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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34840583

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Intestinal fibrosis is one of the severe and common complications of Crohn's disease (CD), but the etiology and pathogenesis remain uncertain. The study intended to examine whether the effect of herb-partitioned moxibustion on rats with CD-associated intestinal fibrosis is associated with the RhoA/ROCK1/MLC pathway. Methods: All experimental rats were randomly allocated into the normal control group (NC), model control group (MC), and herb-partitioned moxibustion group (HPM). Intestinal fibrosis was established in rats with CD by repeated rectal administrations of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS). Herb-partitioned moxibustion was applied at the Qihai (CV6) and Tianshu (ST25) acupoints once daily for 10 days in the HPM group. In this study, histological changes were examined by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining; then, Masson's trichrome staining was used to assess the degree of fibrosis in each group. Experimental methods of immunohistochemistry, western blotting, and real-time PCR were applied to detect the levels of α-SMA, collagen III, RhoA, ROCK1, and p-MLC. Moreover, the double immunofluorescent staining for the colocalization of both α-SMA and ROCK1 was performed. Results: Contrasted with the normal controls, the collagen deposition and fibrosis scores were increased in colonic tissue of model rats, and HPM decreased the collagen deposition and fibrosis scores. The protein of α-SMA and collagen III in the MC group exceeds that of the NC group; HPM decreased the expression of α-SMA and collagen III in rats with intestinal fibrosis. Similarly, the expression of RhoA, ROCK1, and p-MLC in model rats was obviously increased compared with normal controls; the expression of RhoA, ROCK1, and p-MLC was decreased after HPM. The coexpression of α-SMA and ROCK1 in rats with intestinal fibrosis was higher than normal rats. Conclusion: HPM improves CD-associated intestinal fibrosis by suppressing the RhoA/ROCK1/MLC pathway.

2.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 746932, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34712666

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the immune characteristics of the ovarian cancer (OC) microenvironment and explore the differences of immune-related molecules and cells to establish an effective risk model and identify the molecules that significantly affected the immune response of OC, to help guide the diagnosis. Methods: First, we calculate the TMEscore which reflects the immune microenvironment, and then analyze the molecular differences between patients with different immune characteristics, and determine the prognostic genes. Then, the risk model was established by least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) analysis and combined with clinical data into a nomogram for diagnosis and prediction. Subsequently, the potential gene CLEC5A influencing the immune response of OC was identified from the prognostic genes by integrative immune-stromal analysis. The genomic alteration was explored based on copy number variant (CNV) and somatic mutation data. Results: TMEscore was a prognostic indicator of OC. The prognosis of patients with high TMEscore was better. The risk model based on immune characteristics was a reliable index to predict the prognosis of patients, and the nomogram could comprehensively evaluate the prognosis of patients. Besides, CLEC5A was closely related to the abundance of immune cells, immune response, and the expression of immune checkpoints in the OC microenvironment. OC cells with high expression of CLEC5A increased the polarization of M2 macrophages. CLEC5A expression was significantly associated with TTN and CDK12 mutations and affected the copy number of tumor progression and immune-related genes. Conclusion: The study of immune characteristics in the OC microenvironment and the risk model can reveal the factors affecting the prognosis and guide the clinical hierarchical treatment. CLEC5A can be used as a potential key gene affecting the immune microenvironment remodeling of OC, which provides a new perspective for improving the effect of OC immunotherapy.

3.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 17(8): 1545-1553, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544532

RESUMO

Despite the broad anticancer activity, whereas the clinical application of luteolin is hindered by unsatisfactory water solubility and non-targeting. Herein, targeted inhibitory effects of luteolin-loading HER2 nanospheres (Her-2-NPs) were successfully prepared by thin film ultrasonic method. In comparison with the non-targeted nanospheres, Her-2 nanospheres could significantly boost the intake of luteolin in SK-BR-3 cells. The proliferation and apoptosis of breast cancer cells were detected by MTT testing and flow cytometry examination, respectively. Consequently, the expressions of FOXO1 mRNA level was detected using qPCR assay and protein level was detected using Westernblot. We discovered that Luteolin-loading Her-2 nanospheres could significantly hinder the proliferation of breast cancer cells, down-regulation their migration, and up-regulation FOXO1 expression at mRNA and protein levels, reveal a mechanism whereby luteolin interferes with breast cancer. Collectively, these results suggest Her-2-modified nanospheres increases the efficiency of luteolin uptake and thus improves the treatment benefit of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Nanosferas , Apoptose , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Humanos , Luteolina
4.
Cell Prolif ; 54(11): e13133, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Maternal factors that are enriched in oocytes have attracted great interest as possible key factors in somatic cell reprogramming. We found that surfeit locus protein 4 (Surf4), a maternal factor, can facilitate the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) previously, but the mechanism remains elusive. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we investigated the function and mechanism of Surf4 in somatic cell reprogramming using a secondary reprogramming system. Alkaline phosphatase (AP) staining, qPCR and immunofluorescence (IF) staining of expression of related markers were used to evaluate efficiency of iPSCs derived from mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Embryoid body and teratoma formation assays were performed to evaluate the differentiation ability of the iPSC lines. RNA-seq, qPCR and western blot analysis were applied to validate the downstream targets of Surf4. RESULTS: Surf4 can significantly facilitate the generation of iPSCs in a proliferation-independent manner. When co-expressed with Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc (OSKM), Surf4 can activate the response to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress at the early stage of reprogramming. We further demonstrated that Hspa5, a major ER chaperone, and the active spliced form of Xbp1 (sXbp1), a major mediator of ER stress, can mimic the effects of Surf4 on somatic cell reprogramming. Concordantly, blocking the unfolded protein response compromises the effect of Surf4 on reprogramming. CONCLUSIONS: Surf4 promotes somatic cell reprogramming by activating the response to ER stress.


Assuntos
Reprogramação Celular/fisiologia , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/fisiologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Corpos Embrioides/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/citologia , Camundongos , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
5.
Front Oncol ; 11: 685065, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34222009

RESUMO

Epithelial ovarian cancer has a low response rate to immunotherapy and a complex immune microenvironment that regulates its treatment outcomes. Understanding the immune microenvironment and its molecular basis is of great clinical significance in the effort to improve immunotherapy response and outcomes. To determine the characteristics of the immune microenvironment in ovarian cancer, we stratified ovarian cancer patients into three immune subtypes (C1, C2, and C3) using immune-related genes based on gene expression data from The Cancer Genome Atlas and found that these three subtypes had significant differences in immune characteristics and prognosis. Methylation and copy number variant analysis showed that the immune checkpoint genes that influenced immune response were significantly hypermethylated and highly deleted in the immunosuppressive C3 subtype, suggesting that epigenetic therapy may be able to reverse the efficacy of immunotherapy. In addition, the mutation frequencies of BRCA2 and CDK12 were significantly higher in the C2 subtype than in the other two subtypes, suggesting that mutation of DNA repair-related genes significantly affects the prognosis of ovarian cancer patients. Our study further elucidated the molecular characteristics of the immune microenvironment of ovarian cancer, which providing an effective hierarchical method for the immunotherapy of ovarian cancer patients, and has clinical relevance to the design of new immunotherapies and a reasonable combination strategies.

6.
Front Genet ; 12: 663617, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34108992

RESUMO

The cross-talk between tumor cells and the tumor microenvironment (TME) is an important factor in determining the tumorigenesis and progression of cervical cancer (CC). However, clarifying the potential mechanisms which trigger the above biological processes remains a challenge. The present study focused on immune-relevant differences at the transcriptome and somatic mutation levels through an integrative multi-omics analysis based on The Cancer Genome Atlas database. The objective of the study was to recognize the specific immune-related prognostic factors predicting the survival and response to immunotherapy of patients with CC. Firstly, eight hub immune-related prognostic genes were ultimately identified through construction of a protein-protein interaction network and Cox regression analysis. Secondly, 32 differentially mutated genes were simultaneously identified based on the different levels of immune infiltration. As a result, an immune gene-related prognostic model (IGRPM), including six factors (chemokine receptor 7 [CCR7], CD3d molecule [CD3D], CD3e molecule [CD3E], and integrin subunit beta 2 [ITGB2], family with sequence similarity 133 member A [FAM133A], and tumor protein p53 [TP53]), was finally constructed to forecast clinical outcomes of CC. Its predictive capability was further assessed and validated using the Gene Expression Omnibus validation set. In conclusion, IGRPM may be a promising prognostic signature to predict the prognoses and responses to immunotherapy of patients with CC. Moreover, the multi-omics study showed that IGRPM could be a novel therapeutic target for CC, which is a promising biomarker for indicating the immune-dominant status of the TME and revealing the potential mechanisms responsible for the tumorigenesis and progression of CC.

7.
BMC Genom Data ; 22(1): 10, 2021 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plant architecture-related traits (e.g., plant height (PH), number of nodes on main stem (NN), branch number (BN) and stem diameter (DI)) and 100-seed weight (100-SW) are important agronomic traits and are closely related to soybean yield. However, the genetic basis and breeding potential of these important agronomic traits remain largely ambiguous in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). RESULTS: In this study, we collected 133 soybean landraces from China, phenotyped them in two years at two locations for the above five traits and conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using 82,187 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). As a result, we found that a total of 59 SNPs were repeatedly detected in at least two environments. There were 12, 12, 4, 4 and 27 SNPs associated with PH, NN, BN, DI and 100-SW, respectively. Among these markers, seven SNPs (AX-90380587, AX-90406013, AX-90387160, AX-90317160, AX-90449770, AX-90460927 and AX-90520043) were large-effect markers for PH, NN, BN, DI and 100-SW, and 15 potential candidate genes were predicted to be in linkage disequilibrium (LD) decay distance or LD block. In addition, real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis was performed on four 100-SW potential candidate genes, three of them showed significantly different expression levels between the extreme materials at the seed development stage. Therefore, Glyma.05 g127900, Glyma.05 g128000 and Glyma.05 g129000 were considered as candidate genes with 100-SW in soybean. CONCLUSIONS: These findings shed light on the genetic basis of plant architecture-related traits and 100-SW in soybean, and candidate genes could be used for further positional cloning.

8.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 637400, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33553190

RESUMO

Tumor microenvironment (TME) is emerging as an essential part of cervical cancer (CC) tumorigenesis and development, becoming a hotspot of research these years. However, comprehending the specific composition of TME is still facing enormous challenges, especially the immune and stromal components. In this study, we downloaded the RNA-seq profiles and somatic mutation data of 309 CC cases from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, which were analyzed by integrative bioinformatical methods. Initially, ESTIMATE computational method was employed to calculate the amount of immune and stromal components. Then, based on the high- and low-immunity cohorts, we recognized the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) as well as the differentially mutated genes (DMGs). Additionally, we conducted an intersection analysis of DEGs and DMGs, ultimately determining an immune-related prognostic signature, GTPase, IMAP Family Member 4 (GIMAP4). Moreover, sequential analyses demonstrated that GIMAP4 was a protective factor in CC, positively correlated with the overall survival (OS) and negatively with distant metastasis. Besides, we utilized the Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) to explore the enrichment-pathways in high and low-expression cohorts of GIMAP4. The results indicated that the genes of the high-expression cohort had a high enrichment in immune-related biological processes and metabolic activities in the low one. Furthermore, CIBERSORT analysis was applied to evaluate the proportion of tumor-infiltrating immune cells (TICs), illustrating that several activated TICs were strongly associated with GIMAP4 expression, which suggested that GIMAP4 had the potential to be an indicator for the immune state in TME of CC. Hence, GIMAP4 contributed to predicting the CC patients' clinical outcomes, such as survival rate, distant metastasis and immunotherapy response. Moreover, GIMAP4 could serve as a promising biomarker for TME remodeling, suggesting the possible underlying mechanisms of tumorigenesis and CC progression, which may provide different therapeutic perceptions of CC, and therefore improve treatment.

9.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 40(5): 827-835, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000584

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of moxibustion and acupuncture of Zusanli (ST 36) and Zhongwan (CV 12) acupoints on chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) in rats, and to study the mechanisms behind their actions. METHODS: Forty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were induced with CAG by intragastric administration of 40% ethanol combined with free drinking of N-methyl-N'nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine and irregular feeding for 12 weeks, followed by daily treatment with moxibustion or acupuncture for 2 weeks. Histopathologic examination, Western blotting of cytokines [epidermal growth factor (EGF), EGF receptor (EGFR), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), phosphorylated ERK (p-ERK)], and 1H NMR-based metabolic profiling of gastric tissues were used to measure changes related to CAG modeling and treatment. RESULTS: Moxibustion and acupuncture at Zusanli (ST 36) and Zhongwan (CV 12) each relieved CAG-induced abnormalities in histopathology and cytokine expression of ERK and p-ERK. Only moxibustion treatment regulated the expression of EGF and EGFR. Metabolites that were increased in gastric tissue by CAG induction (alanine, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, uracil DNA glycosylase, lactate, glycerol and adenosine) were restored to normal levels after moxibustion treatment; acupuncture treatment only normalized the levels of adenosine monophosphate and glycerol. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that moxibustion or acupuncture at Zusanli (ST 36) and Zhongwan (CV 12) can significantly improve the condition of CAG in rats. These treatments exert their effects on CAG through different mechanisms.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Terapia por Acupuntura , Gastrite Atrófica/terapia , Moxibustão , Animais , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/genética , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Gastrite Atrófica/genética , Gastrite Atrófica/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 11281, 2020 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32647204

RESUMO

Studies have shown that acupuncture is very effective in treating chronic stress depression. However, little is known about the therapeutic mechanism of electro-acupuncture. Metabolomics, on the other hand, is a technology that determines the metabolic changes of organisms caused by various interventions as a whole and is related to the overall effect of electro-acupuncture (EA). 1HNMR, serum sample analysis, and histopathology and molecular biology analysis were used to evaluate the effects of EA. The results show that electro-acupuncture points can regulate the heat pain threshold of chronic stress model rats and change the morphology of adrenal cortex cells Structure, and regulate the contents of corticotropin-releasing hormone, Corticosterone (CORT), glucose, alanine and valine in the samples. These findings help to clarify the therapeutic mechanism of electro-acupuncture on heterologous chronic stress model rats. The effect of electro-acupuncture on improving chronic stress is likely to be achieved by regulating glucose metabolism, which can provide a reference for clinical acupuncture treatment of chronic stress depression.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Eletroacupuntura , Estresse Fisiológico , Córtex Suprarrenal/metabolismo , Glândulas Suprarrenais/citologia , Alanina/química , Animais , Comportamento Animal , Peso Corporal , Corticosterona/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Limiar da Dor , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Valina/química
11.
Chin Med ; 14: 44, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636695

RESUMO

Background: Gastric mucosal lesion (GML) is the initiating pathological process in many refractory gastric diseases. And moxibustion is an increasingly popular alternative therapy that prevents and treats diseases. However, there are few published reports about developing pathology of GML and therapeutic mechanism of moxibustion treatment on GML. In this study, we investigated pathology of GML and therapeutic mechanism of moxibustion treatment on GML. Methods: The male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were induced by intragastric administration of 75% ethanol after fasting for 24 h and treated by moxibustion at Zusanli (ST36) and Liangmen (ST21) for 1 day, 4 days or 7 days. Then we applied 1H NMR-based metabolomics to dynamic analysis of metabolic profiles in biological samples (stomach, cerebral cortex and medulla). And the conventional histopathological examinations as well as metabolic pathways assays were also performed. Results: Moxibustion intervention showed a beneficial effect on GML by modulating comprehensive metabolic alterations caused by GML, including energy metabolism, membrane metabolism, cellular active and neurotransmitters function. Conclusions: Moxibustion can effectively treat gastric mucosal damage and effectively regulate the concentration of some related differential metabolites to maintain the stability of the metabolic pathway.

12.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(8): 871-3, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397134

RESUMO

The acupuncture and moxibustion of TCM was introduced into Malaysia since fourteenth century. After several centuries of precipitation and accumulation, acupuncture and moxibustion showed vigorous vitality in Malaysia. This article provides an overview of the development of acupuncture in Malaysia from a full-time education in acupuncture, association, policy support for acupuncture, clinical application and scientific research, etc. With the frequent exchanges between the traditional medical community in Malaysia and the Chinese medicine community in mainland China, the spread of acupuncture in Malaysia has been greatly promoted.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Moxibustão , China , Malásia
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31143240

RESUMO

Gastric ulcer (GU), a common digestive disease, has a high incidence and seriously endangers health of human. According to the previous studies, it has been proved that electroacupuncture at acupoints of stomach meridian had a good effect on GU. However, there are few published studies on metabolic response in gastric ulcer (GU) rats with electroacupuncture treatment. Herein, we observed the metabolic profiles in biological samples (stomach, liver, and kidney) of GU rats with electroacupuncture treatment by 1H NMR metabolomics combined with pathological examination. The male SD rats were induced by intragastric administration of 70% ethanol after fasting for 24 hours and treated by electroacupuncture at Zusanli (ST36) and Liangmen (ST21) for 1 day, 4 days, or 7 days, respectively. And the conventional histopathological examinations as well as metabolic pathways assays were also performed. We found that GU rats were basically cured after electroacupuncture treatment for 4 days and had a complete recovery after electroacupuncture treatment for 7 days by being modulated comprehensive metabolic changes, involved in the function of neurotransmitters, energy metabolism, cells metabolism, antioxidation, tissue repairing, and other metabolic pathways. These findings may be helpful to facilitate the mechanism elucidating of electroacupuncture treatment on GU.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31949469

RESUMO

In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), moxibustion had been used for thousands of years. Many clinical case reports and scientific studies had proved that moxibustion had a good effect in treating acute gastric ulcer (AGU). Some studies had shown that the relative content and species of bacteria in the intestinal would be changed when gastric mucosal injury happened. However, there was little research on the effect of intestinal microbiome with AGU rats that were treating by moxibustion. This study is aimed at analyzing the effect of fecal microbiome in rats with AGU by the 16S rDNA sequencing technology. Male SD rats were established by orally feeding once with 70% ethanol at 4 ml/kg except the control group, then treated by moxibustion in the stomach meridian group ("Liangmen," "Zusanli") and the gallbladder meridian group ("Riyue," "Yanglingquan") for 5 days. The 16S rDNA sequencing technology analysis of feces combined with histopathological methods and molecular biological detection methods was used to evaluate the therapeutic mechanism of moxibustion on AGU. AGU brought cause changes in the number and species of intestinal bacteria. Moxibustion on stomach meridian group could reduce the area of gastric mucosal injury and regulate the relative content of GAS and EGF. Moreover, moxibustion on the stomach meridian group could increase the relative content and species of beneficial bacteria in the intestine of rats with AGU. The relative abundance of intestinal probiotics was significantly upregulated in Alphaproteobacteria, Actinomycetales, and Bacillales. In addition, moxibustion might promote the repair of gastric mucosal injury by increasing the number and species of beneficial bacteria in the intestine.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30590986

RESUMO

In this study, the effects of three total solids levels (2%, 5% and 10% TS) of the mixtures of poultry litter and wheat straw at different percent volatile solids from wheat straw (0%, 25% and 50% VSWS), free ammonia nitrogen (FAN) and C/N ratio on co-digesting poultry litter with wheat straw were studied in batch experiments operated at 37 °C. The results showed that adjusting the substrate C/N ratio alone could not always result in high methane yields and biogas volumes. The maximum CH4 yield of 201 mL g-1 initial VS was observed in the 5% TS category with VSWS being 50%. The highest specific biogas volume produced (318 mL g-1 initial VS) was also obtained in the same solid category. A polynomial regression between FAN and the methanogenic activity was obtained with the correlation coefficient being 0.9472. A FAN inhibitory threshold concentration of 253.9 mg L-1 was found, and a total loss of methane production occurred when the FAN concentration reached 1000 mg L-1. An optimal TS content for anaerobic digestion of poultry litter with wheat straw was around 4.15% to achieve the best biogas yield. Similarly, for digesting poultry litter without addition of wheat straw, the TS content should be kept at around 6.8%.


Assuntos
Amônia/análise , Carbono/análise , Esterco/microbiologia , Nitrogênio/análise , Aves Domésticas , Eliminação de Resíduos/métodos , Triticum/química , Anaerobiose , Animais , Biocombustíveis/análise , Fermentação , Metano/análise , Caules de Planta/química
16.
Environ Pollut ; 243(Pt B): 1952-1965, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30318134

RESUMO

Organic fertilizers, such as digestates and manure, are increasingly applied in agricultural systems because of the benefits they provide in terms of plant nutrients and soil quality. However, there are few investigations of N2O emissions following digestate application to agricultural soils using process-based models. In this study, we modified the UK-DNDC model to include digestate applications to soils by adding digestate properties to the model and considering the effect of organic fertilizer pH. Using the modified model, N2O emissions were simulated from two organic fertilizers (digested food waste and livestock slurry) applied to three farms in the United Kingdom: one growing winter wheat at Wensum (WE) and two grasslands at Pwllpeiran (PW) and North Wyke (NW). The annual cumulative gross (i.e. not excluding control emission) N2O emissions were calculated using MATLAB trapezoidal numerical integration. The relative errors of the modeled annual cumulative emissions to the measured emissions ranged from -5.4% to 48%. Two-factor models, including linear, exponential and hyperbola responses, correlating total N loading and soil clay content to calculations of N2O emissions and N2O emission factors (EFs) were developed for calculations of emission fluxes and EFs. The squares of the correlation coefficients of the measured and two-factor linear modeled emissions were 0.998 and 0.999 for digestate and slurry, respectively, and the corresponding squares of correlation coefficients of the EFs were 0.998 and 0.938. The two-factor linear model also predicted that the EFs increased linearly with decreasing clay content and the maximum EFs for digestate and slurry were 0.95 and 0.76% of total N applied, respectively. This demonstrates that the modified UK_DNDC is a good tool to simulate N2O emission from digestate and slurry and to calculate UK EFs using TIER 3 methodology..


Assuntos
Agricultura/métodos , Fertilizantes/análise , Esterco/análise , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Solo/química , Animais , Gado , Óxido Nitroso/química , Poaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Reino Unido
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30310411

RESUMO

Acupuncture and moxibustion proved to be very effective in chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG). According to the Chinese traditional medicine theory, chronic diseases have an influence on the function of liver and kidney. However, there is little research to demonstrate this theory. This study is aimed at assessing the 1H NMR-based metabolic profiling in liver and kidney of CAG rats and comparing the difference between electroacupuncture and moxibustion treatment. Male SD rats were subjected to CAG modeling by intragastric administration of mixture of 2% sodium salicylate and 30% alcohol coupled with compulsive sporting and irregular fasting for 12 weeks and then treated by electroacupuncture or moxibustion at Liangmen (ST 21) and Zusanli (ST 36) acupoints for 2 weeks. A 1H NMR analysis of liver and kidney samples along with histopathological examination and molecular biological assay was employed to assess and compare the therapeutic effects of electroacupuncture and moxibustion. CAG brought characterization of metabolomic signatures in liver and kidney of rats. Both electroacupuncture and moxibustion treatment were found to normalize the CAG-induced changes by restoring energy metabolism, neurotransmitter metabolism, antioxidation metabolism, and other metabolism, while the moxibustion treatment reversed more metabolites related to energy metabolism in liver than electroacupuncture treatment. CAG did have influence on liver and kidney of rats. Both of these treatments had good effects on CAG by reversing the CAG-induced perturbation in liver and kidney. For regulating the energy metabolism in liver, the moxibustion played more important role than electroacupuncture treatment.

18.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 38(7): 747-52, 2018 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30014670

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To dynamically observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on repair of gastric mucosal lesion in rats with gastric ulcer, and to explore the time-effect relationship and molecular mechanism of EA for gastric ulcer. METHODS: A total of 72 SD rats were randomly assigned to a normal group, a model group, a acupoint group and a sham acupoint group, and each group were further divided into a 1-day subgroup, a 4-day subgroup and a 7-day subgroup, 6 rats in each subgroup. The rat model of gastric ulcer was established by using intragastric administration of ethyl alcohol. The rats in the acupoint group were treated with EA at"Zusanli"(ST 36) and"Liangmen"(ST 21); the rats in the sham acupoint group were treated with EA at points 5 mm next to"Zusanli"(ST 36) and"Liangmen"(ST 21); the EA was given 30 min per treatment, once a day. The rats in the normal group and model group were treated with immobilization for 30 min per day, and no EA was given. PR-PCR method was applied to test the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and substance P (SP); Western blot method was applied to test the expression of neurotensin (NT). RESULTS: After 1-day treatment, the ulcer index in the model group was higher than that in the normal group (P<0.01), and the expression of PCNA, SP and NT was decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05); compared with the model group and sham acupoint group, the ulcer index was decreased in the acupoint group (both P<0.05), and the expression of PCNA and SP was up-regulated (all P<0.05) while that of NT was up-regulated (both P<0.01). After 4-day treatment, the ulcer index in the model group was reduced but still higher than that in the normal group (P<0.05), and the expression of PCNA, SP and NT was up-regulated and higher than that in the normal group (all P<0.01); the ulcer index in the acupoint group was similar to that in the normal group (P>0.05), and the expression of PCNA and SP was lower than that in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05), and the expression of NT was not significantly different from that in the model group (P>0.05). After 7-day treatment, the differences of indexes above were not significant among the four groups (all P>0.05). CONCLUSION: EA at acupoints of stomach meridian has two-way regulation on PCNA and SP and improve the expression of NT in different pathological state of gastric ulcer, which could further improve the repair of gastric ulcer.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Meridianos , Úlcera Gástrica , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
19.
Sci Total Environ ; 637-638: 1566-1577, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29801250

RESUMO

Organic fertilizers, such as manure and compost, are promising additions for synthetic fertilizers in order to increase soil fertility and crop yields. However, the organic fertilizers applied to soils may increase nitrous oxide (N2O, a greenhouse gas) emissions due to their lower C/N ratios, and therefore potentially contribute to global warming. Very few studies have used process-based models to assess the environmental advantages and drawbacks of compost soil amendments compared to other field treatments. In this study, the UK-DNDC model was modified for simulation of nitrous oxide (N2O) fluxes emitted from the soils treated with green compost and farmyard manure at three UK farms (WE, PW and NW): one winter wheat and two grasslands. The results show that the annual overall N2O emissions were 1.45 kg N ha-1 y-1 for WE treated with farmyard manure, 0.71 for WE with green compost, 1.09910 for PW treated with farmyard manure, 0.94 for PW treated with green compost, 1.19 for NW treated with farmyard manure, and 1.18 for NW treated with green compost. A two dimensional linear model was developed to correlate nitrogen loading and soil pH for calculations of emissions and emission factors (EFs). The linear model could fit the emissions obtained from the UK-DNDC model well. The squares of correlation coefficients of the emissions between two models are 0.993 and 0.985 for farmyard manure and green compost, respectively. Analysis of correlation coefficients between N2O emissions and air temperature, precipitation as well as the time period between fertilizer application and sample measurement (PFS) for the three sites treated with farmyard manure and compost indicated that N2O emissions were mainly related to PFS. The modified DNDC model provides an approach to estimating N2O emissions from compost amended soils.

20.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 14362, 2017 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29084954

RESUMO

Some studies have proved that both acupuncture and moxibustion are very effective for the treatment of CAG. However, little is known about therapeutic mechanism of electro-acupuncture and moxibustion on CAG as well as the difference between them. On the other hand, metabolomics is a 'top-down' approach to understand metabolic changes of organisms caused by disease or interventions in holistic context, which consists with the holistic thinking of electro-acupuncture and moxibustion treatment. In this study, the difference of therapeutic mechanism between electro-acupuncture and moxibustion on CAG rats was investigated by a 1H NMR-based metabolomics analysis of multiple biological samples (serum, stomach, cerebral cortex and medulla) coupled with pathological examination and molecular biological assay. For all sample types, both electro-acupuncture and moxibustion intervention showed beneficial effects by restoring many CAG-induced metabolic changes involved in membrane metabolism, energy metabolism and function of neurotransmitters. Notably, the moxibustion played an important role in CAG treatment mainly by regulating energy metabolism in serum, while main acting site of electro-acupuncture treatment was nervous system in stomach and brain. These findings are helpful to facilitate the therapeutic mechanism elucidating of electro-acupuncture and moxibustion on CAG rats. Metabolomics is promising in mechanisms study for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura/métodos , Gastrite Atrófica/terapia , Moxibustão/métodos , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Animais , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Metabolômica/métodos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estômago/patologia
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