Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 6 de 6
Mais filtros

Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 41(12): 1597-1608, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32300244


Tissue kallikrein has protective function against various types of injury. In this study, we investigated whether exogenous pancreatic kininogenase (PK) conferred renoprotection in a rat model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) and H2O2-treated HK-2 cells in vitro. SD rats were subjected to UUO surgery, then PK (7.2 U/g per day, ip) was administered for 7 or 14 days. After the treatment, rats were euthanized; the obstructed kidneys were harvested for further examination. We found that PK administration significantly attenuated interstitial inflammation and fibrosis, and downregulated the expression of proinflammatory (MCP-1, TLR-2, and OPN) and profibrotic (TGF-ß1 and CTGF) cytokines in obstructed kidney. UUO-induced oxidative stress, closely associated with excessive apoptotic cell death and autophagy via PI3K/AKT/FoxO1a signaling, which were abolished by PK administration. We further showed that PK administration increased the expression of bradykinin receptors 1 and 2 (B1R and B2R) mRNA and the production of NO and cAMP in kidney tissues. Coadministration with either B1R antagonist (des-Arg9-[Leu8]-bradykinin) or B2R antagonist (icatibant) abrogated the renoprotective effects of PK, and reduced the levels of NO and cAMP in obstructed kidney. In H2O2-treated HK-2 cells, addition of PK (6 pg/mL) significantly decreased ROS production, regulated the expression of oxidant and antioxidant enzymes, suppressed the expression of TGF-ß1 and MCP-1, and inhibited cell apoptosis. Our data demonstrate that PK treatment protects against the progression of renal fibrosis in obstructed kidneys.

Cancer Cell Int ; 14(1): 10, 2014 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24472145


INTRODUCTION: Although advanced gastric cancer has many limitations and response rate is marginal in chemotherapy. Overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2(HER-2/neu) gene and its protein are associated with increased cell division and a high rate of tumor growth and have been reported in several malignancies. Especially, approximately 30% of breast cancer patients have overexpression of HER-2/neu protein and the overexpression metastasize faster, induces resistance of the chemotherapy and down-regulate function of estrogen receptor. Recombinant humanized anti-HER2 antibody (Herceptin) inhibits proliferation of HER-2/neu overexpressing tumor cells and the use of that in combination in metastatic breast cancer have increased cytotoxicity of chemotherapeutic agents. METHODS: We evaluated the expression of HER-2/neu protein in gastric cell lines by FACS and then comparing the cytotoxicity in chemotherapeutics (doxorubicin, cisplatin, paclitaxel, 5-FU) alone and in combination with Herceptin according to the expression of HER-2/neu protein by MTT assay. RESULTS: 1. NCI-N87 (88%) gastric cancer cell line and SK-BR-3 (89%) breast cancer cell line with strong positivity of HER-2/neu expression. YBC-2 (55%) and YBC-3 (48%) gastric cancer cell line with intermediated, weak positivity respectively. Negative control U-87 MG (6%) brain cancer cell line were showed low expression of HER-2/neu. 2. Cell growth was dose-dependently inhibited in HER-2/neu positive, control cell line SK-BR-3 by Herceptin treatment but not observed in HER-2/neu negative control cell line U-87 MG. Effective growth inhibition was not observed in gastric cancer cell lines with single treatment of Herceptin, all cell lines observed the dose-dependent growth inhibition to chemotherapeutic agents (doxorubicin, cisplatin, paclitaxel and 5-FU). 3. Combination of Herceptin with doxorubicin observed synergistic effects in all cancer cell lines except YBC-3, combination of Herceptin with cisplatin observed NCI-N87 and SK-BR-3 and combination of Herceptin with paclitaxel observed synergistic effects in YBC-2. Combination of Herceptin with 5-FU observed antagonistic effects in all cancer cell lines. CONCLUSIONS: According to HER-2/neu expression level, effect of anti-cancer agents was observed differently in combination of Herceptin with chemotherapeutic agents. This suggests that HER-2/neu expression level can be applied standard of combination drug selection in combination of Herceptin With chemotherapeutic agents in gastric cancer.

Cancer Genet ; 205(4): 147-55, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22559975


The identification of molecular markers for diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis is a significant issue in the management of patients with gastric cancer. We compared the expression profiles of 23 gastric cancers and 22 normal gastric tissues using cDNA microarrays. We divided the samples into two sets, 11 pairs as a training set and 12 unpaired gastric cancer and 11 unpaired normal gastric tissues as a test set. We selected significant genes in the training set and validated the significance of the genes in the test set. We obtained 238 classifier genes that showed a maximum cross-validation probability and clear hierarchical clustering pattern in the training set, and showed excellent class prediction probability in the independent test set. The classifier genes consisted of known genes related to the biological features of cancer and 28% unknown genes. We obtained genome-wide molecular signatures of gastric cancer, which provides preliminary exploration data for the pathophysiology of gastric cancer.

Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Marcadores Genéticos , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , DNA Complementar , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Variação Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Estômago/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
Chin J Cancer ; 31(5): 233-40, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22429494


Although gene therapy was regarded as a promising approach for glioma treatment, its therapeutic efficacy was often disappointing because of the lack of efficient drug delivery systems. Mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) have been reported to have a tropism for brain tumors and thus could be used as delivery vehicles for glioma therapy. Therefore, in this study, we attempted to treat glioma by using MSCs as a vehicle for delivering replication-competent adenovirus. We firstly compared the infectivity of type 3, type 5, and type 35 fiber-modified adenoviruses in MSCs. We also determined suitable adenovirus titer in vitro and then used this titer to analyze the ability of MSCs to deliver replication-competent adenovirus into glioma in vivo. Our results indicated that type 35 fiber-modified adenovirus showed higher infectivity than did naked type 3 or type 5 fiber-modified adenovirus. MSCs carrying replication-competent adenovirus significantly inhibited tumor growth in vivo compared with other control groups. In conclusion, MSCs are an effective vehicle that can successfully transport replication-competent adenovirus into glioma, making it a potential therapeutic strategy for treating malignant glioma.

Adenoviridae , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Glioma/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Terapia Viral Oncolítica , Animais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Vetores Genéticos , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Transplante de Neoplasias , Distribuição Aleatória , Replicação Viral , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 12(12): 3257-63, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22471463


Metastasis is the major feature of malignant tumors that causes 90% of cancer deaths. Our laboratory has already established liver metastatic clones with YCC-16, isolated from the blood of a gastric cancer patient and expanded in vitro culture using a repeated orthotopic implantation method, and had reported biologic behaviour of the parental YCC-16, the orthotopic primary S1L0, and S1L1, S2L2 and S3L3 liver metastatic clones. Here, using these cell lines, we screened from chromosomal abnormalities using karyotype analysis and micro-CGH matching. There were 31 genes screened using PCA method which were functionally related to cell adhesion. Also, there were 23 genes selected which were related to the liver specific metastasis but excluded genes related to adhesion. There were 4 genes which demonstrated reduced or increased expression stepwise with passage. In conclusion, our results should contribute to exploring the mechanisms of liver metastasis by gastric cancer.

Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Animais , Adesão Celular , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
Pathol Int ; 55(8): 491-6, 2005 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15998377


For evaluating the diagnostic significance of p16(INK4A) over-expression in the uterine cervical intraepithelial neoplasm and in invasive carcinoma, human papillomavirus (HPV) was detected and genotyped by oligonucleotide microarray in archival tissues of 117 cervical specimens, including 47 invasive squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), 30 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), 20 adenocarcinomas, and 20 cases of non-neoplastic cervix. The expression of p16(INK4A) protein was immunohistochemically studied in these cases and in five HPV-positive and one HPV-negative cervical cancer cell lines. HPV was detected in 50% of CIN, 61.7% of SCC, and 45.5% of adenocarcinomas. p16(INK4A) expression was seen in all 20 cases of adenocarcinoma, 78.7% (37/47) of SCC, and 96.7% (29/30) of CIN, but not in any cases of the non-neoplastic cervix. There was no difference in p16(INK4A) expression between the HPV-positive and HPV-negative cervical lesions. All HPV-positive and -negative cervical cancer cell lines expressed p16(INK4A) protein. In conclusion, the presence of p16(INK4A) expression in cervical squamous and glandular epithelium indicates the existence of dysplasia or malignancy in the uterine cervix, regardless of HPV infection.

Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/virologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/genética , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/metabolismo , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/biossíntese , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genótipo , Células HeLa , Humanos , Coreia (Geográfico) , Invasividade Neoplásica , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos/métodos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo