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1.
Sci Transl Med ; 14(626): eabf0992, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34985967

RESUMO

High CD8+ T cell infiltration in colorectal cancer (CRC) should suggest a favorable prognosis and a satisfactory response to immunotherapy; however, the vast majority of patients with CRC do not benefit from immunotherapy due to poor T cell infiltration. Therefore, a better understanding of the mechanisms for T cell exclusion from CRC tumors is needed. Tribbles homolog 3 (TRIB3) has been implicated as an oncoprotein, but its role in regulating antitumor immune responses has not been defined. Here, we demonstrated that TRIB3 inhibits CD8+ T cell infiltration in various CRC mouse models. We showed that TRIB3 was acetylated by acetyltransferase P300, which inhibited ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of TRIB3. Ectopically expressed TRIB3 inhibited signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) activation and STAT1-mediated CXCL10 transcription by enhancing the epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway, causing a reduction in tumor-infiltrating T cells. Genetic ablation of Trib3 or pharmacological acceleration of TRIB3 degradation with a P300 inhibitor increased T cell recruitment and sensitized CRCs to immune checkpoint blockade therapy. These findings identified TRIB3 as a negative modulator of CD8+ T cell infiltration in CRCs, highlighting a potential therapeutic target for treating immunologically "cold" CRCs.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Neoplasias Colorretais , Evasão da Resposta Imune , Proteínas Repressoras , Animais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Quimiocina CXCL10/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Camundongos , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
2.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(18): 2196-2204, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated different predominant sites of distant metastasis between patients with and without neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT). This study aimed to explore whether NCRT could influence the metastasis pattern of rectal cancer through a propensity score-matched analysis. METHODS: In total, 1296 patients with NCRT or post-operative chemoradiotherapy (PCRT) were enrolled in this study between January 2008 and December 2015. Propensity score matching was used to correct for differences in baseline characteristics between the two groups. After propensity score matching, the metastasis pattern, including metastasis sites and timing, was compared and analyzed. RESULTS: After propensity score matching, there were 408 patients in the PCRT group and 245 patients in the NCRT group. NCRT significantly reduced local recurrence (4.1% vs. 10.3%, P = 0.004), but not distant metastases (28.2% vs. 27.9%, P = 0.924) compared with PCRT. In both the NCRT and PCRT groups, the most common metastasis site was the lung, followed by the liver. The NCRT group developed local recurrence and distant metastases later than the PCRT group (median time: 29.2 [18.8, 52.0] months vs. 18.7 [13.3, 30.0] months, Z = -2.342, P = 0.019; and 21.2 [12.2, 33.8] vs. 16.4 [9.3, 27.9] months, Z = -1.765, P = 0.035, respectively). The distant metastases occurred mainly in the 2nd year after surgery in both the PCRT group (39/114, 34.2%) and NCRT group (21/69, 30.4%). However, 20.3% (14/69) of the distant metastases appeared in the 3rd year in the NCRT group, while this number was only 13.2% (15/114) in the PCRT group. CONCLUSIONS: The predominant site of distant metastases was the lung, followed by the liver, for both the NCRT group and PCRT group. NCRT did not influence the predominant site of distant metastases, but the NCRT group developed local recurrence and distant metastases later than the PCRT group. The follow-up strategy for patients with NCRT should be adjusted and a longer intensive follow-up is needed.


Assuntos
Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Retais , Quimiorradioterapia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Pontuação de Propensão , Neoplasias Retais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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