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1.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(9)2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33924888

RESUMO

Laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) is being increasingly used in the fabrication of complex-shaped structure parts with high precision. It is easy to form martensitic microstructure in Ti-6Al-4V alloy during manufacturing. Pre-heating the powder bed can enhance the thermal field produced by cyclic laser heating during LPBF, which can tailor the microstructure and further improve the mechanical properties. In the present study, all the Ti-6Al-4V alloy samples manufactured by LPBF at different powder bed temperatures exhibit a near-full densification state, with the densification ratio of above 99.4%. When the powder bed temperature is lower than 400 °C, the specimens are composed of a single α' martensite. As the temperature elevates to higher than 400 °C, the α and ß phase precipitate at the α' martensite boundaries by the diffusion and redistribution of V element. In addition, the α/α' lath coarsening is presented with the increasing powder bed temperature. The specimens manufactured at the temperature lower than 400 °C exhibit high strength but bad ductility. Moreover, the ultimate tensile strength and yield strength reduce slightly, whereas the ductility is improved dramatically with the increasing temperature, when it is higher than 400 °C.

2.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 55(2): 349-57, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23550990

RESUMO

The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs16754 of the WT1 gene has been described as a possible prognostic marker in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the results in this field are not reproducible in different cohorts. In this study, we investigated WT1 mutations, expression levels and SNP rs16754 in a cohort of 122 adult patients with AML. As the major allele (65.6%) in a Chinese population, WT1(GG) was associated with younger age (≤ 60) and lower percentage of blasts than WT1(GA/AA). Meanwhile, improved overall survival (OS, p = 0.035) and disease-free survival (DFS, p = 0.021) were observed in WT1(GG) compared with WT1(GA/AA). We then found that WT1 mutation, occurring in 8% of patients with AML, did not predict clinical outcome. Finally, WT1 levels were higher in patients with WT1(GG) than in those with WT1(GA/AA). However, high levels of WT1 (> median) predicted worse OS (p = 0.015) and DFS (p = 0.034) than low levels of WT1 (≤ median). However, further studies are required to elucidate the mechanism of why WT1(GG), which was associated with higher median expression of WT1 that predicts worse OS and DFS compared to low expression of WT1, predicted better OS and DFS compared with WT1(GA/AA). In summary, WT1 rs16754 and WT1 expression have a significant impact on clinical outcome in patients with AML.


Assuntos
Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Leucemia Mieloide/genética , Mutação , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas WT1/genética , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução/métodos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Mieloide/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide/etnologia , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/etnologia , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Indução de Remissão , Adulto Jovem
3.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 42(1): 46-9, 2010 Feb 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20140042

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the fatigue damage mechanism of porcelain, and its relation with the microscopic defects in clinically failed all-ceramic crowns. METHODS: Collecting the bilayered all-ceramic crowns failed in vivo. The fractured surfaces and occlusial surfaces of failed crowns were examined by an optical microscope followed by detailed fractography investigations using a field emission scanning electron microscope. When chemical impurities were of concern, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis was performed to examine chemical composition. A standard practice for fractography failure analysis of advanced ceramics is applied to disclose the fracture mode, and damage character. RESULTS: Three types of fracture features are defined as breakdown of the entire crown, and porcelain chipping-off/delamination. Alumina crowns were usually characterized by breakdown of the entire crown, while zirconia crowns by porcelain chipping-off and delamination. The fatigue damage of porcelain was classified into surface wear, cone crack, and porcelain delamination. The observed microscopic defects in this study included air bubbles and impurity particles. CONCLUSION: The multi-point occlusial contacts were recommended in all-ceramic restorations clinically. The thickness of porcelain is important for the anti-fatigue ability of porcelain. Cautions have to be taken to avoid contaminations during the veneering processes.


Assuntos
Cerâmica/química , Coroas , Porcelana Dentária/química , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos
4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21328981

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To construct anti-CD20scFv/CD80/CD28/zeta recombinant gene modified T cells, test its effectiveness of eradicating CD20 positive primary chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells and provide a promising tool for tumor adoptive immunotherapy. METHODS: The recombinant vectors were transduced into PA 317 cells and high titer retroviruses were obtained to infect human peripheral blood T lymphocytes. Resistant T cells were obtained by G418 selection for one week. Then transduced T lymphocytes and primary CLL cells were co-cultured. The status of primary chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells were observed by microscope. The level of IL-2 and IFN-gamma in the culture medium were measured. RESULTS: Primary T cells expressing anti-CD20scFv/IgGFc/CD80/CD28/zeta could be constructed successfully. These T cells were able to lyse CD20+ targets and secrete high levels of IL-2 (1301.00 pg/ml) and IFN-gamma (602.18 pg/ml) in vitro. CONCLUSION: (1) Recombinant gene modified T cells can be constructed successfully. (2) Recombinant gene modified T cells can specially kill CD20 positive primary CLL cells in vitro.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD20/genética , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Transfecção , Antígeno B7-1/genética , Antígenos CD28/genética , Vetores Genéticos , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Interleucina-2/metabolismo , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Retroviridae/genética , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
6.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21141599

RESUMO

AIM: To construct recombinant retroviruses expressing anti-CD20 scFv/CD80/CD28/zeta gene and detect its expression in Jurkat cells. METHOD: CD28-zetacDNA were amplified from plasmids pBULLET and inserted into pLNCX vector that contained anti-CD20 scFv/CD80 gene. The recombinant plasmids were transfected into PA 317 cells. Retroviruses were harvested from culture medium of PA 317 cells. Then NIH 3T3 were transfected with retroviruses. Objective gene expression was determined by PCR and FACS. Jurkat cells were transfected with high titer of retroviruses and resistant clones were obtained by G418 selection. Objective mRNA was determined by RT- PCR. RESULTS: The recombinant eukaryotic vector was constructed successfully by PCR and enzyme digestion analysis and objective gene was amplified from NIH 3T3 cells transfected with retroviruses by PCR; FACS showed that objective protein could be expressed in NIH 3T3 cells. Objective gene was amplified from Jurkat cells transfected with retroviruses by RT-PCR. CONCLUSION: Recombinant retrovirus expressing anti-CD20 scFv/CD80/CD28/zeta gene was successfully constructed and objective protein could be expressed in Jurkat cells.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD20/metabolismo , Antígeno B7-1/metabolismo , Antígenos CD28/metabolismo , Região Variável de Imunoglobulina/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Antígenos CD20/genética , Antígeno B7-1/genética , Antígenos CD28/genética , Vetores Genéticos , Humanos , Fragmentos Fab das Imunoglobulinas/genética , Fragmentos Fab das Imunoglobulinas/metabolismo , Região Variável de Imunoglobulina/genética , Células Jurkat , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo , Retroviridae/genética , Transfecção
7.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(2): 111-4, 2007 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17650672

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To construct anti-CD20scFv/CD80/CD28/zeta recombinant gene modified T cells, test its effectiveness of eradicating CD20+ lymphoma cells and provide a probably new approach to tumor adoptive immunotherapy. METHODS: CD28-zeta cDNA were amplified from vector pBULLET and inserted into pLNCX vector that contained anti-CD20scFv/CD80 gene. The recombinant vectors were transduced into PA317 cells and high titer retroviruses were obtained to infect human peripheral blood T lymphocytes. Resistant T cells were obtained by G418 selection at one week. Then transduced T lymphocytes and lymphoma cell lines Daudi Raji were cocultured. The cytotoxicity and cytokine production of transduced T cells were determined by non-radio-activation cytotoxicity assay and ELISA respectively. RESULTS: The recombinant eukaryotic vector was constructed successfully as proved by enzyme digestion analysis and sequencing. These T cells were able to lyse CD20+ target cells and secrete high levels of IL-2 and IFN-gamma in vitro. CONCLUSION: Recombinant gene modified T cells can be constructed successfully. It can specially kill CD20 positive lymphoma cells in vitro.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD20/imunologia , Antígeno B7-1/imunologia , Antígenos CD28/genética , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Antígenos CD20/genética , Antígeno B7-1/genética , Antígenos CD28/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Citotoxicidade Imunológica , Vetores Genéticos , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Plasmídeos/genética , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Transfecção
9.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15256144

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of hydroquinone on apoptosis of bone marrow mononuclear cells, and to evaluate the toxic effect of benzene on stem cells. METHODS: Cell morphology was observed by HT fluorescent stain method, and DNA fragments were analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis. Anti-Annexin V FITC plus PI staining for apoptotic and necrotic rate was examined by flow cytometer. RESULTS: After adding different concentrations of hydroquinone to the cells for 6 h culture, the fluorescent intensity of nucleus increased, the color of nucleus became deep and inhomogeneous, and the chromatin was condensed and distributed around the neucleus. DNA ladder was detected in all samples. Cell apoptotic rate in different concentration of hydroquinone groups was significantly higher than that in blank control group (P < 0.05). With the increase of the concentration of hydroquinone, the apoptotic and necrotic rate also increased. The optimal concentration of hydroquinone was 50 micro mol/L. When it was >or= 75 micro mol/L, the necrotic rate increased significantly. Hydroquinone-induced apoptosis was associated with culture time at the concentration of 50 micro mol/L, and the peak apoptotic time was 10 h, then the apoptotic rate decreased and necrotic rate increased. CONCLUSION: Hydroquinone can induce apoptosis of bone marrow mononuclear cells in vitro with dose-effect and time-effect relationship.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Hidroquinonas/farmacologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/citologia , Mutagênicos/farmacologia
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