis on dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)-induced PCOS rats treated with berberine, focusing on the improvement of PCOS-IR by modifying gut microbiota and metabolism. METHODS: Forty-two female Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 experimental groups of 8 rats each (PCOS + HFD, PCOS + HFD + BBR, NCD + PCOS, and NCD + PCOS + BBR groups). Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index-related indicators and hormone level in serum were analyzed. 16S rRNA sequencing and metabolomic analysis were performed on DHEA-induced PCOS rats treated with berberine. In addition, the differential microbiotas and metabolites were screened. Also, enrichment analysis was carried out on the differential metabolites. Finally, we constructed a correlation network to analyze the correlation between differential microbiotas and metabolites. RESULTS: Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes were changed at the phylum level, and Romboutsia, Bacteroides, and Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1 were changed at the genus level after berberine treatment. In addition, a total of 26 differential operational taxonomic units and 3 metabolites (glutamine, unsaturated acids [CH = CH], and glucose) between 2 groups were obtained. Moreover, these metabolites were mainly involved in type 2 diabetes mellitus, 2-component system, and ABC transporter Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways. And, 3 microbiotas (Lachnospiraceae_NC2004_group, Flavonifractor, and Parasutterella) were regulated by glucose and glutamine. LIMITATIONS: The sample size involved in this study is relatively small. In addition, relevant experiments need to be performed to verify the obtained results from this study, and in-depth functional studies are needed. CONCLUSIONS: Berberine is effective in improving the pathological condition in PCOS by regulating the gut microbiotas and metabolites. This study will provide evidence for therapeutic efforts to treat PCOS-IR using berberine.


Assuntos
Berberina , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Resistência à Insulina , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Animais , Berberina/farmacologia , Desidroepiandrosterona , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/induzido quimicamente , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/tratamento farmacológico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
2.
Arch Virol ; 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559313

RESUMO

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) can infect humans, pigs, and many other animals, but recombination in HEV has rarely been reported. In the present study, phylogenetic and recombination analysis was performed on 557 complete HEV genome sequences from the GenBank database. A potentially significant quadruple recombination event was identified by recombination detection analysis. The recombinant progeny virus, HEV_32_Manchester_301214, was produced by inter-genotype recombination between the major parent HEPAC-44 and the minor parent HE-JA15-1335. HEV_32_Manchester_301214 and HEPAC-44 belong to genotype 3, while HE-JA15-1335 belongs to genotype 1, and these three strains were all isolated from humans. Three breakpoints of the four recombination events occurred in the ORF2 region, while another occurred in the ORF1 region. This quadruple recombination event was confirmed by phylogenetic analysis. The genotype, host, and recombination regions of the three strains were analyzed, and the analysis results provide valuable information for future research on HEV diversity.

3.
Bioresour Technol ; 341: 125839, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523562

RESUMO

A Phanerochaete chrysosporium-based aerobic granular sludge (PC-AGS) was developed by inoculating fungal mycelial pellets into a lab-scale aerobic granular sequencing batch reactor (AGSBR). A strategy using step-anaerobic feeding coupled with multi A/O conditions was adopted. The results showed that the removal efficiencies for total phosphorus (TP) and total inorganic nitrogen (TIN) were 94.56 ± 2.92% and 75.20 ± 7.74%, respectively, under relatively low aeration time. Compared with original AGS, the content of extracellular proteins for PC-AGS obviously increased from 18.61 to 41.44 mg/g MLSS by the end of phase I. Moreover, the mature granules had a larger size and better stability during the 100 days operation. Furthermore, the analysis of microbial diversity detected many key functional groups in PC-AGS granules that were beneficial to nutrients removal. This work demonstrated that the addition of fungal pellets not only enhanced the removal performance, but also improved the stability of the AGS system.


Assuntos
Phanerochaete , Esgotos , Aerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Nitrogênio , Nutrientes , Fósforo , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
4.
J Hepatol ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a primary liver cancer with high aggressiveness and extremely poor prognosis. The role of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in ICC carcinogenesis and progression remains to be determined. METHODS: CircRNA microarray was performed to screen significantly up-regulated circRNAs in paired ICC and non-tumor tissues. Colony formation, transwell, and xenograft models were used to examine the role of circRNAs in ICC proliferation and metastasis. RNA pulldown, mass spectrometry, chromatin immunoprecipitation, RNA binding protein immunoprecipitation, chromatin isolation by RNA purification, electrophoretic mobility shift assay, and luciferase reporter assays were used to explore the molecular sponge role of the circRNA via binding to miRNAs, and the interaction between circRNA and RNA-binding proteins. RESULTS: Hsa_circ_0050898, which originated from exon 1 to exon 20 of the ACTN4 gene (named as circACTN4), was significantly upregulated in ICC. High circACTN4 expression was associated with enhanced tumor proliferation and metastasis in vitro and in vivo, as well as a worse prognosis following ICC resection. In addition, circACTN4 upregulated Yes-associated protein1 (YAP1) expression by sponging miR-424-5p. More importantly, circACTN4 also recruited Y-box binding protein 1 (YBX1) to stimulate Frizzled-7 (FZD7) transcription. Furthermore, circACTN4 overexpression in ICC cells enhanced the interaction between YAP1 and ß-catenin, which are the core components of the Hippo and Wnt signaling pathways, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: CircACTN4 was upregulated in ICC and promoted ICC proliferation and metastasis by acting as a molecular sponge of miR-424-5p, as well as by interacting with YBX1 to transcriptionally activate FZD7. These results suggested that circACTN4 is a potential prognostic marker and therapeutic target for ICC. LAY SUMMARY: A circular RNA (circACTN4) was highly expressed in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). The expression level of circACTN4 was positively associated with tumor growth and metastasis through both the Hippo and Wnt signaling pathways.

5.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2021: 9946015, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497666

RESUMO

It is urgent to identify novel biomarkers for prostate cancer (PCa) prognosis and to understand the mechanisms regulating the tumorigenesis for PCa treatment. In this study, GSE17951 and TCGA were used to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Our study demonstrated that 1533 genes with increased expression and 2301 genes with decreased expression in PCa. Bioinformatics analysis data indicated that these up-regulated genes had an association with the modulation of mitotic nuclear division, sister chromatid cohesion, cell division, and cell cycle. Additionally, our results revealed downregulated genes took part in modulating extracellular matrix organization, angiogenesis, signal transduction, and Ras signaling pathway. Hub upregulated and downregulated PPI networks were identified by protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis and MCODE analysis. Of note, 12 cell cycle regulators, comprising CCNB1, CCNB2, PLK1, TTK, AURKA, CDC20, BUB1, PTTG1, CDC45, CDC25C, CCNA2, and BUB1B, were demonstrated to function crucially in PCa development. By detecting their expression in PCa cell lines, we confirmed that these cell cycle regulator expressions were heightened in PCa cells. GEPIA databases analysis showed that higher expression of these cell cycle regulators was correlated to shorter disease-free survival (DFS) time in PCa samples. Our findings collectively suggested targeting cell cycle pathways may offer novel prognosis and treatment biomarkers for PCa.

6.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 105(18): 6921-6930, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476515

RESUMO

Bacteriocins derived from lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are well recognized as promising food preservative due to high safety and potent antibacterial activity against foodborne pathogens and spoilage bacteria. In this study, an antimicrobial agent-producing strain FZU63 from Chinese sauerkraut was identified as Lactobacillus coryniformis based on physio-biochemical characterization and 16S rDNA sequence analysis. In addition, a bacteriocin was purified from the culture supernatant of L. coryniformis FZU63, and its molecular mass was determined as 1493.709 Da. Moreover, the amino acid sequence of the bacteriocin was predicted to be RQQPMTLDYRW-NH2 using nanoliter/microliter liquid chromatography combined with triple quadrupole-linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry and was named as Lactocin 63. Furthermore, Lactocin 63 displays potent antimicrobial activity against the tested Gram-positive and negative bacteria based on the results of determining MICs. Subsequently, the action mode of Lactocin 63 against Shewanella putrefaciens was investigated. The results demonstrated that Lactocin 63 targets and is adsorbed onto the bacterial cell wall and membrane and then disrupts cytoplasmic membrane, which is leading to leakage of cytoplasm according to the results of flow cytometry analysis and the observation of cellular ultra-structure using confocal laser microscopy and atomic force microscopy. Collectively, these results are helpful and providing the theoretical base for developing and applying LAB-derived bacteriocins as promising bio-preservatives to combat foodborne pathogens and spoilage bacteria in seafood industries.Key points• A bacteriocin-producing strain Lactobacillus coryniformis was isolated.• A novel bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus coryniformis FZU63 was characterized.• Action mechanism of the bacteriocin against S. putrefaciens was elucidated in vitro.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Bacteriocinas , Shewanella putrefaciens , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bacteriocinas/genética , Bacteriocinas/farmacologia , Lactobacillus
7.
Adv Mater ; : e2104410, 2021 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486185

RESUMO

Metabolic homeostasis is vital for individual cells to keep alive. Stronger metabolic homeostasis allows bacteria to survive in vivo and do persistent harm to hosts, which is especially typical in implant-associated infection (IAI) with biofilm intervention. Herein, based on the competitive role of selenium (Se) and sulfur (S) in bacteria metabolism as congeners, a congener-induced sulfur-related metabolism interference therapy (SMIT) eradicating IAI is proposed by specific destruction of bacteria metabolic homeostasis. The original nanodrug manganese diselenide (MnSe2 ) is devised to generate permeable H2 Se in bacteria, triggered by the acidic microenvironment. H2 Se, the congener substitution of H2 S, as a bacteria-specific intermediate metabolite, can embed itself into the H2 S-utilization pathway and further alternatively disrupt the downstream sulfur-related metabolism state inside bacteria. A proteomic study indicates ribosome-related proteins are heavily downregulated and the basic metabolic pathways are mainly disordered after SMIT, revealing the destruction of bacteria metabolic homeostasis. The efficiency of SMIT is significantly promoted with the mild temperature sensitization provided by the photothermal treatment (PTT) of MnSe2 nanoparticles, verified by the proteomic study and the anti-IAI effect in vitro and in vivo. With the intelligent nanodrug, a PTT-promoted SMIT strategy against IAI is provided and a new insight into the interference design toward metabolic homeostasis with biochemical similarity is demonstrated.

8.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abnormal morphology and function of neurons in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) are associated with cognitive deficits in rodent models of Alzheimer's disease (AD), particularly in cortical layer-5 pyramidal neurons that integrate inputs from different sources and project outputs to cortical or subcortical structures. Pyramidal neurons in layer-5 of the PFC can be classified as two subtypes depending on the inducibility of prominent hyperpolarization-activated cation currents (h-current). However, the differences in the neurophysiological alterations between these two subtypes in rodent models of AD remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the neurophysiological alterations between two subtypes of pyramidal neurons in hAPP-J20 mice, a transgenic model for early onset AD. METHODS: The synaptic transmission and intrinsic excitability of pyramidal neurons were investigated using whole-cell patch recordings. The morphological complexity of pyramidal neurons was detected by biocytin labelling and subsequent Sholl analysis. RESULTS: We found reduced synaptic transmission and intrinsic excitability of the prominent h-current (PH) cells but not the non-PH cells in hAPP-J20 mice. Furthermore, the function of hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels which mediated h-current was disrupted in the PH cells of hAPP-J20 mice. Sholl analysis revealed that PH cells had less dendritic intersections in hAPP-J20 mice comparing to control mice, implying that a lower morphological complexity might contribute to the reduced neuronal activity. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the PH cells in the medial PFC may be more vulnerable to degeneration in hAPP-J20 mice and play a sustainable role in frontal dysfunction in AD.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487505

RESUMO

This work explores the synchronization issue for singularly perturbed coupled neural networks (SPCNNs) affected by both nonlinear constraints and gain uncertainties, in which a novel double-layer switching regulation containing Markov chain and persistent dwell-time switching regulation (PDTSR) is used. The first layer of switching regulation is the Markov chain to characterize the switching stochastic properties of the systems suffering from random component failures and sudden environmental disturbances. Meanwhile, PDTSR, as the second-layer switching regulation, is used to depict the variations in the transition probability of the aforementioned Markov chain. For systems under double-layer switching regulation, the purpose of the addressed issue is to design a mode-dependent synchronization controller for the network with the desired controller gains calculated by solving convex optimization problems. As such, new sufficient conditions are established to ensure that the synchronization error systems are mean-square exponentially stable with a specified level of the performance. Eventually, the solvability and validity of the proposed control scheme are illustrated through a numerical simulation.

10.
Chem Asian J ; 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581014

RESUMO

Perylene diimide (PDI) is one of the most intensively studied building blocks for the construction of non-fullerene acceptors (NFAs). In this contribution, based on combination of the direct and indirect linkage manners of PDI units at the bay position, a propeller-shaped PDI hexamer T-DPDI was designed and synthesized. The singly bonded PDI dimer DPDI and the benzene ring cored PDI trimer TPDI were synthesized for comparison. The photovoltaic performances of these three PDI derivatives were investigated using the commercially available PTB7-Th as electron donor. A best power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 6.58% was obtained for T-DPDI based organic solar cells (OSCs), which is higher than those of DPDI and TPDI based ones. The superior photovoltaic performance of T-DPDI can be ascribed to its stronger absorption and more favorable morphology. This study presents an interesting example of improving the photovoltaic performances of PDI based NFAs by hybridizing the direct and indirect linkage manners.

11.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16052, 2021 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362983

RESUMO

The proportion of allergic diseases attributable to atopy remains a subject of controversy. This study aimed to estimate the population risk of physician-diagnosed asthma, rhinitis and eczema attributed to atopy among a population sample of Asian school-age children. Asian children aged 5-18 years (n = 1321) in the Prediction of Allergies in Taiwanese CHildren (PATCH) study were tested for serum allergen-specific immunoglobulin E. Physician-diagnosed asthma, rhinitis and eczema were assessed by a modified International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire. Atopy was defined as the presence of serum allergen-specific immunoglobulin E. In this population-based study, 50.4% of the subjects with asthma, 46.3% with rhinitis, and 46.7% with eczema were attributable to atopy. The population attributable risk (PAR) of atopy for three allergic diseases was higher in adolescents (asthma, 54.4%; rhinitis, 59.6%; eczema, 49.5%) than younger children aged less than 10 years (asthma, 46.9%; rhinitis, 39.5%; eczema, 41.9%). Among the seven allergen categories, sensitization to mites had the highest PARs for all three allergic diseases (51.3 to 64.1%), followed by sensitization to foods (asthma, 7.1%; rhinitis, 10.4%; eczema 27.7%). In conclusion, approximately half (46.3 to 50.4%) of Asian children in Taiwan with allergic diseases are attributable to atopy.

12.
Peptides ; 145: 170624, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375684

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of dulaglutide on DHEA induced PCOS rats and its mechanism, to provide new drugs and research directions for clinical treatment of PCOS. METHODS: In this study, the PCOS model was established by giving female SD rats subcutaneous injection of DHEA for 21 consecutive days. After modeling, the treatment group was injected subcutaneously with three doses of dulaglutide for 3 weeks. The model group was injected with sterile ultrapure water, and the normal group did not get any intervention. The body weight changes of rats in each group were recorded from the first day when rats received the administration of dulaglutide. Three weeks later, the rats were fasted the night after the last treatment, determined fasting insulin and fasting glucose the next day. After the rats were anesthetized by chloral hydrate, more blood was collected from the heart of the rat. The serum insulin, testosterone and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels were detected by the enzyme-linked immunoassay method. After removing the adipose tissue, the obtained rat ovary tissue was used for subsequent experimental detection, using HE staining for morphology and follicular development analysis; qRT-PCR for the detection of 3ßHSD, CYP17α1, CYP19α1, and StAR gene expression in ovarian tissue; and western blotting analysis of CYP17α1, CYP19α1, StAR protein expression and insulin level to verify whether dulaglutide has a therapeutic effect on PCOS in rats. RESULTS: After treated with different concentrations of dulaglutide, we found that the body weight of rats in the treatment groups were reduced. Compared with the rats in PCOS group, the serum androgen level of rats in the treatment groups was significantly decreased, and the serum sex hormone binding protein content was significantly increased, and there was statistically significant difference between these groups and PCOS group. In terms of protein expression and gene regulation, the expression of 3ßHSD, CYP19α1 and StAR in the ovarian tissue of rats in treatment groups were decreased significantly after received the treatment of dulaglutide, and there was statistically significant difference between these groups and PCOS group. In addition, dulaglutide reduced the insulin content in the ovarian tissue of PCOS rats. CONCLUSION: Dulaglutide may reduce the hyperandrogenemia of PCOS rats by regulating the content of serum SHBG and the expression of 3ßHSD, CYP19α1, and StAR related genes and proteins, thereby inhibiting the excessive development of small follicles and the formation of cystic follicles in the ovaries of PCOS rats, thereby improving polycystic ovary in PCOS rats. In addition, dulaglutide may reduce the weight of PCOS rats, further reducing the level of high androgen in PCOS rats, and improving the morphology of their polycystic ovaries.

13.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383659

RESUMO

This article focuses on the composite synchronization problem for jumping reaction-diffusion neural networks (NNs) with multiple kinds of disturbances. Due to the existence of disturbance effects, the performance of the aforementioned system would be degraded; therefore, improving the control performance of closed-loop NNs is the main goal of this article. Notably, for these disturbances, one of them can be described as a norm-bounded, and the other is generated by an exogenous model. In order to reject the above one kind of disturbance, a disturbance observer is developed. Furthermore, combining the disturbance observer approach and conventional state-feedback control scheme, a composite disturbance rejection controller is specifically designed to compensate for the influences of the disturbances. Then, some criteria are established based on the general Lyapunov stability theory, which can ensure that the synchronization error system is stochastically stable and satisfies a fixed performance level. A simulation example is finally presented to verify the availability of our developed method.

14.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2021: 5515218, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335862

RESUMO

Urologic cancers, comprising prostate carcinoma (PCa), renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and bladder carcinoma (BCa), were the commonly occurred carcinoma amid males. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) with the length of more than 200 nt functioned importantly in physiological and pathological advancement. Nevertheless, further investigation regarding lncRNA expression feature and function in urologic cancers should be essential. This study is aimed at uncovering the roles of the differently expressed lncRNAs in urologic cancers. The data of gene expression levels was downloaded from lncRNAtor datasets. The lncRNA expression pattern existing in different urologic cancers was assessed by hierarchical clustering analysis. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and KEGG pathway analysis were separately applied to evaluate the biological function and process and the biological pathways involving differently expressed lncRNAs. Our results indicated that 18 lncRNA expressions were increased, and 16 lncRNA expressions were reduced in urologic cancers after comparison with that in normal tissues. Moreover, our results demonstrated 61, 422, 137, and 281 lncRNAs were specifically dysregulated in bladder cancer (BLCA), kidney renal clear cell cancer (KIRC), kidney renal papillary cell cancer (KIRP), and prostate adenocarcinoma (PRAD), respectively. Bioinformatics analysis showed that differently expressed lncRNAs displayed crucially in urologic cancers. The prognostic value of common and cancer-specific differently expressed lncRNAs, such as PVT1, in cancer outcomes, was emphasized here. Our research has deeply unearthed the mechanism of differently expressed lncRNAs in urologic cancers development.

15.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5000, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404805

RESUMO

The successive emergences and accelerating spread of novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) lineages and evolved resistance to some ongoing clinical therapeutics increase the risks associated with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. An urgent intervention for broadly effective therapies to limit the morbidity and mortality of COVID-19 and future transmission events from SARS-related coronaviruses (SARSr-CoVs) is needed. Here, we isolate and humanize an angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2)-blocking monoclonal antibody (MAb), named h11B11, which exhibits potent inhibitory activity against SARS-CoV and circulating global SARS-CoV-2 lineages. When administered therapeutically or prophylactically in the hACE2 mouse model, h11B11 alleviates and prevents SARS-CoV-2 replication and virus-induced pathological syndromes. No significant changes in blood pressure and hematology chemistry toxicology were observed after injections of multiple high dosages of h11B11 in cynomolgus monkeys. Analysis of the structures of the h11B11/ACE2 and receptor-binding domain (RBD)/ACE2 complexes shows hindrance and epitope competition of the MAb and RBD for the receptor. Together, these results suggest h11B11 as a potential therapeutic countermeasure against SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2, and escape variants.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/efeitos dos fármacos , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/administração & dosagem , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/mortalidade , COVID-19/virologia , Chlorocebus aethiops , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Epitopos , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Haplorrinos , Humanos , Macaca fascicularis , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Células Vero , Ativação Viral
16.
Anal Chem ; 93(32): 11200-11207, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346671

RESUMO

Conformational changes of antibodies and other biologics can decrease the effectiveness of pharmaceutical separations. Hence, a detailed mechanistic picture of antibody-stationary phase interactions that occur during ion-exchange chromatography (IEX) can provide critical insights. This work examines antibody conformational changes and how they perturb antibody motion and affect ensemble elution profiles. We combine IEX, three-dimensional single-protein tracking, and circular dichroism spectroscopy to investigate conformational changes of a model antibody, immunoglobulin G (IgG), as it interacts with the stationary phase as a function of salt conditions. The results indicate that the absence of salt enhances electrostatic attraction between IgG and the stationary phase, promotes surface-induced unfolding, slows IgG motion, and decreases elution from the column. Our results reveal previously unreported details of antibody structural changes and their influence on macroscale elution profiles.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulina G , Cloreto de Sódio , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia por Troca Iônica , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
17.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(9): 4257-4266, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34414723

RESUMO

Longzici Spring is an important water source for industry, agriculture, and urban life in Linfen City. With the improvements in public environmental health awareness, it is particularly necessary to study the health risk of posed by metal elements in groundwater. In this study, 43 groundwater samples from Longzici Spring area were analyzed for ten metal elements (As, Cd, Hg, Al, Pb, Co, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Ni). The distribution and health risk of these metal elements in the groundwater were studied using multivariate statistical analysis and a health risk assessment model. The results show that metal elements can be ranked, from high to low, by their average concentrations in groundwater in the following order: Fe, Al, Mn, Ni, As, Cu, Co, Pb, Hg, and Cd. The concentration of Al, Mn, Fe, and As exceed the limit for class Ⅲ water, as defined in the quality standard for groundwater (GB/T 14848-2017). Different types of groundwater in the spring area showed different metal contents. The quality of karst spring water was good, reaching the standard for drinking water, while mine drainage water exceeded the standard for drinking water, with the highest metal concentration (60%) and the worst water quality. Multivariate statistical results show that Pb, Ni, Co, Cd, Mn, and Cu concentrations were mainly affected by the geochemical background, while Al, Fe, Hg, and As concentrations were closely related to human mining activities under the unique geological background of Shanxi Province. The health risk assessment showed that the different types of groundwater could be ranked by the annual total health risks, posed by metal elements to adults and children through drinking water and skin infiltration, as follows: karst well > non-karst spring > non-karst well > karst spring. The health risks mainly came from drinking water, while health risks through skin infiltration would not cause obvious harm to the human body. The metal element causing the greatest health risk in spring groundwater was As, which should therefore be controlled in the utilization of water resources, especially in children's drinking water.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Água Subterrânea , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Metais/análise , Medição de Risco , Qualidade da Água
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34432636

RESUMO

In this article, the exponential synchronization of Markovian jump neural networks (MJNNs) with time-varying delays is investigated via stochastic sampling and looped-functional (LF) approach. For simplicity, it is assumed that there exist two sampling periods, which satisfies the Bernoulli distribution. To model the synchronization error system, two random variables that, respectively, describe the location of the input delays and the sampling periods are introduced. In order to reduce the conservativeness, a time-dependent looped-functional (TDLF) is designed, which takes full advantage of the available information of the sampling pattern. The Gronwall-Bellman inequalities and the discrete-time Lyapunov stability theory are utilized jointly to analyze the mean-square exponential stability of the error system. A less conservative exponential synchronization criterion is derived, based on which a mode-independent stochastic sampled-data controller (SSDC) is designed. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy is demonstrated by a numerical example.

19.
J Hematol Oncol ; 14(1): 134, 2021 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies globally. Despite aggressive and multimodal treatment regimens, the overall survival of HCC patients remains poor. MAIN: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) with covalently closed structures and tissue- or organ-specific expression patterns in eukaryotes. They are highly stable and have important biological functions, including acting as microRNA sponges, protein scaffolds, transcription regulators, translation templates and interacting with RNA-binding protein. Recent advances have indicated that circRNAs present abnormal expression in HCC tissues and that their dysregulation contributes to HCC initiation and progression. Furthermore, researchers have revealed that some circRNAs might serve as diagnostic biomarkers or drug targets in clinical settings. In this review, we systematically evaluate the characteristics, biogenesis, mechanisms and functions of circRNAs in HCC and further discuss the current shortcomings and potential directions of prospective studies on liver cancer-related circRNAs. CONCLUSION: CircRNAs are a novel class of ncRNAs that play a significant role in HCC initiation and progression, but their internal mechanisms and clinical applications need further investigation.

20.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 132025, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461332

RESUMO

Novel three-dimensional hierarchical α-calcium sulfate hemihydrate with a straw-sheaf morphology (3D α-HH straw-sheaves) are synthesized successfully in glycerin aqueous solution by a simple one-pot method, using as an efficient adsorbent for Pb2+ removal from water. The 3D straw-sheaf morphology, that closely depends on the glycerin/water volume ratio (VGly/VH2O), can be accurately fabricated only when VGly/VH2O is not lower than 3/1. 3D α-HH straw-sheaves are generated via multistep-splitting growth coupled with self-assembly. The obtained 3D α-HH straw-sheaves are further used as an adsorbent to remove Pb2+ from water, exhibiting excellent Pb2+ removal performance with an equilibrium adsorption capacity of 79.19 mgPbgα-HH-1 and removal efficiency of 98.98%, that both higher than those of plate- and columnar-like α-HH. Moreover, the experimental adsorption data for the 3D α-HH straw-sheaves is well fitted with pseudo-second-order kinetic model, and the adsorption isotherm is in good agreement with Langmuir model. The Pb2+ adsorption mechanism is thought to be a chemical adsorption process enforced by chemical bonding and ion exchange. This work demonstrates that 3D α-HH straw-sheaves are highly promising in removing Pb2+ from wastewater, thereby broadening the research field for the practical application of gypsum-based materials.

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