Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 3 de 3
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Life Sci ; 239: 117021, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678552

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Clematichinenoside AR (AR) is a saponin extracted for traditional Chinese medicine with the effects of improving the expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins and mediating anti-inflammatory activities. However, its effect on Crohn's disease (CD) is still unknown. We aimed to investigate the impact of AR on CD-like colitis and determine the mechanism underlying its effects. METHODS: Interleukin-10 gene knockout (Il-10-/-) mice (male, fifteen weeks old) with spontaneous colitis were allocated to the positive control and AR-treated (32 mg/kg AR administered every other day by gavage for 4 weeks) groups. Wild-type (WT) mice (male, fifteen weeks old) composed the negative control group. The effects of AR on intestinal barrier function and structure and T cell responses as well as the potential mechanisms underlying these effects were investigated. RESULTS: AR treatment significantly improved spontaneous colitis in Il-10-/- mice as demonstrated by reductions in the inflammatory score, disease activity index (DAI) and levels of inflammatory factors. The effects of AR on colitis in Il-10-/- mice were related to protecting intestinal barrier function and maintaining immune system homeostasis (regulatory T cell (Treg)/T helper 17 (Th17) cell balance). The anticolitis effect of AR may partly act by downregulating PI3K/Akt signaling. CONCLUSIONS: AR may have therapeutic potential for treating CD in humans.

2.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(8): 5588-5599, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31251471

RESUMO

Bryostatin-1 (Bry-1) has been proven to be effective and safe in clinical trials of a variety of immune-related diseases. However, little is known about its effect on Crohn's disease (CD). We aimed to investigate the impact of Bry-1 on CD-like colitis and determine the mechanism underlying this effect. In the present study, 15-week-old male Il-10-/- mice with spontaneous colitis were divided into positive control and Bry-1-treated (Bry-1, 30 µg/kg every other day, injected intraperitoneally for 4 weeks) groups. Age-matched, male wild-type (WT) mice were used as a negative control. The effects of Bry-1 on colitis, intestinal barrier function and T cell responses as well as the potential regulatory mechanisms were evaluated. We found that the systemic delivery of Bry-1 significantly ameliorated colitis in Il-10-/- mice, as demonstrated by decreases in the disease activity index (DAI), inflammatory score and proinflammatory mediator levels. The protective effects of Bry-1 on CD-like colitis included the maintenance of intestinal barrier integrity and the helper T cell (Th)/regulatory T cell (Treg) balance. These effects of Bry-1 may act in part through nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signalling activation and STAT3/4 signalling inhibition. The protective effect of Bry-1 on CD-like colitis suggests Bry-1 has therapeutic potential in human CD, particularly given the established clinical safety of Bry-1.

3.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 34(8): 678-683, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30384864

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate the therapeutic effect and possible mechanism of IL-12 monoclonal antibody (IL-12 mAb) on IL-10 knockout(IL-10-/-) mice and its possible mechanism. Methods Sixteen male IL-10-/- mice of 15 weeks old were randomly divided into control group and IL-12 mAb treatment group. The IL-12 mAb treatment group were given intraperitoneal injection of IL-12 mAb (25 mg/kg, once per week), and the control group was given intraperitoneal injection of 0.2 mL of normal saline. After 4 weeks of intervention, the inflammatory bowel disease activity index (DAI) and HE staining were used to evaluate the intestinal inflammation symptoms and histological changes. The intestinal mucosal permeability test was used to evaluate the intestinal mucosal barrier function of the two groups. The expression of claudin-1 in intestinal mucosa was detected by Western blot analysis. The Th1/Th2 cell balance of intestinal mucosa was evaluated by flow cytometry. The ELISA was used to evaluate IL-13 and tumor necrosis factor alpha(TNF-α) of intestinal mucosal of the two groups. The expression of phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription (p-STAT6) in intestinal mucosa was detected by Western blot nanlysis. Results Three and 4 weeks after IL-12 mAb treatment, the DAI and intestinal inflammation scores of IL-12 mAb treatment group were significantly lower than the control group. At the same time, the intestinal mucosal permeability of IL-12 mAb treatment group was significantly lower than that of the control group, and the expression of claudin-1 in intestinal mucosa was significantly higher than that of the control group. At the same time, IL-12 mAb treatment inhibited the proportion of Th1 cells in the intestinal mucosa and up-regulated the proportion of Th2 cells. In the signal pathway analysis, IL-12 mAb treatment increased the levels of p-STAT6 and IL-13 in the intestinal mucosa and inhibited the level of TNF-α. Conclusion IL-12 mAb effectively alleviates intestinal inflammation in the Crohn's disease animal model and protect the intestinal mucosal barrier, which may be through inhibition of Th1 cell immune response in the intestinal mucosa and up-regulation of STAT6 signaling.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA