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1.
Curr Cardiol Rep ; 23(11): 162, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599375

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are at high risk of both ischemic stroke and recurrent ICH, and stroke prevention after ICH is important to improve the long-term outcomes in this patient population. The objective of this article is to review the current guidelines on stroke prevention measures after ICH as well as the new findings and controversies for future guidance. RECENT FINDINGS: Intensive blood pressure reduction might benefit ICH survivors significantly. Cholesterol levels and the risk of ICH have an inverse relationship, but statin therapy after ICH might be still beneficial. Anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation after ICH specifically with novel oral anticoagulants may be associated with better long-term outcomes. Left atrial appendage occlusion may be an alternative for stroke prevention in ICH survivors with atrial fibrillation for whom long-term anticoagulation therapy is contraindicated. While complete individualized risk assessment is imperative to prevent stroke after ICH, future research is required to address current controversies and knowledge gap in this topic.

2.
Emerg Radiol ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617133

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Increasing use of advanced imaging in the emergency department (ED) has resulted in higher cost without better outcomes. Our goal was to evaluate the yield of CT head exams by scenario to guide efforts at improving patient selection. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study at an academic medical center over 4 years (1/1/2014-12/31/2017). The chief complaint, imaging order, and exam result text were obtained for all adult ED encounters. For the 50 most common chief complaints leading to CT head exams, the ratio of exams to total encounters and ratio of critical results to imaging studies were calculated. Significant difference in "yield" was assessed via binomial test. RESULTS: Over 708,145 adult ED encounters, 58,783 CT head exams were ordered, with an overall critical result yield of 8.0%. The three most common chief complaints had higher yield (p < 0.05): altered mental status (9.8%), fall (9.7%), and new headache (10.1%). Lower yield (p < 0.05) was found for 19 chief complaints: dizziness (6.2%), falls in patients > 65 years old (7.1%), syncope (5.3%), seizure with known epilepsy (4.8%), chest pain (3.7%), head injury (4.9%), headache re-evaluation (7.0%), alcohol intoxication (2.5%), fatigue (6.5%), headache-recurrent or in the setting of known migraines (5.2%), hypertension (4.4%), lethargy (5.8%), loss of consciousness (5.3%), migraine (3.2%), psychiatric evaluation (2.9%), near syncope (4.6%), drug problem (3.1%), symptomatically decreased blood sugar (3.2%), and suicidal (1.7%). CONCLUSION: Our study provides a priority list of low yield scenarios of CT head use for improvement of patient selection.

3.
Semin Neurol ; 41(5): 530-540, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619779

RESUMO

While anticoagulation and its reversal have been of clinical relevance for decades, recent academic and technological advances have expanded the repertoire of its application in neurological disease. The advent of direct oral anticoagulants provides effective, mechanistically elegant, and relatively safer therapeutic options than warfarin for eligible patients at risk for neurological sequelae of prothrombotic states, particularly given the recent availability of corresponding reversal agents. In this review, we examine the provenance, indications, safety, and reversal tools for anticoagulant medications in the context of neurological disease, with specific attention to acute ischemic stroke, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, and intracerebral hemorrhage. We will use specific clinical scenarios to illustrate the complex factors that must be considered in the use of anticoagulation, including intracranial pathology such as intracerebral hemorrhage, traumatic brain injury, or malignancy; metabolic complications such as chronic kidney disease; pregnancy; and advanced age.

4.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the effects of the side of large vessel occlusion (LVO) on post-thrombectomy infarct volume and clinical outcome with regard to admission National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score. METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with anterior LVO who received endovascular thrombectomy and follow-up MRI. Applying voxel-wise general linear models and multivariate analysis, we assessed the effects of occlusion side, admission NIHSS, and post-thrombectomy reperfusion (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction, mTICI) on final infarct distribution and volume as well as discharge modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score. RESULTS: We included 469 patients, 254 with left-sided and 215 with right-sided LVO. Admission NIHSS was higher in those with left-sided LVO (median (IQR) 16 (10-22)) than in those with right-sided LVO (14 (8-16), p>0.001). In voxel-wise analysis, worse post-thrombectomy reperfusion, lower admission NIHSS score, and poor discharge outcome were associated with right-hemispheric infarct lesions. In multivariate analysis, right-sided LVO was an independent predictor of larger final infarct volume (p=0.003). There was a significant three-way interaction between admission stroke severity (based on NIHSS), LVO side, and mTICI with regard to final infarct volume (p=0.041). Specifically, in patients with moderate stroke (NIHSS 6-15), incomplete reperfusion (mTICI 0-2b) was associated with larger final infarct volume (p<0.001) and worse discharge outcome (p=0.02) in right-sided compared with left-sided LVO. CONCLUSIONS: When adjusted for admission NIHSS, worse post-thrombectomy reperfusion is associated with larger infarct volume and worse discharge outcome in right-sided versus left-sided LVO. This may represent larger tissue-at-risk in patients with right-sided LVO when applying admission NIHSS as a clinical biomarker for penumbra.

5.
Stroke ; : STROKEAHA121034464, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with prestroke mobility impairment (PSMI) were excluded from endovascular clinical trials. There are limited data regarding safety and outcomes of endovascular thrombectomy in this population. We used a large, national data set (Get With The Guidelines-Stroke) to evaluate the safety and outcomes of endovascular thrombectomy in patients with PSMI. METHODS: We included patients who underwent endovascular thrombectomy in the Get With The Guidelines-Stroke registry between 2015 and 2019. PSMI was defined as the inability to ambulate independently. Generalized estimating equations for logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between PSMI and outcomes. RESULTS: Of 56 762 patients treated with endovascular thrombectomy, 2919 (5.14%) had PSMI. PSMI was not associated with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (6.0% versus 5.4%; P=0.979). In-hospital death or discharge to hospice occurred in 32.3% of patients with PSMI versus 17.5% without PSMI (adjusted odds ratio, 1.45 [1.32-1.58]). CONCLUSIONS: While procedural adverse outcomes were no higher in patients with PSMI, further study is necessary to determine clinical benefit in this population.

6.
J Clin Neurophysiol ; 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510093

RESUMO

SUMMARY: In this review, we discuss the utility of quantitative EEG parameters for the detection of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in the context of the complex pathophysiology of DCI and the limitations of current diagnostic methods. Because of the multifactorial pathophysiology of DCI, methodologies solely assessing blood vessel narrowing (vasospasm) are insufficient to detect all DCI. Quantitative EEG has facilitated the exploration of EEG as a diagnostic modality of DCI. Multiple quantitative EEG parameters such as alpha power, relative alpha variability, and alpha/delta ratio show reliable detection of DCI in multiple studies. Recent studies on epileptiform abnormalities suggest that their potential for the detection of DCI. Quantitative EEG is a promising, continuous, noninvasive, monitoring modality of DCI implementable in daily practice. Future work should validate these parameters in larger populations, facilitated by the development of automated detection algorithms and multimodal data integration.

7.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585611

RESUMO

Background: Utilization of head and neck CTA in the emergency department (ED) has grown disproportionately to other neuroimaging examinations. Objective: To characterize utilization of head and neck CTA in the ED, comparing utilization and frequency of nonroutine results communication among patients' chief concerns. Methods: All adult ED visits for a single healthcare system from January 2014 to December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Variables recorded included chief concerns, whether head and neck CTA was performed, and, if so, whether the report documented nonroutine results communication. The fifty chief concerns resulting in the highest number of head and neck CTA examinations were identified. Frequencies of head and neck CTA ordering and of nonroutine results communication were calculated. A subset of reports documenting nonroutine communication were manually reviewed. Results: Head and neck CTA was ordered in 2.5% (17,903) of 708,145 ED visits in 236,476 patients (mean age 48.9±20.5 years; 110,952 male, 125,521 female, 3 unknown sex). Head and neck CTA was ordered for 833 distinct chief concerns. Nonroutine results communication was documented for 17.6% (31,55/17,903) of examinations. Among the fifty chief concerns associated with the highest number of examinations, frequency of ordering head and neck CTA ranged from <0.5% (five concerns) to 55.2% (stroke code), and frequency of nonroutine communication ranged from 5.6% (transient ischemic attack) to 67.5% (unresponsive). Chief concerns not among the fifty most common accounted for 50.0% (8956/17903) of examinations; these exhibited a collective frequency of nonroutine communication of 4.8% (429/8956). Manual review of 11.1% (350/3155) of reports with a nonroutine communication indicated an acute finding related to the indication in 51.1%, non-emergent but potentially explanatory finding in 28.0%, incidental finding in 28.0%, and communication of negative results in 6.9%. Conclusion: Head and neck CTA is ordered in 2.5% of ED visits for a wide range of chief concerns. Frequencies of ordering and of nonroutine results communication are highly variable among chief concerns. Acute indication-related findings account for half of nonroutine radiologist communications. Clinical Impact: Insight into patterns regarding head and neck CTA ordering and nonroutine results may help optimize patient selection and radiologist communications in the ED setting.

9.
Stroke ; 52(10): e635-e645, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517768

RESUMO

Cilostazol is a PDE3 (phosphodiesterase III) inhibitor with a long track record of safety that is Food and Drug Administration and European Medicines Agency approved for the treatment of claudication in patients with peripheral arterial disease. In addition, cilostazol has been approved for secondary stroke prevention in several Asian countries based on trials that have demonstrated a reduction in stroke recurrence among patients with noncardioembolic stroke. The onset of benefit appears after 60 to 90 days of treatment, which is consistent with cilostazol's pleiotropic effects on platelet aggregation, vascular remodeling, blood flow, and plasma lipids. Cilostazol appears safe and does not increase the risk of major bleeding when given alone or in combination with aspirin or clopidogrel. Adverse effects such as headache, gastrointestinal symptoms, and palpitations, however, contributed to a 6% increase in drug discontinuation among patients randomized to cilostazol in a large secondary stroke prevention trial (CSPS.com [Cilostazol Stroke Prevention Study for Antiplatelet Combination]). Due to limitations of prior trials, such as open-label design, premature trial termination, large loss to follow-up, lack of functional or cognitive outcome data, and exclusive enrollment in Asia, the existing trials have not led to a change in clinical practice or guidelines in Western countries. These limitations could be addressed by a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized trial conducted in a broader population. If positive, it would increase the evidence in support of long-term treatment with cilostazol for secondary prevention in the millions of patients worldwide who have experienced a noncardioembolic ischemic stroke.

10.
Neurocrit Care ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494212

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cerebral edema is associated with worse outcome after acute stroke; however, the minimum clinically relevant threshold remains unknown. This study aimed to identify the minimal degree of midline shift (MLS) that predicts outcome in a cohort encompassing a broad range of patients with acute stroke. METHODS: Patient-level data from six acute stroke clinical trials were combined with endovascular thrombectomy registries from two academic referral centers, generating a combined cohort of 1977 patients. MLS was extracted from the original trial data or measured on computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging that was obtained a median of 47.0 h (interquartile range 27.0-75.1 h) after stroke onset. Logistic regression was performed to identify predictors of poor outcome and the minimal clinically relevant MLS threshold. RESULTS: The presence of MLS was a predictor of poor outcome, independent of baseline clinical and demographic factors (adjusted odds ratio 4.46, 95% confidence interval 3.56-5.59, p < 0.001). Examining the full range of MLS values identified, a value of greater than 3 mm was the critical threshold that significantly predicted poor outcome (adjusted odds ratio 3.20 [1.31-7.82], p = 0.011). CONCLUSIONS: These results show that the presence of MLS predicts poor outcome and, specifically, MLS value greater than 3 mm is an important threshold across a variety of clinical settings. These findings may have relevance for the design and interpretation of future trials for antiedema therapies.

11.
Int J Stroke ; : 17474930211050749, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among prognostic imaging variables, the hematoma volume on admission computed tomography (CT) has long been considered the strongest predictor of outcome and mortality in intracerebral hemorrhage. AIMS: To examine whether different features of hematoma shape are associated with functional outcome in deep intracerebral hemorrhage. METHODS: We analyzed 790 patients from the ATACH-2 trial, and 14 shape features were quantified. We calculated Spearman's Rho to assess the correlation between shape features and three-month modified Rankin scale (mRS) score, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) to quantify the association between shape features and poor outcome defined as mRS>2 as well as mRS > 3. RESULTS: Among 14 shape features, the maximum intracerebral hemorrhage diameter in the coronal plane was the strongest predictor of functional outcome, with a maximum coronal diameter >∼3.5 cm indicating higher three-month mRS scores. The maximum coronal diameter versus hematoma volume yielded a Rho of 0.40 versus 0.35 (p = 0.006), an AUC[mRS>2] of 0.71 versus 0.68 (p = 0.004), and an AUC[mRS>3] of 0.71 versus 0.69 (p = 0.029). In multiple regression analysis adjusted for known outcome predictors, the maximum coronal diameter was independently associated with three-month mRS (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: A coronal-plane maximum diameter measurement offers greater prognostic value in deep intracerebral hemorrhage than hematoma volume. This simple shape metric may expedite assessment of admission head CTs, offer a potential biomarker for hematoma size eligibility criteria in clinical trials, and may substitute volume in prognostic intracerebral hemorrhage scoring systems.

12.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(17): e021724, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431358

RESUMO

Background All of Us is a novel research program that aims to accelerate research in populations traditionally underrepresented in biomedical research. Our objective was to evaluate the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in broadly defined underrepresented groups. Methods and Results We evaluated the latest data release of All of Us. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis combining survey and electronic health record data to estimate the prevalence of CVD upon enrollment in underrepresented groups defined by race, ethnicity, age (>75 years), disability (not able to carry out everyday physical activities), sexual orientation and gender identity lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, and asexual (LGBTQIA+), income (annual household income <$35 000 US dollars) and education (less than a high school degree). We used multivariate logistic regression to estimate the adjusted odds ratio (OR) and product terms to test for interaction. The latest All of Us data release includes 315 297 participants. Of these, 230 577 (73%) had information on CVD and 17 958 had CVD (overall prevalence, 7.8%; 95% CI, 7.7-7.9). Multivariate analyses adjusted by hypertension, hyperlipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, body mass index, and smoking indicated that, compared with White participants, Black participants had a higher adjusted odds of CVD (OR, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.16-1.27). Higher adjusted odds of CVD were also observed in underrepresented groups defined by other factors, including age >75 years (OR, 1.90; 95% CI, 1.81-1.99), disability (OR, 1.60; 95% CI, 1.53-1.68), and income <$35 000 US dollars (OR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.17-1.27). Sex significantly modified the odds of CVD in several of the evaluated groups. Conclusions Among participants enrolled in All of Us, underrepresented groups defined based on race, ethnicity and other factors have a disproportionately high burden of CVD. The All of Us research program constitutes a powerful platform to accelerate research focused on individuals in underrepresented groups.

13.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(8): e2121921, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424302

RESUMO

Importance: Black and Hispanic individuals have an increased risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) compared with their White counterparts, but no large studies of ICH have been conducted in these disproportionately affected populations. Objective: To examine the prevalence, odds, and population attributable risk (PAR) percentage for established and novel risk factors for ICH, stratified by ICH location and racial/ethnic group. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Ethnic/Racial Variations of Intracerebral Hemorrhage Study was a case-control study of ICH among 3000 Black, Hispanic, and White individuals who experienced spontaneous ICH (1000 cases in each group). Recruitment was conducted between September 2009 and July 2016 at 19 US sites comprising 42 hospitals. Control participants were identified through random digit dialing and were matched to case participants by age (±5 years), sex, race/ethnicity, and geographic area. Data analyses were conducted from January 2019 to May 2020. Main Outcomes and Measures: Case and control participants underwent a standardized interview, physical measurement for body mass index, and genotyping for the ɛ2 and ɛ4 alleles of APOE, the gene encoding apolipoprotein E. Prevalence, multivariable adjusted odds ratio (OR), and PAR percentage were calculated for each risk factor in the entire ICH population and stratified by racial/ethnic group and by lobar or nonlobar location. Results: There were 1000 Black patients (median [interquartile range (IQR)] age, 57 [50-65] years, 425 [42.5%] women), 1000 Hispanic patients (median [IQR] age, 58 [49-69] years; 373 [37.3%] women), and 1000 White patients (median [IQR] age, 71 [59-80] years; 437 [43.7%] women). The mean (SD) age of patients with ICH was significantly lower among Black and Hispanic patients compared with White patients (eg, lobar ICH: Black, 62.2 [15.2] years; Hispanic, 62.5 [15.7] years; White, 71.0 [13.3] years). More than half of all ICH in Black and Hispanic patients was associated with treated or untreated hypertension (PAR for treated hypertension, Black patients: 53.6%; 95% CI, 46.4%-59.8%; Hispanic patients: 46.5%; 95% CI, 40.6%-51.8%; untreated hypertension, Black patients: 45.5%; 95% CI, 39.%-51.1%; Hispanic patients: 42.7%; 95% CI, 37.6%-47.3%). Lack of health insurance also had a disproportionate association with the PAR percentage for ICH in Black and Hispanic patients (Black patients: 21.7%; 95% CI, 17.5%-25.7%; Hispanic patients: 30.2%; 95% CI, 26.1%-34.1%; White patients: 5.8%; 95% CI, 3.3%-8.2%). A high sleep apnea risk score was associated with both lobar (OR, 1.68; 95% CI, 1.36-2.06) and nonlobar (OR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.37-1.91) ICH, and high cholesterol was inversely associated only with nonlobar ICH (OR, 0.60; 95% CI, 0.52-0.70); both had no interactions with race and ethnicity. In contrast to the association between the ɛ2 and ɛ4 alleles of APOE and ICH in White individuals (eg, presence of APOE ɛ2 allele: OR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.34-2.52), APOE alleles were not associated with lobar ICH among Black or Hispanic individuals. Conclusions and Relevance: This study found sleep apnea as a novel risk factor for ICH. The results suggest a strong contribution from inadequately treated hypertension and lack of health insurance to the disproportionate burden and earlier onset of ICH in Black and Hispanic populations. These findings emphasize the importance of addressing modifiable risk factors and the social determinants of health to reduce health disparities.

15.
Stroke ; : STROKEAHA120033246, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Whether reperfusion into infarcted tissue exacerbates cerebral edema has treatment implications in patients presenting with extensive irreversible injury. We investigated the effects of endovascular thrombectomy and reperfusion on cerebral edema in patients presenting with radiological evidence of large hemispheric infarction at baseline. METHODS: In a systematic review and individual patient-level meta-analysis of 7 randomized controlled trials comparing thrombectomy versus medical therapy in anterior circulation ischemic stroke published between January 1, 2010, and May 31, 2017 (Highly Effective Reperfusion Using Multiple Endovascular Devices collaboration), we analyzed the association between thrombectomy and reperfusion with maximal midline shift (MLS) on follow-up imaging as a measure of the space-occupying effect of cerebral edema in patients with large hemispheric infarction on pretreatment imaging, defined as diffusion-magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography (CT)-perfusion ischemic core 80 to 300 mL or noncontrast CT-Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score ≤5. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane tool. RESULTS: Among 1764 patients, 177 presented with large hemispheric infarction. Thrombectomy and reperfusion were associated with functional improvement (thrombectomy common odds ratio =2.30 [95% CI, 1.32-4.00]; reperfusion common odds ratio =4.73 [95% CI, 1.66-13.52]) but not MLS (thrombectomy ß=-0.27 [95% CI, -1.52 to 0.98]; reperfusion ß=-0.78 [95% CI, -3.07 to 1.50]) when adjusting for age, National Institutes of Health Stroke Score, glucose, and time-to-follow-up imaging. In an exploratory analysis of patients presenting with core volume >130 mL or CT-Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score ≤3 (n=76), thrombectomy was associated with greater MLS after adjusting for age and National Institutes of Health Stroke Score (ß=2.76 [95% CI, 0.33-5.20]) but not functional improvement (odds ratio, 1.71 [95% CI, 0.24-12.08]). CONCLUSIONS: In patients presenting with large hemispheric infarction, thrombectomy and reperfusion were not associated with MLS, except in the subgroup with very large core volume (>130 mL) in whom thrombectomy was associated with increased MLS due to space-occupying ischemic edema. Mitigating cerebral edema-mediated secondary injury in patients with very large infarcts may further improve outcomes after reperfusion therapies.

16.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(11): 106065, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455151

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia is common after acute ischemic stroke and is associated with worse outcome, but intensive glucose control has not improved outcome. There is also a racial disparity in outcome after stroke, with Black patients more likely to have functional impairment than whites. We aimed to evaluate if there were racial differences in outcomes in acute ischemic stroke patients treated with intensive glucose control. METHODS: We performed a post-hoc analysis of the Stroke Hyperglycemia Insulin Network Effort (SHINE) trial to determine if Black patients had worse functional outcome than whites and if standard versus intensive glucose control modified that association. We included non-Hispanic white and Black patients. The primary outcome was excellent functional outcome (90-day modified Rankin Score of 0-1). To account for patient clustering by study site, we fit mixed-effects logistic regression models to our outcome and tested the interaction of treatment and race. RESULTS: We included 895 patients, of which 304 (34%) were Black and 591 (66%) were white. The rate of excellent outcome was 31.6% in Black patients versus 41.0% in white patients (p=0.006). After adjusting for potential confounders, the odds ratio for excellent outcome in Black patients was 0.54 (95% CI 0.38-0.77). The interaction term between treatment and race was significant (p=0.067). In the intensive treatment arm, Black patients had a predicted probability of excellent outcome of 26.4% (20.1-32.8) versus 42.7% (37.6-47.9) for white patients (p<0.001), while in the standard treatment arm the difference was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: Black patients with acute ischemic stroke and hyperglycemia had worse functional outcome at 90 days than white patients, particularly if given intensive glucose control. These findings are from a post-hoc analysis and may be confounded, thus warrant additional study.

17.
World Neurosurg ; 153: 142-143, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420767
19.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5119, 2021 08 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433813

RESUMO

Radiological examination of the brain is a critical determinant of stroke care pathways. Accessible neuroimaging is essential to detect the presence of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) operates at high magnetic field strength (1.5-3 T), which requires an access-controlled environment, rendering MRI often inaccessible. We demonstrate the use of a low-field MRI (0.064 T) for ICH evaluation. Patients were imaged using conventional neuroimaging (non-contrast computerized tomography (CT) or 1.5/3 T MRI) and portable MRI (pMRI) at Yale New Haven Hospital from July 2018 to November 2020. Two board-certified neuroradiologists evaluated a total of 144 pMRI examinations (56 ICH, 48 acute ischemic stroke, 40 healthy controls) and one ICH imaging core lab researcher reviewed the cases of disagreement. Raters correctly detected ICH in 45 of 56 cases (80.4% sensitivity, 95%CI: [0.68-0.90]). Blood-negative cases were correctly identified in 85 of 88 cases (96.6% specificity, 95%CI: [0.90-0.99]). Manually segmented hematoma volumes and ABC/2 estimated volumes on pMRI correlate with conventional imaging volumes (ICC = 0.955, p = 1.69e-30 and ICC = 0.875, p = 1.66e-8, respectively). Hematoma volumes measured on pMRI correlate with NIH stroke scale (NIHSS) and clinical outcome (mRS) at discharge for manual and ABC/2 volumes. Low-field pMRI may be useful in bringing advanced MRI technology to resource-limited settings.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/economia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/instrumentação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuroimagem/economia , Neuroimagem/instrumentação , Neuroimagem/métodos
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