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1.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 666-677, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600979

RESUMO

An increased level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays a major role in endothelial dysfunction and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation during in-stent thrombosis and restenosis after coronary artery stenting. Herein, we report an electrospun core-shell nanofiber coloaded with 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine 1-oxyl (TEMPOL) and rapamycin (RAPA) that correspondingly serves as an ROS scavenger and VSMC inhibitor. This system has the potential to improve the biocompatibility of current drug-eluting stent (DES) coatings with the long-term and continuous release of TEMPOL and rapamycin. Moreover, the RAPA/TEMPOL-loaded membrane selectively inhibited the proliferation of VSMCs while sparing endothelial cells (ECs). This membrane demonstrated superior ROS-scavenging, anti-inflammatory and antithrombogenic effects in ECs. In addition, the membrane could maintain the contractile phenotype and mitigate platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB)-induced proliferation of VSMCs. In vivo results further revealed that the RAPA/TEMPOL-loaded covered stents promoted rapid restoration of vascular endothelium compared with DES and persistently impeded inflammation and neointimal hyperplasia in porcine models.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 632(Pt A): 140-150, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36413940

RESUMO

With the rapid development of human-machine technology, self-powered pressure sensor integrated systems have been extensively studied. However, there are only a few reports on such multifunctional devices using a single active material. In this work, we report a flexible integrated system, which consists of flexible pressure sensors and supercapacitors. Both of the devices were fabricated based on layered porous Cu@Cu2O/graphitic carbon (Cu@Cu2O/GC) composites, which were obtained by a one-step simple polymer heat treatment method. Due to the discontinuous conductive paths and effective stress concentration relief in the composite, the pressure sensor shows a high sensitivity of 90 kPa-1 in a wide working range of 0-150 kPa, a fast response time of 90 ms, and a detection limit of 2.4 Pa. Moreover, the layered porous structure Cu@Cu2O/GC can not only maintain the integrity of the electrode material, but also promote the diffusion of electrons, enabling super capacitors to obtain excellent electrochemical performance. The specific capacitance of the super capacitor is 17.8 mF cm-2. More importantly, the flexible self-powered integrated system could be directly attached to the human body to detect human motions, showing its great potential application in wearable devices.


Assuntos
Grafite , Humanos , Carbono , Porosidade , Capacitância Elétrica , Eletrodos
3.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(1): 194-199, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35799542

RESUMO

DL-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP)-a compound isolated from Apium graveolens seeds-is protective against brain ischemia via various mechanisms in humans and has been approved for treatment of acute ischemic stroke. NBP has shown recent potential as a treatment for Parkinson's disease. However, the underlying mechanism of action of NBP remains poorly understood. In this study, we established a rat model of Parkinson's disease by intraperitoneal injection of rotenone for 28 successive days, followed by intragastric injection of NBP for 14-28 days. We found that NBP greatly alleviated rotenone-induced motor disturbance in the rat model of Parkinson's disease, inhibited loss of dopaminergic neurons and aggregation of α-synuclein, and reduced iron deposition in the substantia nigra and iron content in serum. These changes were achieved by alterations in the expression of the iron metabolism-related proteins transferrin receptor, ferritin light chain, and transferrin 1. NBP also inhibited oxidative stress in the substantia nigra and protected mitochondria in the rat model of Parkinson's disease. Our findings suggest that NBP alleviates motor disturbance by inhibition of iron deposition, oxidative stress, and ferroptosis in the substantia nigra.

4.
Bioact Mater ; 23: 170-186, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36406256

RESUMO

Purpose: This review aims to explore the history, research hotspots, and emerging trends of drug-eluting stents(DES)in the last two decades from the perspective of structural and temporal dynamics. Methods: Publications on DES were retrieved from WoSCC. The bibliometric tools including CiteSpace and HistCite were used to identify the historical features, the evolution of active topics, and emerging trends on the DES field. Results: In the last 20 years, the field of DES is still in the hot phase and there is a wide range of extensive scientific collaborations. In addition, active topics emerge in different periods, as evidenced by a total of 41 disciplines, 511 keywords, and 1377 papers with citation bursts. Keyword clustering anchored five emerging research subfields, namely #0 dual antiplatelet therapy, #3 drug-coated balloon, #4 bifurcation, 5# rotational atherectomy, and 6# quantitative flow ratio. The keyword alluvial map shows that the most persistent research concepts in this field are thrombosis, restenosis, etc., and the emerging keywords are paclitaxel eluting balloon, coated balloon, drug-eluting balloon, etc. There are 7 recent research subfields anchored by reference clustering, namely #2 dual antiplatelet therapy, #4 drug-coated balloon, #5 peripheral artery disease, #8 fractional flow reserve, #10 bioresorbable vascular scaffold, # 13 intravascular ultrasound, #14 biodegradable polymer. Conclusion: The findings based on the bibliometric studies provide the current status and trends in DES research and may help researchers to identify hot topics and explore new research directions in this field.

5.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt A): 116597, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308785

RESUMO

Currently, the influence of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration (eCO2) on ammonia oxidation to nitrite, the rate-limiting step of nitrification in paddy soil, is poorly known. Previous studies that simulate the effect of eCO2 on nitrification are primarily based on an abrupt increase of atmospheric CO2 concentration. However, paddy ecosystems are experiencing a gradual increase of CO2 concentration. To better understand how the nitrification potential, abundance and communities of ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) respond to eCO2 in paddy ecosystems, a field experiment was conducted using the following two treatments: a gradual increase of CO2 (EC, increase of 40 ppm per year until 200 ppm above ambient) and ambient CO2 (CK). The results demonstrated that the EC treatment significantly (P < 0.05) stimulated the soil potential nitrification rate (PNR) at the jointing and milky stages, which increased by 127.83% and 27.35%, respectively, compared with CK. Furthermore, the EC treatment significantly (P < 0.05) stimulated the AOA and AOB abundance by 56.60% and 133.84%, respectively, at the jointing stage. Correlation analysis showed that the PNR correlated well with the abundance of AOB (R2 = 0.7389, P < 0.001). In addition, the EC treatment significantly (P < 0.05) altered the community structure of AOB, while it had little effect on that of AOA. A significant difference in the proportion of Nitrosospira was observed between CO2 treatments. In conclusion, the gradual increase of CO2 positively influenced the PNR and abundance of ammonia oxidizers, and AOB could be more important than AOA in nitrification under eCO2.


Assuntos
Betaproteobacteria , Nitrificação , Amônia , Dióxido de Carbono , Microbiologia do Solo , Ecossistema , Archaea , Solo/química , Oxirredução , Filogenia
6.
bioRxiv ; 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451886

RESUMO

Infection with the etiological agent of COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, appears capable of impacting cognition, which some patients with Post-acute Sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 (PASC). To evaluate neuro-pathophysiological consequences of SARS-CoV-2 infection, we examine transcriptional and cellular signatures in the Broadman area 9 (BA9) of the frontal cortex and the hippocampal formation (HF) in SARS-CoV-2, Alzheimer's disease (AD) and SARS-CoV-2 infected AD individuals, compared to age- and gender-matched neurological cases. Here we show similar alterations of neuroinflammation and blood-brain barrier integrity in SARS-CoV-2, AD, and SARS-CoV-2 infected AD individuals. Distribution of microglial changes reflected by the increase of Iba-1 reveal nodular morphological alterations in SARS-CoV-2 infected AD individuals. Similarly, HIF-1α is significantly upregulated in the context of SARS-CoV-2 infection in the same brain regions regardless of AD status. The finding may help to inform decision-making regarding therapeutic treatments in patients with neuro-PASC, especially those at increased risk of developing AD. Teaser: SARS-CoV-2 and Alzheimer's disease share similar neuroinflammatory processes, which may help explain neuro-PASC.

7.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 113(Pt A): 109416, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461605

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a progressive and unpredictable colorectal inflammatory disease, is a global health problem. Currently, therapeutic strategies for the management of the disease are limited. Results from our previous studies indicated that probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum exhibits therapeutic effects against IBD, and through screening, we obtained an active 61-amino-acid long protein, L. plantarum membrane protein 1 (LpMP-1). Based on druggability-guided strategies, the search for LpMPs with lower molecular weights and better bioactivities contributes to the development of new anti-inflammatory agents to overcome the limitations of existing therapies against IBD. We used amino-acid-truncation strategies to obtain modified LpMPs (LpMP-2 - LpMP-9) using LpMP-1 as the parent template. Furthermore, we systematically evaluated the anti-colitis pharmacodynamics of these LpMPs in terms of symptomatology, histopathology, and cytokine levels in DSS-induced ulcerative colitis mice. Their possible targets of action against IBD was investigated under an iTRAQ-based pharmacoproteomic system and a docking-guided receptor-ligand relationship frame. We found a new active protein, LpMP-8, which had a lower molecular weight than LpMP-1. LpMP-8 was found to exhibit anti-colitis activity following oral administration in vivo (50 µg/kg) by improving symptoms of colitis, colonic ulcerations, and cytokine disorders. TLRs and TGF-ß were found to be involved in the action of LpMP-8 against colitis; LpMP-8 was to compete with TLR4-MD2-bound LPS and reverse TGF-ß and Smad2/7 disorders. Our probiotic-derived LpMP-8 was shown to elicit oral anti-colitis activity, and its significant efficacy is probably associated with TLR4 and TGF-ß.


Assuntos
Colite , Doenças do Colo , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Lactobacillus plantarum , Animais , Camundongos , Sulfato de Dextrana , Proteínas de Membrana , Receptor 4 Toll-Like , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Citocinas , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36468843

RESUMO

Arterial remodeling is a common pathological foundation of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, vascular restenosis, hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, aortic dissection and aneurysm. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are not only the main cellular components in the middle layer of the arterial wall but also the main cells involved in arterial remodeling. Dedifferentiated VSMCs lose their contractile properties and convert to synthetic, secretory, proliferative, and migratory phenotypes, which play key roles in the pathogenesis of arterial remodeling. As the main site of biological oxidation and energy transformation in eukaryotic cells, mitochondrial numbers and function are very important in maintaining the metabolic processes in VSMCs. Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress are novel triggers of the phenotypic transformation of VSMCs, leading to the onset and development of arterial remodeling. Therefore, pharmacological measures to improve mitochondrial dysfunction reverse arterial remodeling by improving VSMC metabolic disorders and phenotypic transformation, which brings new options for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases related to arterial remodeling. This review summarizes the relationship between mitochondrial dysfunction and cardiovascular diseases associated with arterial remodeling and then discusses the potential mechanism by which mitochondrial dysfunction participates in pathological arterial remodeling. Furthermore, maintaining or improving mitochondrial function can be a new intervention strategy to prevent the progression of arterial remodeling.

9.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 41(1): 332, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36457025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The biological function of lncRNA ELF3-AS1 remains largely unknown in cancers. The cause of SNAI2 overexpression in tumor metastasis remains largely unclear. The molecular mechanisms underlying the high co-expression of antisense lncRNAs and adjacent protein-coding genes remains unclear. METHODS: RNA-seq, CHIP and dual-luciferase reporter assay were performed to identify lncRNAs regulated by SNAI2. MicroRNA-seq and RNA-seq studies were conducted to reveal the biological function of ELF3-AS1 in GC. RNA pulldown and CHIRP assays were conducted to identify the protein that interacts with ELF3-AS1. RESULTS: A total of 123 lncRNAs were identified to be regulated by SNAI2 in GC by RNA sequencing. The ELF3 gene and antisense lncRNA ELF3-AS1 were both transcriptionally repressed by SNAI2 or SNAI1. Down-regulation of ELF3-AS1 and ELF3 predicted poor prognosis in GC. Nuclear localized lncRNA ELF3-AS1 negatively regulated GC cell cycle progression via suppressing G1/S transition and histone synthesis. ELF3-AS1 mainly inhibited GC metastasis by repressing SNAI2 signaling. Additionally, ELF3-AS1 modulated ELF3 mRNA stability by RNA-RNA interaction. The RNA duplexes formed by ELF3 mRNA and lncRNA ELF3-AS1 directly interacted with the double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) binding protein complex ILF2/ILF3 (NF45/NF90). In turn, the ILF2/ILF3 complex dynamically regulated the expression of ELF3-AS1 and ELF3 by affecting the dsRNA stability. CONCLUSIONS: The SNAI2-ELF3-AS1 feedback loop regulates ELF3 expression at transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels and drives gastric cancer metastasis by maintaining SNAI2 overexpression. The ILF2/ILF3 complex plays a critical role in regulating dsRNA stability. In addition, our work provides a direct evidence that head-to-head antisense lncRNAs can share promoters with neighboring coding genes, which make their expression subject to similar transcriptional regulation, leading to high co-expression.


Assuntos
RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Retroalimentação , Estabilidade de RNA , Regulação para Baixo , RNA de Cadeia Dupla , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ets , Proteínas do Fator Nuclear 90/genética , Proteína do Fator Nuclear 45
10.
Sci Adv ; 8(48): eabn9494, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36449610

RESUMO

Women suffer from depression at twice the rate of men, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we identify marked baseline sex differences in the expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), a class of regulatory transcripts, in human postmortem brain tissue that are profoundly lost in depression. One such human lncRNA, RP11-298D21.1 (which we termed FEDORA), is enriched in oligodendrocytes and neurons and up-regulated in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of depressed females only. We found that virally expressing FEDORA selectively either in neurons or in oligodendrocytes of PFC promoted depression-like behavioral abnormalities in female mice only, changes associated with cell type-specific regulation of synaptic properties, myelin thickness, and gene expression. We also found that blood FEDORA levels have diagnostic implications for depressed women and are associated with clinical response to ketamine. These findings demonstrate the important role played by lncRNAs, and FEDORA in particular, in shaping the sex-specific landscape of the brain and contributing to sex differences in depression.

11.
Ergonomics ; : 1-17, 2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36437772

RESUMO

Knowledge of the parameters of the human spine is essential in designing ergonomic furniture. The purpose of this study was to evaluate spinal alignment in adolescents of various ages. The lengths, curvatures, and concave-convex spacings of the spine were investigated in 268 participants aged 9-18 years. Ten ages were classified, and the rate of increase of parameters was calculated for each age and age group. The results showed that spinal parameters, except for cervical lordosis, increased with age. Adolescents were classified as 9-10, 11-12, 13-15, and 16-18 years old. A rapid increment of lengths and concave-convex spacings occurred at ages 13-15, while that of curvatures occurred at ages 16-18. Spinal parameters differed significantly among the age groups (p < 0.05). Concave-convex spacings reflected differences in the spine more clearly than the other parameters. This study suggests the necessity of designing spine-related furniture based on spinal parameters, thus providing adaptive support for the adolescent spine, particularly the lumbar spine. Practitioner summary: This study examined spinal lengths, curvatures, and concave-convex spacings in adolescents aged 9-8 years and then divided them into four age groups. Concave-convex spacings effectively reflected spinal differences between age groups, particularly the lumbar spine. These results can inform the ergonomic design of spine-related furniture.HIGHLIGHTSSpinal parameters increased progressively between 9 and 18 years. Regression analysis showed good linear correlations between TK, LL, SK, TS, and LS with age.Age classification of adolescents was Group I (9-10 years), Group II (11-12 years), Group III (13-15 years), and Group IV (16-18 years). The rapid increment of lengths and concave-convex spacings were in Group III while that of curvatures were in Group IV.Concave-convex spacings were vital parameters to evaluate the global balance of the spine.The lumbar spine is an essential segment for characterizing spinal alignment.

12.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 44(5): 815-821, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36325779

RESUMO

Objective To analyze the personality traits and nutrition package feeding behaviors of infant caregivers in remote rural areas of Sichuan province and explore the relationship between them. Methods A multi-stage random cluster sampling method was employed to select the infants of 6-24 months old and their caregivers in the remote rural areas of Sichuan province.A structured questionnaire was designed to collect the basic characteristics of infants and their caregivers,as well as the feeding behaviors of the caregivers.The Ten-Item Personality Inventory in China was used to evaluate the caregivers' personality traits in five dimensions:extraversion,agreeableness,conscientiousness,emotional stability,and openness.Multivariate Logistic regression was adopted to analyze the relationship between personality traits and nutrition package feeding behaviors of infant caregivers. Results A total of 895 pairs of infants and their caregivers were investigated.The caregivers showed the average scores of 9.01±2.64,10.60±1.99,9.41±2.06,9.01±2.38,and 8.57±2.29 in the dimensions of extraversion,agreeableness,conscientiousness,emotional stability,and openness,respectively.The effective feeding rate of nutrition package was 53.3% (477/895).The results of regression analysis showed that under the premise of controlling for other factors,the caregiver's conscientious personality (OR=1.08,95%CI=1.004-1.153,P=0.038) was the protective factor for the effective feeding of nutrition package. Conclusion The feeding behavior of infant caregivers in the remote rural areas of Sichuan province remains to be improved,and the caregivers with high conscientious personality are more likely to feed their infants effectively.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Lactente , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , População Rural , Comportamento Alimentar , China , Personalidade
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36428186

RESUMO

Over-nourishment or an unbalanced diet has been linked to an increase in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. An imbalance in glucolipid metabolism is a major cause of metabolic syndrome, which has consequences for human health. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the innate immune pattern recognition receptor family, is involved in inflammation-related disorders, autoimmune diseases, and tumors. Recent research has shown that TLR4 plays a key role in glucolipid metabolism, which is linked to insulin resistance, intestinal flora, and the development of chronic inflammation. TLR4 activation regulates glucolipid metabolism and contributes to the dynamic relationship between innate immunity and nutrition-related disorders. Further, TLR4 regulates glucolipid metabolism by controlling glycolysis and pyruvate oxidative decarboxylation, interfering with insulin signaling, regulating adipogenic gene expression levels, influencing preadipocyte differentiation and lipid accumulation, and altering the intestinal microbiota and permeability. TLR4 functions may provide new therapeutic applications for the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome. The purpose of this review is to enrich mechanistic research of diabetes, atherosclerosis, and other nutrition-related disorders by summarizing the role of TLR4 in the regulation of glucolipid metabolism as well as its physiological mechanisms.

14.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-53, 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36408648

RESUMO

Chronic inflammation and T cell dysregulation persist in individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), even after successful antiretroviral treatment. The mechanism involved is not fully understood. Here, we used Olink proteomics to comprehensively analyze the aberrant inflammation-related proteins (IRPs) in chronic HIV-1-infected individuals, including in 24 treatment-naïve individuals, 33 immunological responders, and 38 immunological non-responders. T cell dysfunction was evaluated as T cell exhaustion, activation, and differentiation using flow cytometry. We identified a cluster of IRPs (cluster 7), including CXCL11, CXCL9, TNF, CXCL10, and IL18, which was closely associated with T cell dysregulation during chronic HIV-1 infection. Interestingly, IRPs in cluster 5, including ST1A1, CASP8, SIRT2, AXIN1, STAMBP, CD40, and IL7, were negatively correlated with the HIV-1 reservoir size. We also identified a combination of CDCP1, CXCL11, CST5, SLAMF1, TRANCE, and CD5, which may be useful for distinguishing immunological responders and immunological non-responders. In conclusion, the distinct inflammatory milieu is closely associated with immune restoration of T cells, and our results provide insight into immune dysregulation during chronic HIV-1 infection.

15.
Front Pediatr ; 10: 922226, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36340712

RESUMO

Background: Apnea is one of the most life-threatening complications of bronchiolitis in children. This study aimed to determine early predictors of apnea in children hospitalized with bronchiolitis and develop a simple nomogram to identify patients at risk of apnea. Methods: This retrospective, observational study included children hospitalized with bronchiolitis in two hospitals in China. Demographic and clinical characteristics, laboratory results, pathogens, and pulmonary iconography results were recorded. A training cohort of 759 patients (one hospital) was used to identify early predictors of apnea during hospitalization. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression analysis method was used to optimize variable selection. The nomogram was developed visually based on the variables selected by multivariable logistic regression analysis. Discrimination (concordance index, C-index), calibration, and decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to assess the model performance and clinical effectiveness. Results: A total of 1,372 children hospitalized with bronchiolitis were retrospectively evaluated, 133 (9.69%) of whom had apnea. Apnea was observed in 80 of the 759 patients with bronchiolitis in the training cohort and 53 of the 613 patients in the external validation cohort. Underlying diseases, feeding difficulties, tachypnea, retractions and pulmonary atelectasis in the training cohort were independent risk factors for apnea and were assembled into the nomogram. The nomogram exhibited good discrimination with a C-index of 0.883 (95% CI: 0.839-0.927) and good calibration. The DCA showed that the nomogram was clinically useful in estimating the net benefit to patients. Conclusion: We developed a nomogram that is convenient to use and able to identify the individualized prediction of apnea risk in patients with bronchiolitis. These patients might benefit from early triage and more intensive monitoring.

16.
J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus ; : 1-7, 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36441123

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the correlation between demodicosis and pediatric chalazia. METHODS: A case-control prospective study was conducted at Children's Hospital of Fudan University between December 2018 and January 2019. One hundred one consecutive pediatric patients with chalazia and 42 pediatric patients without chalazia underwent eyelash sampling and Demodex examination using light microscopy, and mite presence and count were documented. RESULTS: The Demodex count and prevalence of the chalazia group was much higher than that of the control group (3.06 ± 3.48 vs 0.64 ± 1.17; P ≤ .001; 73.3% vs 35.7%, P ≤ .001). The Demodex count and prevalence of the multiple chalazia subgroup was much higher than that of the single chalazion subgroup (3.49 ± 3.72 vs 2.00 ± 2.52; P = .043; 79.2% vs 58.6%, P = .035). The Demodex count and prevalence of the chalazia with skin erosion subgroup was much higher than that of the without skin erosion subgroup (3.54 ± 3.14 vs 2.55 ± 3.76; P = .012; 82.7% vs 63.3%, P = .027). After adjustment for age and gender, Demodex count (odds ratio: 1.873; 95% confidence interval: 1.155 to 3.040; P = .011) but not presence (P = .643) was significantly correlated with chalazia. CONCLUSIONS: Demodex mites were more prevalent and quantitative in children with chalazia, and children with severe chalazia had higher Demodex prevalence and quantity. High Demodex count rather than presence of it was associated with chalazia. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 20XX;X(X):XX-XX.].

17.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 12(11)2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36359551

RESUMO

The primary ovarian carcinoid tumor is a very rare ovarian tumor, which accounts for approximately 0.5% to 1.7% of all carcinoids and 1% of ovarian cancer. According to its histopathological features, it can be divided into four categories: insular, trabecular, strumal, and mucinous, among which insular carcinoid is common in Western countries. By comparison, the chain-typed and trabecular carcinoid seem to be common in Asian countries. To date, about 150 cases have been reported in the world, and 40% of them are strumal carcinoid tumor of the ovary (SCTO), which is a highly specialized teratoma differentiated from the monomer, and often characterized by the coexistence of thyroid follicular tissue and carcinoid tissue with the neuroendocrine function. Preoperative diagnosis may be difficult due to the very insidious nature of the disease and its multiple imaging manifestations. We reported the case of a 39-year-old woman with a 5-year clinical history. Gynecologic examination and ultrasonic testing revealed an enlarged ovary with a diameter of about 60 mm, accompanied by a hypoechoic area, which was suspected to be a benign teratoma. Ca-125, AFP, free T4, TSH, and other diagnostic indicators were normal. During the laparoscopic oophorocystectomy of the left ovary, a smooth and solid tumor with the size of 6 × 6 × 5 cm was found in the right ovary. During the operation, a mature cystic teratoma containing a struma was frozen, then the oophorocystectomy of the left ovary was performed. According to the Federation International of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) in 2014, histopathological examination showed a mature teratoma with thyroid carcinoid stage Ic, and Douglas's cystic hygroma cytopathology was negative. One year after the operation, the patient was tumor-free, with Ca-125, FT4, and TSH being within the normal range. Specific diagnostic tools and serological monitoring of malignant tumors of the ovary have low specificity and sensitivity in the diagnosis of this rare malignant tumor of the ovary. Female patients with habitual constipation, chronic abdominal colic, diarrhea, and endocrine dysfunction also need to be alert to this rare malignant tumor of the ovary.

18.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(31): 11597-11606, 2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) is a common autosomal dominant genetic disorder. It is characterized by café-au-lait spots and cutaneous neurofibromas. Although NF-1 typically involves the skin, nerves, bones, and eyes, vascular manifestation in the form of devastating hemorrhage can occur rarely. CASE SUMMARY: We present the case of a 47-year-old female with NF-1 who had a ruptured right lower limb arterial malformation. She presented with sudden right lower limb swelling for two hours and symptoms of hemorrhagic shock on admission. The physical examination revealed a right lower limb presenting as elephantiasis and visible dark-brown pigmentation over a large area. Computed tomography angiography showed right lower limb arteriovenous malformation. Therefore, the patient underwent emergency right lower limb digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and vascular embolization after blood transfusions. However, after DSA, vascular embolization, and repeated blood transfusions, the anemia and right lower limb swelling and tenderness did not improve. As a result, the patient underwent right lower extremity above-knee amputation. After amputation, the patient's hemoglobin level improved significantly without blood transfusion, and she was discharged from the hospital after the incision healed. Postoperative pathological examination suggested neurogenic tumors. No other complications had occurred 1-year follow-up. CONCLUSION: Vascular malformation and rupture are fatal complications of NF-1. Embolization may not provide complete relief, the patient might need to undergo neurofibroma resection or amputation.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36417748

RESUMO

We introduce CAMRL, the first curriculum-based asymmetric multi-task learning (AMTL) algorithm for dealing with multiple reinforcement learning (RL) tasks altogether. To mitigate the negative influence of customizing the one-off training order in curriculum-based AMTL, CAMRL switches its training mode between parallel single-task RL and asymmetric multi-task RL (MTRL), according to an indicator regarding the training time, the overall performance, and the performance gap among tasks. To leverage the multi-sourced prior knowledge flexibly and to reduce negative transfer in AMTL, we customize a composite loss with multiple differentiable ranking functions and optimize the loss through alternating optimization and the Frank-Wolfe algorithm. The uncertainty-based automatic adjustment of hyper-parameters is also applied to eliminate the need of laborious hyper-parameter analysis during optimization. By optimizing the composite loss, CAMRL predicts the next training task and continuously revisits the transfer matrix and network weights. We have conducted experiments on a wide range of benchmarks in multi-task RL, covering Gym-minigrid, Meta-world, Atari video games, vision-based PyBullet tasks, and RLBench, to show the improvements of CAMRL over the corresponding single-task RL algorithm and state-of-the-art MTRL algorithms. The code is available at: https://github.com/huanghanchi/CAMRL.

20.
J Adv Res ; 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396044

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The R-loop is a naturally formed three-strand nucleic acid structure that recently has been reported to participate in multiple biological processes and helped answer some previously unexplained scientific questions. Meiosis process involves multiple chromatin-related events such as DNA double-stranded breaks (DSB) formation, repairing and transcriptional dynamics. OBJECTIVES: Explore the regulatory roles and physiological functions of R-loops in the mammalian meiosis process. METHODS: In our study, using genome-wide S9.6 CUT & Tag seq, we first mapped the genomic distribution and dynamic changes of R-loop during the meiotic process in mice, from spermatogonia to secondary spermatocytes. And we further explore the role of R-loop in physiological conditions by constructing conditional knockout mice of Rnaseh1, which deleted the R-loop endonuclease before meiosis entry. RESULTS: R-loop predominantly distributes at promoter-related regions and varies across different meiotic stages. By joint analysis with the corresponding transcriptome, we found that the R-loop was closely related to transcription during the meiotic process. The high frequency of promoter-related R-loop in meiotic cells is usually accompanied by high transcription activity, and we further verified this in the leptotene/zygotene to the pachytene transition process. Moreover, the lack of RNase H1 caused sterility in male mice with R-loop accumulation and abnormal DSB repair in spermatocytes. Further analysis showed that abnormal R-loop accumulation in the leptotene/zygotene stages influenced transcriptional regulation in the pachytene stage. CONCLUSION: The mutual regulation of the R-loop and transcription plays an essential role in spermatogenesis. And R-loop is also important for the normal repair process of DSB during meiosis.

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