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1.
J Int Med Res ; 48(10): 300060520957197, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify Parkinson's disease (PD)-associated deregulated pathways and genes, to further elucidate the pathogenesis of PD. METHODS: Dataset GSE100054 was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus, and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in PD samples were identified. Functional enrichment analyses were conducted for the DEGs. The top 10 hub genes in the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network were screened out and used to construct a support vector machine (SVM) model. The expression of the top 10 genes was then validated in another dataset, GSE46129, and a clinical patient cohort. RESULTS: A total of 333 DEGs were identified. The DEGs were clustered into two gene sets that were significantly enriched in 12 pathways, of which 8 were significantly deregulated in PD, including cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, gap junction, and actin cytoskeleton regulation. The signature of the top 10 hub genes in the PPI network was used to construct the SVM model, which had high performance for predicting PD. Of the 10 genes, GP1BA, GP6, ITGB5, and P2RY12 were independent risk factors of PD. CONCLUSION: Genes such as GP1BA, GP6, P2RY12, and ITGB5 play critical roles in PD pathology through pathways including cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, gap junctions, and actin cytoskeleton regulation.

2.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(20): 8922-8929, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022176

RESUMO

We report on the findings of a blind challenge devoted to determining the frozen-core, full configuration interaction (FCI) ground-state energy of the benzene molecule in a standard correlation-consistent basis set of double-ζ quality. As a broad international endeavor, our suite of wave function-based correlation methods collectively represents a diverse view of the high-accuracy repertoire offered by modern electronic structure theory. In our assessment, the evaluated high-level methods are all found to qualitatively agree on a final correlation energy, with most methods yielding an estimate of the FCI value around -863 mEH. However, we find the root-mean-square deviation of the energies from the studied methods to be considerable (1.3 mEH), which in light of the acclaimed performance of each of the methods for smaller molecular systems clearly displays the challenges faced in extending reliable, near-exact correlation methods to larger systems. While the discrepancies exposed by our study thus emphasize the fact that the current state-of-the-art approaches leave room for improvement, we still expect the present assessment to provide a valuable community resource for benchmark and calibration purposes going forward.

3.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 235, 2020 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037188

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection can lead to respiratory illness and multi-organ failure in critically ill patients. Although the virus-induced lung damage and inflammatory cytokine storm are believed to be directly associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) clinical manifestations, the underlying mechanisms of virus-triggered inflammatory responses are currently unknown. Here we report that SARS-CoV-2 infection activates caspase-8 to trigger cell apoptosis and inflammatory cytokine processing in the lung epithelial cells. The processed inflammatory cytokines are released through the virus-induced necroptosis pathway. Virus-induced apoptosis, necroptosis, and inflammation activation were also observed in the lung sections of SARS-CoV-2-infected HFH4-hACE2 transgenic mouse model, a valid model for studying SARS-CoV-2 pathogenesis. Furthermore, analysis of the postmortem lung sections of fatal COVID-19 patients revealed not only apoptosis and necroptosis but also massive inflammatory cell infiltration, necrotic cell debris, and pulmonary interstitial fibrosis, typical of immune pathogenesis in the lung. The SARS-CoV-2 infection triggered a dual mode of cell death pathways and caspase-8-dependent inflammatory responses may lead to the lung damage in the COVID-19 patients. These discoveries might assist the development of therapeutic strategies to treat COVID-19.

4.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 8469560, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33062702

RESUMO

Objective: To understand how to implement proactive prevention measures among healthcare professionals for preventing potential nosocomial infection. Methods: 91 healthcare professionals confirmed with the COVID-19 infection were collected, and clinical characteristics and epidemiological data were evaluated. Results: Among the cases, 77 cases (84.6%) were confirmed by the viral nucleic acid test, and the other 14 cases were diagnosed by the clinical investigation. Ground glass opacity and bilateral shadows distribution were observed in 78 cases (85.6%). 56 cases (61.5%) were admitted into Zhongnan Hospital and subjected to antiviral treatment. 73 of a total of 91 cases (80.2%) with a median incubation period of 3 days (IQR, 2 to 6) reported close contact history with patients with the COVID-19 infection. The most common symptoms at the onset of illness were fever (66 cases, 72.5%) and cough (54 cases, 59.3%). The initial positive rate of the CT scan and RT-PCR assay were 84.6% and 48.4%, respectively (P < 0.01). There were 50 cases occurred during the early stage (before Jan 20, 2020), whereas 41 cases occurred at a late stage (after Jan 20, 2020). In the early stage, the most common route of exposure to COVID-19 was via direct care in the absence of any invasive procedure. By contrast, 37 healthcare professionals infected with COVID-19 in the late stage were confirmed to have been exposed via aerosol-generating procedures. Conclusion: Identification of the asymptomatic individuals in healthcare settings and prompt response when a suspicious case is considered may render effective control of the nosocomial infection during this pandemic.

5.
Orthop Surg ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063440

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique of primary repair of medial collateral ligament (MCL) insufficiency using a screw and rectangular spiked washer in a case series of 14 patients. METHODS: Fourteen patients undergoing MCL repair by a screw and rectangular spiked washer during TKA between March 2018 and March 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Among them, half injuries were avulsion of the femoral origin, and the other half were MCL laxity. There were 12 women and two men included in the study, with an average age of 63.6 years (range, 49-79 years) at the time of surgery. This series were followed up with a focus on range of motion (ROM), coronal alignment, Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee scores, their subjective sense of joint instability, and related complications. At the last follow-up, function of the MCL was assessed by manually applying a valgus stress to the knee at both 0° and 30° of knee flexion. RESULTS: The mean follow-up time for all patients was 15.6 months (range, 13-20 months). Repair of the MCL was successful in all patients. ROM improved from a mean of 70.7° ± 35.1° before surgery to 103.9° ± 6.8° at latest follow-up (P = 0.001). All patients were able to perform a half squat easily, but none were able to do full squatting. The mean preoperative HSS score was 43.6 ± 13.4 and increased to a mean of 85.6 ± 3.8 postoperatively (P < 0.001). The femorotibial angle improved from a mean of -3.22° ± 9.47° before surgery to a mean of 5.16° ± 3.14° at the final follow-up (P = 0.006). At the time of final follow-up, no patient required revision and manipulation under anesthesia following the index arthroplasty. No radiolucencies or migration were observed in association with the knee prostheses. No displacement of the screw and rectangular spiked washer was found. There were no clinical complications. No patient reported subjective instability of the knee. Upon physical examination, no patient was found to have laxity in the coronal plane in either 30° of flexion or full extension. CONCLUSIONS: The screw and rectangular spiked washer is a simple and effective method for treating MCL sufficiency in TKA, and a study with a larger cohort and extended follow-up is requisite to claim its role in preventing coronal instability and component failure.

6.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052465

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to validate the performance of simultaneous non-contrast angiography and intraplaque hemorrhage (SNAP) imaging in characterizing carotid IPH by histology. METHODS: Thirty-five patients with carotid atherosclerotic disease (symptomatic 50-70% stenosis or > 70% stenosis) scheduled for carotid endarterectomy underwent 3.0-T carotid MR imaging by acquiring SNAP and magnetization-prepared rapid acquisition gradient-echo (MP-RAGE) sequences. Presence and area of IPH were separately evaluated on SNAP and MP-RAGE images. Presence and area of IPH were also assessed on histology. Agreement between SNAP/MP-RAGE and histology was determined in identify and quantify IPH using Cohen kappa, Spearman correlation, and Bland-Altman analyses. RESULTS: Of all 35 patients (mean age: 63.1 ± 8.8 years; 27 males), 128 slices with successful registration were eligible for analysis. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were 86.7%, 85%, 89.6%, 93.2%, and 78.2% for SNAP, and 76.6%, 75%, 79.2%, 85.7%, and 65.5% for MP-RAGE in identification of IPH, respectively. In identification of IPH, the kappa value between SNAP and histology and between MP-RAGE and histology was 0.725 and 0.520, respectively. The correlation between SNAP and histology (r = 0.805, p < 0.001) was stronger than that between MP-RAGE and histology (r = 0.637, p < 0.001) in measuring IPH area. Bland-Altman analysis showed that, in measuring IPH area, the bias of SNAP (1.4 mm2, 95% CI: - 0.016 to 2.883) was smaller than that of MP-RAGE (1.7 mm2, 95% CI: - 0.039 to 3.430) compared with histology. CONCLUSIONS: This validation study by histology demonstrates that SNAP sequence better identifies and quantifies carotid intraplaque hemorrhage compared with traditional MP-RAGE sequence. KEY POINTS: • SNAP imaging showed better agreement with histology compared with MP-RAGE imaging, especially for the IPHs with small size. • SNAP sequence is a more effective tool to identify and quantify carotid IPH than traditional sequence of MP-RAGE that can help clinicians to optimizing the treatment strategy. • The plaque components of rich lipid pools or loose matrix and chronic/old IPH (cholesterol crystals) can lead to false positive and false negative results in SNAP and MP-RAGE imaging for identifying IPH.

7.
BMC Med Imaging ; 20(1): 117, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate whether quantitative dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) pharmacokinetic parameters can be used to predict the pathologic stages of oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC). METHODS: For this prospective study, DCE-MRI was performed in participants with OTSCC from May 2016 to June 2017. The pharmacokinetic parameters, including Ktrans, Kep, Ve, and Vp, were derived from DCE-MRI by utilizing a two-compartment extended Tofts model and a three-dimensional volume of interest. The postoperative pathologic stage was determined in each patient based on the 8th AJCC cancer staging manual. The quantitative DCE-MRI parameters were compared between stage I-II and stage III-IV lesions. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine independent predictors of tumor stages, followed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis to evaluate the predictive performance. RESULTS: The mean Ktrans, Kep and Vp values were significantly lower in stage III-IV lesions compared with stage I-II lesions (p = 0.013, 0.005 and 0.011, respectively). Kep was an independent predictor for the advanced stages as determined by univariate and multivariate logistic analysis. ROC analysis showed that Kep had the highest predictive capability, with a sensitivity of 64.3%, a specificity of 82.6%, a positive predictive value of 81.8%, a negative predictive value of 65.5%, and an accuracy of 72.5%. CONCLUSION: The quantitative DCE-MRI parameter Kep can be used as a biomarker for predicting pathologic stages of OTSCC.

8.
Ceram Int ; 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32905031

RESUMO

This paper reports the structural, morphological, spectroscopic, dielectric, ac conductivity, and impedance properties of nanocrystalline Mn1-xZnxFe2O4. The nanocrystalline Mn-Zn ferrites were synthesized using a solvent-free combustion reaction method. The structural analysis using X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern reveals the single-phase of all the samples and the Rietveld refined XRD patterns confirmed the cubic-spinel structure. The calculated crystallite size values increase from 8.5 nm to 19.6 nm with the Zn concentration. The surface morphological analysis using field emission scanning electron microscopy and the transmission electron microscopy confirms the nano size of the prepared ferrites. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used to study the ionic state of the atoms present in the samples. Further, the high-resolution Mn 2p, Zn 2p, Fe 2p, and O 1s spectra of Mn1-xZnxFe2O4 does not result in the appearance of new peaks with Zn content, indicating that the Zn substitution does not change the ionic state of Mn, Zn, Fe, and O present in nanocrystalline Mn1-xZnxFe2O4. The investigated electrical properties show that the dielectric constant, tan δ and ac conductivity gradually decrease with increasing Zn substitution and the sample Mn0.2Zn0.8Fe2O4 has the lowest value of conductivity at 303 K. The ac conductivity measured at different temperatures shows the semiconducting nature of the ferrites. The impedance spectra analysis shows that the contribution of grain boundary is higher compared with the grain to the resistance. The obtained results suggest that the Zn substituted manganese ferrite nanoparticles can act as a promising candidate for high-frequency electronic devices applications.

9.
Br J Radiol ; : 20200661, 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877208

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the performance of pretreatment structural and arterial spin labelling (ASL) MRI in predicting p53 mutation in patients with high-grade gliomas (HGGs). METHODS: Pre-treatment structural and ASL MRI were performed in 57 patients with histologically confirmed HGGs and information of p53 status. Whole-lesion histogram analysis of cerebral blood flow (CBF) images of the enhancing tumour and the peritumoral oedema in the HGGs were performed. Visually AcceSAble Rembrandt Images features were used as qualitative analysis. The differences of ASL histogram parameters and Visually AcceSAble Rembrandt Images features between HGGs with or without p53 mutation were analyzed with post hoc correction for multiple comparisons. LASSO regression was performed to select the optimal features that could predict p53 mutation, followed by receiver operating characteristic analysis to determine the predictive efficacy. RESULTS: A total of 33 HGGs with p53 mutation and 24 without p53 mutation were included. HGGs with mutant p53 showed lower CBFpercentile5 and CBFuniformity of the enhancing tumour (p < 0.05) and higher prevalence of the qualitative MRI feature of enhancing tumour crossing midline (ETCM) (p < 0.05) as compared with HGGs with wild-type p53. LASSO regression showed that the CBFuniformity of the enhancing tumour and ETCM were predictive features for p53 mutation. CBFuniformity showed an acceptable performance in predicting p53 mutation (area under the curve = 0.721), when combined with the feature of ETCM, its predictive efficacy was significantly improved (area under the curve = 0.814, p = 0.012). CONCLUSION: An integrated pre-treatment structural and ASL MRI can help to predict p53 mutation in HGGs.

10.
Herz ; 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to observe the effect and potential mechanism of physiological ischemic training (PIT) in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: A total of 165 patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy were randomly selected by the convenience sampling method and were divided into the control and experimental groups. The control group received conventional drug treatment, while the experimental group received additional PIT. All patients were followed up for 6 months and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAS) activity parameters and myocardial remodeling indicators were recorded. RESULTS: After the 6­month intervention, cardiac function indicators in the two groups were significantly improved compared with before intervention (all P < 0.01), but the experimental group showed significantly more improvement compared with the control group (all P < 0.01). Similarly, RAS activity parameters and myocardial remodeling indicators of the two groups were significantly reduced after intervention compared with before intervention (all P < 0.01). However, the experimental group showed significantly lower myocardial remodeling indicators than the control group (all P < 0.01). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and nitric oxide (NO) concentrations in peripheral blood in the experimental group were significantly increased after intervention compared with before intervention (both P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: PIT can be applied in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy on the basis of the original standardized drug treatment. PIT ameliorates cardiac blood flow reserve by increasing VEGF and NO concentrations in the peripheral blood, as well as by inhibiting the RAS system and myocardial remodeling. This ultimately improves the patient's cardiac function to a greater extent.

11.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(33): 4996-5007, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32952345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver fat accumulation is associated with increased cholesterol synthesis and hypersecretion of biliary cholesterol, which may be related to the development of cholelithiasis. AIM: To investigate whether liver fat accumulation measured by high-speed T2-corrected multi-echo magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a risk factor for cholelithiasis. METHODS: Forty patients with cholelithiasis and thirty-one healthy controls were retrospectively enrolled. The participants underwent high-speed T2-corrected multi-echo single-voxel MRS of the liver at a 3T MR scanner. The proton density fat fraction (PDFF) and R2 value were calculated. Serum parameters and waist circumference (WC) were recorded. Spearman's correlation analysis was used to analyze the relationship between PDFF, R2, and WC values. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out to determine the significant predictors of the risk of cholelithiasis. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis was used to evaluate the discriminative performance of significant predictors. RESULTS: Patients with cholelithiasis had higher PDFF, R2, and WC values compared with healthy controls (5.8% ± 4.2% vs 3.3% ± 2.4%, P = 0.001; 50.4 ± 24.8/s vs 38.3 ± 8.8/s, P = 0.034; 85.3 ± 9.0 cm vs 81.0 ± 6.9 cm, P = 0.030; respectively). Liver iron concentration extrapolated from R2 values was significantly higher in the cholelithiasis group (2.21 ± 2.17 mg/g dry tissue vs 1.22 ± 0.49 mg/g dry tissue, P = 0.034) than in the healthy group. PDFF was positively correlated with WC (r = 0.502, P < 0.001) and R2 (r = 0.425, P < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that only PDFF was an independent risk factor for cholelithiasis (odds ratio = 1.79, 95%CI: 1.22-2.62, P = 0.003). ROC analysis showed that the area under the curve of PDFF was 0.723 for discriminating cholelithiasis from healthy controls, with a sensitivity of 55.0% and specificity of 83.9% when the cut-off value of PDFF was 4.4%. CONCLUSION: PDFF derived from high speed T2-corrected multi-echo MRS can predict the risk of cholelithiasis.

12.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(9): 777, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948745

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), which may be modulated by chemokines, are key regulators in many cancers including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). An understanding of lncRNAs involved in chemokine (CC motif) ligand 18 (CCL18)-induced OSCC promotion remains elusive. The present study using lncRNA sequencing found LINC00319 to be significantly upregulated in OSCC cells subjected to rCCL18 stimulation. Furthermore, LINC00319 knockdown was found to attenuate the carcinogenic function of CCL18 in OSCC, reducing OSCC proliferation, metastasis, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and angiogenesis. LINC00319 was demonstrated to act as a ceRNA in OSCC, which directly responded to miR-199a-5p and rescued the repression of FZD4 by miR-199a-5p. Functionally, in vitro and in vivo experiments showed that LINC00319 promoted OSCC growth and metastasis via downregulating miR-199a-5p and upregulating FZD4. In vitro rescue assays demonstrated that miR-199a-5p inhibitor or FZD4 overexpression reversed the effects of LINC00319 silencing in OSCC. Importantly, the expression of miR-199a-5p and FZD4 were found to be mediated by CCL18, and miR-199a-5p mimics inhibited the CCL18-promoting effects in oral cancer cells. Taken together, these results evidenced a mechanism of CCL18 action in OSCC mediated through the LINC00319/miR-199a-5p/FZD4 signaling pathway, which may comprise a potential target for OSCC therapeutic development.

13.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(17): 17150-17166, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911464

RESUMO

In recent years, LNK, an adapter protein, has been found to be associated with metabolic diseases, including hypertension and diabetes. We found that the expression of LNK in human adipose tissue was positively correlated with serum glucose and insulin in obese people. We examined the role of LNK in insulin resistance and systemic energy metabolism using LNK-deficient mice (LNK-/-). With consumption of a high-fat diet, wild type (WT) mice accumulated more intrahepatic triglyceride, higher serum triglyceride (TG), free fatty acid (FFA) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) compared with LNK-/- mice. However, there was no significant difference between LNK-/- and WT mice under normal chow diet. Meanwhile, glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) expression in adipose tissue and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in adipocytes were increased in LNK-/- mice. LNK-/- adipose tissue showed activated reactivity for IRS1/PI3K/Akt/AS160 signaling, and administration of a PI3K inhibitor impaired glucose uptake. In conclusion, LNK plays a pivotal role in adipose glucose transport by regulating insulin-mediated IRS1/PI3K/Akt/AS160 signaling.

14.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 42(4): 497-503, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895102

RESUMO

Objective To develop an ideal surgical procedure for neobladder reconstruction in experimental porcine models. Methods Six experimental female pigs weighting 28-33 kg underwent transplantation of autologous peritoneum for bladder reconstruction under general anesthesia.The flaps were used to reconstruct the orthotopic neobladder by suturing with the edges of the triangle and neck of the remnant bladder.The ureteral catheters were removed on the 5 th postoperative day and the balloon catheter was removed on the 7 th postoperative day.Voiding behaviour was monitored.The animals were euthanized at week 12 for routine pathology,immunohistochemistry,and electron microscopy. Results All the pigs survived after the surgery,and no postoperative complication such as peritonitis,intestinal obstruction,or urinary fistula was observed.All the peritoneum-ileum composite free valves survived after transplantation.Voiding behaviour was normal after catheter removal,and the urine was clear.At autopsy,reconstructed bladders were healthy.Pathological examination showed the neobladder had been covered by continuous urothelium while the peritoneum disappeared and showed no ileal mucosa regrowth and residual.Scanning electron microscope showed the transitional cells of neobladder were complete and orderly,and the urothelium around suture border was continuous and showed no malposition. Conclusions Reconstruction of bladder by autologous peritoneum and ileal seromuscular flaps is an ideal approach in the experimental pigs as it can prevent regrowth of ileal epithelial cells and avoid the complications of conventional enterocystoplasty.Its clinical application deserves further investigations.


Assuntos
Íleo , Peritônio , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Animais , Cistectomia , Feminino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Suínos
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925581

RESUMO

Invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) is a lifesaving strategy for critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We aim to report the case series of critical patients receiving IMV in Wuhan and to discuss the timing of IMV in these patients. METHODS: Data of 657 patients admitted to emergency intensive care unit of Zhongnan Hospital and isolated isolation wards of Wuhan Union Hospital from January 1 to March 10, 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. All medical records of 40 COVID-19 patients who required IMV were collected at different time points, including baseline (at admission), before receiving IMV, and before death or hospital discharge. RESULTS: Among 40 COVID-19 patients with IMV, 31 died, 9 survived and discharged. The median age was 70 years (IQR 62-76), and non-survivors were older than survivors. The median period from the non-invasive mechanic ventilation (NIV) or high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) to intubation was 7 hours (IQR 2-42) in IMV survivors and 54 hours (IQR 28-143) in IMV non-survivors. We observed that when the time interval from NIV/HFNC to intubation less than 50 hours (about 2 calendar days), together with APACHE II score less than 10, or PSI score less than 100, mortality can be reduced to 60% or less. Prolonged interval from NIV/HFNC to intubation as well as high levels of APACHE II and PSI prior to intubation was associated with higher mortality in critically ill patients. Multiple organ damage was common among these non-survivors in the course of treatment. CONCLUSION: Early initial intubation after NIV/HFNC might have a beneficial effect in reducing mortality for critically ill patients meeting IMV indication. Considering APACHE II and PSI score might help physicians in decision-making about timing of intubation for curbing subsequent mortality. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: level Vtherapeutic.

16.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930831

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the role of kinetic parameters of primary tumor derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) in predicting pelvic lymph node metastasis (PLNM) in patients with cervical cancer. METHODS: 66 women with newly diagnosed cervical cancer were included between July 2017 and August 2019. All patients had a FIGO stage IB-IIA cancer and treated with hysterectomy and bilateral lymphadenectomy. Kinetic parameters of the primary tumor were derived from DCE-MRI data. The tumor diameter, ADC value, kinetic parameters, and nodal short-axis diameter were compared between patients with or without PLNM. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent predictors for PLNM and receiver operator characteristic curve was used to evaluate the predictive performance. RESULTS: There were 20 patients with PLNM and 46 patients without PLNM. Tumor diameter, the efflux rate constant (Kep), and nodal short-axis diameter were significantly higher in patients with PLNM (P < 0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that Kep and short-axis diameter were independent predictors for PLNM. Combining Kep and nodal short-axis diameter yielded the highest area under the curve (AUC) of 0.839. Combined with Kep, the sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of nodal short-axis diameter increased from 0.500, 0.957, 0.815, and 0.833 to 0.600, 0.978, 0.923, and 0.849, respectively. With 1.113 min-1 as threshold, the sensitivity and specificity values of Kep in predicting PLNM in patients with normal-sized lymph nodes were 0.909 and 0.667, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Kep of primary tumor can be used as a surrogate marker to predict PLNM in cervical cancer.

17.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 14856, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908215

RESUMO

The problem of indoor odors can greatly affect a room's occupants. To identify odorants and comprehensively evaluate emissions from wooden materials, emissions and odors from Choerospondias axillaris (Roxb.) Burtt et Hill with different moisture content percentages and lacquer treatments were investigated in this study. Thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy/olfactometry was used to analyze the release characteristics. In total, 11 key odor-active compounds were identified as moisture content gradually decreased, concentrating between 15 and 33 min. Total volatile organic compounds, total very volatile organic compounds, and total odor intensity decreased as moisture content decreased. In addition, 35 odor-active compounds, including aromatics, alkenes, aldehydes, esters, and alcohols, were identified in the odor control list. Polyurethane (PU), ultraviolet (UV), and waterborne coatings had a good inhibitory effect on eight odor characteristics, but some scents arose after lacquer treatment. For equilibrium moisture content, the major characteristics of Choerospondias axillaris were fragrant (9.4) and mint-like (3.0) compared with the fragrant (8.2), fruity (7.8), and pleasant (5.8) characteristics of PU coating; the flowery (5.9), fragrant (5.0), glue-like (4.3), and pineapple-like (4.3) characteristics of UV coating; and the antiseptic solution (3.6), fragrant (2.9), cigarette-like (2.8), and fruity (2.5) characteristics of waterborne coating. Based on multicomponent evaluation, a Choerospondias axillaris board with waterborne coating was suggested for use indoors.

18.
Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars) ; 80(3): 225-244, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990282

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) has become the most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder. Given the pathogenesis of AD is unclear, there is currently no drug approved to halt or delay the progression of AD. Therefore, it is pressing to explore new targets and drugs for AD. In China, polyphenolic Chinese herbal medicine has been used for thousands of years in clinical application, and no toxic effects have been reported. In the present study, using D­galactose and aluminum­induced rat model, the effects of paeonol on AD were validated via the Morris water maze test, open field test, and elevated plus maze test. Neuronal morphology in frontal cortex was assessed using ImageJ's Sholl plugin and RESCONSTRUCT software. RhoA/Rock2/Limk1/cofilin1 signaling pathway­related molecules were determined by Western blotting. Cofilin1 and p­cofilin1 were analyzed by immunofluorescence. Results showed that pre­treatment with paeonol attenuated D­galactose and aluminum­induced behavioral dysfunction and AD­like pathological alterations in the frontal cortex. Accompanied by these changes were the alterations in the dendrite and dendritic spine densities, especially the mushroom­type and filopodia­type spines in the apical dendrites, as well as actin filaments. In addition, the activity and intracellular distribution of cofilin1 and the molecules RhoA/Rock2/Limk1 that regulate the signaling pathway for cofilin1 phosphorylation have also changed. Our data suggests that paeonol may be through reducing Aß levels to alleviate the loss of fibrillar actin and dendrites and dendritic spines via the Rho/Rock2/Limk1/cofilin1 signaling pathway in the frontal cortex, and ultimately improving AD­like behavior.

19.
NMR Biomed ; : e4419, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990357

RESUMO

X-linked creatine transporter deficiency (CTD) is one of the three types of cerebral creatine deficiency disorders. CTD arises from pathogenic variants in the X-linked gene SLC6A8. We report the first phosphorus (31 P) MRS study of patients with CTD, where both phosphocreatine and total creatine concentrations were found to be markedly reduced. Despite the diminished role of creatine and phosphocreatine in oxidative phosphorylation in CTD, we found no elevation of lactate or lowered pH, indicating that the brain energy supply still largely relied on oxidative metabolism. Our results suggest that mitochondrial function is a potential therapeutic target for CTD.

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