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1.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 73: 172-180, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31100712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although γδ T cells have been reported to be closely related to the immunopathogenesis of some viral infectious diseases, the changes or roles of γδ T cells in the development of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) remain unclear. METHODS: Peripheral γδ T cells and their subsets were determined by surface (γδ TCR, Vδ1 TCR, Vδ2 TCR, CD45RA, and CD27) or intracellular (IFN-γ, TNF-α, CD107a, and Granzyme B) markers in healthy controls (HCs) and HFMD patients with FACS. The plasma levels of IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-6, and MCP-1 were measured by ELISA. Differences in γδ T cells or their subsets and correlations between γδ T cells and inflammation indicators were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Compared to HCs, HFMD patients showed increased effector γδ T and TNF-α+γδ T cells and plasma TNF-α levels, especially in severe cases. In addition, significantly increased Vδ1 T and IFN-γ+γδ T cells and other plasma inflammatory cytokines were further found in severe patients. Furthermore, EV71+ severe patients showed significantly increased effector and cytokine-producing γδ T cells, while the EV71- severe patients displayed significantly greater plasma cytokine levels. The percentage of IFN-γ+γδ T or TNF-α+γδ T cells was positively correlated with that of effector γδ T cells. There was a positive correlation between the proportion of Vδ1 T cells and white blood cell (WBC) count or the proportion of IFN-γ+γδ T or TNF-α+γδ T cells and neutrophil (N) count, while there was a negative correlation between Vδ2 T cells and WBC or N count. Moreover, the percentages of Vδ1 T and effector γδ T cells in the acute phase of disease declined significantly to normal levels during the recovery phase. CONCLUSIONS: Increased effector γδ T cells with enhanced cytokine production were remarkably observed in severe HFMD patients, which was also associated with clinical inflammation parameters. These data indicated that γδ T cells might be involved in inflammatory abnormalities in severe HFMD.


Assuntos
Citocinas/imunologia , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/imunologia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T gama-delta/imunologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , RNA Viral
2.
Int J Infect Dis ; 83: 56-63, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30959250

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: With the appearance of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs), sofosbuvir (SOF)-based DAAs are recommended for patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) recurrence after liver transplantation (LT). Whether ribavirin (RBV) is needed by patients after LT in combination with SOF-based DAAs remains to be determined. This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the necessity of RBV with SOF-based DAAs for post-LT patients. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and EMBASE databases were systematically searched for eligible studies from the databases' inceptions until November 2018. We accepted the studies that included HCV recurrence in post-LT patients who were treated with SOF-based DAAs ± RBV, and evaluated the rate of sustained virological response 12 weeks (SVR12) after the end of treatment. RESULTS: Twelve studies, comprising a total of 1466 LT recipients, were included in this study. The pooled SVR12 of these patients was 91% (95% CI: 84% to 95%). There was no statistical difference of SVR12 in the patients treated with SOF-based DAAs + RBV versus -RBV group (risk ratio [RR] = 0.97; 95% CI: 0.92 to 1.03; P = 0.35) by different therapy duration (P = 0.26), with different targets of DAAs (P = 0.13) and in different regions (P = 0.34) but a tendency for a higher incidence of anemia in the +RBV group than in the -RBV group (RR = 5.18; 95% CI: 3.41 to 7.86; p < 0.00001). CONCLUSION: The addition of RBV may not contribute to a higher SVR rate and could increase the incidence of anemia, so RBV is not necessary in SOF-based DAAs for patients with HCV recurrence after LT.


Assuntos
Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante de Fígado , Ribavirina/administração & dosagem , Sofosbuvir/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hepatite C/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Resposta Viral Sustentada
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