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Anal Bioanal Chem ; 411(19): 4797-4806, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30747236


Ultrasensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) detection can benefit substantially from the rational configuration of emitter-enhancer stereochemistry. Here, using zinc(II) meso-5,10,15,20-tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin (ZnTSPP) as a model, we demonstrate that both the ECL intensity and the photostability of this emitter were significantly improved when it was trapped in pyridyl-bridged ß-cyclodextrin dimer (Py(CD)2); a synthetic enhancer that is ECL inactive. Through NMR characterization, we confirmed that ZnTSPP formed a clam-like inclusion complex involving pinning and pinching forces from the biocompatible container Py(CD)2. Up to a threefold increase in the ECL brightness of ZnTSPP was witnessed when it was encapsulated in ß-CD. Absorption and emission spectroscopic data revealed that both the extended excitation lifetime and the restricted mobility of the guest contributed to the observed improvement in signal transduction within the host molecule. This bioinspired entrapment also led to a marked boost in ECL stability. With the aid of the newly identified coreactant H2O2, the hollow TSPP@Py(CD)2 system was employed to create a Zn2+-selective probe that was capable of sensitive and accurate zinc detection. The observed increase in ECL conversion and enhanced photophysical properties of this compact supramolecular assembly render it a novel template for enhancing ECL in analytical applications. Graphical abstract ᅟ.

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 41(1): 73-80, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29222875


BACKGROUND: The incidence and clinical outcomes of delayed response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) have not been well clarified. We aimed to observe the incidence and prognosis of delayed response and to identify its possible mechanisms. METHODS: A total of 115 CRT patients were retrospectively analyzed in our study. Patients who met the enrollment criteria were divided into two groups: group A, conventional responders who showed response at 1-year follow-up, and group B, delayed responders who showed response after 1-year follow-up. CRT response was defined as an absolute increase of ≥10% in left ventricular ejection fraction. RESULTS: Fifty-two patients (61 ± 12 years, 37 male) experienced conventional response to CRT and 17 patients (63 ± 11 years, 10 male) experienced delayed response. The mean follow-up time was 5.2 ± 2.4 years. The incidence of delayed response was 14.8% (17/115). All-cause mortality and hospitalization rates for heart failure were similar for delayed and conventional responders. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that scar burden > 35% was an independent predictor of CRT delayed response (odds ratio 8.794, P  =  0.038). CONCLUSIONS: A significant proportion of patients demonstrated delayed response to CRT. The delayed responders had a good prognosis that was similar to that of conventional responders. More scar burden might be related to the incidence of delayed response.