Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.264
Filtrar
1.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 896, 2022 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study examined the associations between physical activity, obesity, and sarcopenia in middle-aged and older adults. METHODS: We analyzed the data of 8, 919 study participants aged between 45 to 97 (mean age = 57.2 ± 8.8) from a Southern state in the United States. Self-reported physical activity was classified to regular exercise ≥ 3 times/week, < 3 times/week, and no regular exercise. Associations between physical activity, obesity and sarcopenia were explored with generalized linear models and ordinal logistic regressions stratified by age (middle-aged and older adults) and gender adjusting for covariates. RESULTS: In middle-aged and older adults, all examined obesity related traits (e.g., body mass index, waist circumference) were inversely associated with physical activity levels (p < 0.01) in both genders. Exercising ≥ 3 times/week was negatively associated with lean mass indicators (e.g., appendicular lean mass) in middle-aged and older females (p < 0.01), while the negative associations become positive after adjusting for weight. Positive associations between physical activity and grip strength were only found in middle-aged males (p < 0.05). Ordinal logistic regression revealed that those exercising ≥ 3 times/week were less likely to have obesity, sarcopenia, and sarcopenia obesity in all groups (p < 0.01), except for sarcopenia in older males and females (p > 0.05). Positive associations of exercising < 3 times/week with sarcopenia and sarcopenia obesity were only found in middled adults. CONCLUSION: The associations of exercise frequency with obesity and sarcopenia vary considerably across gender and age groups. Exercise programs need to be individualized to optimize health benefits. Future research exploring physical activity strategies to balance weight reduction and lean mass maintaining is warranted in middle-aged and especially older adults.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Sarcopenia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Composição Corporal , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sarcopenia/complicações , Sarcopenia/epidemiologia , Circunferência da Cintura
2.
Mol Immunol ; 147: 71-80, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504060

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis associates with chondrocytes differentiation in inflammatory arthritis. Interleukin (IL)- 1ß stimulated SW1353 cells have a phenotype similar to this kind of chondrocytes. IL-17A, a target in T helper 17 (Th17)/IL-17 signaling pathways, was expressed by SW1353 cells. The study aimed to explore the role of IL-35 on angiogenesis in IL-1ß stimulated SW1353 cells and its related signaling pathways. METHODS: Microarray dataset was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database of arthritis cartilage. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) was analyzed for IL-35, pro-angiogenic factors and the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). We studied the effects of IL-35 on proliferation and apoptosis in IL-1ß stimulated SW1353 cells using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and flow cytometry. The expression of pro-angiogenic factors and IL-17A were assessed by western blot and real-time PCR. Added plumbagin (inhibitor of IL-17A) to repeat the above experiment. The secretion of IL-17A was assessed by ELISA. RESULTS: IL-35, pro-angiogenic factors interacted with DEGs to affect the function of arthritis chondrocytes. IL-35 promoted IL-1ß-stimulated SW1353 cells proliferation, inhibited apoptosis, and decreased pro-angiogenic molecules and IL-17A expression in a concentration dependent manner. IL-35 inhibited IL-17A secretion in the supernatants of these cells. Blocking the Th17/IL-17 related pathways with plumbagin abolished the effects of IL-35 on IL-1ß-stimulated SW1353 cells. CONCLUSION: These results suggested that IL-35 regulated differentiation and pro-angiogenic molecules expression in IL-1ß stimulated SW1353 cells via Th17/IL-17 related signaling pathways. Our findings may reveal the mechanisms of novel angiogenesis molecules in inflammatory chondrocyte lesion.

3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(9)2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35562913

RESUMO

Advanced knowledge of messenger RNA (mRNA) N6-methyladenosine (m6A) and DNA N6-methyldeoxyadenosine (6 mA) redefine our understanding of these epigenetic modifications. Both m6A and 6mA carry important information for gene regulation, and the corresponding catalytic enzymes sometimes belong to the same gene family and need to be distinguished. However, a comprehensive analysis of the m6A gene family in tomato remains obscure. Here, 24 putative m6A genes and their family genes in tomato were identified and renamed according to BLASTP and phylogenetic analysis. Chromosomal location, synteny, phylogenetic, and structural analyses were performed, unravelling distinct evolutionary relationships between the MT-A70, ALKBH, and YTH protein families, respectively. Most of the 24 genes had extensive tissue expression, and 9 genes could be clustered in a similar expression trend. Besides, SlYTH1 and SlYTH3A showed a different expression pattern in leaf and fruit development. Additionally, qPCR data revealed the expression variation under multiple abiotic stresses, and LC-MS/MS determination exhibited that the cold stress decreased the level of N6 2'-O dimethyladenosine (m6Am). Notably, the orthologs of newly identified single-strand DNA (ssDNA) 6mA writer-eraser-reader also existed in the tomato genome. Our study provides comprehensive information on m6A components and their family proteins in tomato and will facilitate further functional analysis of the tomato N6-methyladenosine modification genes.

4.
Plants (Basel) ; 11(9)2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567199

RESUMO

While roots and leaves have evolved independently in lycophytes, ferns and seed plants, there is still confusion regarding the morphological evolution of ferns, especially in whisk ferns, which lack true leaves and roots and instead only exhibit leaf-like appendages and absorptive rhizoids. In this study, analyses of comparative transcriptomics on positively selected genes were performed to provide insights into the adaptive evolution of whisk fern morphologies. Significantly clustered gene families specific to whisk ferns were mainly enriched in Gene Ontology (GO) terms "binding proteins" and "transmembrane transporter activity", and positive selection was detected in genes involved in transmembrane transporter activities and stress response (e.g., sodium/hydrogen exchanger and heat shock proteins), which could be related to the adaptive evolution of tolerance to epiphytic environments. The analysis of TF/TR gene family sizes indicated that some rapidly evolving gene families (e.g., the GRF and the MADS-MIKC families) related to the development of morphological organs were commonly reduced in whisk ferns and ophioglossoid ferns. Furthermore, the WUS homeobox-containing (WOX) gene family and the knotted1-like homeobox (KNOX) gene family, both associated with root and leaf development, were phylogenetically conserved in whisk ferns and ophioglossoid ferns. In general, our results suggested that adaptive evolution to epiphytic environments might have occurred in whisk ferns. We propose that the simplified and reduced leaf and root system in whisk ferns is the result of reduction from the common ancestor of whisk ferns and ophioglossoid ferns, rather than an independent origin.

5.
Hum Genomics ; 16(1): 15, 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35568907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a complex, multifactorial condition in which genetic play an important role. Most of the systematic studies currently focuses on individual omics aspect and provide insightful yet limited knowledge about the comprehensive and complex crosstalk between various omics levels. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Therefore, we performed a most comprehensive trans-omics study with various omics data from 104 subjects, to identify interactions/networks and particularly causal regulatory relationships within and especially those between omic molecules with the purpose to discover molecular genetic mechanisms underlying obesity etiology in vivo in humans. RESULTS: By applying differentially analysis, we identified 8 differentially expressed hub genes (DEHGs), 14 differentially methylated regions (DMRs) and 12 differentially accumulated metabolites (DAMs) for obesity individually. By integrating those multi-omics biomarkers using Mendelian Randomization (MR) and network MR analyses, we identified 18 causal pathways with mediation effect. For the 20 biomarkers involved in those 18 pairs, 17 biomarkers were implicated in the pathophysiology of obesity or related diseases. CONCLUSIONS: The integration of trans-omics and MR analyses may provide us a holistic understanding of the underlying functional mechanisms, molecular regulatory information flow and the interactive molecular systems among different omic molecules for obesity risk and other complex diseases/traits.

6.
Plant Divers ; 44(2): 141-152, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35505989

RESUMO

Ferns and lycophytes have remarkably large genomes. However, little is known about how their genome size evolved in fern lineages. To explore the origins and evolution of chromosome numbers and genome size in ferns, we used flow cytometry to measure the genomes of 240 species (255 samples) of extant ferns and lycophytes comprising 27 families and 72 genera, of which 228 species (242 samples) represent new reports. We analyzed correlations among genome size, spore size, chromosomal features, phylogeny, and habitat type preference within a phylogenetic framework. We also applied ANOVA and multinomial logistic regression analysis to preference of habitat type and genome size. Using the phylogeny, we conducted ancestral character reconstruction for habitat types and tested whether genome size changes simultaneously with shifts in habitat preference. We found that 2C values had weak phylogenetic signal, whereas the base number of chromosomes (x) had a strong phylogenetic signal. Furthermore, our analyses revealed a positive correlation between genome size and chromosome traits, indicating that the base number of chromosomes (x), chromosome size, and polyploidization may be primary contributors to genome expansion in ferns and lycophytes. Genome sizes in different habitat types varied significantly and were significantly correlated with habitat types; specifically, multinomial logistic regression indicated that species with larger 2C values were more likely to be epiphytes. Terrestrial habitat is inferred to be ancestral for both extant ferns and lycophytes, whereas transitions to other habitat types occurred as the major clades emerged. Shifts in habitat types appear be followed by periods of genomic stability. Based on these results, we inferred that habitat type changes and multiple whole-genome duplications have contributed to the formation of large genomes of ferns and their allies during their evolutionary history.

7.
FASEB J ; 36 Suppl 12022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35560312

RESUMO

DEAD-box helicases play a crucial role in the metabolism of cellular RNAs. One key member of this family is the helicase DDX3X, which is encoded on the X chromosome. Recently, the Y chromosome-encoded homolog of DDX3X, DDX3Y, has been shown to be expressed at the protein level in several tissues, such as in the heart and in nervous tissue. Herein, we provide the first measurements of the catalytic activity of DDX3Y as it compares to DDX3X. Using both continuous and single time point ATPase measurements, we found DDX3Y to be a less active ATPase than DDX3X. Furthermore, using truncated forms of both proteins, we find that the intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs) of both proteins affect their ATPase activities to different degrees. Because the ATPase activity of DEAD-box proteins is known to be RNA-triggered, we also assayed the RNA binding propensity of these proteins. We found that, in agreement with our ATPase data, DDX3Y binds double stranded RNA less tightly than DDX3X. These findings may prove important to human health and disease, given that nearly half the population has a Y chromosome and thus expresses some amount of DDX3Y protein.

8.
J Vis Exp ; (182)2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35499349

RESUMO

Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) detection is an indispensable method in genetic risk stratification in multiple myeloma (MM), which is one of the most common hematological malignancies. The identifying characteristic of MM is accumulated malignant plasma cells in bone marrow. FISH reports for MM mainly focus on purified or identified clonal plasma cells, rather than all nucleated cells, by sorting with anti-CD138 magnetic beads or marking with cytoplasmic immunoglobulin light chain κ or λ. Bone marrow interphase nuclei are usually obtained from fresh bone marrow cells. However, satisfactory enrichment of plasma cell specimens requires large amounts of fresh heparin anti-coagulated bone marrow, which cannot be obtained in the case of difficult bone marrow extraction or a bone marrow dry tap. Herein, we establish a novel method to improve the success of FISH detection on stained or unstained bone marrow smears. Bone marrow smears are easier to obtain than anticoagulated bone marrow specimens.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea , Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Interfase , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Plasmócitos
9.
J Invertebr Pathol ; : 107763, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35568066

RESUMO

The intestinal microbiota of the Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei during Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) infection was investigated by 16S rRNA gene-based analysis. The results showed that bacterial diversity in the intestine of L. vannamei was high, but it decreased with increasing severity of EHP infection. The relative abundances of the phyla Planctomycetes, Actinobacteria and Acidobacteria decreased significantly with a decrease in body size or EHP infection severity (P<0.05). The most abundant genera were Pseudomonas, Methylobacterium, Bradyrhizobium, Bacteroides, Vibrio, Prevotella and so on. In addition, the relative abundances of some bacteria, such as Pseudomonas, Bradyrhizobium, Bacteroides and Vibrio, increased significantly with a decrease in body size or EHP infection severity (P<0.05). These findings suggest that changes in the intestinal microbiota occur depending on the severity of EHP infection.

10.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 16: 1273-1287, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35517984

RESUMO

Background: Oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction play critical roles in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Isoliquiritigenin (ISL), a flavonoid monomer extracted from licorice, has been found to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in cancer studies. Here, we tested the effect and underlying mechanisms of ISL on ischemia-induced myocardial injury in a mouse AMI model. Methods: Adult C57BL/6 mice were pre-treated by intraperitoneal injection of ISL and/or a specific nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) inhibitor ML385 for 3 days, respectively. Then, the AMI model was established by ligating the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery. Myocardial oxidative stress status, inflammatory response, cardiac function and infarction size were assessed after 7th day of surgery. Results: Compared with sham group, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) level in AMI group were significantly increased. However, the superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) level were dramatically decreased. ISL treatment significantly reduced the myocardial infarction area, improved cardiac function, inhibited the production of ROS and MDA and reduced the consumption of SOD and GSH-Px. Interestingly, ISL could significantly increase nuclear Nrf2 and cytosolic heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) level in the infarcted myocardium and reduce the oxidative stress after AMI. Also, ISL treatment dramatically inhibited the activation of myocardial NF-κB pathway and reduced the expression of pro-inflammatory factors in the AMI group. However, the administration of ML385 not only suppressed the Nrf2/HO-1 activation, the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects induced by ISL, but also attenuated the beneficial role of ISL on reducing infarct size and improving cardiac function in the mouse with AMI. Conclusion: The results suggested that activation of Nrf2/HO-1 pathway has an essential role in ISL-induced cardiac protection by alleviating myocardial oxidative stress and inflammation response in mice with AMI.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Chalconas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
11.
Ther Adv Endocrinol Metab ; 13: 20420188221090012, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35464880

RESUMO

Background: Thyroid cancer has become increasingly prevalent and threatens human health. Few studies have explored the incidence of thyroid cancer in Asia and its relationship with social-progress factors. Methods: We analyzed Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2019 data specific to thyroid cancer. Incidence, prevalence, mortality, and disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rates were used to evaluate the burden of thyroid cancer. Results: The age-standardized incidence, prevalence, and DALY rates per 100,000 population were 1.34% (95% UI, 2.44-3.07), 2.79% (95% UI, 18.82-23.77) and 16.49% (95% UI, 14.6-18), respectively, for all of Asia in 2019. In 2019, the DALY rate of thyroid cancer in the High-income Asia-Pacific region was the highest and mortality due to thyroid cancer in the High-income Asia-Pacific region was also the highest. The growth trend of DALYs in the High-income Asia-Pacific region was much steeper than those in other Asian regions. In all Asian regions and in the High-income Asia-Pacific region, the incidence, prevalence, mortality and DALY rates of thyroid cancer in female patients were drastically higher than those in male patients. Among Asian patients with thyroid cancer, the DALY rate was higher in men aged 80-89 years than in women. The DALY rate gradually increased with age. In the High-income Asia-Pacific region, the mortality rate of patients with thyroid cancer decreased with age. The prevalence was highest in those aged 40-79 years. Conclusion: The disease burden of thyroid cancer in the High-income Asia-Pacific region was significantly higher than those in other regions, which may be due to overdiagnosis. The increasing incidence of thyroid cancer seems to indicate that thyroid cancer is still a public health problem in Asia. Therefore, some health policy adjustments will be meaningful.

12.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 853499, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35372129

RESUMO

While the gut microbiome has been reported to play a role in bone metabolism, the individual species and underlying functional mechanisms have not yet been characterized. We conducted a systematic multi-omics analysis using paired metagenomic and untargeted serum metabolomic profiles from a large sample of 499 peri- and early post-menopausal women to identify the potential crosstalk between these biological factors which may be involved in the regulation of bone mineral density (BMD). Single omics association analyses identified 22 bacteria species and 17 serum metabolites for putative association with BMD. Among the identified bacteria, Bacteroidetes and Fusobacteria were negatively associated, while Firmicutes were positively associated. Several of the identified serum metabolites including 3-phenylpropanoic acid, mainly derived from dietary polyphenols, and glycolithocholic acid, a secondary bile acid, are metabolic byproducts of the microbiota. We further conducted a supervised integrative feature selection with respect to BMD and constructed the inter-omics partial correlation network. Although still requiring replication and validation in future studies, the findings from this exploratory analysis provide novel insights into the interrelationships between the gut microbiome and serum metabolome that may potentially play a role in skeletal remodeling processes.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Fatores Biológicos , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Humanos , Metaboloma
13.
Entropy (Basel) ; 24(4)2022 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35455185

RESUMO

Chromosome karyotype analysis is of great clinical importance in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Since manual analysis is highly time and effort consuming, computer-assisted automatic chromosome karyotype analysis based on images is routinely used to improve the efficiency and accuracy of the analysis. However, the strip-shaped chromosomes easily overlap each other when imaged, significantly affecting the accuracy of the subsequent analysis and hindering the development of chromosome analysis instruments. In this paper, we present an adversarial, multiscale feature learning framework to improve the accuracy and adaptability of overlapping chromosome segmentation. We first adopt the nested U-shaped network with dense skip connections as the generator to explore the optimal representation of the chromosome images by exploiting multiscale features. Then we use the conditional generative adversarial network (cGAN) to generate images similar to the original ones; the training stability of the network is enhanced by applying the least-square GAN objective. Finally, we replace the common cross-entropy loss with the advanced Lovász-Softmax loss to improve the model's optimization and accelerate the model's convergence. Comparing with the established algorithms, the performance of our framework is proven superior by using public datasets in eight evaluation criteria, showing its great potential in overlapping chromosome segmentation.

14.
Front Immunol ; 13: 855849, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35444656

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to establish a novel quantification system of ferroptosis patterns and comprehensively analyze the relationship between ferroptosis score (FS) and the immune cell infiltration (ICI) characterization, tumor mutation burden (TMB), prognosis, and therapeutic sensitivity in left-sided and right-sided colon cancers (LCCs and RCCs, respectively). Methods: We comprehensively evaluated the ferroptosis patterns in 444 LCCs and RCCs based on 59 ferroptosis-related genes (FRGs). The FS was constructed to quantify ferroptosis patterns by using principal component analysis algorithms. Next, the prognostic value and therapeutic sensitivities were evaluated using multiple methods. Finally, we performed weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) to identify the key FRGs. The IMvigor210 cohort, TCGA-COAD proteomics cohort, and Immunophenoscores were used to verify the predictive abilities of FS and the key FRGs. Results: Two ferroptosis clusters were determined. Ferroptosis cluster B demonstrated a high degree of congenital ICI and stromal-related signal enrichment with a poor prognosis. The prognosis, response of targeted inhibitors, and immunotherapy were significantly different between high and low FS groups (HSG and LSG, respectively). HSG was characterized by high TMB and microsatellite instability-high subtype with poor prognosis. Meanwhile, LSG was more likely to benefit from immunotherapy. ALOX5 was identified as a key FRG based on FS. Patients with high protein levels of ALOX5 had poorer prognoses. Conclusion: This work revealed that the evaluation of ferroptosis subtypes will contribute to gaining insight into the heterogeneity in LCCs and RCCs. The quantification for ferroptosis patterns played a non-negligible role in predicting ICI characterization, prognosis, and individualized immunotherapy strategies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Ferroptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/terapia , Ferroptose/genética , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Prognóstico
15.
Inorg Chem ; 61(16): 6045-6055, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35412822

RESUMO

In this work, the advantages of in situ loading, heterojunction construction, and facet regulation were integrated based on the poly-facet-exposed BiOCl single crystal, and a facet-oriented supported heterojunction of Cu2O and BiOCl was fabricated (Cu2O@BiOCl[100]). The photocatalytic nitrogen reduction reaction (pNRR) activity of Cu2O@BiOCl[100] was as high as 181.9 µmol·g-1·h-1, which is 4.09, 7.13, and 1.83 times that of Cu2O, BiOCl, and Cu2O@BiOCl-ran (Cu2O randomly supported on BiOCl). Combined with the results of the photodeposition experiment, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy characterization, and DFT calculation, the mechanism of Cu2O@BiOCl[100] for pNRR was discussed. When Cu2O directionally loaded on the [100] facet of BiOCl, electrons generated by Cu2O will be transmitted to the [100] facet of BiOCl through Z-scheme electron transmission. Due to the directional separation characteristics of charge in BiOCl, the electrons transmitted from Cu2O are enriched on the [001] facet of BiOCl, which will together with the original electrons generated by pristine BiOCl act on pNRR, thus greatly improving the activity of photocatalytic ammonia synthesis. Thus, a new construction scheme of biphasic semiconductor heterojunction was proposed, which provides a reference research idea for designing and synthesizing high-performance photocatalysts for nitrogen reduction.

16.
J Reprod Immunol ; 151: 103623, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35430461

RESUMO

Appropriate decidualization is of great importance for embryo implantation, placental development and successful pregnancy. Although it has been well-acknowledged that decidualization relies on activation of progesterone-mediated signaling pathway, the exact mechanisms have not been elucidated. Here, we demonstrated that both IL-27 and IL27RA were highly expressed in decidua than those in endometrium during secretory phase. Estrogen plus progesterone significantly upregulated the expression of IL-27 and IL-27RA in endometrium stromal cells (ESCs). In addition, inhibiting IL-27 signaling with IL-27 neutralization antibody (anti-IL-27) suppressed the expression of decidualization-related molecules, receptors of estrogen (gene coded by ESR) and progesterone (PGR) induced by cAMP or estrogen plus progesterone. Similar results were obtained from Il27ra-/- (knockout of Il27ra) female mice. Moreover, knockout of Il27ra did not affect the estrus cycle and folliculogenesis in mice but reduced implantation rate with the impairing decidualization. Mechanistically, IL-27 upregulated the expression of ESR1, ESR2 and PGR in ESCs and DSCs, as well as the phosphorylation level of STAT3. In the presence of estrogen plus progesterone, treatment with ESCs with anti-IL-27 inhibited the activation of STAT3. Also, the expression of ESR, PGR was decreased in Il27ra-/- mice. In conclusion, these findings demonstrate that IL-27 upregulated by estrogen and progestogen promotes decidualization possibly through a STAT3-dominant pathway.

17.
J Plant Physiol ; 273: 153698, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35461174

RESUMO

The basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors play vital regulatory roles in a series of metabolic, physiological, and developmental processes of plants. Here, SlPRE5, an atypical bHLH gene, was isolated from tomato. SlPRE5 was noticeably expressed in young leaves, sepals, and flowers. SlPRE5-overexpressing plants exhibited rolling leaves with reduced chlorophyll content, increased stem internode length, leaf angle, and compound leaf length. The water loss rate of mature leaves and the content of starch were significantly reduced, while the content of gibberellin was significantly increased in transgenic plants. Yeast two-hybrid and bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) showed that SlPRE5 could interact with SlAIF1, SlAIF2, and SlPAR1. qRT-PCR and RNA-seq results revealed that the expression levels of genes related to chloroplast development, chlorophyll metabolism, gibberellin metabolism and signal transduction, starch, photosynthesis, and cell expansion were significantly altered in SlPRE5-overexpression plants. Collectively, our results suggest that SlPRE5 is a crucial transcription factor involved in plant morphology and chlorophyll accumulation in tomato leaves.

18.
Org Biomol Chem ; 20(17): 3589-3597, 2022 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35420109

RESUMO

In contrast to aromatic halides, coupling reactions involving oxidative addition of alkyl halides, especially secondary or tertiary halides, to transition metals tend to be more challenging. Herein a palladium-catalyzed intramolecular cyclization of α-bromo-propionanilides has been developed, delivering a series of 3-substituted 2-oxindoles in high yields. The method features easy to prepare starting materials, broad substrate scope and excellent functional group tolerance. A detailed mechanistic investigation has been performed.


Assuntos
Paládio , Catálise , Ciclização , Oxindóis , Paládio/química
19.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 11(7): e024571, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35348001

RESUMO

Background Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) screening programs have been active in the United States since 2005, but are not the only way AAAs are detected. AAA management and outcomes have not been investigated broadly in the context of "implicit AAA screening," whereby radiologic examinations not intended for focused screening can identify AAAs. Methods and Results We examined the association between imaging-based AAA screening, both explicit and implicit, and various outcomes for ≈1.6 million veterans in the Veterans Affairs health care system from 2005 to 2015. Screened-positive, screened-negative, and unscreened veterans were identified in the overall cohort and within a subgroup of veterans aged 65 years in 2005. The yearly composite screening rate increased over 10 years, from 11.7% to 18.3%, whereas the screened-positive rate decreased from 7.3% to 4.9%. Only 12.9% of screening examinations were explicit AAA screening ultrasounds. The subgroup's composite screening rate was 74% within its 10-year eligibility window, with implicit screening accounting for 91.8% of examinations. In the 2005 subgroup, all-cause mortality and Charlson comorbidity scores were higher for veterans who underwent screening compared with those unscreened (31.2% versus 23.1% and 0.47 versus 0.25, respectively; P<0.001). AAA rupture rates were similar between those unscreened and screened-negative individuals. Conclusions Accounting for both explicit and implicit screening, AAA screening in the Veterans Affairs population has moderate reach. Efforts to expand explicit AAA screening are not likely to impact either all-cause mortality or AAA rupture on the population scale as significantly as a careful accounting for and use of implicit screening data.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Veteranos , Idoso , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/epidemiologia , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Ultrassonografia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
20.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 113, 2022 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35248068

RESUMO

Exogenous antioxidant materials mimicking endogenous antioxidant systems are commonly used for the treatment of oxidative stress-induced injuries. Thus, artificial enzymes have emerged as promising candidates for balancing and treating the dysregulation of redox homeostasis in vivo. Herein, a one-pot hydrothermal strategy for the facile preparation of MoSe2-polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) nanoparticles (NPs) is reported. The synthesized NPs were biodegradable due to their exposure to oxygen and exhibited high stability. Moreover, they effectively mimicked various naturally occurring enzymes (including catalase, superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, and glutathione peroxidase) and scavenged free radicals, such as 3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid, ·OH, ·O2-, and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical. Further apoptosis detection studies revealed that MoSe2-PVP NPs significantly increased the cell survival probability in H2O2 in a concentration-dependent manner. The cytoprotective effect of MoSe2-PVP NPs was explored for an animal model of acute pancreatitis, which confirmed its remarkable therapeutic efficacy. Owing to the biodegradable and biocompatible nature of MoSe2-PVP NPs, the findings of this work can stimulate the development of other artificial nanoenzymes for antioxidant therapies.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Pancreatite , Doença Aguda , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Catalase/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Estresse Oxidativo , Pancreatite/tratamento farmacológico , Povidona , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...