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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17460, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to perform a network meta-analysis to evaluate the therapeutic effect and safety of various modalities in treating advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Typically, the modalities of interest were comprised of sorafenib, transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), sorafenib combined with TACE, TACE combined with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and sorafenib combined with hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC). METHODS: Potentially eligible studies were systemically retrieved from the electronic databases (including PubMed and Cochrane Library) up to September 2018. The overall survival (OS) associated with the 5 modalities of interest enrolled in this study was compared by means of network meta-analysis. Meanwhile, major adverse events (AEs) were also evaluated. RESULTS: The current network meta-analysis enrolled 7 published randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and the pooled results indicated that the TACE-TCM regimen displayed the highest efficacy in treating advanced HCC, followed by HAIC-sorafenib. By contrast, the TACE alone and sorafenib alone regimens had the least efficacy. Relative to other regimens of interest, the TACE-TCM regimen was associated with less incidence of treatment-associated AEs. CONCLUSION: The TACE-TCM regimen was associated with higher treatment responses in advanced HCC patients than those of the other regimens of interest.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Humanos , Meta-Análise em Rede , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(35): 5266-5282, 2019 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been recognized as a leading cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Numerous reports suggest that immune infiltration can predict the prognosis of HCC. Nonetheless, no creditable markers for prognosis of HBV-related HCC have been established by systematically assessing the immune-related markers based on tumor transcriptomes. AIM: To establish an immune-related marker based on the cell compositions of immune infiltrate obtained based on tumor transcriptomes, so as to enhance the prediction accuracy of HBV-related HCC prognosis. METHODS: RNA expression patterns as well as the relevant clinical data of HCC patients were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas. Twenty-two immunocyte fraction types were estimated by cell type identification by estimating relative subsets of RNA transcripts. Subsequently, the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression model was employed to construct an immunoscore based on the immunocyte fraction types. Afterwards, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, Kaplan-Meier, and multivariate Cox analyses were performed. Additionally, a nomogram for prognosis that integrated the immunoscore as well as the clinical features was established. Meanwhile, the correlation of immunoscore with immune genes was also detected, and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) of the immunoscore was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 22 immunocyte fraction types were predicted and compared among the tumor as well as non-tumor samples. An immunoscore was constructed through adopting the LASSO model, which contained eight immunocyte fraction types. Meanwhile, the areas under the ROC curves for the immunoscore biomarker prognostic model were 0.971, 0.912, and 0.975 for 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS), respectively. Difference in OS between the high-immunoscore group and the low-immunoscore group was statistically significant [hazard ratio (HR) = 66.007, 95% confidence interval (CI): 8.361-521.105; P < 0.0001]. Moreover, multivariable analysis showed that the immunoscore was an independent factor for predicting the prognosis (HR = 2.997, 95%CI: 1.737-5.170). A nomogram was established, and the C-index was 0.757 (95%CI: 0.648-0.866). The immunoscore showed a significant negative correlation with the expression of PD-1 (P = 0.024), PD-L1 (P = 0.026), PD-L2 (P = 0.029), and CD27 (P = 0.033). Eight pathways were confirmed by GSEA. CONCLUSION: The established immunoscore can potentially serve as a candidate marker to estimate the OS for HBV-related HCC cases.

3.
Dis Markers ; 2019: 7129214, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281549

RESUMO

Transcription factor activating enhancer binding protein 4 (TFAP4) is established as a regulator of human cancer genesis and progression. Overexpression of TFAP4 indicates poor prognosis in various malignancies. The current study was performed to quantify TFAP4 expression as well as to further determine its potential prognostic value and functional role in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We identified that the expression of TFAP4 mRNA in 369 tumor tissues was higher than that in 160 normal liver tissues. Upregulated TFAP4 expressions were discovered in HCC cell lines compared to the healthy liver cell line, and similarly, the levels of TFAP4 were higher in tumor tissues than its expression in paratumor tissues. High mRNA and protein expression of TFAP4 was associated with worse overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Additionally, TFAP4 expression emerged as a risk factor independently affecting both OS and DFS of HCC patients. Functional studies demonstrated that TFAP4 increased HCC cell migration and invasion. Further investigations found that TFAP4 promotes invasion and metastasis by inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and regulating MMP-9 expression via activating the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in HCC. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that TFAP4 is a valuable prognostic biomarker in determining the likelihood of tumor metastasis and recurrence, as well as the long-term survival rates of HCC patients. Exploring the regulatory mechanism of TFAP4 will also contribute to the development of new prevention and treatment strategies for HCC.

4.
Mol Med Rep ; 18(6): 4940-4950, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30272310

RESUMO

To identify the key genes and pathways in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from hepatitis B virus (HBV)­positive liver cirrhosis, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between HCC and liver cirrhosis tissue samples from the GSE17548 gene expression profile dataset were screened. A total of 1,845 DEGs were identified, including 1,803 upregulated and 42 downregulated genes. Gene Ontology, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and protein­protein interaction (PPI) network analyses were performed. It was identified that the 'cell cycle' and 'progesterone­mediated oocyte maturation' KEGG pathways were significantly enriched in the DEGs. In addition, the high expression of the hub genes from the PPI network (including cyclin dependent kinase 1, cyclin B1, cyclin B2, mitotic arrest deficient 2 like 1, BUB1 mitotic checkpoint serine/threonine kinase and cyclin A2; P=0.00116, 0.00021, 0.04889, 0.00222, 0.00015 and 0.00647, respectively) was associated with a decrease in overall survival for patients with HCC as identified using survival and expression data from The Cancer Genome Atlas. The identified hub genes and pathways may help to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of HCC progression from HBV­positive liver cirrhosis. Additionally, they may be useful as therapeutic targets or serve as novel biomarkers for HCC prognosis prediction.

5.
J Cancer ; 9(5): 797-806, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29581758

RESUMO

Background: To establish a prognostic score based on clinical routine factors to stratify nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients with bone metastasis into risk groups with different survival rates. Materials and Methods: Total 276 patients from multicenter were retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression were used to confirm independent risk factors, which were checked for internal validity by bootstrapping method. The prognostic score, deriving from the corresponding regression coefficients in Cox model, classified patients into low and high risk groups. Finally, two independent cohorts were used for external validation. Results: In development cohort, six risk factors were identified: age>46 year-old (point=1), N>0 stage (point=2), anemia (point=2), bone metastasis free interval≤12 months (point=1), without radiotherapy to primary sites (point=1), and without radiotherapy to first metastasis sites (point=1). The derived prognostic score divided patients into low (score, 0-4) and high (score, 5-8) risk groups, with highly significant differences of 5-year overall survival rates (high vs. low risk: 24.6% vs. 58.2%, HR 3.47, P<0.001). Two external validations presented congruent results. Conclusion: A feasible and applicative prognostic score was successfully established and validated to discriminate bone metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma into low/high risk groups, which will be useful for individual treatment.

6.
J Cancer ; 8(5): 832-838, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28382146

RESUMO

Background: Weight loss during radiotherapy has been known as a negative prognostic factor for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients, but the factors related to weight loss during radiotherapy were not fully understood. Methods: A total of 322 newly diagnosed NPC patients receiving intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between June 2002 and August 2006 were enrolled. Kaplan-Meier methods and log-rank test were applied for survival analysis; a multiple regression was used to identify the factors related to weight loss during radiotherapy. Results: The mean and median values of weight loss (%) during radiotherapy were 6.85% and 6.70%. NPC patients with critical weight loss (> 5.4%) have poorer overall survival (OS) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) than the patients without critical weight loss (p = 0.002 and 0.021, respectively). Pre-radiotherapy weight, acute mucosal toxicity, acute pharynx and esophagus toxicity, and acute upper gastrointestinal toxicity were related to the weight loss during radiotherapy independently (p = 0.01, p < 0.001, p < 0.001, and p = 0.009, respectively). Conclusions: Acute radiation toxicities had significant and independent impact on weight loss during radiotherapy. The vicious circle of acute radiation toxicities and weight loss had bad effect on prognosis of NPC patients.

7.
Chin J Cancer ; 35(1): 75, 2016 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27507261

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the prognostic impact of body mass index (BMI) in patients with non-metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) had been extensively studied, its effect among metastatic NPC patients remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic effect of BMI in patients with metastatic NPC. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 819 patients who were diagnosed with distant metastasis from NPC and received treatment between 1998 and 2007. The patients were divided into three subgroups according to the World Health Organization classifications for Asian populations: underweight (BMI <18.5 kg/m(2)), normal weight (BMI 18.5-22.9 kg/m(2)), and overweight/obese (BMI ≥23.0 kg/m(2)). The associations of BMI with overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were determined by Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Of the 819 patients, 168 (20.5%) were underweight, 431 (52.6%) were normal weight, and 220 (26.9%) were overweight/obese. Multivariate analysis adjusted for covariates showed that overweight/obese patients had a longer OS than underweight patients [hazard ratio (HR), 0.64; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.49-0.84] and normal weight patients (HR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.57-0.90); no significant difference in PFS was observed among these three groups (P = 0.407). Moreover, in stratified analysis, no statistically significant differences in the effect of overweight/obese status among different subgroups were observed. CONCLUSION: For patients with metastatic NPC, overweight/obese status was associated with longer OS but not longer PFS compared with underweight or normal weight status.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Obesidade/complicações , Sobrepeso/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/etiologia , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
8.
Oncotarget ; 7(21): 31311-21, 2016 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27121318

RESUMO

To retrospectively compare the outcome of chemolipiodolization with or without embolization in transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) within the Milan criteria. From August 2002 to December 2014, 112 patients (median age, 56.7 years; age range, 22-80 years; 97 men, 15 women) underwent TACE with gelatin sponge particle embolization, and 125 patients (median age, 56.6 years; age range, 23-82 years; 109 men, 16 women) underwent TACE without embolization. RFA was performed within 2 weeks after the TACE. Cumulative overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were compared before and after propensity score matching. Before matching, the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rate were 96%, 80%, and 62% for embolization group and 94%, 76%, and 59% for non-embolization group . The 1-, 3-, and 5-year DFS rate were 77%, 38%, and 30% for embolization group and 75%, 35%, and 26% for non-embolization group. After matching, the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rate were 97%, 82%, and 62% for embolization group and 92%, 74%, and 56% for non-embolization group. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year DFS rate were 79%, 36%, and 30% for embolization group and 74%, 33%, and 26% for non-embolization group. There were no significant difference in OS and DFS rates between the two groups before matching (P =0.999 and P =0.654) and after matching (P =0.951 and P =0.670). In conclusion, embolization in TACE combined with RFA could not improve the survival for patients with HCC within the Milan criteria.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Combinada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
Oncotarget ; 7(20): 29708-19, 2016 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27102440

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Nomogram for predicting more than a 5-year survival for non-metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) was lacking. This study aimed to develop the new nomograms to predict long-term survival in these patients. RESULTS: The median follow-up time for training set and test set was 95.2 months and 133.3 months, respectively. The significant predictors for death were age, gender, body mass index (BMI), T stage, N stage, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and radiotherapy techniques. For predicting recurrence, age, gender, T stage, LDH, and radiotherapy techniques were significant predictors, whereas age, gender, BMI, T stage, N stage and LDH were significant predictors for distant metastasis. The calibration curves showed the good agreements between nomogram-predicted and actual survival. The c-indices for predicting death, recurrence, and distant metastases between nomograms and the TNM staging system were 0.767 VS.0.686 (P<0.001), 0.655 VS.0.585 (P<0.001), and 0.881 VS.0.754 (P<0.001), respectively. These results were further confirmed in the test set. METHODS: On the basis of a retrospective study of 1593 patients (training set) who received radiotherapy alone or concurrent chemoradiotherapy from 2000 to 2004, significant predictors were identified and incorporated to build the nomograms. The calibration curves of nomogram-predicted survival versus the actual survival were plotted and reviewed. Bootstrap validation was performed to calculate the concordance index (c-index). These models were further validated in an independent prospective trial (test set, n=400). CONCLUSION: The established nomograms suggest more-accurate long-term prediction for patients with non-metastatic NPC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Nomogramas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma/patologia , Doenças Endêmicas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
10.
BMC Cancer ; 16: 169, 2016 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26926144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impacts of weight loss on prognosis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remain unclear. The present study was therefore undertaken to investigate the association between critical weight loss and long-term survival in NPC patients. METHODS: The eligible 2399 NPC patients were reviewed. Weight change was categorized into critical weight loss (CWL) and non-critical weight loss (Non-CWL). The associations of CWL with long-term survival were analyzed by Cox regression in the entire patient and two subsets. Propensity score matching was performed to reduce the effects of confounding factors. RESULTS: CWL was defined as body weight loss of ≥4.6 %. Compared with patients without CWL, patients with CWL had significantly lower 5-year OS (72.4 vs. 79.3 %, P < 0.001), FFS (71.1 vs. 78.4 %, P <0.001), and LR-FFS (78.1 vs. 84.8 %, P <0.001), respectively. After adjustment for potential confounders, CWL remained an independence prognostic factor for OS (HR = 1.352; 95 % CI 1.160-1.576; P < 0.001), FFS (HR = 3.275; 95 % CI 1.101-9.740; P = 0.033), and LR-FFS (HR = 6.620; 95 % CI 2.990-14.658; P < 0.001), respectively. Furthermore, subgroup analysis in the cohort of patients received concurrent chemoradiotherapy or radiotherapy alone confirmed the results in the entire patient even after the propensity-score matching. In IMRT cohort, CWL was also significantly associated with a lower OS (P = 0.04) and FFS (P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: CWL has a significant and independent impact on long-term survival in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/epidemiologia , Perda de Peso , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/terapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
11.
Cancer Med ; 5(5): 816-26, 2016 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26817420

RESUMO

There is very little published information regarding the prognostic value of hemoglobin (Hb) levels combined with smoking on the survival of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), and the interactions between them remain unclear. A total of 2440 NPC patients were confirmed, and multivariate analysis was performed to identify valuable prognostic Hb levels in the entire population and in the cohort of smokers. The survival differences were compared using log-rank tests. The multiplicative and additive interactions were assessed using Cox regression and a Microsoft Word Excel spreadsheet. Postradiotherapy (RT) Hb was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival (OS) (HR = 0.797; P = 0.006), failure-free survival (FFS) (HR=0.811; P = 0.010), and loco-regional failure-free survival (LR-FFS) (HR = 0.725; P = 0.000). In the cohort of smokers, pack-years was also an independent predictor of OS (HR = 0.673; P < 0.001) and FFS (HR = 0.681; P < 0.001), LR-FFS (HR = 0.663; P = 0.001). A significant positive additive effect was found for the interaction between low post-RT Hb and high SI on OS, with RERI = 5.616, AP = 0.665, and S = 4.078. Stratified analyses demonstrated that heavy smokers with low post-RT Hb had HRs of 2.295 (P < 0.001) for death, 2.222 (P < 0.001) for disease failure, and 2.267 (P < 0.001) loco-regional recurrence compared with light smokers with high post-RT Hb levels, and post-RT Hb level is an important predictor of survival in patients with NPC. The positive interaction between post-RT Hb level and pack-years contributes to the elevated risk of poor survival. Oncologists should devote particular attention to heavy smokers with low post-RT Hb levels in the future.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/sangue , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fumar/sangue , Análise de Sobrevida , Falha de Tratamento
12.
Sci Rep ; 6: 19290, 2016 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26776301

RESUMO

The relationship between alcohol drinking and the prognosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is unknown. To investigate the prognostic value of alcohol drinking on NPC, this retrospective study was conducted on 1923 male NPC patients. Patients were classified as current, former and non-drinkers according to their drinking status. Furthermore, they were categorized as heavy drinkers and mild/none drinkers based on the intensity and duration of alcohol drinking. Survival outcomes were compared using Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazards model. We found that current drinkers had significantly lower overall survival (OS) rate (5-year OS: 70.2% vs. 76.4%, P < 0.001) and locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRFS) rate (5-year LRFS: 69.3% vs. 77.5%, P < 0.001) compared with non-drinkers. Drinking ≥14 drinks/week, and drinking ≥20 years were both independent unfavorable prognostic factors for OS (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.38, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.05-1.81, P = 0.022; HR = 1.38, 95% CI 1.09-1.75, P = 0.007). Stratified analyses further revealed that the negative impacts of alcohol were manifested mainly among older patients and among smokers. In conclusion, alcohol drinking is a useful predictor of prognosis in male NPC patients; drinkers, especially heavy drinkers have poorer prognosis.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/terapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
13.
Chin J Cancer ; 34(10): 450-8, 2015 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26264052

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The current metastatic category (M) of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a "catch-all" classification, covering a heterogeneous group of tumors ranging from potentially curable to incurable. The aim of this study was to design an M categorization system that could be applied in planning the treatment of NPC with synchronous metastasis. METHODS: A total of 505 NPC patients diagnosed with synchronous metastasis at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 2000 and 2009 were involved. The associations of clinical variables, metastatic features, and a proposed M categorization system with overall survival (OS) were determined by using Cox regression model. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis showed that Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) N category (N1-3/N0), number of metastatic lesions (multiple/single), liver involvement (yes/no), radiotherapy to primary tumor (yes/no), and cycles of chemotherapy (>4/≤4) were independent prognostic factors for OS. We defined the following subcategories based on liver involvement and the number of metastatic lesions: M1a, single lesion confined to an isolated organ or location except the liver; M1b, single lesion in the liver and/or multiple lesions in any organs or locations except the liver; and M1c, multiple lesions in the liver. Of the 505 cases, 74 (14.7%) were classified as M1a, 296 (58.6%) as M1b, 134 (26.5%) as M1c, and 1 was not specified. The three M1 subcategories showed significant difference in OS [M1b vs. M1a, hazard ratio (HR) = 1.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.16-2.48, P = 0.007; M1c vs. M1a, HR = 2.64, 95% CI = 1.75-3.98, P < 0.001]. CONCLUSIONS: We developed an M categorization system based on the independent factors related to the prognosis of patients with metastatic NPC. This system may be helpful to further optimize individualized care for NPC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Carcinoma , Humanos , Análise Multivariada , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Prognóstico
14.
Chin J Cancer ; 34(3): 137-46, 2015 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25962816

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Thrombocytosis has been identified as an unfavorable prognostic factor in several types of cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of pretreatment platelet count in association with the TNM staging system and therapeutic regimens in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: A total of 2,626 patients with NPC were retrospectively analyzed. Platelet count >300 × 10(9)/L was defined as thrombocytosis. Matched-pair analysis was performed between patients receiving chemoradiotherapy and radiotherapy. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis showed that platelet count was an independent unfavorable prognostic factor for overall survival (OS) [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.810, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.531-2.140, P < 0.001] and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) (HR = 1.873, 95% CI = 1.475-2.379, P < 0.001) in the entire patient cohort. Further subgroup analysis revealed that increased platelet count was an independent unfavorable prognostic factor for OS and DMFS in patients with NPC stratified by early and advanced T category, N category, or TNM classification (all P ≤ 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves verified that the predictive value of TNM classification for OS was improved when combined with pretreatment platelet count (P = 0.030). Matched-pair analysis showed that chemoradiotherapy significantly improved OS only in advanced-stage NPC with thrombocytosis (HR = 0.416, 95% CI = 0.226-0.765, P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Pretreatment platelet count, when combined with TNM classification, is a useful indicator for metastasis and survival in patients with NPC. It may improve the predictive value of the TNM classification and help to identify patients likely to benefit from more aggressive therapeutic regimens.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Contagem de Plaquetas , Prognóstico , Carcinoma , Quimiorradioterapia , Humanos , Análise Multivariada , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombocitose
15.
Oncol Lett ; 9(3): 1458-1466, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25663931

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of different pretreatment platelet (PLT) counts on the treatment outcome in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) or radiotherapy (RT) alone. A total of 1,501 NPC patients, including 412 receiving CCRT and 1,089 receiving RT, were enrolled in the present study. The PLT count cut-off points for the CCRT and RT groups were 150 and 300×109/l, respectively, and the PLT counts were categorized it into three groups: Low (PLT≤150×109/l), moderate (150×109/l300×109/l). To identify independent predictors of overall survival (OS), the Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine local-regional recurrence-free survival (LRFS) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) rates in the CCRT and RT patients. Furthermore, univariate and multivariate analysis indicated that compared with a moderate PLT count, a low PLT count was an independent unfavorable prognostic factor for OS rate in CCRT patients [hazard ratio (HR), 2.024; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.165-3.516], and a high PLT count was an independent unfavorable prognostic factor for OS and DMFS rates in CCRT (OS: HR, 1.742; 95% CI, 1.090-2.786; DFMS: HR, 2.110; 95%CI, 1.084-4.108) and RT (OS: HR, 1.740; 95%CI, 1.283-2.362; DMFS: HR, 2.819; 95% CI, 1.766-4.497) patients. Compared with a low PLT count, a high PLT count was significantly and independently associated with a poor DMFS rate in the RT patients (P=0.025; HR, 2.454; 95% CI, 1.121-5.372). Therefore, the present study indicates that low and high PLT counts may be useful indicators of survival and distant metastasis in NPC patients who have undergone radiation treatment.

16.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 2(3): 385-392, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24772305

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to investigate alternative endpoints to the 5-year overall survival (OS) and locoregional control (LRC) for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). A total of 2,450 NPC patients were enrolled in this study, including 1,842 patients treated with two-dimensional (2D) radiotherapy (RT), 451 treated with 3D conformal RT (CRT) and 157 treated with intensity-modulated RT (IMRT). We sequentially calculated the 1-, 2-, 3- and 4-year survival rates using a life table and compared these with the 5-year survival rate using the McNemar method, with the survival rate of the last indifferent comparison being considered as the alternative endpoint. For 2D RT, stage I patients exhibited similar survival rates at 1 and 5 years (98.9 vs. 94.4%, respectively; P=0.125 for both OS and LRC); stage N3 patients exhibited similar 4-year OS (55.2 vs. 53.5%; P=1.000) and 2-year LRC (78.3 vs. 71.2%; P=0.125) to the 5-year OS and LRC. For IMRT, the 1-, 2-, 3-, 4- and 5-year OS and LRC rates in stage I/II NPC patients were 100, 98, 96, 94 and 94% for OS and 100, 98, 96, 96 and 96% for LRC, respectively. No significant differences were observed for all the comparisons. For stage III/IV NPC patients treated with IMRT, the 1-, 2-, 3-, 4- and 5-year rates were 99.1, 96.3, 92.5, 88.8 and 85.0% for OS and 98.1, 97.2, 95.3, 90.7 and 89.7% for LRC, respectively. Only the 4-year OS and LRC rates were indifferent from those at 5 years (P=0.125 for OS and P=1.00 for LRC). In conclusion, the 1-year OS and LRC for stage I NPC patients treated with 2D RT or stage I/II NPC patients treated with IMRT, the 4-year OS and 2-year LRC for stage N3 NPC patients treated with 2D RT and the 4-year OS and LRC for stage III/IV NPC patients treated with IMRT were determined as the alternative endpoints to the 5-year OS and LRC for NPC patients.

17.
Radiother Oncol ; 110(3): 409-15, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24021341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of smoking on prognosis of male nasopharyngeal carcinoma by comparing the treatment outcomes between smokers and non-smokers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2450 nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients were enrolled, including 1865 male patients. Matching was performed between smokers and non-smokers in male patients according to age, UICC clinical stage, T stage, N stage and treatment. Survival outcomes were compared using Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression. Smoking index was calculated by multiplying cigarette packs per day and smoked time (year). RESULTS: In male patients, smokers had significantly lower 5-year overall survival (70.1% vs. 77.5%, P<0.001) and locoregional recurrent free survival (76.8% vs.82.4%, P = 0.002) compared with non-smokers. Matched-pair analysis showed that smokers kept a high risk of death compared with non-smokers (HR = 2.316, P<0.001). High degree of smoking index (>15 pack-years) had a poor effect on overall survival (HR = 1.225, P = 0.016). When smoking index was more than 45 and 60 pack-years, the risk for death increased to 1.498 and 1.899 fold compared with non-smokers (P = 0.040, 0.001), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking was a poor prognostic factor for male nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The heavier the patients smoked, the poorer prognosis they suffered.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
PLoS One ; 8(7): e68660, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23869226

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although weight loss is common in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients receiving radiotherapy, the prognostic influence of weight loss and its impact modified by body mass index (BMI) are still unclear. METHODS: 2433 NPC patients receiving radical radiotherapy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from November, 2000 to December, 2004 were enrolled. Weight change during radiation treatment was categorized into high weight loss (HWL) and low weight loss (LWL). The associations of HWL with overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) were analyzed by Cox regression. RESULTS: Among underweight patients, HWL was independently associated with poor OS (hazard ratio [HR], 2.06; 95% CI 1.36-3.11) and DSS (HR, 2.27; 95% CI 1.38-3.73), as compared with LWL, after adjusting for covariates. In normal weight patients, the impact of HWL on OS (HR, 1.47; 95% CI 1.19-1.80) and DSS (HR, 1.59; 95% CI 1.24-2.03) was moderate. Among overweight/obese patients, no significant association between HWL and OS (HR, 1.22; 95% CI 0.95-1.55), or DSS (HR, 1.23; 95% CI 0.93-1.64) was found. CONCLUSION: Except for overweight/obese patients, high weight loss during radiation treatment was independently associated with poor survival in NPC. This impact was more prominent in the underweight patient group.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico , Perda de Peso , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Carcinoma/patologia , Carcinoma/radioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Prognóstico , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
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