Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 87
Filtrar
1.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 379, 2021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since interferon regulatory factor (IRF) family functions in immune response to viral infection, its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been inspected before. This study tries to investigate members of IRF family using bioinformatics approaches in aspect of differential expressions, biological function, tumor immune infiltration and clinical prognostic value for patients with CRC. METHODS: Transcriptome profiles data, somatic mutations and clinical information of CRC were obtained from COAD/READ dataset of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) as a training set. Gene expression data (GSE17536 and GSE39582) were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus as a validating set. A random forest algorithm was used to score the risk for every case. Analyzing gene and function enrichment, constructing protein-protein interaction and noncoding RNA network, identifying hub-gene, characterizing tumor immune infiltration, evaluating differences in tumor mutational burden (TMB) and sensitivity to chemotherapeutics or immunotherapy were performed by a series of online tools and R packages. Immunohistochemical (IHC) examinations were carried out validation in tissue samples. RESULTS: Principal-component analysis (PCA) suggested that the transcript expression levels of nine members of IRF family differed between normal colorectum and CRC. The risk score constructed by IRF family not only acted as an independent factor for predicting survival in CRC patients with different biological processes, signaling pathways and TMB, but also indicated different immunotherapy response with diverse immune and stromal cells infiltration. IRF3 and IRF7 were upregulated in CRC and suggested a shorter survival time in patients with CRC. Differentially expressed members of IRF family exhibited varying degrees of immune cell infiltration. IHC analysis showed a positive association between IRF3 and IRF7 expression and tumor-infiltrating immune cells, including CD4+ T cell and CD68+ macrophages. CONCLUSIONS: On account of differential expression, IRF family members can help to predict both response to immunotherapy and clinical prognosis of patients with CRC. Our bioinformatic investigation not only gives a preliminary picture of the genetic features as well as tumor microenvironment, but it may provide a clue for further experimental exploration and verification on IRF family members in CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral
2.
FASEB J ; 35(10): e21871, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473374

RESUMO

Recent investigations of gut microbiota have contributed to understanding of the critical role of microbial community in pathophysiology. Dysbiosis not only causes disturbance directly to the gastrointestinal tract but also affects the liver through gut-liver axis. Various types of dysbiosis have been documented in alcoholic liver disease (ALD), nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), primary sclerosing cholangitis, and may be crucial for the initiation, progression, or deterioration to end-stage liver disease. A few microbial species have been identified as the causal factors leading to these chronic illnesses that either do not have clear etiologies or lack effective treatment. Notably, cytolysin-producing Enterococcus faecalis, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterococcus gallinarum were defined for ALD, NASH, and AIH, respectively. These groundbreaking discoveries drive a rapid development in innovative therapeutics, such as fecal microbial transplantation and implementation of specific bacteriophages in addition to prebiotics, probiotics, or synbiotics for intervention of dysbiosis. Although most emerging interventions are in preclinical development or early clinical trials, a better delineation of specific dysbiosis in these disorders at metabolic, immunogenic, or molecular levels in establishing particular causal effects aids in modulating or correcting the microbial community which is the part of daily life for human being.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Terminal/tratamento farmacológico , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Doença Hepática Terminal/microbiologia , Humanos
3.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 347, 2021 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) are immunosuppressive cells that contribute to impaired anti-cancer immunity. Iron plays a critical role in regulating macrophage function. However, it is still elusive whether it can drive the functional polarization of macrophages in the context of cancer and how tumor cells affect the iron-handing properties of TAM. In this study, using hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) as a study model, we aimed to explore the effect and mechanism of reduced ferrous iron in TAM. METHODS: TAM from HCC patients and mouse HCC tissues were collected to analyze the level of ferrous iron. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to assess M1 or M2 signature genes of macrophages treated with iron chelators. A co-culture system was established to explore the iron competition between macrophages and HCC cells. Flow cytometry analysis was performed to determine the holo-transferrin uptake of macrophages. HCC samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were enrolled to evaluate the prognostic value of transferrin receptor (TFRC) and its relevance to tumor-infiltrating M2 macrophages. RESULTS: We revealed that ferrous iron in M2-like TAM is lower than that in M1-like TAM. In vitro analysis showed that loss of iron-induced immunosuppressive M2 polarization of mouse macrophages. Further experiments showed that TFRC, the primary receptor for transferrin-mediated iron uptake, was overexpressed on HCC cells but not TAM. Mechanistically, HCC cells competed with macrophages for iron to upregulate the expression of M2-related genes via induction of HIF-1α, thus contributing to M2-like TAM polarization. We further clarified the oncogenic role of TFRC in HCC patients by TCGA. TFRC is significantly increased in varieties of malignancies, including HCC, and HCC patients with high TFRC levels have considerably shortened overall survival. Also, TFRC is shown to be positively related to tumor-infiltrating M2 macrophages. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, we identified iron starvation through TFRC-mediated iron competition drives functional immunosuppressive polarization of TAM, providing new insight into the interconnection between iron metabolism and tumor immunity.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Ferro , Camundongos , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor
4.
Hepatol Int ; 15(1): 155-165, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33385299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Rifaximin has been recommended as a prophylactic drug for hepatic encephalopathy (HE) and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). This study aims to explore whether low-dose rifaximin can prevent overall complications and prolong survival in cirrhotic patients. METHODS: In this multi-centre randomized open-labelled prospective study, 200 patients with decompensated cirrhosis were randomly assigned at a ratio of 1:1. Patients in rifaximin group were administered 400 mg rifaximin twice daily for 6 months, and all other therapeutic strategies were kept unchanged in both groups as long as possible. The primary efficacy endpoints were the incidence of overall complications and liver transplantation-free survival. The secondary endspoints were the incidence of each major cirrhosis-related complication, as well as the Child-Pugh score and class. RESULTS: The major baseline characteristics were similar in the two groups except for HE. The cumulative incidence and frequency of overall complications were significantly lower in rifaximin group than in the control group (p < 0.001). Though liver transplantation-free survival was not significantly different between the two groups, subgroup analysis showed rifaximin markedly prolonged liver transplantation-free survival in patients with Child-Pugh score ≥ 9 (p = 0.007). Moreover, rifaximin markedly reduced the episodes of ascites exacerbation (p < 0.001), HE (p < 0.001) and gastric variceal bleeding (EGVB, p = 0.031). The incidence of adverse events was similar in the two groups. CONCLUSION: Low-dose rifaximin significantly decreases the occurrence of overall complications, leading to prolonged survival in patients with advanced stages of cirrhosis in this trail. Further study should be carried out to compare the effect of this low-dose rifaximin with normal dose (1200 mg/day) rifaximin in preventing cirrhosis-related complications. CLINICAL TRIAL NUMBER: NCT02190357.

5.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 9(21): e2000650, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000919

RESUMO

Sorafenib (SOR), a multi-kinase inhibitor for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), reveals a limited therapeutic effect due to a lack of selectivity and evident drug resistance. In the present study, bismuth-based mesoporous nanomaterial (NBOF) is loaded with SOR and then coated with polyethylene glycol and folic acid conjugates (P-FA) to form an NBOF@SOR-P-FA nanocarrier system. The system achieves significantly enhanced anti-cancer efficacy by combining chemotherapy with radiotherapy. To evaluate the effect of synergistic treatment, cytotoxicity detection, Live/Dead staining, apoptotic assay, and Western blot analysis are performed. The results suggest that NBOF@SOR-P-FA significantly inhibits HCC cell proliferation and promotes cell apoptosis. Also, the NBOF@SOR-P-FA exhibits excellent biocompatibility by hemolysis and serum biochemical tests and produces a substantially enhanced contrast efficiency as compared to iohexol by computed tomography imaging. More importantly, the profound suppression of tumor growth and potentiation of apoptosis are observed in a mouse subcutaneous tumor model. Collectively, these results indicate that the bismuth-based nanotheranostic platform could enhance the therapeutic effect of sorafenib and serve as an innovative method for HCC treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose , Bismuto/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Quimiorradioterapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Niacinamida , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico
6.
Oncogene ; 39(35): 5768-5781, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32719439

RESUMO

Cumulative evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) promote gene expression in cancers. However, the pathophysiologic relevance of miRNA-mediated RNA activation in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains to be established. Our previous miRNA expression profiling in seven-paired HCC specimens revealed miR-93-5p as an HCC-related miRNA. In this study, miR-93-5p expression was assessed in HCC tissues and cell lines by quantitative real-time PCR and fluorescence in situ hybridization. The correlation of miR-93-5p expression with survival and clinicopathological features of HCC was determined by statistical analysis. The function and potential mechanism of miR-93-5p in HCC were further investigated by a series of gain- or loss-of-function experiments in vitro and in vivo. We identified that miR-93-5p, overexpressed in HCC specimens and cell lines, leads to poor outcomes in HCC cases and promotes proliferation, migration, and invasion in HCC cell lines. Mechanistically, rather than decreasing target mRNA levels as expected, miR-93-5p binds to the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 2 (MAP3K2) to directly upregulate its expression and downstream p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway, thereby leading to cell cycle progression in HCC. Notably, we also demonstrated that c-Jun, a downstream effector of the JNK pathway, enhances miR-93-5p transcription by targeting its promoter region. Besides, downregulation of miR-93-5p significantly retarded tumor growth, while overexpression of miR-93-5p accelerated tumor growth in the HCC xenograft mouse model. Altogether, we revealed a miR-93-5p/MAP3K2/c-Jun positive feedback loop to promote HCC progression in vivo and in vitro, representing an RNA-activating role of miR-93-5p in HCC development.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinase 2/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-jun/metabolismo , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Células Hep G2 , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinase 2/biossíntese , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinase 2/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica , Fosforilação , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-jun/genética , Transfecção , Regulação para Cima
8.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(5): 1546-1557, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, containing mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and mTORC2, is dysregulated in multiple cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Mammalian lethal with sec-13 protein 8 (mLST8) is a shared constituent of both mTORC1 and mTORC2, yet little is known regarding its role in HCC development. METHODS: mLST8 expression was detected in a total of 186 pairs of HCC and adjacent non-tumor specimens. The correlation between mLST8 level and clinicopathological features or prognostic significance were analyzed. The role of mLST8 on biological functions was also preliminarily studied. RESULTS: The study revealed that the mLST8 level was dramatically higher in HCC specimens than in adjacent non-tumor specimens. mLST8 overexpression positively correlated with tumor size, differentiation, and vessel invasion. Cases with elevated mLST8 level had more unfavorable overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) than those with downregulated mLST8 level. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that mLST8 upregulation was an independent predictive marker for OS and DFS. Calibration curves from nomogram models indicated an excellent coherence between nomogram prediction and actual situation. Decision curve analysis proved that mLST8-based nomograms presented much higher predictive accuracy when compared with conventional clinical staging systems. Mechanistically, mLST8 enhanced cell proliferation and invasion through the AKT (protein kinase B) pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that mLST8 exerts an oncogenic role in HCC and may become a promising prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for HCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Homólogo LST8 da Proteína Associada a mTOR/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Nomogramas , Prognóstico , Regulação para Cima , Adulto Jovem
9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(15): 17193-17206, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32207914

RESUMO

Sorafenib, a multitargeted kinase inhibitor, has been reported to elicit a limited therapeutic effect in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Currently, phototherapy, including photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT), is emerging as a powerful modality for cancer therapy. However, few studies have been reported the effectiveness of the combination of sorafenib with PDT and PTT in HCC. Herein, we designed and synthesized bovine serum albumin (BSA)-coated zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) and sorafenib (SFB) nanoparticle (ZnPc/SFB@BSA). The obtained ZnPc/SFB@BSA was able to trigger PDT, PTT, and chemotherapy. After irradiation by a 730 nm light, ZnPc/SFB@BSA significantly suppressed HCC cell proliferation and metastasis while promoted cell apoptosis in vitro. Furthermore, intravenous injection of ZnPc/SFB@BSA led to dramatically reduced tumor growth in an orthotopic xenograft HCC model. More importantly, ZnPc/SFB@BSA presented low toxicity and adequate blood compatibility. Therefore, a combination of ZnPc with sorafenib via BSA-assembled nanoparticle can markedly suppress HCC growth, representing a promising strategy for HCC patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Indóis/química , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Nanocápsulas/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Sorafenibe/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Indóis/metabolismo , Indóis/uso terapêutico , Luz , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Compostos Organometálicos/metabolismo , Compostos Organometálicos/uso terapêutico , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fototerapia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Sorafenibe/metabolismo , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
10.
Dig Dis Sci ; 65(1): 168-177, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350707

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The interferon regulatory factor 2 (IRF-2) acted as a tumor suppressor. We inspected IRF-2 as a predictor of prognosis in gastric cancer (GC) patients and tried to find out the potential molecular mechanism. METHODS: In this study, the association between IRF-2 expression and clinical or prognosis significance was investigated in 86 pairs of tumor and the adjacent normal gastric tissues from GC patients. After establishing the stable cell lines, the Transwell assays were deduced to evaluate the malignancy of tumor. Then, microarray assay was carried out and the GO/KEGG pathway analyses were conducted to identify IRF-2's target gene. The relationship between IRF-2 and matrix metalloproteinases 1 (MMP-1) was also investigated by the immunohistochemistry in 15 pairs of tumor and adjacent normal gastric tissues. RESULTS: We found that IRF-2 expression level in GC was significantly correlated with the prognosis of the patients. Transwell assays suggested an impaired ability of invasion and migration in IRF-2-overexpressed GC cells and a progressive malignant phenotype in IRF-2-knockdown GC cells. Ninety differentially expressed genes were found between IRF-2-overexpressed GC cells and its normal control sets by microarray. We demonstrated that MMP-1 was canonical in the network of differentially expressed genes by GO and KEGG pathway analysis and its expression level was markedly decreased in IRF-2-overexpressed cells of MKN-45 and increased in IRF-2-knockdown cells of SGC-7901. The expression of MMP-1 was inversely correlated with IRF-2 in GAC TMA specimens. CONCLUSION: IRF-2 may inhibit GC progression by down-regulating MMP-1 level.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Fator Regulador 2 de Interferon/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/enzimologia , Idoso , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Fator Regulador 2 de Interferon/genética , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
11.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(4): 2938-2949, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Calcium-binding tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated protein (CABYR) is a group of isoforms produced by alternative splicing and is overexpressed in human malignancies including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the prognostic value and biological functions of its major protein isoforms, named CABYR-a/b (combined CABYR-a and CABYR-b), in HCC remain to be established. METHODS: CABYR-a/b expression was detected in HCC tissues and cell lines by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. The correlation of CABYR-a/b expression with clinical characteristics and its prognosis impact were determined by statistical analysis. Finally, the biological functions and molecular mechanism of CABYR-a/b were also investigated using molecular biology approaches. RESULTS: The present research found that CABYR-a/b was markedly elevated in HCC specimens and cell lines. Upregulated CABYR-a/b level had positive association with tumor size and differentiation in patients. Moreover, cases with elevated CABYR-a/b level had poorer overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) than those with reduced CABYR-a/b level. Multivariate analysis and prognostic nomograms demonstrated that CABYR-a/b overexpression was an independent predictive indicator for OS and DFS. The calibration curve for the odds of OS and DFS demonstrated that the prediction by nomograms was in excellent accordance with actual situation. CABYR-a/b downregulation suppressed cell proliferation and induced G1-phase arrest via decreasing cyclin D1 and cyclin dependent kinase 4, while promoted apoptosis by reducing B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) and increasing Bcl-2-associated death promoter. CONCLUSION: Our research indicates that CABYR-a/b exerts an oncogenic effect on HCC development and may become a new prognostic indicator for patients with HCC.

12.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 8359-8370, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571992

RESUMO

Background: Growing evidence suggests that the ubiquitin-proteasome system is involved in the pathogenesis and recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); yet, little is known about the role of ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2T (UBE2T) in HCC. Materials and methods: UBE2T levels were detected in HCC tissues and hepatoma cell lines using quantitative reserve transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. Next, the changes of phenotypes after UBE2T knockdown or overexpression were evaluated using in vitro methods. Finally, the mechanism of UBE2T in HCC was tested using ex vivo and in vivo methods. Results: In the present study, we reported that UBE2T mRNA and protein levels were significantly upregulated in HCC tissues compared to adjacent non-tumor tissues. Additionally, suppression of UBE2T expression inhibited proliferation, colony formation, tumorigenesis, migration, and invasion of hepatoma cells, whereas UBE2T overexpression led to the opposite outcomes. Moreover, suppression of UBE2T expression resulted in an increase in G2/M phase and a decrease in the percentage of cells in G1 phase, which indicated a cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase. In contrast, the percentage of cells in G2/M phase decreased following UBE2T overexpression. Further study indicated that UBE2T regulated the G2/M transition by modulating cyclin B1 and cyclin-dependent kinase 1. Conclusion: Taken together, the findings of the present study uncover biological functions of UBE2T in hepatoma cells, and delineate preliminary molecular mechanisms of UBE2T in modulating HCC development and progression.

13.
Int J Mol Med ; 44(5): 1844-1854, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485608

RESUMO

Long non­coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to contribute to progression and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, expression profiling and interaction of lncRNAs with messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) remain largely unknown in HCC. The expression profiling of lncRNAs, mRNA and miRNAs was obtained using microarray. The Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis were used to characterize potential functions of differentially expressed mRNAs. Cytoscape was applied to construct an lncRNA­miRNA­mRNA co­expression network and candidate lncRNAs were validated via quantitative PCR in 30 pairs of HCC and adjacent tumor­free tissues. In this study, 1,056 upregulated and 1,288 downregulated lncRNAs were identified, while 2,687 mRNAs and 6 miRNAs were aberrantly expressed in HCC compared with adjacent tumor­free tissues. Potential functions of differentially expressed mRNAs were demonstrated to significantly participate in modulating critical genes in the cell cycle, such as cyclin E1 and cyclin B2. After screening, 95 lncRNAs, 5 miRNAs and 36 mRNAs were recruited for construction of lncRNA­mRNA­miRNA co­expression network in the cell cycle pathway. Subsequently, the top 5 lncRNAs that potentially modulate critical genes in the cell cycle were selected as the candidates for further verification. Kaplan­Meier curves using the Cancer Genome Atlas database showed that 13 targeted mRNAs were associated with overall survival of HCC patients. Finally, three lncRNAs, including ENST00000522221, lnc­HACE1­6:1 and lnc­ICOSLG­11:1, are significantly upregulated in HCC tissues compared with adjacent tumor­free tissues. These findings suggest that lncRNAs play essential roles in the pathogenesis of HCC via regulating coding genes and miRNAs, and may be important targets for diagnosis and treatment of this disease.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Ciclo Celular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 13: 2249-2270, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308634

RESUMO

Background: It is reported that various diseases such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are associated with imbalance of microbiome. And FXR has been well investigated in liver diseases. Purpose: The objective of this study was to identify the role of farnesoid X receptor agonist obeticholic acid via targeting gut microbiota in NAFLD. Patients and methods: Male C57BL/6 mice were fed either a normal-chow diet or a high-fat diet (HFD). Obeticholic acid(30mg/(kg·d)) and/or a combination of antibiotics were administered orally by gavage to mice for 12 weeks. Gut microbiota profiles were established through 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing. The effects of obeticholic acid on liver inflammation, the gut barrier, endotoxemia, gut microbiome and composition of the bile acid were also investigated. Results: Obeticholic acid treatment can significantly improve obesity, circulation metabolism disorders, liver inflammation and fibrosis, and intestinal barrier damage caused by HFD. Removal of normal commensal bacteria can weaken the effect of obeticholic acid. The gut microbial structure was changed, and abundance of Blautia was increased significantly after treated with obeticholic acid. After obeticholic acid treatment, the concentration of taurine-bound bile acid caused by HFD was reduced in the liver. Conclusion: Taken together, these data suggest that obeticholic acid has aprotective effect on NAFLD via changing the components of gut microbiota, specifically increasing the abundance of Blautia.


Assuntos
Ácido Quenodesoxicólico/análogos & derivados , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/prevenção & controle , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/agonistas , Animais , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/antagonistas & inibidores , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/biossíntese , Ácido Quenodesoxicólico/química , Ácido Quenodesoxicólico/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/microbiologia , Substâncias Protetoras/química
15.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 2927-2934, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31114341

RESUMO

Background: Aberrant expression of pepsinogen C (PGC) has been observed in human cancers. However, its role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains to be established. The goal of this study is to illustrate PGC expression and to evaluate its clinical relevance in HCC. Materials and methods: PGC expression was examined in 75 pairs of HCC and adjacent non-tumor tissues using tissue microarray. The correlations between its expression and clinical parameters were also analyzed. Results: PGC overexpression was significantly associated with larger tumor size (≥5 cm; P=0.017) and incomplete encapsulation (P<0.0001). Cox regression model demonstrated that PGC expression and tumor size were independent prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) in HCC. The subgroup analysis by Kaplan-Meier uncovered that OS and DFS were much worse in high PGC level group than in low PGC level group with large tumor size subgroup, while no difference of OS was noted between the two groups with low tumor size subgroup. Conclusion: PGC plays a tumorigenesis role in HCC progression, which may lead to a novel insight to the potential biomarker and novel therapeutic strategies for HCC patients.

16.
J Dig Dis ; 20(6): 278-287, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090180

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Peptest is a new non-invasive reflux diagnostic test based on lateral flow technology that containing two highly specific human pepsin monoclonal antibodies for detecting pepsin, a biomarker for reflux disease. The primary aim of this multicenter clinical study was to validate the efficacy of Peptest in patients diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux and healthy controls in China. METHODS: Patients with suspected gastroesophageal reflux underwent an endoscopy and were classified into non-erosive reflux disease and erosive esophagitis subgroups. A healthy control group was also recruited. All participants were given a reflux disease questionnaire-patients scoring greater than 12 and controls scoring zero. All participants provided a postprandial saliva sample and most patients gave an additional post-symptom sample for pepsin analysis. RESULTS: Altogether 1032 participants aged between 19 and 78 years were recruited. They consisted of 488 patients with non-erosive reflux disease, 221 with erosive esophagitis and 323 healthy controls. The number of postprandial and post-symptom samples analyzed totaled 1031 and 692, respectively. The results across all centers showed an overall pepsin-positive sensitivity of 85%, a specificity of 60%, a positive predictive value of 82%, a negative predictive value of 65% and a positive likelihood ratio of 2.12. CONCLUSION: The sensitivity of Peptest was high, but the specificity achieved in some centers was low, resulting overall in only a moderate specificity. Further diagnostic investigative studies are warranted.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/análise , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/diagnóstico , Pepsina A/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Biomarcadores/análise , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Saliva/química , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
17.
Biochim Biophys Acta Rev Cancer ; 1871(2): 379-391, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30951815

RESUMO

The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway coordinates organismal growth and homeostasis in response to growth factors, nutrients, and cellular energy stage. The pathway regulates several major cellular processes and is implicated in various pathological conditions, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This review summarizes recent advances of the mTOR pathway, highlights the potential of the mTOR pathway as a therapeutic target, and explores clinical trials targeting the mTOR pathway in HCC. Although the review focuses on the mTOR pathway involved in HCC, more comprehensive discussions (eg, developing a rational design for future trials targeting the mTOR pathway) are also applicable to other tumors.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
18.
Lab Invest ; 99(6): 749-763, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30700851

RESUMO

Activation of inflammation is an important mechanism in the development of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). This study aims to delineate how mitophagy affects NLRP3 inflammasome activation in hepatic lipotoxicity. Mice were fed a high fat/calorie diet (HFCD) for 24 weeks. Primary rat hepatocytes were treated with palmitic acid (PA) for various periods of time. Mitophagy was measured by protein levels of LC3II and P62. NLRP3, caspase-1, interleukin (IL)-18, and IL-1ß at mRNA and protein levels were used as indicators of inflammasome activation. Along with steatotic progression in HFCD-fed mice, ratio of LC3II/ß-actin was decreased concurrently with increased levels of liver P62, NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1ß, IL-18, and serum IL-1ß levels in late-stage NASH. PA treatment resulted in mitochondrial oxidative stress and initiated mitophagy in primary hepatocytes. The addition of cyclosporine A did not change LC3II/Τοmm20 ratios; but P62 levels were increased after an extended duration of PA exposure, indicating a defect in autophagic activity. Along with impaired mitophagy, mRNA and protein levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-18 and IL-1ß were upregulated by PA treatment. Pretreatment with MCC950, N-acetyl cysteine or acetyl-L-carnitine reversed inflammasome activation and a pyroptotic cascade. Additionally, mitophagic flux was partially recovered as indicated by increases in LC3II/Tomm20 ratio, parkin, and PINK1 expression, and decreased P62 expression. The findings suggest that impaired mitophagy triggers hepatic NLRP3 inflammasome activation in a murine NASH model and primary hepatocytes. The new insights into inflammasome activation through mitophagy advance our understanding of how fatty acids elicit lipotoxicity through oxidant stress and autophagy in mitochondria.


Assuntos
Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Mitofagia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Hepatócitos/fisiologia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Necroptose , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etiologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos
19.
Oncogene ; 38(23): 4574-4589, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30742066

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common gastrointestinal cancer with high mortality rate mostly due to metastasis. Ca2+-dependent activator protein for secretion 1 (CAPS1) was originally identified as a soluble factor that reconstitutes Ca2+-dependent secretion. In this study, we discovered a novel role of CAPS1 in CRC metastasis. CAPS1 is frequently up-regulated in CRC tissues. Increased CAPS1 expression is associated with frequent metastasis and poor prognosis of CRC patients. Overexpression of CAPS1 promotes CRC cell migration and invasion in vitro, as well as liver metastasis in vivo, without affecting cell proliferation. CAPS1 induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), including decreased E-cadherin and ZO-1, epithelial marker expression, and increased N-cadherin and Snail, mesenchymal marker expression. Snail knockdown reversed CAPS1-induced EMT, cell migration and invasion. This result indicates that Snail is required for CAPS1-mediated EMT process and metastasis in CRC. Furthermore, CAPS1 can bind with Septin2 and p85 (subunit of PI3K). LY294002 and wortmanin, PI3K/Akt inhibitors, can abolish CAPS1-induced increase of Akt/GSK3ß activity, as well as increase of Snail protein level. Taken together, CAPS1 promotes colorectal cancer metastasis through PI3K/Akt/GSK3ß/Snail signal pathway-mediated EMT process.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/fisiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/fisiologia , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/fisiologia , Idoso , Animais , Cálcio/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células HCT116 , Células HT29 , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Transplante de Neoplasias , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
20.
J Cancer ; 9(16): 2876-2884, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30123356

RESUMO

Background and Aim: MicroRNAs, dysregulated in the circulation of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patient, have been assumed to be with great potential in the diagnosis and prognosis of esophageal cancer. We aimed to review previous articles on ESCC. Methods: A search of electronic databases was performed before Nov 12, 2017. We summarized the identification of microRNA imbalance in the blood of ESCC compared with the healthy controls, with the objective to evaluate the efficiency of microRNAs in diagnosing and forecasting ESCC. Results: A total of 35 studies investigating plasma or serum microRNAs were included in the meta-analysis. Based on the consequences of the quality assessment of each study, the articles involved were appropriate for quantitative synthesis. For diagnostic meta-analysis. The overall pooled sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve of circulating microRNA is 0.794 (95% CI: 0.765 - 0.820), 0.779 (95%CI: 0.746 - 0.808), 0.86 (95%CI: 0.82 - 0.88). The diagnostic value of each microRNA was calculated respectively. For prognostic meta-analysis, the overall pooled hazard ratios of higher microRNA expression in circulation was 1.34 (95% CI: 1.14-1.58), which could significantly predict poorer survival in ESCC. Conclusions: Circulating microRNAs distinguish patients with ESCC from healthy controls with high sensitivity and specificity, compared to other invasive currently used screening methods. Simultaneously, there was prognostic value for the prognosis of ESCC.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...