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2.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 232: 123481, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36731690

RESUMO

This study aimed at investigating the gastroprotective effect of Evodiae fructus polysaccharide (EFP) against ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in mice. Biochemical indexes along with untargeted serum and liver metabolomics were determined. Results showed that pre-treatment of EFP alleviated ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in mice. EFP lessened oxidative stress and inflammation levels of stomachs, showing as increments of SOD and GSH-Px activities, GSH content and IL-10 level, and reductions of MDA and IL-6 levels. Meanwhile, EFP activated the Keap1/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway through increasing Nrf2 and HO-1 protein expressions, and decreasing Keap1 protein expression. Serum and liver metabolomics analyses indicated that 10 metabolic potential biomarkers were identified among normal control, ulcer control and 200 mg/kg·bw of EFP groups, which were related to 5 enriched metabolic pathways including vitamin B6 metabolism, nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism, pentose phosphate pathway, bile secretion and ascorbate and aldarate metabolism. Further pearson's correlation analysis indicated that there were some positive and negative correlations between the biomarkers and the biochemical indexes. It could be concluded that the gastroprotection of EFP might be related to anti-oxidative stress, anti-inflammation, activation of Keap1/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and alteration of metabolic pathways. This study supports the potential application of EFP in preventing ethanol-induced gastric ulcer.

3.
Org Biomol Chem ; 21(5): 930-934, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36625377

RESUMO

Oxidative cross-coupling of two thiols is the most direct tool for the synthesis of unsymmetrical disulfides and highly desirable across academia and industry. However, the inevitable formation of significant amounts of the corresponding symmetrical by-products is a major issue. We herein present a method toward the synthesis of unsymmetrical disulfides in which the homo-coupling of the thiols is effectively inhibited by adding the two thiols sequentially, taking advantage of rapid oxidation of the thiol by bromodimethylsulfonium bromide.

4.
Nano Lett ; 23(2): 694-700, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629141

RESUMO

Layered transition-metal (TM) oxides have drawn ever-growing interest as positive electrode materials in potassium-ion batteries (PIBs). Nevertheless, the practical implementation of these positive electrode materials is seriously hampered by their inferior cyclic property and rate performance. Reported here is a self-templating strategy to prepare homogeneous P2-K0.6CoO2 (KCO) microcubes. Benefiting from the unusual microcube architecture, the interface between the electrolyte and the active material is considerably diminished. As a result, the KCO microcubes manifest boosted electrochemical properties for potassium storage including large reversible capacity (87.2 mAh g-1 under 20 mA g-1), superior rate performance, and ultralong cyclic steady (an improved capacity retention of 86.9% under 40 mA g-1 after 1000 cycles). More importantly, the fabrication approach can be effectively extended to prepare other layered TM oxide (P3-K0.5MnO2, P3-K0.5Mn0.8Fe0.2O2, P2-K0.6Co0.67Mn0.33O2, and P2-K0.6Co0.66Mn0.17Ni0.17O2) microcubes and nonlayered TM oxide (KFeO2) microcubes.

5.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 8(1): 136-140, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36685644

RESUMO

The complete chloroplast (cp) genome of Prunus phaeosticta (Hance) Maxim. has been characterized by reference-based assembly using Illumina paired-end data. The circular complete cp genome is 158,752 bp in length, comprising a large single-copy (LSC) region of 87,085 bp, a small single-copy (SSC) region of 18,923 bp, and a pair of inverted repeats (IRs) of 26,372 bp.A total of 129 functional genes were identified, including 84 protein-coding genes, 37 tRNA genes, and 8 ribosomal RNA genes. The phylogenetic analysis showed that P. phaeosticta displayed a kinship to Prunus zippeliana.

6.
Analyst ; 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36648296

RESUMO

Hydrazine (N2H4) produced by industries is distributed into different environments, and seriously threatens ecology and human security. Hence, it is important to develop probes that detect N2H4 in various environments. In this study, a novel N2H4 fluorescent probe was prepared based on a dibenzothiazole derivative (DBTD). The obtained DBTD probe demonstrated a strong ratio of colorimetric detection of N2H4, a rapid response, and good selectivity and sensitivity (detection limit 0.438 µM). Based on its good performance, the DBTD probe was successfully applied for the determination of trace N2H4 in water, cells, and zebrafish. In addition, the results of the fluorescence colocalization experiment demonstrated the lysosomal-targetable ability of DBTD.

7.
J Chromatogr A ; 1690: 463778, 2023 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36640680

RESUMO

A method for the determination of polyvinyl chloride was developed by the use of a micro sample pretreatment technique combined with ion chromatography. Polyvinyl chloride sample was placed in a sealed glass capillary containing 10 µL deionized water. As a micro pyrolysis reactor, the sealed glass capillary was maintained at 300 °C for 2 min in an oven. Under the above temperature, polyvinyl chloride was pyrolyzed rapidly and released hydrogen chloride, which was easily absorbed by deionized water. Subsequently, the absorption liquid was transferred to a volumetric flask and diluted to 10 mL. Ion chromatography was utilized to detect the content of chloride ion in the diluted absorption liquid for the quantification of polyvinyl chloride in samples. Good linear correlation coefficient (r = 0.9999) was obtained over a range of 0.02-2.00 mg polyvinyl chloride. Appropriate precision with the relative standard deviation below 16.4% and good recoveries between 86.0 and 119.4% were achieved in this work. The limits of detection and quantification were 0.004 mg and 0.012 mg for polyvinyl chloride respectively. The contents of polyvinyl chloride in real samples determined by the micro sample pretreatment technique were consistent with the results obtained by the referenced oxygen flask combustion method. It proved that the proposed method is simple, rapid and accurate for the determination of polyvinyl chloride in real samples.


Assuntos
Cromatografia , Cloreto de Polivinila , Cloreto de Polivinila/química , Água , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos
8.
J Mater Chem B ; 11(5): 1008-1019, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36647587

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) releasing wound dressings have attracted much attention for their ability to promote cell proliferation, stimulate angiogenesis, and resist inflammation. Mimicking the skin structure, a bilayer wound dressing based on aerogel/mats with H2S release capability was designed and fabricated. A bio-macromolecular H2S donor based on a keratin-TA conjugate (KTC) was first synthesized through a thiol-disulfide exchange reaction. As an inner layer, KTC was then loaded into a gelatin hydrogel with large pores to absorb the wound exudates and generate H2S self-catalytically. Subsequently, polyurethane was electrospun with glutathione (GSH) to be used as an outer layer with small pores, which provided mechanical support, supplied GSH, and prevented bacterial invasion. The bilayer dressing was capable of generating H2S self-catalytically, achieving a controlled and sustained release. The dressing could also promote cell proliferation and migration. In addition, the dress possessed enhanced antioxidant ability and reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging capability. The bilayer dressing on promoting wound healing was investigated in a full-thickness excisional cutaneous wound model in rats. The results demonstrated that it could reduce inflammation, promote vascularization, and facilitate hair follicle regeneration, thereby accelerating wound healing. Overall, the bilayer dressing has great potential applications in the field of the wound dressing.


Assuntos
Sulfeto de Hidrogênio , Ratos , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cicatrização , Sulfetos , Bandagens , Inflamação
9.
Bioact Mater ; 24: 376-386, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36632510

RESUMO

Good's buffers have been widely applied in cell/organ culture over the past half a century as biocompatible pH stabilizers. However, the emergence of severe adverse effects, such as cellular uptake, lysosomal autophagic activation, and visible light-induced cytotoxicity, raises serious questions over its biocompatibility while underlying mechanism was unclear. Here we report that riboflavin (RF, component of cell culture medium) generates 1O2, ·OH, and O2 •- under visible light exposure during regular cell manipulation. These short half-life reactive oxygen species (ROS) react with tertiary amine groups of HEPES, producing 106.6 µM of H2O2. Orders of magnitude elevated half-life of ROS in the medium caused severe cytotoxicity and systematic disorder of normal cell functions. We have further designed and validated zwitterionic betaines as the new generation biocompatible organic pH buffers, which is able to completely avoid the adverse effects that found on HEPES and derivate Good's buffers. These findings may also open a new avenue for zwitterionic betaine based materials for biomedical applications.

10.
iScience ; 26(1): 105761, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594012

RESUMO

The light-harvesting complex II of Bryopsis corticulans (B-LHCII), a green alga, differs from that of spinach (S-LHCII) in chlorophyll (Chl) and carotenoid (Car) compositions. We investigated ultrafast excitation dynamics of B-LHCII with visible-to-near infrared time-resolved absorption spectroscopy. Absolute fluorescence quantum yield (Φ FL) of LHCII and spectroelectrochemical (SEC) spectra of Chl a and b were measured to assist the spectral analysis. Red-light excitation at Chl Qy-band, but not Car-band, induced transient features resembling the characteristic SEC spectra of Chl a ⋅+ and Chl b ⋅-, indicating ultrafast photogeneration of Chl-Chl charge transfer (CT) species; Φ FL and 3Car∗ declined whereas CT species increased upon prolonging excitation wavelength, showing positive correlation of 1Chl∗ deactivation with Chl-Chl CT formation. Moreover, ultrafast Chl b-to-Chl a and Car-to-Chl singlet excitation transfer were illustrated. The red-light induction of Chl-Chl CT species, as also observed for S-LHCII, is considered a general occurrence for LHCIIs in light-harvesting form.

11.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(5): 1040-1045, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36254990

RESUMO

Ischemic accumulation of succinate causes cerebral damage by excess production of reactive oxygen species. However, it is unknown whether ischemic accumulation of succinate affects neural stem cell proliferation. In this study, we established a rat model of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery. We found that succinate levels increased in serum and brain tissue (cortex and hippocampus) after ischemia/reperfusion injury. Oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation stimulated primary neural stem cells to produce abundant succinate. Succinate can be converted into diethyl succinate in cells. Exogenous diethyl succinate inhibited the proliferation of mouse-derived C17.2 neural stem cells and increased the infarct volume in the rat model of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Exogenous diethyl succinate also increased the succinylation of the Rho family GTPase Cdc42 but repressed Cdc42 GTPase activity in C17.2 cells. Increasing Cdc42 succinylation by knockdown of the desuccinylase Sirt5 also inhibited Cdc42 GTPase activity in C17.2 cells. Our findings suggest that ischemic accumulation of succinate decreases Cdc42 GTPase activity by induction of Cdc42 succinylation, which inhibits the proliferation of neural stem cells and aggravates cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury.

12.
Am J Med Sci ; 363(3): 251-258, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547284

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock (CS) is the leading cause of the death in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Thyroid dysfunction is related to prognosis of patients with myocardial infarction. Hence, the aim of this study is to explore the relationship between thyroid hormones (free triiodothyronine [FT3] and free thyroxine [FT4]) and CS. METHODS: A total of 1270 patients with STEMI treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were consecutively enrolled in our study. Patients were classified into two groups according to with or without CS during hospitalization. Stepwise multivariate logistic analysis was conducted to investigate the association of thyroid hormones and CS. Restricted cubic spline method was employed to further explore the relationship between CS and thyroid hormones. RESULTS: Patients who developed CS (n=103) had lower FT3 and higher FT4 upon admission. The stepwise logistic analysis showed both FT3 (P=0.038) and FT4 (P=0.024) were independently related to CS. Restricted cubic splines indicated that lower FT3 (<2.25 pg/ml) or higher FT4 (>1.25 ng/dl) were correlated with higher prevalence of CS. Over 2.5 years' follow-up, patients (n=294) with low FT3 (<2.85 pg/ml) and high FT4 (>=0.88 ng/dl) had the highest all-cause mortality (18.2%), whereas patients (n=293) with high FT3 and low FT4 had the lowest all-cause mortality (3.8%) (P for trend <0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Both FT3 and FT4 were independently associated with in-hospital CS development in patients with STEMI treated with PCI. Patients with lower range of FT3 and upper range of FT4 had the worst outcomes in long-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Prognóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Choque Cardiogênico/epidemiologia , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia , Tri-Iodotironina
13.
Cell Death Discov ; 8(1): 481, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470863

RESUMO

Previous studies suggest that mesenchymal stem cells may represent a promising cellular therapy for acute lung injury (ALI); however, the underlying relevant molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) were isolated and characterized by alizarin red staining, oil red staining, and flow cytometry. Lung injury and inflammatory cell infiltration were determined using the Evans blue method, wet/dry weight ratio, and H&E staining. An ELISA was used to detect the concentrations of IFN-γ, IL-2, and TNF-α. Autophagy was detected with an mRFP-GFP-LC3 dual-fluorescence autophagy indicator system, Western blotting, and electron microscopy. We first demonstrated that ADSCs did alleviate the inflammatory responses and tissue damage in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI. Next, we further demonstrated in vivo that autophagy plays a key role in the maintenance of ADSC therapeutic efficacy. In vitro experiments demonstrated that ADSCs co-cultured with alveolar epithelial cells depend on autophagy for significant anti-inflammatory functions. Moreover, the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key regulator of autophagy. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that the effect of ADSC on ALI, especially on alveolar epithelial cells, is dependent on mTOR-mediated autophagy maintenance. The significance of our study for ALI therapy is discussed with respect to a more complete understanding of the therapeutic strategy paradigm.

14.
Water Environ Res ; 94(12): e10816, 2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471565

RESUMO

Fenton-like reaction has been widely used for organics degradation. However, most Fenton-like reaction works at low pH range (pH < 4) with uncontrollable selectivity of hydroxyl radicals from H2 O2 activation, and unsatisfied catalyst stability, which is compromised advanced oxidation performance for water/wastewater treatments. In this work, to solve the drawbacks, novel copper catalysts were fabricated via hydrogen reduction/calcination of Cu2+ -supported Al/MCM-41 with precisely controllable copper valence state. Compared with catalysts with monovalence copper (i.e., CuO, Cu, and Cu2+ ), the obtained catalysts with multivalence copper present higher selectivity, excellent stability towards •OH radical pathways, and outperformance in pCBA degradation efficiency at neutral state. In addition, the fabricated catalysts also exhibited excellent phenol removal efficiency (75.5%) and H2 O2 utilization efficiency (47.9%) within neutral environment. Moreover, the degradation efficiency of phenol approaches to 100% within only 2 h. The catalyst also shows good stability for organic pollutants removal, which shows good potential in catalytic oxidation for phenolic compounds-containing wastewater in Fenton-like reaction, especially under neutral pH conditions. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Multivalence copper presents great potentials for organic compounds removal at neutral condition. Multivalence copper shows higher selectivity toward •OH and good stability at neutral condition. Multivalence copper exhibiters outperformed phenol removal efficiency at neutral condition.

15.
J Hepatocell Carcinoma ; 9: 1217-1228, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36474670

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) plus tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) (TACE+IT) versus ICIs plus TKIs (IT) for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Materials and Methods: Data of consecutive advanced HCC patients receiving TACE+IT or IT between January 2019 and December 2021 were included and were retrospectively analyzed. Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to reduce bias due to confounding variables. The primary outcome of the study was overall survival (OS). The secondary outcomes were progression-free survival (PFS), objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), and adverse events (AEs), respectively. Results: Sixty-four patients were enrolled in the study, among which 24 and 40 received TACE+IT and IT, respectively. The PSM cohort included 24 patients receiving TACE+IT (TACE+IT group) and 24 patients receiving IT (IT group) alone. During a median follow-up of 23 months, patients in TACE+IT group had significantly longer OS (median, 17.3 vs 11.8 months, P = 0.023), better ORR (41.7% vs 12.5%, P = 0.023) and DCR (79.2% vs 50.0%, P = 0.035) than those in the IT group, whereas a non-significant trend in PFS (median, 7.4 vs 6.7 months, P = 0.23) was observed. According to multivariable cox regression analysis, it was found that treatment modality was the only independent risk factor for OS (HR = 0.404, 95% CI = 0.179-0.911, P < 0.05). There were no remarkable differences in AEs associated with ICIs and TKIs between the two groups, with the exception of gastrointestinal reaction. Conclusion: TACE combined with ICIs plus TKIs significantly improved OS, ORR, and DCR and showed a relatively longer PFS trend over ICIs combined with TKIs for advanced HCC.

16.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2205788, 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461754

RESUMO

Developing solid-state luminescent materials with bright long-wavelength emissions is of considerable practical importance in light-emitting diodes (LEDs) but remains a formidable challenge. Here, a novel structure engineering strategy is reported to realize solid-state fluorescence (FL)-emitted carbon dots (CDs) from visible to near-infrared region. This is the first report of such an extended wavelength emission of self-quenching-resistant solid-state CDs. Notably, the quantum yields of these CDs are remarkably improved up to 67.7%, which is the highest value for solid-state CDs. The surface polymer chains of CDs can efficiently suppress the conjugated sp2 carbon cores from π-π stacking inducing aggregation caused FL quenching, and the redshift of FL emissions is attributed to narrowing bandgap caused by an enlarged sp2 carbon core. Using these CDs as conversion phosphors, the fabrication of white LEDs with adjustable correlated color temperatures of 1882-5019 K is achieved. Moreover, a plant growth LED device is assembled with a blue-LED chip and deep-red/near-infrared-emitted CDs. Compared with sunlight and white LEDs, the peanuts irradiated by plant growth LED lamp show higher growth efficiency in terms of branches and leaves. This work provides high-quality solid-state CD-based phosphors for LED lighting sources that are required for diverse optoelectronic applications.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462186

RESUMO

Nitric oxide (NO) releasing vascular graft is promising due to its merits of thromboembolism reduction and endothelialization promotion. In this study, keratin-based NO donor of S-nitrosated keratin (KSNO) was blended with poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and further crosslinked with sodium trimetaphosphate (STMP) to afford PVA/KSNO biocomposite films. These films could release NO sustainably for up to 10 days, resulting in the promotion of HUVECs growth and the inhibition of HUASMCs growth. In addition, these films displayed good blood compatibility and antibacterial activity. Taken together, these films have potential applications in vascular grafts.

18.
Water Res ; 229: 119408, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462254

RESUMO

Snow owns stronger adsorption capacity for organic pollutants compared with rain. Huge amounts of anthropogenic dissolved organic matters (DOMs) in the atmosphere may enter the water environment with urban snow and increase water pollution risk. Extracting stable pollution features of urban snow is conducive to identifying the urban snow pollution from the water environment. Herein, we systematically explored the spectroscopic and compositional profiles of urban snow in Beijing from three snow events by multiple analytical tools and extracted stable pollution features of urban snow for the first time. Results showed that conventional pollutants with high concentration were detected in urban snow. The fluorescence signals of humic-like and some protein-like materials, the molecular weight distributions of chromophoric DOM at 254 nm and humic-like materials, and 172 kinds of lignin-like molecular formulas were extracted as stable features for urban snow. These stable features of urban snow laid the foundation for the identification of urban snow pollution and the analysis of the impact mechanisms of atmospheric pollution sources on the water environment.

19.
Curr Drug Metab ; 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 101BHG-D01 is a novel selective anti-muscarinic (M) 3 receptor-blocking drug. 101BHG-D01 nasal spray is intended to be used to relieve sneezing and runny nose symptoms caused by allergic rhinitis. METHODS: In this study, we examined the plasma pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution, and major excretion mode of 101BHG-D01 in Beagle dogs and rats following nasal spray and intranasal administration, respectively, using HPLC-MS/MS. RESULTS/DISCUSSION: We found that the pharmacokinetics of 101BHG-D01 was linear in dogs. 101BHG-D01 entered the bloodstream rapidly following nasal spray. Its plasma half-life was approximately 6 h and resided at least 24 h in the body. Moreover, 101BHG-D01 retained a significant amount in the nasal cavity. Finally, we found that 101BHG-D01 was eliminated mainly in the form of stools in rats. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, we provided pertinent reference information regarding the design and optimization of drug delivery regimens for clinical trials.

20.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 1316, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456628

RESUMO

Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) play a central role in atherosclerosis progression, but the functional changes in VSMCs and the associated cellular crosstalk during atherosclerosis progression remain unknown. Here we show that scRNA-seq analysis of proximal adjacent (PA) and atherosclerotic core (AC) regions of human carotid artery plaques identifies functional alterations in macrophage-like VSMCs, elucidating the main state differences between PA and AC VSMCs. And, IL-1ß mediates macrophage-macrophage-like VSMC crosstalk through regulating key transcription factors involved in macrophage-like VSMCs functional alterations during atherosclerosis progression. In vitro assays reveal VSMCs trans-differentiated into a macrophage-like phenotype and then functional alterations in response to macrophage-derived stimuli. IL-1ß promots the adhesion, inflammation, and apoptosis of macrophage-like VSMCs in a STAT3 dependent manner. The current findings provide interesting insight into the macrophages-macrophage-like VSMC crosstalk, which would drive functional alterations in the latter cell type through IL-1ß/STAT3 axis during atherosclerosis progression.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Músculo Liso Vascular , Humanos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso , Macrófagos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Fator de Transcrição STAT3
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